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Full text of "The Year book and almanac of Canada for 1869 [microform] : being an annual statistical abstract for the Dominion, and a record of legislation and of public men in British North America"







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WnSTIR,N.Y. 14SW 

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CIHM/ICMH 

Microfiche 

Series. 



CIHIVI/iCIVIH 
Collection de 
microfiches. 




Canadian Inttituta for Historical Microraproductions / Institut Canadian da microraproductiona historiquas 




Tachnical and Bibliographic Notaa/Notas taohniquaa at bibliographiquaa 



Tha Inatituta haa attamptad to obtain tha baat 
original copy availabia for filming. Faaturaa of thia 
copy which may ba bibllographically uniqua, 
which may altar any of tha imagaa In tha 
raproduction, or which may aignifioantly ehanga 
tha uaual mathod of filming, ara chackad balow. 



r~7| Colourad covers/ 

' V I Couvartura da coulaur 



|~~1 Covars damagad/ 



D 



D 
D 



D 



D 



Couvartura andommagia 

Covars raatorad and/or laminatad/ 
Couvartura rastaurAa at/ou pallicuMa 



I I Covar titia miasing/ 



La titra da couvartura manqua 



□ Colourad maps/ 
Cartas gAographiquaa an coulaur 

r~7| Colourad ink (l.a. othar than blua or black)/ 



Encra da coulaur (i.a. autra qua blaua ou noira) 

Colourad platas and/or illuatrationa/ 
Planchaa at/ou illuatrationa an coulaur 



Bound with othar material/ 
Rail* avac d'autraa documanta 

Tight binding may cauaa shadows or distortion 
along interior margin/ 

La re liura serria paut cauaar da I'ombra ou de la 
distortion la long de la marge IntArieure 

• : 

Blank laavea added during reatoration may 
appear within the text. Whenever poaaibla, these 
have been omitted from filming/ 
II se peut que certainaa pagea blanchea ajoutAea 
lors d'une reatauration apparaiasant dana la texte, 
mala, lorsque cela Atait poaaibla. cea pagea n'ont 
pea At6 fiimAea. 

Additional commanta:/ 
Commentaires supplAmantairaa: 



n 

to 



L'Inatitut a microfilm* la meilleur exemplaira 
qu'll lui a At* poaaibla da ae procurer. Lea dAtails 
de eet exemplaira qui aont peut-*tre unlquea du 
point de vue bibliographlque, qui peuvent modifier 
une image reproduite. ou qui peuvent exiger une 
modification dana la m*thode normale de filmage 
aont indiquia ci-daaaoua. 



□ Coloured pages/ 
Pagea de couleur 

□ Pagea damaged/ 
Pagea endommagias 

E Pages reatorad and/or laminated/ 
Pages reataurAea at/ou pelliculAes 

[771 Pages discoloured, stained or foxed/ 



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fill 



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Pages dAcolorAes. taclbatAas ou piquAes 

Pagea detached/ 
Pages dAtachAas 

Showthrough/ 
Transparence 

Quality of prir 

QualitA inAgale de I'impreasion 

includea aupplementary materii 
Comprend du matAriel aupplAmentaira 

Only edition available/ 
Seule Adition diaponibla 



I I Pagea detached/ 

rrTI Showthrough/ 

I I Quality of print variaa/ 

I I includea aupplementary material/ 

rn Only edition available/ 



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Pages wholly or psrtially obscured by errata 
alipa. tiaaues. etc., have been refilmed to 
ensure the best possible image/ 
Lea pagea totalement ou partiellement 
obacurciea par un feuillet d'arrata, une palure, 
etc.. ont At A filmAes A nouveau da fa^on A 
obtanir la mailleure image possible. 



This item is filmed at the reduction ratio checked below/ 

Ce document eat filmA au taux de rAduction indiquA ci-deaaoua. 

10X 14X 1SX 22X 



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30X 























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Th« copy filmed h«r« has b««n raproducad thanks 
to tha ganarosity of: \ 

National Library of Canada 



L'axamplaira filmA f ut raprodult grAca A la 
gAnArosItt da: 

BibliothAqua natlonala du Canada 



Tha imagas appearing hara ara tha bast quality 
posslbia eonsidaring tha condition and lagiblllty 
of tha original copy and in icaaping with tha 
filming contract spacif Icatlona. 



Original copiaa in printad papar covars ara filmad 
beginning with tha front cover and ending on 
the ieat page with a printed or illustrated imprea- 
slon, or the back cover when eppropriate. Ail 
other original copies are filmed beginning on the 
first page with a printed or illuatrated Impres- 
sion, and ending on the last page with a printed 
or Illuatrated impression. 



The last recorded freme on eech microfiche 
shall contain the symbol — i^- (meening "CON- 
TINUED"), or the symbol ▼ (meaning "END"), 
whichever applies. 



Les images sutvantes ont tt6 raproduites avac le 
plus grand soin, compta tenu de la condition at 
da la nettetA de I'exempleire filmA, et am 
conformity avac les conditions du corinr de 
fiimage. 

Les exemplaires originaux dont la couverture en 
papier est ImprimAe sent flimte en commen9ant 
par le premier plat et en terminant soit par la 
darnlAre page qui comporte une empreinte 
d'Impression ou d'illustration, soit par le second 
plat, salon le cas. Tous les autres exemplaires 
originaux sent filmte en commen^ant par la 
pramlAre pege qui comporte une empreinte 
d'Impression ou d'iilustrstion et en terminant par 
la darnlAre pege qui comporte une telle 
empreinte. 

Un des symboles suivants apparaltra sur la 
darnlAre image de cheque microfiche, selon le 
caa: la symbole — ^ signifie "A SUIVRE", le 
symbols ▼ signifie "FIN". 



Maps, plates, charta, etc., may be filmed at 
different reduction retlos. Those too large to be 
entirely included In one exposure are filmed 
beginning in the upper left hand corner, left to 
right and top to bottom, as many frames as 
required. The following diegrams lllustraiie the 
method: 



Les cartes, planches, tebleaux, etc., peuvent itre 
filmte A des taux de reduction diff Arents. 
Lorsque le document est trop grand pour Atre 
reproduit en un seul cllchA, 11 est fiimA A partir 
de Tangle supArieur gauche, de geuche A droite, 
et de heut en bas, en prenant le nombre 
d'imeges nAcessaire. Les diagrammes suivants 
iiluatrent la mAthode. 



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Lithographic Steam PEmTma 

AND 

Chkomo-Lithography. 



The Subscriliers beg leave to notHy their friends and the public that 
they have secured some of the beat ^RTiSTic and ^ngravinq Talbnt 
on this Continent, and are prepared to execute ^l^ontO-Xdithogljaph^ 
iu all its branches, including Portraits, Landscapes, Views of Buildii^s, 
Steamboats, Show Cards, Labels (io every style), Illustrations for Books, 
Periodicals, die. 

Having greatly increased their facilities for producing the very Jiest 
poMMBRCiAL ^ORK, and having added to their Printing Department one 
of the most improved Lithographic Steam Printing Presses, ihey are enaWed. 
to reduce the cost of Cheqiies, Notes, Bills of Exchange, Letter and Note 
Headings, Bill Heads, £lc., 6tc., to a small advance aa ordinary Printing-<-«t 
the same time guaranteeing a style of work not equalled in (he Pominionof 
Canada. 

They would also call the attei^tion of Bankers and Business m^n 
generally to the superiority, beauty and protection afforded by this class- Of 
work, as compared with Type Printiog. 

Druggists, Patent Meuidne Manu&cturers and others will find it' to 
their advantage to call before ordering elsewhere. 

Orders sent from toy part o^the Dominion will be executed with care 

and promptitude. 

» ■■.-•"■ 

Borland, Lafricain & Co. 

MoNTBBAL, tsi October, 1868. 



,.,'-*! 



■V :■«■ 



THE 



YEAR BOOK 



AND ALMANAC OF 



CANADA 



FOR 



1869; 



I 



BKING 



An Annual STATISTICAL ABSTRACT for the Dominion, 

AND 

A Rkcord of Legislation and op Public Men 

IN 

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. 




PvBLisHSiia— JOHN LOWE & Co., Montkbal. 
BonoK-ARTHUR HARVEY, F.S.S., &c, Ottawa. 



Chei^ Edithn^ ia| Cents. With Cover on Superior Paper^ 25 Cents. 



MONTREAL : 

Pmntbd bv Thb Montrbal Pkintinc and Publishino Company raoM otbksotvpbd Platbs. 



Stbrbotvpbd by C T. Palsgravb. 



Entered aooording to Act of the ^liament of Canada, in the year t868, by John Lows ft Co. 
in the Office of the Minister of Agriculture. 



Calmdar — Sunrise and Sunset, ana Moons Phages. 



yf- 



k> 



CALENDAR, 1869. 63189 



Average time of the Rising and Setting of the Sun'e upper limb, for the whole Dominion of Canada, 
cal culated to t he neaw»t min ute (rejecting the second^.) ■ 



JAfrVAl|T. 



Friday.... 
Saturday., 



SUNDAY.. 

Monday 

Tuesday.. .. 
Wednesday- 
Thursday.... 

Friday 

Saturday 



31 



n-^i.' 



(A« 



SUNDAY.. 

Monday.... 

Tuesday.... 

Wednesday.. 

Thursday... 

Friday 

Saturday.... 



SUNDAY . 
Monday ... . 
Tuesday.... 
Wednesday. 

Friday 

Saturday.. . . 



SUNDAY. 
Monday.... 
Tuesday.,.. 
Wednesday. 
Thursday... 

Friday. 

Saturday.... 

SUNDAY . 
Moiid>y-^<-- 
Tuesday.... 
Wednesday. 
Thursday... 
Friday 



Yr. 



Stm 
KUe$. 



h. m 
7 4» 
7 4» 



4» 
41 
4» 

4« 

4« 
4« 

40 

40 
40 
40 
39 
39 
39 
38 

37 
37 
36 
3S 
35 
34 
33 

3» 
3» 
S( 
30 

al 
a6 



7 "4 



Htut 
HeU. 



h. m. 
4 a6 
426 



FBBIiVARY. 



U.qf D V) ^" 



4 3*' 
4 3Si 

436,1 
4 37l| 
4 .39,1 
441 
4 43 ' 



^^ 

*8 

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I 
4 5S' 

4 S7 

500, 
SOI 

5 o» 
5 03 

3 04 



I 

a 
3 
4 
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6 

7 
8 

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II 

13 

14 
\l 

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19 

ao 

at 
aa 
«3 
'4 
as 
a6 

47 

L'a8 



YrAttitu. 



h. m. 



6S4 

6sa 
6 ^ 
6 48 
647 
64s 
643 



Sun 
net*. 



h.m. 



5.0s 

3 ofi 

S07 
508 

5 09 
S lol 

S la 
5 13 

' 'I 

* '2 

S '8 

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36 

38 



S 

s 
s 
s 

5 4a 
S 43 
5 44 



39 
41 



6 4aj S 45 



D.itfV.ttf 



MARCH*. 



M, 



Yr. 



60. 
61 
6a 
63 

64 
65 

66 

67 
68 
69 
70 

7« 
7a 

73 
74 
75 
76 

77 
78 
70 

80 
81 
8a 
83 
84 
85 
86 

«7 
88 
80 
90 



SUH 

Him. 



h.m. 



5 49 
546 
5 44 
5 4a 



SVH 

Htu. 



h.m. 



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47 
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54 
55 

56 
57 
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II 
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14 
16 

17 
18 

19 
30 



6 99)1 
6 94 
6 35 
6 96 



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D.o/ D.q/ 



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9 
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4 
5 
6 

7 

8 

9 
10 

II 

13 
13 
14 
15 

16 

17 

18 
19 

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33 

a3 
'4 

PS 

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39 
30 



Yr. 



Stm 
Kit*. 



h.m. 



91 
9a 
93 

9* 
95 
96 

I 

99 

100 

loi 

103 
103 
104 

los 
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108 

r'9 

IIQ 
III 
113 

"3 

114 
115 

it6 
117 
118 
119 

I30 



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516 

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501 

500 

4 



Am 
Seta. 



h. m. 



6 37 
6 39 
6 30 



MOON»S PHASES. 



JANUARY. 



Uai/i. 



i 

12 

20 
21 



Uoou'iPheut*. 



Last Quarter, 
New Soon.... 
FlHt Quarter, 
Full Mooi^..... 



ituntrtal. 



11. ID. 

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9W»m 
12 pm 
7 Ham 



gueftec. 



h.,m. 
13l4pm 
9 09 am 
17 p m 
7 20am 



ToroMo. 



h.m. 
1142 am 
8 37 am 
II 49 a m 
6 48am 



halifiix. 



FrtdexieUM 



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48pm 
7 51 p m 



h.m. 
12 33 pm 
9 Mam 
36pm 
7 39pm 



at J'n»S.b - 

h.m. 

1 Mpm 
MSSatft 

I 31pm 

8 38pm 



(AoWoMeCn 



h.m. 
12 47 p m 
9 42ani 
OSOpni 
7 63p>n 






»*BBRUARV. 



Dayt. 



3 
11 

19 
26 



ilomtt I'ha»e». 



Last Qnarter. 
New Stoon.... 
First Quarter. 
Full Moon 



Jfowtryf. 



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900am 
12 pm 
7 lOam 



Qiirtec^ 



h.m. 
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909am 
21pm 
7 19 am 



7\nvHto. 



II 33 am 
837am 
1149 am 
6 47 am 



HqWv. 



h.m. 
41pm 
9 40am 
S2pm 
7 SOam 



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h.m. 
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9 38am 
040pm 
7 38am 



h.m. 
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10 23 am 
1 36pm 
8 33am 



PkarbUet'M 



h.m. 
43 pm 
9 42am 
&4pm 
7 02 am 



§1 

P 

li 
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NrlAROH. 



m^. 



4 

12 

10 
27 



Mo(m'$ l'haie$. 



Last Onarter, 

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FInt Quarter. 
Full Moon 



Mcmtrtta. 



h.m, 

353am 
I ootm 
4 39pm 



Qmbtc. 



IbroMo. 



h.m. 
A S8am 
4 01 am 
109ain 
4 48pm 



b.m. 
2(am 

3 39am 
37am 

4 18 pm 



UaiHtkt. 



h.m. 
I 39 am 
4 32am 
I 40am 
6 19 pro 



fVederictm 



StJ'mN.F 



h.ro. 
1 17am 

430aiK 
1 28am 
6 oy.pin. 



b.in. 
2 12 am 
4 lAam 
2 23am 
7 rapm 



Charluttet'H 



h.m. 
1 31am 
4 31 a lu 
1 42am 
6 21 pm 



II 



TSiF- 



3 

I 



MeoH'il^iam: 



Laat Qnarter. 
New Soon... 
FlrstQuarter' 
Full noon 



JAmtmal. 



3Mpm 

9Q9pm 

10 13am 

1 3Tam 



QMbte. 
h.m. 
4 OSpm 
91ipm 
10 21 a m 
1 SGam 



Ai>mi~ 



Tanmto. 



h. m, 
3 31pm 
830pm 
9 49 am 
1 Oiam 



/faWig. 



h.m. 
4 34 p m. 
9 4»pm 
10 52ai& 
807am 



FrtOerielmt StJ'iu y.f]CharleaerH 



h.m.; 
422pm 
9 S3pu 
10 40am 
1 Mam 



h.m./ 
6 17 pm 

10 38 pm 

11 a!i%m 
2S0am 



h. m< 


4 36pm 


9 47pm 


lOMam 


2tt>am 



2>.« 


i 


m7 


■•—■ 


I 


Sa 


a 


SI 


1 


M( 


4 


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5 


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Sa 


9 


SU 


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II 


Tu 



19 

>3 
«4 
>5 

16 

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90 

91 
99 

'3 
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"5 

96 



3» 
31 



DaH'. 



3 
11 
14 
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/*»</« 



16 
23 


E 


1 


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19 

21 

31 


La 

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14 
21 
39 


Fu 
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n of Canada, 



PWI" 



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h. in. 



5 4« 
S 39 
S 37 



Am 
Ii,m. 



6 37 
6 34 
6 30 



S "3 

S a« 

5 '2 

»*! 

5 16 
5 «S 
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5 «» 

506 

SOS 

503 
SOI 

5 00 

458 

456 

4S4 

4 3«l 



6 38 
6 40 
6 4* 
643 
644 
64s 
6 46 

647 
6 48 
6 50 
6 S' 
6 53 
6S4 
655 



koWotM'tt 



, m. 
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42 a pi 
fiopni 
S3pm 



<a4 



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ii 


i.m. 


I43pm 


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1 42a m 


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<o-- 



ImrUMett 



I. nil 
1 36pin 
M7pm 
} Man> 
2(l»am 



tatmOai • ^i»/*« mit unu Auun/t, and MoorCs Phases. 



3 



Avaraga tina of tha Riaing aMl Vatliag tit tba Sun'i uppar limb, for tha whola Dominion of Canada, 
caleulatad to tha naaraat miauta (raJactinK tba aacondi.) 



HAT. 






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Satarday.... 

SUNDAY.. 

MontUy 

TitciaMy 

Wadnasdajr.. 
ThundaV.... 

Friday 

SatnnUy..... 

SUNDAV.. 

Monday 

Tuasday.... 

Wednaaday.. 

Thuraday.... 

Friday 

Saturday 

SUNDAY . 
Monday ... . 
Tuesday. . . . . 
Wednesday. . 
Thursday.... 

Friday 

Saturday.. ■ . . 

SUNDAY.. 

Monday 

Tuasday 

Wednesday.. 
Thuraday... 

Friday. 

Saturday.... 

SUNDAY .. 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday.. 
Thursday.... 

Friday. 

Saturday 

SUNDAY.,, 

Monday 

Tuesday 



%: 



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134 
135 

136 

138 

>39 
140 
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449 



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7 35 
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163 
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310 
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30 
30 

31 
21 

33 

a4 
as 

a6 
37 

38 

39 

a9 
3° 
3« 

3a 
33 
34 

ii 

37 

38 



Sm 

Sett. 



h. m, 



7 S3 

7 83 
7 S3 



S3 

S3 
sa 
sa 
sa 

3« 
S» 

50 
SO 
■^9 
49 
48 
47 
46 

45 
45 

44 
43 
4a 
4' 
40 

39 
38 
37 
37 
T« 
35 
34 



AVOVBT. 



D.ttf 
Jl. 



D.q/ 
Ir 



ai3 
a«4 
315 

316 

l\l 
319 

330 
331 
333 
333 
334 

a35 

336 

339 

330 
331 

"3» 

a33 

a34 

"35 

a3ft| S 
5 
5 
5 



838 
a39 
340 5 



a4» 
a4a 

843 



Uiitt. 



h. ni. 



40 
4a 

43 

% 

4 49 



516 
S «7 
S >9 



Aw 
All. 



7 3a 

7 as 
7 84 



$9 700 

00 7 08 
7oy 
7 OS 

03 7 03 

OA 7 01 

06 6 J9 

oS 65t 

09 696 

10 6s4 

11 65s 
18 6 51 

13 649 

14 ft 47 



645 
643 
648 



MOON'S PHASES. 



Daiiii. 



3 
II 

25 



3foim'» fhtan. 



Last Qnarter, 
New Moon.... 
rintaaarter. 
FriH Moon 



tfmtr^ot. 



Em. 
84aam 
U 18am 
48ftpin 
10 Warn 



i^gr 



b.m. 
A Aftam 
II Mam 
4 44 p ni 
losaam 



TaroKtoi' 



MAV. 



h.m. 
• aSan 
10 Mam 
liapffl 
lOOeam 



Uidf^. 



h.m. 
• aftam 
IIMam 
ft Upm 
1109am 



AVnkrtclon 



h.m. 

9 14am 
11 40am 
a03pm 

10 S7 a m 



M.y'wt if, *', rhitrhlttrn 



h.m. 

10 09 am 
oaipm 
5Mpm 

11 fta a m 



•; lU. 

i 'Jmm 
11 lam 

s 17 pm 
11 Ham 



5f 



liaim 



1 

9 
16 
23 



JUOKw'n I'^atrs. 



UpHtrml. I jj[| 



LAt Qqartar. 
S^w Soon,... 
Flhit quarter, 
Fill! Soon 



b.m, 

aajfam 

losspm 

vaipro 

a44pm 



i).m. 
a*8»m 
iitTpm 
vsopm 
>Mpm 



JUNtl. 



'jnroiUb, 



h, m. 
aA4an 
loaspitt 
• SApm 
iaipm 



iJOWM). 



tl. 

807am 

iiaapm 
10 01 p m 
• aipm 



h.m. 
aooam 
11 asp m 
• 49pm 
9 lapm 



StJ'ni A .fU •hnr/oM'n 



h.m. 
aaoam 
031am 
10 44 p m 
10 07 pm 



U. lU. 

30»am 
1140pm 
10 03 p m 
oaopm 



<th< 



Day*. 



1 

9 
15 
23 
31 



MoBnetPhami. 



Laat QnartlBr, 

New Moon..., 
First Quarter, 
Fwll Moon,... 
Last Qaarttr 



JfoNlTMl, 



h.ro, 

foapm 

844a9i 

OOOaKi 
18pm 



CmIPM* 



h,m. 
aoaam 

nil 



_£WUV 



^SSSSSi 



ha IB* 

iSfam 
n40am 



»i»li^. 



ITm. 

saapm 

t40«m 
Aaam 



h. m.-- 

saopm 

Oaoam 
040am 



StJ'tuff.F 



h. m. 
9 I6pm 
10 07 a m 
8 16 am 
10 28 a m 
185am 



Charhuetn 



h.m. 
834pm 
oaoam 
335am 
9 43am 
Mam 



IS 



iS^ 



Dam. 



7 
14 
31 
39 



Moo»'* Pham, 



Firsiaaai^. 
Fallaoon,..!. 
Qoaner. 



iKawa: 




qwirW. 



h,m.i : 
• npA 
TMam 
liaipm 



AOOO»'r. 

.1 TmvM. I ItnHf^- j'^xfcrfefom.St.rM/y.fteH uito m f a 



nTmT 

1107pm 
8 4l*m 



h.m,' 
ftMpm, 
|t7«m. 
tOam, 
S44a& 



ii. tu. 
A 48 p to 
8 lAam 
iiAHpm 

3 88 am 



h. m. 

ASam 
4 37 am 



h.m. 

AAApLin 

saAaS 

Oiaam 

34Aam 



n 
ft 



CaAmUtr — Sunrist tmi StmsHt and Mootfs ^aui. 






of Um RWng and 8«ttia( of dw Saa'tappmr Uabt fer 
ctlcuktad to the BMiMl mfawto (r^(«etiag the 



UiiAt fer Um whole DdnOirfM 



) 



V 



3 
4 

2 
i 

9 

J? 

•a 
S3 
«4 

«9 

so 
ai 
as 
«3 
«4 



WadaMdar. 
Tharaday.. 



«••< 
^ 



^:ir 



oay— • . 
unay... 



SUNDAY.. 
Monday 



sss- 



adnosday.. 
Thanday.... 
Fridajr..:... 
Sataiday....^ 

SUNDAY. 
Monday.... 

TnaKby.... 

Wadaotday., 
Thufaday... 
Friday...... 

Satarday..... 



SUNDAY.. 

£35"::; 

WadaoMlay.. 
Thanday. 



SI7NDAY.. 

Monday 

Toaaday 

Wadaeaday.. 
Thufaday.... 

Fiidnr. 

Bjtfanaay..... 

SUNDAY... 
tonday 



Vi&. 



M4 

«| 

•47 

MS 

M9 
aso 

»5« 
»S« 
>53 
aS4 

:s 

aS9 
ate 
a6i 

a6a 

a 

»«9 

970 

ari 
ara 

•73 



k.m. 
S 
S aa 
S as 
S as 

Sa« 

IS 

5 30 

5 31 
5 33 
534 

5 35 
53« 

IS 

5 39 
5 
5 41 

54a 
544 

IS 
Vi 

5 49 

5 50 
5 5* 
5 53 
5 54 
5 55 



-Ss. 



18 

16 

«4 
la 
II 

09 
07 

04 
oa 
00 
59 
57 
55 
53 

S> 

49 
47 
45 



O0TOBBm« VOVBMBBll* 



^rMAi 



•74 

■75 

•7« 

s: 

aSi 
aSa 

aSa 
084 

aT 
aft 

% 
a89 

a90 

a9i 
«9« 
*93 
•94 
■95 
"96 

^ 

•99 
300 

301 
30a 

303 

304 



h.M. 



li 



ot 
oa 
03 
•5 

09 

II 
>3 
«4 
15 

:; 

ao 
ai 
aa 
•3 

'al 



a8 

3^ 
31 
3a 

i 

38 

6 39 



& 



h.aa. 



5 43 
S4> 



5a6 
5 a4 
5 aa 

>'1 

5 16 
5 >4 

5 13 
5 " 
5 «o 
508 
506 
505 
503 

50a 
5 

4 59 

IS 
4 50 

4 53 

4 50 

4 49 



^4 



*. 



9li^ 



13 
309 

310 

311 
Sia 
313 
314 

316 
3«7 

318 

3<9 
3ao 
3ai 
3aa 
3>3 
3a4 

3*S 

3a6 

13 

319 
330 
331 

33a 
333 



I1.D1, 



40 
4a 
43 

47 

49 
50 
51 
5a 

I 

S8 

59 
01 

03 
<»4 

O] 



09 

10 

II 

13 

»4 

w 

18 

»9 



D,i 



k.M. 



DBOBMBBB. 



J 



4 4« 
4 45 
444 
4 43 
4 4« 

4 40| 

'? 

4 3« 
4 34 
4 33 
4 3* 



4 

4a6 
4 as 
AH 

4 as 
4a3 

4aa 
4 ai 
4 ao 
419 
4 19 

419 

4ii 



'W. 



339 
340 
34> 
34» 
343 
344 
345 

346 

IS 

349 
350 
3S> 
35a 

353 

354 



3'Z 
3S8 

359 
360 

365 



Sm. 



7 "i 
7»3 
7 »4 
7^5 

',i 
;3 

7 •9 

7 31 
7 3> 

7 33 
7 34 

;i2 

7 38 



39 

40 
40 



7 4* 
7 41 
7 4a 
7 4a 
7 43 
7 43 



MOON'S PHASES. 



•<(. 



I! 




ITm. 
1 Mam 
4»pm 
84T»m 
4 15 pm 



<tmlmo. 



h.m. 

ia«m 

4aspm 

SMpm 

4»«pm 



Ibroato. 



nam 
44Mpm 
SMpm 
»ftlpm 



TSWST 



h.m. 
ISSam 
5Wpm 
497pm 
4 Mpm 



aUfmit.^ 



h.m. 
141 am 
4 a7pm 
4 lApm 
448pm 



h. m. 
aasam 
5S5pm 
5 10 pm 
8a»pm 



li.n. 
I uam 
6 llpm 
4»p 
4WP 



m 









Utuifnaml 



Kaw Moon^.. 
rinUhiutar. 
Fall MooBm... 
Laat Qaartar. 



h.m. 

935am 

ftWam 

9e8am 

340am 



Qmbie, 



h. in. 

9Mam 

OlTam 

OMam 

a«Oam 






900am 
i40am 
.40am 
ilTam 



fitmintc* 



lOOOAm 
oaam 
94Sam 
430am 



li.m. h. m. h. m. 

• flSam 10 48am I007am 
5 80am 31am OMam 

• Slam 1090am OMam 
400am OflOam 498am 



NOvaK«a«Pt. 



8 

to 
u 



Jtoon't naiS^ 



Hew MOOB..M 
FlntQnafter. 
fall maon..^. 
LaatQaMTtw. 



m. 

40pm 
10 01 p m 
991am 
1 90pm 



Qm i e e . 



h.m. 
149 p 
lOlOp 



9 8Sam 
19»pm 



TtmUo. 



Ii.ni. 

inSm 

Wpm 



yji^ 



tLm. 
^790pm 
10 01 p m 
SOtam 
900pm 



PTWIMBtteUM 



ii.m. 
7 oopm 
lOaOpm 

148pm 



^tLfatV-MtiarlcKk^ 



\.m. 
• 08pm 
II slam 
S47am 
94Spm 



Vapm 
in 83pm 
SOOan 
9n8pm 



Hi 



o«ocA4aau«. 



^s^^^E^^hSShSSSi 




h.m. 
OITpm 



«»*«»■ 



liim. 

OMam 

09|pm 

75pm 

040pm 



Tartm. 



b.m. 

ooiam 

o5{m 
• Mpm 



jUufyx* 



h.m. 
Oram 

oorpm 

T 88pm 
10 Mpm 



h.m. 

OMam 

040pm 

791pm 

MOrflm 



%Jm ir.ht!l vul $m ^ 



tkOI. 

7loam 

OM^m 
II OOP m 



U.1U. 



osam 

7 9pm 
M9lpm 



n 



oTCMMik 



7S» 



J* 7 ^- ' 



IS0|T4»I 



1.10. " 



1 KVam 
ftllpm 




THE CALENDAR. 



tuwmPAMi 







m inavMi 



I* kM f^JMki Ml MMtlM klk 



JMilMMi villi |2 MMUiMMiCfM^!tfil#lS« 



Jms* 










JKmrrm 



fmw Aa» MoriAMUi nMM OB ritnfAUi AntTiMAUM, *«., *e. 




•••••••■•••••••• *••••••#••< 



:'"?f^ 



• ••••••••••■••••.••••••••••••• 



ft£S£b^'.' 

ABMMMMIOtt| MMQr JM^ * •■••■•••••••••••• 



9* ■VJHSV* ••••••••••••••••■■•••••••••••••• • 



8m wMICSt ■•*•«•••#••■ 

mOIMMB wmmmt ■•••• 

AiinriMDMr.lIolrl 
FMi>iiQH,1Tlb ■iS^i 



•«••••■•• 






I vMIOllBa* 






■■M^^^ By V DAT* •••••• t ••••• f ••*••••• 1 ■ • 

AOVMUMt|r •••••••••■•••••••••• 

aaa*a**«a**«a»aaaaa»«*a 

_ . Tkiiniaj* 

■ttft^Sy Aaaa*** taat -ti 

ThajrtMraMOof tlMJawlibata •eanMajMM 



„ vMU* •••••••••••••••••••• ^f ^ 

_^'«|a«aaia«««aaaaa*a*a»*«*«**« -jlOTWiW B J 
W WUM •••aaaaa«a«**»«a*aaaa ^B I 

' te AvVflH*« •••••• •••••••••• 



'W « a «_# « ••••aaaaaa«««**««*<>< g 

aaaaaaa«***«a*a***«* ^B 

be«« Canada. TiuakitMar ar 



Da)r,Q«a«VrMa7,Bari 

»aaanMaaMaBlarte«batl,ltN. iMuteKaoathaf abrtlacasaobMrntfer i 






iLj aa to au yiartava aUaaaa. 
iMI Jwitaaiai, tka Mtaiaaaaa an aaavanUTalr aatkiaRb 
aTfw* batwaaaTanMtaUlMastftmaBontli-wtatal^) 



ailyiNaMjilBtrtaa. 



ia«o aM,tliat«liaauiwi|ia 

la tiMM It vtUalM.Jolm'a, ma. 9m 
at Taiwito tkaa It wUl •» 81. JoliiMi, 
wtimatm latar atTonntatkaaaf 



:^ 



Bi aitH H a l j Lw u i ioiii 

Halllai, St. laiuk, «.■., «w«iiHa aowb mm ■ 

ioaha ua a a . abaat tha tiaa al tha Taiaal ,. 
tottaMootkaf JMunraaAJaaa tbamatttt -—^., 

jSS!e»roruWi^^ tto 

Ui»mk$iV»i»f m m mm t batwaw tha rlauiiiih aatttog t4 Umtn at tSwrta uIKJ^'; VM. 
awnaawt t aMartbaM t aawaaaaa half mlaittaf aJaWjiaaMwa, M iMitaiaiMavt te tha aMaai 
(NiatlMaaaofllat^aBdfcptambarta thabaitaMiwal Ji|MiMJaoaafr« Oar MMMt taUa itTai 
thavatlMadaMa. ThMfaeaaba aa AOmUr \yi Mjr UiMUimtMnaB althar atTonnto orSt. Joha'a,irflaM.ta 
MtteaUafUMdUrHaaMam maUa«thaiM-«i».ff MlawaMtauioiiaitaffttaa affMslmaUoa to thatnwtlMaaf 
tha tlibff and aattiaff ca tha Mu. 

MMMM, im. 

Ik tha yiMr IM»th«a wlU ba two lalipiia a( tha Iw, aM two al tha MOOli. 

l£-AvaitlataaU|aaotthaMoo».JannM7W,IMVt?MMaatOManwMi| isvWbta to OHuda. 
In imthmi htmlnih My** *^ *"*' ^"^"^ **'"' >N*|lBfMiiia at Oiaanwioh i InHdblain 

*f^^ BMtlSaSSlM «(aa MOOX, Jal7 IMI^ MM ■ rMUa at OfMiwMit tavMbU in 

IT.-1Vif£adipta o< tha 8nv, Aoffw* V IIW 7 tevtalbla atOiaaaiHS i latMbU la 



Oanada. 



.(janoanr H 




jgiwttM CAtwPA» po« m»i 



^^ lit " 'aMraatafBMMt. 

U " K PnHm. 
— M^".. «IP«»taai>«ahan. 
iniaw.... Kaiah U 
3>»»W^ ir.«fta*twoda^o<ftaiprir. 

. » nlMAirtu k,i UMtwaaiviotPHMm. 

lynr. " II, II 

'KyL/' l%\Q*HakafWailB. 
^ mi 



..linnttwoa»ys< 
ItJ " M RMaansjUte. 



UJidy MffHt. DtatrMtlMottkaliMiaik 

•,7[^Ta«>^«Mai 

IfMtolOadaaUih. 

II, II ftnttwoaaysof 



ah 



1 






Tki Cmsut. 



I&V I 



NOTES ON THE CENSUS. 

Tha following tabic ihom thepopaUtion of iIm Provinott comiHMlni th* Dominion of Canada a* 
it was at tha tima of tha Canaua oTiMi, and a* it ia aspactad to ba aach yaar until 1871 :— 



Pfovincaai 



OaUrio 

Quabac 

Maw Bruniwick.c 
Movn Scotia 



rorm-ATiow iw jAN'av i86i. 



MALia. raMALM. TOTAL. 



7a5.57S 

3671864 

«»9.94" 

165. S84 



670,316 

S43.7o» 
ita,099 

163. »73 



ThaDominion I ».SWt97i »»3oi.y»> I 3,09P»86i || 4,oo9.S»6 4.143 o w 4t»<3»'»l 



«■ 396,091 

1.111,366 

»S»i047 

il«>>8S7 



IXriCTBO rOrULATIOM IN 



JAH'\ 



1869 



1.961,067 
1.334.067 

ji9,oa7 

383.363 



1870 



».047,3}4 

1.387,884 

3i».39» 

3>9.343 



1871 



3.136,108 

1.433,146 

3»7.»oo 

396.449 



Thaaa ficurat were given in tha Year Book for i868|(to which, and to that for ib wa rafor for 
wwh detailed information raipecting tha Canaua 01^ tha Dominion) and have cdlad faetk jraat deal 
«f corraepondance. They are avowedly baaed upon tha annual rate of prograaa of etnii Pr o vi n ea 
batween the laet two Ceniua, and many penooa have written to the editor to axprato tbair donhl 
wlMther that rate haa reallv been maintained. Tha aul{iact had received much tamifiit kefoia any 
flniaa ware pubUibed, and aubaequent reflection and enquiry have conflrmed tlie belier in tnafr gaaa- 
m accnncy. It ia true that there haa bean, ainoa 1S61, aoraa amigntioa to tha United Stetea, bat 
•■ tha other hand thera haa been a largo immigration thence, iucn mavamawte baini tha mara ax- 
•hanaa of population natural to contanninoua countriea. It ia alio true that our nudn inaa of rAilwav 
waiaDuilt, and that the immigration conaaquaat thereupon occuriad befim «86i, bat the agricultural, 
commercial and numufocturing intereeta they have creat^ have grown up aince then, ana a numbar 
•f amall lines, in all parte of tfia Dcminion, have alto been quite lately constructed. There is oeas*. 
fnently little doubt in tha mind of tha writer that tha rata of progress of the past decade haa bean 



aaintiAnad in the present. The annual rata, it may ba repeated, waa 4.34 per cent, in Ontafie, 
e per cent, iu Quebec, a.6o per cent, in New Brunswick and 1.83 per cent, in Nova Scotia. 
when we compare thadifleranca between the natural increase of tha popuhitionhere and in Europoaa 



Countries, wa shall cease to wonder at the rapid progress of this continent. In the censua ytar i86t, 
AaMloiraig ware the birtha and deatha in tha several Provinces, aa given in the tables ^— 

Births. Deaths. 

' Onterio » ... 53i>78 

Quebec 40,788 

Mew Brunswick.. . « 8,73t 

Nova Scotia 10,336 

««».9a3 3».«ST 

Continuing a table deduced by Mr. Samuel Brown, F.S.S., from M. Quetelet's figures we have tha 
Mkfwing taUa of fecundity and mortality for Knropean coontnes and our own :— 




10,000 



ndity— ! 
of the] 



population. 



Franca 

Oracce. 

Belgium 

Uttover 

England. ••■ 

Bavaria. 

Sweden. 

Matherlanda. 
Denmark. . . . 

Korway 

Portugal 

Spain 

Austria 

Fraasia 

Smnny •' 



Ontario 

Quebec 

Ilcfw Brunswick.. 
]f ova Scotia. 



The Dominion. 



The United States.. 



Census year. 



356 
396 
397 
3*« 
34« 
34> 
334 
3S> 
34a 
356 
358 

% 



381 

346 
309 



Jb. 



33» 



Average of 
year*. 



303 
304 
333 

3»5 

3»7 
3*9 
33* 

330 
366 

36 



4«» 

4«s 



Mortality— Deaths to 
10,000 of >he population. 



Cen«u,ear.,A^^Qr 



309 
3 to 

30S 

334 
311 

363 

«75 
313 
317 

iS 
S67 
373 

a69 

y>3 



7« 

«»7 

94 

JiL 



33* 

336 
337 

3IO 
381 
310 

"47 

314 

«7» 
376 

v& 

»t8 



Ratio ' 



Births 



Deaths 



I. II 
1,38 
>>34 
*>34 

1,16 

hSS 

1,33 

<>33 
>i93 
«.7a 

«.33 

<>34 

•Ok 

Js£. 



Incrbasr— 
Births 



Deaths. 



?3 



>1 

77 

113 

.1^ 
80 

>S 

«S9 

»S<» 

90 

94 

136 

>34 

113 



S«a3 

3*65 



J£Z2- 



«t6y 



310 
330 



307 



Of coone these figaiea an conaideraUy inflnenoed ter tha eminabon which lavaa Europe fbr 
America, triiich beinruaiMllT of people in the prime of Uat.aweUaOia births, rate hero macl^ ^ooner 
^U» death rate^But after i£al^ aU aDorancea for this, and for P<M^j6 baonrMiM m^ertr 
IS. tha infloance lemains. that thenatnral iocnaaa of the ncvdittUm of the.Doinin K» jy One yf Oie 
^d in the world ; a oondiisiOB nofeovtr aticnpthanedliy elabannte aw^^ 
te^t^o repeat iMM. Ndrneedwe wonder at^Uni. The pecewriM of hfc (lire i^dmM* !*• 



Magtnvi 
ttnggm 



for mStaace ia not yet aidnoaa,; drfldien an tfaerafon a 



ntfaer 




Tki CuMts. 



m we hart the 




10 their pwtatti and the cUmeta boiac doubtleea laiubrioaa in the eitramai the iaciaaae a< papdMioa 
ie aot MibJKt'ko the auay checiw which beiet it in European couairWt. 

In proof of how IHtle crowded are the provincaa coaipocUig the Doahtion, we give the fnllowhg 
table, Mowiag the extent of laod to each iahaUiaDt in European coMBlriea and in our*. Accordkif to 
the retolntiou of Araquent atatitiical odhgreiaea, the metric liectara< 1^7 of an English acre) it uaed as 
the common measure of surfkce :— 



Countries. 



Kussia in Europe 

Austria 

France. 1 

Great Britain and Ireland. 

Italy 

Piuuia 

Spain 

BlivaHa 

Belgium 

Swedan 

Portugal.... 

Netherlands 

Roman Stats*. 

Denauurk 

SwitaerUmd 

Saaony 

HaMven 

Wnnembvig 

Ndiway 

OreMe 

Snce Meningen 

aBi» Ahenburg. 

SazeGotha 

Saxe Cobourg 



Population, 

in tne centus 

year 

1,000 s 



Ontario. 
Q^bec.. 
N^ Brunswick. 



Kova Scptiit. 
nMDomlnion.. 



iThe United Sutesf. 



39.300 
37.451 
37.3» 
a9,jai 
a'.777 
iB.49i 
«5.ej9 
41690 

3.693 
3«*93 
3i"4 
3,605 
s,Sio 

1,888 

i,7Ji 

1.49* 

«.097 

17a 

»S? 

lis 

JO. 



Extstit in 
Hectares 

1,000 s 



».39!> 
1,111 



J£32. 



«»'443 



4773ir 
66,si8 
S3.o?t 
3«.7»9 

tarn* 

a8.95S 

S«.704 
7.56$ 
a,9«6 

3.SS4 

t& 

4.«4a 

«,94S 
31,83a 

•aa 



Females 

tu 

i.ooo Malee. 



I Extent in 
Hectares to 

' 1.000 
inhabitants. 



3»,4o6 

S4.19S 

7,oao 

4'»??. 



JZi^iL 



444.S»a 



i,oao 
1,004 
1,001 

"21 
1,007 
i,oao 
i,oa6 
994 
«iC59 

1,038 

9S3 

1,009 
1,031 

».<»44 
1,001 

».«>7S 
1,040 

933 
».«47 
1.03a 
«.047 



9«4 
757 
91 



.215. 



J2L 



8,030 
«.77<» 
>i4i> 
1, 08a 
1,191 
i.SM 
3««44 
|.*I3 
630 

»«.944 
a.3M 

1.3^ 
*74 

».«3y 

1,130 

>i>3«3 
4.>4a 
>i309 

??* 
i,a6a 

1.168 



aa,joe 

49.000 
a7,8oo 



31.601 



14.100 _ 



In the abore table Is also given a statement of the proportion of females and males. In old countries, 
as is well known,the females are the more numerous >the proportion in a!l Europe being 1,013 Amales 
to ifooo malee. In new countries, the reverse is the case, owing, we think, principally to the fl^t that 
it la the men who emigrate., leaving the women, at least for a time, behind them.) Strangely enonglL 
though, and physiologuu may examine ite causae, the iufewing disproportionate nnmbers of the sSm 
qipear to have been bom in tne Dominion in the census year :— 



Maltp... 
Female*. 



Ontario. 
"7.301 
»5'»77 



Quebec 

*o,957 
19.831 



TR 



N Brunawick. 
f 4.5»« 
4.aoo 



Nova Scotia. 
5.140 
5.«oa 



"Ktir 
57.9<9 
53.018 



Under the new political system of the Dominion, population has a great influence on the relative 

Klitical power of the Province* composing it, and tne more rapid the increase of the population of any 
ovtnce, the greater its influence in the Parliament at Ottawa will be. 

We show in the following table the number of member* of the House of Commons and the propor- 
tionate influence eaeh Province now has, and contrast it with what the number and proportionate 
influence are expected to be after 187 1 :— 



181 



Members 
now. 


Proportionate 
influence. 


8a 

65 
»S 

19 


45.3 
lOkS 



100,0 



.Ontario, 
ibec. 



«ew Brunswick. 
•Nova Scotia . . . 



..The Dominion. 



Members 
after 1871. 



63 



196 



Proportionate 
influence. 



30,0 

33iS 

7,6 



100,0 



This change within 10 years is quite sufficiently rapid for those holding conservative views, but hi 
the foture, it may be even mora so. A singular table of the fluctuation of the rapresentation of the 
United States in the House of Representatives has been compiled, and shows that Virginia, first ia 

rlvania, 
Ohio 




* Ths SMS o( tiM DomlaloB, in sqiaaTC inilM, 1* now t 

Ontario (ssttmsSsd) III,ljl0.qwiw«iUs. 

Qnabea IIOjOW " " 

aSySmiswiek :; W.WJ •;. :; 

Normasotia. " IMH " " 



Addlar tka sms of rriao* Edward UlMd 
t.100 aqiiara mllti, K«wfonndlaBd, «0.m. ]M> 

Idaad 10.000} and Lalmlm, thriiidaoa'* Bar 
•ad North Watt tirritoriM, aa^ *,7ao,000 aaiMn 
mUaa, we duUhsTe a totalfet BrMah Xerth 
Amariae of MO*,MS atoara tallaa. 



tTh* » aiaao n1 y,netthat*ti l (erlaa,aaBare«nanaoflM». 

tOB>a<Mg4l«"alUnjiaaaMiaaii''wV>asrtv*dlnthe1T>itt*dBUtiabatwa«nlM> sad IMO, both indaatf«k 
UTMOawmaSMaadlmtlpiiMfMnalaa. Tbe*«io<tha(Mnaiain«4».V»waaao*atatet. 
I Aaaiiaaad, tbe onianafntlTsirBriiiieiiliit nnl fltrlffliiffwalinifmin famaliaTinm 



8 



The Census, 



which first aptwaradaoMmf tilt SutM in tiMCtuas of iSoo; aad by (4) IlKaoia, which anpMrtd ibr 
the first time, and was then iMt bat one, in itio. Who can tell what will be thereutivepoeitionofowr 
km Prorincis half a ctntwrjr hencii or how many fidr new onee may be added to onr toll } Some 
may say " let another generation see to that," but the writer cannot but hold that it is onr duty to 
befin that care at present, and to attract by Judicious politidl moasuree that emigratioa triiich is tha 
duef source of the progress and the civilintion of the new world. 

The increase of pc^ufauion has also an important bearing on the pnUic finances. For a country 
Hke France, with a stationarr population, it is in the highest degree dangerous to increase the public 
debt by unproductive expenditures. In a country Uke us United StatM, with an increasing pop^- 
tion, such an enormous increase as that caused by the late civil war win be easily bearable in a few 
yran, if onlv the debt can be patiently supported without augmenting it lor so hmg. It is in fiwt 
principally due to the increase of population in the Dominion that the P r ov in ces have been able to 
bear, without severe pressurs, the large increase b their debts, which they have incnired duriiig the 
past twenty years. 

The Dominion commenced its career on the tst July, 1867, with a debt of 177,300,000^ (see 
Pinsr B»«k for 186S, page s8>) with a population of about 3,800,000 souls, or Sao. 39 per head. The 
annual increase of population being now about 140^000^ it Allows that we can, without uving a heavier 
burden of debt to bear than we had then, increase our liabilities byfa,856,oeo/^MMNMH; which, by 
the way, there is no doubt whatever we shall do for some time to come. 

The origm, creed and occupations of the people of the Dominion are investigated at some length 
in previous volumes of the Ytar itptk. We briefly recapitulate the statements made : the numbers 
being for the census year x86i .— 



Origim. 



Bora in the Dominion 3,430^634 

Bon oait.of.the,Dpmiiiion- ^VhVXI 



Natives of French origin....' 9a6t466 

Natives of other origins 1,304,168 

Bom in Engbmd and Wales. i3ek83s 

" Ireland JR,£> 

" Scothukl 133,690 

" other countries m. ib>iMS 



3,090,361 

Cntd. 



3,090,361 



Roman Catholics i«37*«9i3 

Presbyterians 47I1946 

Anglicans 463,37s 

WMleyans and Methodists 43t>9S4 

Baptists. 189,080 

Lutherans 39,631 



Congrsgationalists < 

Miscellaneous Cr e e d s T^iyi 

Of no religion 18,860 

No creed stated 16^681 



a?" 



3,090,361 



Octmfmtiona, 



Farmers owning land, including their 

adiilt sons 450,000 

Laborers on&rms 100,000 

Lumberera, &c 40,000 

Laborert in cities, &c, male and female 30,000 
Mechanics of all kinds, including Semps- 
tresses, &C 300.000 



Traders, Storekeepen, ftc . • 60^000 

Fishermen and Mariners. 30,000 

Professional i^oeo 

Servants and Misoellaneoos 33,oao 



1,000^000 



• Th« manidiwl oMuiu of Ontario, takanlait tall by thamaniu^ MMHon, beiiif tha lint, aadthwafoN la 
raaay nq^vou luaooatata, alKnild nvrarthalwa ba alludad to here. It enumentea SOO,u(lo tatapayeni. There are car- 
tainljr more than fire, probably moia than aix, paiaona to eaeh cnnmeratbd ratepayer thronchont the Prorlnee. The 
latter flmre would gire 1 ,8^0, ^. 00 aoule In Ontario In I VSI, whioh la probably not far from the truth. ▲ munieipal 
eeniUi u alwajr* tax below the truth In matter* rolatin j to property, owing to the eeaeral bat abaunl rdnetanoe of 
people to glre the aneMora eomot Oguree, and to the numaiona omlieiona which the aaeieon' etatementa aim' at 
InTariably ahow. The fblowia* flgnm, wUeh we oollata with thoee of the oenana of 1861, muit, therefore, be taken 
with lome qnalUloation :— 



CattU. 



Sheep. 



Hog*. 



Bonn*. 



Oenmeot IMl 
Municipal 



of 1807.. 



1,015,000 
W0,OM 



1,179,000 
1,8«>,000 



776,000 
•M.OOO 



380,00) 

aw,ooo 



Dog*. 



IOOaWD 



It U to be hoped that the municipal anthoritiea in Qncbeo will hereafter pay more attention than Uunr hare yet 
done to their mnnicipal etatiatiaa. ; and that municipal organiiatlon will progreea In NoTa Sootia cad Kew BnuuwMk, 
from whioh pcoTinoa* it la now almoatlmpoMlble to gather any trustworthy datatla. 



-«. h- 



,«•' 



m. 


Do«fc 


M 


■ iooiwi" 



Our Boundaria, 



9 



OUR BOUNDARIES. 



Xothlag hM ooenmd ilnM Vbm pabUektlon of the iHi Tmr Bttk ta rail Ibr mug Authar ranaika 
OB tba gUMrai nitjMt of ** Oar Bonndarlei** Omb thoM to be ftowtd In pifM 41 to «T tiMn. 

Tlia qoMtlon at to tho bouMUor of tka Unltad Stataa tetwaan yaneonTar UUnd and tho mala- 
land, and the qnaatloB aa to the Bvdaon'a Bajr Oompaay'a rl^ta are aa yet naaattlad. 

The aorreapondaBce reapeetlnf a aligbt dlfflcnlty with Mewftmndhnd, aa to JnrladletlOBa over 
Wood Iaiand,or Ue as BoU, on the ooaat of Labrador, haa, howoTar. been pabiiahed, of whloh we 
BUl^olBthe Biaterial portlona:— 

atr Jt Aad (0 Oe DtA* </ HmModU. 
(Oopy,-No. Mj) QormaMUun Uoras. Qnabae. Mth Vebraanr, uaoi 

Mr liOtd Dnke,— I hSTe the honor to eneloae a copy of a reeommendatloB of the KxeentlTe 
OooBcU of Canada, approved by myaeli, with reflnenoe to Wood Island on the Ooaat of Labrador. 

f hia tatand laHtnaited about Sjo IV weit longitude, juit at the entrance of the Strait of Belle Isle. 

Mow, if I am not mlstaicen, the OommiMlon of the Ooremor of Newfoundland llmlta the 
hirladlctlon of that Oovernmentaa fellows:— ^ ^ 

' « * * « • • 

"baadarartmrUMdetirewfaaikUMiAHidtke Uaads adjMnt. sad dl the OomI «< Lakcadar, fkam Mm 
eatnaMoT HadMB'sStmltttoaliM to be drawa dna north ■ad MoUifnaiAMoSsMoaeattewldamittotfea 
ato-MooBid<grwofi>artal«tltnd<^«na>ath«MUnd««diiic<nttathap>rtofth>MMOiartofI<rt««dor,M«liBef 
•UIorttmiidfuitaoBS«tMMlMd«rtabllsb*d,ov whldidiiai ba ewetodor w tsMl i h a d . w.thin tbo latd Maed of 
MMrfooiidUBd aad thodriudi mlimamt, or on tin Ooart of Iiobndor witUa th« Units sflmoMld, vtiaimwM 
Waads adisMat to that V jrt ^ tko said ooasi, (or sad dariag oar wlU aad p-oMan." 

It wm be obaerved— 1st. That the due north line tbrming the western bonndarr In Labtador of the 
<}0Temment of Nowftoundlaad, begins to run from Anae Sablon, or Blanc Sablon Bay, as It la called la 
JtewIsM** Ckart of 18394: conaeonently, that lino of Itaelf canaflbot notbln£SOttth of Ita commencement 

i. ThatthelilandaMTentoaewfbnndlandarathoaa atUacent to the Oeast of Labrador, twlonglng 
to that CtoTemmsnt. Bat the word adiacent la Itardly appUcable to an Island which Is nearer to 
another territory, tIi., that of Canada.' 

If. tbr example. In dlTldlng the l>ed of a river the Isbmds were annexed, reapectlvely. to the bank 
to which they were adjacent, no ono would aay that an Island which waa nearer to the right bank than 
It was to the left conld be ealled adiaoent to the latter. 

I hold, therefore, that the whole of Wood Island, which elaariy, aeeordlng to BBM/M<r« OSkort, Is 
mneh nearer to Canadian ground than It Is to the Territory of Hewfoundland. mutt he taken to be 
already part of the Territory of Canada, and I itava to leqnost Tour Qraoe's consideration of the 
tnaatlon. I have, te., OEUgaed.) XniviiB Hbab. 

His Grace the Bake of KewcaatK *o*, *c., Ac 



'r-Canada,— No. 8S.) 



Bir,— I have to acknowledge your Despatch. 
Tou refer me to "BauMe* Chart ofUSZ^,' 
rt cannot bo esteemed^* adjacent** to that pai 



Tht Date a/ NnnwMt to Or MUmmd BmO. 

Dowmiia Bmu*. 13th April. USO. 

• • * IT 



^ ,** and consider that the Island aa laid down In this 

cliart cannot bo esteemed^* adjacent** to that put of the Labrador coast, which is placed byBoyal 
Instructions under the Uovemment of Newfoundland, and that It Is consequently within the Territoiy 
of Canada. On reforring to this chart, I cannot aay that I think it ao condrilve on tUb qaestlon of 

Roximlty as it appears to yourself. Before, however. Her Majesty's OoTcmmen t consider this question 
rtlier, uiey would be glad to have before them a Beport of the Law OIBcers cf your Oovernment, as 
to the legal authority on which the claim of Canada reats to the lerrlton^ to vhioh you consider the 
island an appendage. « • « j lu^ve, Ac, (Signcii,) Niwcastu. 



(Copy.) 



OaowM Lamm DiFAaTaiinr, Quebec, Uth October, IMO. 



"■"^^^ 



IT,— In compliance with your reforence to the Uoaorable the Oommiaslbnek' of Crown 'Lands, 
endorsed on a letter from the Secretary of His Bzcellency the Ooremor tieueral, trvnamltting a Des- 
patca from His Grace the liuke of Newcastle, respecting Isle an Bois on the Coast of Labrador, I have 
the honor of transmitting, together with the refbrence, a report of the Commissioner, In regard to the 
exact geographical position of that itfand. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, 
_ „ (Signed,) ANnaxw Bmsxu, Assist. CommlsBlon«r. 

The Honorable the Attorney General, Ac, Ac, Ac, Quebec. 

OoMrnor** Bterttmy tra»m»a$, to the Lan Qffleen <ifth» Oroum, Copy DMoa'eh/rcm the Beeretury f^ State 
for the (MoMee, rMpeeting Ute on Bote •» Me tJottit nf habrwimr. 

,-Nc 12,S}7,-l(i60.) 

eferred t) the Hon. the Commissioner of Crown Lands for report as to the exact geqaraphical 
position of Island. (Signed, ) Oxo. £t. OiiaTua, Attorney General. 

__ Dkpabtmbiit or Cbowm Lands, Quebec, 10th October, I860. 

Tb'i only exhibit of the coast of -Labrador, upoa which any certain knowledge of the exact googra- 

ghical position of the Island known as" Isle au Bol8,'*can be safely and sstis(hctoniyreUeiJ,ii.i the 
ydrographlcal chart, better known as OvIalN BaufiM'e Ohart oi the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Stialt 
ofBslTelsle. • • « o « o 

According to the chart (sheet No. 1) " Isle au Bolo,** called on the chart " Wood Island,'* is sltua>jd 
on the northerly coast of the western outlet of the Strait of Belle IsIh from the Gulf or St. Lawrence, 
and adtacent to that part of the coast of Labrador, well known as the Basin or Hwrbor of " Anse au 
Blanc Sablon." 

The Island in its general configuration, is much in the shape of a right angled triangle, its northern 
or longest side bearing nearly due north-west and south-east. The apex of the triangle b^ing at the, 
north-west extremity of the island, leaving a channel of about half of a marine mile oetwten It and 
the malnhmd, whilst at its south-eastern extremity or easternmost point, bearing nearly souib-oonth- 
west from he easternmost point of the Bay of " Anse au Sablon," a broad ohannu of about two miles 
opens upon the Strait of BeUe Isle. 

The geographical position of the above external boundaries of Wood Island, more cmeclally aa 
regards Its eastern extremity as relative to the geographical position of the eastern boundary of the 
Province, to be hereinafter referred to, may be set down, aoooiding to Captain Bayfleid'a said chart. 
as follows :— 

Bastemmost point Latttoda ftp 231 Wt Loiwltada S70 •' at* 

Southernmost point......... ~... " ftio 22' SO" '' A70 IC 20'' 

North-west extremity. » • ** 01° W 10" ** S70 U' m/t 



\ Geo. lY., chap. fiO, cUtase tau, whereby oertala paili if tta 
re-aonoxed to Lower Canada, aad wheseln ItlaaaMtad ** thM 



Now. agreeably to the ImMriai Act, • Geo. lY. 

coaH of Labrador and a itaoenttolanda are re-aonoxL , , 

so mucbpf the said coast as Ilea to the weat-ward of a Una to be drawn daajtortbaad.aaath tram Mm 
Bay or Barbour of » Ann as Babtoa." 4aofaH<a^ oalhrw thtillld.dWM St^II^SSm^.^ W 



ie 



Oht Boundaries. 






Iilsnd of Antlcostl and «U other Isluids adiaoent to moh part, aa laat aforesaid, of the coast of Labrador, 
shall be and the same are hereby re-annexed to make a put of the said Province of Lower Canada," Ac., 
the eastern limit or bonndarjr of 4he 'Pro«lnc% so |m to Inclnde the Bay of " Anse an Sablon," would 
properlylle at the southernmost point of that part of the Coast Of Labrador, situate between the said 
Bay or Harbor of "Anse an Sablon," and the small bay called "St. Olalr" lying east of said "Anse an 



Sablon," as shewn on the chart, Wttereftom • Une belog drawn due north to theSSnd pandlel of latitude, 
all the territory to the west of said Une pertains to Canada, whilst all or any islands lying west of a line 
drawn due south flrom the aforesaid southernmost point or eastern limit of the Bay or "Anse au Sa- 



blon," being acUacent to such part of the territory of the Province on the coast of Labrador, also, of 
right belong to Canada, and ftrm part of the District of Saguenay in Lower Canada. 

Beftoning again to Aiu/Wd'a Chart, the easternmost point of the Bay or Harbour of Anse an Sablon 



identical with die southernmost point of that part Of the coast of Labrador lying between 
~ ~ ■■ ■ ■ on the «a8t,«|iiMars so dearly defined as to admit 

B Chart as IrUut in latitude 61o 2S' 6'fjiorth.am 

Whenc^ 



Ion" and the Bay adlolctng on the«a8t,«nMars so dearly defined as to admit of its gw 
tlon being set down from the Chart as lying in latitude 6lo 2si arfj^ortb.and in longitude 
snwich ST") 8' 15". Whence a line drawn due south towards the sea will pass I' Jm of an 



Sablon 

ppsi 

Greenwich 



alwut 1,700 yards) to the eastWaM of the easternmost point of 

geographically wUhld the JurUdlctlon of the Province. All w .— ^ — . , 

iDepartment of Crown Lands, P. U. VAHKOVoamT, Commissioner of Crown Lands. 



Anse au 
jraphlcal 
wesrfrom 

.^ . ... pass I' XHf of arc (equal to 

Isle au Bolsj** which places that Island 
All which is respectfhlly submitted. 



Quebec, 3Mb AprU, 1864. 



Andebw Bubbiix, Assistant Commissioner. 



iMntxsa, 13th March, 1864. 

Sir,-«In my report of progress of the date of the Slst August last, and in my general report of last 
year, I had the honor to brlqg to .vour knowledge the acte of authority practised by a Customs Offlcer 
of the Government of Newfoundland on Canadian Terrltorlty, at a place called Anse anz BUncs Sa- 
blonii, in the Stndt of Belle-Isle. 

These acts of « :thorlty consisted in the exaction of customs duties on goods that Messrs. Frutng * 
Co., and Messrs. Ii» 9outilller A Brothers had In their stores, which are situated in a part of I'Anae aox 
BlancsHablons, which has always been reeogniaed as belonging to Canada, • « • 

which contains vainabie cod fishing establlsnmeirts, and rich fishing, gnmads. 

Befbre last year, no olBcer of Hewfonndland had ever attempted to claim any authority beyond a 
line drawn flrom the Anse aux Blancs Sablone Brook, at the bottom of the said Anse, and extending 
dneeonth tothesM,'aiMl«sIdldnotmyaelfpntend to go beyond, that said line, no oMUSct of Jorla- 
dictlon was apprehended between) be OlBcers of Newfoundland and Canada. * • • 
X remain, sir, your mostobedlent servant, (Signed,) P. Toktsh. 

Honorable William MoOougall, Conualssioner of Crowa Lands, Quebec. 

Sqtorf «m M« etMOfdw <^ Omiomi DmUm ^ Me Qofu m mt nt <tf Nm^omtdltutd, «» OtmtMm Mil. 

DxPAmTMnn or Cbown Lamss, Quebec, 19th March, 1864. 

The CommlBBlonerof Crown Lands has the honor to report the recurrence of acts of Jurisdiction 
on-the«artof oilcers of the Government of Newftmndland, on that part of the coast of Labrador 
which is within the eastern fh>nUcr of Canada, atBlancSabton Bay. 

The Imperial Statute, 6 Geo. IT., cap. S9, re-annexed to Canada certain portions of the coast of 
Labrador, and all a^iscent IMands. fbimerly within the >Pvovlnioe.of Newfoundland. That Act 
estabUibed the bounttaiy UnO'aadnwn due north and south f^om the Bay of Blano Sablon (Inclnaive) 
as far as &e &2nd degree of north latitude, including all islands adiacent. In consequence of aetsurea 
made at wood Ittaad by the Costonui Oflleerii of Newfoundland, in 1860, a report of Acts was made by 
this Department to the Law Ofltcers of the Crown, describing the geognphloal position of the isluid 
and also the exact line of boundary, as laid down>ftom the terms or the Imperial Statute. The Joint 
opinion of the then Attorneys General is, that Wood Island is within the limito of Canada. Actbic 
upon that ttpinion, the Department has instmoted ita ottlcers to regard aa Canadian teiritocy ana 

Scereise authoriiy over the islands and mainland situated west of the line so drawn. At the bottom of 
lane Sablon Bay, close to the frontier, but clearly inside (or westward) of such a line there are 
important OAing establishments owned by Canadians. Last year, an offlcer of Newfoundland levied 
Qustoms dues at one of these establlshmems : and the parties aggrieved apply for redress through this 
SejMrtesent. 

The undersigned respectftilly submlte this matter for the consideration of the Governor General in 
Council. (Signed,) Wm. MoDouoali., Commissioner. 

Ai(r<ao</r«m P. FortM* BeporiqfProtnm, dated lltk Mgtut, 1864. 
While at Blanc Sablons, I visited, as usual, the estob. Ishmente that havealwayaboen consldpred 
as being on Canadian territory, and I was told .at Messrs. LeBoatlUler Brothers, And at Messrs. 
Wtntiut and Co., that the Coileotorof Newfoundland had been at their establishmeLte and ha J exacted 
duties on the goods they had imported this year in the same way as they had done last year, which 
duties they had been forced to pay so as to avoid the seizure of their goods. I may add that th' 



Governor of Newfoundland's tkimmisslon. 

" On the JMh My. I met^at Blancs Sablons, the Government of Newfoundland's anned oatter 
Sauh, with Stephen Marsh, Bsqulre, Commissioner of Plsheries, on board. This offlcer showed ifie 
how Orheliad b eo Instracted to extend his Jurisdiction, and It included Blancs Sabloni Bay, and the 
wh<rte of Be • Bois or Wood Island, and as my instructions were to the eflbot that my JnrwHction 
extended over the whole of Ila a Bois, it natnrailr fallows that there is a conflict of authority for that 
Mahdawda WHTt of the Anse of Blancs Sableas, and Abe i B haMtan te of these psfto live In a great state ; 
of oseasinesa, and business sufibrs on that account. It is very much to be hoped that the Oorem- 
mails<n'08Mdaniidlrewf«nndland witleome toan agreement anthatmatt:r,and an actual boan- 
d^MfbilM^^abed. soas to deflna preeiaeUr, and mark the limits of the aaatomftontler of Oaoadaln 

murtut from P. Fartkift nmoHiif Progrm, dattd Itk Attatut, 1866. 

" The OoHeetor of Onstoras for Newfoundland, stationed at or near I'Anse aux BUmca SaUona. had 
exacted M( VMT.M well M last yaar, flrom the estabUshmente of Trnhtg A Co., situated near the head 
QfrAnse aux BMnoaflaMeoBt and of LeBontUller Brothers, sltnato near the western side of I'lle a 
ikiis.euatons(lutteai«tlwammntof <48steiUagfirom the former house, and £40 from the latter. 

''This had taken place early in the season, and long before I could arrive at these places to be in a 
nofttloti to opMSB n« pratennoni of the Newfoundland ofllelal and protect ^e paartlea above 
mSifioned. Twlfladd.f8r jrowfiifoiniatieii on this snitfect. that the Collector of Newfoundbuid, in 
Biipport of ttw okfinorwi wvemaMat to joilidletloa over the contested tanitonr, predocea a copy of 
Sir Alesndar Bannerman's Commission as Governor of Newfoundland, printed in the fieyoi OasMto 
ot ttSTOiSoBy.ln whiekHtt stated that the wsstsn limit of the Govcninsnt of Newfoandlwd (ba 
the ooaat of Labrador) la latitude 61^ 96' north, longltade 670 OOf west, and taehidaa Blancs Sablons 
ff Auwiu iSSa (Wblons) and Wood Ulaaa O'ltft aBois.) 

"VttS SHiwaHni Uoltl of llw Oomameht of Mawftmndtaad doea exteni to the paiWIel oi 
iMtmUimm wesL tkOB It wwiM Men h7 aU.tke MrOgnpMosl dharts that fhave In my 



77te Mtmie^l Loan FimtL 



IT 



of Mewfmnaiioa v»" 
stadMBUttcaSikblons 



THE MUNICIPAL LOAN FUND. 



S« little is known concur the Municipal Loan Fund, even by 4>e Trevurer» of the interested 
muoicipalitiet them*elve>i> t^> ', ^xfft or two of the Year Bo^ft cannot perhaps be better usedthan in 
presenfijig some details, of its. nature, history, and present position— a work, fortunately,^ not difficult of 
acco)biwanient,,aiiioe we have tiie assistance of the report made upon the. subject, in 1864, by the 
Hon. John Simpson, now Assistant Auditor of the Doraimon. ' 

" Politics (—my politics are Railways I " cried the late $ir AUan N. MacNab, ^ben Premier of 
a Canadian admiaistraiioo, not qiaoy years ago. The Muptcipal Loan fund is an oinpripit of the 
headlong finiwce of those times. It was established as iiit XT^ptr .C»nfUUt, by 16 Vic, Cap. sa, 
in iSsa. llwcreditofliheGoverpq^entofCanada was at that time good— that of the nrnnicipalities which 
had not long been thoroughly organized, hot yet establisl>ed— and the intention of the projectors of 
theMuaiqpal Loan Fund was to procure , 'money for the use oflthe counties, townships, towns, and 
cities, at the comparatively cheap rate at w^h Govemipent cpuld obtain it The b^frowinj; powers 
given to the miuucipalities under the Act were unlimited as to the totent of the loans, which were, 
however, to be approved by the Governor in Council, and were only to be for the purpose of effecting p 
public improvements. 

Two short y«ars ware sufficient to show some of the evils of this ^ysfem. RecUess municipalities 
pluiwed dee|riy into qiccvlative undertakiitgs, their lavish expenditure of^money brought down even : 
IheTroviBcial credit, aad by 18 Vic, ^ap. 13; 18(4, tbe Fun4 was limited to ;£i,soo,ooo sterling, ) 
1,000,) and the extent to which a municipanty might boi 



{|7.3«>.< 



borrow defined to be ao per cent, on t)>e \ 



ugpregito ^nation of its property as >wr the aasessmenrroll. T^ same Act created The Lmeer 
Canada Municipal Loan Fund, which was to be subject to similar limipitions. By na Vic, Cap. 15, i.°" 



! 



it was provided that further loans to Ui>Per Canada municipahties should cease, and that onfy 
^400,000 more should be lent to Lower Canada municipalities. By another Act, passed on the same 
day, it was also provided, "That a som of money bearing tne samfe proportion to that which under the 
" Seigniorial Amendment Act of 1S59, will be payable yearly to the Seigniors in Lower Canada as the 
" population of the Townships of Lower Canada shall, by tne census of 1861, be found to bear to that 
" ofjuie Scign'ories, shall be payable yearly out of Provincial Fuiids to the credit of the Lower Canada 
" Municipal Loan Fund, but for the benent of the Townships only, includinK the Town of Sherbrooke 
" and St. Armand Ea«t and West, in the County of MissisquoL'' Als«>, " that a sum of money equal 
" in amount to the cwital at 6 per cent per annum of tne sum which will be payable yearly to 
" Seniors in Lower Canada out of Provincial Funds, added to the sum of $140,000, payable to the 
" Seminary of Montreal, shall be deducted firom the amount of the Lower Canada Munidi^ 
"Loan Fund." 

The payments to be made for the use of Mnnidpal Loan Fund monies were alfectedby provisions 
similar for both Provinces. 

The Act 16 Vic, Cap. 33, fixed these at 6 per cent per annum for interest, and a per cent for 
Sinking Fund. 

The whole western country at that time labored under a delusion that railways must pay handsome 
dividends whorever located and howev>>r managed;— a stupidity which now seems incomprehensible, 
but is no more wonderfiil than the feverish specwations in lands which prevailed at the same period, or 
the financial excitement oT the historical South Sea bubble in England, or of the Mississippi scheme 
in France. 

Many of the Upper Canada municipalities, and a few even in Lower Canada, therefore hastened 
to secure as much of the Loan Fund money as possible, to invest it in the stock or bonds of some 
railway whidi was supposed to te of special local interest. They all expected the railways to pay the 
interest, and never thought that t>ey would be called upon themselves to disburse a dollar. They 
soon, however, found that they were like individuals who have carelessly endorsed their neigh- 
bours' notes — and those which had borro'v/ed too extensively were quite unable to meet their 
liabilities. 

Two Acts were consequently passed. The first, (ao Vic, Cap. ao,) provided with reqiect to 
the case of municipalities in default, that as it might be inexpedient to press the collection of the 
whole sum due, the Governor might issue his warrrant to the Sheriff directing vhat rate should be 
levied, but it should not be less than la^ cents on the dollar of the assessed yearly value of property. 
The second, (aa Vic, Cap. 15,) provided that instead of the payments previously to be made by 
munidpalities, a sum equal to 5 cents on the dollar of the assessed yearly valve, or to the like 
per centsge on the interest at 6 per cent per annum on the assessed actual value should be annually 
paid on or before the first day of December in each year, until principal and interest .should be paid, or 
a smaller sum should be sumdent to satisf; the same, in which case such smaller sum only should be 
paid. This sum was made the first charge on the funds, and the Treasurer was to be deemed {{uilty of 
a misdemeanor in defimlt of payment to the extent of liinds in his hands, and all profits w dividends 
fi'om works which received moneys fixim defiuilting munidpalities were to he jnia in to Government 
and placed to the credit of the municipality, and no fiurther debts were to be incurred by any muni 
dpafity indebted to the Fund until such indebtedness was discharged, and as lonjg m any mnnicipality 
was indebted, it was to have no share in Qergy Reserve monies or other monies imicb«onldotJ»nri» 
come to it firom Provincial sources. It followed naturally, from these two measures, that Government 
which was at first indirectly responsible for the MunicqiMl Loan Fund debentons, became directly 
liable for the samt. They were oiled in and the holders paid off, the necessaty amouat being raised 
by the negotiation of the ordinary obligations of the Government. This arrangement has worked 
tolerably until now, so to as the oollacnon of the dabu by (iovemment is coneitned, bat in 'he 
opinion of the writer the time has arrived when a final settlement of the Fund shonld be oome ti^ fm( 
it is still most unsatisftwtory u rqiards the asnnic^aKtiM. 

It will be remarked, that % cents on the dollar on tlie 6 per cent of the actual value of the 
property will have to be paid Vf de&ulting muaScipi^itlw ^' *11 ^Sim. The inteinst on the diBtiuiU wil^' 
of course, constantly ac^umula^ in almost all easM mucb ibster than t^ vdua of p soaat ty . Una >»■ 
incubus upon p ropt it y arista whfah can xtnrnt b« nmnmA, and «Miy aibft bbm* w * ionUty to 



Hil! 



!< 



TXr Mmie^ Loan Fimi. 



iomrovt its poaitioB cu only raeeMd in iacmsiag its anraal MymrattotiM Fund 
b that pnitparitT hat kmg Mtn a itnunr to loalitiw whk» wm ibnMriT mo 
aaatMMBt roll utpa knr, and a wast m tntaipnat parvadaa all daaan of their i 



Fund. Tha 
moat flooriihiac— thair 
lir inhafaitaats, vdMthar 
m'A or fimnan.' 
Such being theftct, there eaa be ao doubt that the Proviadal LegislatafM, which hare now come 
iato poeaeiiion of the rij^ts of the old Prov in ce of Canada with reftrenee tb tins find, thoold at once 
declare that the amount payable by themunicipali t iee hould be flxed at a sum not liable to increase 
with the assewment, which could at once be flinded like any other debt, debenturea reprssentinc it 
being handed to the Province, when the Fund would cease to exist The only subject lor mnchdis- 
cnsmn is, whatthis sum should be. 

Itappears to the writer that it would only be just, and in acc ord an ce with modenipolicyyfer the Pro- 
vinces to recognise that the railways and harbors witUn their limits are not of local but of general InteresL 
fer they are used by the people at fange. In thia case they should at once assume al debia incurred 
far such Mpeees to the Fund. Perhape, however, it will in equi^r be necessary to provide fbr 
campenstion to mwsidpalities which have made advances to railways mm their own means, and thia 
mint be done by enacting that debentures, whose interest should be to the extent of two or two and a 
ban percent, on the annual value of their assessed property, should be tidwn fiom munidpalitiee which 
had Borrowe d from the Fund, of whidi the proper amount could be handed to municipalities which 
have built railroads by the proceeds of their own debentures. 

The injustice of the present arrangsment is manifcst. Ottawa city is taxed s cents on the dollar 
" ' St.LawrenceaadOttawaRailway, for which, though it benefits the counties of 



these counties have not to pay a cent, while it gives to the whole 
raatjbrd ia taxed heavily lor its loan to the Buffuo 



lor money Mnt to the 

Carieton, Russell, and . ,, - 

country access to the capital Braatfiwd ia taxed heavily lor its loan to the Buftlo and Lake Huron 
Railway, which benefiu all the ceuntiss ftem Goderidi to Fort Erie, and pours on the Grand Trunk 
road a quantity of produce, which flows down and benefltathe merchants of Toronto and the whole 
country at least as fiv as Montreal Lanark and Renftuw are taxed Ibr having broudit about 
iamrevement-; which benefit Pontine and all tha Unpar Ottawa as much as themselves. Thisstateof 
thmn cannot be allowed to be permanent 

The fidlouina' taUe, (re-arranged firom Mr. Simpeon's report,) shews the 
by esch mwnicipaBty, and the obfects to whidi they were applied :— 

MvMiapAL Loam Fund— Uppbk Canada (Ontario). 



Municipalities. 



COOMTIBa>- 

Grey 

Morthumbcriand ^ Durham 

Perth • 

Oxford 

Lincoln 

Lambton 

Lansik and Renfrew. . . . 

El|^ 

Hastings 

Essex 

Huron and Bruce 



Total Counties % 



T»WN8HIfS— 

Hope 

Bertie 

Brantibrd. 

Wainiieet 

Canborough 

Mo'iltdn and Sherbrooke. 

Middleton 

Stanley 

Woodhottse 

Norwich. 



Ops. 
WLdc 



Spent 

on 

Railroads 



300,000 



800,000 
80,000 



300^000 



1,380,000 



60,000 
40,000 
50,000 

ao,ooo 

8,000 

ao,ooo 



f indham 

EUtabethtown . 



Total Townships | 



So^ooo 

900,000 

80,000 

t00,00O 

I54<ooo 



813,000 



Spent 
on local 
unprove* 



16,000 

so. 000 
48,000 
16,000 



157,600 

3»,ooo 

8,000 



845,600 



5,000 

10,000 



»5i' 



M wwifip^ ^i tttti 



ClTIW— 

Otttwa.. 
l»ndon.. 



Total Cities % 



TOWMS— 

Port Hope 

Niagara 

Cobnurg 

Brantfoid 

Paris 

Prescott 

St Cat* arinea.. 
Woodstock..... 

Cornwall 

Belleville 

Simcoe 

Brockville 

Stratford 

Goderich 

Banie 

Chatham...... 

Dundas 

Guelph 

Peterboro 



Total Towns % 



VlLLAOl— 

Chippewa. 

Grand ToUl (17,300,000) . % 



Spent 

on 

Railroads 



% 

175i4<» 



S7S.4«» 



680,000 
a8o,ooo 
500,000 
500,000 
40,000 
100,000 
100,000 
loo^ooo 



100,000 
400^000 
100,000 



80,000 
100,000 



3,080,000 



ao,ooo 



5,867,400 



on local 
improve* 



180^000 



90,000 



13,000 

ao^ooo 



ioo,ouo 
13,000 

too^ooo 
53,000 



566,0 



6,000 



1,433,600 



The " local improvements" were of various kinds. 

The largest sum, ^460^000, was spent by Northumberland and Durham, upon gravel roads within 
theCrimtf. 

rtodench spent #40,000 ra the town streets, besides lending |6o^ooo to a Gravel-road Com- 
psB>. 

St. Catharines invested #5s,ooo in atock in and loana to a Gas light Company, and lent a good 
jfiHi to gravel roaoa.' 

Fort Hope lent $180^000 to the Harbor Commission. 

Lhcoln knt <<i>eeo to a Macadamised Road Company. 

CUppewa ia^iNWcd with its 16,000 a canal conneetiBg the WeOaad and Niagara rivers. 



nMOOBMqurae* 
onritUaf-tlMir 
liitaats, wiMther 

1 have now OMM 

Skould St ODM 



LskouU 
Hrt)toto_- , 
I rapraMBtinK » 
Mtforniachaia- 



oHcTrfortlMPre- 
fgnmlintMMti 
1 d«bl> faKwrnd 
rjr to pravidf for 
I nwBna, and tbit 
two or two tad « 
ii^palhiMwMA 
micipolitiMwIudi 

nts on tlM^ioQo' 
istke coonliMof 
ivm to tho mhoM 
I and Lake Hliroa 
theOnndTttink 
ito and the whole 
ig broudit aboat 
rai. ThUfteteof 

imooata borrawod 



Spent 

on 

itailroada 



$ 

900,000 



Spent 
o n local 
mprave* 

ments. 



57S.40* 



680,000 
a8o,ooo 
500,000 

500,000 
40,000 
100,000 
100,000 
100,000 


180,000 








90,000 
la.ooo 




ao,ooo 


100,000 
400,000 
100,000 








ioo,ouo 




X 3,000 




100,000 


■ 


Sa,ooo 


80,000 
xoo,ooo 






13,080,000 


566,000 


ao,ooo 


6,000 


1 5.867.400 


1,433,600 



m gravel road* witUn 
( a Gravel-road Com- 
ipaay, and lent a good 

igara rlvera- 



Tk* Mtmidpal Lotut Ftmd. 



18 



Uma Canada (OnUriaV— Cm/mmmA 



Mid. ' ipalitics. 



Brought forward. 



Townahip of Wainllee^ 



do Canboro 

U. C. Huron and Bruce 

Townships of Moulton ft Sherbrooke 

County of Perth 

Town of Pari* 

TownCi Sutford. 



Railroads in which Invested. 



Stock. 



Gty of Ottawa. . . 
Town of Prescott. 



Town of St. Catharines. 



Town of Woodstock. 



Townahip of Woodhouse. 

do Norwich. • . . . 

do Windham.... 
Town of Simcoe 



County of Elgin. 
City of London. 



U. C. Lanark and Renfrew.. . 

Town of Brockville 

Towbship of Elisabetbtown.. 



Town of Guelph. . 
Town of Cobourg. 



Town of Port Hope. 

Township of Hope. . 
Township of Ops. . . . 
Town of Petwooto* . 



Bnffidcv Goderich and 

ford Railroad 

do do 

do do 

do do 

do do 

do do 

do do 



Bran* 



tBytown and Presrott Rail> 
road 

Port Dalhousie and Thorold 
Railway 



Woodstock and Lake Erie Rail- 



WW and Harbor Company. 



do 
do 
do 



do 
do 
do 
do 



London and Port Stanley R. R. 
do do ... . 



Brockville and Ottawa R. R. 
do do . . 

do do . . 



Gait and Guelph R. R 

Cobouig and Peterboro' R.R. . 

Peterborc* and Port Hope R.R 
Port Hope, Lindsay and Ber- 
verton K. R 

do do .... 

do do .... 

do do ... . 



t 

OyOOO 

300,000 

JOfOOO 

JOOyOOO 

40,000 



Loans. 



t 
6ao,ooo 



xoo^ooo 



80,000 

300,000 



80,000 



500,000 



Xotals. 



68okOQo 

60,000 
SOfOoo 



3,6^3,000 



loo^e 



100,000 



100,000 
80,000 

300^000 

100,000 
100,000 



Totals. 



^OOuOIMI 



»75i40O 



.XM^OOO 

400,000 

154,000 



100.000 



3,3*9,400 



1,378,000 

lOOkOOb 

580^000 
455.400 

•.3S4.O0O 

So^ooo 

900,000 



5,867,400 



LowBR Canada (Quebec) 



Municipalities. 



Co, 

K 



of Stanstead 
ibr 3 townships, 

Shefford 

of W. Famham 
Shefford . . . 
Granby .... 

Bolton 

Stukely, N. 
Stukely, S. . 
Magog 



Ca of Terrebonne. 
Otuwa 



Railroads. 



! Stanstead, Shef- ( 
ford&Chambly] 
Railway Co.... ( 
do 
do 
do 
do 

do ... 

do 
do 



) Montreal ft By-( 
y Co. \ 



\ town Rail'; 



Amount 



71,000 

3x5,000 

30,000 
S^ooo 
30,000 
13.000 
x6,oao 
xo,ooo 
x 3,000 

447,000 



94,000 
»3».ooo 



#335,000 



Municipalities. 



Co. of Megantic 
for Tp. of Ireland 

City of Three Rivs 
" Quebec..... 

St. Armand West 

Tp. of Stanbridge. 
VO. of PhUipsburg. 



Railroads. 



) Meeantic Jc. R'y \ 
\ and Navig. Co. ) 

} Stock in G.T.R) 
) Co. for branch.. ) 

(N.Sh.ftSt.Maa-) 
J riceR'yftN.Co. ) 

{ Mont* 1 ft Ver'nt \ 
\ June. R'y Co.. S 

do do 

do do .. 



Gnmd total. . .% 954.840 



Amount 



% 

S.«4» 



x^&^ 



5<^ooe 



15.000 

90,000 
a,ooo 



*7.« 




We 

I of the loan in the fomwr Pravinoe is perhnn iMst khewn Iv a taUe'giving the account of each muni- 
I cipality in JuxtqMSition wiA the amount or its assessment ;* and in the column of assesamant we nava 
I added together real and personal estate, exdoding the value of taxable incomes, which is an nncertam 
Ikindof propttty, diftteatly aiaessedin diffiHrent places, in many casea hardly assessed at aU| aa4ie 
■ never an important itam. 



»Tto iitof tMhi It wanletpsMtlw to asta all 

. Ma«Hto«a*«attla«. ■attkwetaaeiMNMto 

|tK,tlMdfiht«MaBbiiBC*Mta thewaateCalKi 
libaaMMaidstf thsaisaisM. 



llMMlto iheMlMUavalaa a< Mii|M > y, brtlgJ» fmm 
iniaUMUM»«< tba iilndplwMiwkUhths sMMMWk 



1* 



Tk* Murndpttl Loan Bmd. 



■ 



Municipal Loan Funi:>— LowbSi Canada (Quabtc). 



MlinicipalitiM. 



COUNTIB^— 

StMwteid (for Tpt. of Stan- 
•tcad. Magog and Bolton) 

Shefiford 

.TeRcbdnne 

Ottawai ^ 

Megantlc (for Tp. of Irel'nd) 

TotUCoimtiu • 



PABiams-- 

Ste. Marie de Monnotr. . . 
Ste. Romuald d'Etchemia 
St Joan, Itle d'Orleans. . 
St Germain de Rimouski. 
St Michel de BeUechasse. 
St Euseb* de Stanfold. . . 
Ste. Helene de Karaouraska 
Ste. Cecile de Beaahamois. 
Ste. Anne de la Parade. . . . 

Grand Baie ,... 

Bagotville 

Gnuid Riviere^ 

St Valere de Bubtrode 

St Armand, WMt 

St Maurice. 

N. D. de Mont Carmel — 
StChrlatephed'Artbabaaka 

St Paulin 

St NardMe 

St Frederick (Beauoe) 

St Staniilaa 

La VisiUtion (Champlain). 
Ste. Geneviere de Baliscan. 

St Pretpere 

Ste. Mane Magdeleine. . . . 

StDidate 

Anbexl OiAion. 

St jam deMatha 

8t.CelMtin 

St> Polyteipe 

Pobte du Lac 

St Joseph (Beauce) 

Strf'raiicoia- (do) 

StwMarie (do) 



Total Parishes % 



TowirtMiw— 



Roxton.. 

L!nK*irick> 

Triof, 

Farnbami WM. 

Sh6ff»rd. 

Gnnby 

Ascot and WeAbuty. 
SoMtivet, North...., 



Advanc'd Advanc'd 
for I for load 
Railroads|purposes. 



71,000 
215,000 

94,000 

«3t.6oo 

5.840 



S«7.4*> 



15,OOD 



15,000 



30,000 
50,000 
30,000 



4.000 

30,000 

8,000 

50,006 

34,000 

3,000 

i,aoo 

10,000 

90,000 

4,000 

4,aeo 

»,S75 
6,000 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
(,oe6i 
1,000 
1,060 

750 
i,aoo 

800 
<,ooo 
i,aoo 
1,000 
1,060 
1,000 

400 
1,000 
1,000- 
1,066 



»74»3a3 



34.000 
30,000 
10,000 
ao,ooo 



7.500 



8,000 
16,000 



Municipalities. 



Townships (C^ntimud)— 

Bolton.... 

Sttikely, North 

Stnkely, Soath 

Oi^nuuim, Wendover, and 
Simpson 



Latemere* . < 
CUcoutimi • 
Tremblay . . 
SlanbridM. 
ister.^i 



est. 



Chaster, 

Warwick. 

Haifa and South Ham. 

Aston 

Wotfen 

St Camilla 

Newton • . • > 

St. Jean (Chicoutimi). 



Total Townships % 



CiTIBS— 

Montreal 

Three Rivers.. 

g)uebcc 
t Hyacinthe . 



Total Cities % 



Towns— 
Sherbrooke.. 
St John.... 

Sorel. 

Terrebonne. 
Levis 



Total Towns % 



VltLACBS— 

Varennes 

Huntiii^don 

Lapraine. 

Lonxuenil 

ChanUy- Basin . . 

Vehnont 

Princevillie 

Ai^Muville... 
St Jean Baptiate. 

Phiupsburg 

Victoriaville 

Plessisville 



Total VUUges % 



Advanc'd'Advanc'd 
for for local 
Railroads purposes. 



% 

13,000 

16,000 

lO^OOO 

ia,ooo 



50.000 



311,000 



160,000 
50,000 



310,000 



3,000 



3.000 



Grand ToUl (f 3 438,540)- f 9S5,440 «.473.ioo 



10^606 

18,000 

3.3P6 

5»066 

3,400 



67s 

1,000 

1,006 
1,000 
1,006 

1,000 
1,600 

400 



«6t,a7S 



60,000 



16,000 



876,000 



8o,006 

a6,«eo' 
30,000 

16,006 
46,066 



170,000 



3,000 

7,000 
4.006 

13,666 
t6,560 
33,606 
13,006 
4,000 
3,000 



4,000 
3,000 



91,500 



lite foUiawmg tables, from Itr. Simpson s report, show the nature ot the' railroad investmeate 
mad* b> the municipalities :— 

Uppkr Canada (Ontario.) 



■^i- 



Municipalities. 



Tf^iMiihit>-drBatt«.'..... 



do .Bnonbrd.. ...«•.••, ...^ 
alfoiidt. 



Town of BnutH 



Cmrrkd/ormmrd. . 



Railroads in which Invest^. 



Erii' and* dnbUno'R«In^. 
do' do ' 



Bi^b, 'Codericli'Bnd '^raiii-' 

ibrd Railroad .,, 

, do, do ... 

do d6 



Stock. 

60,000, 
30,060- 



40,000 

SOiOoo 
1 06^000 



370,660 



Loans, 



aao^ooo 



406,600 



Totals. 



$ 

300,000 



'63^,060 'I '3o6l,6d6' 



71kg Mknidpal Loan Fund. 



\i 



jc'd'AavMic'd 

for local 

MdtpurpoM*. 



,000 
,000 1 
,600 



,000 



>.ooo 



tOvOOO 

18,000 

S.3W 
$.«>«» 

'""i^i 

i.ooo 
1,000 

1,000 

1,000 

1,600, 

400 



11,0 



161,175 



Scb,a6o 
60,000 1 60,000 
SO,ooo 




lUroad investment* 



I^oaas, I Total*. 



ajoiooo 



4aOi<too{ 



9 



300,000 



lat. MuniGipalitie* in Ontario which have paid interest and have an amount to the credit of their 
Sinking Fund, June 30, id68. (ThoMS which advanced money to railroad* marked (r.) 



Ontario. 



Bertie. Township (r) 

Branttord, Townahip (r) 

Belleville, Town 

Bruce, Co. \,r >...;.. 

Canboro, Town»hip(r) 

Corawali, Town 

Elgin, County (r). 

Essex, County 

Grey, County 

Guelph, Town (r) 

Huron, Co. (r) 

Hutings Co 

Lincoln, Co 

Lambton, Co 

Monhon ft Sherbrooke, Townships(r). 

Middleton, Township 

Northumberland A Dutham, Co's 

Oxford. Co 

Pari*, Town (r) 

Stanley, Township 

Wainfleet, Township (r) 



Amount of 
Loan 



At credit | Aaaessment 

of Sinking Total Debt value of Pro- 



Fund. 



% 

40,000 
30,000 
ao,ooo 
SSiOoo 
8,000 
ia,ooo 
80,000 
3a,ooo 
16,000 
8e|ooo 

333,000 

137,600 

48,000 

16,000 

ao^ooo 

3,000 

460,000 
30,000 
40,000 
10,000 

30,000 



1,443,600 



% 

1.636 
34.533 

9.7" 

33,684 

3'9.p 

3.7« 

4>.937 

11,330 

9,300 

76s 
139,76* 

6.1,7** 
33,893 

7.930 

10,033 

3,766 

7a,*93 
10,067 

ao,33S 

4.930 

10,464 



perty, 1867. 



Proportion 

ofM.L.r. 

Debt to 

total A*- 



487.730 



% 

38.344 

aS.467 

10,389 

3«,3«2, 

4,o6r 

6.313 

38,063 

30,670 

6,800 

79.»3S 

I33,.*3» 

93.878 

8,070 
9.967 
3.334 
387.707 
9.933 
19.665 
5,070 
9.536 

954.870 



% 

6*0,393 
3,031,604 
3,475,066 
3.996,7*6 
1*1,550 
376,660 
7.157.408 

•6,3*4^ 
5,**8,333 

i.345.95» 

^7S6«*S3 

*3,«33.Sr3 

7,383,153 

*6y7i6,*6e 

*i9;90f 

*io,i96,648 
10,413,444 

*5».97r 
5i4,**o 
4«7,004 



Percent 
6.18 
i.*S 
0.41 
0.78 

3 35 

1.65 
0.53 
0.78 

;:s 

1.41 
3.00 
0.34 

O.I* 

4-53 
0.13 
3.8* 

o.to 

0.98 
*.*9 



^d. Municipalities in Ontario which have fallen into arrears. June 30, 1868. 

money to railroads marked (r.) 



(Those which advanced 



OnUrio. 



Brantfiwd, Town (r) 

BrockvUle, Town (r) 

Barrie, Town 

Cobourg, Town (r) 

Chippewa, Village, (r) 

Chatham, Town 

Dundas, Town 

Blixabethtown, Township (r). 

Ooderich, Town 

Hope, Township (»•) 

London, Cit]( (r) 

Lanark tt Renirew, Co's (r)... 

Niagara, Town (r) 

Norwich, To«raalup (»-) 

Ottawa^ City (f) 

Ope, Township (r) 

PortiHone, Town (r)« 

Perth, County (r) 

Premotty Town 4«^ 

Peterbore,'Town (r).. 

St Cattoriaeet Town (*^ 

Simcoet Tcfwn (r) 

Stcatfordt^ToMa (r) 

Windham, Township^r). ..., 
Weodiwoae, Townalrip'(r). . . 
Woodalocki Town (r)i 



Amount of 
Loan. 



Amount of 
Arrears. 



% 

500,000 
400,000 

13,000 

500,000 

36,OUO 

100,000 

53,000 

154,000 
100,000 
60,000 
375.400 
800,000 
380,000 

*oo,ooo 
*oo,ooo 

80,000 
860,000 
388,000 
100,000 
100,000 
190,000 
100,000 
100,000 
100,000 

80,000 
100^000 



'S.'5>»400 



toUlDebt 



356,438 

303,855 

a,oo9 

471.408 

7,759 

34.546 

37.904 

96,73s 

39.693 

37,633 

48i,a38 

*a4,a78 

158,684 

75.889 

S7.a8o 

730,663 

58,4*6 

88,84* 



Assessed value 
of Real and ; 

Personal Pro- 
perty,' 1867. I 



Proportion 
ofM.L.F. 
Debt to 
totiil As- 
sessment. 




756,4*8 

703,85s 

14.089 

971,408 

33,759 

•34.546 

89.904 

aSo,73S 

>a9,693 

97.633 

630,981 

1,381,338 

504,378 

358.684 

a7S.889 

137,380 

1,590,66? 

346,4*0 

188,843 

130^06* 

a36,74« 

183.569 

•70,309 

180,956 

14*,*9* 
175,613 



9,814.783 



% 

',6561997 

».o75»4o« 

505,418 

».*So,733 
187.S7S 

i,o39;3i5 
798^719 

773,451 

799,650 

814,548 

4,513,900 

•5,061,874 

308,039 

1,338,097 

4,793,466 

370,504 

^1,193,443 

•4,3*7,370 

615,300 

1,1*6,710 

•,440.770 

*4»S.«3 

734,380 

^;36s 

*75«,688 

76iii8s 



Per cent. 
4565 
65.36 

*-77 
77.67 
18.00 
1307 
11. »5 

33.4* 
16.3* 
11.98 

13.98 

14.00 

163.70 

36.80 

S-75 

37'05 

133- »9 

8.00 
30.69 
11.54 

9.70 
43-17 
33.19 
aS.9« 
18.90 
33.07 



6*ii,d«o'r3o^i«»'| 



The proportion of delM' to asseuinthe eaaeof most of the Ontario municipalities which are in 
amarsraa shewn abevoj is truly ridicOloul tad woof courMceaae to wondci- that they ate in arreara 
when.w»remambet how firdraaally valueieai to-the. municvialitier an <th« railinbad iDvesttMnU they 
made. , 

It ia tnt that nolatereet on the anntMn of mteM*t haefrt been dunaed by< Government, but not- 
withataa^ingthiAtWtf mar safely 'assert that,jntbt»ooi:thre»uoeptionsi the twOiiy-MX munidpali- 
tie* HOW m all e ar ai eMn«idB<peir and deeper into debt The amounts wMch appear against than in 
the dxnre staument are oouequ^ntly mere Mok aeesunte—thoraughly fictitious^s «Meets of the Pn^ 

• kammamAnA I8M,, 



M 



16 



7}l^ Mumc^^ LoanFkndi 



viflce. At prtvioualy ttoted the uieument roll of thcM localitiM b for tlM mott part statiouiTi if 
not faUioK iXL and the real value of the debt to the Gov imment ia consequently no more than the n»a 
cents on the dollar of annual assessed value, capitalised. If we capitalise at six percent, which ia the 
least rate we ought to assume, the sum will be just five per cent, of the total assessment, which would 
give the following as a very close valuation of the loans made to the railroading municipalitiee afore- 
said :— 



onminiiu *•...••.• 

Brockville 

Cobourg 

Chippewa 

Chatham 

Elixabethtown 

Hope 

London. 



Cmrritd forward, % 



83,849 

53.770 
6a,S36 
is,ote 

51.46s 

38.67* 

4<».7a7 

aaS.695 



567,774 



BrtnthiUrwavd. . 
Lanark M Renfrew .. 

Niagara 

Norwich 

Ottawa 

Ope 

Port Hope 

Perth 

Prescott 



Carritd forvtafi. % 



% 

S«7.774 
•S3.093 

15,40a 
66,904 

900,000 

>8.S»5 

59.67a 

116,368 

30.760 



1,418.498 



Brtmekt/trmmrd.. 

Peterboro 

St. Catharines 

Simcoe 

Stratford 

Windham 

Woodhouse 

Woodstock 



Total. . . . 



1,418,498 

56,335 

taa,038 

"■»S9 

36.7«4 
34<9» 

37*034 
38,039 



>.775.4SS 



But the principal of the loans to these municipalitiea being no less than #^503.400, and the arrears 
being already l3.853>a3a — together |9,^6,63»— it follows that ^,671,177 of the amount should be 
written off, even under existing legislation. Going into particulars, it appears that 84 per cent, or, 
including interest 89 per cent, of the debt due by Brantford is irrecoverable : 87 per cent., or, including 
interest, 93 per cent of that to Brockville, and so on with the rest 

The debts of the municipalities in the first of the above two tables, which are marked (r) aa having 
given aid to railwaya, amount to $566,000, less 1335,164 at the credit of their Sinking Fund, or say 
1340,836. Thus the whole sum which the Province of Ontario would be called upon to assume, in 
order to relieve the municipalities firom their railroad debts, would be :— 

|~ 

>.775.45S 
340.836 



ist The value of the payments by (r')municipalities paying 5 cents in the dollar 
and. The sum still due by solvent (r) municipalities 



Lisa— Amounts expended by these municipalities on local improvementa, via : 
Port Hope, liSo^ooo, but take the capital value of the 5 cents in the 

dollar 159167a 

Chippewa, Village 6,000 

Huron and Bruce, Counties 8,000 

Perth, County 88,000 

St Catharines, Town 9o>ooe 



Lbs»— Amounts realised or held in productive bonda by borrowing mtmidpaU- 
ties, to which the following is an approximation : — 

Guelph •# 19*000 

Port Hope, say • 100,000 

Niagara. Town 4SiOiK> 

Brantfoid, Town 960,000 

St Catharines, Town aB,ooo 

Stratford, Town • 85,000 

Peterbore', Town , • So^ooe 



Lass— The amounts aet down aa the camtalixed value of the 5 cents in the 
dollar due from Woodstock, Simcoe, Woodhouse, Norwich and Windham, 
the court of Chancery having prevented the Province fit>m ooUectini 
amount sdue from them until the Niagara and Detroit Rivera RaMroad ahall 
have been constnicted '. 



Net.» 



»5i.6»a 



717,600 



i«>.774 



a,ii6,a9t 



i,i«%A«6 



|94«. 



«45 



It would be eaay, then, to doee the Fund, as a fimd, at once, for the Province codd take the 
ordinary 6 per cent, debentures of all the municipalitiea in pavment of their indebtedneae^ rdieving 
them fnm their obligadons to the Fund, whether definite or tnaefinite. Of these 6 per cent debea- 
tares, a certain amount, (about f 1,000,000) ahould be handed to munidpalities which niade advaneea 
to railroada prior to 1861 from the proceeda of their own debenturn, and the balance coold be 
held as a fund of which the interest might go in aid of railway construction in parts 01 the Province which 
do not aa yet enjoy it. The mwiicipSlities could be allowed to deal with, these debentures aa irith their 
ordinary ponds, and the prompt way in which ail the oountiea, Mwnships, eitiea and towns in Ontario 
have always met their regular debenture obligations should prevent all auspidon that interest and prin- 
dpal would not be duly paid. Were thia done, whid> the nch Province of Ontario is well able to doi 
since the total burden to be shifted fma the shoulders of munidpalities to those of the Proviudal 
Government would not exceed two milhons, the localities which are now opp r ess ed with debt woaM 
again begin to thrive,*a reproach to oar finance woaU be sriped away, railway oonstructioa «oidd 
aSain commence under better aosmces, so that coflateral ais well as direct advaatagee would result to 
the whole Province aa well as to the municipaUties dHMt teply faiterested. 



Comin{; now to the Quebec Fund, it becomes at diee apparent that the same neeeaaity for 
Provincial mterforence does not exist, for whmas in Ontm^Sb per cent, of the Loan Fund of 1^,300^000 



* Th« sanual vine e< th» swsi p a i yiuixi l j of tl < mnn telp s Htk s et Onfrlo smite* to «hj 

.. ff^g^^ tlw PsMilMr OsttwU St/ksve « taaily 



Intho i llara-tissn fr «m (toorJslMpSlD th* 
9t;W>.C<» ia IHS«> 8Mft>,C A <n IM^ vrtian ths 
amaldpslUIss apfssss MM thsabeva ssssHSMBi 



of5« 



raoorlossMi (but the niomal vaino of ihogfagartv sCths 1 
^ . tnU«f«oi^t»0,fl» 



Tkt MitMiei/a/ Loan Fiuid, 



IT 



• advaaotd for ra'IroMU, In QutbM only m pwr emt. of a flind of |a,4*S. 140 wu m ntad.* Tho 
Ibnlaaoe waa wad for looal impr^vanianU, ine purehaM of Mod'grain, ftc. wii append, howavtr, for 
Itho porpoM of makinf thia aniela mora oomplata, a llM aiiawlng tho orincipal munidpaliUaa whidb 
Ihave anaan t y and thoaa whwh havo an amoHnI at tha Ofadit or thair Sinking Fund. If tho 
Inccauity ihoi; . ' . ar ariao, at It haa alraady arinn In Ontario, aa ihown by tha dacrtuing aaMsimant 
IroUt of the inc. 'ArA muni cipalitlaa, for daallng with tha matter bjr raeana ouuide exiating lawi, it will 
Ibetime enough tonamine in the Ytmr Bttk tha relation of their debt to their property. 

. I. MuNiciPALiTint IN Arruam (Quebec). 



MunidpaUtiea. 



icton,Tp ...... 

Ei'ermont. Vil 

jranby, fp. (r). . . 

>vis,Town 

}tuwa, Co. (r}.... 
)uebec,City<r).... 

,loxton,Tp 

Bhe.Toid, Ca (r)... 
Bhefford,Tp. (r)... 
Bherbrooke, Town. 

Btanbridge, Tt> 

gtanitead, Co. M. 

e. AnnedelaPe 
St. Germain, Ri 

moudd. Pariah... 



Am't of 
loan. 



3».ooo 

30,000 
40,000 

131,600 
So,ooo 
30,000 

115.000 
17.500 



50,0 
71,0 



50,000 



Am't of 
arrears. 



Total 
debt. 



«J».977 

aS,oil 

115,110 

4l>4i< 

%' 

So*S09 

«o»«9l 



t 

4«i«9» 
10,196 

49»'» 

•HS77 

IM17 

l50(iS0 

100,981 

fS.M7 
•01,509 
|0»09] 



ISfSjA , >3*336 



Munleipalltiea. 



St. John, Town.... 
St. Michel, Belle- 

chaeae 

St. Rofflualdd'Et- 

chamin 

St. Romuald da 

Famham 

Terrebonne, Coun- 



ty (r) 
Three Rivers, 

Count/ (r),.. 

Trlng,Tp 

Sorei, Town. . . 
Municlpalitlea with 

leas than 9ao,ooo 



Am'to 
loan. 



% 

34,000 

ao,oao 

30,000 

94,000 

aao,ooo 
ao,ooo 
ao,ooo 

a6a,ais 



Am't of 
arrear*. 



ia,7i8 
«6,»59 
«4.53* 
18,718 

93»»3* 
>3S.46« 

13,00* 

4,688 
113,359 



Total 
debt. 



33,718 
40.»S9 
34>536 
48,718 
187,136 

355.461 
33,005 
34.688 

374,779 



a. MUNiciPALiTlia not in Arrears (Quebec). 



Municipabtit 



Lstoa, Township 
Chester, Wei^i.. . 

Ehicoutimi 

jnplain 

trande Bale. • • ■ 
lam ft South Ham 
Jontreal 
lewton 



lipsbttiff . . . . 
duLac.. 



trud/orwaniii 833,075 



Amount 
of Loan. 



Amount at 

credit of 

Sinking 

Fund. 



$ 

t,000 

675 

5,000 

I 

4.000 
I,' 



3,000 

400 

S,000 

3.00P 
I 



91 

■41 

»4^4»i 

7> 

34 

a 

13 
■OS 



*44i34S 



Total 
Debt. 



# 

1,000 
630 

'85 

8S7.S79 
9»» 

398 
1)947 
••79S 

1,000 



S77.730 



Municipalities. 



Amount 
of Loan. 



BriqriU forward.. 
St. Christophe d'Ar. 

St. Frederic 

St.Oenevleve(Batis.) 
St Helena 



St. Jean Baptlste 
St. Jean, Cincoutimi, 
St. ill ' 



..arcisse> 

St'. Stanislas 
'remblay... 
Varannes . . . 
Warwick ... 
Wolton 



Totala I 



% 

833,075 

1,000 

1,000 

750 

1,300 
3,000 
400 
1,000 
1,000 
3,400 
3,000 
1,000 
1,000 



836.835 



Amount at 

credit of 

Sinking 

Fund. 



# 

S44.34S 
56 
56 
369 
315 
16 
18 

% 
an 
388 



346,014 59o.8>t 



Total 
Debt. 



% 

904 
«,^ 

870 

I,6l3 

904 
913 



The Maritime Provinces have nothing In the shape of a Municipal Loan Fund to deal with' 
here is, indeed, no municipal system yet In sithar Nova Scotia or New Brunswick. In the former 
e counties are not organised for any mail purpose save for tha collection of school taxes, and in the 
tter there are bat three or four munleipditMt with corporate powers. In Nova Scotia the Govem- 
snt has been in the habit of slMndlni fflonay not only for the construction of railways but for the 
aprovement of common roads, and for Duildlng small piers and wharves on the coast. No interest- 
aring securities have bean taken for that* aavancat. In New Brunswick a similar plan has been 
opted, but not carried to tha sama axtant. 

It will therefore be wen that for the Provincial Oovemmenta of Ontario and Quebec to assume 

imunidpal debtt contracted for railroad purpotaa prior to tha dosing of the M. L. Fund, would 

'-T be, in effect, placing the paopla of thoM provlneos in a similar position with respect to these im- 

cements to that actually bald by tha Inhabitanta of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Moreover, 

I would place on a mora satisftctory basts as ngards comparison the finances of the Upper and 

mr Provinces. It has been made a aufajoct of eomplaint by Nova Scotia that to Ontario waa 

knded over the Municipal Loan Fund, which wia an Interest-bearing asset. It was not seen that 

' interest came out or the paopit of Ontario. If the immense figures at which the Fund is set 

J were reduced to their real vsliM, as shewn In tha above article, and if, further, the burden now 

kme by a sufiferiug few were distributed among tha many who participate in the &cilities which rail- 

* ^ give, it would make tha whole matter much plainer to all parties concerned. 

Jk In other woeis, tbs Oataile onmls^Miss pm ila MaMS ss mad. to loosl nllioadsM tlM Qmbse mnal- 
I did. 



I 

i 

! 1 1 



" li 



iii 



,|: 



li 



13 it 



I 



Ml '! 



pi it 

fei i 



BANKING. 



The bank systems of the several Provinces of the Dominion are not uniform, but Government and 
Parliament have shewn a disposition to take up the subject of banking at \in early date, and the 
monetary laws will, no doubt, be soon assimilated. The main features ofthe existing state of affairs 
are these :— 

The Banks in all the Provinces are all joint stock enterprises, specially chartered by the Legisla- 
tures, except the Bank of British North America, which exists by royal charter.* 

There are 39 chaitersf in existqpce in Canada, of which a6 are in operation, besides the Bank 
of Bntish North America, which does business in and is in a manner common to all the Provinces. 

In Ontario 6 I In New Brunswick 4 

In Quebec 11 1 In Ifoya Scotia s 

The capital of these various banks varies from ^60,000 to |6,ooo,ooo. Their total authorisad 
capital is 138,000.000— the greater part of which is paid up. 

The shareholders ofthe Bank of British North America are limited in their liability to the amttunt 
of their stock, but their notes under $4 still issued under the "Free Banking Act" ofthe late 
Province of Canada, are exceptionally secured bv the dtfpodt under that Act of Government debenturta. 

In the Ontario and Quebec charters, the uarehulden are nominally liable to twioa the amount 
of their stock, but it is boieved that legal difficultiea would interltre with the realisation of any further 
amount than that of the stock subscribed. There is one exception to the above, the Banqno du Peuple, 
which is really a partnership *h eommandiit, in wMch, whue the shareholders are onlv liable to the 
extent of their stock, the directors are liable under certain limitations fqrall the debts ofthe bank. 

In New Brunswick, also, the double KaUlity dalni usually nists, if not in the original charters, 
then in the amendmenta which several banks have from time to time obtained. 

^n Nova Scotia, the ahaidiokien appear to be liable for a furt^r «vioiuit equal to the stock they 
hold, but only in case of maladministration or violation ofthe provisions of these banks' incorpon- 
tion. 

The notes issued by banks are not in any province a leml tend«i but they an everywhera redeem- 
able in gold at thephce of issue. In Quebec, Ontario and New Branswick, thMe notes are of the 
denominations of #1, |a, 14, $y |io, f ao, I50, f 100, |«oo, and liooo. In Nova Scotia, banks are not 
allowed to issue notes of lesa than t^ bvt the issue of ^ jls, and iio Provincial notes hia supplied 
the deficiency. The Dominion Government will soon issue |i and la notes then too. 

Government notes, it may be stated, are a legal tender, payable fai gcjd on demand at the officea 
ofthe Bank of Montreal, (as agent for the Government,) in Montreal and Toronto. 

Notes stamped " St John " have also been issued in New Brunswick, and are redeemable in 
gold at the office ofthe Bank of Montreal in St John. The currency of New Brunswick and that of 
Quebec and Ontario being of the same value, the Bank of Montreal also redeems in St. John the 
notes stamped " Montreal " and " Toronto." 

Notes stamped *' Halifiuc" have also been lately iMued in Nova Scotia, and are redeemable in 
gold at the office ofthe Bank of Montreal in Halifox. Nova Scotia current being of less value than 
that ofthe rest of the Dominion, (the sovereign being 95, instead of 94>8o|,) these notes are only 
taken by the Bank of Montreal in St. John at 3 per cent, discount, which is about their value in 
Quebec and Ontario also. 

The character and standing of the banks is really the only security for the redemption of notes, 
althoueh most of the Quebec and Ontario charten contain stipulations that tha circulation shall not 
exceed the joint amount ofthe paid up capital, specie and Government securities held by banks, and 
that their total liabilities dull not exceed three times this amount In New Brunswick, the principal 
restriction seems to be that the total liabilities of the banks shall not exceed twice their capital In 
Nova Scotia, that they shall not exceed thrice their capiul. 

In Ontario and Quebec, the banks are obliged to hold 10 per cent of their paid up capital iti 
Government securities. No such condition obtains in the other Provinces. 

Nowhere is there any guarantee for the safety of deposits or compulsion as to the way in which 
they shall be invested. 

The rate of discount throughout the Dominion is now regulated by sectious 17, 18, and 19 of 
31 Vic, cap. II, which provide that Banks shall not incur any penalty for usury. They may 
stipulate for any rate of discount not exceeding seven per cent, in advance ; but no higher rate is 
recoverable. In addition to the discount, however. Banks may, in discounting paper elsewhere than 
where payable, charge one-eighth of one per cent on paper running less than 30 days, and an addi- 
tional one-eighth for every ouer 30 days. This is when it ispayable at its own branches. If payable 
elsewhere than at its own branches, it may duuge | of i per cent for agency, kc., in addition to the 
discount. 

The practical operation of these clauses is to allow of free trade in money, and of classification 
of customers. At the prasent time, certain customera can get money from Banks at 6 per cent., or 
less ; others are paying lo^ 10^, or more. 

In our last Year Book we stated that we hoped to be able to present thu year a able shewing the 
monthly fluctuations of bank business throughout the Dominion, but we are as yet unable so to do, 
because several ofthe banka in the Lower Provinces have until now ne(;Iected the law which directb 
them to make regular returns to Government We therefore give this statement for Ontario and 



• There ue s few prlTSta Banks, owned b^ IndlTldinle one in Toronto, two in Hallf iz. 
t From a epeech dellrered in Pkrlliinont by Hon Hr. Boee, Minirter of Finance, we extraot the f oUowlngr :— 
"The time dnwB nigh St which the ohartora of ell the iMnki in the old FroTiiee of Canada will expire. They 
' are limited in tlivir openUon 1 1 Jane, 1870, and until the end of the then next leieion of Parliament. There are 
' S banlci in Kot.^ Bcotb, with an agnente capital of eSMI.roO, expiting in IB71 ; another in Hew Bmiuwiok, with a 
■ capital of 1 100,000, expiring in IWi 1 mother in New Bnmawiok, with a capital of WOl.OOO, in 1R76 1 one in Vara 
' SootU. with a capital of jiS},000, in 1D7S 1 one in Hnr Branswick, with a capital of tWJ.OOO, in 188 >; one in Nora 
' Scotia, with a capital of tlW,OUO, in 1885 ; und laitijr, one in Mew Branswick, with a capital of t6O,O0O, in 1880, 
' bejrond wMch no bonk diMter in Canada extends." 



Banking, 



1» 



t Governmtnt and 
irly date, and th« 
ng state of affain 

id by the LegUla- 

beeidet the Bank 
the Provincea. 



ir total authoriatd 

ility to the amount 
Act" of the late 
iment debentuna. 
kwioa the amount 
tionofanyfiirthar 
SanqneduPeupIc, 
I only liable to the 
>ts of the bank. 
) original chaiten, 

J to the stock they 
banks' incorpora- 

rerywhere redeem- 

e notes are of the 

wtia, banks are not 

notes hM vivsHinA 

too. 

mand at the offices 

ire redeemable in 
inswick and that of 
ts in St. John the 

are redeemable in 

ofless value than 

se notes are only 

out their value in 

lemption of notds, 
rculation shall not 
teld by banks, and 
iwick, the principal 
their capital In 

paid up capital iti 

the way in which 



md of classification 
Ls at 6 per cent., or 

ttble shewing the 
et unable so to do, 
law which dlrecti* 

for Ontario and 



auabec only, referring to the Vtar Bttk tor 1M7, page 19, and to that for 1S68, page 39, for Agures 
hich will carry back this table to January, iHAi 1— 



Ontario 

and 
Quebec. 



July 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

reby. 

MaKh 

April 

May 
June 



1867. 

3« 

3« 

S« 

31.... 

30 

3«.... 
1868. 

31.... 
99.... 
31.... 
30.... 
31.... 
30.... 



Paid up 
Capital. 



Deposits, 



Circulation. 



$ 

»9.735iMi 
a9,99a,aio 

3o.*<»»i3S* 
30,a89,4ii 
3o,aoo,3«6 
30,413,086 

30,6ia,7ao 
30,730,000 
•8,044,310 
«8,3S8,764 
38,463,300 
38,339,048 



8,316,889 
8,036, )66 

9,I34*9M 

10,119,069 

8,703,961 

8,080,374 

8,718,938 

8,603,381 

8,33},9|l 

7.6»r»7M 
7,394,409 
7,309,700 



Not bearing 
Inlarast, 



14,190,679 
"J.9}6t»9J 
14.l84.9ii 
14.988,763 

1S.i31.984 
•4.I97.3SO 

13,973.043 
13.331.813 
i3.49«.8oi 
«3.««l.963 
I3i6«9.»77 
<3«93«.oii 



Rearing 
Interest. 



il.9S4.»48 
16,183,877 
16,307 s88 

16,137.894 
• S.7««f3S« 
i3.39*.337 

IS.74<*.I43 
16,033,619 
13,766,383 

■S.934.93S 

16,110,817 

i6,339,3<5 



Specie and 

Provincial 

Notes. 



$ 

7.933.336 
7.343.503 
6.94».593 

J ,973,900 
.949.033 
9,089,40a 

9.770,373 
8,944.4M 
8,113,864 

7t4<ii>839 
8,337.163 
8,io(,368 



Discounts. 



$ 

49.3'4.>34 
30,384.373 
S3 5M.92* 
35,360,383 

3».7»3.»9J 
50,663,969 

31,175,389 
9i.995f951 
47.S39.»9> 
47,067,88a 
46,700,009 
46,143,03s 



In March, 1868, a reduction is to bo notiead la the paid up eapiul of the Batiks. This is due to 
the disappeanmee from tha ratoms of tlw statement of the Commercial Bank, the q\dt»t bank ill 
Ontario, which waa obliged to auspend opamtions and to boeume amalgamated with the Merchanta.* 
Bank, two-thirda of tta capital stock of 84,000^000 diiappeariag in tha procew. 

To complete the above table, we twfmn a autatwnt skewing the circulation of the Govemmest 
notes, and the per centaga the Government iaaue beara to the total. Il will be seen, by comparifig 
this with the shnilar statement given hut year, that tha OovarnnMnt Issues, in Quebec and On- 
tario, are sk>wlv but ateadiy galming on taosa of privata banks. No doubt, were Government to 
order iu officials at tha custctm houses, pest oAeas, fte., to show any preference for Government 
notes, they would soon supplant the others > but It is aucstlonabia whether public opinion would support 
such a step, add it q>pears Uhel* that tha L^latloii whwh must soon bo had will rather compel tha 
banks to hold aper cenUge of taeir citculatim or of thatr dapositt ia Oovenmant secucilies, thaa 
deprive them oTtheir power of tsauing notaa 1— 



Ontario 

and 
Quebec. 



1867. 
July .... 

Aug 

Sept 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 

1868. 

Jany 

Feby 

March . . . . 
April . . . . 
May . . . . 
June . . . . 



July 



Bank 

Circulation 

Que. and Ont. 



$ 

8,316,880 
8,036,366 
9>>34.9W 
10,119,069 
8,703,961 
8,080,374 

8,718,938 
8,603,383 
8,333,938 
7.607,734 
7,394,409 
7,309,700 



6.936,496 



Government Circulation 
Quebec and Ontario. 



Aug. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

Jany. 

Feby. 

March 

April 

lay 

une 

uly 



7.... 
4.... 
3.... 
6.... 
4.... 
I.. .. 

3.... 
4..,. 
I.... 
6**1.1 

3 

I 



Aug 3.. 



1.479«693 
3,S33,693 
3.339.693 

),9l|,343 

4,008*343 
4,363,343 

4.«47.74» 
4f iJv|Ooo 

3.743.000 

3,33i,ooo 

3,718,000 
3,731,000 



Total 

Circulation 

Que* and Ont. 



Percentage of 

Govt CirciuatioB 

to total 



I 

11,696,583 
tt. 349,039 
13,694,613 

• 4.037.3" 
13,713,303 
«a.345.S«6 

13,966,670 
13,730,383 
11,968,938 

««.«4».7S4 
11,013,409 
10,960,700 



3,674,000 



10,630,496 



I 

39*7 

3»7 
»7-4 
MS 

SJ 

36.8 
37.3 
39.0 
31.3 
31.6 
3'-7 



3»-7 



The circulation of Government notes is not confined to the above figures, which represent tha 
circulation in Quebec and Ontario only. .. 

The circulation in New Brunswick is not yat large* In Nova Scotia it is assuming considerable 
proportions. The following were the amounts in circulation ct the middle of September in all the 
Provinces :— • 



In Nova Scotia $103,000 

In New Brunswick. 60,000 



In Quebec and Ontario 14,138,000 

Total (4,381,000 



The following table shews the paid up capital, circulation, deposits, specie and discounts of the 
various banks in the Dominion, and as the similar labia in the Kror Btok for 1868 gave these 
particulars for July, so also does the preMnt table* 

The banks are claaaified aa belonging to that Province in which the head office is. 



« At the baciantaiff of Oetohor, the foUowIng were Mm Somtnlon neiss in olrmUtlon 1 

QmImo and Ontario «>*, t*JMt,<VO 

BoraBootia ,.**.* ..**..... l.a,000 

H«w Bmniwlek .......*... M.'HIO 

Total .•4,775,000 

This rapIS taorcsM, In so short a tbno, shsw* that the Clovwnmmt note lystam tt not m faialMtio u wniK. wrltan 
iMTourgad. Ritrawshad aa esfaaiioaof haUamtlUontaafortatcM— fsqnlf«a,o< wbim, fortha moriiirof the 
'^raps to maricM. 



P 



'>i| 

.'f! 






''''■■ 1-' 



-'HI 



^'M 






^ 



iHm\ 



m 



f 



20 



iri 



Btmkhtg. 



ofBaak. 



ONTAlia 

Oon Btnk 

Mtaian DiM. Budi 
■anKofToroato... 

4)iilarie Bask < 

Boyal Canadian Bk. 
*BMk af Coouaaraa. 



Qimne. 
■aak of MonU«al< 

Qoabae Bank 

GttT Bank 

Btt&BritidiN.A.. 
Banqoa du Paupia 
IfolMaa Baak . . . . 
Baalam Town'pa Bk. 
Baaqna Natkmala. . • 
Baaqiia J. Cartiar . . 
MwdMifta' Bank . . . 
Union Bank of L. C 
Mnchankn'Bank... 



MBW ntWMSWtCKi 

VaakorN.Braniw'k 
Commardal Bank. . . 
PlM»to'8Bank(a)... 
Bkstaphan'aBank.. 



NOVA aCOTIA. 

Imk of Nora Scotia. 
Ui^ Bank, Hali&s 
FMpla'a Bank. ... 
■anEofYannouth 
Commercial Bank. 
Windaor 



Oiand Totaf for the 
Dominion .. 



Paid-up 
CapilaT 



]os.<as 

OOOpOOO 
A|O00i|O0O 

«.09Ji87S 

91M4S 



5.944.MS 



Circttlalion. 



% 

aei.sis 

9*3-014 



3«7ia>>34 



6|000|Ooo 

«^7«.3So 
itaoOjOoo 
4.866,666 
i,6oOkoeo 

1,00(^000 

400,000 

1,000,000 

99i>3SS 

a.999ii43 

9»»i«S« 

a7«.09S 



»».r7*f490 



600,000 

6oOiO0o 

60,000 

aoo,ooo 



i.46o,( 



361,146 
499i*S3 
3«».«»7 
|j,077 



91,78a 
104,649 
»3tSSi 

6}i,36o 
•9.9*3 



3,841.663 



400,09} 
319.306 
100,000 
a33.s03 



i.«4Si*04 



Dopoaita. 



Not baarinil Baaring 



Intarait 



% 

«»*.3«$ 

i.»Sa.4«5 
Mi393 
•30.740 



8,918,171 



S.?«S.*«» 

63>.«7i 
S4*>5>4 

i»a44.49t 

S6>4*4 
'3I.S9S 
«40»7J6 
•j9.««3 

103.318 



10,847,601 



latefoat. 



t 

>4*.3S* 
7«.J^ 
».»S4.7»9 
9t6»S4; 
>33t94> 
739.4*7 



3.959.40* 



S.]64,48a 

830,981 

776,1*6 

>(38ot343 

»77.»3 

307.147 

7S>3'S 

»7S.«>4 
440.99* 
«.i»*.077 
»*4.47i 
1*3.019 



i».7S*.43o 



»3 

lO^OOO 

»3.9*7 



3*0,000 
400,000 
400^000 
1*9,400 

64,980 



i.SS4»38o 



3*8,788 

iia.S40 
1*3,000 
134.8*0 

63,000 



8*a,758 



749.3a* 



«37.SS4 
"i4«7 

«9.97« 



*7*»a9* 
17.603 
ao^ooo 
38,16a 



701,983 



75*.oa3 

633.36a 

3S«.9;3 

178,7*1 

i4.*S8 

37.101 



I.835.803 



Spadaand 

Provincial 

Notaa. 



% 

I9S.33> 

S7.« 
S" 
719.390 
6S9-670 
8*9.466 



«.9*8.477 



«.90i.7*7 
44».844 
*9*.090 

8»4.*S5 

*I7>4SS 

*74.93a 

38.033 

liiiiH 
114,301 

S«»»o83 



*,i6*|0*i 



3«9i«73 
8a,36o 

JO^OOO 

>ft*7* 



45«.»09 



aoa,ai3 

8».739 
98,90* 

11,6*3 

10,809 



DitaonnU. 



% 

730,014 

S|7.3iS 
*,4*4,i87 

3.97M73 
8.379. »7* 
*.oi4,63* 



ia,».>^tvi< 



ia,4*3,>4S 
*,386,03l 

*.**9.i9S 
3.4*7.877 
1.816,843 

».337.«83 

477.*8o 

i|i*3.333 



1,630,3*7 
*>93*.7*8 
i.48S.>83 



8.93*. 
.483. 
37».oi3 



33.8o4,3a<) 



1.886,78} 

1,008.008 

IJOfOOO 

343.938 



49*.8S8 



3i330.**S 



i.898,4?7 
777.0*8 

74*719 
190.613 



3.303.408 



.. 31.735.095 I 8,8*4,848 [ 13 ,^7,083 

(») littimto. Hontomi. 



18,703,664 



10.077.995 



58.737.517 



») aiUJaaaaiy, MM. 



f> 



Barrio 
VartHop* 
Cobottis .. 



8) Tm Bank or Toronto. (3) 
ootraal D. Coulaoo. 

Alex. Smith. 
J. M. Smith. 
A.M. Ceabr., 
J. H. Ropar. 

(c, ONrAMO Bank. (11) 
Montreal .... i H. Stamaa. 
. W. Wad*. 
.1. Smart. 
laH.G.McVitv 
. a. EaatMood. 



Ottawa.. . 
Port Hope 
Liadaay.. 
Patarboro 
Oshawa .. 
Whitby... 
Tonnto *• 
^miltot'. 
Goalph... 
Waterloo (C.>. 



M) Royal Canadian Bk. (*3) 



The Mlowing are the plaoea at which the above Baoka have branches, and the ««"«ff of their 
Vaaagers;— 

(a) ThbOorbBank. (3) 
l^llwa. McCracken, Manager, at 
itad office, Hamilton.) 

Oait iTohn Davidson. 

Sfaaooe iDan. CampbelL 

Woodstock . . .|Robert Park. 



I ......... 



A. J Jam, 
A. Ifkti'roy, 
K. Uf .4a. 
D. ia. Ci^wfetd. 



Bowman vine 

Brampton 

Chatham. 

Clinton... 

Cobonig. 

Feigna... 

Gait 

Goderich.. 
Hamilton. . . . 
Kingaton. ... 
Montreal .... 
Newmarket.. 

Ottawa 

P»ri8 

P^h 

Peferboro . . . 
Port Hope. . . 
Port Perry. « . 
Ss'ii<'wth ...... 

St wat h ar in aa. 

Siratford.. 

\ldiby 

Wuodatodb... 



R. Yonng. 
R. C Fitagerftld. 
W. H. M^iaaU. 
M. Lowh. 
Alfred Stow. 
John Beattie. 
G. H. Patterson. 
A.M. Roea. 
U. McKinstry. 
Geo. E. Smau. 
M. H.Gault. 

io8.Cawthra. 
I. P.Havsa. 
Norman Totten. 
Robt Freeman. 
W. M. Ogilvie. 
A.H.MacaoagaU 
Toe. Bigelow. 
H.R.Raaaen. 
J. Am. Goodman 
JameaYoong. 
A. Ridiardson. 
J. M. Boms. 



(e) Canadian Bank or Com 

MBXCB. (6) 



G.W. Sandilands 
C. R. Mnrray. 
H. S. Strathm. 
H. C. Barwick. 



-vsm 



Gnelph 

Haaulton 

Liondon 

St Catherines. 

Barrio. 

Stiathruy 

(f} Ba'(k f>. V: , a, (88) 
(R ", Am,.-,, >..>«ger, at 

head u.ilce, Montreal.) 
Branektt : 

Toronto 

Qoebec. ..... 

Hamilton ■•• 
Ixmdon ..... 

Ringaton .... 

Cobonrg 

Belleville.... 
Brantntd. . . • 
Bradcville . . . 

Otttwr 

Ooelph 



G. W.Yarker,- 

(Actiiw.) 
P. P.HarriaT^^ 
W. I. Buchanaa 
F. W. Thomaa. 
R. AS. Moore, 
ohn Portaoua. 
y. R. Dean. 
S.Raad. 
J. N. Travara. 
A.Dmnuaond. 
C Broi«h(Ac'g) 



JSankitg. 



21 



Diaeoaau. 



$ 

S37>3>5 
1,464,187 

J*97M73 
••579. "T* 
s,oi4,6jft 



ia,>.>^,V?i 



>i3Wi03i 



Si4*7.«77 
1,816,843 

«.337.««S 
477.«8o 

ii>63>335 
1,630,3*7 
a,9]6,7a8 
>i4>St>'3 
37«.oi3 



33i8o4>S») 



i,8a«,7a< 

1,008,008 

ijo,oao 

34St93> 



3>330|Ms 



«.«9».<97 
777.06J 

74*719 

190,613 



3)30S>4oa 



>S S>i737>5>7 



umea of thtir 

Bank or Com 

. (6) 

■W. Sai|dil«icb 



m 



R. Momy^ 
:. S. Strathqr. 
:. C. Barwick. 
.E. lall; 

3. iima 

ir-iViL, (>8) 
: nmr. at 
Hontnal.) 

. W.Yarker,- 

(AcUiv.) 

'. I. Buchanao. 
>W.Thomaa. 
. M. Moon. 
»hnPortooaa. 
'. ILDean. 
Raad. 
N.Travafa. 
, DnuBiaoiid. 
Bra«gii(Ae'f) 



Tha asBMwl tabio aad lUt |ivt tha a* > «. of tho priadpal oAcar aad of tba aatnu at all tha 
_jaa of tha baaka, tba ameuat of mcb b^n'M* abara* and tba portion tbaraof cauad up, tba laal 
balf yaarly dividaad dadartd, and tha prica of ita abaraa at tba lataat availablo data :— 



Nana of 



Oora Bask 

Niagara Diatriet Bk. 
Bank of Toronto . . . 

OnUrioBank 

Royal Canadian Bk 
Canadian Bank of 

Commarca .... 
BankofMontraal 



Maaanr or 
Cubier.* 



No. of 
branch'a 

(li ^d 
oAcfcx 
eluded ; 



W. O. Caaaala, CaaUar, 

Hamilton 

CM. Arnold, Cj^St Cath 
G. Hagua, C., Toronto. 



agua 
abar, 



D Fiabar, C, Bowm'villc 



guebac Bank . . . 
ityBank 

Bank of I'riiiah 
N' "S/vmo ic 
Bmiji" i *ui 
v.jlaoas '>aii 
^..Towaa.upaBkuk. 

bkuqu > I .itionalo ... 
Banque j ^ e. Cartiar. 
Mercbanta' Bank... 
Union Bank, L. C 
Mechanicn' Bank. . . 
Bk.of i^. Branawick 
Commarcial Bank of 

Naw Branawick. 
Pcoplo'a Bank .... 
St. Stephan'aBank. 
Bank of Nova Scotia 
Union Bk. of Halifax 
Peopla'a Bank of do. 
Bank of Yarmoutb. 



Com'l Bk., Windaor 



T. Woodaida, C, Toronto 

R. J. Dallaa, C, Toronto 

E. H. -Kina, Ganeral 
Manager, Montreal . 

J. Stevenaon, C, Quebec 
r. MaccuUoch, Montreal. 
Tboa. Paton, General 

Manager, Montreal . 
B. H. Lemoine, C, Mon'l 
Wm. Sache, C, Montreal 
Wm. Farwell, jr., C, 

Sberbrooke 

F. Veiina, C, Quebec 
H. Cotte, C, Mw^ntreal... 
fackaon Rae, C, Mont'l 
Wm. Dunn, C., Quebec. 
Alex, Molaon, C, Mont'l 
W.Girvan, C. St. John'a 



G. P. Sancton, C, 



R. Wataon, C, St.Steph'a 
Jaa. Forman, C, Haliihx 
W. S. Stirling, C, '• 
Peter Jack, C. •• 
J. W. H. Rowley, C, 

Yarmouth 

D. H.Clarke, C.Wind'r 



Amount 
of each 
Share. 



3(a) 



<(b) 
n 'r) 
»3(dJ 

•(e) 

«8(q 

7(f) 
3(h) 

II (i) 



a(k) 
a(o; 



19(1), 
I (m) 



I40 

|ioo 

flOO 

«4o 
II50 

IS" 

|iOO 

^100 
l«o 

j£5oatg, 
I50 
•io 

ISO 
gioo 
fioo 
|ioo 

ISO 
faoo 

I too 



Amount 

called 

up. 



|iOO 

faoo 

|ioo 

|ao 

|ioo 

I40 



tioo 
840 
•so 

•so 

laoo 

8100 

»8o 

j£so atg. 
850 

850 

•so 
•so 

8100 

iiSo 
•So 

8aoo 

8100 



Dividend pr. cent 
laat year. 



lat 6 I and 6 
monlha.' montba. 



8<oa 

8aoo 

840 

830 

ete 

tao 



p.c. 

i 

4 
4 
4 



4 

3 

4 
4 

4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 

6 



p.C. 



i 



3} 

4 
4 
4 



5 

ik 

4 

4i 

4 
4 

4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
6 



Price of 
Sharea, 
Oct. ,'68 



PC 

40 
9» 
"7 
99 
9» 

103 

»36 

99 

103 

«H 

to6 






•Of 

106 
toa. 

<X> 
13a 

as 

too 

»49 

13a 
«30 

04 
100 



a 0. iUndi for Cubier. 



Place* at which the above Banka have branchea, and the names of their Managers— (Ctfu/zMMt/.) 



Bank op Montrbal— (C«n.) 
Aftncu* 



Whitby. 

Peterboro .... 

Goderich 

Stratford 

Picton 

Perth 

Si mc o a ....... 

Cornwall 

St Mary's. . . . 
St. Catharinea. 

Lin I. say 

£lora ..4 

Fergus 

Port Hope. . . . 

Samia 

Hali£u, N.S.. 
St. Johii,N.B. 






G. T. Macnider 
(Acting) 
B. Richardaon. 
W.Richardaon. 
Ho«E. 
A. Despard. 
Munroe. 
W. P. Street 

tCox. 
Millyaad. 
A. B. Budianan. 
H. Dunaford. 
W. P. Newman. 
G. D. Ferguson. 
W. P. Crombie. 
A. Vidal. 
E. C. Jones. 
A. Macnider. 



:) The Quncc Bakk. (7) 

H. V. Nod. 

W. Rhind. 

R. H. Bethttne. 



Ottawav 

Montreal 

Toronto 

Agtneitt: 
Three Rivera.. 
St. Catharines 
Pembroke 
Ga^e.... 



iDO. McDougall 
>. R. Wilkie. 
E. B. Crombie. 
Lowndes, Bros. 



(h) The City Bank. (3) 

Brunch: 
Toronto John Moat. 

A/nncut: 
Sberbrooke.. 



Quebec. 



W. Addie. 
DanL McGie. 



(i) Thb Bank op British N. 
America, (n) 

(A. C. Hooper, Aaat Manager, 
Manager at head oflSce, Mon- 
treal.) 



Branches : 

Suebec 
ttawa 

Kingston 

Toronto 

Hamilton 

Brantibtd .... 

London 

St. John,N.Bc 
Hafiftx, N. S.. 
Victoria, V.Id. 

Ajstncy: 
Baricerviile, 5 

Brit. Col.) 



C. F. Smith. 
A. C. Kelty. 
Jas. Riddell. 
Samuel Taylor. 
W. H. Anderson 
A. Robertson. 
W. C. Menzies. 
R. R. Grindley. 
'as. Goldie. 
GiUen(A'g) 

R. Burrell and 
G. Grant. 



{: 



(k) The Eastern TowNsniaa 

Bank (a) 
Watei1oo(Q.).|W. G. Farmel«« 
Stanstead |A. P. Ball. 

(e) The Merchants' Bank.(i7> 



J.G.: 
Ta8.B 
J.G.I 



Toronto . 
Hamilton... 
Kingaton... . 
Belleville... 
London .... 
Chatham . . . 

Gait 

Windaor. . . . 
Ingeraoll.... 
St. Thomaa. 
Stratford • • . 

Berlin 

Owen Sound 
Walkerton. . 

Preacort 

Perth 

Napaneee... 

m) Union Bank, L. C. (i) 
ontreal P. MacEwen. 

(o) La BANQtm Nationals. (3) 
Agcncu* : I 

Gaspe Basm. .J. LeBoutbiDier. 
Canetoa |Jobn Meagher. 



Harper. 
Bancrmt. 

Macdonald 
And. Thompaon. 
W. F. Harper. 
W. S. IrelwL 
Wm. Cooke^ 
C. D. Graaett. 
C. H. Sorley. 
Jno. McDonaUL 
C. H. RanaoEk 
R. N. Rogers. 
J. Pottenger. 
A. Sproat. 
L. Gibaon. 
Jamea Gray. 
Alex. Smith. 



M 



i 






1 
1'" 



CI 



-^^!' 



22 



Banking — Savings Banks. 






\ ■> 



SAVINGS BANKS. 



The first settlers in a new country have but little money to spare : those who immediately follow 
them spend their savings in improving their farms and residences : Savings Banks are, therefore, not 
the first institutions to take root in virgin soil. But Canada is now passing; into a stage when savings 
nay be expected rapidly^ to accumulate in the hands of the dwellers in cities, towns, and the older 
counties, and a very rapid development of our savings bank system may be confidently looked for. 

The savings otthe people have hitherto been confided to the management : — 

ist. Of Savings Banks proper, i. e. those established under a general law, now repealed. These 
banks are managed by trustees, who invest the deposits in public securities, including bonds or 
debentures of municipalities or chartered corporations, on the nature of which, of course, the solvency 
of the bank depends. 

and. Of the Savings Branches of Building Societies in Upper Canada (Ontario), These societies,^ 
when they have $40,000 paid up and $100,000 subscribed capital, are allowed to receive deposits at 
interest, whi' . \re a first lien on their assets and must not exceed three fourths of the amount of 
capital actua. paid up on shares and invested in real securities, (Consol. Stat. U. C., cap. Iviii., 
aec. 38.) Bull ling societies of this magnitude being usually well managed, it has hitherto been very 
atife to entrust them with monies. 

3rd. Of the chartered banks, several of which have branches for the receipt of small deposits at 
intevest, the security for these being of course the solvency of the bank or its shareholders. 

4. Of the Governmsnts of the Provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 

In New Brunswick, before the Union, the Government was in the habit of receiving deposits one 
day in each month at the offices of the principal -iistrict treasurers, (t. e, collectors of customs,) who 
mid out the withdrawals on the next day and transmitted or drew for the balance on the third. 
This system still for the present continues. Interest allowed, 5, per cent. The St. John Savings 
Bank is an exception to the general New Brunswick rule, in that it is managed by trustees and has 
officers of its own, but its receipts are handed o/er to Government, and it meets its expenses 
chiefly by the difference of interest it pays, (5 per cent.,) and what it receives, (6 per cent.,) on 
^178,000 of treasury debentures, which it has held for many years. 

In Nova Scotia, the Government kept an office for the receipt of savings in the Province Build- 
ing, Halifax, and the Dominion, which inherited its assets and habilities in this particular, still con- 
tinues the institution. 

The Government of the Dominion lost no time in considering the question of savings banks, and 
a* a first step towards the unification of the Savings Bank system, introduced to Parliament at its first 
session, in ihe new Post Office Act, a plan for establishing Savings Banks in connection with post 
offices, the details of which will be found in our articles on the Legislation of last session and on the 
Post Office. 

We will proceed with the statistics of these four different classes of savings institutions in order : — 

I, — Savin§s Banks Propbr. 

Of these, there are two in Ontario* and three in Quebec, of which the following are th* 
■bitistics : — 



Cashier or Manager. . 

Deposits, including in- 
terest credited 

No. of Depositors. ._. . 
I Interest paid or credit- 
ed within the year. . 

ilate of int'st allowed. 

Expenses of Bank. . . . 

Date of statement. • . . 



Northum- 
berland and 

Durham 
Savings B'k. 



David Bum. 

|aj^,982 
900 

8,146 
S per cent. 
1,167 



Toronto 

Savings 

Bank. 



W. D. Mac- 

donell 

$153,242 

847 

6,731 
5 & 6 p. cent 
1.657 



Dec. I, 1867.1 June 30, '68 



Provident 

and Savings 

Bank, 

Quebec. 



Geo. Veasey 

8543.044 
2,965 

25,364 
5 per cent 

6,125 
M'ch 24, '68 



Caisse 
d' Economic 

de N. D. 
de Quebec! 



F. Vezina. 

$945,246 
3.857 

, 43.855 

4 & 5 p. cent 

7.47" 

May 31, i368 



City and 

District 

Savings B'k, 

Moptreal.f 



Total. 



E J Barbeau 

$1,532,496 
5.039 

66,485 

S per cent. 

^ i2,4so 

Dec. 31, 1867 



$3,387,010 
13,608 

150,581 

I 28,970 



The progress of these institutions, since returns commenced to be made to Government, has been 
I under ; — 



Deposits '. 

No. of Depositors 

Interest paid or credited, annually 



1863. 



1864. 



$2,26a,777 

10,322 

Not stated. 



$2,781,701 
12,826 
Not stated. 



1865. 



$2,904,148 

13.274 

119,596 



1866. 



$2,941,761 

13.329 
124,296 



1867-8. 



•3.389.010 

13,608 

150,581 



*> The Home Dlstricl Sarlnsi Bank, menttoned In former retoinii, has been alMorbed Into the Savfiigs Depart- 
Bont of the l(erch*nti' Bank (chartered). 

t Thete initltntioni now have special ehaiten. 



mmediatcly follow 
are, therefore, not 
tage when savings 
US, and the older 
tly looked for. 

repealed. These 
eluding bonds or 
urse, the solvency 

These societies,^ 

eceive deposits at 

>f the amount of 

U. C, cap. Iviii,, 

litherto been very 

small deposits at 
loldcrs. 

ving deposits one 
of customs,) who 
ice on the third. 
St. John Savings 
trustees and has 
ets its expenses 
(6 per cent.,) on 

Province Build - 
ticular, still con- 
rings banks, and 
ament at its first 
ection with post 
ision and on the 

tions in order : — 



llowing are th* 



Ind 




iB-k, 


Total. 







)eau 

,496 
039 

485 

int. 

|4SO 

I867 



13.387,010 
13.608 

150,581 

I a8,97o 



nent, has been 



1867-8. 



•3.389,010 

i3i6o8 

150,581 



aTiUffi Depart- 



Banking— Savings Banks. 



23 



II.— Savings Branches op Building Socibtibs. 

There are eight Savings Banks connected with Building Societies, all in Ontario, concerning 
which the following are the most interesting facts : — 



Name of Society. 



Frontenac Loan and Investment Soc'v, Kingston 
Western Canada Permanent Buil'g Soc'y. Toronto 

Freehold Building Society, Toronto 

Union Building Society, Toronto 

Provincial Buuiding Society, Toronto 

Canada Permanent Building Society, Toronto ■ • 
Commercial Building and Invest. Soc'y, Toronto 
Huron and Erie Loan and Savings Soc y, London 



Totals. 



Deposits, 

including 

Interest 

credited. 



?07.754 
134.563 
»3«,373 
26,033 
1,721 
4*5.027 

".4»S 
88,926 



$897,821 



No. of 

Deposit. 

ors. 



431 
3a« 
33« 

64 

34 

960 

43 
378 



2.SSa 



Rate of 

Interest paid 

during 

the year. 



3, 4 & 5 p, ct. 
5, 6 & 7 p. ct. 

6 p. ct. 

6 p. ct. 

5&6p. ct. 

4, 5 & 6 p. ct. 

6 p. ct. 
5 & 6 p. ct. 



Dati 

of 

Statement. 



Dec. 31, "67. 

do. 
Apri I30, '68. 
July 38, '68. 
Dec. 31, '67, 

do. 

April I, '67. 
Dec. 31, '67. 



The progress of these Savings Banks, since 
been as follows :— 


returns commenced to be made to Government, has 




1864. 


1865. 


1866. 


1867-8. 


Denosits 


1488,311 
1,36s 


$585,228 
1,828 


$629,733 
1,850 


$897,821 







III.— Savings in tub hands of Chartered Banks. 

It is not possible to arrive at an exact estimate of the amount of small savings in the hands of the 
Bmnks, for these institutions are not able themselves to decide to which class of deposit any particular 
interest-bearing balance should be referred. Probably $1,000,000, divided among .^t'vx) depositors, 
bearing usually 4per cent, interest, but in a few cases 5 per cent., is a close approximation. 

IV. — Savings in the hands of the Government. 

(a) Ih Nova Scotia:— 

The following are the statistics respecting the Government Savings Bank in Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, which has been in operation since 1832.* Manager, J. R. Wallace ; amount on deposit, 
June 30th, 1868, #850,000 ; No. of depositors, 3,350 ; rate of interest paid, 4 per cent. ; interest paid 
or credited within the year, $33,000. The progress of the institution smce 1865 has been : — 



Deposits 

No. of Depositors. 



Dec. 31, 1865. 



)525,000 
2, +00 



Dec. 31, 1866. 



$643,645 
2,302 



June 30, 1867. 



$827,936 
2,343 



June 30, 1868. 



$850,000 
2,350 



(b) In Neiu Brunswick :— 

The following are the statistics of the New Brunswick Savings Banks— year ending June 30th, 
1868. (Interest allowed, 5 per cent.) : — 



Deposits 

No. of Depositors. 
Expenses (a) 



$173*0 
107 
$30 



n 



u 



$11428148536 

92 

$39 



29s 



i 

I 

u 



J72868 

458 



$183 $217 



s 

I 



I21901 
S69 



■I 

u 

Ji 

V) 



«i357 
*7 



CO 



$67971 
*I7S 



S 



$14078 
$30 



I 



^2495 

18 

$30 



o 



x/l 



I555829 
+3800 

$2300t 



3 

o 
H 



$813783 

S475 
$3108 



The progress of the New Brunswick Government Savings Banks since 1865 has been :— 



Deposits 

No. of Depositors. 



Oct. 31st, 1865. 



$816,861 
5.691 



Oct. 31st, i866t 



$768,159 
6,110 



June 30th, 1868. 



I813.783 
5,475 



(c) In the Post Qffkt Savings Banks : — 

These Banks were only opened on the 1st of April of the current ^ear, and from the statements 
which have been published, monthly, in the Official Gagettt, we cctmpile the following table, which 



* The flgnre* for 1868 uro rabjeot to to trifllnir oorrootioiu. 

t Eftimato. (•) These nro ' ' Commigsioni. ' ' Some Inapectton 'expenses Mrs perhaps ohugeable to this serrlM 
— sddlttoiul to the above. 

t The St. John Savings Bank retam, Inolnded in these totals, is dated Deeember 31st, 1817. 



till! 



24 



Building Societies. 



we (ire in oontiderable detail, u these Banks will, no doubt, soon become the chief repositoriea of 
the savings of the people : — 



Month ending April 30th 

May 31st 

" June 30th 

Interest credited 

" July 3"t 

" August 31st . . . • 
" Sept. 30th* 



Received 

from 

Depositors. 



I 

81,951.00 
67,399.00 
63,357.00 

939.37 
65,393.00 
57,023.00 
63,309.00 



Withdrawn 
Depositors. 



% 

i,3r4.oo 
3,643.00 
6,068.55 



7i4S3.38 
13,086.50 
13,337.67 



ToUl 
on deposit 

at end 
of Month. 



t 

80,737.00 
MS.393-00 

303,530.83 

a6i,3S9-44 
306,396.94 
356.378.37 



Consisting of 



Deposits 
at 4 per cent, 



5S.937.oo 
93.39300 

139,630.83 

»64,3S9-44 
189,193.94 

•19.907.97 



Deposits 
at 5 per cent. 



t 

34,800,00 
53,000.00 

73,900.00 

97,000.00 
ii7,ioaoa 
135,800.00 



About $50,000 per month is thus being steadily deposited, and it will not take long, at this rate, 
to raise the amoult of savings in Savings Banks in Canada to the standard which obtains in other 
Gonntries. There are now 203 office* open, and 3,567 depositors. (Sept. 30th.) 

At present the following app'rar xv be the figures for the Dominion : — 



Amounts Deposited. 



In Savings Banks proper 

" Savings Branches of Building 

Societies 

" Chartered Banks {estimate) . . 
" Government Institutions 



Totals 

Number of depositors (approx.) . 



Ontario. 



S 
348,7«3 

397.831 

300,000 

$350,000 



l1.s96.S34 



|8,300 



Quebec. 



3,030,786 



500,000 
V 100,000 



#3,630,786 



#13.400 



New 
Brunswick. 



tss.000 
100,000 
813,783 



#968,783 



IS.700 



Nova 
Scotia. 



100,000 
850,000 



1950,000 



#».350 



ToUl, 



I 

3.369.499 

4S».8ai 

I.OOOOOO 

3,013,783 
#6,836,103 



#31.750 



• Then was % ohaaie af lyitam In pnbliihing the letumi this month ; and the ■monata depoaltad, leM the witb- 
dnwala. do not now amonnt to the total on depoalt. 

f The Tatum of the St. John BaUding Societr waa leoeived too lata to b* Indodad in Um table in tha previous 
t Diviatona Iwtwcren Ontario and Qaebeo aatunated. 



BUILDING SOCIETIES. 



Another way in which large amounts of savings have been collected is in Building Societies, which 
have attained, especially in Ontario, a magnitude which entitles them to much attention. 

The foUowbg are the chief statistical features of the existing societies. Statements for 1867-8 :— 



PtrmoMint BmldtHg Socittus. 

Suebec Per. Building Society, Quebec. . . 
;ontreal Per. Building Society^ Montreal 

Montreal District Building Soaety 

Permanent Building Society, Kingston.... 
Frontenac Loan & Invest. Socy.. do . . 

Freehold Building Society, Toronto 

Union Building Society, do ..... 

Commercial Building & Invest. Socy-, do 
Canada Permanent Building Society, do. . 

Metropolitan Building Society, do ■ • ■ 

Provincial Permanent Building Society, do. 
Toronto Permanent Building Society, do9. 
Western Canada Per. Building Socy., do. 
Oxford Per. Building Society, Woodstock. 
Huron and Erie Sav. & Loan Soc., London 
Civil Service Buil. & Sav. Socy, Ottawa. . 

TtrmiHoiU Building SocUtiei. 

Stadacona Building Society, Quebec^. . . . . 
Montreal Canadian Buil. Socy., Montreal. 
City of London Building Socy., Londont- 

Guelph Building Society, Guelph 

Mutual Building Society, Ottawa. 



St. John Building Socy., St. John, N. B. 



Total . 



Amount 
of Stock 
paid up. 



# 

99.889 

185,343 

333.9St 

1.300 

138.613 

400,000 

93,319 

64,319 

1.0I3.S45 

73,386 

63,618 

8,703 

181,190 

7,687 

310,483 

>3.099 



13,136 
74.635 
86,946 
34.677 

13,493 

75.340 



l3,«7«.»48 



Depo- 
sits in 
Savinn 
branch's 



67.754 

i3».373 

36,033 

31,663 

397.335 

9,464 

1,731 



«34.S63 



86,357 



55,000 



Cash 
value of 
Assets. 



145.634 
330.456 
490,948 

'0.743 
216,334 

S97.»78 

"4.435 

96539 

1,635.658 

83,355 

69,033 

1,013 

335,365 

7,869 

318,849 

14,044 



19,311 

94.774 
136,780 

36,756 

16.031 

(a) 140,000 



#931,163 #4,819,763 



Dividend 
declared 
last year. 



t 
8 p. cent, 

10 " 



8ip.cent 

8 " 

10 " 

10 " 

10 " 
10 
8 



(I 



10 p. cent. 
6 " 
9 " 
9 " 



Secretary 

and 
Treasurer. 



M. H. Gault. 
H. Fauteux. 
D.Callaghan. 
Thos. Briggs. 
C. Robertson. 
W. Pyper. 

ohn Rains. 

. H. Masson. 

. Fraser. 
1- Bradbume. 
H. Pellatt. 

C. L. Beard. 
Chas Murray. 
A. Harvey. 



W. Miller. 
L. A. Jette. 
W. Boyder. 
E. Newton, 

as. Egleson. 

hos. Main. 



Tl 



t Thia Soaiet/ Teaembles Tarmlnablo on<w In not declaring dlrldanda annuallr. X Batom for 1866-7. • Wiadloff 
np under Mr. PeUatt'aohMge. (a)Eatiraate. 



Immigration and Settlement 



2b 



Its for 1867-8 .— 



IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT. 



The qneitlons of Immlgnttion and Settlement are. In a new country, among the most vital, and we 
purpose In this arUcle to sUte a number of fscts which will, at least, aid In their Investigation. 

Canada Is a forest country. Its whole surtece, until cleared by artificial means, Is covered with a 
luxuriant growth of timber. In this It difTers from many of the United States, which have a quantity 
of prairie or natural meadow lands, and from our own North-west Territory, which Is In great part 
prairie, too. 

. The labor of clearing the forest, and the mode of life necessary In regions called " the backwoods." 
{.«., those remote from the main settlemetits and routes of travel, are peculiar, and are seldom relished 
by Europeans on their arrival In the country; while, on the other hand, a backwoods-man often 
prefers to be somewhat solitary, so that he sells his clearing and moves farther back when settlements 
approach his land. 

The first conclusion which evidently follows from a consideration of these facts Is, that the 
efforts of the fUends of emigration should not be directed to Inducing emigrants to «} back and settle 
on wild land, kut to securing the Influx of a class who can find employment In cities and towns or 
upon fturms already so fkr cleared as to require the labor of many men to put In and harvest the crops. 
The next conclusion Is, that wild land, being the heritage of the people of the country, should be 
placed m their hands at as low a rate as will cover the cost of survey and sale. They alone can be 
Induced, In any number, to be the pioneers of settlement. The more they can be Induced to go 
" back," the cheaper lands at the " flront" wUl be ; the more Immigrants will flow In, from Europe, 
or fVom the United States, and the more will emigration from Canada be checked. 

If our wild lands were almost exhausted, these reasons and conclusions would lose most of their 
force, for It might be prudent to derive a large revenue ftom the public domain, as is now done flrom 
the remaining so-called Ordnance Lands. But this Is not the case. Half a dozen years ago state- 
ments were made In Parliament that our best lands were exhausted, and great stress has been laid 
upon the assertion. But new surveys, new observations, and many other circumstances combine to 
prove that the assertion, made In good faith, should have been much qualified. 

We believe the first close examination of the cUmatologlcal conditions which determine the 
character of the agriculture possible in a country was made, for variotu sections of Canada, In the 
Fmt Booh for 1868, in the article on " Climate." An attentive observation of thermometrlcal records 
kept In various parts of the country during 1868 confirms the conclusions there arrived at, excepting 
that even the climate of our fifth meteorological provinces (see page iSO of that work) appears less 
rigorous than was there stated. And this close examination extends th« area within which the 
ordinary agriculture of the settled parts of Canada can be extended over some 5,000,000 acres, supposed, 
when the statement above alluded to was made to be too cold for profitable fanning. Wheat. 
Barley, Oats, Potatoes, and even Indian Com, It is now shewn, can be ripened In every part of the 
Ottawa water-shed. The qneatlon of climate being thus disposed of, that of the character of the 
land must be investigated. 

The Lanrentlan range of mountains running south-westerly and skirting the north shore of the 
8t Lawrence between Quebec and Montreal, but gradually receding flnm that river on approaching 
the latter city, trends westward firom Montreal along the north shore of the Ottawr, sending an ont-Uer 
or two to remind of Its neighborhood the traveller on that noble stream. Some distance above 
Ottawa city— notably at Portage dn Fort— the most casual observer may see It crossing the river 
strong, and, somewhat modified In character. It runs southward to near BrockvlUe, whence, again 
taming westward, It forms a ridge, or rather a collection of hillocks, which shed the rain that fidls 
upon them southward to Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence, and north and eastward to the Ottawa 
or Ltt|e SImcoe and the Georgian Bay. 

A grand old formation Is the Laurentlan, its mountains nowhere peaked, but rounded by the 
weather during countless ages, and the hills along the spur Just spoken of washed till they are 
bare, so that only near the thousands of lakes and lakelets which nestle among them, and along the 
beds of turbulent little streams which connect these lakes, can any fertile lands be found. When it 
was asserted, years ago. that the good lands of Canada were mostly sold, settlement had about reached 
this rocky ridge. Beads made In this region showed Its uninviting character. Worst of all, the Dree 
grants located upon some of these roads gave so poor a prospect that they were abandoned. 

But settlement was meantime turning the fianks of the Lanrentlan line. First, from the West, 
fh>m near Lake Simcoe, people found the Moskoka district and Parry's Sound not uninviting. Then, 
from the East, the men of Lanark and of Renfrew moved up the Madawaska and the Petewawa. Then 
the Crown Lands Surveyors, and, better still, the employees of t he lumberers, went further back. The 
farther the; penetrated into the interior, the better the land became, and the result may be stated 
thus, that <M(<i« the Laurentlan barrier, best approachable from the Northern Ballroad and Lake Slmooe 
on the one hand and ftam t^e Uppe^ttawa river on the other, there Is, In the basin of Lake Nlpio- 






T 



r 



.•til 

i!' 



I ii;l 



I Ul >! 



V-.: 'I 



r" ■;' 



1 ' '. 



k-ii 



' '; 



m 



26 



Immigration and Settlement. 



■Ins uid the watenbed of tbe Ottawa, both In Ontario and Quebec, a most extensive tract of excellent 
land, nearly as large aa the peninsula of Ontario, much of It deep-soiled aa the basin of the St. Law- 
rence, timbered with a heavy gri wth of mixed white pine and hardwood, much of It as level as the St. 
Lawrence valley, ahA some as even as a prairie. It lies, moteover, near waters which either are or 
can fee easily made navigable. A market A>r Its farm products exists already In the lumberers' camps, 
which are even now breaking Its solitudes, and but few years can elapse before Its fbrests ring with 
the settler's axe— before the shores of Lake Niplsslng, which Is three times as large as Lake SImcoe, 
echo to the whistle of the steamboat— or even before a railway runs across It by the shortest route 
f^om Montreal towards Chicago. 

There are In Oanada the following numbers of acres :— 



Ontario 
Quebec. 



In total 
area. 



77.606,400 
134,412,800 

Totals 



Total 
surveyed. 



25,297,480 
29,9»6,918 



Tl. granted II 
and sold. 



21,879,048 New Brungw'k 
19,403,461 llNova Scotia ... 



In total 
area. 



17,347,360 
13,930,257t 



242,896,817 



Total 
suveyed. 



10,000,000* 
10,000,000 



71,284398 



Tl. granted 
and sold. 



9,700.000 

6,iao,ooo 



67,132.909 



It Will thus at once be seen that there must be many extensive unsold tracts, both surveyed and 
unsurveyed, in addition to the (treat area above spoken of, and this is really the case. The following 
tables shew the number of acres at the disposal of the various Crown Land Agents In Ontario and 
Quebec, the names of those agents, and the price at which the lands are for sale. Many of these lands 
are equal in quality to any hitherto cold, though perhaps, with the exception of the Nlpissing tract, 
there are few very extensive fertile lake or river valleys as yet unsettled. In New Brunswick the 
lands are«old by the Deputy Surveyors (or Crown Lands Agents) for each county, at monthly auction 
sales, at an upset price of 60 cents per acre— 25 cents down, the balance In three equal annual Instal 
ments. or 25 1 ' cent, discount on the amount If cash be paid for the whole. A new Act was however 
passed in Mar. ^868, to meet special cases, and to which allusion will be made hereafter. There are 
«ctenslve tracth of excellent land In New Brunswick, inviting and awaiting settlement. In Nova 
Scotia the applicant for Crown Lands presents, at the Commissioner's office, Halifax, a petition for a 
grant of a specific number of acres, not exceeding 600, paying at the same time at the rate of $44 per 
100 acres, be the tract more or le?8 than that number. An order of survey then Issues, and the sale, if 
the Government, on the report of the Commissioner, so recommend, is carried out. For the accom- 
modation of emigrants, tracts are set apart, which lands can— contrary to the usual rule— be entered 
upon, without paying cash, merely by obtaining a license, which enables the holders to pay for 100 
acre lots at the rate of 44 cents per acre— one half In two years, the other at the expiry of the third— 
with interest. The Nova Scotia lands are now bought chiefly for the sake of tUelr timber, which 
cannot be purchased except by purchasing the land, the best agricultural lands being already 
ta<ien up. 

Ontabio. 



Name. 



Armstrong, Wh'ler 
Graham, J 



Harris, Wm 

Hubert, H. S 

Holterman, C. F.. 

Jackson, Wm 

Macpherson, Jas., 



Mofflitt, J. P 

McNabb. Alex.. 

Perry, E 



Besldence. 



Cordlfl' 

Bobcaygeon. 



Admaston . 

Berlin 

Clontarf.... 



Durham .,. 
Kingston.. 



Pembroke . 
Saugeen 



Roche, O. M 

Boss, Jas 

Sharman.John., 
Wldder, Chas..., 
Campbell. A. A.. 

Lout, 0. W 

Wakefield, N. P. 



Agency. 



AcniS at 
disposal.! 



Tarn worth.. 



Lindsay 

Elora 

Stratford 

Ooderlch 

Belleville 

Bracebrldpte. 
Parry Sound.. 



Wilson, Jo'seph Isault Ste. Marie. 



Part of Peterborough 

Part of Peterboro' and Victoria, and 

Bobcaygeon tind Koad 

Part of Renfrew 

Waterloo 

Part of Renn-ew, Ottawa and Opeongo 

Boa J 

Grey 

Lennox, parts of Frontenac an Ad' 

dington, and Frontenac Road 

North part of Renfrew 

Bruce 

North part Slmcoc 

Parts F'ontenac and Addington, and 
Addlnnton Road 

Part of Victoria 

Wellington 

Perth 

Huron 

Part of Hastings 

Part of Muskoka District 

Part of Muskoka District 

Part of Algoma District 



FreeOrants 



300,000 
200,1100 



250,000 



180.000 
220.000 

'l90,066' 

200,000 
115,000 



I 240,(«0 
I FreeOrants 
FreeGrants 
I 25(»,000 



Price 
p. acre. 



* 
"^ 



f 

sr 



20c. I 



• Estimato from the beit ayailablo d<^ta. 

t Aooordlng to the Comminioner of Crown Landa, The eatimates of the ana of Nora Scotia vary ooniideraUy. 

t rrown Lands Agents in Ontario and Qnebeo receive b per cent, on the Bnt $2,000, SM per cent, on the rext 
tlBtUGO and IM per cent, on any lum exceeding t30,C00iold. . . ^ f~ «=»>- 

I When the nomber of acres in left blank, the amount remaining In /he hattd* of the Oiown b Inoonaldarabl*. 



Immigration and Settlement. 



2r 



sd. 


TI. Kranted 
and sold. 


00* 
100 


9.700.(100 
6,120,000 


88 


67.1.12.Sn9 



lat 


Prtce 


sai.t 


p. acre. 


ants 






M 


00 


o! 


uo 


3 


....{ 


a 




S 


DO 


f> 




% 


W 


2 


30 


«» 


, , 




W 


k c 
' "^ 




M. 


K) 


B 


10 


§• 


... 


g* 






• •• 


B 


)0 


s- 


iknts 




inte 




10 


.Xlcl 


ry oonildenbljr. 


Dt. on the next 


inoonildanbte. 



QtfSBEC. 



Name. 



Residence. 



Agency. 



Acres at Price 
disposal* Iper acre. 



(No Agent). 

Cameron,O.W 

Farley, Bobt 

Heath,!!.. Act. Agt 

McBean, M 

McMillan. D 

Rogers. Qeo 

Smith, T 



North qf tht River OUavn. 

Calumet.. Part of Pontlac 

Tharso Part of Ottawa 

Ohelsea. Part of Ottawa 

Clarendon Part of Pontlac 

Aylwln, P. O Part of Ottawa 

Orenvllie Part of ArgenteuU 

Lakefleld I'artof do 

AUumette Part of Pontlac 



(No Agent) 

Boullanej' '^ 

Oloutler, .. /s. Z... 

Daly, A 

moAgeat) 

Dubord, L. A 

i No Agent) 
lavallee, A. B 

Marcotte.Ohas 

Stewart, McLean.. 



Ghlcoutlml 

Bawdon 

:)t Raymond 

Three R)"er« 

at. O. De Brandon 

St. Jerome 

Desebambault 

Quebec 



Degulse, F 

Bden, J , 

Farwell,W 

elton, B. P 

Furnler, O. F 

Oauvreau, L. N.. 

Oagnon, A 

Hume, ,T 

Kemp, O. J 

Labrer^qne, L 

Lamontagne, F... 

LeBel, jTt 

LeBel. J.A 

Larue, S. V 

Lepage, J. B 

Rouleau, F 

Roy, 0. F 

Boss, A 

Tetu, F 

Verge. J. B. 



North of th» Biter Bt. Laurence. 

St. Ambrose :....U3erthler and Jollette 

Bergeroune Baguenay 

Chlcoutiml 

Montcalm 

Part of Portneuf. 

St. Maurice and Masklnonge 

Berthler 

Terrebonne , 

Ohamplain 

Quebec 

South of the Biver St. Laurrenee. 

Ste, Anne la Poc Ramouraska 

Gaspe Basin Gaspe 

Robinson Compto« and Beauce 

Sherbrooke. Stanstead, Sherbrooke, and Richmond 

St. J. Port Joli Blgln and Xache Road 

Temlscouta 

Arthabaska 

Megantic 

Stanstead 

Beauce 

PartofBellechasse 

Part of Wolfe 

Part of BonaVenture 

PartofBellechasse 

Part of Bonaventure , 

Dorchester 

Part of Rimouski and Oaspe 

Part of Dorchester and Benuce 

Montraogny and part of L'Islet 

Bav Ohalenr 



10,000 
23»,000 
204,000 
180,01:0 
257,000 
101,000 

41.0110 
139,000 

49,000 



■60 cents. 

60 '• 

60 " 

to " 

» " 

30 " 

30 " 

60 " 



30 



437,(100 
121,000 
28,(00 
93,(100 
25,000 
96.000 
25,0t0 



He Verte, 
ArthabaskavlUe 

Leeds 

Frellghsburgh... 

Lambton 

St. Clervals 

Waltou 

New Carlisle 

St. Charles 

Rimouski 

St. Claire 

St. Anne des Monts... 
Frampton . 
St. Thomas. 
Oarleton .... 



28.^,(100 
120.000 
200,000 
100.000 
183,0(10 
235,000 
140,(100 
65,000 



150,000 
92.000 

200,000 

180,000 
50,000 

320,000 



20 
30 
30 
30 

to 

M) 
30 



60 
20 
60 
60 
30 
GO 
30 
40 

40 
30 
60 
30 
40 
30 



102,000 
180,000 
200.000 
180.000 



20 and 30 
30 cents. 
30 " 
30 •• 



The rate at which Crown Lands are being sold is shewn by the following table :— 



Ontario 

(Xuebee 

Now Brunswick.. 
NoTa Scotia 



..acres 



1864. 



172.233 
419,4't9 



1865. 



462.1!I8 

192,086 

58,082 

47,157 



759,463 



1866. 



258,313 
195,379 
33,.370 
120,691 



607,753 



1867.t 



132,,393 
118,727 
38,213t 



The price realized in Ontario (1867) was $209,707, or $1.58 per acre; in Cu^.bec (1866) tOOO,Of;0, or 
t0.00 per acre ; In New Brunswick (1866) $20,431, or 56 cents per acre ; In Nova Scotia, of coarse, 44 
cents per acre. 

The regulations under which the lands are sold vary considerably. 

In Ontario and Quebec, the usual settlement duties required before the issue of a patent fbr the 
lands occupied are,— the bnlMIng of " a habitable house " and 20 acres on a 200 acre lot to be cleared 
and under crop. 

But on the Free Grant lands in Ontario (townships of Humphrey, Cardwell, Wall, Stephenson, 
Brunei, Macaulay, McLean, Muskoka, Draper, McDougall, Foley, Cardiff, Chandos. Monmouth and 
Anstruther) concerning the regulations for obtaining which see the Ontario Act, In another part of 
this volume, the settlement duties are, to have 19 acres on the grant of 100 acres cleared and under 
crop, of which at least 2 acres are to be cleared and cultivated annually, for five years ; to bul d a 
habitable house, at least 16 by 20 feet ; and to reside on the land for at least sis months in each year. 

In New Brunswick, most of the lands have of late years been sold under the Labor Act, recently 
modified, of whleh the conditions are, to perform labor on the roads and bridges, each year fbr thrte 
year, to the value of fio a year; to build a bouse, 16 by 20 feet; to cleto at least 2 acres within two 
years, and 10 within three years. 

These conditions. It will be observed, are very liberal Indeed ; yet Canada has hitherto foiled 
except in one case to which we shall soon allude, to secure such an extensive immigration and rac|i • 
rapid settlement of the lands, as several of the Unitet; States : notably Illinois, Kansas and Min- 
nesota. 



• Alien tM number of actec is left blank, tho amonnt 'remaining in the hands of theCrown Is very 
i The great falling oil in 18S7 is owing to the dlvlBion of the Crown Lands Depaitment ot 
removal from Ottawa to Toronto and (}aebeo, before and daring whioh bniiaeu was at a itand-ttV. 

t Tear ending J^ne Mtb, 1868. 



'Mi 



:1 » 









28 



ImmigraHoH tmd Settlement. 



%^ 



I ' 






Mo •UUatiM of Immigration haTing boon pnblUhed ilnce the lirao of onr Uit Ttmr Book, wa nftr 
to that for itatemenU which show that the nnmlMr arrlrlng In the Dominion to aettle doea not 
average more than 15,000 to 30^ sonls a year— a relatlTCly Intlgnlflcant acceislou to our population. 

A great deal hai been, written ai to the neceailtr fbr the gove nment eetabllihing more agencies 
in Snrope. But not all the government agenclea could compete with the hundreds of Influences 
wMoh the Americans have skltlfhllr known how to employ. There are In the United States doiens 
of railroad corporations, each of them as active In selling lands as the government agents, each of 
them with agents In England, Oermany, Norway, Ac., canvassing Intending emigrants and plying, 
them with pamphlets respecting lands on the Illinois Central, lands on the Union Paclflo Bailwa7 
Ac., A:.. Ac. With a stupidity which seems marvellous, Canada has hitherto neglected— nay more— 
positively discountenanced this most powerfhl aid of Associations which could organize Indepen- 
dent Emigration Bureaux In Europe to keep the government offices. Absurd cries have been raised 
at election times against anrcompanyofmen who designed to purchase and colonise a fow hundred 
thousand acres as speculators and n onopoUsts. It Is now Imperative that the powerftil assistance of 
organizations of this kind be no longer discouraged. And to «how what the only three land com- 
panies have done which we have hitherto had among us, we present the fbllowlng.fMts :— 

The companies are these : The C*nada Company, the British America Land Oomgany, anl the 
Canadian Land and Emigration Company. We will refer to their operations In this order: 

1. Tk» Omada Oimipanv.— This Company originally acquired trom the Government, about the year 
1828. about 2.000,000 acres— one million being "en bloc." and forming what was known as the Huron 
Tract; the other, called "Crown Beserves," In scattered lots and blocks In various parts of the 
Province of Upper Canada (Ontario), extending from the Ottawa to the St. Clair. 

The Company had the great support which £289.737 sterling (|1,410.000) of paid-up capital glveS. 

As soon as It was formed, the Company began to disseminate. In England, all kinds of Inlormatlon 
In reference to Canada as a home for emigrants. Thousands of maps, pamphlets, Ac., were circulated 
In Britain ; and in 1832 a plan was organized, which was continued for several years, for paying the 
passage money of all suci. enlgrants as might become purchasers of the Company's lands. At that 
time, too, the Company undertook to remit money, not only from their own settlers, but from any 
parties residing In the Province, who were desirous of sending funds to Britain to enable friends or 
relatives to emigrate to Canada— a function far more necessary and useful then than It would be now. 
when money orders on England can be so readily had at almost every post office. 

Settlement first began, rapidly, in the township of Blanchard,* the greater part of which was 
settled within two years. lu other places It progressed more slowly. The Company did not lay out 
tier after tier of fhrms, but allowed settlers to purchase where they chose. The greater portion of the 
sales varied from $1.25 to $2.25 per acre. 

They also originally laid out the towns of Ooderich, Ouelph. and Stratford, and the village of 
Mitchell.t 



Qoderioh. 
Ooelph... 



717 
1,046 



•795.680 
I,n6,751 



Stratford. 
Uitoiiell.. 



87« I •aM,IW 
S38 I iSOMa 



Tho records of the Company do not distinguish between the purchssers who are emigrant 
settlers and those who were previously residents in the country. They do show that many of the 
early settlers were men who came on', from Europe, without any capital, who had, however, paid for 
their lands In fUlI, and acquired a considerable amount of property in farm stock, as long since aa 
twenty five years ago. Whether emigrants or not. some 25.000 families have been actually settled on 
the Company's lands. 

The last annual dividend was £1 10s. stg. per share— the share being £6 13s. 8d. The average rate 
of dividend cannot well be ascertained in this country. The capital stock Is now reduced by re-pay- 
ment of capital to shareholders to £274,136 stg. 

Only about 400,000 acres remain in the Company's hands- principally Inferior lands, and iii scatter- 
ed locations. Vor purposes of eelonizatlon, the Company's transactions may be considered at an end. 
But the record Is not one of which the Company has any reason to be asha.aed. nor should It canaa 
the conatty any regret. 

2. Th» BriU$\ America Lmtd Oomptmv.—lbt British America Land Company, farmed In 1834, 
owned at one time 767,000 acres of land In the Eastern Townships of Lower Canada (Quebec). It 
was partly surveyed, and partly not surveyed. The latter portion and some of the former was in 
several blocks, the rest In scattered Iota. The capital of the Company is £264,000 stg, ($1,284,000.) 

This Company also haa been active In disseminating In Europe Information respecting Canada. 
Special emigration agents have been employed to travel and lecture in England, Scotlatd and 
Ireland, ani B. W. Heneker, Esq., of Sherbrooke, the present Commissioner for the Company, has 
himself visited Sweden and Norway, and appointed agents at Oothenberg and Christlania. At one 
time the Company, in Its desire to promote settlement, provided a large number of settlers with food, 
for a whole year, but the experiment was not found satisfactory. To facilitate the opening up of the 
country, the Company expended large sums in public works, and lost $30,000 of an investment in the 



• How one of the riehast towmhtps In the eonnty of Perth, with 3.774 people, Moordinr to tlie laat oeniiu, with 
,7n MTC* Mswaed, 644 latepeyen, •735,760 of mil estate siiaiawi, clear of debts, and ipendliig^wo thouand 
•year on its roods and brldgM. (iietanM q^ 1867.) 

tAatspiVSisaadvalaaeif real estate aMaaasd—Batvns of 1867. 



46.7ni 
£Uan 



Immigration and Settlemmt. 



29 



Mt, «• wfcr 
tie doe* not 
' popnlatlon. 
ore agendei 
If inflnenees 
tatM doMDi 
BDts, eub of 
I Md plying. 
lAo Railway 
—nay more— 
ilze Indepen- 
s been railed 
fow hundred 
assistance of 
Be land oom- 

;any, vcA the 

Br: 

tbout the year 

as the Huron 

I parts of tba 



pltal gtvel. 
>f inlormatlon 
rere circulated 
for paying the 
ands. At that 
, but flrom any 
lable flrlends or 
would be nowt 

; of which was 
did not lay out 
' portion of the 

the village of 



874 



•fl94,IM 
M0M3 



are emigrant 
\ many of the 
rever, paid for 
I long since as 

[ly settled on 

average rate 
ed by re-pay- 

jmd In scatter- 
Ired at an end. 
lonld It caoM 

Irmed In 18M, 
1 (Quebec). It 
former was In 
1284,000.) 

ctlng Canada. 
IScotlacd and 

Company, has 
lanla. At one 
]era with food, 

L:ng up of the 

Vtment In the 



jBt eenini, with 



— — — t 

St. Lawrence and Atlantic Bal'way, (now the Portland branch of the Orand Trunk,) of whloh thay 
claim to be the orlgtoators. 

The Company have sold their lands on what we may term the sporadic principle— <.«.,aUow«d 
purchasers to seli-ct from all their property, reserving only a fdw locations for contemplated pubUe 
works. Tbey have also soid to all comers. Immigrants and natives, without enquiry u to religion, 
race, or language. Si'veral of t e Trench Canadian settlements In the townships, aa Boxton, Btokaly, 
and Weedon, owe their origin to the Company. 

Under the original agreement with the crown, the price for the surveyed lands was 7ft cents par 
acre ; for unsurvcyed lands, flO cents. Crown and clergy reserves were afterwards bought at auctions 
at flrcm N cents to tl.SO per acre. The sales have been made at flrom |l to t3 per acre, and, In a fow 
instances, |9 per acre has been pa'd. The process of sale and settlement was very gradual, at lint; 
aflerwards, more i apld. Within the put year some 40,00u acres were sold at fl per acre. 

The dtvlde'idshave, for the last fow years, been nrom IJ^ to 3 per cent., the rest of the returns being 
expended In the district where the Company's property lies. 

And this record, we think. Is not one which can call for the animadversions against land companies 
which we all know to have been so common of late. 

S. Tkt OumkUom ImhA and Aiu'frrcUMm Obn^ipaHv.*— This Is the youngest of our land companies, 
having bought so recently as 1861 the ten townships of Dysirt, Dudley, Harcourt, Oullford. Harbum, 
Bruton, H velock. Kyre, and Clyde (In Poterboro' Co.), aad Longford. (In Victoria Co.) These town- 
■hips— all In one block— were unsu.veyed, and after a survey, wblch cost the Company $31,810, It 
m>peared that they covered 403,121 acres, rom which, after deducting 4I,0U0 acres for the area covered 
by swamps, Ac., there remalDe<i 362,12ft acres, to be paid for at the rate of flO cents per acre. The amount 
paid by the Company to Oovemment was tl9!i,043. The ordinary settlement duties upon these lands 
are to be performed wlihin 18 years fhim Jaauary. 186S, and ten per cent, of the purchase money la to 
be refunded to the Co. for the construcilon of leading lines of road, rabj ct to Oovemment Inspection. 
Besides these Mpeiu>es, the Company has paid nearly |10,000 more for additional surveying, road- 
making, te., besides considerable sums In preparation of their estate for settlem-nt, the furtherance of 
emigration, Ac. In all. besides payments to Oovemment, over $100,000 have been ezp nded to date. 

Some 33 miles of new road have been constracted, and 2S miles of the old Oovemment Peterson 
ro«d have been brushed out and repaired. The Company has xhared the expense f many of these 
improvements, with municipalities Interested. In coi\)nnctlon with a lumber firm of the district, the 
Company Is now energ tlcally extending other roads Into the forest, and damming the principal 
lake, so as to keep the w^ter up to high water mark aad allow a steamer, which It subsidises, to lun 
the whole summer through. The Company's officers are now engaged in promoting a plan for a 
wooden railway to run Into the property, to fiicllltate lumbering and aettlem nt. 

The Company has, at a loss, maintained a store for the accommodation of settlers In Dysart, 
wbo at flnt had no means of egress to Peterboro' In the winter. It has built a flour and saw 
mill. It pays half the stipend of a dorgyman, aud has given granta of land for churches and 
schools. 

The sales in Dysart have been 11,000 aoros Xn gopersoM, of whom 82 are already reslients. Also, 
3ft lots to the fkmllles residing In the village of Hallburton ; 2,800 acr^s to 18 resdents In Haicourt; 
and a ffW hundred acres In other townships. The price at which t'>e Company now sells Is: In 
Dysart, |l.90k an i In orher townships ll.OOper acre, caih; or $2.00 in Dysart and tl.2ft In other town 
ships, m ft annual Instalments, wUii Interest at ft per cent, or the C jmpany Wtll rent for 17 years, 
for 1ft cents per acre in Dysar , an 1 10 cents In other towuships, and thj rl iht of pre-emption at the 
end of t te term, at|2.U0 and 11 3i respecively. Half ac e I >ts In the village of Hallburt 'n are for 
sale at |20 each. Settlement duties have to be prupitd on farm lots ahd town property. The sales 
have chiefly been ma le to Canadians, but the Company has Just pjrfected arrangements for an active 
embrrant agency 'n Bnnland. 

The retmn of produce in Dysart. made by the Com.iany last spring, (1868,) Is an follows :t— Spring 
Wh»a-, 1836 bu^heU; Fa 1 Wh'jat,425 uusheU; Oata, l,2ill bushels; Potatoes, S.430 busheto; Turnips, 
SJ80 bushels; Barlev, 213 bushels: Hay. Ill tr 3; Pork, 6,880 lbs. 

For so yju^g a district we thi'ik ttie auova is a fair record, a'~d It does not appear that the 
countrv has anything to complain of at the ban Is of the dreadful monopolists and speculators of 
this Company 

Tiie a ove, It will be seen, are strictly L\nd Companies. If they have en -onraged public works. It 
has beeiraian Incident. la the United States the lands have been Incidental to the works, and the 
editor sincerely hopes that ere lonj{ we shall Uka a leaf from the American register on this sublect. . 
if ore than 70 railroad corporations there have receded more than l.M>,a00000 acrei of ftovernmen^ "■■ 
lands as g °anu» In aid of the construction of tholr respective Uses Every shareholder, every bond- 
holder of uve y one of these road-, whether In Biirop * or Amsrica, consequently becomes an amateur 
emigraton agent, and the agglomerated eSbrts of thoM influential people are more powerful than 
those of gov rnmcnt. In OJMiada the Ian Is have been kept t o much, as It w re, bottled up. Lands 
Judiciously given wouM ere nsw ha<re ensured us railroads, canals, and tel<>graph enterprises In many 
dlstric s where they are needed. Tet not a single forwarding corporation has yet received an acre. 
With ttie exception of a proml-ed grant to the Canadii (}entral Batlw^y, none have been %> much as 
promls"d. 

What Is the value to corporations of wild lands In Oanala ? Enquiries lead to the belief that large 
blocks of unsnrvoyed lands are probaby worth f I per a re to a cjmpau!', as a basis for theexp< n iture 
of further rapltal. If r4llroad8 can be built throu^'h them that will nly pay ranning expenses, they 
win, courtte, so >u t>icr>ase In market va'ue; yet this ii probably a fUr valuation, though some men 
of great experience ay they would hesitate to advise Investment of English capltil In Canadian lands 
at such a figure, while others -et t e valu 1 higher. 

Taking this as their v ilue. It will appear h it we have still available a grand means of encnurage- 
m»nt 1 1 enterprlws ca'culate 1 1> dev lop the country. And since there Is little doubt that the late 
W. H. If errltt spoke truly when he said the Crown Lands have hlt^ert.t been a source of expense 
rather thai of revenue to the co intry. It would seem that It would not be a bad flacal measuie to 
'dispose uf a f w millions of acres of them in this manner. 



• C. S. Blomfleld, Riq., Toronto, Poetetory. 

tTho monloipal rstsm (I8CT> made by ha ranlar raanleipel nffleart. Independent of theOompooy. glrw for 
Dyiait township 9ft ratep yen, S.M* oeiw aaaiMd, HOd tSC.StS m th* vataa of imi vti^to. 



immg m Lanada — Ontario. 



li 



i; 



ill 



iiitiii 

I 



i^m 






MINING IN CANADA. 

By Thomas Cross, Esq., Ottawa, 

Mining industry in Canada is recovering from the effects of the imprudence and incapacity which 
have characteriied It so generally hitherto. The resu'ts of embarkine in mining enterpiise without 
the necessary skill and capital aie painfully visible o< the country. Operations are now entered upon 
more soberly and systematically, and the chances of success have improved accordingly, 

Ontario. 

Geld.— Go\A in Ontario, so far as it is known to exist in paying quantit*-, is confined to the Quinte 
Gold Mining Division, containing the auriferous district of Madoc and the surrounding townships. 

No statistics are procurable of the product of the Gold Mines of this division. The existence of 
gold in paying ({uantity in this district has been known for about three yeara. The yield per ton of 
rock has been found to be firom $152 downwards. Numerous cnithing mills have been erected, ud a 
large population attracted. The gold, nevertheless, remains in the rocks, owing to the fraud, impru- 
dence and want of skill which have characterized the mining enterprise of this rtffOTt. Very Uttle 
work is being done. Many crushers have b^n found useless, owing to malconstruction. There is a 
scarcity of rock to crush. The Richardson Mine is idle for the present. During the past three years 
about ^500,000 have been expended here, and this over-speculation has been ruinous to legitimate 
niining. 

.STx/vn— Though silver has been found in nuny parts of tbe province, (some veins of galena yield- 
ing as much as #30 per ton), it is only lately that any pfospect has appeared of working it profitably. 
During the summer of 1867, two companies commenced operations at Thunder Bay, Lake Superior. 
Shafts have been sunk (August, 1868,) about 17 fathom, and levels driven, firom which silver is 
Stained. The yield, however, is kept secret Two Amencan companies, also, composed principally 
of practical mining men, explored, surveyed, and paid the local govenunent for about 9,000 acres on 
Thunder Bay ; but though twelve months have elapsed since their doing so, they have not yet obtained 
their patents, and the tract remains undeveloped. 

cV/|Arr.— Although none of the copper locations on the North Shore of Lake Superior have yielded 
any adequate return, the fact that copper exists at all points in this region gives assurance that such 
will iiot continue to be the case when exploration is more thorough, and when capital is expended 
according to the advice of experienced and conscientious mining c^^tains, as ha» not been uic rule 
hitherto. 

The number of acres of mineral lands on Lake Superior sold by the Canadian Government, up to 
3ist December, 18^ was 166,69). ^^ 'his, about 30,000 acres were sold to private individuals, who 
nave made, we beheve, no effort at development. The remainder is principMiy in the hands vf the 
Montreal, Quebec and Lake Superior, and British American Mining Companies. These companies 
have spent large sums in attempting to establish mines, but without success in any instance; owing 
partially to the chances inseparable tram mining, but ih some measure also to want of skill and know- 
ledge; operations having been largely entered' into upon places which ah experienced miner would 
have pronounced hopeless at first sight. 

"XYm Montreal Mining; Company is at present employing Mr. Mac&rlane, late of the Acton Mine, 
and formerly of the Frc'Eurg (Germany) School of Mines, a geologist and practical miner of great 
infoimation and experience ; from whose investigations, it is to be hoped, that the immense tracts 
owiied by them will at leiieth be found valuable. Mr. Macfarlane, we learn, has made promising 
discoveries of silver on the Company's property. 

Copper mining has been profitably carried on for twenty years at the Bruce Mio's, on Lake 
Huron. From 184710 1863, 9i4oo tons of 18 percent, ore were raised at this mine. — {.Geology of 
Canada.) It is at present worked by the West Canada Mining Company of London, England, cipi- 
tal Jl3oo,<)oo ; together with tl)e adjoining Wellington and Huron Copper Bay Mines. The product of 
these mines for tne last ten Vears has been as follows, according to the report most kindly furnished 
by Captain Plummer, late Manager : — 



Ytar, 


No.oftons"Net" 

of 31 cwt. 


Produce, 
per cent. 


No. of Units. 


Value in Sterling. 


igjg 


Tons, cwt. qrs, 
1,077 

I.S33 «4 a 
3,050 30 3 
3,060 
a. 726 5 3 
3, 163 30 3 
3,940 

a,834 5 » 
3,540 
3,804 


ai.94 

ai-35 
30.50 
19.60 
19.65 
30.00 
19.48 

31.34 
30.00 
30.00 


33,313.00 
33,198.00 
43,045.30 
40,376.00 
53.569-81 
63,360.00 
57,271.20 
60,199.47 
70,800.00 
56,080.00 


£ s. d. 

33,218 3 4 

32.9S3 «4 4 
40,788 10 I 
39,966 3 I 
45.681 2 4 
55,416 10 3 
47.673 «9 > 
49,538 4 " 
53,164 10 
42,060 


iSco 


,86q 


^g6, 


,863 


1863 


,86, 


igAc 


1866 


,e<;, 




Total 


34,729 4 10 


Average pr. ct. 
so-37 


498,011.78 


;C430,450 16 5 



Captain Plummer says farther : — " The veins are in some places very thick, fi-om i8 to 20 feet, 
" and at others narrow down to 4 or 5 feet. The deepest point reached is 60 fathoms. The lode in 
" its downward course does not vary much, but does not contain so large a percentage of metal. This 
" circumstance, together with the fact that the lodes do not carry any of the richer ores, such as the 
" viireous, peacock and horseflesh ores, renders mining a little less profitable than when nearer the 
"surface." 

" The number of lineal fathoms cut last year was 1,533. The number of persons^ employed is 
''373. The numlier has lessened of late in consequence of the continued depression in the copper 



Mining in' Canada — Ontario. 



" market • • • * W* havi Mvtral plMCti that we can set to work at a few hours' notice should 
" the price of copper Hm." 

" Thern i» a population of about i joo, aupported by the mines." 
" We employ 5 iteam cncinai, representing 300 horHc-powcr." 

Z,/<k/.— Numerous veins of galena traverse the country between the Ottawa and the St, Lawrence, 
maintaining a parallelism to each other, and also to those in the State of New York which have 
yielded so largely, and which are in the Mma gaoloaical formations as the Canadiu.i .'fins. 

In Ramsay, County of Lanark, • trial was made in 1858 on a lode from a^o j feet vide. About 
a6 tons of galena were obtained, yielding 81 per cent, of lead. Other attempts were nude subse- 
quently, and, we believe, about Ha much mora ore obtained ; but operations wereabandone 'though 
with proper skiU and capital the mine might yield good returns. 

Leaa also exists at numerous |)oints on the North Shore of Lake Superior. 
Concerning the Frontenao Lead VL\n%, near Kingston, discovered last year, the A mtrican your- 
Mol^Mimnr renuirka :— 

" Probably the most important discovery in the way of new mines which has been made in Onta- 
" rio during the year is the recant one of an extensive vein of galena in the township of Loughborough, 
" County Frontenao. The vain is deseribed as beiiyt la feet wide, and of great length, in the same 
" course as those of Rossic on the oppoiita side of^the St. Lawrence. An association, called the 
" Frontenac Lead Mining Company, nu blan formed to work it, and Comishmen have been pro- 
" cured. One of tha ahana \% down 40 feet, lite vein is 13 feet wide at the bottom, and expanding 
" regularly. An adit baa been driven from the aide of the mil along the vein a distance of 150 feet. 
■' The ore is thickly disseminated through the whole mass." 

From the above-mentioned ahaft and level, ore to the estimated value of |io,ooo has beeu ob- 
tained. Owing to the width of tha lode and the softness of the gangue (calc-spar) the working is 
easy. It is intended to smelt tha ore on the property. 

PlMttOago.—To the south of the Ottawa plumbago of good quality exists, disseminated very 
generally through the Laurentian llmaatonM in the rear of Kingston : and though no plumbago mine 
IS yet worked In Ontario, it is probable that these linustones, which are so widely distributed urough 
the more northerly parts of the Province, will be found on exploration to contain thia mineral in abun- 
dance, aa is the caae in Quebec, 

/fWM.— Although aurpriaingly little haa been made of the many valuable iron bede of Ontario, 
they must shortly become the baaia of a most important branch of industry. 

The most important iron minea of Ontario are those at Marmora and in the neighbourhood. 
They are vast beda of magnetite, the ore which produces the be»t brands of Swedish and Russian 
iron. Many yeara ago a blast (Umace was erected, and varioua companies have from time to tinie 
smelted the ore, producing excellent iron, but failing in point.of profit from want of communication. 
The ore is, we beueve, at preaent ahipped to the States. * 

There is also a bed of magnetite about aoo Aet thick on an island in Mud Lake, in the Rideau 

Canal, known aa Ohaffey'i Mine, from which large quantities of ore have been shipped to the States. 

During thesuihmer 01 if6g an American company commenced operations ou an extensive deposit of 

magnetite near Bajewahnung, Lake Superior. The bed is five miles from the shore, and a tramway 

had to be made over very bad ground. The mine has lately been abandoned. 

The Peter Bell Mining Company are working a bed ofsood red hematite at Amprior. 
/"^/fv&wM.— Petroleum may be conaidared at preaent the most important mineral poduct of the 
Dominion, the capital invested in raising it being from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000, and the quantity of 
crude oil produced annually of a value probably not under |i,ooo,ooo. 

The first wells were sunk at Oil Springs, County of Lambton, in 1863 , and up to March, 1863, 
4,138,530 gallons were obtained— (CJff/fiiy^CaMMte). The great flowingwells were struck here, one 
of which yielded, at first, a,oao barrels in >4nours. In 1865-66 this district was abandoned in favour 
of Bothwell, Connty Kent, where about aoo wells were put down, and some 40,000 barrels obtained. 
These wells have not been worked since the Fall of t866. In Petrolea the development commenced in 
the Fall of 1865, and in that year about 5,000 barrets were pumped. In 1866, up to November, about 
50,000 barrels were sold at |^, when tha discovery of the King Flowing Well brought the price down 
to $1. During 1865-66 about 850 wells were put down at Petrolea, and within a space of six miles 
round, all of wnich are now abandoned. In 1867 about 130 wells were sunk in the King Well Dis- 
trict, with great success ; about 130,000 barrels were shipped fit>m Petrolea, and some aoo,ooo were 
tanked. This year (1868) the product haa been some 4,000 barrels weekly. 

Up to the 31st December, 1867, the capacity of the underground tanks at Petrolea was 135,000 
banels. At present (August, 1868) the stock of crude held in tank and by refiners may be estimated 
at 350,000 barrels, or over two year's aupply for home consumption, Canada at present requiring about 
130,000 barrela yearly. Only nfteen welli are workinp; at present, and no new ones gclngdown, owing 
to want of demand. The temporary check to the trade, however, arising from want of a foreign 
market, seema to be at an eod, the low price of crude at the wells (30 to 50 cents, the normal pnce 
being about I4) ha«ing begiui to attract A meriean and home capital. 

There are eighteen or twenty refineries in Canada, using, when in full work, about 4,000 barreb 
weekly, and representing some 9aoo,ooo f capital. 

For the above particulars wa are indebted to the kindness of Stephen Blackburn, Esq., of the 
London Daily Frtt Prtii, and Secretary to the Petrolea Producers' Association. 

Though we have failed to aMertain tha exact amount of petroleum raised in Canada since the 
commencement of operations, the above sketch will convey some idea of the extent of the supply, 
when we remember tnat only a small poriion of the oil-beanng formation has been thoroughly tested. 
This rock (Comiferous Limestone) extends over a large portion of the Western Peninsula ; and though 
one part after another n:ay be exhausted and abandoned, and the exhaustion of the whole reeion is 
but a matter of time, it wiU probably be long before oil-boring has travelled over the whole productive 
district. -,.,,, 

Salt.— In boring for petroleum at Oodericlt, in 1866, a bed of salt was found at a depth of 1,000 
feet. The thickness of the bed is about 30 feet. 

The manufacture of salt was at once commenced, and has progressed rapidly. In November, 
1866, 4< barrels were made dally. In August, 1867, the quantity made was 90 barrels per day. In 
the beKinning of Auf^ust, 1868, tho produce of the works was 190 barrels daily, and has since been in- 
creased to aqo barrels. 

Over $70,000 have been expended in salt works. Thirteen wells have been sunk, large buildings 
erected, and about aoo kettles are, we believe, now in operation. 



m 









82 



Mmi$tg in Canada — Ontario. 



mm 



PyriUt.—TYA* mineral abounds in many parti of Ontario. 
BraclnrilU^ haa beni excavated for a space of jo feet by 30 feet, without finding any end. 



The deposit is believed to extend over a considerable space. We may therefore look for con- 
tiuued extension of this branch of industry. 

The Goderich brine is remarkable for iu purity. The salt received the Gold Medal at the Paria 
BiBoeition of 1867, and the First Prise at the New York Sute Fair of the same year. The analysis 
of tne brine by Dr. T. Sterry Hunt showed its composition to be, 1,000 parts :— 

Common Salt 859-000 

Ovpeum I -Us 

Chloride of Calcium -439 

Chloride of Magnesium '154 

361 ■s68 

From this it appears that ai 6-10 gallons of brine will give a bushel (56 lbs. weight) oTsalt. 

Boringa at Kincardine have also been successful in reaching brine. 

A«/.— Peat, although of vegetable origin, may fairly be dealt with in an article on mining, when 
we remember the kindred origin of ooel, and the vast importance of peat to a country where no coal 
exists. 

It is calculated that in Ontario the peat beds already known cover not less than 30,000 acres, and 
in many places have been sounded to a depth of as feet without finding bottom. 

During the present summer (1868) a company has been formed for the purpose of working a de- 
posit covering some 3,000 acres m the County or Welland. '1 he peat is torn into shreds, dried, and 
compressed into solid blocks, by machinery. About tao,oao have been expended during 1868. and it 
ia expected that next year companies will be formed for the purpose of working other peat beds in 
Ontario. 

MUc*UatuoMt. 

The bed it Eliiabethtown, near 
. tout finding any end. It is valu- 
able aa a source of sulphur, and for the manuncture or sulphuric acid ; the quantity used annually in 
England for the latter purpoce being 370,000 tons, or thereabouts, at |ioa too. (G*olcgy o/CamUla.) 

C«tei!f.— The only available ore or cobalt In Ontario is the above-mentioned bed or pyrites, a ton 
of which would yield, treated in the large way, about 8 lbs. of oxyd of cobalt, worth I34. The quarry- 
ing of the ore and the separation of the oxyd would cost about I14, leaving a profit of |io. {Gttltgjt 
V Canada.) 

P k Mp k at t 0/ Limt occura in quantity between the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. As a ma- 
nure it is worth in England /6 los. sterling per ton. Several deposits are worked, but >i > statisticB 
have been received. ' 

Mka in considerable quantity exists in rear of Kingston. A quantity from this disthci vms sold 
at Paris in «86a, for the use of the French navy, at %* per lb.— <<3r«/«ip' 0/ Canada.) 

MtrNt abounds among the Laurentian rocks. That of Arnprior is largely in use. 

Mining Rtgtdatton*, 

The mining regulations of Ontario are distinct as regards the precious and inftrior metals. 

Mining for the precious metals is regulated by an Act entitled " An Act respecting Gold and 
Silver Mines (1868)" whereby the Act ay and aS Vic, cap. 9, amended by 39 Vic., cap. 9 (186s), is 
repealed. 

Under this Act the Lieut Governor in Council may, ty Order in Council, dedare any tract d»- 
scribed in such Order in Council a " Mining Division.'* He may also api>oint Inspectora of such 
Divisions, who shall be *x officio Justices ofthe Peace of all Counties or Districts included in such 
DivisioM, and shall settle aU disputes as to boundaries of claims, use of % ar a. access thereto, damages 
by licenses to othen, and generally to settle all difficulties arising under '.Ht Act 

Inspectora may, on receipt ot $5.00, grant a Miner's License, to continue in force for one year, and 
to be renewable for a further term of one year on payment of a lurth tx sum of 85.00. The hcensee is 
authorised to explora and to mine, for one year, on any unsold Crown Lands within the Division, and 
may stake out and work one claim. 

Dimontiotu of Claim*. 

Alluvial Mint$j— If on any river or creek, too feat firont by 100 feet to tne rear, measured from 
water's edge. 

If in a gully, 100 feet along said gully, to extend firom hill to hill. 

If on a surace or hill-side digging, 100 feet square, except where a company intend to hill tunnel, 
when the officer ofthe division may grant such larger claim as he may thtnk fit 

For working any bed of a river, the officer sluul determine as drcamstances may requira, the sise 
and position of claims. 

QnartM Mint*,— Var each person, 150 feet along a lead by loo fiset on each side thereof. For 
companies, too feet along lead for every additional miner, not to exceed 1,000 feet altogether. 

Discoveries to be reported. Discoverer entitled to two of the largest claims prescribed by 
this Act. 

Party walls three feet thick to be left between each holding on Crown Lands, to be used in 
common for access to streams. 

Mills must be licensed and fiiraish returns. Parties applying for licenses are required to give 
bonds to the amount of $3000. 

Royalty ftom a to 10 per cent, to be fixed from time to time by the Lieut-Governor in Council, 
and to vary for different divisions and mines aceordmg to yield. Proprieton may mine on private 
lands subject to above ro^nlty. 

Mill ownen to receive firom the Treasurar of the Province s per cent on royalty actually paid 
by them. 

No action having been taken under this Act, statistics of the yield of gold in Ontario ara not 
obtainable. 

Mininf/orikt Inferior Metal*. — Each mining tract in unsurveyed territory is to be of blocks of 
300 or 400 acres. They must be surveyed by a Provincial Land Surveyor, and paid for at the value 
of $1 per acre. In surveyed townships, mineral lots are to be sold for f i per acre when the lands are 
held at less than that sum, and at the same price as other lands in townships when they are held at 
more. Payment must, however, be made in cash. 



Mining in Canada — Qutbec. 



I 



QUIBIC. 

CtfMl— Th* jold-btaring portiont of Ihli Pruvlnea hav* bMii trtctcd into tw'< <mt, tha 

St. Frand* and tM Chaudiara Uold Mining Diviiionii, 

In tha formar division liitia haa baan dona, 'I'ha Intpaeior, Mr. Jamaa R. Oilman, report <« that 
at tha Golconda Mina a trashing mill with two stampi haa baan aractad, but no statistics are pro- 
curabla. Two yaars ago, in anothar part of tha Division, about |Jt40o worth of gold was taksn out of 
a space of a Quarter acre, giving f 4 or |s a day par man, Kxoepi in these two cases, gold-mining in 
this Division nas not gone beyond prospecting. 

In tha Chaudiera Division minma prograssas steadily. Since our last issue several shaft* have 
been sunk on the property of the De Lery Company. Htaam pumps have been imported from England 
and the United States. Large ndning claima have been recently leased to English and Amarican 
companies, who are carrying on extensive operations. 

The amount of gold obtained in the Chaudlera Division during tha half year ended the 30th June, 
1868, waa 7SS ounces, valued at #i),5ao. Tha number of mining licenses issued during that liina 
was 604. 

The De Lary Company have erected a ten atamp crushing mill, and have tested some of the quarta 
veins which have been uncapped in the Seigniory Rfgnud-Vaudreuil, w''h satisfactory results. 

The above particulars of tha Chaudlera Gold Mining Divisioi lava been kindly furnished by 
R. Pope, Esq., Inspector. 

when we consider that the aunferoua alluvions of Quebec co«er more than 10,000 square miles, 
we may hope much for the Aitura of gold mining in this Province. 

.S'lAwr.— Numerous veins of argentiferous galena are scattered over that portion of Quebec to the 
south of tha St. Lawrence, one of which contains aixty-Ave ounces of silver to the ton of md, (Moul- 
ton Hill.) Noprogress. however, has been made in silver mining, 

O/Ar^.— Copper mininghaa tjeen prosecuted during tha lut ten years in innumerable places 
in the Eutem Townships. The diKovgry of tha Acton Mina caused the wildest excitement. I'ha 
region was soon honev-cnmbed with deserted holes, nearly all of which conUined more or less copper. 
The Acton Mina was long the only one to yield any considarabla return 2 producing, from its opening 
in 1859 to its close in 1864, ore to the value, we banavc, of more than a million dollars. The ore w.is 
chiefly in surface " pockets." waa quarried ratliar than mined, and waa therefore raised at very small 
cost. The mine was closed owinj to the beds being exhauated. 

The Harvey Hill Minea, (English and Canadian Mining Company,) were operjd in 1858, and 
have been conducted on the aoundest prindplei. Underground work has lieen steadily carried on to 
prove the extent and richnew of the veins and intarstratiflad beds j the latter being the most important, 
maintaining their character to great depths. Up to 186$ comparatively little ore was shipped : but the 
result of long, patient and skilful investigations has been so satisfactory that, in 1867, the Company 
determined to put up amelting works at a cost of over Mo,ooo. Whan on the eve of completion these 
works were destroyed by fire ; but are now so Ar rabtiilt u to have allowed a trial during the present 
month, (Auguat. 1868,) with utisfitctory result. 

During the last four years, the average number of men employed haa been f^om i<o to aoo. 

The shipments of ore for the nine years ended the jist December, 1866, were as follows:— 



Year. 



i8$8. 
i3s9. 
i860. 
i85i. 
186a. 



Tons. 



10 

43 
los 

TO 
94 



Per cent, 

4S 
45 

39 



Yaar, 



1863. 
1864. 

laoo* 



Total. 



Tone. 



"1 
ajD 

187 

S06 



1365 



Percent. 



30 
30 
33 

31 



Av. 33 3-9 



In 1867 some 4,000 tons of 3) per cent, ore were raiaad. This ore was not dressed, but piled up 
for smelting, when the works were burnt. Owing to this accident, and to the great quantity of ore at 
the surface, underground work haa been temporarily stopped. Trlbuting is, however, beins carried 0:1 
at the surface. For the above information, we are indebted to the kindness of the Rev. }. S. Brown, 
manager of die Harvey Hill Mines. 

llie Huntington Mine commc.ced in i86g. For the first year work was confined to exploration. 
Up to September ist, 1867, about Mn thousand tons of ore were raised, and nearly all cx:x>rtcd xa 
Boston, Baltimore and Liverpool. Extensive works for crushing and washing have bsen erected, by 
the aid of which an additional amount of ore, nearly 300 tons monthly, can bo prepared for market. 
The machinery ia driven by water power, which alao drivea a large lumber establishment ir. connec- 
tion with the mine. 

There are erected for the use of the miner* and their nmilies over fifty dwelling houses. The 
cost of these, besides all the numerous mine buildings, and of all tha labor on the mine from tli? begin- 
ning, including roads, bridges and all improvementa, has baan met from the product of the mine. In 
September, 1863, the locality waa a dense wilderness. Now, (186S,) the village ndioinin^ the 
mine (Dillon,) ia the largest in the Township of Bolton, with a large school and weekly divine sorvic:. 

It is the intention, we believe, of the Company, to araot smelting works and to build a rail or 
tramway from the Frost Village Railway sution to tha mina. 

From the report of Captain Francia Benmtts, (October 8th, 1867,) it appears that up to tha! date 
the workings consisted, besides surface explorations, of a shaft 130 feet deej), sunk on the fi'.-3t vein 
discovered. A second vein was afterwards iound, 8 or 10 feet wide, four feet of which is so'.id ore. 

Captain Bennetts says further :— " The full working capacity of the crusher 'a equal to pu' V2r..::ni; 
" about 80 tons of vein-stone per 34 hours. We find that le tons of cninhcd vein-stone will mnUo rro:n 3 . ;> 
" sitons of marketable ore." From this it is calculated that the prenent returns from the sale of ore 
are about (13,000 per month, and the profit about *6,ooe per month. 

The above infonration has been most kindly givan by D. Ross Wood, Esq., Sccreury a.iJ 
Treasurer to the Huntington Mining Company. 

The Capel Mine is owned and worked by Montreal capitalists. It haa been in steady opera*lon 
since May, 1866. Three shafta have been sunk. Tha greatest depth reached ia aOs fcst. The.-.: 
shafts are connected by levels, the longest of which is 54a feat in length. The total depth of ahxts k 
514 feet, and the united length of levels 1,300 feet. 

About soo tons are raised monthly. About 100 hands are employed. Dressing floors, shod-, ar.d 






^ 



Mi ' i^'^il 



S4 



Mining in Canada — Quebec. 




j4th), and one ts foot level will dinclosefor Hoping over so.aoo tons. 
Wo are imeiting with improved cliimney Airnncet. Average amount 



The vein 
■melted aa 



tramway* have been buili, alto a routing floor and (melting </orlti, tlir latter capable of running about 

600 or 700 toriiofnre per month. Hitherto the ore hat been merely smelted to a regulus of about 

40 per cent., in which state it \% shipped. » " -««"•» 

The oncMtions ol this mine can be immensely increased whenever the present low prices mav 

Ctase to rule ni the copper market. *^ ' 

For the above 

T 

about 

Adams 

dressed. 

sight to-day (Sept 
averages 9 feet. 
I! '"n? °'' <"« Pe' »4, hours. Each furnace produces daily from 6,5c»To 7/000' iSrao percenT.'reBuJufc 
"sellingat thcworksatscentsnerlb.. orliioperton. All products are shipped to Liverpool." 

1 he regulus contains about ^30 gold and |6s silver per ton, also small quantities of nickel, cobalt 
Ud lead. 

The Ives Mine is situated in the Township of Bolton. A shaft has been sunk 15 fathoms, and 

levels driven at different depths for the distance of about 100 fathoms. For connection with the 

levels a second shaft has been sunk. The ore is a rich yellow sulphuret, associated generally with 

the slate, but occurring in large " bunches," several feet thick. The principal lode, which has proved 

nrtremely rich, is ij ft, wide, and in some portions shews a width of six feet of solid ore ; almost the 

whole ground through which the levels have been driven is copper bearing, and from the levels alone 

many hundred tons of ore have been raised to the surface. The Company have in contemplation, 

the erection of reducing works for treatment of poor ores. Until their completion, the shipmenU of 

the ore will be only of the higher standards. * ;fty tons of ore varying from 18 per cent, to jo per 

cent, have thus been shipped in the month of November, and it is expected will be followed hf •imUar 

ahipments monthly, a» soon as the Company order the commencement of "atopiog." 

The above is from the report kindly furnished bv Captain Koi^an, Manager. 

Sir Wm. Logan remarks, in that invaluable work, the Giology o/Canaaa (1863) ;— "The copper 

" deposits of the Eastern Townships are unlike those of Cornwall and of Lake Huron, in which the 

" metal has been concentrated in well-defined lodes. They are, however, very similar in their stnic- 

** tare and mode of occurrence to thosr of the same age in Norway and Sweden. 'Ihe analogous 

"copper ores in the Permian Slatf4 of Mansfeld and Hesse, and those of both sides of the I7ral 

** Mountains, are in like manner disseminated in beds and not in veins. Copper-bearing beds simiUr 

" to those of Canada are also wrought in schistose rocks of the Quebec group in Maryland, in Ten- 

" nesaee, and other parts of the United Sutes." 

It is therefore very probable that as aettleiaent and examination proceed in thia extensive copper 
bearing region, which is still in great part covered with dense forest, that surftce "pockets" like the 
Acton Mine, paying richly from the first, will firom time to time be met with. At the same time the 
persistence and richness of the interstratified beds, over great extents and to great depths, have been 
proved by the valuable researches of ten years at the Harvejr Hill Mines. When we remember the 
•stent of this re|;ion, and the foct that copper ia found at all points in it, the iUture of copper-mining in 
Quebec looks bright indeed. 

/rM.— Iron ores of the best kind exist in many places ia the Province of Quebec, and have bev.i 
aore or less a source of industry for a hundred and thirty years. 

Bog ore in considerable quantities is spread along the north shora of the St. Lawrence, from the 
vicinity of Montreal neariy to Quebec. A furnace for smelting this ore was established in St. Maurice 
County in 1737, whera the manufacture of iron was continued until 1838, when it ceased, owing to the 
growing scarcity of ore and cluurcoal in the neighborhood. 

The Radnor forges wnre some years ago erected at Batiscan. About a,oao tons of cast iron are 
kere produced annually. The chief manuncture carried on hitherto has been that of wheels for rail- 
smy cars. Wrought iron is also made, and a rolling mill haa been erected. 

In 1854 work was commenced on a bed of magnetite in Hull, for the purpose of supplying the 
fnmaces of Messrs. Fonyth & Co., of Pittsburgh. Up to 1838 about 8,000 tons had been exported, 
-when operatioiM ceased. 

In 1866, the Canada Iron Mining and ManuCicturing Comr«ny purchasad the Hull Iron Mines, 
and erected a fiimace on the banks of the Oatineau, about 3I miles firom Ottasra. They are at present 
turning out about 34 tons of pig iron a day. Large kilns for charcoal burning have been erected, 
o^Mble of makiiw, we an informed, ao,aoo bushels at once. There are also steam engines, boilers, 
crushte, and workmen's dwellings. The bed of ore is 90 feet thick, and practically inexhaustible, llie 
iron produced firom it is of very superior quality. About aoo men are employed. 

Tlie Company likewise possesses 10,000 acres of timber lands, and i,aoo acres of peat lan4> 
The Moisie Company are working a vast deposit of magnetite at the motfth of the Moisits River, 
about 300 miles below Quebec The oed contains, it is computed, about twenty million tons of ore, 
pcriiectiy free from sulphur and phosphorus, which interfera so much with the working of most iron 
ores. The on lies on the surface, in the form of a black sand, and can be placed on board vessels at 
a cost of about 35 centa per ton. 

The iron manufactured firom the Moisie ore is of very superior quality, as is shewn m the state- 
assBt ^tbe Fairbaim Engineering Company, Manchester, England : — 

BrssWny BtnUa per 
sqasreineh tntona. 

Montreal (Moisie) Iron 06.40 

Lowmoorlron '3*79 •■•• 

Derbyshiredo ai.68 .... 

Shropshire do aa.83 .... 

StuCTordshire do 19-56 •••• 

From this it will appear that the Moisie iron is i-ai; stronger than the Lowmoor. the best Englbh 
brand. It is also to M obser-ed that its elongation is very great, 7-10 of an inch to a foot It is 
therefore very suitable to the manufacture of wire. 

From experiments made at the West Point Foundry, it appean that the Moisie wrought iron 
bearsa pressuro of 8o,a3i lbs. to the square inch, or over 30,000 morethattthe best American orands. 
The Moisie samjde tried in this instance was simply roUed fit>m the bloom. Had it been refined 
to the extext or the competing ti^flmt"*! it would doubtless have stood 100,000 lbs. to thei 
aquarainch. 



rionfatlonper 
'tof inoSas. 



unite 



•oS9» 



Mining in Canada — Nova Scotia. 



3ft 



Th« tAoxnt iron is peculiarly tuitid ioth« manufacture of the Anett Meet, edge toolt, &c. 

The Coiupany'a paid-Mp ca|i.\t»l it |i,oao,ooci Tliey employ about joo men, 'I'hcy \\.\\p an iron 
traniway connecting works, mine, kilns and whArt, and a fine little iron screw nteamshii). It ii e^ii- 
mated (nat their present workt are capable of turning out about .i,aoo tona of wrought iron ye,iilv, 
with a profit of |i]o,ooo. This is independent of profit from the sale of ore. It it expected that the 
product will soon Im* do^ililt .. which cvo/d be done at little expense. 

Plumbago.— '\'h» v. ,«na' lun Gr;«phite Company commenced work in 1866, in the Township of 
Buckingham, about an miles fr<>n\ •:)ttawa. They have spent upwards of |iu,aoo in tesiioK v.irioUM 
vcini and beds. _ One viiit of uure graphite is exposed mo feet on the surface. A sh.ifi has hf.en sunk 
30 feet in this vein, which at the bottom has .1 width of 34 inches, seemingly widening as the Hliaf't is 
•unk. This company is also workiii^ a bed of disstimin.ited ore (from to to 40 percent,) haviii); n 
width of 330 feet, and a depth of 60 ieet running into the mountain. They have erected a crusher, 
turning oat about a) tons a day. 

The Canada Plumbago ('ompany have erected a crusher also, in Buckingham, capable of turning 
out about 3 tons daily. 1'he Manager, Mr. S. T, Pearce, has lately patented a machme for dressing 
plumbago and other orex whereby all loss incidental to dressing by water is avoided. 

The Lochaber Plumbago Company have also a crusher in operation. 

The Central Canada Mining Company have also taken up i,soo acres in Templeton, in which 
gold bearing quartz exists, yielding by analysis |i8. 53 per ton. 

Other crushing mills are in course of const) uction. 

The above operations are only a bcgii\ning of what mutt very toon be a very extentlve branch of 
induttry. 

/>««/.— There are in the Province of Quebec not less than 60,000 acres of peat lands already 
known, excluding the great bed on Aniicosti island, whic h contains as many mjre ; many of the bed* 
being conveniently situated for manufacture and transport. 

The works of the Canada Peat Con,pany at Lapigeonniere and St. Hubert, near Montreal, have for 
tome time been supplying; the Grand Trunk Railway with fuel, and their corapresaed peat, tomew^iat 
retembling lignite, is coming largely into general use. 

The value of peat as a railway fuel is best shown by the experiments of F. H. Trevithick, Esq., 
formerly manager of the Locomotive Department of the Grand Trunk, which proved Us calorific 
power in comparison to that of hardwood to be as follows : — 

Number of train miles run per gross ton of 3,340 lbs. of peat, with an 

average number of as 4-10 cars per train 31 6-10 milts. 

Train miles run (on sama line of read) per cord of wood, 3,703 lbs., 

with an average of lo^ cars per train ar 6-10 " 

Compressed peat is now sold to the public in Montreal at I3.35 per torn. The average price of 
wotxl in Montreal is f6.oo or $9.00 per cord. A ton of peat is equal in calorific power to li cords of 
wood. The price of peat will, doubtless, be lower when the beds are more extensively worked. 

During tne season of 1868, the Canada Peat Fuel Company's works will probably produce from 
8,000 to 10,000 toiu of compressed peat, and next year the product is exper*-)d to amount to 30,000 
tons. 

MiutBantoMt. 

Chro mi u m . — Chromic iron oreoocurt in qeantity in many places among the serpentines of Quebec. 
From £\\ los. to £ia stg. per ton have been offered for this ore in Glasgow and London. — Geolofy 
of Canada. Preparations of chromium are used in the manafacture of pigments and in dyeing. Mr. 
Macfarlane has suggested that the manufacture of bichromate of potash might be carried on success- 
fully in Quebec 

^l!i/»i«fM.— leexhaustible sources of magnesia exist in the magnesites and serpentines of the 
Eastern Townships. 

Marbles, beautiful Serpentines and Verd Antique are fouud in different parts of the Province. 

Mitung Rtgulatwm*. 

MMag/ortht PrtcioMS Mttaii is regulated b^ Act 37 and 38 Vic, cap. 9, amended by 39 Vic, 
cap. 9, (1865) : further amended by the " Gold Mining Amendment Act," passed by the Local Legis- 
lature in 1868. 

Miners mnst take out either a CVown Lands Gold License, for Crown Lands, (fee, %% a month) : 
or a " Private Lands Gold License," for private lands, ffee, f i a month), first obtaining consent of 
proprietor. Under the Crown Lands license, cUiims may be worked as follows : — 

Alluvial Mifut.— On a river or large creek, 30 feet front by 50 feet from the water's edge ; on a 
small creek, 40 feet by 50 from centre of stream ; in a gully, 60 feet along the same, and fi-om hill to 
hill ; on aurfiice or hill side, 60 feet sq'iare. The Inspector may determine the size and position of 
daims in beds of rivers, oris rase of tunnelling may g^nt a larger claim. 

Siurts-crushing machines must be licensed, keep books, and furnish returns : license fee, $$ per 
a 

All licensees to make returns of their proceedings ; and discoverers of gold mines to be entitled to 
a free license for one year. 

The Lieutenant Governor may appoint Inspectors, who shall have, within their divisions, the 
powers of superintendent or inspector or police, stipendiary ' :;gistrate, judge of sessions of the peace, 
sheriff or recorder: and shall pronounce summarily in all disputes respecting boundaries of claims, 
damages, Ac. ; their decisions to be final. 

No mirituoas liquors to be sold within three leagues of mines without liceiue firom iiupector. 

Mimng/or im/trior Al!rte&.— Regulations same as in Ontario. 

Nova Scotia. 

John Rutherford, Esq., Inspector of Mines, remarks, in his report for the year ending the 30th 
September, 1867, that " although the mining operations in the Province have not, Amr.g the past 
" year, been characterised by that activity which prevailed in the preceding year, and the returns of 
" coal raised show a diminution of nearly 31 per cent, it is nevertheless a cheering fact that not only 
" have additional mines been opened, bat that preparations are also being made at ethers for a consia- 
" crable extensioa <rf the powers of prodaction." 

GdtL—yf* transcribe the ftUowuig from the report of Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, F. R. S., (1867) :— 

I" It may well exdte surprise that so little mining has yet been done in Nova Scotia, where gold 
" is known to be spread over an area of not less than 6000 square miles, and where, notwithstanding 



I 



m 



I -'3 



86 



Mitung in Canada — Nova Scotia. 



* the want of skill of the early adventurers, and the lack of capital, such remarkable results have already 

* been obtained. _ The lodes of this region, which are very regular in structure, have been shown to 
' preserve their richness to depths of aoo and 300 feet, and from their geological relations there is 

. * J j*^ reasoa to believe will continue unchanged to the greatest attainable depths. To this it may be 
'added that the price oMabor is moderate, not exceeding f 1.25 a day : fuel, both wood and coal, 

* cheap and abundant, the region healthful and easily accessible from abroad. When all these things 
" are taken into consideration, it would appear that no other gold mining region ofiiers such induce- 
" ments to the introduction of capital and skilled labour, and that these alone are required to make 
" Nova Scotia one of the great gold producing regions of the world." 

The following statement is from the Report of the Chief Commissioner of Mines, for the year 
ended the 30th September, 1867 :— 



Districts. 



Stonn't(Isaac'sHar.) 

Wine Harbor 

Sherbrooke 

Tangier 

Montague 

Waverley 

Oldham 

Renfrew 

Uniacke 

Unprodaimed and 
other Districts. . 



4 
I 



af - 

g « o. 

o 9, 



45 

33 
99 
«9 

i8x 

189 
30 



676 



35 



(A 




i,M9 
1,667 

486 

11,389 
960 

7i770 
i,ai3 

117 



'7 I 8 30.673 



^1 



oz..dwt gr. 

§ 13 

* il 
I 19 

7 
I 8 

« 4 
>5 IS 

I 3 4 



•53 



I? 
I 



oz. dwt. gr.' oz. dwt. gr. 

1505 3 It 

764 9 9 

8533 8 II 

395 16 10 

417 IJ 31 

4134 >8 >7 

1359 13 3 

9401 a 10 

947 « «7 



30 6 o 



38 15 15 



135 O 31 



17 33 



49 ' IS '7583 6 09 




^18.73 
438.60 

«.59as8 
385- SO 
406.60 
433.63 
483.88 
895.30 
584.00 

378.55 



765.00 



From this statement it appears that the increase in the total yield df gold over that of the previous 
twelve months is 3,431 ounces, and the average yield per man I96 greater. From the official returns 



»J 



for the last six years (ending Sept. joth, 1867.) based on the Kold (^ which the royalty of 3 per cent, 
has been paid, we find that the vield durins that period has oeen .119,541^ ounces, worth 1(3,390,081. 

" The gold of Nova Scotia," say:* Dr. Hunt, is remarkable for itsj>urity, different aissays showing 
" a fineness of from 966 to 983 thousandths, so that its value is about f so the ounce." 

Coal — Proof of the steady progress of coal-mining in Nova Scotia will be found in the statement 
contained in the last Ytar Book of the amount of coal raised each year since 1837, showing an increase 
firom 11.491 tons in that year to 684,766 tons in 1866. 

During the year ending the 30th September, 1867, the coal sold was as follows : — 



Mines. 



Chie^necto 

Joggins 

Lawrence 

Maccan 

St. George 

Victoria 

Albion ' 

Acadia • 

German 

Intercolonial 

Montreal and Pictou 

McBcan 

McKay ■ 

Nova Scotia 

Acadia 

Chimney Comer 

Richmond 

Block House ...< 



Round. Slack. 



Tons. 

3«3 
6,758 



640 



389 
104,948 

9.079J 

40 

360 

337 

6 

»734 

3» 



7X.M9 



Ton». 
i.7>9 



«S.S37, 
i.833i 

8S 

4^i 
9 



Mines. 



77 



Caledonia 

Clyde 

Collins 

Glace Bay 

Gowrie 

Ingrahara 

International 

Lingan 

Matne >on 

Mira Bay 

South Head Cow Bay . . 

Sydney 

ictoria 

Cape Breton C. M. Co. 

Black Rock 

New CampbtUtown ■ . . • 



Total. 



Round. Slack. 



Tons. 

3» 

336 
388 
49.^37 
31.875* 

18,691^ 
4SiS70 
73« 



97.9'3 
387 

3.7 «oi 
163 

4.738J 



Tons. 



«7 
60 

a.889 

6.743 



»."St 
136 



3,139^ 

■■■76i"' 

163 



447.S3a 



34.54* 



Wc subjoin the following report of the progress und prospects of the Intercolonial Coal Mining 
Company, (Montreal and Pictou) kindly sent by G. A. Drummond, Esq., of Montreal, president. 

Thc'Corapany owns about 4 square miles of the coal field, between the East and West rivers, in 
county of Pictou. 

During the past 13 months (up to August. 1868,) two parallel slopes have been sunk to a depth of 
about 800 feet, descending in the seam, which has a thickness of 19 feet 6 inches, and an underlie of 
about 30 dcsre^-j. From these slopes the bords at ri^ht angles are commenced at regular intervals. 
A pair of horizontal coupled windin'; and pumping engines work at the top of the slopes, and hoist the 
coal in wa-Tjons running ou the substantial T rails with which each slope is laid. The waggons, on 
reaching: the surfac:, empty their contests over screens of iron bars into the railway trucks, which are 
arranrred to be ready to convey ths coal to ths shipping {[round. 

The railway built by the company to Picton harbor 13 about seven miles long, of the same gauge 
a3 the provincial railway. Ths wagons and locomotives of the company can, therefore, traverse 
the line t.) Halifax, and to othsr parts of the Dominion. It terminates on a wharf where there is 
a depth of i3 feet water at low tide. 



Mining in Canada — Nova SeoHa. 



37 



These works will be in active operation by the Mth September, t868, and will enable the company 
to ship 1,500 tons daily. ' 

The coal is partly an excellent steam coal, and partly a gas coal, which has shown good resiilu in 
the Pictou Gas Works. The proprietors do not donbt that this colliery will do much to solve the 
fuel question of the Dominion. 



««4.?* 



The totoj amount of coal raised in Nova Scotia during the above period was S42,ia7i tons, against 
766 tons in 1866. The total amount sold in 1867 was 483,078 tons, against 601,303 tons in 1866. 
^he distribution of the coal sold in 1866-67 was as follows :— 



Raised 

Sold for heme consumption 

Exported to neighbounng( colonies 
Eiqported to other countnes 



ToUl. 



1866. 



Tons round. 



618,620 



87,639 

95.077 

378,7" 



S6i,4ia 



Tons slack. 



66,146 



11,988 
11,583 
16,303 



39.874 



1867. 



Tons round. Tons slack. 



480,330 



83.841* 

9a.SS« 

371,1394 



447.533 



61,907! 



13,804* 
10,729} 
10,013 



34.546 



The average number of persons (men and bo/s) employed in the coal mines of Nova Scotia during 
1867 was 2,984. There were 41S horses employed, and steam power to the amount of 1,545 horse. 

It may be well to observe that the chief commissioner of mines attributes the falling off in the 
quantity of coal raised to the abrogation of the Reciprocity Treaty. 

During 1867, the amonnt expended in working the coal mines of Nova Scotia, was {380,903.07. 
In mining for silver, copper, lead, &c, little has been done. The galena of the Gay's River Silver 
Lead Mi.ies. gives 11 ounces of silver per ton, but no statistics have come to hand of the quanti^ 
raised. Copper has been mined near Tatamagouche. 

From 1833 to 1867 inclusive, 1,404,375 tons of gypsum were exported, worth #1,031,154. 

Baryta is new mined by the Colchester Baryta Company, at Five Islands. The quality is good, 
and the quantity believed to be abundant 

The foUowmg is a comparative statement, from the report of the Hon. Robert Robertson, Chief 
Commissioner of Mines, of receipt and expenditure for twelve months ended September 30th, 1866^ 
and twelve months ended September 30th, 1867 :— 



Receipts. 



RenU— Gold 

Royalty " 

P.Licenses" 

License to search Coal. ■ 
Royalty " .. 

Licenses to work 



13 months, 
1866. 



Total. 



% c. 

3,936 86 

13,365 »3 

56649 

7,53600 

46.939 75 
3,650 00 



13 months, 
1867. 



76,878 33 



t c. 

6,837 93 

15,73a 36 
1,338 84 
3,980 60 

64,486 00 
3,54000 



93.795 



-A 



Expenditure. 



Return Royalty— Gold 
Commis'n on " " 

Salaries and Surveys " 
Return Rents " . 

Lands 

Stationery and Printing . . 

Office Expenses 

General Expenses 

Return Licenses to Search. 
Return Prospecting Licen's 

Surveys— Coal 

Roads 

Return Licenses to Work 



Total amount ■ 
Balance 



13 months, 
1866. 



% c. 

3,483 69 
669 49 

3,068 40 
170 00 

1,319 80 
638 00 

569 55 

7.433 43 
780 00 



31586 



300 00 



16,547 »i 
60,331 03 



Total . 



I 76,878 33 



13 months. 
1867. 



% 

m 

643 

3,039 

50 

as 

1.437 

77 

7.513 

740 

5 

19 

A36 

50 



9t 

Of 

71 

o« 
6o 

35 
00 
ot 
00 

^ 

33 
00 



13,724 63 
80,070 51 



93.775 13 



llie balance, therefore, in favor of the department of mines, in 1867, waa 180,070.51, or 
#aok3os-9S more than in 1866. 

We are glad to obssrve that during 1868, mbing has been very active, and that the attention of 
capitalists of the Dominion has been largeljr atiracted to the Nova Scotia coal and gold fields, whereas 
hitherto so much of this industry has been in American hands. We shall, doubtless, have next year 
to chronicle a progress hitherto unequalled, in both these important branches of mining. 

Mining RegulatiofU. 

There has been no alteration since the issue of the last Vtar Book in the mining laws of Nova 
Scotia. We therefore subjoin our previous digest. 

The Statue of Nova Scotia "of mines and minerals," provides that quartz mines (gold) shall, in 
general, be laid off in areas of 150 feet along a quarts lode, by 350 feet across, in quadrilateral and 
rectangular shape. Payment in advance on application for a gold mine, la. 00. Leases to be for 31 
vean. One hundred days' labor to be employed annually on each area, unless more than ten are held 
by one person, in which case some allowances are made. 

Prospecting licenses (gold) cover an area not exceeding 100 acres, and cost 50 cents per acre for 
the first ten, and 35 cents per acre for the remainder. Bonds must be entered into to recompense 
private owuera for damage done to their kinds ; also to employ at least one man per day in developing 
the area. 

Qaarts mills must be licensed, and keep books open to government inspection. They must 
reserve for the government a royalty of 3 per cent of tha produce of gold. 

Licenses to explore for other than gold mines, valid for one year, cover tracts not to exceed s 
miles square, but not less than a miles in width, and cost %ao. Bonds are required similar to those 
given in the case of gold license*. Licenses to work cover two years. Leases of coal mines must 
expire on or before 35th August, t J6S. Leases of mines other than coal or gold are for 31 years. 



«(»,■■< 



.38 



Mining in Canada — Nav Brunswick^ &*c. 



Ill 



ip; 






^ is payable quarterly on minerals " in marketable condition ;" $ per cent, on all ores and 
minerals, except gold, iron and coal ; 8 cents per ton on every ton of iron, and ten cents per ton on 
every ton of c^il. Returns to be made under oath. 

New Briinswick. 

The minerals hitherto mined in New Brunswick have been gas coal and antimony (see Vtar 
Book for 1867.) No new statistics have come to hand. 

Go/d, — During the present summer (1868X about thirty square miles of territory have been 

furchased from tne Provincial Government by Mr. Langstan, and others associated with him. 
'respecting is said to have been favorable, shownig a yield of $3 per cubic yard of earth dug on the 
banks of the Shicktehauk, a tributary of the St. John River. 

Mining' Regulations. 

The following are the latest rules and regulations for granting licenses :— 

On Oranttd Land».~Ui. Jitott Mining Lloenra to be exempted from payment of Rovaltr for fire yean from 
HsdBte. 

2nd. The Bent of Royalty upon Coal to bo one Bhillinsr per chaldron, (with the exception of that to be raiaod from 
lands formerly under leiuo to Bert n, Maynard and Syphen, whoro tho rate is to bo two BhiUinga per chaldron.) 
Upon Shale sixpence per chaldron, and upon ail Metallio Ores, except Qold and Silver, i}^ per cent, upon tho rslue 
thersof when 1 aised or dug. 

3rd. On payment of a fee of fire dollars, Lioense to be granted to the owner of tho soil, or his assignee, for Coal 
or Shale for a period not exceeding twcnty-flTo years, and for other Minerals for a period not oxcoedlng fifty years. 

4th. The Bent or Royalty to bo paid quarterly on the first of February, Hay, August and NoTombor, in each year 
after the fifth, to the RecelTer-Oenerol or Agent for that pnrpota to Le ^pointed by the Lieutenant-OoTsmor. Tha 
statements on which such paymsnts are to bo made are to do on oath. 

OnCroicnZand:!.— (LiocBscsonwhichore perlodioally sold by anction) :— 

1st. Every Mining Lease to 'm exempted from payment of Royalty for five years from Its date. 

Snd. That the right of Mining within a tract of one sqnaro mile, for tho ter.-n of 1 wenty-fivo yean, bo put up at 
a fixed rate of one shilling per chaldron on Coal, and five per cent on the value of all oiher minerals raised, to be paid 
quarterly in each year after the fifth. 

3rd. That the upset preference price for each lot bo flye pounds, 

4th. That tho prof .rence money bo paid, and the ground selected within one honr after the time of sale, after 
whi h other lota wul be offered K required, in like manner. 

6th. That tho Leaso contain a clause of renewal, or that the Ooremment may resume and take the improrementi 
at A Taliutlon to be made by Arbitnton mutually chosen by the Surveyor Oenraml for the time being, and by th« 
Lessee or his Assigns. 

6th. That 'f the Lessee shall not actually raise Coal or other Mineral to the value of four hundred dollan per mile 
from his ground witUn any one year after four yean from date of said laoia, and so on annually dulng the oontinu- 
ance of the lease, the same shall become f orf titea. 

Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. 

There are no mines of any kind in Prince Edward Island. In Newfoundland mining activity 
constantly increases. The Union Copper Mine (Messrs. Bennett & McKay, proprietors) has now 
been in operation three years, during which time it has shipped 13,000 tons, the yield for each year 
respectively having been 1,000, 4,000, and 8,000 tons. The ore averages la per cent., and is worth, a| 
Swansea (Wales) ^8 stg. per ton. The product of the mine has therefore been £io^,ooa sterling. 
The mine supports a population of 1,000, where three years ago only one family resided. 300 mett 
and boys are employed. 

The Terra Nova Mine (Bentiett, McKay, and others) is capable of shipping about 30,000 tons per 
annum, but the ore being poor shipments are for the present suspended. Other copper mines have 
been worked but not successfully so far. 

Coal and Petroleum exist on the " French Coast," but, owing to the rights of France, the New- 
foundland Government has not made any mining grants. For the same reason the fine marble quarrtep 
remain unworked. 

The Lead mines at Lamanche were worked some years ago, and large quantities shipped, but for 
the present work is abandoned. This mine belongs to the New York and Newfoundland Telegraph 
Company. < 

Oiher Minerals. 

" Specimens of copper, tin, platinum, plumbago, galena, iron, &c., have been discovered in many 
** parts of the country, which is also believed to be rich in silver leads." 

Mining Regttlaiions. 

The principal feature of the mining laws of Newfoundland is that the Government makes to appli- 
cants grants of a square mile each, on a lease for 999 years, claiming a royalty of a^ percent, after five 
years. 



British Columbia. 



(Nov., 



The foUowmg statistics are <rom the work by the editor entitled " British Columbia." 
1867):- 

Gold. — " British Columbia is surrounded by ranges of auriferous mountains, and the specks of the 
" predons metal called " cdor" may be found in almost any section of the country." 

Gold was discovered in 1858, and prospects improved until in 1861, "Antler Creek in Caribou 
" yielded at )he lowest $10,000 a day. On one claim $1,000 were taken out of the sluice boxes as the 
" result of one day's labor. One claim on William's Creek gave in one day 409 ounces, the total ob- 
*' taitied on its area uf 80 feet by 35, being $105,000. In 1863 sinking, drifting atid tunnelling began. 
" In this year ' Cunningham's Claini' averaged $2,000 a dav during the whole season. On several days 
" 5a lbs. were taken out. 600 ounces were taken out of a single claim in one day. In 1863 ' Dillon's 
" Claim,' gave the extraordinary yield of ids lbs., or abont Sso.ooo in one day." 

Coal. — " Coal crops out along the whole Northern coast of Vancouver's Island. The great 
"value of the mines has been proved. One field in Newcastle Island, owned by English capittQists, 
" composing the Vancouver Coal Company, is estimated to contain 3tiDoo,ooo tons." 

Tlie mines were opaned in 185a. The following quantities have been raised (" output' 
shipped:— 1863 1863 1864 1865 1866 



')and 



Output 4,860 19,346 

Shipments 3i,550 



49,069 



3».499 
3a.8i8 



a9t543 

35,313 



I railed from 
It chaldron.) 
n the Ttlus 



mprorementt 
g, and by th* 

)UaT8permtte 
r the oonttna- 



ooo tons per 
mines have 



Shipping. 



39 



SHIPPING. 



Since our last Year Book was published, m enumeration has been made by order of Parliament 
of all the ships owned and registered in the Dominion. l>e result shews, psrhaps as correctly as 
possihle, the state of our shipping interests. For although the precise wording of the return, viz., 
"owned and registered," excludes a good manv ships registered in the Provinces, but not owned here, 
(which formerly appeared upon our nominal rell,) and also not a few which are owned but not regis- 
tered, still a ship which is not both owned and registered in Canada can hardiv be said to be in the 
fullest sense Canadian. We deem it necessary to say this because the totals of the return arc not so 
great as those we gave in our last Year Books, which, it may be remembered, contained the first 
careful statement ever made as to the shipping of the Dominion. The figures compare as follows : — 

Year Book statement — 6,165 vessels of 859,829 tons, worth *l33i6i9,t57. 
Parliamentary return— 5,822 " 77<ii343 ** '" 23,583,062. 

The Parliamentary return shews the ships to be owned by the several Provinces in following 
proportions : — 



Nova Scotia.^ 

New Brunswick 

guebec 
ntario. 

Totals 



No, of ' Tonnage 
Vessels, of do. 



S3 p. 
«4 

8 



ct. 



100 p. c. 



4SP. 
26 
20 
9 



ct. 



loop. ct. 



Value 
of do. 



43 P- 
36 
20 
II 



ct. 



100 p. ct. 



Men 

employed 

in do. 



52 p. 
»7 
23 
8 



ct. 



100 



Average 
tonnage. 

114 tons. 

243 " 
108 " 

«39 " 



133 tons. 



Men em- 
ployed to 
ea. 100 Ins. 

5S 
3'» 
S'S 
4-6 



4-8 



The following are summaries of the tables referred to :— 
Rbturn of Vessels Owned and Registered in the Dominion of Canada, on ist July, 1867. 

Province of Ontario. 



Description of Vessel. 



Steamers, Paddle 
Do. Screw . 

Barques 

Brigantines 

Schooners ,. 

Sloops 

Barges 

Scows 

Not Rigged . . .. 



Total 481 66959 



Total. 



No. 
41 
32 
«7 
»4 
352 

32 
10 
32 
61 



TonSc 
8572 
5433 
5384 
4'52 

3i3>3 
X033 
1121 

3594 
6357 



Occupation. 



Sea Going. 



No. Tons. 



125 



River or 
Lake. 



No. I Tons 
4' 8572 
5433 
5384 
4152 
31 188 
1033 
1121 



32 

>7 

14 

351 

?2 
10 
32 

61 



3594 
<'357 



135 480 66834 480J 66937 



Tradin/r. 



No. 

41 
32 
«7 
»4 
251 
22 
10 

32 
61 



Tons. 
8572 
5433 
5384 
4152 

31291 
»o33 
1121 
3594 
6357 



Fishing. 



No. Tons. 



Value. 



No. of 
Men 

em- 
ployed 



% 

838700 

396600 

197500 

140500 

1069800 

12300 

13000 

44900 

74500 



Province of New Brunswick. 



Steamers, Paddle 
Do Screw . 

Ships 

Barques 

Brigs 

Brigantines 

Schooners 

Sloops 

Wooidboats 



Total .. 



22 3479 

6 65 

90| 97467 



97 

>7 

loi 

369 

3 

131 



Steamers, Paddle. 
Do Screw . 

Ships 

Barques 

Brigs 

Brigantines 

Schooners 

Sloops 



Total. 



826 



II 

3 

49 
361 

97 

390 

227s 

3 

3087 



44252 

5333 

21979 

30961 

48 

7«93 

200777 



90 
97 

«7 

lOI 

279 

3 



588 



407 



97467 
44252 
5333 
21979 
18941 

30 



188399 



30 

6 



90 
I 

131 



238 



3072 
65 



3020 
38 

7 '93 



12378 



33 

6 

90 

97 

«7 

lOI 

361 

3 

131 



717 



3479 

65 

97467 

44252 

5333 
21979 

•8344 
30 

7«93 



108 
t 



3617 
I 



198133 109 



3645 



2787800 



338900 

3800 

3938010 

1350300 

J 59990 

574«2S 

476850 

600 

71930 



5*5 

yn 

»37 

148S 

8« 

319a 



212 

43 

1967 

I3l8 

171 

817 
i4tO' 

9 
3fa 



Province of Nova Scotia. 



«6S5 

311 

44988 

I 17290 

31668 

66019 

100952 

34 



6 

I 

49 
361 

97 

390 

227s 

3 



353917 3081 



1417 

44988 

I 17390 

31668 

66019 

100952 

34 



352646 



238 
33 



271 



II 

3 

49 
361 

97 

390 

668 

t 



1479 



»6S5J- 

311 . 



44988 
117290 
2166S 
66019 
50477 1607 
8 I 



302416 1608 



50475 
36 



50501 



5904505 



78070 

19130 

1329244 

3620880 

616590 

2068329 

2623239 

1440 



10256813 



6J07 



iia 
21 

XOC16 

'IS 

3037 

10877- 
5 



19388 



•A 






¥■ M 



i, 



1^' 



»^.:;^.li 
f^ 



*l- 



*Thts itstement of value ta ptolmbl; more exaet than the Cuatoma return. 



40 









ii 






ii, 



Ftnanctf and Trade. 



Rkturm of Vessels Owned and Registered in the Dominion of C3a^Aii.—{CoMiiHtt*d.) 

Frovincb op Qukbbc. 



Description of Vessel. 



Steamers, Paddle 
Do Screw . 

Ships 

Barques 

Brigs 

Brigintines 

Schooners 

Sloops 

Barges 

Scows 

Bateaux 

Not Rigged 



Total. 



Total. 



No. 

M7 

74 

as 

33 

3 
32 

575 
34 

338 
33 

129 
16 



Tons 
13403 
13849 

36157 

10118 

561 

5187 

37854 
'57 

34«37 
3346 
86: _ 
1819 



Occupation. 



Sea Going. 



No. 

I 

8 

as 

»9 
3 

39 
319 



Tons, 
789 

7337 
36157 

9368 
561 

4637 
M«73 



River or 
Lake. 



No 
146 
66 



3 
356 

3^S 
33 

139 
16 



Tons. 
13613 



750 



560 
33681 
257' 
34137 
3346 
8689 
1819 



Trading. 



No. 

147 

74 

as 

33 

3 
3a 

S.'O 
34 

338 
33 

139 

lb 



Fishing. 



Tons. 

1340a 

13849 

36157 

101 18 

S6i 

S187 

36133 

3571 

34»37 

3346 

8689 

1819 



No. 



4a 



1438,155690 304 630131134)9367813861153959 
Recapitulation—Dominion or Canada. 



Tons. 



1731 



Value. 



* 

1283400 

769140 

807330 

333390 

1377a 

•43797 

739894 

51430 

38447a 

33460 

86890 

18190 



No. of ' 

Men 

em- 
ployed 



i73« 463394s 



1688 
907 
S8a 
a94 

30 

234 
3590 

138 

1503 

"7 
436 

59 



Steamers, Paddle.. 
Do Screw. . 

Wps 

Barques 

Brigs 

Brigantines 

Sdwoners 

Sloops 

Bar^ 

Scows. 

Bateaux 

Woodboats 

Mot Rigged 



Total. 



164 

397 
117 

53 

3471 

61 

343 

65 

129 

121 

77 



37108 

18658 

168613 

'77044 
27563 

97337 

191080 

3686 

•JS2S3 

55<o 

8689 

7'93 
8176 



9 
c 

164 
377 
117 



3613 

7615 

168613 

170910 

37563 



530 92635 



2774 
4 



I34»9« 
54 



313 

105 

30 

«7 

697 

57 
348 

65 
139 

131 

77 



a4495 
"043 

6134 

47' a 
56889 
363a 
3Sas8 
5940 
8689 
7«93 
8176 



S8aa 776343(3974)604183 1848 173161 



Ontario 

Quebec 

New Brunswick. 
Nova Scotia.... 



43' 
1428 

836 
3087 



66959 
155600 
300777 
3Sa9«7 



304 

588 

308* 



63013 

188399 
3Sa646 



480 
112. 

33I 
6 



Total 5833 776343 3974 604183 (848 173161 4063 731444 1760 54899 33583063 37:35 



66834 

93678 

12378 

371 



331 

"4 
164 

397 

117 

537 

i7'3 

59 
348 

65 
139 

131 

77 



27108'. • 
18658;.. 
168613'.. 
177044'.. 
37563-. 
973371- • „ 
'36a35'758 
36^3 3 
35258 j- . 
5940, • • 
8689.- 
7'93'- 
8176 •■ 



4063731444 1763 



480 
1386 

717 
«479 



.66937 
'53959 
19813a 
303416 



4a 

109 

1608 



54845 
54 



2539070 
1188660 

4964474 
5491970 

78935a 
3936651 

4899783 
65760 
39747a 
6836a 
86890 
71930 
92690 



54899 23583063 



854> 



2535 

1394 

3555 

5039 
107 1 

4aas 

16365 

336 

«S55 

367 
436 
360 
3«7 



37315 



33 

1731 

2645 

50501 



3787800 

4633945 

5904505 

10256812 



Shipping ovmed and registered at the Ports of Amherst in the Province of Quebec, and Guys- 
borough aud Pugwash, in the Province of Nova Scotia, not included in the above, no returns having 
been received. 

The column of values (says Mr. Bouchette, the Comr. of Customs) represents but a mere rough 
9proximation, '^'- ' ' i-i-<- -• -•-- •— • .i-:-i. .t- 1 

deduced: but 
Aetr estimate 
■ best data at hand. 




FINANCE AND TRADE. 



The accounts of the Dominion and of the Provinces for the fltat year of the Union are not yet 
(Octo3>er) ready for publication. A great deal of time and thought have necessarily been given to the 
Ibnn ani the 8ubs>ance of these accounts, and, the proper methods of keeping tUem having now been 
arrived at. It Is to be hoped that in fUtnre years the balance sheets-tbose of the Provinces, at least— 
wUI be ready at an earlier period of the season. 

In our last Year Booh, pages S3 to 90, are to be found careftil and detailed exhibits of the finances 
•f all the Provinces composing the Union. We will here only reprint one of the tables; that which 
thews the '-dlnary revenue and expenditure of the Khoie, for the year before Confederation 
(UB54):- 



Ordiaa-y Bevenun , 

Ordinary Kxpendliure.. 



Ont. k Quebec. 



12,072,481 
11,957.(»3 



Nova S'otla. 



1,7.37,127 
1,920,434 



N. Brunswick. 



1,432.772 
1,349,701 



Total. 



13342jm 
19,227,188 



All we can now give, to compare with this, is the Revenue and Expenditure of the Dominion as 
•t present swertaincd. Moreover, In reading this it thould be borne in mtnd that It Is liable to sundry 
alterations In matters of detail. The PubMc Accounts, which are under the supervU ion of Mr. Auditor 



.390701 


SS3S 


88660 


1394 


>64474 


3555 


W«97«* 
r893S» 


5039 


1071 


a; 


4335 


1636s 


65760! 


336 


W 


1555 


367 


R6»<)0 


4a6 


71930 


360 


93690 


317 


583062 


37*15 


r878oo 


319a 


>3394S 


8548 


(0450s 


6307 


156813 


X9388 


18306a 


37*35 



JFSnofue and IVadf. 



4t 



Lugton, undergo evety year s very carcfOI Knitlnr. There Id no difficulty In m«klngout • ba'ance 
sheet a few dayi after the year closes (June SOtb), but for the proper checking of the acooants. asa'ns* 
cash, against authorised Parliamentary appropriations, Ac, there are three *K>oks, kept by dlflereat 
people, and these must all be brought into harmony before a definite statement can be made. Trans- 
fers of small sums (Nm one " service" to another may In this way somewhat alter a few of the figure* 
given below:— 



mivxinii. 

Or<iiiMrv iZeiWKHei. I c. 

Onstonu 8,647,334 3a 

KscUe 3,(KM,064 21 

Post Office 409.368 6ti 

Ocean Postage 00 136 23 

Public Works. 440,»73 18 

Dominion Steamers 23,964 64 

Territorial 29,251 fi6 

Casual 16,943 74 



Interest on Invettmenis. 144,232 62 Kova Scotia) 

Premiums and Discounts 13 230 00 Police 

Bank Imposts 14,030 69 

Law Fees (C. S. U. 0. cap. 12) 22,636 93 

Fines and ForOsltures 16,667 36 

Bill Stamp Duty. 119,839 91 



IXPINDITUBI. 

t c. 

Interest on Publio Debt 4,066,844 46 

Charges of Management 276 ii03 34 

Bsctaange 40^<>7 79 

Sinking Fund SM,2ii6 66 

Premium and Discount 37,l!i3 84 

Civil Qovernment 660,633 04 

A dmInUtrutlon of Jus Ice 307,771 73 

! Kdempt'on of Debt (Prov. Motes, 



Law Stamp Duty. L. 0, 

UpttM AevemM*. 

Law Fees, Upper Canada. 

Law Fees, Lower Canada. 

Quebec Blver Police (Tonnage duty). 

Do. Mjurlners Fund do 

Montreal do do 

Bmlgratinn and Quarantine (Paa> 



sengerduty). 
ad 81 



iteamboat Inspectors... 



46,880 97 

33.677 89 

6,863 02 

11,865 69 

10,938 80 

1.316 77 

31,002 63 

6,116 06 

19,664 61 

7.120 16 

64,074 » 

4,169 37 

27,9M 72 

2,113 23 

1,01000 

11,066 62 

-^- _ „, . 270 40 

Lighthouse Duty. 21.419 70 

Bulways. Nova Scotia. 248,660 16 

Do. NewBronswIck. ; 99.631 46 

Sandry Special Becelpts. 831 69 

Shipping and Beglstratlon Fees 138 84 

Post Office Savings Banks 83,786 16 



Hallway am 

Fisheries 

Cullers* Office 

Penltentlarles,Be(brmatories, kc. 

Hospitals and Charities 

Mllltla 

Light Houses and Cost Service 

Bducatlon, Kast (Quebec) 

Do. West (Ontario) , 

Tonnage Duty (N. Brunswick) 



esoooro 

gt886 36 
Penttenilarie*. Beformatorlei, Prison 

Inspectors, cc 213,889 07 

Legl latton fi08,]46 68 

Literary an 1 Scientific luititutlons.... 8,aoo 00 

Hospitals and Charities 23,3 3 76 

Oeoro^ical Survey 30.400 on 

MUltla I (33 447 67 



Arts. Ardcttltuie and Statistics.. 

Secret Service 

Bemoval to Ottawa. 

Kmlgratlon and Qnarantine... 

Pensions 

Selgnorial Commission 

Public Works and Buildings.., 

Bents and Bepalrs. 

Heads and Bridges. 



6/174 66 
50,000 00 
73 80 
60,727 37 
47,616 96 
126 80 
73.620 94 
76.913 19 
12,786 84 

Ocean and Blver Steam Service. 964,1 16 17 

Light Houses and Coast Service _. 180,273 91 

Fisheries. 36,226 63 

Callers' Office 70 6OO 00 

Rallivay and Steamboat Ins ectton... 10,343 00 
Board of Customs, Excise and Stampa 7,972 67 

Marine 18,000 09 

Miscellaneous. 60.199 31 

Province of Ontario, Subsidy account. 13 t.OOO 00 

Suobec Wiflaa 00 
ova Scotia 333,681 00 

Kew Brunswick 314,637 60 

OoUeeMoN </ Jtereniw. 

Chistoms 477.8KI 80 

Bxclie 42,9/9 H 

Post Office 646.448 46 

Public Work). 263.430 39 

Territorial 4,274 70 



•13.711.290 73 111,391,271 63 

To reduce these totals to the figures which represent the Ordinary Revenue and Kxpendltnra of 
the year, the following changes should be made :— 



RKTIMUC. 

Totatsflrom above #13.711,290.73 

Deduct-Post Office Savings Banks... 33,786.16 



BXPEMDITUBK. 

Totals firom above $11,394,371.83 

Deduct— Bedemptlon of Debt. 55.0u0.00 . 

11.339,371.63 
Add bal. of Subsidy Acoouots :— 

Ontario 1,066,87380 

Less Interest 342,178.00 



Quebec 499,232.80 

LeailnMresi 342.178.00 



834.6M40 



337.07440 



Ordinary Revenue 113,977.465.68 Ordinary Expenditure $12,421,041.10 

These figures, we again repeat, shou'd be considered merely as a close approximation to the 

corrected ones, which will appear when the Public Accounts, (not yet In the printer's handsj ai^ 

printed. 

The Province accounts we can only give as they were estimated for In the statements submitted 

to their Legislatures :— 



XamCATSD BITBMVl. 

Ontario $1,863,638.91 

Quebec* 1,833X13. 3 

New Brunswickt 433 332.74 

Nova SooUat 631,088.76 



SSnif AND BXnRDITVBB. 

Ontario $1.2«33ST.43 

Quebec* 1.39 ',933.33 

New Brunswickt 419.777.40 

Nova ScoUat 063,830.00 



$1,071,393.74 



$3,668,423.16 



• The eitlmate (Or 16 moatba U. Beranxie. $i,730.*°.01 ; Gxpenditaro, tt/lMilCO. (ipaeeh of Hon. 0. Oonldr^, 
M •Hi ft.) Two-thirds of those Kinount* sro Btvon In the text (or 1 3 month*' Bzpandltare snd Bavanoa. 



pigeS 



t Tear ending Ootober Slit, I8S8. t Year ending Deoembor 3Ut, IMS. 

These, be It remembered, are only estimates. And this must also be considered, that the Bevennet 
of the Provinces Include their subsidy accounts, which appear In the expenditure side of the Dominion 



\# 



"M 






v,)'^ 



II 



Mm 






IS'IW;'-, 



42 



Telegraphs. 



\ I 



■Utement, and should, therefore, be subtracted before an esttmateof t he Revenue or Expendltnra ai 
tiM Union for purposes of Oovernment Is formed. 

It may be worth recording that the estimated Ordinary Bevenue and Expenditure of the Dominion 
fbr the two yean— one Just past and the other Just commenced, were, (vide Ur. Bose's budget speech) :— 

BETIN^ri. XXPBNDITOU. 

IW7-8 914,695,000 1A67'8 „ tU,3Zl,30O 

18M-9. 1M14,000 1868-g 14,043,161 

The Funded Debt of the Dominion, on the 30th June, 1868. was as under:— 

On account of Quebec and Ontario $60,466,480 

On account of Nova Scotia 6.062,407 

On account of Mew Brunswick 0,037,487 

On Dominion account 2,100,000 



Total $73,606,374 

Since that date the Intercolonial Ballway loan hwi been negotiated, and the Insurance deposlta 
received. Operations In connection with the Debt aro thus being carried on to a considerable extent, 
and these figures wHl be materially altered in the course of a few months. The Floating Debt Is being 
reduced, and, no doubt, the Funded Debt will be Increased In proportion. 

The floating debt, on the 15th Apill,was|3,6QZ,299, less the bank balances of $1,893,028. 91,708,776; 
and the Provincial notes, in all the Provinces, (a constantly fluctuating amount,) represent now about 
$4/100,000 to be addded to the above. 

These figures are not very precise, they are not all of the same date, but they are the best that can 
now be given as representing the liabilities of the country at this time. 

For the progress of the Public Debt of the various Provinces, before the Union, see the Year Bookt 
of 1887 and 1868. 

If the figures we have been able to give respecting Finance are unsatlsfltctory, still more so wonld 
be those we could give respecting Trade. The latest published returns are those given from page !49 
to page 167 of our last Tear Booh; except In the case of New Brunswick, which gives us partial 
retonuforthesixmonthsbeforethe Union, whichltisofltttleuse to reprint. We will briefly state 
bers that the imports of theProvlaces, now comprising the Dominion, In the year before the Union 
were about $84,000,000, including about $6,000,000 of coin and bullion, and the exports ahont 
IS^OOO/IOQ, including $3,000,000 of specie. 



TELEGRAPHS. 



There are still five, and but five, Teiegraph Companies owning wires in the Dominion— 
alUiougb a sixth, the " Dominion Telegraph Company," is being organized. 

The tbllowinK table shews the mileage of posts and wire they own, the number of offices and 
instruments they nave, and the number of messages they send : — 



Length of Hne, miles. 
Miles of wire laid. . . . 

Offices open 

Instruments used. . . . 
Messages sent 

Coital of Co'y...... 

Dividend last year. ... 

Secretary of the Co'y. 



Montreal Tel. Co. 



In 
Q. AO, 



S.«67 
6,908 

348 

473 

518,811 



In 

N. B 



236 
236 

9 

10 

13,084 



In 

U. S 



789 

915 
81 
los 
4>.3a4 



#750,000 
10 per cent. 



New 
Bru'k 

Tel. 
Co'y. 



369 

693 

20 

38 

60,688 



32,240 
9p. c 



Jas. Dakers. 



R. T, 

Clinch 



Fc'ton 

&St. 

Johns 

T.Co, 



130 

130 

3 

„ 3 

18,620 



11,000 
7 PC. 



Nova 

Scotia 

Teleg'h 

ComV- 

* 



»i730 

1,980 

60 

65 
75000 



120,000 
5 p. c. 



N. Y., Nfld-, ft 
London Tel. Co.* 



InN.B. 



40 

40 

2 

2 

1,000 



In N. S. 
t 



237 
270 

9 

13 

10,000 



$40,000 



Total 
X867. 



8,698 

11,172 

532 

709 

724.527 



933.240 




• Sttimste baaed 6n last year's retoma. t No retuma this leaaon. j For detailaiaey«ar£aofc for 1868, page SS. 

The value of the telegraph property of the Dominion is proi>ably about $1,500,000, and in all 
British America $2,000,000. , . /■ „ 

The principal submarine cables of the Dommion hnes are located as follows :— 
Cables of the Mof*.reta TeUgrafih Company.— hx Dalhousie, N, B., * a mile ; at Samia, 7,920 
feet; Black Rock, 5,280 ; Prescott, 6,600 ; Carouge, 3,500; Montreal (Canal), 4,820 ; St. Johns, 300. 
Also two, now abandoned, at Bout de L'Isle, 3.690: and Sorel, 5,280. Of the Nova Scotia 
Company, across the Gulf of Canso(2), Cables also run (New York, Newfoundland and London Tele- 
graph Company) to Prince Edward Island, (nowdam^^d,) and to Newfoundland (a)— thence to 

Ireland- . . ~. ,t -i «• 

The first telegraph wire strung in the Dommion was put up by the Toronto, Hamilton, Niagara 
and St. 'Catherines Telegraph Comoany in 1847. 



1847 




i8jo 




1851 




i8s2 




1853 


181 


'8S4 


22s 


"855 


"1 


1856 


435 


'857 


65 


(8S« 


116 


1859 227 


It Willi 



lenditnra ot' 



Dominion— 


r offices and 


otal Total 


(67. 


1866. 




t 


1,698 


7."7 


1,17a 


9,040 


533 


497 


709 


S94 


.5*7 


6*o,7S7 


,»Ao 


.'... 


1888 


.Vfti. 


, an 


d inaU 



Hailways. 



RAILWAYS. 



43 



The importance of the railway interest in Canada may be estimated from the fact that the annual 
receipts of the railways are about equal to the annual revenue of the Dominion. But great though its 
present importance may be, it is but small compared to the future which unqueKtionnbly lies bclore it 
Wehaveasyet settled only the frontier of our country, and are only now building the Intercolonial 
Railroad which is to join Halifax with Quebec. But when the Ottawa valley is filled with settlers — 
Lake Nipissing as much alive witli steamboats as Lake Ontario — the north shores of Lakes Huron 
and Superior busy for a hundred miles inland with mining enterprizes— the Red River prairies 
covered with fields of golden com and waving grain — « hen countless herds of cattle graze on the 
buffalo plains of the Saskatchewan— and Briiish Columbia and Vancouver's Island have attained 
that industrial development which is certainly in store for them — then Canada will have fifty miles of 
railway for every one she now has. The Grand Trunk Railway will then want, in places, a 
quadruple track, and passengers landing at Halifax will cross the St. Lawrence by the Victoria 
Bridge, ascend the valley of the Ottawa, then up the Montreal river, strike the level plateau north of 
the great lakes, cross the Nor'- West plains^ surmount the gentle slope of the Rocky Mountains, and 
reach the Pacific shores— the whole by rail m about ten days time— or part by rail and part by water 
in about fifteen. Unless pestilences, famines, continual wars or other dire visitations weigh upon 
us with much more severity than has yet been experienced on this continent, this will happen in less 
than fifty years. 

We say this not vain gloriously, but that people abroad who read the words may know that 
though we are but young as yet, seeking indeed and accepting with gratitude assistance in our enter- 
prises, we are conscious of and confident in the vastness of our resources and the rapidity of their 
development. 

The article in our last Ytar Book mentions the leading ideas which led to the construction of 
each of our existing railways. To that, on this subject, we refer. 

We now present a table, shewing the number of miles of railroad built in Canada* each year : — 



y'r. 



1847 
1850 
185 1 
1852 
1853 
1854 
I8SS 
1856 
1857 
«8s8 
i8s9 



In 
Ontario. 



iSt 

m 

435 

6s 

ti6 
237 



Quebec. 



43 
la 
33 

««9 
30 

109 
83 



81 



New 
Bruns'k 



Nova 

Scotia. 



53 
40 
35 



3 
6 

«4 
70 



Total. 



43 

13 

33 

119 

ail 

334 
198 

44« 
>3a 
336 

343 



Y'r. 



i860 
1861 
1863 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 



In 
Ontario, 



5 

36 



1.407 



Quebec. 



4» 



35 



575 



New 
Bruns'k 



45 
33 



19 
II 



326 



Nova 
Scotia. 



S3 



«4S 



Total. 



90 
'3 
35 

loi 
II 



2.aS3 



It win be noticed that firom about 1853 to 1839 was the first railroad building era. It is also evident 
that we have now entered upon another, and we present the following approximate statement of the 
orojected roads either now in course of construction, or of which the construction canilot be long 
delayed. 

Ontario:— 

Bruce and Grey Counties Railway, abiut 100 miles. 

Hamilton and Port Dover Railway 40 " 

Toronto and Lake Nipissing line 100 " 

Canada Central Railway 350 " 

490 

Of these, the Hamilton and Port Dover line is partly built, and the first section of the Canada 
Central commenced. The locations of the other routes are not yet determined, but in a couple of 
years, at furthest, Bruce and Grey must have their railroad,' and some extension of the Northern will 
probably tend eastward towards Lake Nipissing in about five years. 

Qtiebtc:— 

Part of the Canada Central 50 miles. 

North Shore Railway from Quebec to Montreal 180 " 

Part of the Intercolonial Railway iS9 " 

Eastern Townships lines 5° " 

439 

The Intercolonial road is now about being placed under contract, and the Canada Central (fi'om 
Montreal to Ottawa) and the Eastern Townships lines, (to connect Montreal more directly with the 
Vermont roads,) though not yet located, must inevitably soon be built. The North Shore Railway 
has the most uncertain future, but cannot be excluded from the enumeration. 

• The miles "irorked"— in a tabsaqnont tiOdft— Include braoflhes of Cacadloa lines in tito United Ststei, sad 
Uffop, aoo rlingly. 






*("■ 



If 



^:'-M. 



Jr 


■ 




i 
f. 

1 


,i,-- ;m 


h 





Jl- 






44 



Railways. 






lf<' 



i^i 






%■ 'Ivf ' 



wm:\ 



The following are the chancteriatict and general features of the several railways, according to 
latest returns. The interested public can compare 1867 with 1866 by the aid of the figvres in the last 
YtarBeok, It should be remembered, in comparing the total t.affic here with that given in the next 
table, that the monthly receipts as here given are subject to correction upon Audit. The revised 
figures are given in the next table. 



Total cost of road & enuipmsnt.f 

Amount paid during the year for 

leases, dividends, int'st, &c ■ . > 

Miles open for tra£Sc— 1867. . • • 
Length of track, including si' 

dings, double track, &c 

No. of engines owned 

" ist class cars. 

" and " including 
baggaga & conductors' cars. 

No. of might cars 

" platform & timber cars 
" other cars, excluding 
hand-cars 



Total working expenditure. . 
16 Renewals of rails, ties, bridges, 
&c 



No. of passengers carried. . . . 

tons of fteight carried. . 
" " I mile 



O. W. R.» 



*4i877i4S4 
«i97*.3»3 



35ii 

4>ai 

r, 

93 

1,004 

a66 

ISO 



L. &P. 
St. Ry. 



1,031,850 



34} 

a8 
a 
3 

6 
■8 

«4 



Welland 

Ry. 



1,633,843 



7«S.7» 
36,433,013 

S8«,77» 
86,331,396 



Persons employed in working 
the line 

Persons killed by accident 
during the year 

Persons injured " " 

Total receipts t 

Date of statement 



1,778,884 
incL above 



».537 

«7 

«9 



4».7«4 
"aa,868 



36,443 
ind. above 



36 
I 



.None. 



3.758.978 4«.877 
Jan. 3i,*68!Dec. 3i,'67 



5 

3 






•1 
6 



39.063 
83.300 



66,756 
11,400 



Sa 



None. 
None. 



68,615 
Dec 3i.'67 



Northern 

Ky. 



3,500,000 

«5S.899 



97 

«9 
10 

3 



139,140 
4.788,384 

aia,470 
13.598.080 



33».86i 
99.566 



438 

5 
5 



561.370 
Dec. 31,^67 



Pt. Hope 

L. ftBT 

Ry. 



I.993.S3S 
55.465 



S8 

II 



34 
>39 



46,038 



«97.3»4 



«4«.356 
37,368 



>35 



None. 



T. *J3.476 
Dec.31,'67 



Cobourg 

P. &M. 

Ry. 



1 1,090,000 



33 

4 



3 
SO 
49 



S3» 

18,707 
375.»«o 



17,338 
3.500 



None. 



Dec. 3r,'67 



* The O. \f. II. has h treble rail throughout Ita length, which must bo ttJcaa into aoooont whta infntHtrtng ita 
working ezpcndituro, Ac. 

i Badaoad •SM.OOO by Act of Puliamsnt, w that the capital now itanda In die books as tBOfiOS. 



B. &0. 
Rail'y. 



$»>700,ooo 



86 

95 

7 

4 

3 

10 

X30 



5a»740 
53.566 



70,153 
10,87s 



to8 
None. 

3 



138,884 
Dc 31, '67 



St L. A O. 

RaU'y. 



a.008,994 



J4 

56 

7 

6 

7 
53 
3» 



48.756 



a7.3»5 



65.779 
49.»36 



179 

3 
a 



G. T. 
RaU'y.* 



84.a98.3a5 
1.353(548 



1.377 
•,5«S 

398 

«55 

333 

a.557 

1.307 

93 



«.4i7.44o 



1,016,874 



4.348.549 
685,190 



S.8a7 
49 
61 



to6,i8i 6,393,367 
Dc. 31, '67 Dec.3i,*67 



C.&.G 
R'y. 



99.114 

3.300 



Hi 

a 
3 

4 
a 

4 



50,000 



3,000 



9.404 



>3 

None. 
None. 



St. L. 
«iC.R'3 



13 

I3j 



Leased 
from 
Vt. 

Central. 



35,000 



30,000 



50.000 



70 



St. L, 

& 
tn. R'y 



55.300 



13 

la* 

3 

a 

3 
3 
9 



3.988 



3.047 



5 737 
«.467 



18 

None. 
None. 



«5.303 60,000 8,709 79,781 
D.31'67 estimate D.31'67 Dc. 31, '67 



N.B.AC 
RaU'y. (a) 

3,306,519 
3,950 



107 

119 

6 

3 

« 

41 

3 



<5.550 



56,306 
a.757.345 



53.506 
16,716 



119 
t 

None. 



Eur. A 

N. A. 

RY 



47477«3 



108 

no 

»4 

13 

6 

65 
10s 



144.366 



44.5«8 



86,907 
8,000 



134 

None. 
None. 



Nova 
Scotia 
RaU'y. 



6955178 



«9 
14 
<3 

.fa 
38 



166,356 



89,319 



356,530 



3«9 

4 
a 



167,335 353,994 ".9o6»ii6 
BczPbs Dc.3 V67 



Total (b) 



140403835 



>>793} 

JK 

391 
4>093 
a,536 

305 



3,897,383 



».44«.3o6 



7,330,133 



10,038 
8z 
9« 



« The tguiot giren at tho craital of the Urand Trunk do not include that of the leaied lines, a* toUows :— 
Atlantie A St. Lawrence tifinMOj Chioiao, Detroit A Canada O. T. Junction. •1,100,730: Montreal A Lake 
Ohamplain Bailroad, •1,417,6a i Bnflalo AI«ko Hnton RaUway, •8,000,78» | totd, •ie,M7.101 ; Add the flguiai 
above. •M,S»,Si5 ; shewing a total of •I0«,836,4W. 

(a) inclndes St. Stephen's branch, lo aeed, 19 miles, two engines^ 1 first daw. » second elasi, and 87 plattoni aan 
alsoloaeed. 

(b) This total Is the total of the flgnisagiTen, bat one of theretams is for the year ISM. [except as to traffic, 
which is in all oaaae for 1867] so that the totals may not agree with the official retains when these oome to be 
finished. Moreover, these tot^ do not ia sU casts exaotly tally with the totals of the monthly stat e me n ts above. 
Tho dliteraaoet are trifling. 



Railways. 



45 





1, according to 

vrcs in the last 

renin the next 

The revised 


ope CobourK 

Ba P. OC M* 

Ry. 


.535 1 1,090,000 
.465 


56 aa 

58 a4 

" 4 

c •■■•••■■*■ 


% % 


«39 SO 

4 49 


,038 333 

7.980 

,334 18,707 

37S.aio 


.156 »7.a38 
'.368 3,500 


«35 5» 

I I 
ic. None. 


i,VDec-3r.*67 


jBOoaaUnlngita 


Itia Total (b) 
I'y. 


5178 140403835 




(8| a',793J 
19 490 
14 J«« 
3 391 
S 4«3 
a a,5a6 
8 305 


356 3,897.383 


319 a,44t,306 




530 7.3ao,i33 




9 10,038 
4 8e 
a 91 


^ 11,906,116 


ea, M loUows :- 
ontresl * Lake 
Add the flgnrei 

^flattom osn 

leptaito tnffie, 
(heaeoometo bo 
•toments abOTe. 



N*v» Bnmiwtek!'- 

Part of the IntareolonitI road . . • • • 134 miles. 

The Western Extension , 88 " 

The Eastern Exteniion.... 36| " 

Fredericton Branch Railway aa} " 

"ssT 

Concerning the three latter of thaM. and two other short New Brunswick roads, Just completed, 
and included in our returns in th« flgursi of the New Brunswick and Canada Railway, we have been 
furnished by a kind and attentive trtini with t'te following merorandnm, which is correct :— 

I. The "Western Extension," from til* city of St. John to the frontier of the State of Maine 
(distance 88 miles), is being constructed by an Am< ' tn coinpany, the Government paying a subsidy 
(under an Act of the Local Legislatura passed W . .,^) of f 10,000 per mile, and taking stock in the 
Company to the extent of Imomo, The stock is all paid up. This road ia in a forward state, and 
is expected to be completedin the (Ul of 1869. 

3. The " Eastern Extension," between a point on the B. k N. American Railway, near Moncton, 
N.B., to the Nova Scotia bonndary Una (distance 16) miles, 33 miles of which disUnce-vis., that 
between Moncton and Dorchester— are nearly completed, the remaining part of the road being in a 
forward state), is being constructed by the English International Contract Company, who receive a 
Government eubsidy, under tha Act above referred to, of |io,ooo per mile, in addiuon to which subsidy 
the Government undertakes to pay, aU land damages in exceu of Vaoo per mile. It is estimated the 
Government will be called on to pay in excess of the sum named, about 1400,000. 

3. The "Woodstock Brancn Railway," connecting the dtir of Woodstock with the terminus of 
the New Brunswick and Canada Railway (distaaca is miles), is now running. It was built by the 
" Woodstock Railway Company," and reeeivsd » Govemmwat subsidy of 810,000 per mile. 

A. The "St. Stephen Branch Raihray," tapping the New Brunswick and Canada Railway, and 
running to the town of St. Stephen, on th« St. Croix River (18^ miles), is conq>leted. It was built 
by a local compsjiv, and received a Govemmant subsidy of |io,oao per mile. 

5. The " Fredericton Branch Railway," from the city of Fredericton to Hart'a Mills, upping the 
"Western Extension at this point (dlstanoa as| miles), is being constructed by a local company, 
whose stock is principally owned in rraderietoa. It receives a Government subsidy of |io,aoo per 
mile. 

Thus, the following are the suma whidi either have been paid, or will shortly be paid, by the 
Dominion, for the Local Govermnent, for railwaya in New Brunswick :— 

Subsidy to Western ExteasioB—M miles |88o,ooo 

Stock » 300,000 

Subeidy to Eastern Extension.,.. 365,000 

Estimated hmd damagee •••.... 400,000 

SubMdy to Woodstock Branch i. 130,000 

Subsidy to Fredericton Branch 335,000 

Subei^toSt. Stephen BrwMh. 185,000 



NMmSceHai^ 



l3.475.MO 



Part of the Intercolonial Railway. 
Windsor and Annapolis 
Cape Breton Railway. 



nterooionial Katlway > > • . • 70 

Windsor and Annapolis • 85 

~ " ,. • 30 



miles. 



J7S 



Of these 'the Windsor and Annapolis Una will be completed next year. It is being boilt by a 
private company, who receive half tha ostlmated cost of the fine u a bonus ftom Government. This 
amounts to ;Ci88,oao stg., besidss 43*>6m for the Windsor bridge, in all, £22o,(/k, or 81,103,000, 
Nova Scotia currency, which is being paid by tha Dominion, and added to the Nova Scotia debt. 

We preeent herewith a map, taken from th^ admirable Report of the Commissioner of Public 
Works, fust printed, shewing the Robinson ISoe, adopted for the Intercolonial Railway. 

Leaving now the future, we present the following tabta of the monthly traffic on the vatiouc rulways 
in operation, firom July, 1867 to July, 1868— a continuation of the tables in our last Vtar Book, which 
shew the monthly traine for Mveral years back i— 

Six months, from July to Dscember, 1867. 



Great Western Railway. • 
Grand Trunk Railway. . ■ 
London and P. Stanley R'y 

WellandRanway 

Northern Railway 

Port Hope, Lind. ft Beav'n 
Ry. and Peterboro Branch 
Cob., P'boro ft M'mora R^y 
Brockville and OtUwa R'y. 
St. Lawrence & Ottawa R'y 
Carillon and Grenville K'y< 
Stan., Sheff. & Cham. R'y 
St. Lawrence & Indust. R'y 
Nev Bruns. & Canada R'y. 
European & N. Amer. R'y 
No>-a Scotia Railway. ■ . . 



JttJy. 



% 

•4».8o9 

44«.75» 
S.73* 

B,jl7 

49,884 

30,776 

3*833 
11,056 

7.059 



Augast. 



|)6,6os 

600,799 

4.>79 

59,606 

30,763 

7.»SS 

I0,JI3 

9JI9 

3,115 



16,030 
>3>>93 



843.547 I. > 1 1.639 



976 

7.549 

>S.540 

»ai007 



Sept. 



• 

334.989 
603,63a 

.•,ai9 
13,460 
41,176 

3«.990 
S.J9a 

14.593 
8,639 
1,718 



9*3 

13,880 

a3.9«4 



1,106,040 



0<:tober. 



• 

355.448 

615.713 

5.94a 

14,067 

61,311 

3a-S24 

3.3«S 

«7.7S« 

.„9''9» 
Closed. 



1.300 

7.469 

»9,S46 

35,518 



1,169,196 



Nov. 



% 

380,359 

730,530 

3,64s 

".174 

50,667 

19,713 

1,278 

16,190 

13,416 

Closed. 



3,006 

9.38s 

15.465 

a3.S03 



1,366,330 



Dec. 

~r~ 

385,805 

480,946 

3,376 

3.056 

36,935 

Closed 

11,490 

9.6 1 1 

Closed 



Closed 

4.199 
14.366 
19,380 



865,719 



Tl.Jyr, 



• 

i.93S.9«» 

3.463.36a 

a7.o93 

47.748 

389,579 

i53.Saa 

a 1,073 

56,536 
6,133 



6,14s 

4».433 

94.7a7 

i37.S«S 

6,364.361 



k 



^:l 



A 



%. 






46 



Railways. 



it* 






Six months, from January to June, 1868. 



Grent Western Railway. . . 

Grand Trunk Railway 

London and P. Stanley R'y 

Welland Railway 

Northern Railway 

Port Hope, Lind. & Beav'n 
Ry. and Peterboro Branch 
Cob., P'boro & M 'mora R'y 
BrocKville and Ottawa R'y. 
St. L.-iWTence & Ottawa R'y 
Carillon and Grenville R'y. 
Stan., Sheff. & Cham. R'y. 
St. Lawrence & Indust. R'v 
New Bruns. & Canada R'y, 
Eurcpean & N. Amer. R'y 
Nova Scotia Railway. . . . 



Jan. 



$ 

4SS.370 

a,oii 

1,656 

27,690 

71637 

Closed. 

8,864 

9,65a 

Closed. 



Closed. 

a,7«3 

»i.45« 

«4.9«7 

858,156 



February 



a4Ji"*S 

505.83' 

1.673 

a, 180 

3 « 1987 

Cloaed. 

6.094 

10,401 

Cloaed. 



Cloaed. 

4.75« 
8,618 

11,965 



833,688 



March. 



t 

364,267 

5o».oS» 
1,96a 

4.347 
a6,8i6 

Cloaed. 

8.3a9 

10,878 

Closed. 



Cloaed. 

6,580 

10,868 

17,108 



861,40a 



April. 



$ 

34".5»8 

S8a,S75 

a. 343 

3,933 

471840 

13,366 

Closed. 

9,619 

11,333 

Closed. 



Closed. 

9.37 « 
10,461 

18,533 



».049.S8o 



Slay. 



t 

360,131 

646,834 

3.643 

'0.794 

74>67» 

»7,»73 
3.867 
«6,5S7 
10,363 
. 838 



r,393 
11,099 

«4,873 
33.118 



1,305,344 



June, 



t 

»47»333 

509.973 

3.354 

S.8«« 

59,130 

33.«4» 
1,535 

«».459 

7»«03 

754 



1,064 

9,367 

16,337 

37,064 



T1.4yr. 



1,774,738 

3,303.536 

«4»784 

87,731 

a68.i35 



94,536 

5,39' 

71,933 

59.5»9 
«.S9* 



»,357 

43.78« 

7»,598 

113,764 



944«<>5l S,75a<35S 



table shewing the souices, whether passenger, freight or maila, whence the 
lewas derived. It will be noted that almost all onr railways are /rtighimg 



We also present a 

twelve months' revenue 

roada— the receipts from freight being 60 per cent, of the whole. 



Table ahewing the principal sources of the railway revenue of 1867-8, and the comparative eamingi 
in that and the previous year :— 



f • • • • • • 



O. W. R. 
O.T.R. 
L.AP. S. R.. 

W. R 

N.R 

P. H., L. & B. R. 
C.P.ftM. R.... 

B. ft O.R 

St.L.&0. R.... 

C.&G.R 

S.S. &C. R 

St L.ftLR 

N. B.ftCR.... 
E. ft N. A. R. . . . 
N. S. R 



Miles 
worked, 
1866^7. 



345 

«.377 

*S 

as 



54 

la 



la 
W 

108 
93 



a.378 



MUea 
worked, 
1867*8. 



349} 
«i377 
>5 

97 
56 
33 
86 
54 



la 
>4S 



M75l 



Pasaeng'rs 



1.504,400 

at3>9>>77 
I7,«<»6 

11,980 

138.707 

37.740 

374 

43^558 

6>.6l6 

«.i»65 



»3i8»o 

69.809 

113,610 



4t35<*S03 



Maila 

and 

Sundries, 



♦ 

« 74.567 
365,150 

1,805 
13.305 

»4.489 
3,978 



7.953 
lo^aaj 

357 



8.131 

8,400 



5«6,7M 



Freight, 



3.031,683 

4.07«.s6i 

93,966 

5«,«84 

394.508 

307,340 

36,091 

103,001 

44.** 

403 



5.9" 
2i>l99 
89»S95 
ia8,a69 



7,a4$,4aa 



Toul 
1867-8. 



3.710.650 

6,665,888 

4».8»7 

75.469 

»S4.5«5 

116,045 

7.7*5 



8,90a 

86,814 

i67.3"S 
350.379 



13,116,711 



Total 
1866-7. 



3-a65.456 
6»6of.aii 

^^ 
531.44' 
195.776 



««7>998 
?.099 
I.3IO 



!6,73» 
•07.965 



11,46^7 



■ I 
becanae it haa reftranct to the tart aa 



Tbe following atatement ia preaanted here— not ao mudt 
bacause it auits the typographical arranr;ement.o(4fae pagea. 

STA-nHBNT ahewing the amount expended in the ooDatructiiin efPuUie Woritalnthe Froiiiieial. 
Government, and the expenditnra from other than Government frmda, in Quebec and Ontario before 
the recent Union : — 



Railways ,. 

Provincial Vesaela 

Public Buildinn > 

Roada and Bridna 

Slidaa. Dama, Piers and Booms 

Lighthouaes, Beacona and Buoys. . . . 

Harbors and Piers 

Canals and Improvements on Rivers. 



Ontario. 



Government 
Expenditure. 



i3.»65,907 
174.638 

5.M«.873 

3.370.SSI 

597.869 

541.300 

84 6 ,640 

11,783,043 



35,631,810 



Other thto 
Government 
Expenditure. 



80,331,058 
79,3a8 



8,500 
4.4»9.665 



Quebec. 



Government 
Expenditure. 



7.098.895 
»'4.6a« 
4,034,688 
3.«7;.563 
748.783 
«,»44.69i 
i,3aa,840 

6,886,703 



84,838,451 34.588,789 37.336.301 



Other tiaa 
Government 
Expendtinre. 



36,177.359 , 

6O|00o 
936»»7$ 



43i5M 



le. TLiyr. 





i 


3*2 


«.774.738 


973 


3,203.536 


"54 


»4f784 


8ii 

IJO 


37,731 
368. I3S 


U* 


94.53* 


525 


5.39a 


459 


T«.9»» 


103 


S9.5>9 


7S4 


>.59a 


064 


».357 


267 


43.7'»« 


337 


7».S98 


064 


113,764 


v»« 




185 


5.7S>.3SS 



», whence the 
re frtigkling 



ative eaniugi 



650 
8U 

MS 

HS 

r»s 



(03 

»4 

•79 



il 



Total 
1866-7. 



I 



OOf^tll 

S3«.443 
195,776 



"7.99* 

9J«*99 

0i3>o 



•.7|» 

rStTW 

»S^P7« 

••7.9»5 



ii,46M77 



to the tot a> 

haPKHrincial 
intario before 



Other titan 
jovemmmt 
txpendtinre. 



36i>77>359 
79.««« 

60,000 

93^<7S 



43iSa9 



37.336.30x 



Railways. 




^MUaStO SAUTAX TU TO lORAnDZAilOAD. 

■wSdntoeptoBfiSMM.",""*""!!.* if 

■kVUvktothemealhoCtheKalABtdU. ...... 4 



i« 



IMlMmMoMUDSSS: 



^S^^:SSSS!S: 



qunaoio 



*»^j^ 



Mto Dm* to laibant 

lallianllo CkMkMn , 

|Mt&Mite ittfclbMto 

■jMBlNeto to lli«4ll«« 



na»««leRaUflHi 



JTOMI MOnflk 



TU nn miuoovATA mad. 



met 



'Ml 



*« 
-I* 



4rai.«9hiaii«An«oUi(«R»tafftk.a.,) 7*m\wrm,mrkmAVk •WmAWJmiKi ^jSk 



tl-. 
a! 



'iS' 



m;- 



48 



Criminal Sta/t'sfics, 



pi- 



V::% 



STATISTICS OF PENAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE DOMINION 

OF CANADA. 



SaftmnatortM, 



(By K. A Mekidith, M, A., LL.D., Ac, Ac.) 
Thcra are thraa claiMt of Penal InaU utloiut tn Canada:-!. Penltenllartea. 
9. Oomaoii OaoU, 

We aball take theaa claieei In the order abore given. 

PBNITINTIABII8. 

Then an at praasnt In tbe Dominion of Canada three Penal Ine Itntlone, known at Penltentlarlea 
nunelr, at Klngaton (Ontario), Uallfax (Nova Scotia), and St. John (New Bmnawlok.) 

Altbongh known by the Mme name, the latUr two Initltutlou ara eiaentlally diflteront ftom the 
•nt named. 

The Pealtentlarr of Klngiton reoelTes thoae f onvleu only whoie lentenoa of Imprlionment li for 
two rears or npwarde. The ao-calted Penitentiaries at Halllhz and Bt John, on the contrarr. reoelTO 
all classes of prisoners, Incladlns even vsfrants. Any comparison, the-efore, maie between the two 
latter Instltntlons and that at Kingston conld only mUlaad. We tiMi«r«re omit altoffethsr b)>i« tlM 
alitlstlcsor the Penitentiaries at Hallfttx and St John. 

PlOTIMOIAL PlNITUITUBT. KmonOM, OMTAUO. 

This lasUtntlon was estabtUhed In the year U35. 

From that d&te to the present time. It hu served as a plao* of eoLflnement for all convlets, whose 
tcaunoeof Imprisonment Is not lew than tuo years. Item both the Provinces of Upper and Lower 
danada, now known as the Provinces of Ontario and Qaebeo. 

The British North America Act provides (see section 141), that until the Parliament of Canada 
otherwise provides, this Instltntlon shall contlnne to be the Penitentiary of Ontario and Qnebto. 

The sabjolned tables give the principal atatlstlcal fscts relative to the Instltntlon. fh>m the 
organiaatltn of the late Board of Inspectors to the close of VUSi :— 

Tabu shswlng ths Movement of Convicts In the Provlnclsl PenltentlaT. ftam the 1st January, 18M, 

to the 1st January. 1868. 



Tear. 


Bcmalnlng at 
Itt January. 


Received dur- 
ing the year. 


Total. 


Discharged 
during the year 


Deaths. 


Re- 
main's 
atSlsi 

Dec. 


♦Mo. of 
Recom- 




Males. 


FemaV- 


Males. 


Fcma'i 


Males. 


Fema's 


Males. 


Fema's 




■ MB 


716 
733 
711 

&!(( 
70* 
7W 
C67 
7W 
7M 


62 
6rt 
73 
7H 
61 
64 
63 
06 
61 


ZM 
arM 
v«> 

VCl 
278 
147 
2.9 
246 
277 


32 
34 
33 
16 
30 
33 
21 
34 
31 


1,014 
1,039 
1,012 
1.007 
1,070 
993 
1.005 
1.044 
1.113 


1B» 
208 
216 
186 
IH« 
203 
193 
192 
19} 


14 
27 
19 
39 
3) 
19 
28 
18 
15 


32 
18 
13 
» 
S2 
40 
10 
18 
12 




801 
784 
764 
765 
838 
729 
774 
815 
887 


33 


I«0. 

mi - 

i«X 

loOSa* ••••••■• 

ISM 


29 

SO 
37 
SI 
31 


laM - 

DAA, „„„ 

W67 


28 
18 
39 



In commenting on this table, which la taken tnm the report of the Board of Inspectors for the 
year 1867, tlio Inspectors obtervo :— 

" It will be seen that the number of convicts has flnctuated very considerably during the nine 
" year* embraced In the table : and It Is not perhaiii eas> » deduce any general conclusion from It as 
"to the progress or diminution of serious crime in the country dnrlog that period. The year 1864 is 
" chargeable with the l<>weHt number of admissions of male convicts, 147!; nearly 60 per cent, less than 
" that of tbo preceding year, and about 4 per cent, less than that «f the succeeding year. This ^tra- 
" ordinary an'i exceptional diminution in the number of odmlssiosM to the Penitentiary, waS no doubt 
" owin ; mainly to the fhct that a largo proportion of those who ka the ordinary course of events would 
"have found their vay Into the Penitentiary in that year, had In one way or another cone to swaU 
" the ranks of the armies then fitting tu the neighboring Sutes. Again, the comparatively larga 
" number of admissions of malo convtctt In tite last three years, indicates, doubtless, the return to 
" thli country of a remnant of tbone whe left ttln 1863 and 1864. 

" lu atiaitlon to tbess Canada has, no doabt, received in the last three years her shore of the mass 
" of rufflans flrom the neighboring Bepublic, whom the cessation of hostilities there threw upon the 
" couutry otterly without occupation, and who, (Tom their former habits and wild military lifb, were 
" only too ready to enter upon a career of crlms. The name cause hSS beenf jund very largely to swell 
" the nuQjbcr of criminal* la the United States for th^ test two or three years. 

"The adm salons during the past year are, it wtii be observed, greater than that of any former 
" year, bijt it must be! recoUccted that during that year no less than- 29 prisoners were sent to the 
" Penitentiary as Implicated in the Fenian raids made upon this country from the States. These 
"prisoners should not .bo placed in the category of o^lna^y oriminalii, and may fdlrly be excluded 



• Thli ^trea thi nnmbcr of rrlsoiKTS rsoclTod (lartQ? tho y«»r wlio haVe oadeigona ptarloui impriaonment in Um 
litenlistiy. Uoms of thara hsTc baaa impriioned thras, (out or fi v« tlmas. 



IflS'Nfik* 



te- 


•Mo. of 


tec. 


Recom- 






^H-^f^^mm 


801 


33 


784 


39 


7M 


SO 


7M 


37 


828 


31 


729 


21 


774 


38 


Dtft 


18 


887 


39 



oton for tlw 



oment in the 



Crminai Statistics. 



4f 



" whtn eonildrrlaf (bo queitlon m to the growth or dlmlnltlon of crime In Canada. Miking thMj 
" dcUuclloui lilt' juroi gl v( n In itio table may fairly bo a,)pcalca to •• tcnUIng to show that criiuct 
" of o lerloui kind aro not on tho Incrcoic In (ho country, when cuntldcred relatively to the l:icrcaM of 
" popolatlon of tho country. Unt I, however, the next ceniui ihall bavo been taken (In 1371) It wi:i 
" not bo poeilblo to pronoucca poelllvely whether crimo or population ho* proportionally Incrcoeed 
" more rapidly In Cana 'a." 

Tabu thowlng tho AdmlMloni, DUchargee. and Deaths In the HoiplUI of the Provincial Peniten- 
tiary for vacti year from tho Ut January, lttS8, te Itt January, 18M.* 



Tear. 



1809... 
I8«0... 
IMI... 
1883.. 
1863., 
IMI.. 
IMS.. 

l(i«7.. 



18S8. 

I-W)., 
1801, 
H03. 
liiOS.. 
MM. 
IM-t. 
I.HAA. 
1867. 



InHonpUal 








n4>malnln» 


lit Jaay. 


Admitted. 


Died. 


Dlicharged 


3UtDcc. 


38 


014 


21 


639 


33 


23 


713 


•A 


m 


34 


34 


000 


20 


033 


10 


20 


475 


IS 


003 


17 


17 


000 


37 


030 


44 


4i 


1,183 


.14 


1,137 


04 


47 


1.201 


42 


1,203 


Al 


01 


1,074 


10 


M74 


01 


47 
40 


1,177 
1,083 


19 


1,104 
1,083 


41 


31 



Total Ko. 

>f convict* 

In 
Punilontry 
31st D?c. 



778 
801 
781 
764 
703 
833 
729 
774 
813 
807 



In reference to this table t!io In^poctort obiervc:— "It U noticeable that notwithitanding tho 
" prevalence of Typhus fjver In tho Institution for tbo last three years, the average of deaths was lower 
" In that p:>rlod than l.-i the throo years which preceded the outbreak of that fOrmldoblo diseos?, 1861, 
" 1863, and 1803, an 1 It Is a'so gratliyihg to Ond that tho deaths bear a much lower proportion to tha 
" admissions during tho lost throe roars than previously " 
Table shewing tUo number cf convl:ti admlttod Into tho Provincial Penitentiary for the lat* 

ProTlnocfof U. per Canada and Lower Canada, (now Ontario and Quebec) respectively fbr each 

yea', from the 1st January, 1839, to tho 1st January, 1868:— 



Tear. 



Upper Canada. 


Lower Canada. 


:» 


an 


167 


68 


134 


87 


160 


TS 


20! 


97 


130 


46 


301 


70 


186 


79 


3iW 


79 



ToUl for both 
ProTlnoe)>. 



306 

330 
331 
SS8 
399 
106 
3TS 
360 
396 



The British North America Act, 1807, places the establishment, maintenance, and management of 
Penitentiaries under tbo exclusive legislative authority of the Parliament of Canada. 

In tho Ia»t Session of the Parllamont of Canada an Act (31 Vic, Cap. 73,) was passed In reftorenca 

to PcnUcntlarles.t 



• flMsaavsl rapoTtot Bowd of Impani nn for 1867. 

f'The FmlteBtlsnr Act of IBMT VTlc., csp. 7S),beltigaT«y impoTt«atm«Miir«, waiabJoinMiaiulytlaef Ui 
It ptotUss thai thoO«Tom'>» ' — . .^— ^ . .. - 



mij appoint S Dtreetnit to hare chuiro of all Pmlteotlart • and raoh ottin 



rrUoos, noepltAUandI>rliona,aattao(}». tn C. may appoint, aad to bo ratponilblo for th:ir diiolplUio and manage 
mmt. Ona «.! thsm to bo chainMBi, imI ono other or another narMm to bo Morcta- y. Two arc n qaor.un. In ease of 

Dtioiymi" ■- •" '^ 



U a r^BMMiHT, rctpaotlug a renltontioiy mattar, whan only two ore prM:nt„ tha Wanlaa H 
. I »i aaa nr aaro Juttlcaa of tho Peaco^for alljUjaaaaj haTlng. JorUdlctlon In criminal mattan 
rawsaadrQ * " 



a dtflaranea of opinion at 

t.>daeidobiitweantham. ^ .. 

only. Thay may make nuaa aadrognlatlona roapeodng the dntlas of th»iiacen and tho dlsolpllno waA managemaBt 
nt Uio Inatimtlona undartlMlr ehargo, aa'jjoot to tho approval of tho O. in C. Thsy must audit tho aoaaants,examina 
into monqr tnouaetlonik and ozact a ctatomont monttuy nn4ar oath from the Wudan and Acooantaat. They may 
eato* Into and lemala lit so kog as th^ deem fit, and havo aooeai to erary part of tho Inatltnthnu under their ohvn^ 
luTaatlgato the eoadnet of any offloar or other panon therein, and anmmon witnaaaea and czamlno thorn nndar 
I ath, and imprlion for oonlempt tkoaj letnstng to appear and answer. The aala: iea of tho Dtreeton ahall be Snj} 
^caeh. TheKhwaton,Bt.J«hB(:f.B.),andnaUfUil'WiiteBttariaaarodi lared tobsranltentlartaaotCanada. Any 
' tract of land in«y, br iroolamatlnn tf tho O. In C, bs created a ranUmiuuy. Any Tohiolo or watar etaft and wharf 
for their aceommodatlon belonging to tho Penitentiary or uaodtn Itseenrloa form a part of it. Any ihorenghfaie 
aoroeiwbleh priaonaiamaitpaaa tothatr work iaalso partof the Poniteatlaiy. n to Directors ra^ ontheriao tlw 
Warden to rotiatmeta tramway batweea parts of the Fenltontiary. A shariil, daput ', or bailia may eonv«y a pcta> 
onor to a Penitanttary, and tha Warden may reoelva and keep him without further warrant than a oertlAed copy «< ■ 
hia aentcnea. If aprisanir is removed from ono Panitontiary to another, cr from »- prison cr gaol, thaetBoer eaall 
also bring to tho Warden a e.rtiflo.'.tefrom thosurgoon of tho ptaeo whence ha is omovod, connteraigned l^tlw 
Wa den or^hoirifl, that prisoner hss no putrid orlnfoetious dbeaaoand ia fit to bo moTod. The Oaver=cr, to 
wan-iuit signed by tho Seomtaiy of State, may order such removal. Tho aherlS , or other officer employed In removal 
of np:i*o er, has all tho authority of aheriilreapoetlngsuehprlaoaerln any yftrt of tho Uomi "ion through whlah ha 
{niaea. t. ummuutlon 1 1 aont. noo ef death lias tho samo ofCeot as tho eontcnoo of a Court, when notified to tho hhaiiC 
ly a .'Jecratary of Stotoa'latte', and luch a letter to the Warden la enlBoiiint authority for him. A prlaooer eeeaplag 



while being oonvsysd to tha Penitentiary is guilty of f elonv, and being roe^^tared may have f yrs. added to hia ae«> 
(ones. .It iwaseape or tiT to escape from his gniM while as labonr, or going or rotammg,' 
besides loss of any remlssMs under regnlMioBS. 



. ..homayhavM Syis adAs^' 

^ _^ hraalrlngprkan or ont ef esU, or making a btcaeh with t>« 

tanttoeaeape, lyr.aadletsof rsobsions. AaassHlngau otfser ensas loss of ramlasloBs and legal ponishmeat fuo 
an sggravated asaiUlt. Beseolng or attempUntt to reseao a prisoner, or f omithlag iaiplemonta, 4kr., forth < purpesB, 
itfehmy. Keepsm or other eOsanallewiiijrnrisoaers to esaapo through oiMlaasaessaragnilty of misdeBaaMoric* 
doing iw wttlbigly. ef Hkmf. IMngiagi or oUewiBv to be brooghl to pris .aen, any lotton, tpmts, toboeeo, or other 
things wrohlbltod by the rtgalatlona. a miad 'mnnor, paniahablo by a flno net exo3din7 • i*>, or tmprisaaaent nek 
8 mas. The UaakjOovamor ot» Proviaea may order ajavanilq oCoadar eoofiaed In a Bstormstory Prl- 

itbvy for tha remafaidar of his term, and tha WardsB a< 



gCB, aadtlMrs faaa4 iaassrigihliak to be removed to a Pi 



#'i 



^i. 



Wi: 



m 



n 



I 
% 



M 



w\'m 



! l'!»^i:; 



Criminal Statistics. 



This Act repeals all Acts relating to Penitentiaries prevloiulr In (brce In any of the ProTlnces of 
the Dominion. It authorizes the Governor General to appoint three Directors,* to have the control 
and management of all the Penitentiaries of the Iromlnion. 

This Act contains certain Important provisions, dlfllerent flrom tboie hitherto In (toce In the Peni- 
tentiaries of the Dominion. 

The following are the most Important new provisions :— 

1. Every convict must undergo at the commencement of his imprlionment % certain amount of 
■eparate confinement. 

3. Convicts are to be classified according to their conduct and Industry in the PenitentiAry, by 
means of the ' Marli' system. 

3. Convicts can, under certain regulations, earn a remission of certain portions of their sentence. 

4. The Governor General has, in efibct^ authority to employ certain classes of oon-ric s tn public 
woiks. (See sections U and 19.) 

BBF0BHAT0BII8. 

Tbero ai« only two Befbrmatory Prisons, o: prisons fbr JUTenlle oflhnders, in the Alominton. One 
4t Penetangulshcne, on Lake Huron, in the Province of Ontario, and the other at St. Vincent de Paol, 
Mar Montreal, in the Province of Quebec. 

Both of the above prisons are used fbr male prisoners exclusively. 

The Provincial Act estab' Ishlng Befonnatery Prisons (22 Ylo. cap. 107) anthoriies the conflnesieat 
therr!a Oi any prisoners not over 21 years of age at the time of trial. Upon the recommendation 
of tLe Board of Inspecters, the Government requested the Judges not to sentence to the Befbm- 
•toiy Prisona any persons over 17 years of age at the time of trial. 

The length of sentence is not less than six months, or more tlian five years. 



saahjriNBbMaSharUPs powers for Us nmorol. 



A ooavkt In a FenltaatUrr who appean to be under IS yrs. of 
^. .. . — , ^- . *... -L — _^.^ Ooavktsawto 

otk«riiMi«Mtty, 

, , . . voikoaBnndass, 

Orisnnss, Chiod Friday, aal Tait or ThankiclTliig d«ja pfooUimedby the Oorenor, nor Bomu Cotholioa ol 
•bllgitoiTholUmottMlrdnuoh. An eMmplaryeoaviettBaf be permUtad to work emr tionts, andrMalTe pay 
BMBtfer bia work, to bakaatfor Umot handadiirar to hlafaiaUy, oa ha daalraa. Conviota are oon&nad in aa] 
eaUa, eaoapt whao amployad or alok. The Dlnoton nay ara# np ragnlatbma for 'Jbn aUel(ltaa aad 



MBTlela, ana of which ahaU aa^oiaa tha Oilant syatam on them. A liafeof priaanof(aii«a«aIiallbadmwaapforth«te 
Ko oorpoial paniahinant or rsmaad to tha panal piiaoB ahaU take plaaa nntU. tba Waatai 
^_ .. „ '•^— '"laahaaehallbotBttota*. Tha OoracBorupointatlM 



iaf ormatton and warning, 

kastakaaaridaaoa npen oath aonoamlni it. ao moi« inaa ov taaaaaaaaii eo laaiotaa. xaa uoracBor uboi 

trardan, Dapntr Wardan. rhmlalna, 8ai|reoa, and Aeeonntaat far aaeh FaaltantiaiyijiaA an AzaUtaol. Tha INiMt- 



ibeond 



MomoivthaaM 

, and .4jficinwiitant Tw aaoh "Tnltfiitlarr,- — ^ — - 

indaoband r iw o mr af d thatr raaaaval. Tha Dii'Utui.ijpoint *WHfTif. 
ialktroD,anddapaty,aadao aaaa^tradaia^paatota andkaapaiaaaBuvhare- 

, ly •fthem tUlthanazkoMaUagof iha JMzaotort. The Wanlan agpolnta tho 

«ap.'atflit. matron and elerk, and io many foaida aadothar a^rranta aa tha Diraetars augr MUtorin, andhamw 
•oapand or diamiia tham, nportiag tia tha Dinetoia. Pay may be aaspandad whlla oflloer Is lonendM. 
Maea not emaadhig I menth'a-yajF^ aMy ba impoaad. for ntgltgt of dnty. The Warden, aubjeet to tM lain 
and ragnlatinni. Is tba ehtaf anenttTa olBoar. and ia (aapoaatbla (or tha admlidsiraUon e< tha aBtlV W 
tha tenitanttary. A eoaviai whose smtanea hOs aspliei aifaU not be dlsehosad white aafleriag fioii| ao 
tnfee.tioaa or dangacena dlamoi, no*, wlthoat hia own oonaaDt, from tha 1st of NoTambcr to tha lat of 
AacU AftarlatAprilonaperdi^wilyis to bediwhariad natil all arofraa. They ate to have a anit of elathaa 
•ther than ^nonolotha^ and momtyanongh to take tham te the ploaawhsMthay ware aantaaead. and asnmnot 
lading tie baaidas. If aaantaaeaaipiraaon gnnday.tha eenTlet may be diaehiggad ongataidajr.nnlamhapra- 
t»a>iytUIM«nay. Artkdaatakanfmmhlmony-ajohjg teahaUbawatorad,nnlaaihahMte&adthaa>t»be 
4lspaaad«r, wImo thatt value la ao roitoied. ThaQoranu^any LIant.-a6Tamar,ormaaibe)r ettha PtC. or of the 
.BzeontlTa Council of a PioTlnea, any member of either Houta •( Barllaw^. «r •( tha Iioeal liSgidirtniai.aBy 
Jndgaaf anyCanrtef BaaewL and any Q. p.. may vlott a Peaitantiary at any tlma^ bat n«> other poraon, assent by 
mwnlarinn of tha Warden, an4 nniar wtalattona nUoa by the dtteotMk Any peeieo trtap— ilng in the builfflnga, 
«r«nthapsemlns,liUabbtoapaaaMyol tld,er ef tUior a saeend ojnnee. AnlnMattlatobehaldenall eon- 
vtatsanpAiad to havwdtad from other than erdhMErcaoiaa^ and theaordn*iHiititrjren|tvanfraaa«o«aa to th« 
Vtan. Tha b odlaa«ifeaavletadyihg,n nl aaaelalBwabyfrlwiaa,*MtfteBnnteMlnspeeterer>«i f ma er ofanatewy. 
>maalaaonvlgtaa»>tobek»p>eaaJada«4i^aH,yd«rtha aH i *g e6tthei«ite»>nafliinaleefitoa^ 
nkawhworicaathaDiiaetaeiitaajroKUr. Tha Was&n ahaH jHe aaettriOr tnlM<lt Aaeenntant $«.(ieO, atemfciAw 
«a,oa«,anafltawaHtl,<IIWi K«d|ifrtarLoMear,«raar^t,«han^ aooWMtev or teW t a i t i S to a eantraat with iit 
yialtantin^, nndar a Moal^ «l 
eaUlng. TnaCI. inaucetM.! 
warden to gat from $1 .we to tlyl 

BmtTi' rmrittr li TtrtTl t" ^1" rf ~* f~ trt*~r* ._ 

wwpar^fca aemptfr Mnalltawa. fa oMawt dlf^faneaa tetwawtlha wesdeh aadthaae havliig dgltnga wiAhim. 
Sagrauy.hyeenawtof tbedinalaeaaaphe patty eouflanPML Krfee the <uat«K te M^ttrttlen. Iho warden akaU 
■iaawveaeempIataaeteCthaiweitewadansnaetlBghii ia J Kntfa h to laSi&n^ and for that parpoee,attd for 
nlrtM^gaInhan^reT^>h^n^ritn^Jsff^'tfnl^,f'lr'Vfl^lH^^^^lrt^ t%^ "^ ^ ^f'^fl»t^ t^A fifty oopleaot every sneh 
■jpihitedbyordaroftMgeqsa. ypyMjilihijlmnnrAanAorWiainWaatofapenitanM^ with- 

leavaot ^ha wordw, nnder apwailty of jix AjWPaMrts.4Mtt<iMLlB V/''^ ornmeated Uanon orlobaeeo, 
eMq^nnaatt^-*rt8niMiana.eMWtWthawMd^^ attytM eqnatnoM in aPeniten- 

tkuyferthaeeUteiyoinfiMaawk of ■rlaoMra^uttg. a portlonof thaU tetliiof i^^isoameat. Araoord ia k<pt 
of ernqrecnvkt^seondastb If It beewgetMroMmdvytM vwyttM nttni^lienof liotmonthanftvedaraiaa 
aaenthotldaBaatsnee. If alefc.h»miyhaa)lowaaiHa»vaBjrni«rfh fat eitw»»Wy oonduat. Beekwood iaylum 
and all land atteehadto tt ia deelawd tobepiu* of Kjjgatonganltantlary, and tSadUewemhave the aame fo«er 
eirer Itaaovarthatlaatltntian. Any ei>nvtttia|wrtad insane by thasaqtaen of thePenaentiarytethe wardan, nny. 
If tha madlaalsofailntwdaBt el tha eayinM. afk» eenanUatlon, eoaenn tetl^gpintoa, be temoved thither It he 
neoverbaftwaenliyof hisaaateaea^haahwbaratnxaadto tkaPanitantlott' uhlsteanenitoe whilehelslnthr 
■g lMa ^shrilbek^thewi,theieawnof dat enfi o n b^Uigno^iKlto ^MBseiqttary of BtOto^d Warden. If he 



the muffpiiirw and mftrfiniisi betolff 



ovorlnti _ 
'ho Hiieea. moat e n ael e e ae 
Id^wnlnaschedaletotheAat. The 
■ " Ihel 



lenntroetsAtelnhlaname. TheMr> 
M.,MitlnUseuatodyaadett«._ flneh 



rbeeeataaaMMb themadtoal snpivh^tanniitt 
Mm to ha given r p to a pMaea naaaad in a HaeMtaiy 



OovetaerappoUtte the I 
' endtheaapsvlnteoaini 

^we.an^anehaUowaaaa 

other oflleaH^ 

• These Diteeton sis 7. X. Vma^l^., 
M.Ziaaiant, XontnoL 



dtaeetote appobit tha atamrd, and the anai 
dont te to be from f I JM to ii,«oe. end an* 
■nathaaaloriaaof the other oflleeHbM. 




MB AllOa 4Cn WBSOBB AIS SlBOOTwRTfl sB9 u^'^VRlOf HOIKS Onlflf 

'ewarraat. 31ke A. In Ctimta eider e'hereonvtcta to be 

aqparlntenieat end aiiHiiniw» and the oeoenntant i the 

"~ eflleani andserronti. Thssslofy of thean^erinten- 

andUghti iTthe a. in t). may aUow< The O. In f. 

iMhtee i T. J. a ireiU, B^., Vaseato I end Dr. r S. TUsf> 



I m the Penl- 

[n amonnt of 

litenUAry.by 

lelr sentence. 
[G 8 In public 



e conflnesieBt 

•ommendatlon 

the BefinB- 



Criminal Statistics. 



51 



The tables hereafter given are taken ftvm the annual report of the Board of Inspectors :— 

BxrOBMATOBT FOB UPPEB CANADA (NOW «NTABIO.) 


• Year. 


Eem'g 

on 
UtJan. 


Recel'd 
during 
the Yr. 


Total. 


Dlsc^h'd 


Died 


Year. 


Rem'g 

on 
IstJan. 


Recel'c 

iturtns 
the Yr. 


Total. 


DiBch'C 


Died. 


18J9 


« 
40 
68 
94 

1 


44 

40 
44 
32 


44 

£0 
110 
126 


4 

9 

16 

27 



1 




!l863 

1864 

1865 


99 

97 

134 

IM 


38 
t% 
66 
54 


137 
155 
20.) 
208 


39 
21 
46 
36 


1 





I860 


IfiAl 


ISM 


1S66 







•The Befonnatoif wm MtablUhed in tUa Twur. 



Befobmatobt roB Loweb Canada (now Quebec). 



Year. 


Bem'g 

on 
IstJan 


Recel'd 
during 
the Yr. 


Total. 


Dlsch'd 


Died. 


Year. 


Rem'g 

on 
UtJan 


Recel'd 
•luring 
the Yr. 


Total. 


DliCh'i; 


Died. 


1859 


58 
51 
47 
26 


32 
21 
15 
42 


60 
72 
62 

68 


29 
29 
86 
U 








1663..... 


57 
63(a) 

81 


23 


79 


16 





iftfi 


1(>;'4 




1841 


1865 


24 
48 


lUI 
129 


lf> 


1 


Itl42 


I860 












(a) The dettraetton by flro of tha neionaatory FriaoD Baoorda prarented Um wMcdea fiam ii^piyiiig th* ' 
flgaras rSqolMd t<» compMe thti table. 

Iffi This inoladea I aaoapa. 



OOimON GAOLS. 

There are noitattotteaiUpMinc the Oommon Oaols of any of the Pruvlncea of the Dominion 
prior to 1859, when the late Board of Inapacton of Aiylums and Prtoona for tha Province of Oaiuda 
waa organised. 

From the annnal reports of that Board are complied the statlatlcal tables hereinafter given 
r^spectln; the Oommon Gaols of the Province* of Vppiar Canada and Lower Canada, now Ontario and 
Queb^. 

ITo statistical infbrmation can be rapplied respecting the Common Gaols of either of the Proviniet 
of Nova Scotia or New Brunswick, no regular prison returns being printad in atther Province. 

STATunire relating to the Oommon Gaols In the Province of Ontario, flrom 18S9 to I860. 





Prisoners. 




Prisoners 
oommttted 

for 
Ist time. 


lit 

112 
130 
103 
101 
118 
160 
153 


II 


H 


1 


I t 


Y.ar. 


Over 16 yitars. 


Under 16 years. 


It 




Hen. 


Wom'n 


Boys. 


Girls. 


1859 

IMOm 


Not 

aN« 

S794 
4373 
4175 
3963 
4133 
44*4 


given. 
1999 
1581 
1950 
2237 
1985 
1913 
1952 


2ai 

£35 
291 
27» 
311 
390 
SIM 


99 
57 
72 
103 
103 
90 
77 


6586 
6370 
5671 
6687 
6788 
6361 
V<Si 
6777 


5038 
4304 
2614 
8510 
4453 
4093 
3423 
47«9 


••• 

7 
14 
21 
26 
33 
21 
13 


Ubioo 

546 00 
858 00 
1026 60 
693 00 
32S2 39 
2304 20 


•75-65 00 
78604 00 


1S61„ 


72334 00 


|o*a 


79471 00 


18(3 


73781 17 


1864 


81 134 OD 


isAf 


81067 21 




g?4iU 7ft 













No returns respecting tvA% are given In the annual report of Board of Inipectoni for 1867, the gaols 
being placed under the control of the Legislature «f Ontario by the Brltlah |fprth American Act, 
from the 1st July, 1867. 



Statkkent relating to the Common Gaols In the Province of Quebec. fh>m 1869 to 1866, 



Year. 



1859 

1860 

1861 

1882. 

1164 

1865 

1866. M..M 



Prisoners. 



Over 16 years. 



Men. Wom'n 



Not 
2370 
3332 
4106 
30S6 
3571 
83SS 



given 
1733 
1693 
3000 

2145 
3741 
1610 
1505 



Under 16 years. 



Boys. Girls. 



236 
144 
147 
126 
257 
373 
878 



59 
33 
25 
43 
83 
64 
73 



"I 



4515 
4398 
5201 
62n 
6300 
6655 
7198 
7238 




2324 
1861 
3142 
2S84 
3445 
SI63 
3399 
3163 



8?3 



80 
84 

83 
84 
78 
74 
101 



14 

32 
30 
43 

SB 
21 
33 



P 



•4937 00 
4371 00 
3473 00 
3626 00 
4118 58 
3279 40 
1941 11 
2441 43 



n 



»42490QO 
44264 00 
45071 00 
61236 00 
51790 70 
53820 00 
59005 45 
64438 41 



No tstorn^ respecting gaols are given In t'le Annual Beport of the Board of Inspectors fbr 1867, the 
gaojs being placed under the control of the Iieglalatnre of the Province of Quebec by the British North 
America Act tnm the Ist July, 18*7. 



' ^''i^! 






t 







i 






^'■.!<li 



'"^.- 



62 



Lunatic Asylums — Ontario. 



\i 



5 i^ 



'?■ 



Ir.' 






LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 



(Bj K. A. M EBBDiTn. Esq., L.L.D., Ottawa.) 



Ortabio.* 

Thara are at preaant fonr Asylums in this Province :— l.Tho Provincial Lanalle Asylum atToronto 
wltb Its temporary Branch Asylum In the Unlvcralty Park. 2. Maiden Asylum, near Aiahertabais. 
3 OrllUa Asylum, on Like Stmcoe. 4. Bockwood Criminal Lunatic Asylum, at Kingston. 

In January, 1841, the old Juiltn the centre of the City of Tcronto was fl'ted up, and openal aa a 
tempo.-ar^ Lunatic Asylum. This was the first Asylum cstah'lshed In Upper Canada. In the coum 
of a few years, two other buildings In the same city were occupied as Branch Asylums. The building 
known tut the Provincial Asylum was commenced in 184.1, and in January, 1830, 2 11 patients wera trana< 
ferrod to it from the three temporary establishments above mentioned. This Asylum was soon >'jund 
Inidf quatc for the growing demands upon It ; and the Provincial Ouvemment, in 1856, in order to pro- 
T^de additional occommodatloa for Lunatlcti, appropriated a large vacant cut stone building in tba 
University Park, originally Intended for a college, fitted It up as a temporary Asylum, and tronsfo red 
to It some 60 or 70 patients from the main building. The bulldlug has ever since be:n used as a 
temporary A jylu i:, under the somewhat slnffular title of " The University Brar^ch Asylum." It is im- 
mediately connected with the Provincial Asylum, and under the charge of Its Medical Superintendent? 
The building Is about two miles distant from the Provincial Asylum. As two largo wings ore now 
being added to the main Asylum, which, when completed, will provide accoiamodatlon for all ibo 
patients now in this Branch, it is pr Jbable that the latter will, ere long, be abandoned, and the patients 
transferred tnm It to the mala Asylum. The main Asylum is a plain substantial building of white brick, 
It is well planned a:id well built. Two detached hospitals of th) psme material as the main building have 
recently been erected. The two wings In progress of erection are also of white brick. They have been 
very carefiiUy planned with a view to ventilation and othersanltary considerations. There are aboutSO 
acres of land attached to the Asylum. 

JToMm AtylMM. 

This institution was first established *n 1899 as a Branch of the Provincial Lunatic Asylum. In 1861 
It >raa created a quart independent Asylum, and set apart for the reception of lunatics team 
the six nearest counties in the western part of Upper Canada. It bad flrom the first a resident Medical 
:iuperintendent. The building was orlgiaally a Military Barrack ; the greater part of it is of wood. 
There are about 72 acres of land belonging to the Asylum. 

OriHia Aiyhun. 

This institution was, in 1861, established es a Branch of the Provincial Asylum at Toronto. It baa 
continued to serve aa such up to the present time. Ii has, however, a resident Medical Superintendent. 
The building was Intended for a taotaL It is of orlck, and is pleasantly situated on Lake Conchiching. 
The ground is, however, very low, and the quantity of land connected with the Asylum, about alz 
acres, la absurdly small. 

Bochaood CHmiiial ImnalUe Aiyhtm. 
In 18SS a temporary Asylum was organised In the Provincial Penitentiary for the caro and treat- 
ment of male convicts becoming insane during their imprisonment. The portion of the Penitentiary 
buildings mada to serve as a temporary Aisylum was but ill adapted fbr the purpose. A temporary 
Asylum for female lunatic convicts, and dangerous female lunatics, was also established about the inma 
timeat Bockwood, near the Penitentiary. IalS57an3i twas passed authorizing the erection oearthe 
Penitentiary of a "Criminal Lunatic Asylum." (t) for the receptloi not only of lunatic convicts, bat 
of other lunatics dangerous to bo at large. The bullJlngs for the Asylum were commenced at Bock- 
wood, near Kingston Penitentiary, in September, I8S9, and in March, 1865, were sufficiently fkr advanced 
(0 allow of the transfer to them of all the male patleol s, about 70, ftora the temporary Asylum in tho Peni- 
tentiary. In the beginning af 1867 all the lunatics flrom the Female Temporary Asylum, about 90, wera 
also transferred to tha Bockwood building. Th4 removal of the male patients from the temporary 
Asylum In the Penitentiary to the commodloui and elevated new bulldlhg, was attenicd with a very 
marked and gratifying improvement In the sanitary condition, both of patients and attendants. The 
Asylnm Is an imposing and massive stone bulidiog. The situation is very elevated and healthy. It 
stunds at a distance of a few hundred yards ft'om the shon of Lako Ontario, and commands extensive 
views over the lake and the surrounding country. The subjoined tables show the movements of the 
patients In the Provincial Asylum and i< :ho Bockwood Asylum, since tho year 1S59, and In the 
Maiden and OriUla Asylums since the first (.atabUstaroent of those Institutions respectively :— 



• Tlie infonnatioa rMpeottag tha Asylniu in OaUrio and Qoebae Is waipUad fMn th* pabUibed Nports c< the 
Bowtd of Iiupwiton of Aiyloms and Prisons. 

t Tin title U nnfottiinato. nih0aldhaT«boMeaUadaa"AsylBatforIiaaaUsCrimlnalB." AotelnallaaaUa 
ka eODttadlotloii la torma. 



Lunatic Asylums — Quebec. 



53 



m." Itusin- 



Pbotikoiai. Lvnatio ABTtUM AKD UiiiTBUiTT Bbanoh, Tobonto.— Estsbllsbecl 1841 ; buildinc 
erected 1S:0.— Medical Sapcrlntendent, Dr. Joseph Workman ; Aulstant, Dr. Benjamin Workman 



Tear. 



1899.. 
1860„ 
1881.. 
1863.. 
1863.. 
1864.. 
1869.. 

.6<K>,. 

1£57.. 



Bcmaiotng 

on lit 

January. 



478 

rso 

413 

407 
414 
458 
472 
467 
473 



Beceivei 

duilng the 

year. 



129 
18.1 
204 

m 

168 

136 

M 

64 

109 



Tout. 



603 
669 

617 
684 

682 
994 
668 
931 
981 



Dis- 
charged* 



89 
69 
<i\ 

73 
87 

nt 

74i 

36 

491 



Died. 



38 
86 
42 
26 
39 
8.5 
27 
23 
29 



Transferred to 



Maiden Orlllta. 



46 
49 
23 



44 

76 
13 
10 

""i 

6 



* lUt dow not inelude thoM ramoTtd to biaaoh Aaylunu. 1 1 alopameDt ineludtd. 
1 1 dopoMnl I nd n dad. 1 1 •lopoMnt iaelodcd. 



BooxwooD LvMATio AsTira.— Eitabllsbcd 1869.— Medical Superintendent, Dr. J. P. Litchfield. 



Tear. 



1699. 
I86->. 
1861. 
1862. 



Bemain- 
Ins on Ist 
January, 



88 
87 
8^ 



Becelved 

during 

the year. 



32 
29 
24 
16 
23 



ToUl. 



117 
108 
112 
103 
110 



Dts- 

chg'o 



24 
12 
14 
9 
8 



Died 



10 
8 

11 
7 
4 



Tear. 



1864. 
1869, 
l<6A. 
1367. 



Bemain 
Ing on ist 
January. 



98 
99 
116 
131 



Becetved 

during 

the year. 



24 
89 
39 
31 



Total. 



122 
10 
191 
162 



DlB- 

chg'd 



16 
13 
1.' 
14 



Died. 



11 
3 

7 
9 



Kaldbn Lunatic Astlum.— Established 1899.— Medical Superintendent, Dr. An-lrew Fisher. 



Tear. 



Bemain- 
ing on Ist 
January. 



1899... 
186a.. 
1861... 
1862... 
1863... 



144 

179 
:^3 



Beceived 

during 

tho year. 



146 
49 
29 
34 
31 



Total. 



189 
308 
236 
249 



Dis- 

chg'd 



6 


7 
14 



Died. 



2 
4 
6 
11 
9 



Tear. 



1864. 
1869, 
1866. 
1867. 



Bemain- 
Ing on Ist 
January. 



227 
239 
232 
Not 



B<!ceived 

(luring 

the year. 



31 

21 

23 

published 



Total. 



258 
2S6 
899 



DIs- 

chgV 



7 

14* 
Mt 



Died. 



16 

10 

6 



• Ihl- 



. i olopamaita. t Tliii indudM I elopaiiMnt. 



Obilua Lumatio Astlvm.— Established 1861.— Medical Superintendent, Dr. Ardagh. 



Tear. 



1861 

1862. 

1863. 

1864 



Bemain- 
lug on 1st 
January 



49 
133 
132 



Beceived 

during 

the year. 



49 
83 
16 
16 



Total. 



Dis- 
cbg'd 



128 
139 
148 



Died. 



2 
4 

10 



Tear. 



1865, 
18C6. 
1867. 



Bemain- 
Ing on 1st 
January 



129 
121 

Not 



Beceived 

during 

the year. 



6 

10 

published 



Total. 



Dis- 
chg'd 



139 
131 



Died. 



PBOTIKCBOr QUBBBa 

Then are two Lunatic Asylums in this Province, one at Beauport, four milufrom Quebec, and the 
other at St Johns, about 29 mUes from Montreal. The former Is much the larger, more important and 
older institution. It is, however, not a public institution, but • proprietory establishment to which 
the Government sends patients on paying certain stipulated rates, at present $2.79 per week, to Include 
all charges of maintenance. The Beauport Asylum consists of two largo handsome stone buildings, 
one of which was built within the last four years. The situation cf the Asylum is airy and healthttil, 
and the grounds attached are comparatively extensive, being abont 100 acres, partly wooded, and 
partly cultivated land. 

E'.- John* AiylMim. ^ 

Th is Asylum is a mere make-shift. It was formerly a Coart House and was hurriedly com erted into 
a temporary Asylum, on the occurrence of the Trent diffleulty in 1861, when the barracks at St. Johns, 
«hich were then being fitted up, and all but ready for tho reception of patients, were unfortunately 
t^qntrcd far military purposes. It Is in simost every particular unsulted for an Asylum for tho insane 
The buiUings are partly of brick and partly frame, and stand in the centre of the village. 

Thcro are only abont two acres of land belonging to the Asylum. 

Tho subloined tables shew the movcmcnU of patlento in tUo Beauport Asylum, since 1850, and tite 
St, Johns Asylum sinoo Us establishment :— 



u 



\t-i- 



i 



jj. 






1 "5.11 



64 



Lunatic Asylums — New Brunswick^ &*c. 



BiAVPOBT LcN VTio AsYLVM.— Besldeot Physician, Dr. John Vf. Plcknp. 



Remain- Be-jetved 
tngonis! ilurlng 
Ji>nuary. iho ycftr. 




Total. 



486 

4S0 
486 
674 



•hg'd 

3I» 
39 
23 
25 
30 



Died. 



39 
00 
28 
26 
42 



Year. 



,'864. 
1S65. 
ISCB, 
1867. 



Reman 
Ing o!; 1st 
January 



M2 

Not 
M7 

Not 



Received 

during 

the year 



155 
given. 

133 
published 



Total. 



637 
710 



Dls- 
chg'd 



52 
55 



Died. 



49 
53 



St. Johns Lunatic AarhVit, Province of Quebec— Medical Superintendent. Dr. Henry Howard- 



Tear. 



1861.. 
16A2.. 
1663.. 

1864- 



Remain- 
ing on ist 
January. 



57 

61 



Received 

during 

the year. 



48 
84 
35 
15 



Total 



48 
78 
82 
76 



Dl«- 

chgV 



2 
17 
11 

8 



Died 



Tear. 



1865. 
1866. 
1867. 



Rcmnin 
Ing on 1st 
January. 



64 
77 
Not 



Received 

during 

the year. 



39 

29 

published 



Totol. 



103 
106 



Dls- 

chg'd 



13 
18 



Died. 



13! 



K>w Bbtwswiok. 



There is bnt one Lunatic Asylum in tu.:^ Province ; It was established in 1848. The Asylum is* 
handsome brick building covered with cement, well planned and well built: it stands on anelovated, 
healttofliland beautJAil sitoation on the St. John's river, commanding extensive views on every slii. 
It is about a mile distant flrom the OHy of St, John's, on the opposite side of the river. There are aboiit 
79 acres of land attached to the Asylum. The subjoined tabular statements taken from the report foir 
1867, of the Superintendent of the Institution, gives the movements of patients from its opening to iSftt 

PxoTiNOiAi. Lunatic Astlum, N. B.— Medical Superintendent, Dr. John WaddelL 





1^- 
111 


If 


ii 


SISOHAROKn. 1 


i 
s 


h 


« 


Ten. 


1^ 


a. 


1^ 


4 


1 


Kit 


1848 




92 

48 

59 

67 

88 

93 

108 

101 

81 

77 

87 

79 

87 

81 

115 

103 

102 

96 

no 

114 


92 
139 
151 
163 
187 
224 
235 
232 
224 
227 
236 
234 
241 
243 
283 
281 
288 
296 
304 
311 




1.:; 






1 
11 

3 
16 
16 
33 
36 
30 
19 
24 
26 
21 
16 
23 
19 
16 
29 
27 
21 
28 


91 
92 
96 
99 

12> 
131 
143 
150 
149 
155 
154 
163 
168 
178 
186 
200 
194 
197 
212 




1849 


91 
93 
96 
99 

1S3 
127 
131 
143 
ISO 
149 
155 
154 
162 
168 
178 

:«i 

309 
194 
197 


30 
34 

31 
30 
53 
43 
47 
28 
28 
87 
29 
37 
31 
54 
67 
36 
61 
54 
37 




3 

3 

8 

8 

IS 

25 

16 

13 

15 

10 

18 

19 

16 

22 

9 

17 

16 

19 

25 


3 
5 
2 
1 
8 
5 
2 
6 
A 


30 
53 
48 
89 
75 
78 
69 
55 
54 
55 
59 
63 
53 
86 
79 
59 
75 
86 
71 


94 


l»aOL 

1851 


10 
7 
5 
5 


94 
104 


I8SJ. 

IKKSa* ■••••■• 

1864 ... 


117 
129 
133 


18S5i •• 

1856. 

18W 


4 

9 
6 
8 
8 
5 
3 
4 
3 
4 
6 
8 
7 


149 
150 
151 


l»5g 


154' 




' 4 
3 
3 

t 

3 
S 
3 


161 ' 


I86a 

1861 


160. 

172' 


1862. 


174 


1863. 

1864 


182 
, 194JU 


1865. 

1866. 

lOOT* ■••••••• 


, 197, 

ao7X 










Nc 


IVA SCOTL 


A. 













There is but one Lunatic Asylum in Nova Scotia. It is called " The Provincial Hospital for the In- 
sane." The Hospital was established in 1809. The building is a large brick building ; the plan anil 
Internal arrangements are excellent. The sitnatlon* of the Asylum at Dartmouth, on the Haliflu 
harbor, opposite to the Olty of Halifax, is clevs^el and aiiy, commanding extensive and beautldtl land 
and sea views. There ore about 85 acres of land attached to the institution. In 1887 an Assistant Hedt- 
cal Offlcerwas appointed on the application of the Medical Superintendent. The sut|)oln«d tables ai^ 
taken flrom the Annual Beport of the Medical Superintendent fortho year 1867 :— 



• This •dminbla slu wu ketoottd by KiM. D. Ii. Dlx, tht ominattt Amarlotn phil a n t hr opist. 



Pkovw 


Table 1 


:3 


ASi 


tH 






11 


1859 


39 


1860 


32 


1861 


38 


1862 


3J 


186:; 


30 


1864 


Zi 


1865 


24 


1«66 


21 


1867 


23 


T". 


263 




he Aaytamia* 
mftneloratsA, 
ia ever; sl4#. 
here are abotjt 
the report M 
penlog to Mi 



Ital for the la- 
the plan anil 
the BaUfiuc 
beautlflil land 
BUtantHedt- 
Mi tables ai^ 



Lunatic Asylums — Nova Scotia. 



&5 



PBOVuictvL HospiT \i. FonTHE iNgiiKK.— Hedlcsl Superlnten lent, Jaa. B. DeWolf, M. D , E Unbnrgti>| 
L. R., C. S S. ; Assistant Medical Officer. Boht. W. McKeagney, M. D. 

Table l.-Sbowln? the Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, with the Mean Annual Mortalttjr, andj 
proportion of Kccoverles per cent, of the Admissions for each year, since the opening of the 
Hospital. 



1859 
1860 
1861 

1863 
1863 
1864 

i<m 

1866 
1867 



ASMITTaS. 



)I*F 

70 
63 
60 
43 
47 
46 
46 
42 
43 



nisoEABOisn. 



Becover'd i Believed 



H*F 

U 
H 
23 
21 1 



MtF 

3 
2 
6 
2 
6 
3 
7 
1(> 



Not im- 
prove 



Mar 

1 

3 



Died. 



H r MaF 



X', 263 197 460 10172 178 28 10 43 14 3 17 33 25 S8 Meanof nine years 893 40.3139.6 5 4 4.fl 






M*F 

65 
95 
117 
130 
142 
154 



157 
16t» 






ISO 81 74 



MaF 

42 
70 
100 
121 
132 
161 
155 
1B3 
167 



ml sions. g,(,g„^_ ^ 



K 

2-J.5 
25.0 
.16,8 
38,7 
56.7 
34.8 
SOO 
47.6 
48.0 



F 

9.7 
19.3 
40.9 
751 
29.4 
43.4 



M*F 

15.7 
22.2 
38.3 
48.8 
46.8 
39.1 



72,7 C'.« 
33,3 40.5 
30 44.0 



8.8 
6.6 

7,1 

5.tl 

11.1 

1.2 

4.6 



2.8 
14. 
1.9 
1.6 
8.4 
6.7 
4.1 
1.2 



Tal>:e 3.— Showing tlie Adnlsslons, Be-admlssions, Discharges, and Deaths, from the opening of I 
Hospital to the present date December 3l8t, 1867. 



Persons admitted during the period of nine years. 
Be-admissions 



Total of cases admitted 

Bocovered ; 

Believed 

Not Improved 

Died 

Total discharged and died during the nine years... 

Bomainlng December Slat, 1867. 

Average nvmbeni resident daring the nine yea'S. 



DISCHABOBD OB BRMOVED. 



Males. Females. Total. 



lOl 
28 
It 
33 



72 

3 
25 



173 
43 
17 

58 



ADHITTED. 



Males. 



240 
23 



.- 263 



64 



Females 



183 
14 



197 



115 



82 



66 



Total. 



423 
37 



460 



291 



1G» 



122 



Pbbtalbnck of •Insanity in Canada. 

There would seem to be a somewhat general Impression prevailing In Canada* that native Caiia4 
dlans are more subject to Insanity than persons fl-om the " old country." Of the many Interestlog 
questions connected with the suhJect of insanity, there Is none which comes more home to us than thai 
of the fteqnency o>' jirevoleiice of this fearfhl malady amongst our people. Ve Uave, therefore, mndi 
satisfttctton In submitting afresh the reassuring remarts on this question of Dr. Joseph Workmani tba 
Medical Superintendent of the Toronto Asylnm, an able and experienced Alienist and Statistician. Inl 
his printed report for 1864, that officer adduces statistics which conclusively establish the erroneoiii4 
ness of the general opinion on this Important subject. He gives a summary of the ITational orlgli 
of nearly 1000 patients admitted Into the Toronto Asylum In 1864, and the five preceding years. 



Nativities of 995 patients admitted in six years, uv Ji 1859 to 1864 incloslve. 



Years. 



1859. 

U60. 

1861 

1862. 

1863.. — 
m 

Per cent 
do do 



T «1and. 



51 
64 
79 
66 
63 
60 



3J3 



.15 49 
13 70 



Canada. 



23 
38 
5.1 
61 
54 
35 






26 73 
64 70 



Scotland. 



21 
34 
H 
34 
22 
24 



149 



II 97 
707 



England. 



16 

33 
25 
29 
21 
17 



143 



14 37 

8 18 



IT. States. 



9 
9 

a 

2 
« 

6 



43 



432 



All others. 



6 
8 
10 
6 
9 
4 



41 



4 12 



Total. 



125 
186 i 

204 i 
177 \ 
1«B 
ISt 



995 



In 995 
in 1.396.091 



*' The lo west line," observes Dr. Workman, "shows the relative percentage of the fonr chief nationally 
ties in the whole population of tUe Province which according to the censns of 186(MI1, was 1,396,091, 
the following being the actual numbers, viz :~ 

* By Canada U meant here, the late Frorlnoo of Canada, eomprlirng the ProTineei of Ontario and Qnabeo. 



.IS 



:3i»*' 







66 



Lunatic Asylums^ <9*c. 



f: .4 



II- 



Of Iriih birth 
■' Ensllsh " • 
" Scotch " 



or Cuukdtan birth 



01 all other 



101^1 
IUJ90 

M.7W 

4M,313 
<02.87« 

I,S0T.193 
88,899 



1.896 091 
" The tables of nativities of the patients admitted In the last six years, shows that the three nation 
■Utles, Irish, English and Scotch, with an aggregate of 404,313, in the popniatlon of the Provlnoe. have 
sent In (MS patients, whilst the Canadian Nationality, amounting to 902,879. has sent in only MO ; In 
other words a part of the ProTlncial popniatlon, f qnal to 39 |ier cent, has contributed to the Asylum 
population nearly 67 per cent., whilst another pwrt, th«^ native Canadian, equal to nearly 69 per cent. In 
the Provincial population, has contributed only about 27 per cent, to tho Asylum population. If the 
native Canadian popuIatl<^n sent in patients In the same proportion as the Irish, English and Scotoh 
together, they wo*-' J ''■ave fhrnishcd 1141 Instead of 266. But talcing into consideration the fhct that 
tlM popnlatic|n of >ign birth is almost altogether, or nearly, of adult age, and that the native 
Oanadianlnoludes a under adult age, the proportion of which is about 40 per cent, in the whole 
popuiaUon, we she w flud that the Iklr proportion of Asylum admissions for native Canadians would 
he 865, wherees they liave sent In only 80 per cent, of this number, or, in other words, the IrUh, English 
and Snotch nationaUties sent in the proportion often to three as compared with the native Canadians- 
The disproportion would be still greater, comparing the native Canadian with the Irish. The contti- 
batlona of the latter, ftom given equal numbers, being over fbnr to one." 

MiOBSsm roB Irobkaibo Abtlvii Aooomhodatioii. 

All the ordinary Lunatic Asylums in the Dominion* are represented by the Superintendents to be 
erowdad There are practically no vacancies for ftesh cases, save those occasioned by deaths and 
daehargee. Two grave evils result flrom the overcrowded state of our Asylums : 

1st. The sanitary con< Jon of the institution is impaired ; and, 

3nd. Becent a ite casos of mania are denied admission imrUtg A« tarty mmI enroMve ttat* «/ Om 



In dlMusslng this question, emphatically the question of the day, vmA the insane, the Board of 
tBspectora, In their report for 1865, observe : " Whence comes it that we are compelled almost Invarl- 
** ably to reAise admission to patients whose cases are recent and curable, and only open our doors to 
•admit them when they have become imbecile or hopelessly incurable Y Dr. Workman answers—' They 
" (the insanej are denied early admission because we have no room for them, and we have no room 
** for them because three-fourths or seven-u^ihths of our beds are held for lift by persons who cannot 
"recover. Th« rttetdim c/ M«m {acwailM it M« conm ct^ Mi* <e<l.' In other words, by retaining our in. 
"cnrables permanently In our Asylums we go oa indeftnitely multiplying the iasurables outside. The 
<* problem then to be solved is this : 'How shall we reconcile the Interests of the curable and the Incurable 
•* Insane?' To do Justice to the former we must see that our curative AaylUBU are open to receive 
" them as soon as the necessary formalities required by law have been complied with. To do Justice to 
** the latter, wtf miut see that even where their recovery Is hopeless, and there is no longer any sufflolont 
"reason for permitting them to occupy room in the chief Asylum, to (k« eceZtMioH tf cwoU* pattmOtt 
"they are not turned adrift upon the world in their utterly helplen state without any provUlon being 
"made flor their shelter or protection. 

"To meet the wants of both these classes of lunatics. Dr. Workman submit* that two distinct 
" classes of Asylums are required. One class might be styled ' Primary Asylums,' or ' Curative Kosplt- 
"als for the Insane ;' and the other, 'Secondary Asylums,' or 'Asylums for COironio and Hapless 
"Lunatics.* The farmer class of Asylums, the Curative Hospitals, should be built and maintained 
" entirely at the cost of the State, and the latter class of Asylums, those .or Chronic cases, should b« 
** huilt and maintained by unions of counties or districts, but should be suhJect to Oovemment 
"Inspection, and have their principal Medical officers selected and paid by the Government. The 
"f tcondary Asylums shOGld not receive any patients who had not passed a certain stated time in the 
' _ Imary Institntlon. The neces sary consequence of the adoption of such a scheme as this would be 
"loinereoM to a very hijh degree lh» tffiaieuov <iftJt* IVtmarv Ati/ltim$ a$ curative institutions— to in- 
" crease very largely every year the proportion of the Insane who would be restored to rtason. or In 
"other words to check, to a very large extent, the wholesale nuuuffacture <if incurable lunatics, who, 
"under the present erroneous system, must be every year thrown as a burthen tor lift upon the 
"country." 

Whileconvlncodhimselfoftheexpedlency. on social, medical and economic grounds, of making 
distinct and separate provision for quiet and chronic lunatics, the writer of this article thlnkR it right 
to stato that the Medical Superintendents of two of the Asylums in Canada,! and a large nzmber of 
Sup rintendcuts of American Asylums, strongly object to the proposal, principally on the ground that 



• Boekwood Aaylnm, which U inUmded for a ipecial clou only lot Lnnatioi, ii not ioduded In the category of 
otdiaarjr Aijrlonu. 

t The ProTindUlAajrltuiu dt St. Joha, Hew BnuuwSsk. and Bt. Johni, Qnobac. 



?*».■: 



JLunaHe Asylums^ &»c. 



67 




40«,313 
■ 902.879 

1.30T.ira 
88,899 

1.S96 09I 
letbrMDKtlon 
Province, btve 
In only :1M ; In 

to the Asylum 
' 63 per cent. In 
ilAtlon. If the 
lah and Scotch 
n the Act that 
that the native 
i. In the whole 
knadlant wonM 
e Irish, Sngllsh 
tlve Canadians' 
h. The contrl- 



atendents to he 
by deaths and 



[v< ttefw pf A« 

i, the Board of 
almost Invarl- 
•nonr doors to 
inswers— 'They 
have no room 
ns who cannot 
talnlng onr In. 
outside. The 
the Inonrable 
pen to receive 
lodojostleeto 
iranysoffldcnt 
urabU ptMmU»> 
)tt>vlslon being 

t two distinct 
irattve Hosplt- 
and Hannless 
Id maintained 
MS, Should be 
Oovemment 
irnment. The 
ted time In the 

this would be 
tutlons— to In- 

rcason, or In 
lunatics, who, 

lift upon the 

18, of making 
thinkR It right 
rge nzmber of 
e ground that 

the category of 



the attempt to draw sioh aline of demarcation between acute and chronic eases, could not fhll to be 
firaught with the worst results to tho latter class. 

The Government of the late Province of Canada formally recognlzedlthe expediency of having two 
classes of Insane Asylums, OniUa Asylum being In the first Instance Intended by them as an Asylum 
Ibr ekronio oosss only ; and the philanthropic and enlightened State of UaasachussetU has also carried 
out the plan on a large scale by establishing at Teukosbnry In that State an " Bxperlmental Institution 
ftr Inouable and Harmless State Paupers."* We await with confidence the result of this experiment. 

PuvATB hmxmt voa Patirs PATinm. 

Private Asylums fsr paying Pattenta, distinct and separate from the general Asylums, are stin a 
dMrfsroANK In the Provinces of Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. 

In the Province of Quebec, Indeed, there Is a small private Asylum, near Quebec, known a> 
"The Belmont Betreat." 

This establishment Is pleasantly situated about three miles from the city of Quebec, and Is the 
property of Mr. Wakeman, very fhvorably k^^own as the eSlclent steward for many years of the 
Beanport AsyhioL 

Tile iDspetora of asytams and prisons have ftrequentlyln their reporte recommended the establlsb- 
ment of seperate Asylums fbr paying patlento, on the understanding, however, that such private 
Asylnma should be la the Immediate neighbourhood of some of the large Asylums, and under the 
control of the medical superintendento of those Institutions. 

In their report far 1867, the Inspectors observe. " It is Indeed a reproach to the wealthy tmi 
" en.lgfatened ^vlnce of Ontario, that up to the present moment. It has not taken thought to make 
" suitable provision within Its borders for the treatment of pay patlente of the better clats." " We are 
"often,** says Dr. LItehfleld, " consulted In difflcnlt and pressing cases in regard to patlente of a higher 
" class, -'hose friends seek better accommodation (than the ordinary Asylums present) fbr which they 
" are quite willing to pay, and who have to look <br accommodation in the neighbouring Bepubllo which 
"Is not to betbund In the Dominion.** The result of the present system Is that those unfortunate 
" creatures are placed among strangers, almof t beyond the reach of their relations and friends, at a 
" greatly Increased coet, and ftarther, that the country loses the benefit of the contributions which thev 
" would otherwise make towards the maintenance of a necessary expemflve class of public Institutions.* 

iNUttlATl ASTL. . 

The necessity and propriety of legislation with a view to authorise the temporary confinement of 
eonflrmed drunkards In Institutions specially adapted for thetar treatment, has, during the past five or 
six years, been much discussed In Canada, t 

The Provincial Synod of the Church of England, during their recent session At Hontreal, passed a 
resolution commending this Important subiect t« the earnest attention of the Local Oovernmenta, with 
whom reste the right to legislate In the matter. 

The degrading vice of Intemperance Is, unhappily, but too prevalent in Canada, and every well 
wither of his country would rqjolce to see erected In our midst, under proper statutory regulations* 
Asylums for Inebriates, not merely as a means of reclaiming and restoring to society some at least of the 
unfortunate victims of intemperance, but also a " visible protest of society against intemperance ' a 
warning and beacon to those commencing ihe downward career of drunkenness. 

The only Institution In the Dominion Intended far the treatment of inebriates, so thr at* the writer 
of this article Is aware. Is a private establishment near Quebec, known as " Tlie Belmont Betreat.*' 
This Institution has already been refarred to In the preceding article on Private Asylums. 



* The worA " ineu.ibU " ■haoM, we think, be ouvfolly omitted la the darignation of Umm tiutitutioiu. 
Wm SB tUMnts HidaihMMttT* pamphltt by Dr. Bovell, of Toronto, totl Uad, ■■ PIm (or Inabriote A lylanii,'' 



ISO- 



R8 



Legislation of 1867-68. 






m, 

IK-* 



LEGISLATION OF 1867-68. 



O, IbC— OoT«norinOoan«U. . 

h. Q. In 0.— Lieut. OoTunor In CorjtoU. 

P. a— PtItt ConnoU. 

V C.— lltai1itOTo<Cu(tomi. 

0. C— CommlHloner of do. 

If. I. R.— HlnUUr of InUnd RaTanua. 

0. 1. B.— OommiMionarof do. 



LiaT 0» ABBBIVIATIOaS UBIO. 

p. If. n.-Poit Kiatar OaunO. 
". at.— Pott MMtar. 
P. O.— PoatOAce. 
P.O. D — Pokt Offloa Sapnrtmaat. 
K. O.— Beoairar Gananl. 
0. B F.— Conaolld. Beranua Pond. 



P. W. D.— Publio Work* Oapartmant 

If. P.— UlnUtar of Flnonea. 

M. of A,— MInlitarof ArrioaltoM. 

H. of C— Houaa of C'ommona. 

C. 0. 0.— ( U , of thaOrown in Chaaoaty. 

Tha Co.— The Companr, 



M. P. W.— Sf inlitor of Publio Workt. J. P.— Jnitloe or J uitfoea of tha Pi 



PARLIAMENT OF CANADA. 

Part I. 
Sgtswm itgan oh the 6ik Novimbtr, adjourtud attt Vtctmitr, tS6j, 



Cap. I.— The first Act 



THE STATUTES. 
ia one respecting the interpretation, printing and distribntion of the 
Statutes. The distribution is to be regulatea by the Governor in Council, through the Secretary dT 
Stare of Canada ; but the type to be used, the form, and the kind of binding, are all preciaely regulated 
by the ijth section— it being in fact that heretofore in use in the Proviuce ci Can.'^da. 

SPEAKER HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

Cap. a— Provides that the Speaker leaving the chair of the House of Commons may call another 
member thereto. 

MEMBERS' INDEMNITY. 

Cap. 3— Provides for the salaries of the Speakers and indemnity to Members. The SpaikeM 
receive f 3,mo per annum ; the Members |6 per diem up to the end of 30 days. For a session lasting 
longer than that |6oo, with ten cents per mile for travelling expenses. ^5 per diem is ordered to be 
deaucted for every day's absence, unless while within ten miles of the capital the member is prevented 
by illness from attendance. 

SUPPLY. 

Cap. 4— Is a Supply Bill for i86t-8. A sum of 15,264,379 was appropriated generaUr as vote of 
credit for services of Government from ist Julv, 1867, to 31st March, 1868. The G. in C. is further 
authorised to issue 6 p. c. stock or bonds for the redemption of any debt of the former Provinces, 
but the public debt is not to be increased bv such issue. He was further authorized to raise ^5,000,000 
by sale of stock, debentures, excheciuer bills and bonds, or terminable annuities. Also to raise tem- 
porary loans at 6 p. c. to cover deficiencies in consolidated revenue fund. Also to create a " Dominion 
Stock," grant terminable annuities, and issue exchequer bills or bonds, within the limits assigned and 
for the purposes named in the Act. 

MANAGEMENT OF REVENUE. 

Cap. s — Provides for the collection and management of the revenue, auditing public accounts, and 
liability of public accountants. The G. in C. is to regulate number of officers required and salaries. 
They are to give their whole time io the public service and take no fees. The 0. in C. mav divide 
country into ports and districts— to prescribe office hours and duties. All moneys from whatever 
source of revenue derived are to be paid in to credit of Receiver General, witUn such periods and at 
such agencies as may be firom time to time prescribed ; and always paid out by check on some bank, 
upon warrant of Governor: check to be signed by the R. G. and countersi|(ned by Minister of Finance, 
or respective deputies. A Board of Audit is es ablished, to consist of nine deputy heads of depart- 
ments, the Provincial Auditor being chairman. The deputy heads each first check their ovnt ex|>endi- 
tures and then submit the same to tns auditor for final audit and review. In case of difference of opinion, 
matter goes before the whole board. Upon all matters of importance the board reports to the M. F. 
The board settle system of book-keeping for all the public departments. Thev are also to prapaiie 
annualljr the public accounts to be laid before parliament. All unexpended balances of previous 
appropriations to lapse and be written off. The auditor is bound to see that no warrant issues for any: 
money not voted by parliament, and no warrant can issue without his certificate, unless the Attorney 
General reports that there is authority, contrary to the opinion of the Auditor, or some accident dr 
sudden emergency calls for expenuiiure which tne G. in C. thereupon orders, the Governor himself; 
signing the warrant Except in cases where there is lack of puliamentary authority, the M. F. may,; 
on appeal to him, over-rule the Auditor's objections to any payment Clauses 37 to 48 inclusive .pro- 
vide severe penalties for officers of revenue imbezzling or failing properly to account for public moneys 
and for taking evidence, &g!F The Governor may remit duties or penalties, but must report the remta- 
sions to parliament 

Cap. 6 — Is a long Act of 141 clauses " respecting the Customs," furnishing a complete general 
code upon that subject For an abstract of this Act, see another part of this Vear Book. 

Cap. 7 — Imposing duties of Customs, is superseded by the Tariff passed in the later part of the 
session. For its provisions, see heading of Customs in this Ytar Booh. 

,.y .' 6lkp. 8 — Furnishes a code respecting Inland Revenue, which heading see elsewhere in this volume.; 

STAMP DUTIES. 
Ca/. 9— Imposes stamp duty of one cent on all promissory notes and bills of exchange for f 35; 
over $2$ and not exceeding I50.-13 cts. ; over $50 and not exceeding $100, 3 cts. ; and 3 cts. for eadi 
^too or fraction after the first On each draft or bill in duplicate a cts. per fioo on each part : executed 
m more than two parts, i ct per |ioo for each part ; interest to accrue at maturity of biu or note to be 
counted as part of the sums. Letters of credit and receipts entitling the possessor to drawthe amount 
again are reckoned as bills subject to duty. Commissariat or other official drafts and bank noteS) 
cheques on banks or savings banks, P. O, money orders, and municipal debentures and coupons, are 
e}-empt Duty is to be paid by using stamped paper, or an adhesive stamp over which the signature 
of maker or drawer, or the date, or some other important part of the bill or note, is to be written, to 



Ltgisiahon of 1867-68. 



69 



ilete generali 



thisTolnine.; 



cancel it, or the ittinp will bt of no •vail. A ptnally of |ioo \\ incurred for stamping or writing a 
wrong date on such itamp. DutUi in Nova Scotia to be reckoned in Nova Scotia currency. Minister 
of Inland Revanu* appoint! tha atamp diatributori ; their lalaries are fixed by the G. in C. On notes 
or billa drawn out of Canada, Um Arit indonar or acceptor in Canada must affix the stamp. Any one 
failing to affix stamp* or uta atamp papar, or affixing insufficient stamps to pay duty, is liable to pay 
double duty or double amount by which stamps ara insufficient, and pay a penalty of j|ioo ; and in case 
double duty has not been paid tha nnta or bill is null and void. Any subsequent party to a note or bill 
can relieve himsalf front paitally and randsr tha instrument valid by affixing stamps for double duty ; 
but does not thereby raliava tha parties previously in default ; and any holder of a note may, by pay- 
ment of double duty, render aucb instrument valid without becoming a part thereto. To affix ktamps 
already used is a inUdamaanor punishable by a fine of ^500. These penalties are incurred for each 
such instrument and by each aueh party to tham. Forgmg, cqunterfeitmg or imitating the Government 
stamps, or using or selling tham knowing them to be forged, or preparing a plate or die for the purpose 
of the forgery, or having such plate or dla in one's pouesslon, or tearing offa stamp or removing writ- 
ing or marks cancelling a atamp, la a folony punishable as forgery by imprisonment not exceeding ai 

''*"*' THE POST OFFICE. 

Cap. 10— Relates to the Poatal sarvlea. It repeals previously existing postal laws in the three 
former provinces, except aa a(factin0 maraly existing appointments, districts, contracts, &c. The 
department is brought under tha ravanua Act. A department, presided over by a Post Master 
General, appointed ^ commission under the great aeal, is established at Ottawa. The Governor in to 
appoint all salaried Pest Maatara in citiea or towns, the Deputy Post Master Gener.-tl and Post Office 
Inspectors: the P. M. U,, all other offioara and servants of the department ; to suspend or dismiss 
them ; open and close mail route* ; enter into and enforce contracts ; make regulations respecting 
mailable matter ; ettablish rataa on sueh matter not provided for in the Act ; cause postage stamps and 
stamped envelopes to ba jpraparad and issued; make arrangem'tnts with British or foreign postal 
authorities, and for the refunding postage to military and naval authorities ; make regtilations about 
money orders and ragiatration of latter*, and other regulations, and amend or repeal the same, sue for and 
recover postage ana panaltia* > astabliah and provioa street letter boxes in every city, town, or railway 
station ; grant licenses for tha aala of stamp* ; and impose penalties with consent of the G. in C. Such 
regulations have effect firom tha day of thair publication in the Canada Gaatttt, or such subsequent 
day IS is stated therein, Tha Oovarnor ia to appobt Inspectors for such districts as he may deter- 
mine, who superintend the due performance of the mail service, the proper discharge of their duties by 
P. M's ; to enquire into tha loaa of lattara, and generaUv to obey instructions of the P. M. G. The 
Deputy P. M. O. has, under tha P. M. O,, the general airection and supervision of the business of 
the department. TheoAoora and clerk* of tha department are to receive a stated salary and no other 
allowance or remuneration for extra work, For the postage rates, see the article on the Post Office, in 
another part of this volume. Unpaid postage may bo recovered by the P. M. G. from the person to 
whom mailable matter I* addraawd, or Aom a P. M. delivering without payment, saving his recourse 
agaiust receiver ; and postage on aueh matter refuted byparty to whom aadressed may be recovered 
from the senfler, in any court having Juriadictlon. The P. M. G. may grant reasonable compensation 
to masters of ship*— not P, O, packet*— for the conveyance of letters beyond the sea, and the G. in C. 
may make regulation* prohibiting *uch *hip0 from breaking bulk at certain ports in ^*.u. '^a until such 
letters have been delivered. No one but tna P, M. G. and officers under him can coUett. convey and 
deliver letters in Canada, under a penalty of %m^ except letters sent by a private friend or by messenger 
sent on purpose about private afhir* or *and*r or receiver. Documents relating to proceedings in 




No person is obliged to send newspapar* or other printed mattei by post. In cases of illegal sending, 
letters may be seised and charged with poatag* by atiy Revenue officer. The P. M. G. may establish 
branch offices in any city, and employ carriers to deliver letters and papers and receive not more than 
a cts. each for such delivery, or he may make the delivery free, charging one cent per half-ounce on 
local or drop letters besides the drop letter rate. He may make regolations and fix rates for a parcel 
post. Letters and other mailable matter addressed to or sent by the Governor, or any department at 
the seat of govemmetit. or the Speaker or Chief Clerk of the Senate or of the House of Commons, or 
a Member of either House at the seat of govamment during the session of Parliament, or the ten days 
next before, are free. The Speaker and Chief Clerk of either House may send public documents and 

}>rinted papers to any Member, and Member* may aend documents printed by order of either House, 
iree at any time. Letters, ftc, about P.O. business may be sent free under regulations of the P. M. G. 
Petitions and addresses to either of the Provincial legislatures, and papers printed by their order, may 
be sent free under regulation* of the P. M. O. From the time mailable matter is posted, it becomes 
the property of the perbon to whom it 1* addretted The P. M. G. is not liable for any such matter 
lost, nor can it be seised or detained by legal process while in the custody of the department. Any 
letters remaining undelivered and advertlMO, or which cannot be forwarded, are sent as dead letters to 
the department and there opened and returned to the senders, subject to any unpaid postage and 5 cts. 
additional— or otherwise disposed of. Money in letters whose owner cannot be found is carried into the 
Postal revenue, but a speeial account kept of it, so that it may be paid over when owner is found. 
Advertisement* of letters uncalled for to ne inserted in a newspaper or newspapers published in the 
town or in the place nearest tha office, at a cts, per letter for three insertions. Abetters suspected to 
contain contraband goods may be detained and sent to the nearest Collector of Customs, to be opened 
in presence of the person to whom it it addressed, or in his absence after due notice to him, and if any 
are found Collector may detain letter and goods for purposes of prosecution ; if none are found letter is 
delivered to proper party on payment of postage, or returned to P. O. to ' thence delivered. Mails 
are not exempt from toll* on any road or bridge unless charter so provides. Ferrymen must ferry mail, 
horses and vehicle across on demand, for price agreed upon or fixed by arbitrators. No toll-gate 
keeper or ferryman shall detain mail to exact aueh payment, but shall take legal recourse for recovery 
of same. P. M. O. may, with approval of the G, In C, arran(;e to allow U, S. mails to be earned 
through my part of Canada at expense of U, S< government, stipulating for the same right for Canada 
mails tb/ougn U. S., and aueh U. S, mails during such transit shall be deemed and taken to be Her 
Majesty's mails, so far as any violation of or depredation on them is concerned. F. M's must give 
sureties, who are held liable ror their due accounting for all moneys, &c., but all actions against thetat 



'■i If 



(>0 



Legislation of 1867-68. 



wm 



V 



mnM be brought within two jrean after P. M't detth, removal or resijmation, or after the acceptance 
of new luretiet. The P. M. G. prescribe* the perioda at which P. M's mutt account, and on lailure 
may tue them. If they continue to neglect to render accounts for more than a month, they forfeit 
4ouble the value of postages accrued at their offlce in any equal time. P. M's in cities must render 
accounts under oath of all their emoluments^ as well from boxes leased and branch offices as from 
postages for drop and other letters and' city delivery, and shall only retain their stated salary or allow ' 
ance. P. M's whose salaries are not fixed by law may be paJMl by a per centage or salary, as P. M. C. 
may direct Any contracts for mail service for over |soo must be given after tenders have been invited 
by advertnement for six weeks ; it shall be awarded to person makinc lowest tender and offering good 
security, ualess the P. M. G. is of opinion it would not be for benefit of the public service when be 
reports on the same to the 0. in C. Me is not obliged to notice the tender of a person who has failed 
in a previous contract. I f offers are all too high, the P, M. G. may re-advertise or offer reasonable sum 
to each of the tenderers, beginning with lowest, till it is accepted. Every tender must be accompanied 
with the offor of sureties. If, after the acceptance of his tender, any party sliall fail to enter into the 
contract giving good security, the P. M. G. may contract with some other person charging the differ- 
ence to the deaulter, and recovering it by action at law. P. M's may, by permission ofthe P. M. O., 
become contractors. Contracts for less than |aoo may be let as the P. M. G. sees fit. No contract 
shall be entered into with any person wh' has combined, or proposed to combine, with others te keep 
back tenders. Contracts with railway and steamboat companies may be made without advertisiugi but 
all such contracts for over liooo shall be subiritted to the G. in C. Abstracts of tenders are to be 
recorded, and the originals preserved. No contract is to be for more )'. an four years, but in special 
caeca the P. M. G. may renew for the same term. He may make temporary contracts pending the 
advertising, &c., for tne regular one. Railways are compelled to carry H. M.'s mail and persons 
officially travelling with it, upon terms to be settled by the G. in C. The P, M. G., with consent of 
th« G. in C, may establish P, O. Savings Banks, in connection with a Savings Bank to be attached 
to department at Ottawa, aud may authorise such P. M's as he shall think fit to receive deposits not 
less than f i in amount. For the regulations, see the article on the Post Office. P. M. G. may make 
regulations, with consent of the G. in C, in any matter not provided for by Act. Copies are to be 
laid before Parliament. Monthly returns are to be made to the Auditor and published in CtuuuUt 
GoMttU. Whenever the cash balance is over ^500,000 it is to be reported to the M. F., who, with 
consent of the Treasury Board, shall invest the same in government securities, to be held thereafter in 
reserve by the R. G. Report of each financial year's transactions shall be made up after its comple- 
tion, and submitted to Parliament at ita next session. The R. G. i» to credit P. O. Savings Bank 
account with accrued interest on invested surplus, and interest at 5 p. c. on invested balance, and debit 
it with expenses. Profit to form part ofandlou made good from the C. R. F, A full report ofthe other 
transactions ofthe P. O. D. is to be made annually by the P. M. G. to the Governor, who aball submit 
it to parliament. To make away with any Post letter is a felony punishable with :( to 5 years' imjpri- 
sonment, or if it contain money or valuable security 5 years to lite ; to steal anything vauuablo out of 
letter, or to steal a letter bag, or letter from bag or P. O., or officer or employee of P. O., or firom m«D, 
or to stop mail with intent to rob or search it, the latter penalty; unlawfully to open a bag or take a 
letter out, 5 years' imprisonment ; to make away with a parcel, imprisonment for not less than 3 years. 
To be A receiver of anything, so stolen or embexzled, not less ihan 5 years' imprisonment Unlawfully 
issuing a money order, not less than 3 years, To forgt, counterfeit or imitate stainp, to use one know- 
ing it to be counterfeit, to engrave or print, or have plate or die in possession, or to forge frank, is felony, 
punishable by imprisonment for 5 years to life, ana the laws relating; to fonery shall applv. Forgiiu; 
any necessary documents relating to money orders or deposit in savmn bank is punistuDle by impri- 
sonment from a to 7 years. Stealing mail key or lock, or forging such Icey, imprisonment for not more 
than 7 year's. Unlawfully to open a letter or letter bag which he has found or has received, after 
payment of postage, without right to do so, or to refuse to deliver it up to the right party, is a misde- 
meanor. To steal or wilfully destroy other mail matter, to enclose explosive suutances m a letter or 
packet (unless punishable as crime of greater magnitude by other laws) ; to remove stamper the mark 
thereon with fraudulent intent : to wiuuUy hinder progress of mail : to cut or otherwise damage letter 
bag : wilfully to contravene any legal regulations, if so declared by such regulations ; and soliating the 
commission of any acts punishable under the Act, are all misdemeanors punishable by fine or iinpri* 
sonment, or both, at the discretion of the court. To enclose letters, or writings to serve purpose of 
letter, in parcels or packets, or in a newspaper (except accounts or receipts or publishers, which go 
free) or to use ag[ain a stamp^ 'already used, is punishable by a fine of not less than #10 nor more than 
^40. A mail earner being guilty of drunkenness while conveying mails ; or ne^'ecting his duty; a toll- 
keeper who refuses passage to the horse or carriage conveying' the mail, and any ferryman wilfiilly 
delaying or detaining it or refusing to convey the mail over his ferry, are likewise guilty of misdemea- 
nor, and punishable with a like penalty. Accessories and abettors in every case are punishable as 
principals. To convert any P. O. money to his own use, by investing or loaning it, is an embezzle- 
ment on the part of any P, M. or other officer ofthe P. O, I)., punishable as a felony by a fino equal to 
the amount so embezzled, and imprisonment for not less than 3 months or more than 7 years. All 
persons advising or participating to be punished in like manner. Neglect or refusal to pay over 
moneys due to the P. O. D. it prima /acie evidence of such embezzlement. No other person but 
P. M's shall sell postage stamps without license from the P. M. G. under a penalty of #40. Wilfully 
injuring or destroying pillar or street letter box, or other authorized receptacle, or to aid and abet, is a 
misdemeanor punisliable by fine or imprisonment, or both. To place the words " Post Office" on a 
house or sign without authority is punishable by a fine of $xo. Officers are protected In prosecution of 
duty as customs officers under Customs Act. 

BANKING. 

Ca^. II. — "An Act respecting Banks. "— Authorizet; the opening of branches of existing banks in any 
part of^ the Dominion. Banks in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick arc to make the same half-yearly 
returns and pay same duty as those in Ontario and Quebei.— i p. c. on average circulation, less specie 
in vault Banks may take and hold mortgages on personal as well as real property, as collateral security, 
and dispose of the same, and may purchase and hold lands mortgaged, and may acquire an absolute 
title therein. Thsy may advance moneys on bills of lading, specifications of timber, and. warehouse 
receipts, receiving the same as collateral security, and in case of non-payment of money advanced may sell 

J .!._-j.t„-! . 1 . .. necessary to such payment. Butthey 

dispose of them until todays' notice 
^ given to theowner. The lien thus cre.ited to rank prior to that of an unpaid vendor. Security 
may be simiKirly given by indorsing over cove-keeper's or wharfinger's receipt for timber. Timber is 



lie acetptince 
and on failure 
;h, they forfiiit 
■ roust render 
offices aa from 
alary or allow- 
r, aa P. M. G. 
« been invited 
I offering good 
irvice when be 
who has failed 
easonable sum 
B accompanied 
enter into the 
ring the differ- 
\he P. M. a. 
No contract 
others te keep 
dvertising, but 
lers are to be 
, but in special 
ta pending the 
il and persons 
ith consent of 
to be atuched 
to deposits not 
, G. may make 
)pies are to be 
led in CaMsda 
F., who. with 
Id thereafter in 
Iter its complc- 
Saving! Bank 
mce, and debit 
ort of the other 
lo shall submit 
S years' imjpri- 
valuable out of 
., or from man, 
i bag or take a 
IS than 3 yeara. 
ft. Unlawfully 
use one know- 
ink, is felony, 
iplv. Forgiu; 
iDle by imprT 
t for not more 
received, after 
:y, is a misde' 
IS m a letter or 
tp or the mark 
damage letter 
'soliatingthe 
ine or impri' 
purpose of 
lers, which go 
lOr more than 
duty; atoll' 
an wilfully 
lof misdemea' 
jpunishable as 
an embezzle' 
fine equal to 
7 years. All 
to pay over 
r person but 
,o. Wilfully 
land abet, is a 
Office" on a 
rosecution of 



I; banks in any 
pe half-yearly 
n, less specie 
pral security, 
J: an absolute 
Id. warehouse 
liced may sell 
It. But they 
^ days' notice 
lor. Security 
■ Timber u 



Ltgislatlon of 1867-68. 



61 



not to be held in pledge ^w more than one ysar, and then only to be sold after jo davs' notice, the sale 
to be by auction after % days' advcrtisemtnl in newipapera. Security in no way atfectea if warehouseman, 
cbvtfkeepcr or wharQnger be himself owner of goods niadgcd. Such advances give priority of lien over 
unpaid vendur, but not over claim for wage* in cutting, ''maHing"and transporting such timber,&c. Giving 
faUe receipts, specifications, or bills of lading, or removing goods once pledged without leave nf bauk, 



is n rnisdememor punishable by imprinonment for i lo ] years. Banks are exempted from prosecution 
.. -. i.c,by_Ugiil process. They may charge on a note or bilf payable at 

branch, not over { p. c. for collection^ 



for usury, but can only collect 

another branch than that at whi 

60 to 00, 1 p, c. ; Qo days over i p, c. ; or if payal 



7 p. c. li 
lichitis 



discounted 



I. on 10 days' paper, | p. c. : 
ibltt ilsewnare tnan at plat 



. . on }o to 60 days, ^ p. G. : 
lace of discount other than 



PUBLIC WORKS DBPARTMBNT. 

Ca/. IS— Respecting the Public Works of Canada, A department is constituted, presided over 
bv the M. P. W., who is to be appointed by Governor, who also appoints Deputy, Secretary, Chief 
Lngineer, and such other officers as may be necsHiry. No contract or deed binds department or gov- 
crnment which is not signed and scaled by Minister or Deputy and Secretary. The Governor may 
at any time require any person, corporatlen or provincial authority to deliver up maps, plans, reports, 
&c., relating to public works under control of this department. All works, records and implements 
for improving thii n.<vigation, all works for facilitating the transmission of timber, roads, bridges, public 
buildings and railways, the Provincial steameri, and other property in hands of former Provincial 
Governments, including the ordnance property traniftrred to Canada and placed under control of the 
P. W. D., shall be vested in Hvr Majesty and under the control of the M. P. W., except those works, 
&c„ transferred to the provinces, to municipalities, private companies or other parties, or placed under 
the control of another department, or works abandoned and left to tho control of municipalities. The 
Governor may, from time to time, by proclamation, declare any work purchased or constructed at public 
expenneand not transferred to the Provinces, to lio works under this Act, and subject to tho P. W. 
D. All public works hereafter constructed or completed at expense of Canada shall be under its con- 
trol. No warrant for money voted for any public woric shall issue without certificate of the M. P. W. 
or his deputy. Ho may require accounts of contractors to be attested by oath, and may send for and 
examine parties on oath respecting business of department. Annual report is to be made to Governor 
and submitted to parliament. Tenders are to bo invited for all works, except in cases of pressing 
necessity. When it is deemed expedient that lowest tender should not be taken case to b: reported to 
Governor and his authority obtained, Sufficient security in all cases to be taken, and no work to be 
begun or payment made till contract is duly executed. The M. P. W. can authorize persons in employ 
of department to enter upon any pronerty^ivate or public, for the purposes of survey for public 
works. Surveys made by employee of the P. W, D. shall have same force and authority as if made by 
Provincial Land Surveyor. The M. P. W. muy take possession of any property necessary for public 
work, and may acquire a good title from curator* to parties incapable or contracting which as between 
private parties would not be good. Dy his agents lie may take wood, sand or other materials from 
any uncleared lands for public works, and open temporary roada to them, and may turn necessary 
drains upon private propiBrty, making duo compensation. Such compensation to be paid within six 
months after it has been agreed upon or appralMd. Before taking possession of property the M. P. W. 
may tender the reasonable value and three days thereafter take the property. When owners are not 
residents on the property, he advertises his iutentton to take posfession. He may alter the line of any 
public road and remove fences and construct diiehes during the time the work is going on, repairing 
the damage after its completion. Tho (iovsmor may appoint a board of arbitrators, to consist of net 
more than ft>ur members, to whom all claims for land or other property taken by the P. W. D.. and for 
any damages done, and for any deductions from accounts for work, inay be referred by the Minister, 
after ho has tendered what he conceives n sufficient compensation. He may refer them to one or more; 
but the decision is subject to appeal to the board, when not referred to the whole board. Claims 
must be hied within ii months after they nrl»e. Arbtlrato** may summon witnesses firom any place in 
Canada and allow them %i per diem, beiides reasonable travelling expenses. No witness shall be 
compelled to remain in attendance for more tiian 3 days , Penahy fur non-attendance, $5 tc f 35, recov- 
erable before a J. P. Such documents may be ordered ta be prr duccd as in courts of law, No award 
upon a claim for work is to be made for exp<;nditure not t^uthnri.ed by contract. Copies of awards are 
to be furnished to M. P. W. and claimants within one mo,. ill. If the decision be not by the whole 
board, appeal from it may be brought within one mouth after such delivery. Costs to follow award, and 
to be taxed by Superior Courts. Works required for defence by G. in C or declared necessary by 
Commander of the Forces, may be declared to be public works, and claims for land taken for the same, 
or damages ^one, or enforcement of tho obligation to keep ground free from obstructions, maybe dealt 
with undiei mis Acti which shall not, however, diminish powers ntready i^ossessed by the Secretary of 
Sutd for War. The M.P.W. may enter into an agreement with any Provincial Government, municipality 
orcompany, to transferany publicvork to it upon suih terms and conditions as may be agreed upon, one 
ofv/hichshallbe to keep tho sameia repair, ftc; may, with consent of grantee, take the same back again, 
and resume control thereof. The G. in C. may, by order, impose tolls for the use of the public works, 
lobe always payable in advance. Vessels running tne rapids in the St. Lawrence are liable for dues as if 
tliey passed through the canals. H. M. troops areer.empt from tolls, and horses and vehicles em- 
ployed in H. M's service ; but not vessels on canals conveying them. Collector may recover tolls in 
civil coturto, nnd iienalties are recoverable before a J. P., and may be levied on goods and chattels, in 
default of v/bkh offender may be committed to gaol, Any goods on a vessel or vehfcle seized for tolls, 
dues or fines, are liable therefor, to whomsoever they belong. Tolls on public roads may be let out to 
farm, ami firmer has the same right as to collection at Collector. The G. in C. may make regula- 
tions rerpecting management and use of public works, and impose fines for their infraction not exceed- 
ing ^4oc», rt'id authorize seizures and sales of property for payment of penalties or damages. The laws 
resncctirj; lailways .%nd public works heretofore in force in Ontario ,nnd Quebec .nre extended to N. D. 
anil N. ?.., so that any person breaking regulations of 0. in C, or of a railway company, so as to cause, 
an acfirlciiit or increaae the daage|r thereof, it punlebable at the discretion of the court, by a fine of not 
more t^uiiif too, or impriionment not exceeding s y*u*i nr both. If no such injury is done or danger 
caiisb/it tke penalty it 15 to 30 days' pay, 

INTERCOLONIAL RAILWAY. 




6^ 



Legislation of 1867-68. 



1^ 






« ft. A in. gauge on luch grade*, in rucIi placet, in auch manner, with (uch material* anil on *uch apeci- 
ncation* r» the G. in C. may determine. The corami**lon*rs are given the power* ol' the M. P. W. 
and of a railway company mr the execution of the work respecting lurveya, taking land*, &c. Dis- 
put** are to be referred to t|ie official arbitrators. The comniiikiuner* muni advertite for tender* for 
tha con*lruction of the work, but are not bound to accept the lowest but that of " *uch contractor* as 
•hall appear t.> them to be possessed of sufficient *kill, experience and resources" to carry out their 
contract. All contracts for over |to,oooto be submitted to the U. in C. for approval. No " Member 
of Parliament" can be an officer or contractor under the commissioners. The G. in C. fixes the remu- 
neration of commissiouers and chief engineers, and other pay is subject to his approval. The U. in 
C. may at any time suspend the work till the tlxen next *e*sion of parliament. liu may open for traffic 
any completed portloa of the work under regulation* to be in force till the end of the next session of 
pwrliameyt. Provision is made for the raising of a loan under the Imperial guarantee to provide 
mean* for the conatruction of the road. A einking fund i« provided for, and the C. K. F. charged 
with the neceaaary turn*. A loan i* authorisad alao for any *um found neceesary over and above the 
amount of the Impwkl guarantee. 

AGGRESSIONS BY SUBJECTS OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES. 

C«>. 14— Extenda the former Province of Canada law* to the whole dominion, in rMpect of the 
punishment of ai^gresaion* from subjects of foreign countries at peace with Her Majesty. Any j^rson 
who has borne arms here, or come into tha country with hostile intent, may be tried by Militia Court 
Martial and sentenced to death or such other punuhment as the court may award. Subjects of Her 
Midesty aiding or abetting may be tried and punished in like manner. Or any person offending 
afunst this Act may be tried by an ordinary court, and being condemned ahall suffer death aa a felon. 

UNLAWFUL TRAINING TO ARMS. 

C«>. 15— Prohibit* unlawful training to the use of arms. Persons drillui|[ others without lawful 
avthority are liable to imprisonment for two year* or more, and those receivmg instructions to two 
ytara or less. Meetings for drill may bO dispersed by any J. P., constable or peace officer. Arma and 
ammunition kept for any illegal purpose nuy be seised and distained upon wanant from a f. P., and 
th« person haviAg them may oe arrested, and unless he shall prove that he ia not possessed of them 
for ulefal purpose he shall he committed for trial for a misdemeanor. If he be not so committed, and 
th« J. r. refuse to return the arm*, he may applv to Quarter Seasions or Superior Court, who, in their 
discretion, may order them to be given up. Persons carrying arms for unlawfnl purposes may be 
arrested and committed for trial, and tried for a misdemeanor. All J. P. everywhere have concurrent 
Jurtadiction ia these cases. Provisioa is made for the special protection of J. P. or officers, from 
actions of damages for us* of powers under this Act. The G. in C. may iaspead ita operations and 
pvt it in force again from time to time by proclamation. 

SUSPENSION OF HABEAS CORPUS. 

C«/. 1^— Suspends ths HiUtat Copjhu in tha case of men arrested and committed for any of the 
following offences by warrant of two J. P., or any officer of the Militia or Regular army, until the ist 
December, 1868, and to the end of next session of parliament, provided the wwrrant ia counteraigned 
bj ■ clerk of Pnvy Counctt in one month aAer commitment, vu :— Being or coBtiauing in araia against 
H. M, iaCaaada : any act of h;>iiility therein ; having entered Caaaoa with daaign to levy war or 
commit feloay : levying war in company with any subjects or citiiens of a foreign state at peace with 
H. M.; entering Canada with them with such hostile mtent ; Joining themselves to then with design 
to aid any such wteat ; or if charged with high treason or trcasonaole practices, or suapidon thereof. 
Tbey nuty be detainedf in anv place and bv anv person named in commitment, wfaather regular gaol or 
gaolar or not, such pUoe ana person may be changed by warrant of Privy Cotq^fL This Act nay be 
•uapended and brought into force again by proclamation. 

BANK OF UPPER CANADA. 

Cat. 17— Provides for the settlement of the affiurs of the Bank of Upper Ouuda, and oonfirms a 
deed of auignment of lath November, 1866. to Thomas C. Street, Robert Cassela, Peter Paterson, 
Hugh C. Bwrwick, and Peleg Howland, eiubling the trustees to carry out its trusts, and making them 
a body corporate under the name of " The Trustees of the Bank of Upper CaM|id*«" 

THE COMMERCIAL BANK. 

Cmf, it— Amends the Act of incorporation of the Commercial Bank of Canada and authorisas its 
amalgamation with any other bank or banks, or ita winding up. Besides the amalgamation clause* 
(under which it has since been amalgamated with the Merchutts* Bank) it provided that the charter 
sl|ould not be forfeited at the end of 6* days suspension, nor until 90 davs afker the passing of theAct 
It also authorized the reduction of the old stock and the issue of new. It provided for the winding up 
by Trustees, should that be uiuvoidable. 

GRANH TRUNK RAILWAY. 
Cap. 19— Amended the " Grand Trunk Arrangements Act of i86a." It anthorixed the company 
to raise ;£ 500,000 stg. upon equipment mortgage bonds No. a, taking rank befbre all other chargea 
upon the road and its revenues, except the equipment bonds No. t, and except also the clxima on 
special revenues of the Postal bonds. Power was given also to convert these new bonds into 6 j>. c. 
stock. Power was also given under certain reserves to van the agreements w^ the Bu&lo an4 Lake 
Huron and the Montrealand Champlain Railway Companies. " 

ST. LAWRENCE AND OTTAWA RAILWAY. 

C«/. so— Recognises the partners in the former Ebbwvale Company, and other E^gUsh capitalista* 

together with Mr, Thomas Reynolds, of Montreal, as proprietors or the old Ottawa and Prescott Rail- 

wav, and incorporates them anew aa the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Railway Co. By the first dause 

' nsdiction is specially assumed by the Dominion Parliament, dedaring the work to be for " the general 

[vantajge of Canada." Power is also taken to extend the road across the river Ottawa into the Pro' 

or Quebec to a terminus on Lake Deschesnes, the extenaion to be begun withjq five and com- 

ited within ten years. 

CANADIAN NAVIGATION CO. 
Cap, 31— Changes the name of the Canadian Inland Navigation Company to " the Canadian 
I^avigation Company," increases its capital at once to 1500,000 with right to exte'hd it to fa,ooo,ooo, 



LfgishhM of 1867-68. 



tS 



•uch ipecl- 
M. p. W. 
&c. Di(- 
tender! for 
itractors as 
f out their 
" Member 
■ the remu- 
Thc O. in 
sn for traffic 
It seuion of 
to provide 
F. charged 
d above the 



iMCt of the 
Any [^rton 
[ilitiA Court 
ectaof Her 
on offending 
h aa a felon. 



ithout lawful 
:tione to two 
Arma and 
laJ.P., and 
lud of them 
mmitted, and 
who, in their 
oaea maybe 
e concurrent 
>ffioeri, firam 
peratioM and 



for any of the 

until the lat 

ounttnisned 

arma against 

levy war or 

peace with 

_ with design 

ckm thereof. 

gular gaol or 

Act may ba 



idoonfinns a 
:er Pftterson, 
making them 



thoriseaita 
ition clauaea 
t the charter 
g of the Act 

wiqdingup 



^he company 

Ither charges 

|he cladmton 

I into 6 p. c. 

iUce 



iloan4 1 



I capHalista, 
escott Rail- 
: first dause 
'the general 
ato the Pro' 
ye and com- 



I ta,ooo,ooo, 






and entends its powers to eifable it to construct, acquire, navigate, ftc, stealh-vetMis carrying traflic 
between the ports of Canada and ports on the lakes connected with and on tlie rivers ralliiiK intotlte 
river St. Lawrence, and betwam Canadian ports and ports in Ntwiuundlaad, P. £. Iskud and Ike 
West Indies. 

Part II. 

(PmrHmmtnt tt'tuumUtJ, ptmumnt /# ^M^ummtnt, »n tht \»tk JUmrck, 4md nmt firvngmd ms 

/Ar 9ind May. ) 

C«/. sa.-— This Act continues Parlianeat on the demise of the Crown. 

PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES OF MEMBERS AND PRINTERS OF 
PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. 
C«/. aj— Repeats the enactment of the British America Act respecting the privileges andimmv* 
nities of Senators and Members of the House of Commons, and declares that they must be taken notice 
of by courts without pleading. Printed joumalx are made legal proof. Any person sued orprosecuted 
for any publication may have proceedings stopped by producing a certificate from either Speaker or 
Clerk or either Houssi accompanied by a/Bdavit, to snow that the publication was made by order of 
either Hotisa. Any person sued or prosecuted for publishing an aostract or extract from such pro- 
ceedings may give in evidencn imder the general issue the complete document, and show that suck 
abstract or extract was published bona fid* and without malice, and, if such is the opinion o< the Jury, 
a verdict of not guilty snail be entered, 

AUTHORITY TO SWEAR WITNESSES. 
C^. t4— Authorises the Clerk of thp Senate to swear any person being examined at the Bar of that 
House, and the Chairman or any member of a committee of either House : .< swear any witnesa nut* 
pecting a private bill referred to it. 

INDEPEltDENCE OF PARLIAMENT. 

C»h »5— Is an Act to secure the Independence of Parliament. No person ir tiigible r can sit 
in the House of Commons who holds any office of emolument under the govem:>ientof Canada, except 
Members of the Privy Council or those holding any one of the thirteen offit. ^ now hel ' by Privy \ 
Councillors, except also one commissioner of the Intercolonial Railway and officers of the army, navy, 
or militia,— but stdT officers of militia drawing regular salaries are also disqualified. Contractors with 
H. M. or a department " with respect to the public service of Canada, or under which any pu> ii. 
money of Canada is to ba paid," are disqualified. Their election is null and void. If any of th(-> r 
sit and vote, each Ibr^ts f a,oeo fior each day. Accepting office or a contract, a membe ' vacatea his 
seat, btit if taking one of the 13 cabinet offices, may be re-elected. Members of t? .. ; C. may 
resign and accept a new calnnet office within a month whhont re-election. A member inay nt ugn I^ 
notice in the House or to the Speaker in writing, but not white his seat is bein,^ contssiod or 



Jiable'to be conteated. Vacancies by daatii or aooaptance of office occurring, and Speaker being notified 
in Hooseby one, Vt out of it by two members ki writhig, isaues his warrant. When there is no speaker, 
or he is absent from Canada, or the Soaaker himaalf resign, two members majr issue a warrant for a new 
writ to the C. C. C. After a geiteral election and before Parliament meets, if a member elected die or 
aecepu office, a warrant may issue to the C. C. C. for a new writ . but auch new election doea not 
invalidata the daim of any one to the aaat under the former election. 

Cmp, a6— Dedarea the Members of the P. C, and Members of the Local Govemmenta, and 
Mr. McPooald, Qaeen'a Printer for N. S., duly elected to, and entitled to sit b the H of C, a*4 
indemnified firom all damages for sitting. 

INTERIOR ECONOMY OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. 
C«/. ay.— The Speaker, with four Members of the P.C., being alsoMembers of the H. ofCtoba 
named oy the G. in C, are to be commissioncra for the management of the interior economv of the 
H. of C. The Clerk is to prepare an annual estimate of the sums needed (br members' indemnity, 
stationery and salaries of Speaker, derits and officers, and the Sergeant-at-Arms, of the salaries of 
doorkeepers, inesaengera and servants, and contingencies, to be submitted to the Speaker, and if 
apprtyveO] sent to the M. F. An aatimata for printing shall, in like manner, be prepared, aa4 
submitted by the officer appointed jointly by the two Houses to superi' rnd it ; and tbese are to bo 
laid belbre Partiament with the other eatipiatea of the year. All sums v^>^■.l jn such estimates are to 
be held auUect to the order of the commissioners, to be paid over on i.\' . ier of three of them, the 
Speaker bemg one, and paid out under their directbn by the Accountant, »ho is to be named by the 
Speaker, anti give security to the satisfiKtion of the commiuioneta. Printing moneys to be paid over 
to order of sncn person as the two Houses appoint. Surplus of money voted is repaid to tne R. G. 
In case of dissolution, the former Speaker will act as a commissioner uiitil his successor is elected. In 
case of the death, disability or absence of the Speaker, any three coiiimissioners xsatj act. The Speaker 
may inquire into tbe conduct of any derk, officer or servant of the House, and suspend and report him 
to Uie Governor, if appointed by him, if not, suqiend or remov j him altogether. AU employees are to 
take the oath of allegiance. 

C<v». aS— Coneda a vmrbal error in the Act of the first part of the Session ' ' respecting the Statntea." 

C»p, 39— Continuee aeveral expiring Acta of the late Province of Canada. 

C»p. 30— Givea effect to Cape. 34 and 69 of thia Saasion firom the ist July, 186^ 

SUPPLY. 
C*p. 3t— Is the Supply Bill, which appropriates f7,5os,874 for certain espenaea of the finan- 
cial year 1S67-8, and 17,901,8*$ for the y«sr 1868-9. Sama paid out of the vote of credit of 
$5,000,000, in the former i^ of the Session, to be accounted for as forming part of the sum first above 
named, and the balance to be paid back into the treasurv. The G. in C. is authorised to raise 
$6,000^000 on the credit of the C. R. F., to rank next after the sums to be raised for defence uni!er the 
Act or this Sesabn, and to be in addition to the debta provided for by the B. N. A. Act— to be raised 
by sale of stock, debentures, exchequer bills or bonda, or granting terminable annuitiea. Interact not 
to exceed 6 p. c. 









€4 



LegislaHon 4)f 1867-68. 



W 



. CONSOLIDATED REVENUE FUND. 
Cay. 3a— Is "an Act respecting the C. R. Fund." All duties and revenue over which the Legis- 
latures ofthe late Provinces had, and the Canadian Parliament now has control, form part of the 
fund, subject to charges in the following order: i, a, 3, 4, 5 and 6, as provided by the B. N. A. Act, 
and the (Imperial) " Canada Railway Loan Act, 1867 " ; and 7 to be tne sum of ;£ 1,000,000 stg^ to be 
raised under Cap. 13 ofthe present Session respecting the Intercolonial Railway. The G. in C. may 
make regulations as to the debt and payment of interest, and appoint fiscal agents in London or 
elsewhere and agree with them about compensation. The stipulated grants to the Provinces are made 
a further charge. Accounts are to be kept bv double entry in the dentirtments ofthe R. G. and M. F., 
and an annual statement made up at the end of each financial year showing the state ofthe debt, the 
amount chargeable against each public work, the sute of the C. R. F., and the various trusts and 
special funds, and anything else necessary to show what the liabilities and assets of the Dominion are. 



CIVIL LIST. 

Cap. 33— Provides for the salary of the Governor General and Civil list, &c. The Governor is 
made a corporation sole. The sums in the Schedule are payable without an annual vote. Any Judge 
of the Superior Courts in any ofthe Provinces who has done duty for 15 years, or has become afflicted 
with permanent infirmity, disabling him, may, on resignation, receive two-thirds salary as pension. In 
the Schedules the 13 Mmisters are granted «,ooo each. The Governor General's Secretary is to get 
$3,000 during stay uf present incumbent, afterwards 13,400. In Quebec the Lieut.-Govemor is to 
have |8,oao ; the Chief Ju^t'c^' ^^' ^^^ Q- ^' i>°d Superior Courts $5,000 each. The 4 puisne judges 



i of the S. C, $4,000 each ; 7 of same, $3,aoo ; ^ of same, Sa.&o, 
The Judge of Vice-Admiralty, $a,ooo. In Ontario :— The Lieut- 
Governor the saTnc ; two Chief Justices and Chancellor, $5:Ooo each ; 3 jndges of each of 3 courts, 



of Q. B., $4,000 each ; 7 judges_of the S. C. 
besides travelling allowances. 



$4,000 and travelling expenses ; county judges, $1,800 to $3,600 er.ch, and $300 travelling expenses. 
In Nova Scotia the Lieut.-Govemor is to have $7,000 ; Chief J<'.dtice and Judge in Equity, $4,000 
each ; i Judge of Supreme Court, $3,350 ; j others, 83,300, ar.«J travelling expenses. In New Bruns- 
wick:— The Lieut-Governor, $7,000; Chief Justice and Judge Paiker (during his incumbency), 
$4,000 ; three judges (and, after Judge Parker's decease, 4), $3 3oo ; 5 county judges, $t,8oo to $3,600, 
and $3oo travelling expenses. Pensions are granted to two judges and two former Crown Land (^m- 
missioners of Nova Scotia of $i,300 each, and Indian annuities of $36,664. 

THE CIVIL SERVICE. 
Cap, 34 — Provides for the otganixation of the Civil Service, but does not generally appW to 
what is termed the " Outside Service" (1. «., servants away fi«m the seat of government) of the 
Customs, Post Ofiice, Inland Revenue, and Public Works Departments, which are placed under the 
special supervision ofthe separate departments. The departmental staff consists of four classes, viz. : 
I. Deputy (or permanent non-po)itical) heads. 3. Officers or Chief Clerks. ;. Clerks. 4. Proba- 
tionary Clerks. No one can be appointed to any situation younger than rS, nor older than 35 yeais. 
If an elder person be appointed for special capacity by the head of department, he must first report the 
same to the G. in C. for approval, and the candidate pass a special examination ; and, if over 40, the case 
must further be reported to Parliament. Ministers, may appoint private secretaries, to receiv j not over 
$600, but they do not thereby become members of the civil service, ai^d retire upon the retirement of the 
appointing Minister. All appointments and promotions are made by the G. in C, u|>on recommenda- 
tion of a head of department. A candidate must pass an examination before the Civil Service Board, 
and produce satisfactory evidence as to his age, health, and character. He enters as a probatienarv 
clerk, at $300 per annum. At the end of a year he may be promoted to a clerkship, or he may, with 
an additional $50, be kept for a second year's probation. If then he do not show satisfoctory proof of 
capacity, he must leave the service. Clerks are divided into three classes— 1st, and, and 3rd. The 
third class clerk receives $400, with an increase of ^50 per annum up to $650 ; but he must serve not 
less than 5 years in that class. The second class is divided into two parts— junior and senior. The 
junior commences with $700, and rises by $50 per annum to |^t,ooo, but must serve in that rank 5 
years. The senior begin* with $1,100, with the same annual increase up to $1,400, but is eligible at 
anytime for promotion into the first class. The first class clerk receives, not less than $1,300 per 
annum, with same annual increase up to $1,800. A first class clerk is always eligible for promottoii. 
An officer or chief clerk receives sucli additional salary as may be fixed for their special duties by the 
G. in C. : if he have no special duties, then $400 may be allotted to a first dass clerk, with rank of 
chief clerk. In each department one deputy head is provided for, and two in that of the M. F., via. : 
the Auditor-General and the Dy. Inspector-General. They are appointed by Commission undbr the 
great seal, and are paid such salaries as are fixed by the G. in C. They have, under their pol^ical 
heads, general control of their respective departments. In the absence of a deputy head, an officer or 
chief clerk may be named to supply his place. The G. in C. is to determine the necessary staff of 
the several departments and outside service, as soon ri< may be after the passing of the Act, and their 
several ranks ; and this scheme shall be submitted at the next session of Parliament, and the estimates 
based thereon. Afterwards, no chief clerk or officer shall be appointed or salary granted higher than 
the maximum of a first class clerk, except to fill a -acancy, or upon submis^on to Parliament of an 
estimate therefor, and a vote granted. Whenever the present stuT is larger than is found necessary, 
the permanent staff shall be chosen by ihe head of the department, and the others shall rank as super- 
numerary clerks at their present salaries : and, on a vacancy occurring among them, it shall not be 
filled. Messengers must not be over 35 years of age, must pask an examination, and receive a salary 
not higher tl-=n $300 at first, to increase by $30 per annum to $500, wliich is the maximum. No extra 
clerks are to be cmiiloyed for more than one month, except upon Order in Council, then to receive 
$1. $0 per diem, or, if an expert, not more than $4. Under Order in Council me may be employed for 
6 months. No allowance for extra work can be made. A clerk has no absolute right to an annual 
inovase of salary, which may be withheld by the head of department. . The salaries of present 
laciimbentsaienot to be afiected by this Act. Clerks in one department maybe sent to work to 
another when needed there. Annual leave of absence may be gnmtCKl by the head of department to 
an; derk for not more than three weeks ; or by G. in C. for not more than one year, in special caaea dL 
ilmr«s, &c. The deputy heads constitute a Civil Service Board, of whom < are a quorum, who are to 
frame rules and reguhtions for the service, examine candidate*, keep a resjbter respecting candidates 
and examinations, grant certificates of qualification, investigate claims to promotion, and report yeariy 
to tfte G.inC. And the O. in C. ray at any time itftr any matter mpecliitg the dvu service lo 



Legisiation of 1867-68. 



66 



thtm for investigation. All employees must take the oath of allegiance, and oath faithfully to fulfil 
duties and to accept no compensation for them except regular salary. 

Cap. 35— Provides for the contingencies of the departments. The heating, maintenance, and 
repair of the public buildings at Ottawa is under the care of the P. W. D , and is to be made a separate 
estimate and not one of the contingencies. Deputy hsads must give orders for all contingencies, and 
certify accounts for payment and forward to the accountant of contingencies for payment Before 
payment, latter is to ascertain the correctness of prices. If he is of opinion there is any error in the 
account he submits it to the auditor. The deputy head must report to head, monthly, and the 
accountant submit a monthly report through auditor to Board of Audit. Estimates for each depart- 
ment are to be submitted to Parliament separately, though voted .ts one sum ; separate .illowances 
after vote to be made by the G. in C. The accountant under Civil Service Board has superintendence 
of the buildings except in matters under control of the P. W. U. A stationery office for all the depart- 
ments is to be attached to the department of the M. F. Each deputy head must prepare estimates 
of printing and stationery for each year for M. F., to be by him referred to the Civil Service Board, 
who make up an aggrerate estimate to be laid before Parliament. After vote the G. in C. makes the 
apportionment among the departments. Contracts to be made upon rei- rts of Board. Supplies to be 
procured and furnished and printing done through the agency of the ci>irk of stationery office, who 
reports monthly on each departmeat to the deputy head, and on general account to auditor. The 
auditor firom time to time takes stock of supplies, &c. An annual report is made tu Parliament. Thia 
Act applie*. as well to outside service as to departments at Ottawa. 

Cap. 36 — Piovides that commissions to officers in the public service in Cauada shall not lapse by 
demise of the Crown if continued by proclamation. But such proclamation doevi not limit the preroga- 
tive of the Crown otherwise respecting such officers. The following is the oath of allegiance ordered 
to be taken bv all public officers, (except those mentioned in the B. N. A. Act,) in addition to any 
oath for the due fulfilment of their duties which may be by law prescribed, — " I, A. B., do sincerely 
promise and swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Victoria, 
{or reighinf^ sovtrei^n,) as lawful sovereign of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and 
of this Dominion of Canada, dependant on aiid belonging to the said Kingdom, and that I wiH defend 
Her to the utmost of my power against all traiter jus conspiracies or attempts whatever, which shaM be 
made against Her Person, Crown, or Dignity ; and that I -Till do my utmost endeavour to disclose or 
make known ^ > Her Majesty, Her heirs and successors, i..l treasons or traitorous conspiracies and 
attempts which I shall know to be against Her or any of them : and all this I do swear without any 
equivocation, mental evasion or secret reservation. So help me God." This may be administered vf 
any magistrate or other officer authorized by virtue of his office or special commission. 

Cap. 37 — Provides that all persons appointed on or after ist July, 1867, "to any civil office or 
Employment, or commission in any public department nf the Goveniinent of Canada, or to any office or 
employment of public trust, or wherein he is concerned in the collection, receipt, or disbursement of 
any public money under said Government," must give security within six months to the satisfaction of 
the Governor or head of his department. All appointed hereafter must do so within one month. 
Bonds must be registered with Secretary of State, and then deposited with M. F. within one month. 
Failing in this his commission may be declared void. He must give notice of death, insolvency, or 
removal from the country of any surety within one month, or forfeit half what the surety was liable for. 
If he do not provide new surety in a month he forfeits his appointment. A surety may relieve himself 
from further responsibility within three months after giving notice to his principal and the Secretary. 
The Governor may remit penalty and extend time for renewal for not more than two months. The 
security of the European Assurance Company or other similar company may be accepted if G. in C. 
so order. 

COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY. 
Cap. 38— Authorizes G. in C. to confer authority upon commissioners appointed to inquire into 
public matters, to compel attendance of witnesses with papers and examine them on oath. 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. 
Cap. 39— Creates a " Department of Justice," the Minister to be ex officio Attorney-General, with 
duties and powers such as have been possessed by Attorneys-General in England and these Provinces, 
I relating to the administration of the laws confided to the Government of the Dopiinion. A deputy, 
clerks, &c., are provided for. 

THE MILITIA. 
Cap. 40 — Provides for the Militia, and defence of the Dominion. The command is vested in the 
Queen, to be exercised by her representative. A Department of Militia is constituted, having control 
of all expenditures for militia or defence, with deputy, clerks, &c. The militia consists of all male 
British subjects between t8 and 60, and are to be called out to serve in the following order 
of classes, viz. :— ist class, 18 to 30, unmarried, snd, from 30 to 45, unmarried. 3rd, 18 to 
45, niarried. 4th, 4^ to 60. Widowers without children rank as unmarried ; with them, as 
married. It is also divided into the active and reserve. The active includes the volunteer, the 
regular, and the marine militia. The regular militia are those who voluntarily enlist to serve in the 
same, or men ballotted, or in part of both. The marine militia is made up of persons whose usual 
occupation is on sailing or steam craft navigating the waters of the Dominion. Volunteers are to 
serve for 3 years. Corps now formed may continue under the new law. They are to be assembled L 
before ist January, the terms of the Act explained, and those who have not given notice for discharge 
sworn in anew. New volunteer corps may be accepted. Persons who have served 3 years continu- 
ously, and who apply for discharge on or after the ist October, or have been duly discharged within a 
year previous thereto, after such continuous service for the fiilt term of their enlistment, are exempt 
from ballot for regulars until other classes are exhausted. 6 months' notice for discharge is required. 
The regular and marine militia are to serve for two years, and thence until other men are talcen in 
their stead. Having served two years and been dischaiged, thev cannot again be enrolled until all 
the men of the ist, and, and 3rd classes in their company division have had their turn. Militiamen ia 
the Maritime Provinces who nave completed their term of service during the year ending ist October, 
are in like manner exempt. Nine military divisions are provided for— N. S. to form i, N. B. i. Que 
3, and Ont. 4. H. M. may alter these, and may subdivide into brinde, regimental, and company 
divisions. For each regiment there is to be appointed a lieut.-col. and two majors of reserve militia : 
for each company a captain, lieutenant, and ensign. The company officers are to eurol the militia ea :. 
or before the a8th Feby. nnt, and in Faby, in each subsequent year. Their rolls to be sent to thefii 

- 



■ t 



66 



Legislation of 1867-68. 



hi 
I > I 



lieut.-col., who makes up and sends regimental roll to the Adjutant-General. Enrolment is embodi- 
ment. Judges, clergy, professors, teachers in religious orders, officers of the penitentiary, infirm 
persons, the only son of a widow and her support, are exempt from enrolment. Half-pay and retired 
officers, seafaring men, pilots and apprentice pilots, and teachers, can only be called on to serve in 
■mx. Quakers and Tunkers may be exempted. All exemptions must be claimed and supported by 
affidavit. The active militia to consist of cavalry, field artillery, mounted infantry, engineers, garrison 
artillery, infantry, and naval ard marine corps. Morses may be enrolled. A military train, a medical 
staff, and commissariat, and hospital and ambulance corps may be formed. Every active militiaman 
must sign a roU, and take the oath of allegiance. Volunteer corps may make regulations of their own, 
subject to approval. Each company division must furnish its quota according to the number on the 
rolls. It receives credit for every man volunteering or serving either in it or a contiguous regimental 
division. A volunteer corps disbanded must be replaced by ballot. When enough men do not 
volunteer, or when a vacancy occurs by death or otherwise, a ballot mu3t be resortea to. Not more 
than one son in a family can be taken, unless the numbers enrolled fall short. When a company has 
fhniished more than its quota, it cannot again be called on for its full number till the others have 
furnished as many. A man drawn may be exempted by providing a substitute, or paying ^30 to the 
captain ; but if his substitute is afterwards drawn, he must agaia supply his place. The G. in C. may 
make regulations about enrolment and ballot. Any corps of actual militia may be called out^ on requisi- 
tion of Mayor, Warden, or two J.P., bythe Dep. Adj.-Gen. or Brigade Major of the District, or com- 
manding officer of corps, in aid of the civil pnwer, and receive therefor : — officers, the i:egular pay of army 
officers, and $2 extra per diem for horse ; and privates ti per day, and extra $1 for horse. An Adj.- 
General is to be appointed who has attained the rank of staff officer in the regular army, to have rank 
of colonel, and the military command and control of the discipline of the miUtia ; salary, $3,000 per 
annum. There is to be a Dep. A. G. at head-quarters, with salary of |2,2oo, and one in each military 
district with |i, 200— each to nave rank of lieut.-col. Such other staff officers at such salary as the G. 
in C. may appoint. Officers now holding rank in the militia may be put on the retired list with or 
without a step to those below lieut.-col. None can be called on to serve below his rank. No one can 
be appointed an officer of active militia (except provisionally) without a Military School or Board 
certificate. Officers of the regular army may be exempted from this rule. No higher rank than Jieut.- 
col. can be given in peace, except to the Adj.-Gen. In war, rank may go up as nigh as maj.-general. 
Relative rank of officers the same as in army. Senior officer in uniform to command on parade or 
service, but substantive rank takes precedence of provisional, and army of militia. _ The clothing, arms, 
and accoutrements are to be such as prescribed by H. M. Officers to fumiaji their own — others to last 
for five years. Only to be used on duty. Any damage done to them to be recovered from the captain, 
and by nim_ fi-om men, except fair wear and tear and unavoidable accident. Arms and accoutrements 
to be lef^ in armoury, or in charge of the commanding officer. Militiaman leaving Canada must 
deliver up uniform, arms, and accoutrements in his possession, and take acquittance — otherwise is 
liable for embezzlement. 40,000 active militiamen are to be drilled each year. In regimental 
divisions where there are volunteer corps, regular militia only sufficient sto _ complete quota 
are to be drilled. The drills are not to be less than three hours per day, during not less than 
eight, nor more than sixteen days per annum. Allowance 50 cents per day, 75 cents extra per horse. 
Officers of the Reserve Militia may also be ordered out for drill. Occasional drills without pay are 
provided for. H._ M. may dispense with drills in certain cases and places. Inspections are provided 
for. Provision is made for rifle ranges at or near the head quarters of regimental divisions. 
The G. in C. may, under regulations made in that behalf, aid the erection of driH sheds and armouries. 
Military schools^ may be established and carried on under regulations of the G. in C. H. M. may 
order camps of instruction for military school men. She may sanction rifle and drill associations. 
Provision is made for military instruction in schools or colleges and furnishing arms and accoutrements 
therefor, _ Hie officer commanduig a district may, in any emergency, call out the militia therein for 
service till H, M's. pleasure is known. H. M may call all out in case of war, and may place them 
under the command of the commander of H, M's, regular forces. The period of service m war is one 
year, which may be extended by six months. When called out for actual service they are to receive 
pay of the regular army or such other as the G. in C. may order. (Since fixed at 50 cents for privates, 
and non-cumraissioned officers in proportion, and free rations or an allowance in lieu thereof.) They 
are to be then subject to the Queen's regulations and articles of war — flogging not allowed. Captains 
must keep accurate rolls, and Lt,-Col. or commanding officer of battalion must see that he does so. 
Any militiaman called out for service and not attending for^seven days, may be punished as a deserter, 
Compensa;ion is to be made to men disabled in service and to the families of those killed. The 
G. in C. may make regulations respecting the transport, cantoning, and billeting of militia on service. 
Provision is made for courts of enquiry and courts martial, with powers and modes of procedure like 
those of the regular army. Sentence of death may only be pronounced for " mutiny, desertion to the 
enemy, traitorously delivering up any garrison, fort, post, or guard, or traitorous correspondence with 
the enemy." Any officer who claims pay for drill by men not duly attested or belonging tu his corps 
or includes such person in a parade state, and any non-commissioned officer or private claiming or 
taking pay for dnil not performed with his own corps, is guilty of misdemeanor, and is also liable to 
court martial. Any officer or non-commissioned officer retaining pay of men is guilty of misdemeanor 
and is to be dismissed from tl' - service ; or if he sign a false parade state, roll or pay list, he is punishable 
for misdemeanor and likewise by court martial. Any person refusing to give information required 
under this Act, or giving false information, forfeit-} $30 for each item. Every officer refusing to make 
the roll forfeits #50, and non-commissioned officer $25. Every militiaman refusing to take the oath 
when drafted may be imprisoned for six months, and la months more for each subsequent refusal to 
doso. Personating another person on parade is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of ^100. Persons 
incur a fine of Sio U an officer, and $« i/a private, &c. , for refusing to attend dnll. Of $5 for interrupting 
driU, and may be taken into custody till drill is over ;' of $20 for officer and $10 for private, &c, for 
insolent or disorderly behaviour toward superior officer ; of four dollars for failing to keep arms and 
accoutrements in goiod order ; and of $30 for disposing of any article served out, besides any greater 
punishment which the law may prescribe. Refusing to turn out to aid civil power, I40 for officer, 
no for private, &c Resisting draft or dissuading a militiaman from performance of his duty, Sioo or 
dz months' imprisonment. Penalties are recoverable before a J. P. on complaint of the adjutant- 
Seneral or officer acting for him, against officers, and of officer commanding battalion or company or 
a4intant against men, m the district or county where the offence is committed. Notices or orders need 
, aot be in writing. General orders are sufficiently notified by publication in Camada GoMtttef Regi- 
> flttntal orders by publication in local paper or posting at place of worship or ether public place in each 
oompany division. 



i 



Legislation of 1867-68. 



67 



FORTIFICATIONS. 

Cap. 40— Makes provision for works of fortification and defence. Power is taken to raise 
;£i,ooo,ooo stg. for sucti works under the guarantee of the Imperial Treasury, to rank next after the 
Intercolonial Rai'v ny Loan, and to be expended on works of defence at St. John, N. B,, MontreaJ, 
and places west o ' ^ iontreal. 

SECRETARY OF STATE OF CANADA. 

Cap. 42 — Provides for the establishment of a department of " the Secretary of State of Canada," 
who shall also be Registrar General, and Superintendent of Indian Affairs. It provides that all Indian 
moneys in all the Provinces are to be paid to the R. G.,_&c. _ That no transfer of Indian lands shall 
be valid without the consent of the council of the tribe, i^ven in presence of the Secretary or some one 
deputed by him or the G. in C. to attend. No intoxicating liquors may be introduced or used at such 
meeting. The penalty for selling or giving intoxicating liquors at anytime to an Indian, except in case 
of illness, and then by order of a physician or clergyman, is' $20 for each offence. Things pawned for 
liquor by an Indian may not be kept. Presents from Government are not liable to seizure for debt. 
To be within the Act and hold property with a tribe, a person must be of Indian blood, reputed to 
belong to the tribe, or must reside among them, havmg some Indian blood, or must be a woman 
lawfully married to a person of one of the above classes, or be the offspring issue of such marriage, or 
descendants of such offspring. None but such persons may settle on Indian lands, and unauthorized 
persons may be removed by warrant from the Secretai^ or his agent, and may be arrested and 
imprisoned if they return. The road work on such lands is to be performed under the orders of the 
Secretary. Persons cutting timber or removing stone from Indian lands, without license from the 
Secretary or his agent, incur a penalty of %x if the thing removed be under the value of $1 ; if over, $20. 
The Secretary is to act for Indians in oDtaining compensation for land taken or damage done by a 
railway or public work. The G. in C. may authorize surveys, and may make regulations about the 
protection and management of Indian lands and the timber on them, imposing fines for breach of them. 
The Secretary also nas _ the management of the Ordnance lands and of any other Crown lands 
belonging to the Dominion and not under the control of the Public Works. The Governor may 
appoint agents to carry out the Act. The G. in C. may assign any part of these duties of the 
Secretary to any other member of the Privy Council. 

CUSTOMS DEPARTMENT. 

Cap, 43— Creates a Department^ of Customs, with a Minister, and a Commissioner as his Deputy, 
and Asst. Commissioner. It authorizes a board of examiners and special examinations for those to be 
employed in the department. Among other duties the officers of Customs are to collect canal tolls. 

Cap. 44 — Imposes duties of Customs. See Tariff, elsewhere. 

THE CURRENCY AND DOMINION NOTES. 

Cap. 45 — Is "An Act respecting the Currency." If the congress of the United States adopt the 
basis of the International Mone'-'ry Conference making the American half eagle equal to the French 
23 franc piece, then by proclamation of the G. in C. the same currency will be adopted here. The £,\ 
stg. is to be worth $^.04^ in our currency, and our currency, to be in pounds, shillings and pence, or 
dollars, cents and mills,_ shall be proportionate thereto. The pound currency to be 89.601 grains of 
pure, gold, or9j.747 grains according to the established fineness of British coins. The British silver 
crown to pass tor Si. 25, the florin for 50 cts., the shilling 25 cts., and others in same proportion, and be a 
legal fender up to $10. The U. S. half eagle and French 25 francs to be legal tender for 85 each. The 
Governor may also make American silver coins a tender for £10. Sums due under old contracts to 
be paid by equivalents in new currency. The currency for the whole Dominion, for all public purposes, 
until such change takes place, shall be that of the late Provinces of Canada and New Brunswick, 
but not to be put in force respecting duties and penalties under the Inland Revenue Act in Nova 
Scotia till ist July, 1868. The Governor may, by proclamation, make silver coins of the United 
States or of foreign countries legal tender in Quebec, Ontario, and New Brunswick. 

Cap. 46 — Enables banks to use Dominion Notes instead of issuing notes of their own. On the 
surrendei' of their right to issue, they are to receive from the Government s p. c» jper annum upon their 
outstanding circulation on the 30th April, 1866, for banks then incorporated in Quebec and Ontario, 
and such sum as the Government may arrange for banks in the other Provinces or since incorpontted, 
and half the cost of their unissued notes. The surrender may be immediate or gradual. Debentures 
or other Government securities now held by such banks to be received in exchange for Dominion Notes. 
Afler such hrrangement is completed, banks are no longer bound to hold Government securities. 
Weekly returns are to be made of the old notes withdrawm from circulation, and compensation 
to be made half yearly on the basis of such returns. Banks may resume the issue of tneir own 
notes on givlbg three months' notice. Authority is given to use Provincial (Canada) Notes as 
Dominion Motes under this Act, and re-issue them or cause new Dominion Notes to be prepared. 
They are to be redeemable in specie at Montreal, 'I'oronto, Halifax, and St. Johu.. Those made 
payable at Halifiix to represent Nova Scotia currency. They are a legal tender, except at the offices 
where they are redeemable. Branches of the R. G s. office may be opened in each of^ those cities, or 
arrangement made with banks at 1 p. c. per quarter on average amount in circulation. Up to 
£5,000,000 30 p. c. specie is to be held; for any excess, 25 p. c. Three commissoners are to be appomted 
tor Ontario, three for Quebec, and two for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, to examine and report 
monthly how many notes are out from each office and how much is held in specie and secunties 
against them. 

Cap. |7— Makes it illegal for any one to import or manufatture aiw copper coin, except that of the 
Unitea Kingdom or such as is alrea^ authorized by law, in any of the Provinces, under a penalty of $30 
for every lb. Troy, and forfeiture. Proceedings may be taken before two J. P., or customs officers may 
seize the coin. The penalty for uttering or tendering such coin is forfeiture of double the amount, and 
may be recovered before one J. P. 

Cap. 48— la the Act respecting Insurance Companies, which see under the head " Insurance." 



INLAND REVENUE DEPARTMENT. 



over 
timber, 




examinations for officers of this department is provided for. The deputy head is styled " Comniis' 



sioner.' 



Caps. 50 and 51.— See heading " Excise." 



68 



legislation ^1867-68. 



I ■ •; 



\».',' 



■«s 



Cafi, sa— Exempts from penalty persons in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, who, up to the 
aand May last, had failed to use the necessary stamps for bills or notes. 

DEPARTMEI«tT OF AGRICULTURE. 

Ca/. ^3— Organizes ",the Department of Agriculture," giving it jursdiction over Agriculture, 
Inimigration and Emigration, I'ublic Health and Quarantine, the Marine and Emigrant Hospital, 
Quebec Arts and Manufactures, the Census and Statistics, Patents, Copyright, Industrial Designs 
and Tride Marks. 

COPYRIGHTS. 

Cap 54— Respects Copyrights. The M. of A. must keep a " register of copyrights." He is to 
make rules with the approval of the G. in C, respecting the necessary formalities for securing copy- 
right. . Any person resident in Canada, or any British subject resident in the United Kingdom, may 
take a copyright for any publication, painting, drawing, statuary or sculpture, or photograph, or 
mgraved or etched design, giving exclus ve right to print, publish and sell such works for 38 years. 
The widow or children of the autnor m.i/ procure a renewal or extension for 14 years. Two copies of 
anjr printed work are to be deposited with tne Minister, or a written description of a painting, drawing, or 
a piece of statuary or sculpture. One dollar is to be paid for the registration. One copy of the pubTica- 
tion deposited is to be sent to the library of Parliament. Notice of copyright must be printed on all 
pnnted works, and the signature of t'le artist affixed to paintings, drawings, statuary and sculpture. 
The publication of such work miw, t.-.ke place in Canada. Infringing copyright of books, Sc, is 
P"n>?hai>le by forfeiture of copies, and any plate used for its reproductioi\ and $a per copy fine. A work 
published m parts in a newspaprv or other periodical may be registered and copyright secured. 
Any person printing, publishing <« sellir ' a work without consent of the author, being a resident of 
Canada or a British subject resident i:. Britain, shall be liable in damages. Falsely pretending to 
have copyright is punishable by a rne of |6o. 

TRADE MARKS, &c. 
^«A SS— I* " An Act respecting; Trade Marks and Industrial Designs." It provides that the 
M. of A. shall keep a register in which any proprietor may have registered a trade mark or design. 
He must deposit a drawing of it, with a written description in duplicate, and a declaration that the 
same is not in use to his knowledge. The M. of A., after examination, returns a duplicate, with 
certificate of registration. He may make further regulations. Trade marks are assignable, but trans- 
A T*' ^ recorded. They may be cancelled. Confliciing claims are to be decided by the M. of A., 
aftei* hearing the parties and witnesses. The use or registration of another person's trade mark is pun- 
ishable by a fine of $10 to $100. The use of the trade marks of non-residents is punishable by a 
penalty of from ^10 to $$0. The use of a close imitation with intention to deceive is a use of the mark. 
Besides the enforcement of the penalty the proprietor has his action of damages. Cnpyright for a 
design IS secured for five years by registration. It must be registered before publication, and the 
artides manufactured must bear the proprietor's name or the letters "Rd." with the date of rejpstra- 
tration. The author of the design, or the person for whom it has been made for valuable considera- 
tion, is the proprietor entitled to register it. Designs are assignable ; transfers are to be registered 
with M. of A. Penalty for use of a registered design without license ^30 to $130, and the party using 
is further liable in damages. Placing the word " Registered," or letters, " Rd.," 01 an -tide the 
design of which •'^ not registered, or the copyright of which has expired, is punishable by a fine of ^4 
to $yt. If any person not the lawful proprietor registers a design, he may be proceeded against in the 
courts, and the true proprietor declared to be so. On such judgment the M. of A. alters the registra- 
tion. The use may be stopped pending the action. This applies only to persons resident and articles 
manu&ctured in Canada. The fees are :— On application, I5 ;'certincate of registration, $1 ; record- 
ing assignment, $a. 

DUTY ON BRITISH COPYRIGHT WORKS. 
Cap. 56— Declares that the duty on reprints of English copyright works was not repealed by the 
last Customs Act. Power is given to the G. in C. to impose any duty not exceeding 30 p. c. on such 
works after this Act is prodaimed as ic force : meantime old duties are to be collected. 

MARINE AND FISHERIES. 

Cap. 57— Const/'tutes a department of Marine and Fisheries, with a Minister, and a Deputy haying 
the title of Secretary ; to have the administration of the laws respecting sea, coast, or inland fisheries ; 
trinity houses and boards of pilots, pilotage, &c. ; beacons, buoys, lights, &c. ; harbours, ports, &c. ; 
and steamers and vessels (other than vessels of war) belonging to the government ; harbour commis- 
sioners and masters ; classification of vessels, examinations and certificates of masters, mates, &c. ; 
shipping masters and offices ; inspection of steamboats; enquiries into wrecks; marine and seamen's 
hospitals, " and generally such matters as refer to the marine and navigation of Canada." 

Cap. 58 — Enacts the use of the English regulations for the prevention of colli^^ions between vessels 
in Canadian waters. They are the same as have been in force' in the Province or Canada since 1864. 
No other lights are to be carried but those hereinafter mentioned ;— Steamships underway a bright 
white light at foremost head ; on the starboard side a green light ; on the jort side a red light. When 
towing other vessels or rafts, 3 bright white mast-head lights vertically— side Ights as above. Sailing 
ships upder weigh or being towed, same side lights. On small vessels in bad weather, when side lights 
cannot be kept outside, they are to be kept hghted and ready for use on the approach of a vessel 
Vessels at anchor, a white light not more than 30 ft. above hull. Pilot vessels, white mast-head light 
and a flare-up light every 15 minutes. Open fishing boat.'^, a lantern with a green slide on one side 
and red on the other. In fogs steamers are to use whistles, sailing vessels horns, and vessels at anchor 
bells. Vessels meeting both put their helms aport. In crossing each other, the vessel with the wind 
on the port side, or being itself to windward, shall keep out of the way of the other : one going free out 
of the way of the one close hauled. The steamship, hiving the other on the starboard, to keep out of 
the way; a steamship always out of a sailing ship's way. Rafts are to keep a bright light bu-ning 
from sunset to sunrise. Vessels going into or leaving Sorel to take the port side, subject to previous 
provisions respecting meeting. Trinity Houses may make rules and by-laws not inconsistent with this 
Act. Any one infringing rules in Act forfeits |3o to f 303, and is liable for all damages caused. 
Penalties are recoverable before a J. P. Inspectors of Steamboats must see that vessels inspected 
have the proper lights ; otherwise to refuse certificate. Foreign snips while in Canadian waters are 
subject to these rules. A master of vessel not rendering all assisUnce possible to one with which he 
has come into collision is deemed guilty of causing the collision. When accidents occur without the 
actual fault or privity of the owners of vessels, tltey are not answerable for loss of life or personal 
'injury, or damage or loss to goods or merchandise on such ship or any other, over an aggregat* Of 



Lcsnslatton of 1867-68. 



69 



who, up to the 



I38.9J per ton of such ship. No owner or master is responsible for loss through the &ult or incapacity 
of a pilot where his employment is compulsory by law. * 

C<s/.,5^Provides that light-houses and lights belonging to any of tb Provinces are vested in 
the Dominion, and placed under control of the Minister of Marine, &c. ; and he may direct, under 
authority of the G, in C, new lights, buoys, and beacons to be placed where needed, and maintain 
former lights, buoys, beacons, &r. To remove any of these is a misdemeanor. Penalties may be 
recoverea by any officer of the department or person aggrieved, before a stipendiary or police 
ma^strate, judge of sessions, or two J. P. The G. in C. is to appoint superintendents, keepers, ftc, 
and Minister to make regulations to catT]r Act into effect. Contracts to be given by tender, except in 
cases of pressing emereency. Nothing in the Act is to interfere with the functions of the Trinity 
Houses of Montreal and Quebec ; but they are to report to Minister from time to time, and be subject 
to his instructions. Inconsistent portions of Nova Scotia Acts, referring to Sable Island and the Seal 
and Mud Islands, and to St. Paul and Scattarie Islands, are repealed. Persons found residing on 
Sable or St. Paul's Island, without the license of the Minister, may be arrested and removed to 
Halifax, and committed to gaol for six months. Goods found stranded there are to be removed to 
Halifax and sold for the benefit of owners, subject to salvage to the establishment on the island. The 
Minister may make rules for government of these islands. 

Cap. 60. — The Governor is authorised to appoint fishery officers, to act under regulations of the 
department, and to be invested with magisterial powers as J. P. Where exclusive right of fishery 
does not now exist. Minister may issue leases ; but if for more than 9 years, it must be done under 
authority of an Order in Council. Any British subject may use vacant public property such as is by 
law common and accessory to public rights of fishery and navigation, for landing, salting, and curing 
fish, and may cut wood there for thnt purpose, and take bait there. The first possessor to keep the 
same until h: has abandoned it for a year. A new occupier to pay for flakes, stages, or buildings 
erected, subject to rights created by licenses and leases. A codfish seine must have meshes not less 
than 4 inches in extension in the arms, and 3 inches in the bunt or bottom. Whales, seals, and porpoises 
are not to be hunted with shellsor explosive missiles, under a penalty not exceeding I300, or imprison- 
irent firom 3 to 6 months. Sedentary seal fisheries are not to be interfered with in the season. 
Penalty (maximum) f6o or i month for non-payment, and liability for damage. Disputes between 
claimants to limits may be decided summarily by a fishery officer. Salmon are not to be killed 
in Ontario and Quebec, and in the Restigouche, between the 31st July and the ist May ; in New 
Brunswick 15th August and ist March; but fly surface-fishing is extended fi-om 30th April to 
31st August tor Ontario and Quebec, and firom ist March to 15th September for New Brunswick. 
In N. S., according to laws already in force. Foul salmon, fry, parr, smelt or grilse less than 3 lbs., 
shall not be caught er killed. If accidentally caueh>, such grilse to be set free. Salmon nets must 
have meshes 5 inches in extension. Except in N. B. and N. S. ^ nets or apparatus for salmon are to be 
confined to tidal waters, except in the lakes or by special license in streams. The Minister is to define 
the boundary of estuary fishing. The penalty for fishing above, except with rod and line is |ioo max. or 
two months imprisonment. Nets or other lawful appliances must oe 250 yards apart, (and hshing 
officer may prescribe a further distance,) and g^ll or float nets may not be used to lengthen or enlarge 
such fishery. Salmon shall not be caught within 200 yards of the mouth of a spawning river, nor 
except by ny-surface-fishing at a pass or ictn. Salmon spawn or roe is not to be disturbed, except for 
the purposes ofthis Act. Trout or lunge are not *'o be taken between the 1st of October and the ist of 
January, then only by angling in other than tidal waters in N. S., N. B., or Que., nor speckled trout 
otherwise in Ont. Fish taken for bait are excepted. White-fish may not be taken between the 19th 
November and ist December, nor with seines between the 30th May and ist August in Ont., or the 
31st July and ist December in Que., nor the fry at any time destroyed. Gill nets 'or white-fish or 
salmon-trout must have 5 inch .mesher, and roust not be set within two miles of a il .ining ground ; 
seines for white fishes, 4 inch meshes. Close-seasons for bass, pike, pickerel, maskinonge, and other 
fish to be prescribed by the G. in C. Persons having in their possession fish caught out of season 
forfeit them, it being the duty of any customs, oi excise, or police officer, or constable, or market clerk 
tqconfir -atethem, and report to fishery officer. Fishwaysmustbe constructed where ordered by fishery 



officers, over dams, slidca, or other ob^jCructions by the owners, to be kept open and supplied with 
sufficient water. If a persou fish witliic another's limits, he incurs a penalty of #100 or two months' 




apparatus, and boats or vessels must not wantonly injure nsnenes. une-inira ot ti.e channel ot any 
stream must be let free, and two-thirds at low water of a tidal stream <rom any apparatus, except eel 
wei.s. Stakes and other timber to be removed within 48 hours of last use for season. No nets or 
other device shall wholly obstruct the main channel of any stream, and fish are not to be caught at 
fishways or miU dams or mill heads. Bag-nets, trap-nets or fish-pounds may not be used except under 
special license, and for other deep -sea fish than salmon. Spearing is forbidden except to Indians licensed. 
Seines for bar-fish miist have 3 inch meshes. A box trap in a tascine fishery must have a wire covering 
or network with meshes i inch square. No nets or apparatus may be used in small rivers so as to 
impede or divert the course of fish. Fish must be allowed free course throdgh fixed apparatus from 
6 o'clock on Saturday night until 6 on Monday morning. Any persons throwing deleterious matter into 
a river or other water upon or near a fishing ground, incurs fioo penalty or two months' imprison- 
ment Ballast, coal ashe-s, stores, fish offal, decayed or decaying fish, lime, chemical substances or 
drugs, poisonous matter, sawdust, or mill rubbish, are among the things enumerated. Rivers may be 
exempted by the Minister from this enactment. Kindling fires and allowing them to spread over 
more than an arpent, at any place north of the St. Lawrence, and east and north of the Saguenay, or 
on islands east of Red Island, incurs a penalty of (50 and damages. The Minister may set apart and 
lease wateis for the propagation of fish, ^ny one trespassing on these incurs a penalty of |}oo or 
four months' imprisonment. He may issue licenses to take spawn for breeding or scientific purposes. 
He may lease oyster beds, and_ expend any Parliamentary grant for that purpose in creating and 
stocking oyster beds. Any one iniuring them incurs a penalty of from ^40 to $100, with forfeiture of 
vessel, &c. Contraventions of this Act, for which punishment is not otherwise provided, render the 
offender liable to a fine of $30 or imprisonment in deiault. All apparatus used by him may be seised 
and confiscated. Persons aggrieved may appeal to the Minister from Fishery Officers or Justices. 
Any fishery officer or J. P. may convict an offender on view, and may search or grant a warrant to 
seardi for nsh caught or .a>paratus used. Fishery officers in discharge of their duty may pass over 
private i>roperty. Any officer of the R. N. on a Canadian vessel, or on one of Her Majesty's ships 
engaged in protecting the fisheries, has magisterial powers to enforce this Act. An offender may be 
confined on a vessel till he can be conveyed to a place where he can be placed in charge of a sheriff or 



tgKslation of 1867 -68. 






a g»oler. Tf^: G. in C. may make regulations even v^'ying and extending the Act, for tite belter 
mana^fi-umt ;'nd regulations of the fisheries, &c. 

L.if>, 61 — ProviUes for the issue of licenses to foreij^n vessels, enabling; them to fish in British 
waters within thr; ; ' liles of the coast Any vessels in a harbour or found hovering, may be boarded by 
any siHcer of the ><. N. in a ship on the station, or any stipendiary magistrate or fishing officer on a 
Ciwadian vessel, who may stay on board so long as the vessel remams in Canadian waters. If found 
still hovering, arer having received a i. inurs' notice to depart, such officer may deal with the vessel as 
a customs officer uiay ilo under :i::.ila/ > rrumstances; andif it be found that she has been engaged in 
fi-<hing within thi.- prohibited limits wiil.out a license, she is forfeited, together with her cargo and 
•tores. She majr bie seized by such offi'^<r, and any one opposing or obstructing him in the discharge 
of his duty, forfeits fSoo, and is liable to imprisonment for a years. The vessel afler seizure is to be 
placed in the custody of a collector or piincipal officer of customs at the port, or of another person 
named by the court or the G. in C. Tiie^e seizures are to be prosecuted to condemnation in a court 
of vice-admiraitv, or, if the vessel be seized in inland waters, m one of the courts of law. Half the 
proceeds of such seizure (after deducting expenses) jgoes to seizing officer, and half to crown. No 
claim can be entered without giving security. On giving sufficient security, the cUiiuKivit nny regain 
possession by order of the court, pending the proceedings. Similar protection i^ hiven to \\v odiccrs 
as to customs officers, i.> jase of mistake:! '.n the discharge of duty. 

IVARBOUR POLICE. 
Cup. 6a;— Provides for harbor pclict: A duty of 3 cents per ton is ordereif !o i,>r r-y'-^iA on every 
vessel entering at the Port of Quebec c<r Montreal. Vessels under 100 tons to pay but oi>re in the 
year ; over 100 not more than Cwice. No clearance to be granted unt\! duty is p.^'l. A ,'i .» ' i Ic v -,g 
before paying forfeits ^aoo. _ Th^ moneys to be applied, untl,°.r the r"7,iilations >! Jie (j. .u C, tiniitir 
superintendence of the Minister of Marine, &c., to 1; ':«ping up harbor police. The G. in C. may 
extend the duty and Act to other ports. The dues are to d< u.tcountea Tor quarter)/. 

qttArantin):;. 

Cap,. 63 — Gives the G. in C. power 10 make all neccsi.'.y regulatio^is -jr the enforcement of 
quarantine and preservation of the public heaUh. Such re.'^'.tL:tiuns have the power of law. and their 
infriogement is a misdemeanor, punishable by f.ne or imprisonment, or both, as the (.;ou\t may <1irtct. 
.\. meilical officer is tobe appointed at Quebec. Penalties and foiiti'iires fo- breach of qua.-iiiUiue | 
rejj'ilations are a special lien upon the vessvil concerned. In times of epiicmir, or apprelicnde'] 
epidemic, the G. in C. may make further special ir ;uiations hu'.'ii g the saiiii! force, and \yi.y nppcint } 
o'itt or more central boards ol' heailb, and order the appointment of local bo.nds "n eatU aiuui" lity ; 
and .'oiy one obstructing a health officer in enforcing the r^ulations inc>!< s a vx:nalty of ,^.-0, or 1 c .y»' 
imprMOivment. 

HOSPITALS FOR SICK MARINERS. 

Cap. 64 — AutJi'-i'ies the O. in C;. to designat : hospitals receiving aid from Canada as hospitals 
for sick mariners ; a ' '•. -.'.ith ti'B rf.nsent of he governing body, hospitals rot receiving aid. a cts. per 
ton duty_ shall belevKiJ ly shi ».,»ilectfirof Ciistoms for tlieir supporc and maiii'.enance from al} vessels 
arriving in any pott in N. S., N U , 't Que. The rules for enforcing duties, how often, accounting, &c., 
the same as ibr harbour !'.,!■( ', flues. Masters may have the right, by wrii ;cii order approved by the 
Collector, to send any sick ;jt .I'-abled niaviner to such hospital, where he shall receive gratuitous attend- 
ance. When the 1; ospit.il 's not exclus! .''-ly for that purpose, reasonable comp(>n3ation is to be paidby 
the R. G. out of nind. It' iliere be no such hosnital in a port, the Collector is to make provision for sick 
a;:d disabled saitor;., and receive payment fronl the fund. The funds may also I'C usedfor the relief of 
ship-wrecked and distiassiHi mariners. Subject to the approval of the G. in C. , t ii.'! Minister of Marlqe, 
&c., has charge of all such hospitals, &c. All hospitals devoted exclusively to thn treatment of sailors 
are vested in the crown and placed under the Minister's control. 

STEAMBOAT INSPECTION. 

Cap.6t, Authorizes the appointment of Steamboat Inspectors where deemed necessaiy by the 

G. In C. They shall form a board, 3 to be a quorum. No one may be appointed after ist January, 
1869, without passing an examination before the board. He must not be interested in the manufac- 
ture of steamboat boilers or machinery, and must take an oath to fulfil his dutjr. The board may tp ike 
regulations, subject to approval by the G. in C. The chairman may order an inquiry into the conduct 
of an inspector accused or suspected uf neglect of duty. The Governor may order inquiry into fatal 
accidents. The master or owner of every steamboat must have her inspected once in every year, and 
h\c a duplicate of certificate with the Collector of Customs ; the other to be posted up in some conspi- 
C'Knis place on the steamer. Penalty for neglect S400, The boilers, whenever an inspector shall 
deeut it neces?r.:7,_ zxiA at least once a year, shall be subject to hydrostatic pressure not exceeding 150 
lbs. to the square inch, and otherwise tested. The working pressure is to be not more than two-tnirds 
of the test, to be fixed by the inspector, and the valves are not to be loaded beyond the limit so fixed. 
No boiler shall be made of unstamped or unmarked plates, or certificate granted therefor. The owner, 
master, or engineer of a steamboat refusing to answer ut giving incorrect answers to questions of (he 
inspector, incurs a penalty of 1^40. Inspectors on duty are to be earned free of expense. The master 
or owner or engineer must report to the inspector any occurrence which has ini>.ired, strained or weak- 
ened the vessel or machinery, at the next port, and for neglect incurs a penalty of S200 per day. A 
steam-gauge attached to the engine and placed in a conspicuous and accessible place, to be approved 
by the inspector. For neglect of this, or tampering with the gauge, or allowing the pressure of steam 
to go above the fixed limit, the penalty Is $300. The valve must be opened aiid pressure reduced to 5 to 
10 lbs. below limit when vessel stops, under the same penalty for neglect, Water gauges must also be pro- 
vided, and in salt or brackish water surface blow-off valves. Passenger steamers with cradensing engmes 
to have a bilge injection valve. The inspector may lock up safety valve, and keep exclusive control of 
it. Every passenger steamer of 100 tons or more, going by sea, or fi-om any place on Lakes 
Memphremagog, Ontario, Erie, Huron, Simcoe, or Superior, or on the River St. Lawrence or Ottawa, 
must have a metallic life-boat, with life lines, capable of sustaining within and without at least ^o 
persons. No steamboat is to leave any such port without good boats, at least 17 feet long, with six 
oars, and capable of carrying 12 persons besides the crew— one, for vessels of 50 tons and under ; 2 for 
vessels between 50 and 100 tons ; 3 besides the life-boat for those between 100 and 300 tons ; 3 besides 
life-boat for 300 tons .\nd upwards. There must also be carried one life-preserver for each passenger, 
and on vessels less than 300 tons, 3 for each 5 tons. A vessel of 300 tons, 300 life-preservers. On 
other waters 100 per 300 tons, and smaller vessels at least 50. Also 35 buckets, 5 axes, and 6 lanterns. 
On other inland waters 3 good boats to be carried with 4 oars each, to carry 13 persons besides the 
crew. On the St. John River, above Fredericton, for vessels of less than 50 tons, one such boat ; but 



Legislation of i867-'»8. 



:t, for the better 



hete provuiont do not apply to tugs or ferry steamers nM on the St. Lav^nrence. Suitable and safe 
proviaion u also to be mad* against fire, and combustible materials to be isoUled. Passenger steamens 
to have 3 double actwg forcing-pumps, and hose to each at least two-thirds of the length of the 
steamer, to be kept always in perfect order. For small steamers, i or a of the 3 may be dispenred 
with. All over 60 tons must have a steam forcing-pum i, which may be worked apart from the main 
engme. A copy of this Act, and a printed list of the apparatus on board, are to be kept accessible to 
passengera. An engineer must pass an examination before the board, paying I5 for his certificate or 
license for one year, if he pass ; but it may be revoked for negligence, unskilFulness, drunkenness, or 
other suffiaent cause. Engineer^ are divided bto 6 classes— ist, and, and 3rd. and . nt, and, and 3id 
assutants. ist cla9s to be fit to take charge of any steam vessel ; and class of any otuei than a sea- 
going steamer of over 300 tons ; 3rd class of any passenger steamer of less than ico tons, except on the 
lakes above specified, and of any freight or tug steamer, ist class assistant a steamer less than jo 
tons, except on the lakes. A single inspector may grant a temporary certificate for 60 days. No 




--".— —■ -- —I ">• •"^7, -7 wiuti. ail v,>iuii..ii, luiuiu iia luiiuiuK. II 11 uc iiiereauer run, 11 M 
torteited, and may be seized and sold by the collector like articles forfeited fcr non-payment of duty. 
The G. in C. may regulate the number of passengers to be carried by steamboats. He may 
impose a duty not exceeding 10 cents per ton on all steamers, and order payment of an inspection 
«* of Is on vessels of loo tons or under, and of ^8 on larger, for each inspection required by law. 
The collector may also seize and sell a vessel which has not been inspected, or whose owner hjM 
not paid the duty, unless the duty and pena'.ty are paid over. And an inspector may withhold his 
ceittficate from a vessel on which the duty has not been paid, and report that and any defect to the 
col'ecto''- An engineer may appeal from an inspector's decision to the board, and from the board to 
the G. in C. For every contraventio.; '>f this Act or of order in Council, the owner or master incurs a 
penalty of S40 to $300 for each trip. The inspector may detain the vessel, and the collector refuse 
clearance. Penalties may be recovered before a stipendiary magistrate or two J. P. The board may 
require vessels and steamers of more than 60 tons on certain waters to carry masts and sails. The Act 
does not apply to vessels belonging ti. Her Majesty, to vessels registered in Britain, or foreign vessels; 
but the G. in C. may subject such ve..sels carrying mails, passengers, or troops to its provisions. 
Passenger steamers must have secure gang boardH put out at any wharf or landing place, and steamer 
and wharf owner must display lights at night, or incur a penalty of vso and all damages. 

NATURALIZATION OF ALIENS. 
Cap, 66 — Providesfor the naturalization of aliens. Allaliens naturalized in either of the Provincet 
are declared naturalized in all. A foreign-born woman becomes naturalized by marriage with, a 
subject Other aliens must have continuously resided in the Dominion for three years, must swear to 
the fact, and must take the oath of allegiance prescribed before a judge, commissioner or J. P., who 
shall grant a certificate on being fully satisfied respectmg the residence of the applicant for the three 
years and of his good character. Such certificate shall be presented to the quarter sessions or recorder 
m Ont.,_ the circuit court in Que., the supreme court in N. S., and the supreme or county court in 
N. _B., in open court on the first day of some general sitting when it shall be openly read. And if 
during such session the facts set fortli in the certifiaate are not controverted or other objection taken, 
then on the last day of the sitting the certificate is fyled of record, and the peison is naturalized. The 
court then grants a certificate of naturalization, a copy of which may be registered at the registry 
office. Aliens now entitled to naturalization under previous Acts may also be naturalized. The fee 
for proceedings in court is 25 cents, and for registration the same. Privileges of naturalization under 
this Act are subject to the provisions of the Imperial Act, 10 and 11 Vic, cap. 83. 

■ GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 
Cap, 67 — Provides for the geological survey. The sum of $20,000 per annum for 5 years is 
provided, and thi Governor authorized to employ competent persons to direct and carry on the survey, 
and distribute its reports and publications. The director must cause permanent in.irks in sumu public 
buildings, or others of a durable description, to be made at several convenient stations, nnd fix nccu- 
nitely the latitude and longitude. Railway and canal companies must furnish copies of their plana 
and sections of survey. 

RAILWAYS. 
Cap. 68 — Is " An Act respecting Railways." The first part of the Act is made to form part of 
every special Act of incorporation of a railway, unless any of its provisions are specially excepted or 
excluded by such special Act. Each company is a body corporate, with all powers necessary 
for the construction, working, or maintenance of the railway it is authorized to build, and for the 
acquisition of property by gift, purchase, or expropriation of lands or other property, (lands of the 
Crown can only be taken by leave of the Governor in Council ; or any part of^ a military or naval 
reserve after leave of Her Majesty, upon a report of the proper officers ) ; with right to cr.rry the railway 
across the lands of corporations and ethers, and across and along streams (but not to impair their useful- 
ness) ; to complete a railway with one or more tracks, and work it by steam or other mechanical power, 
or animals ; to erect necessary buildings and wharves ; to construct branch railways mentioned in the 
special Act ; to convey persons and goods, and levy tolls and compensation for the same ; to borrow 
tne necessary monev to complete, maintain, and work the railway, at a rate not exceeding 3 p c, and 
to issue bonds or debentures for its repayment, and hypothecate the property or revenues for such 
repayment (debentures not to be less than |ioo) ; to enter upon lands and make surveys, and to cut 
down the trees for six rods on either side of the railway ; to cross or unite with any other railway in 
such manner as shall be approved by the railway committee. A railway company may at any time 
construct a branch six miles in length, if authorized by the municipal council, but cannot expropriate 
lands for it. It may change its line at any time to lessen a curve or grade, or secure any public a :1 vantage. 
The original capital stock may be increased by a vote of two-thirds in amount of the shareholders, at a 
special meeting called for that purpose. Surveys, levels, and plans shall be made, and a map and book 
of reference, shewing the route, the lands to be passed over and taken therefor, and the uames of the 
owners and occupiers thereo'', and everything necessary to understand the work. The mitp and book 
are to be examined and certified by the M. P. W. or his deputy, and deposited in the department, 
and copies are to be deposited in the office of the clerks of peace in the counties or districts through 
which it passes. Errors may be rectified after giving 10 days' notice to proprietors or occupiers 
interested! on application to two J. P. for that purpose, and the certificate of the J. P. shall be depo- 
sited with the clerks of the peace. Alterations from the original plan and survey, when approved of 



72 



Lepslation qfiSSj'-CS. 



If : 



11 • 




by Parliament, shall be in the same manner deposited as the original plan. Until the map and book | 
are deposited, the construction of the railway cannot be lirocucJed with. Parties interested are tc 
have free access to plans, &c., in clerks' offices. Copies certified by clerks are good evidence. No 
deviation of more than a mile is allowed. A map and profilo of the railway, when complete, ard of 
the lands taken, are to be deposited in the P. W. O., nnd filed in the registry offices, unoer a 
penalty of f aoo for each month of neglect. It is to br executed according to mstructions of the M. 
P. W, Not more than 33 yards in width of land shall be taken without the leave of the proprietor, 
except in cuttings or embankments of more than 5 feet, or at stations or sidings, and in the last cases 
not more than 350 yds. by 150 yds. No greater quantity of any public beach shall be taken. Persons 
who cannot sell or alienate lands otherwise, may do so to a company, respecting lands actually 
nquired for the railway. Bargains for lands before deposit of map and book hold good for i year, 
though they have changed hands meantime. Corporations or persons who in common course of law 
cannot seU, may agree upon an annual rent. A proprietor par iMdivit or in common, owning at least 
one-third of the property, may bind his co-proprietors. One month after deposit of the map, &c., the 
company may demand possession of the lands. When they cannot agree as 'o price, &c., the com- 
pany serves each party with a notice containing a description of the lands to be taken or made use of 
during construction, an offer of a price, and the name of an arbitrator, together with a certificate of a 
land surveyor that the land is needed, and is within the limite of the survey, &c., that he knows the 
land or the damage to be done it, and that the offer is reasonable. In case of the absence of the 
owner, application is to be made to the county or other judge, and the party notified by advertisement. 
If a party does not accept the offer ten days aAer service ofnotice, or a month after advertisement, or 
notify the company of an arbitrator, then a sworn surveyor is appointed by the judge as sole arbi- 
trator. If the party names an arbitrator, the two sIimII name a third, or if they cannot agree the 
U. P. W. will name an official arbitrator as third. Being sworn, they or the sole arbitrator proceed 
to value the lands. The award of two is binding. They are to consider the increased value of the 
lenuining lands. Costs, to be taxed by the judge, foUov. judgment. The company may desist from 
tbe demand for the land on paying costs. No objection can be taken to an ai1»itrator except personal 
interest, and none al^er the third arbitrator is appointed. Possession ma^ be taken by the company on 
naying; the amount awarded or tendered, if there is no arbitration ; and if there be any resistance, the 
Jnoge issues a warrant of possession to the sheriff or a bailiff. In case of emergency such warrant 
nay be granted by the judge before the award, sufficient security being given by the company. The 
OM>ney stands in place of the lands to those holding hypothcoues or incumbrances on it, and the 
company is liable to them if compensation is paid without regard to their rights. When it has reason 
to fear such incumbrances, it may pay the compensation into court, with six months' interest, and give 
notice to the parties to come in and claim it. The court thereupon makes order for the distribution of 
anch money, and the judgment bars all claims and incumbrances ; costs to be awarded as the court 
direct, and the interest reduced or increased according to diligence done and time expired. A railway 
anut not be carried along highways without the leave of the municipal authorities, nor must the traffic 
be obstructed during the construction of the line. If it crosses a road upon the level the rails must 
not be raised more than an inch above or sunk more than one below it. Signboards are to be erected 
at such crossings. The span of the arch of a bridge thrown across a highway to carry the line must 
be not less than twenty feet clear, and not less than twelve feet high. The ascent of a bridge to carry 
a bighway over the line must not be over one in 20, and a sufficient fence, four feet high, must be made 
on either side. Within six months after taking possession of land, the company must fence it, and 
, provide gates for farm crossings, and cattle-guards for highway crossings. Until this is done the 
' company is liable for all damage to horses and cattle. Any person who goes on with a horse or other 
ai^fflal torfeits $40 and any damages caused. No person not employed by the company shall walk upon 
die line. The company may fix tolls to be levied for tbe conveyance of goods : if unpaid may seize 
and detain the gooos, and sell them if payment be not made within six months, retaining tolls and 
expenses, and paying balance to the owners. Goods unclaimed for twelve months may be advertised 
and sold ; proceeds, after deducting tolls and expenses, to be kept for three months, and if then un- 
chimed, paid over to the R. G. 1 he same tolls must be levied upon the same goods, at the same 
time and under the same circumstances, and no undue advantage or privilege granted. A fraction is 
always to be reckoned as a whole mile, and a fraction of a quarter of a ton as a quarter. Tables of 
tolls are to be stuck up in the offices and cars of the company. They cannot be levied until approved 
by the G. in C. and published in the Canada Gazette. The G. in C. may revise them. Parliament 
■uy reduce tolls when the net income of the company is over ij per cent, on the capital actually 
expended in construction. A board of directors of the number fixed by the special Aci shall be elected 
at each annual meeting by a majority of the shareholders p.-esent. If not held on the day named in 
the special Act, directors may cause it to be held on another, but no one can then vote who was not 
entitled to vote on the proper day. Vacancies are filled as provided by by-laws. Directors must be 
Btodcholders. Votes are in proportion to number of shares. Shareholders may vote by proxy. A 
fcrm is provided. Directors remain in office till the next election. Vacancies may be filled by vote of 
remaining directors. They shall elect a President, and may also elect a Vice-President. The former 
remains m office till he ceases to be a director, or his successor is elected. The quorum is settled by 
the special Act. The chairman has a casting vote. Directors of the company cannot be employes or 
contractors, or interested in a contract. Directors may make by-laws, respecting officers and business 
of the Co., and appoint officers and take security. _ In the absenci >r illness of the President the 
Vice-President acts in his stead ;such absence or illness may be certified in the minutes, and a 
certified extract may be produced as evidence thereo'. Accounts are to be kept and to be made up 
and balaiiced on the 31st December each year. Ci Us not exceediag the amount permitted by the 
apecial Act may be made by the directors payable after thirty days' notice published in the Catuula 
Gazette. Interest at the rate of 6 per cent, is payable on overdue calls. Calls may be sued for and 
recovered. If a shareholder neglects to pay for two months his shares are forfeited, but forieiture 
must be declared at a general meeting. It operates an indemnification to the shareholder forfeiting 
against any action for breach of contract by the company against him. The directors may sell forfeited 
uares. The certificate of the Treasurer is proof of forfeiture and. of the title of the purchaser. It 
shall be entered, with the name, place of abode, and occupation of the purchaser, in the company's 
books. Interest may be allowed to shareholders paying money in advance of calls. Certificates of 
proprietorship of shares shall be admitted &% prima/acie proof in all courts, but the want of one does 
not hinder a legal transfer. Dividends are to be declared out of the clear profit (not impairing the 
capital' .It general meetings,^ at the rate of so much per share. Dividend shall not be paid on the 
.asoust of a call unpaid. Directors may allow interest on moneys paid up until the road is completed, 
Ibat none shall accrue to one whose calls are unpaid. Sales are effected by instruments in duplicate 



Ligishtitm y 1867-68. 



73 



(a form it provldtd), and no trutflir it compkt* till oneia fyied and rer<sterad in the oompany'a office. 
Stock is pertonal Mtatt. No aharo can b« transferrad unleaa calls wti paid up, and nothing less than 
a full share can be tranifiirred. If a share Is transmitted by inheriance, will, insolvency, or other- 
wise, a declaration mutt be tyied by the party acquiring, togetner with xtpies of necessary documenta. 
The company is not bound to see to the execution of trusts. A receipt from the party in whose name 
the shares stand is suffielant. The Ainds of the Co. are not to be used in the purchase of its own 
stock or that of any other Co. Shareholders are liable to the creditors of the Co. to the full amount 
of their unpaid stock, but net until an execution against the Co. has been returned unsatisfied. 
Municipalities empowered by Provincial laws may take stock, and the Mayor, Keeve or Warden, 
when over iao.ooo is taken. Is im iifiUh a director. The names and places of abode of all shareholders 
must be entered in a book, By-iawa« Ac, are to bo signed by the chairman, and printed copies 
posted up in the places where tolls are gathered, and those relating to the safety of passengers affixed to 
each car. They mutt be submitted tolhe Governor for approval. Every servant of the Co. aployed 
about a passenger station mutt wear a badge upon hit hat or cap, indicating hit office. Trains mutt 
be itarted and run at regular houri. and mutt nimlth accommodation for alftuch passengers or goods 
as are offered within a reatonabta time before. These mutt be transported to and left at such places as 
are demanded on payment of legal toll. The Co. is liable in damages for neglect or refusal. Checks 
must be affixed to every parcel of baggage having a handle or loop, and a duplicate given to the pas- 
senger, under a penalty of M and tne forfeiture of the far' which must be refunded. A passenger 
producing a check may do witness aa to the value of baggage lost. Baggage and freight cars are not 
to be put in rear of paaMiigar can. The officer or agent doing this is guilty of misdemeanor. Every 
locomotive must have a |o Ibe. bell and a tteam whittle. The bell must be rung or whittle tounded at 
leatt eighty roda before a crotiins, and continued until the engine has crotied. For neglect the driver 
incurt a penalty of Mt Md the Co. it liable for all damages, half recoverable from the driver. A con- 
ductor or driver diunk on the train it guilty of a miudemeanor. Passengers refusing to pay hxt may 
be put out at any station or dwellin|| Tiouta. They have no claim for damages for injuries received 
while on platforms, in violation of printed regulations potted up. No person is entitled to carry or to 
demand of the Co. to carry aquarortii, oil ofvitrol. gunpowder, nitro glycerine, or other dangerout 
goodt. If they are taken or sent without notice to the Co. the party forfeitt |3o. The Co. may cause 
tutpected packaget to be opened. Actiona mutt be brought within 6 mot. for damages against the 
Co. Fines are recoverable before a J. P, When not otherwise provided they goto the Co. Any 
contravention of the Act for which no penalty it provided it a misdemeanor. Tne maila, troopt, arms 
and ammunition and storca for their ute, and police on duty, are always to be carried by the Co. on 
demand, employing all it( retourcai for that purpose. The remuneration to be fixed by the G. in C. 
The G. in C. may demand the axcluaiva ute of its telegraph wires and apparatus, and may construct a 
telegraph line along the railway i further enactments respecting mails and troops not to be an inftinge- 
ment of Co's. rights under this or special Act. Co must advertise for tenders for works of construc- 
tion for at leatt 4 weeks, but it not bound to accept any tender sent in. The construction must be 
commenced and 10 p. c. of capital paid in within 3 yra. of the passing of the special Act, and the rail- 
way completed within 10 yrt,, or the charter lapses. After the opening an annual account shall be 
submitted to Parliament, setting forth the moneyn received and spent, and business done. Further 
provision may be n de in this rcipMt by Pariiament without infiringement of charter rights. Parlia- 
ment may dissolve ^n^ Co. 

The second part of the Act provldaa that the Governor shall name 4 members of the Privy Coun- 
cil to be a Railway Committee. No railway, or part of it, shall be opened till i month's notice has 
been given to the Con-mittca of tlie intention, nor until after 10 days* notice that it will be ready for 
inspection. Neglect of these notices, or opening and running the road without leave of this Com- 
mittee, is punishable by a fine of $aoo per day during which the railway is run. On receipt of the 
notices the committee appoint one or more angineert to intpect the road, and if they report it unfit and 
dangerout to run, the committee may order the Co. to postpone the opening till the necessary work is 
done. But the order mutt be accompanied by the report of the inspecting engineer. If informed that 
any portion of the line or rolling •tack la unsafe, the committee may order an inspection, and if found 
uniafe condemn it and order, with approval of the G. in C, the repairs or alteration or substitution 
necessary. In case of dannr the intpceting engineer may at once forbid the running of the trains to 
as to incur tuch danger, delivering to the proper officer of the Co. a notice in writing; of his reasons. 
He reports his action i<? the committee, who may confirm or disallow his order. An engineer authorized 
to inspect may enter upon tlie line and premises of the Co. The officers of the company must answer 
all interrogatories put Dy him, and convey him over the line. Tele^^ph. operators must obey his 
orders, under a peniJty of I40, The G. in C. may order permanent bridges to be erected in place of 
moveable or swing bridgci, within a fixed time. Thereafter the Co. foiteits |3oo per diem for using 
the movable. Whenever the public uifety requires it, the committee, with the tanction of the G. in C, 
may order a line to be carried over or under a highway, instead of crossing it at a level. Whenever a 
level crossing is out of repair, the chief officer of tne municipality may notify the Co. to repair it If it 
fails to doso, notice is given to the committee, who send an engineer to report, and the parties are 
bound by his report. The Co. failing to make the repairs, the municipality may do so and recover the 
cost from the Co. The committee or inspecting engineer may limit the trains and speed on any por- 
tion of railway until nece^tsiary repair* or alterations are made. If the Co. exceed the limit, it forfeits 
(2,000. It must give the committee notice of any accident attended with grave personal injury or seri- 
ous damage to the line, under a penalty of |aoe. Nothing done under this Act diminishes the liability 
of the Co. for any damage firom neglect, mitfeatance, &c. The Co. must notify its officers of the orders 
of the committee or engineer. Tne Co. mutt, in January and July each year, furnish to the committee 
a report, under oath, of tlia cauiet, nature, and particulars ofall accidents occurring in the 6 months, 
together with a copyof existing rulM and regulations. F or neglect to make tuch returns the Co. incurs 
a penalty of $ioa. They are privileged communications, not to be used as evidence. The committee 
have the same rights at the former committionen had respecting railways in the former Province of 
Canada, and may continue the proceeding! of the commissioners. Inspections are in all caaee to be 
performed under tbit Act. The directors of one Co. may agree with another respacring traffic arrange- 
ments or working the rallwayi. for a period not exceeding ai yrs., subject to ratincation by two-tbirds 
of the shareholders voting, out all Co'a mutt fumtah every reasonable facility to any other intersect- 
ing them, and grant preference or advantage to none. They must also grant equal adlities on equai 
terms and conditions to all incorporated express companies. Any officer of a Co. refiiaing to convey 
passengers or goods brought to it by another such railway Co., or in any way contravening the above 
enactment, incura a penalty of iso, recoverable before* T. P. by the Co. or party aggrieved. The 
Quarter Settiont in N. 8., N. B, and Onuno, and any Judge of the Q. B. or S. C, or Clerk of the 



74 



Legisiation of 1867-68. 



I 

i 

St 


\ 


V 






t 


t- 


\: 



«]ii 




Ptaca cr of th« Crotrn, or Judge of th« ScMionii ia Quabac, may, on application of an agent 
of Ike Co., appoir.t coaitablet, /ecommended by the director, clerk or agent, to act along the 
Una, Tba powera of suck conatablea may be exercirid at my place along tM whole line or within 
aauailar or a mik on either aide, and he may bring offcndera oefore any J. P. along the line without 
raiaranca ta tke place ia wktck the ofenca wai committed. The penoni who may appoint in Que., or 
■"{/ two J. P. ki tke other Provinc»(, or the Directora, or their »peciallv authoritea ai^enta, may dja- 
miaa aucn conatablea. The namea of all auch conttablea mutt be reconlcd by the Co, in the oMca of 
every Clerk of the Peace aloog the line ; alio a atatement of dismisaali. Neglect or bieach of d*ty by 
m conatable is puniabable by fao penalty or a mos. imprisonment. Any person resisting them ih liable 
to the aame punishment. The Co. mav impose a penalty upon any of its cmployeea lor breach of Ita 
by-laws, not exceeding 30 days pay, to be retained out of his salary or wages. No Co. must obstruct 
the navigation of a stream. The oridKixg of canals and navigable st-.tams is stibiect to regulation! 
made by the G. in C, tu whom plans for bridge.^, wliarves, Ac, must be submitted for approval, un- 
leaa apecial powers are given in tne special Act. Before crossia«( a swing Ijridge over a river or canal, 
a train must be stoppeafor 3 minutes, to asrnrtain from the bridge tender that it is closed and in pro- 
per condition. For neglect the Co. forfeits 1400. Co's. are bound to use the best means for commu- 
nication between the conductor and driver, for applying the brakes, for uncoupling the cars, and secur- 
iiig the seats, and must alter the same from time to time as ordered by the Committee, under a penalty 
of$ioo f«r ai*m. £very Co. 8h7.ll station an officer at any point where its line crosdes another on a 
level, and no train shall cross until the conductor is signalled that the truck is clear. It must be 
stopped for the space of 1 minute. No train is to move, in a city, town, or thickly jieopled village 
faster than 6 miles an hour, unless the track is properly fenced, and in moving with the train before the 
locomotive a person must be stationed on the forcnost car to warn people oflTthe track. For neglect a 
penalty of #100. People are bound to use afoot bridge where one is provided. _ No horses, cattle, 
&c., are to be allowed on the highway within half-a-mile of its intersi^ction of a railway without a per- 
aon to watch them. If so they may be impounded, and if killed the owner will have no action. Tnis- 
ties and noxious weeds are to be cut down along the lines. If this is neglected, after notice from the 
Municipal officers, the Co. forfnits $2 per diem, and the Municipality may do the work and collect the 
coat from the Co. The interest of the purchasi! mr.iey or rent of any property acquired as necessary 
for the working of the line is to be charged to working expenses. The following further penalties are 
imposed, viz. : — For obstructing the line, imprisunmemt for not more than 5 yrs, ; for damaging the 
line, buildings, or machiner;y, punishment as a misdemeanor in the discretion of the Court ; displacing 
switches, raus, &c., or placing ob^itructions on the line, if no injury is done, imprisonment for i yr. ; if 
injury is done, imprisonment for i to a yrs. ; if any person is killec! it is manslaughter, and punishable 
with imprisonment from 4 to 10 yrs. ; stopping or obstructing work ^oing on or weal-enine work done, 
a misdemeanor, and i yr's. imprisonment ; boring, opening, or injuring pack.-iges on a railway, or in a 
station house, &c., with witent to steal or waste their contents, f 20 or i mo. imprisonment, and any 
damage done ; obstructing an Inspector in discharge of his duty, a fine of (40 or 3 mos. in :lefault ,* 
contravention by an employee of tne (-0. of the by-laws of the Co., or notices or orders of the Cou»- 
mittee or Inspecting Engineer (if delivered to him or posted up), whereby injury results, a fine not 
exceeding $400 or imprisonment not exceeding 5 yrs. ; if it does iiot cause injury or create risk, he 
forfeits 15 to 30 days^ay, one half thepenalty to go to H. M., one half to the informer, unless he be 
an employee of the Co., then a! ' to H. M. The Co. may pay over penalty and costs and stop the 
same from the offender's pay, o.- recover it. Penalties to M. M. are to be paid to the R. G. to the 
predit of the Railway Inspection Fund. Every railway shall pay annually a sum not exceeding #10 
per mile, fixed by the Committee, to that fund. The second part of the Act applies to a contractor, 
orlesiee, or sole owner of a railway in like manner as to a Co. 

TREASON, &c. 

Cap, 69 — Is "An Act for the better security ofth<s Crown and of the Government." It saves 
the Act aj Ed. Ill,, and further provides that " Whosoever within Canada or without, compasses, 
imagines, ravenis, devises, or intents death or destruction, or any bodily harm tending to death or 
destruction, maiming or wounding, imprisonment or restraint of H. M., her heirs or successors, and 
such compassing, &c., or any of them, expresses, utters, or declares, by piiblishiag any priming or 
writing, or any overt act or deed, is guilty of treason, and shall suffer death." If an officer or soMier 
in the army, without leave, corresponds with the enemy, he is guilty of treason and shall suffer death. 
Convicts shall be sentenced to be hanged by the neck until they be dead. V/hosoever withht orwithout 
Canada, compasses or devises, &c., to deprive or depose H. M., kc, ftom the style, honour, or royal 
name of the Imperial Crown of the United Kingdom, or of any other of H. M's. dominions or coun- 
triea, or to levy war against H. M., kc, within any part of the United Kingdom or Canada, in order 
by force or constraint to compel a change of measures or counsels, or to constrain or over-awe Parlia- 
ment either in Britain or Canada, or stir up any foreigner to invade any part of H. M's. dominions, 
and shall express, utter, or declare such compassings, &c., is guilty of felony, and Uable to be impris- 
oned for any period in the discretion of the Court. For words spoken the information must be Uid 
within 6 days, and the warrant issued within 10 days after, and conviction can only be obtained on the 
evidence of^a witnesses. More than one overt act may be charged in an indictment. An indictment 
for felony under this Act is good, although the offence committed amounts to treason. Every prin- 
cipal in the second degree, or accessory before the fact, is punishable like the principal ; accessories 
after the fact may be imprisoned for not moiv than 2 yrs. The Act goes iQto force on ist January, 
1869. 

RIOT ACT. 

Caf. 70— Provides for the dispersing of riotous assemblies and punishment of rioters. If xa or 
more persons ^re unlawfully, riotously and tumultuously assembled, any justice of the peace, or sheriff; 
or deputy sheriff, or mayor or other cnief officer of a corporate city or town is bound to repair thither 
and make proclamation in a loud voic?, (having first commanded silence for the purpose) as follows : 
" Our Sovereign Lady the Queen chargeth andcommandeth all persons being assembled immediately to 
disperse tbeinselves, and peaceably to depart to theiv liabitations or to their lawful business, upon the 
pains contained in 4te Act respecting riots and riotous assemblies. God save the Queen." If any 
persons shall so continue together by the space of one hour after such command or request, they are 
guilty of felony and liable to imprisonment for life or any less period And each of the officials above 
named, and every constable and peace officer, and all who may be commanded to assist them, may 
proceed to arrest such pereona and convey them before a justice of the pr ^ce. If any such peracn is 
kj}!ed by use of the force necessary to make the arrest, the party killing him is indemnified. Every 
person hindering proclamation, or ?jiy persona remaining together knowing of the attempt to make 



Legislation ^1867-68. 



76 



)f an agent 
t alon| IM 
e or within 
lise without 
ir. Qua., or 
ts, may dif 
the office ot 
hofdatyby 
lem iti bablc 
breach of Iti 
lust ob»truct 

regulationa 
pprovali un- 
\itt or canali 
I and in pro- 
I for commu- 
s, and lecuf- 
der a penalty 
mother on a 

It must be 
opled village 
im before the 
For neglect a 
oraes, cattle, 
without a per- 
:tion. Thi»- 
)tice from the 
rtd collect the 
I a& necessary 
penalties are 
lamaging the 
rt; displacing 
It for I yr. ; If 
id punishable 
IB work done, 
lilway, or in a 
ncnt, and any 
03. In :^efault ; 
I of the Com- 
Its, a fine not 
:reate risk, he 
, unless he be 
, and stop the 
R. G. to the 
exceeding $v> 

a contractor, 



" It saves 
compasses, 
to death or 
ccessora, and 
ly priniing or 
icer or soldier 
suffer death, 
hiu orwithout 
our, or royal 
ons or coun- 
ada, in order 
r-awe Parlia- 
8. dominions, 
to be impris- 
must be Uid 
tained on the 
n indictment 
Every prin- 
; accessories 
ist January, 



krs. If"OJ 

Ice, or sherin, 

Irepair thither 

|) as follows : 

limediatelyto 

ess, upon the 

in." If any 

lest, they are 

^cials above 

Vt them, may 

]:h person » 

eed. Every 

npt to make 



prodamation and that it was hindered, art alio guilty of fclony and liable to the same puniahment. 
Proeecutiona matt be instituted within tia monlha. 

rORGERY, PERJURY, Ac, AGAINST PROVINCIAL ACTS. 
Ctf/. '/I— Provides that Cap. m of the Consolidated Htalutos of Canada applies to Que. and Ont. 
at ftiUy aa if re-enacted. TIm taula mentioned 'I inchtde and mean the seals of the Provinces and 
of Lieut. -Governors, Forging of itamped papti unlawflilly having plates or dies for printing it. or 
removing it (Vom paper on which it has been lawfully afflxad. and removing the cancelling mark, whether 
such paper bo istiied under authority of Aett of Canada or of either of the Provinces, is made a felony, 
pumtnabla with Impriaonment fornol more than ti yean. Any wilfiil contravention of .1 Provincial 
Statute not otherwise made an offence it a mlademeannr. Any oath taken under a Provinci.il Act is at 
binding and antaila the tame penaltlet for fhlte twearins n» if made under the authority of an Act of 
the Parliament of Canada. A contpiracv to Intimidate a Provincial Legislative body is a felony, 
punithalbJe by impriionment for not more than 14 yaart. 

ACCESSORIES TO FELONY. 
Ca^. 7a— Providet that accetsoriet and principals in the second degree before the fact to any 
felony, may be tried as principals. He who counsem, procures, or commands the commission of a 
felony, is guilty of felcjny, and in.iy be indicted ivlth or aAor the princi|i.il, or may be indicted for a sub- 
stantive folonv, \v liether the principal is convicted or amen-ible to Justice or not. And accessories after 
the fact may, in like manner, be indiclud and convicted. Accessories after the fact arc punishable by 
imprisonment for not less than t years, and must find sureties for keeping the r>«ace or ue imprisoned 
for another ye.-ir after the first term is expired. An accessory i.i-iy be tried and punished in like manner a.') 
if the principal hadbeen, although he dies or is pardoned or otlierwl-u delivered before attainder. Any 
number of accessories at different timet to one feloitv, and any number of receivers of goods at one 
time, niay be included in one indictment. In case the felony was committed wholly in Canada, the 
accessory may be tried cither where the priiiciiiiil fulmiy w.is committed or in the place where the act 
constituting him an accessory wa^ done : otliurwise ho iiiny be tried by any court having jurisdiction 
of the principal felony, or in tlie place where he is apprehended. Abettors of misdemeanors are to be 
tried and punished as principals. 

POLICE COMMI.SSKiNERS. 

Ca/>. 73 — Provides that the O, in C, niav iippolnt n polico commissioner or commissioners for any 
province, or county or district within a province, and (hose may appoint and remove i)oiice constables. 
The force to be used solely for the enforcement of the laws of the Dominion. Such a commissioner to 
have the powers and authority of a polico manislralo or J. P., subiect to all the laws and regulations of 
the Province in which he acts, exceju as to liU cmiduct under this Act. He need not possess a pro- 
iierty qualification, or reside within his district. The O. in C. is to make reguhuioi,- for the 
conduct of the commirsioners and their pay and allownnces. Proceedings under the Act to be r«.;iorted 
to Parliament. 

REMOVAL OF PRISONERS. 

CaA 74 — Authorizes the 0. in C. to order the removal of any person charged with treason or 
felony Kom any gaol deemed insecure er unfit, to any other within the Province. The court before 
whicn an indictment has been preferred and fmiiid against tucli persons may order them to be brought 

^"•"■"•^ '"'''• PENfTENTIARIES. 

Cap. 75— Is "The Penitentiary Act of iS«'ia," for a summary of which see the article on " Crimi- 
nal Statistics," in another part of this volume, 

EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES IN CAUSES PENDING IN FOREIGN COURTS. 
Cap, 7£»— Provides that when, upon application to a Court or Judge in Canada, it is made to 
appear that the evidence of some person within Its or his Jurisdiction is needed in a cause respecting a 
civil or criminal matter, pending in any Court of another llritish Dominion or a foreign country, such 
court or judge may order the attendance of such witness before a person or persons named in the 
order, to give such evidence, and his attendance and production of papers may be compelled in the 
^ame manner, and to the same extent, as if the cause were pending before such Canadian Court 
Witnesses must be 3wom or affirm as before a Canadian Court, and false swearing or affirmation is 
perjury. The Court of Appeals for Can.idu when constituted, and the Superior Courts of Law or 
ICquit) in each province, or any judjite thereof, may tal<o ciigtiizancc of such applications. And any 
such court! may make rules of proceduro for such cases, and In the absence of such rules letters roga- 
tory from >mch other British or foreign Court shall bo a tufHciant application. 

PENSrON TO WIDOW AND GIFT TO CHILDREN OF LATE T. D. McGEE. 

Cap 77.— An annuity of if 1,300 per annum it settled on the widow of the late Hon. T. D. McGee. 
.^4,000 e.-icn is granted to his two daughters, Mary Euphraiia and Agnes Clara Mcf ..-!<., to h« held in 
trust by the M. F. until paid over. 6 p. c. intcrett it to be paid on thete latter t'vo ivt.w 3 till such 

''*^'"*"'" PRIVATE AND LOCAL ACTS. 

Crt/. 78.T-Part of the St:<jniory of St, Delair, comprised between the Seignior r/; inadarville on 
one side, and the lands of Jobsph Laurin and jean 'Jliche. it annexed to the County of Quebec. 
Part of the same Seipiory, between liia iandt of Laurin and Cliche and the Seigniory of Fossam- 
bault, is annexed to the County of Portneuf. 

Cap 79— Provides that the Commissioner! for the Harbour of Quebec shall hereafter be appointed 
3 by the Crown and a by the holders of the harbour bonds, to b« re-appointed and re-elected every a 
years. Their borrowing power is limited to |^oo,ooo, including what is already borrowed. 

Cap. 80— Incorporates the Stratford Board of Trade with the usual powers. Their real estate is 
limited to an annual value of $5,000. 

Cap. 81— Authorizes any Gas Co. organised at Clifton to bring gat in pipes across the Suapension 
Bridge from the U. S. for lighting that village. 

Cap. 83— Incorponites a Co., with 1 100,000 capital, to build a suspension bridge across the Ni- 
agara River immediately below the Falls. They may hold real estate to the amount of their stock. 
They have power to enter upon and expropriate land*, and levy tolls, not exceeding 50 cents for a two 
horse and 35 cents for a one horse vehicle. The bridge to be constructed and used within a yean. 

lap. 83— Amends the charter of the Niagara District Rank, extending the time for paying np 
the remaining capital for a yean, and declaring no privilege of its charter to be forfeited. 



76 



Legislation of 1867-^8. 



I' .»t>.|( 






C<^, 84— ConArmt the •imlgaimtion oftha ComiMrcial with th« Marchanta Bank, undar the 
name of tha Merchants' Dank of Canada, and tha agreament anterad into between the two Boarda. 
The capital ia $6,000,000, in aharea of i^ioo each. A new charter ia granted with tha n mal powera, to 
remain in force until iS7a Real eatate limited to IUo,ooo annual value. 

Cap, 8j— Incorporatea the Dank of Agriculture, to bo eatabliahed in tha Ci(jr of Uu.'iJtoii, with 
a capital of (400,000. Real estate limited to lio,ooo yearly value. To gu int-- :;^cr»tion when 
|jso,ooois subscribed, and |ioo,ooo paid up. Circulation ia never to go beyond t' .' ^r^ out» jf i^uid 
up capital stock and j;old, and Government aacuritiea held, and the notea unider f 5 11 ■'. im «, ,ceed one- 
fifth of audi stock. One-tenih part to be always invested in Canadian Government Mcurities. 

Cap. 86— Declares the Northern Railwa^r to be a work for the general advautage of Cann 'la. 
The Co. is authorised to iuue 6 per cent, third preferential, irredeemable bonda, to tne amount uf 
;£ 1 50,000 atg., in two classes, A of ZsoiO^oand B of ;£ioo,ooo, to constitute a lien next after the 
second preference bonds already issued. Claaa A is to be issued and tha money expended on rolling 
atock, elevators, and other equipments. A list of subscribers to these bonds, to the amount of il 15,000, 
ia to be placed in the hands of the Financial Agents of the Dominion in London, to be approved by 
them on or before ist Jan., i860, and if that amount be not subscribed by that day, the Act, ao nr aa giving 
power to issue 3rd preference bonds, is null. ;C5o,aoo of class D are to be paid over to the R. O., in 
satisfaction of arreara of interest due by the Co. The remaining ;C5o,ooo to lie exchanged aa far as 
practicable for the interest bonda now out, which are to be calledin. Class B shall not rank for intereat 
till the amount raised on class A has been expended to the satisfaction of the G. in C. The new bond- 
holders to have similar rights as to voting. &c., aa the holdera of the ist and and preference. The 
eaminga of tha railway hereafier to be diatributed as followa :— 1. For working expenses ; a. For 
interest on ist pref. bonds ; 3. Interest on and pref. bonda : 4. Un clasa A 3rd pref. bonda ; <. On 
claaa B of do- do.; 6. Intereat on Government lien for ;C47Staoo stg, ; 7. Arrears of interest to Domi- 
nkin : 8. Interest on interest debentures not taken up, continuing to rank aa before i 9. Dividanda on 
ahare capiul. 

Cap. Kt — Extends the time for the commencement of operations by the North West Navigation 
and Railway Co. ao for as relates to the navigation of Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, Untario, and the 
River St. Lawrence, until June. 1870. 

Cap. 88— Incorporates certain merchants and others of Montreal as " The Canada Shipping Co " 
empowering them to carry on a general shipping and shipping agency Co. Capital stock #500,000 ; to 
hold real estate up to f 10,000 of yearly value. $aoo,ooo to be aubscribed before commencing 
operations. 

Cap. 89— Confirms a By-law of the Lake Memphremagog Navigation Co., and authorisea the 
increase of the capital by |8o.aoo, of which tjiaooo, and any other portion of the stock unsubacribed 
for, may be made preferential, the holders of it being entitled to an 8 p. c. dividend before the remain- 
ing shareholders receive any. The directora may also redeem or pay off such stock at any time. 

Cap. 90— Incorporates " The Canadian Lake Underwriters Association," for the purpose of adopt- 
ing a uniform classification and inspection of vessels on the inland watera above Montreal, and a ayatem 
ofinvestigation into the character of maatera and officers of veasels, and causes of marine loasea and 
diaaaters. The Provincial Insurance Co., the B. A. Assurance Co., the Western Assurance Co., and 
auch other Insurance Co's aa may join them, are incorporated for the purpose of collecting and dis- 
seminating information upon aubjecta of marine and commercial interest, of encouraging and advancing 
worthy and well-qualified commanders and officers, &c., &c., and of promoting the security of life and 

Sroperty." Among other powera, they may grant certificatea to masters and officers. The Board of 
lanagers may apixiint inspectora to leport upon the nature and causes of accidents ; whether the pro- 
visions of the Navigation law have been complied with and whether veasels are in good condition. The 
aaaociation may hold real estate to the value of fs.ooo per annum. 

Ca/. 91— Inco.porates "The Merchants' Express Co. of the Dominion of Canada." Capital 
stock $300,000, V ith power to increase to 81,000,000. May hold real estate of the yearly value of 
83,00a Ten per cent, of stock to be paid up before commencing operations. 

Cap. 02 — Extends the time mentioned in the and section of the charter of the Canada Vine 
Growera Association fo^ j years. It gives the power to the company to aull out all ita property, and 
powers to one or more individuals, who shall not be liable for the debts or calla on shares of the Co. 
or former shareholders. He or they may re-issue the shares or stock, with the same immunity to the 
purchasere. Former shareholders are still liable to the creditor* for unpaid calla. The procecda of 
aale, after payment of debts, are to b: divided among the shareholdera. 

Cap, 93— Extends the tiowers of the Canada West Farinen' Mutual and Stock Insurance Co. to 
the whole IJominion, and changes its name to the " Canada Farmers' Mutual Inaurance Co." It is 
anthorized to take risks aa high as |i,ooo and to re-insure in other Co's. 




Joser>h F. Whiteaves, 

^ Ti:e firat of these has received the Royal Assent, which was proclaimed on the 8th Auguat laat 
It is, there.'bre, now in force. 

EXTRADITION OF OFFENDERS TO UNITED STATES. 
Cap. 94 — Provides that, upon complaint duly mad:, that a person found in Canada has committed 
in the United States any of the crimes enumerated in the treaty with that country, to wit, murder or 
assault with intent to commit murder, or Rjracy, or arson, or robbery, or forgery or the utterance 
of forged paper, any judge, police magistrate, stipendiary magistrate, inspector or superintendent of 
police empowered to act as a J. P., or any commissioner appointed for the purpose mayiasue his 
warrant for the apprehension ofaccused, to cause him tp be brought before him ; may examine witnesses 
as to the truth or the charge, and upon such evidence as, according to the laws of the Province in 
which he has been apprehended, would justify his committal for trial, had the crime been therein com- 
mittted commit him to gaul to remun until surrendered under the treaty or discharged accord- 
ing to law. The judM, magistrate or commissioner committin{{ him thereupon transmits a copy of all 
the testimony to the Governor. Duly attested copies of depositions on which a warrant has issued in 
the United States may be received as evidence. Ai any time not less than aeven days after the com- 
imitment, the Governor, upon requisition made by the United States, may by warrant order the extra - 



H-, 



■ft; 



Legislation of \%ti-^%— Ontario. 



n 



Unk, under th« 
ha two BoaHt. 
I'Mialpowtra, to 

Uu><il]|oti, with 
:;icraiion whan 

t^'Outl> jf yM 
! (uixcaadona- 
curitiaa. 

tan of Canada. 
9 the amount uf 
n naxt «fter the 
ndcd on rolling 
>unt of ;£ 15,000, 
be approved by 
t,aoura8 giving 
to the R. O., in 
lannd aa far ai 
rank for intereat 

The new bond- 
reference. The 
tpensea; a. For 
r. bonda ; <• On 
itereit to Domi- 
9. Dividendaon 

/est Navigation 
Ontario, and the 

I Shipping Co " 
Kk (500,000 ; to 
ire coranMndng 

1 authoriiea the 
ck unsubacribed 
rore the remain- 
t any time, 
urpoaeofadopt- 
!al, and a ayatem 
arine loaaeaand 
urance Co., and 

e'lectinganddia- 
and advancing 
urity of life and 
The Board of 
whether the pro- 
ondition. The 

lada." Capiul 
yearly value of 

e Canada Vine 
a property, and 
area of tne Co. 
nmunity to the 
""he proceeda of 

isuianoe Co. to 
ce Co." It if 



Ingthe Treaty 
inder of certain 
r the relief of 

h Auguat laat 



laa committed 
vit, murder or 
the utterance 
irintendent of 
mayiasue his 
line witnesses 
Province in 
therein com- 
trged accord- 
a copy of all 
has tsaued in 
lAer the com- 
er the extra- 



dition to any person authorized to receive the prisoner, who shall h.ive power to detain him in custody 
and remove him into the United States. Or the Uuvernor may uriler accused to be discharged from 
custody. Ualess a person so committed is not removed within two months, he may be aet free by any 
judge of the superior courts upon writ of Habeas Corpus. 



The aecond of the above Acts, reducing the Governor General'a salary to fja.ooo, waa diaallowad 
by Her Majesty m Council. 



tery, 



The third, which graitfed Mr. Whiteavea a divorce from bis wifii, JulU Wolff, for cauaa of adul- 
', tiaa received Her Majesty's sanction. 



PROVINCE OF ONTARIO. 



Snthm ^f tk* Ltgitlaturt b*gwt «n tkt rjtk Dtcembtr, \t/ij,^r0regHtd tjth March, 1868. 

Caf, I— Is an Act respecting the interpretation and printing of the Statutes, similar to that 

Kissed by the Dominion Legislature. The binding is enacted to be of cloth with a red sheepskin 
ick and lettered. (The actual volume has red corners likewise.) 

C»p. 3— Is an Act respecting the Speaker of the Assembly, permitting him to leave the chair and 
call another member to it. 

C(i>. 3— Establishes a C. R. F. for Ontario, upon which the only charge recognised by the Act 
is the cost of collection and management. Surplus may be invested in Domiuaon securities. 

SUPPLY. 
Cap. 4— Is the Supply Bill for i>6S. 11,352,677 is appropriated for the Civil Government of the 
Province for the year 1868, and #56,669 to make good the expenditure during the (\ wionths ending 
31st December, 1807 ,and, subjeet to revision and correction, #530,765 to make good the expenditure m 
the Dominion Government on behalf of the Province during the same half year. 

TAVERNS DUTY. 
Cap, 5 — Makes provision for the Duty on Tavern-keepers, repealing the former Canadian Act. 
The dutv on each tavern license is hereafter fixed at %\2 in a city, #10 in a town and $5 elsewhere, to 
be paid oy stamps or stamped paper. Persons to be appointed in every county and city to distribute 
licenses to the Municipal Corporations are allowed 10 p. c. Forging, &c., to be a felony, punishable 
by ai yeara' imprisonment. 

ONTARIO GAZETTE-INQUIRIES BY COMMISSION. 

Cap. 6— Authorises the publication of an Ontario Cauttt, and makes provision for inquiries con- 
cerning public matters, &c. It gives the L. G. in C. power to appoint commissioners for auch 
enquiries, and confers on them the iiower to summon witnesses and examine them on oath which a 
court of justice has. The L. G. in C. may also authorise the publication of an Ot^tario Gatettt, in 
which notices, proclamations, &c., concerning Ont., heretofore published in the Lanada GautU, are 
to be published. 

PRISONS AND ASYLUMS. 

Cap. 7— Relates to Prisons, Asylums, &c., within the Province, (excepting the Provincial Peni- 
tentiary), repealing the Canadi.in law providing for their inspection, omitting any provision for future 
inspection, but providing th^t the rules and regulations for the government of these institutions in 
force may be amended, o: reicinded, or suspended by the L. G. in C. (but see Cap. 31.) 

FREE GRANTS AND HOMESTEADS. 

Cap, 8— Provides for Free Grants and Homesteads. It authorises the L. G. in C. to apportionate 
landk, not bciiie mineral lands or pine timber lands, as free grants to actual settlers, under regulations to 
be made for that purpose : but such grants are confinea to the lands in the Algoma and Nipissing 
Districts, and the lands between the Ottawa River and Georgian Bay, to the west of a line d^wn from 
a point opposite the south-east angle of the township of Palmerston, north-westerly along the western 
boundary line of other townships to the Ottawa River, and north of the northern boundaries of Oso, 
Olden, Kennebec, Kalador, Elzevir, Madoc, Marmora, Belmont, Dummer, Smith, Ennismore, 
Somerville, Laxton, Garden, Rome and the River Severn. No such grant is to be made to a parson 
under 18 or for more than 100 acres. The p.itent shall not issue for 5 years after location, nor until 
the locatee has cleared and cultivated 15 acres and built a h^use thereon fit for habitation, has resided 
continuonsly on the lot clearing at least a acres per annum; absence of 6 months is, however, allowed. 
Failure to perform settlement duties forfeits the location. The mines and minerals on such lots are 
reserved to the Crown. The settler may not cut any pine timber on it, except for fencing and building 
and in clearing until the issue of the patent : or if it be cut the settler must pay timber dues to the 
Crown. The land passes to his widow on death of the locatee, unless she prefers to accept her dower 
in it. The land cannot be alienated or mortgaged until the patent issues, nor within ao years of the 
location without consent of the wife if living. Nor shall it be liable during that ao yeara to be sold 
under execution iot any debt, except a mortgage or pledge after the patent issues. It may be aold 
for taxes. 

WANT OF CONSIDERATION FOR DEEDS. 

Cap. 9— Provides that, notwithstanding the ayth Elisabeth, cap. 4, no voltintarv conveyance' 
grant, encumbrance, ftc, anall be void for want of valuable consideration alone, if it be executed in 
good faith and duly registered ; but this not to render valid deeds already passed and invalid for this 
cause aa against aunequent purchasers nor any future deeds if void for otner reasons. 

REGISTRATION FEES— CITIES. 
Cap. 10— Provides that Cities within Registration Counties may pay their fair share of fees nnder 
taction 33 of the Registration of Titles Act, instead of county corporations paying alL 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TAKING AFFIDAVITS IN UNITED COUNTIES. . 
Cap. It— Declareathat Commissioners for taking affidavits and bail for any union of counties or 
county containing a ci^, are authorised to act as such in and for the Junior connty or the dty, when 
separated (if rMioent tnerein) and only therein. 



m 



78 



Legislation of 1867-68 — Ontario. 






GAME PROTECTION. 

Cap. la— Provides for the protection of Game. Deer, $c., cannot be hunted or killed between 
iBt December and ist September; wild turkey, grouse, partridge, pheasant and hares, from ist Janu- 
ary to ist September; quail, ist January to ist October; woodcock or snipe, ist March to ist Septem- 
ber \ wild swan, goose or duck, the same. Deer, moose, wild turkey, grouse, pheasant, partridge, 
quail, woodcock, snipe, hare or duck may not be trapped or snared— the birds may only be killed by 
snooting. Batteries or sunken punts may not be used for the, hunting or killing of wild swan, geese or 
ducks. No person may have such animals, or their hides, or such birds in their possession during the 
close season without lawful excuse, nor sell them later than 14 days after. No game bird's e£gs are to 
be taken or destroyed. For contravention of this Act the offender incurs a penalty of from Jia to f 25 
for each head of game, recoverable before any J. P., half to go to municipality and half to informer. 
The game is confiscated. Any person may destroy traps, snares, &c No beaver, musk-rat, mink, 
sable, otter or fisher, shall be trapped, h'.nted or killed between the ist May and 15th November. No 
person shall hunt or shoot imported gsr i without the consent of the owner of the land on which it is 
preserved for breeding, &c. 

LOCAL AND PRIVATE ACTS, 

Cap. 13— Amends the Wellington, Grey and Bruce Railway charter. It renders valid and binding 
By-laws of Municipalities passed to aid the work, althoutjh the Reeves, etc., have not signed the Stock 
Book, and renders valid the agreements between the Directors and Municipalities. Other Munici- 
palities are authorized to pass similar By-laws ; but they can claim no interest as shareholders in the 
Co., aud are subject to no liability. The Municipalities may alter and amend the conditions of such 
By-laws. Variations of the line to connect it with other parts may be authorized by the By-laws of any 
such Municipality. The Company is authorized to issue bonds having a preferential clami without 
registration, to an amount equal to that of the capital stock subscribed and on which 10 p. c. has been 
paid, and of the bonus granted by the Municipalities, but the amount raised on such bonds shall never 
exceed that paid up upon the Municipal debentures and share capital. 

Cap. i^— Incorporates the Erie & Niagara Extension Railway Co. to construct a railway from a 
a point in tne township of Bertie at or near the village of Fort Erie, passing through the town of St, 
Thomas, to some point in the County of Essex, in or near the town of Sandwich or the town of 
Windsor, with a branch to Amhertsburg. Capital #5,000,000. To be organized as soon as |2,ooo,ooo 
are subscribed, and 10 p. c. paid in. This must be done and the work commenced within a years ; 
f 1,000,000 must be spent within 3 years or the charter is forfeited. The road to be complete within 5 
years. The gauge to be 5 ft. 6 in. with power to add a third rail. 

Cap. 15— Incorporates tlie Ontario College at Picton. The College may purchase and hold real 
estate to the yearly value of $'8,000 (this to be confined to college buildings, grounds, etc.) and accept 
donations or bequests to the yearly value of $5,000 morr, and hold for seven years. When sold 
proceeds to be invested in pnblic securities. 

Cap, x6— Vests certain lands in Port Hope, on which a church is in course of erection, in the Rector 
and Church Wardens of the church of St. John the Evangelist there, and authorizes them to raise a 
loan of not exceeding l5,ooo thereon, authorizing the rental of a certain number of pewt to be tet 
apart to pay the interest on such loan. 

CONTINUING ACT. 

Cai. 17— Continues the Acts 7 Vic. cap. 10, 9 Vic. Cap. 30, la Vic. Cap. 18, 13 and 14 Vic. Cap. 
20, and extends the period in the last, continuing Acts of the Province cf Canada to the end of the 
Session next after the ist January 1869. 

J. P. AND CORONERS. 

Cap. iS— Authoazes the appointment by the L. G. in C, of one or more J. P. and Coroners in each 
city, town or county. Any new Commission of the Peace to supersede all old appointments. 

GOLD AND SILVER MINES. 
Cap. 19-^18 an Act respecting Gold and Silver Mines. It gives power to the L. G. in C. to create 
Mining Divisions by Order in Council ; and such Divisions are, after the publication of such Order, 
made subject to the provisions of the Act. He may also name Inspectors and other officers for each 
Division, such Inspectors to be under the control of the Commissioner of Crown Lands, to have 
the power of J. P. within such Division, " with power to settle summarily all disputes as to extent o> 
boundary of claims, use of water, access thereto, damaj^e by licenses to others, forfeiture of licenses, 
aiid generally to settle all dUiiculties, etc., which may arise under this Act. or offences against any of 
its provisions, or the regulations to be made under it." They may decide all disputed claims betweec 
masters and servants respecting wages, etc., and levy the amount of^judgment. They may grant licenses 
for a fee of $5 each, to be not transferable and good for one year, with privilege of reaewal on a like 
payment. Under it a licensee iray explore and mine on any unoccupied lands within the Division, 
fie may take possession of a claim by planting stakes at the four comers thereof, of the following 
dimensions : for alluvial mines, if on a river or creek, 100 A. front by io« ft. depth from the water's 
e4ge : if in a gully, 100 ft. along it and from hill to hill : if on a surface or side hill dining, 100 ft. 
square. Where a Co. propose to hill-tunnel a larger claim may be granted ; and tor working the bed 
of a river the size of claims to be atthe discretion of the Inspector. For (luartz mining— 150 ft. along 
the lead bv 100 ft. on each side, measuring from the centre. Licensees joining together and forming 
Companies working a claim jointly ma? have 100 ft. additional for each miner after the first, up to 1000 
ft. The Inspector's decision is final as to the nature of each claim. Abandonment for a weeks for- 
feits a claim and re-opens it to be again disposed of unless sickness or other reasonable cause has in- 
terrupted the work ; also failure to comply with rogulations. Mo Mrson can occupy more than one 
claim at one time unless one be registered as temporarily unworkable, which skould bs done with the 
Inspector, and a picket with the number set up, as near as may be, in the middle. He must return 
within one fortnight after the claim is workable or forfeit it. If a person discover a new mine at least 3 
miles distant on a known lead from a known mine, or x mile off the lead (or a mUcs if in alluvial work- 
ings), and report the same forthwith to the Inspector, he shall be entitled to 3 claims of the largest size 
iwiwed, If^ he do not so report he cannot mine on crown lands for i year, A party wall of at least 
3 It., to be used for access to streams when any are near, shall be left between any ouims. Any one 
o^tructing such access by throwing stones or dirt on such wall is liable to a fine of f s or i month's im- 
prisonment in default. If the .vail oe removed the parties removing it shall provide as safe and con- 
venient a mode of access to the water. A similar penalty to the above is inflicted on any one damaging 
or obstructrng an adjoining claim. Removing a picket is punished by a fine of |ao or imprisonment 
in defiiult Any owner otprivate lands may mine thereon for gold and silver, paying royalty. All 



lie 
m( 

3" 

im 

wh 

wh 

du( 

ret 

lice 

-eti 

on 

lice 

fore 

ma} 



Legislation of 1867-68 — Ontario. 



79 



id between 
n I St Janu- 
ist Septem- 
, partridge, 
}e killed by 
an, geese or 
I during the 
I eggs are to 
m $a to $25 
to informer, 
k-rat, mink, 
irember. No 
<x which it is 



land binding 
ed the Stock 
her Munict- 
olders in the 
ions of such 
Haws of any 
afm without 
. c. has been 
s shall never 

ulway from a 
town of St. 
the town of 

Vi $2,000,000 

hin 3 years ; 

)lete within s 

and hold real 

.) and accept 

When sold 

in the Rector 
:m to raise a 
h« to be cet 



14 Vic. Cap. 
e end of the 



iners in each 
Ints 



licensees or lease-holders also pay a ro^ralty on all gold and silver mined, to be not less than a nor 
more than lop. c, as may be determined by the L. G. in C. No mill or machinery for crushing 
quartz is to beused without a license from the Inspector under a penalty of $ioo per day, or a months^ 
imprisonment in default. The owner must give a bond for ^2000. He must keep a book, or books, in 
which are recorded a clear and distinct statement of all quartz crushed, amalgamated or reduced, 
whence taken and the produce, &c., &c. The amount of royalty is to be taken at once out of the pro- 
duce of each lot and paid over from time to time as ordered. Along with the payments he must make 
returns from his books. If this be not done, or if returns or books are fraudulent and incorrect, the 
license is forfeited and the mill owner is Kable to a penalty of $2000. Any mill owner making correct 
-etums and pajrments receives back 5 p. c. of the royalty paid over at the end of each Quarter. Quartz 
or other material containing gold or silver must not be removed from the Division without Inspector's 
license. Each Inspector may appoint ^constables. The L. G. in C. may, by proclamation, put in 
force the " Act respecting riots near public works " in any one or more Divisions. The L. G. in C. 
may make regulations to carry into effect, and in some cases vary, the provisions of the Act, such 
regulations to have the force of law. Power is reserved to the Crown to grant or Iease_ any lands 
within such Mining Divisions, upon such conditions respecting the mines, as the L. G. in C. may 
impose. 

REGISTRATION OF TITLES. 
Cap. 20— Is the Registration of Titles Act. It provides a re{^istry office irfevery riding, county, 
union of counties, and ity. L. G. in C. may remove the office if in an inconvenient place. The 
County Councils must provide safe and fire-proof offices and vaults for the registry. Registrars are to 
be appointed by the Lt. -Governor by commission, and hold office during pleasure only. Before being 
sworn in they must give security for not less than $1000 nor more than $10,000, bond to be in dupli- 
cate, and one copy deposited with the Provincial Secretary, the other with the Clerk of the Peace. 
He may be called on by the inspector for new recognizances. The Registrar and sureties are jointly 
and severally liable for any damage resulting from his neglect or misconduct, or that of his deputy. 
He may appoint one or more deputies, the deputy or senior de^iuty having authority to do any act 
of the Registrar in his absence, death or removal. Neicher himself nor deputy can act as agent 
for anybody in the investment of money or advice as to titles in their county. He must reside within 
10 miles of the office. The Registrar or Acting- Registrar is liable to dismissal for misconduct. Office 
hours are from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The Registrar is to make searches for titles and abstracts of all 
instruments registered with him, and shew the books and original papers in his custody relating to 
the same, upon tender of his fees. He is only bound to produce any such paper in court on a special 
order of a judge. He is to have a seal of office, with which he seals copies of documents registered, 
and thereby renders them as authentic evidence as an original. A registry book is to be furnished 
for each township, city, town or incorporated village within the division by the county treasurer, and 
all documents relatineto lands in either of them are to be registered in separate books, except wills 
and instruments in wkich there is a general devise, conveyance or power affecting lands without local 
description, which are to be registered in a general book for the whole county, and indexed alphabet- 
ically. The county judge or warden shall certify all such books as containing the ascertained number 
of pages, and the purpose for which it is to be uscd._ When a county is detached from a union, or a 
portion of a county made a separate division, provision is made for the handing over to the new 
Registrar of the necesrary books and statements of past registrations, under a penalty on the 
Registrar refusing to deliver them of not more than $400. A registrar removed or resigning must 
deliver up all the bookii, papers, &c., belonging to the office, to his successor or the person named by 
the Attorney-General, under a penalty of not more than $2000, and imprisonment. New registrars 
receiving documents from ihe county from which they are sep?.'ated must re-register them in proper 
books in the order of their first registration, retaining the original numbers. When a book is worn 
out and is becoming illegible, a copy may be made by order of the Inspector from such old book and 
the documents, and has the same validity as the first. An abstract iadex of all documents relating 
to each lot of land, and an alphabetical index according to names, are to be kept by the Registrar — 
the former from ist January, i866. If not complete, they are forthwith to be completed. The 
following instruments maybe registered : — " Grants from the crown, deeds, conveyances, assurances, 
bonds and agreements for the sale or purchase of lands and all other instruments (including sheriffs' 
deeds of land sold by virtue of their office) in any wise affecting in law or equity lands in Ontario ;" 
powers of attorney for making any siich deeds, conveyances. &c. ; wills and devises, certificates of de- 
crees o.f foreclosure, and others ; certificates of the filing or dismissal of any bill or other proceeding in 
cliancery or the equity side of a county court ; certificates of the satisfaction of mortgages ; and of 
payment of taxes, &c., &c., &c. Grants from the crown are registered by the production of the 
orisinal with a true copy, to oe fyled, and sworn to by a party who lias com])ared it ; all other instru- 
ments, except wills, by the deposit of the original or duplicate, or other original part thereof. Wills, 
as grants by the crown, but the copv is to be accompanied by the affidavit of one of the witnesses to 
the will, proving its eyscution, or by letters of Probate, or letters of administration annexed to it ; 
lists of marriages by filing and enterintr them in a book kept fcr the purpose. Instruments executed 
before 1866 may be retjistered, and proof made under the old law. With other instruments besides 
wills, there shall be the affidavit of a subscribing w itness, declaring the execution of the original and 
duplicate, the place, that he l;new one or more parties to the dqcument, and is a subscribing witness, 
tc^ethsr with his own narne_ and addition in full, ^his _ is_ to be made on the instrument, or securely 
attached tViereto. — ■ ~ ■ • • . . ^ . . . 

Cor.imi .luoiier 

court, a commission . _ . _ 

b ,' a j.id -^e, mayor, commissioner, or notary ; in a British Colony by a judge of a court of re"cord, 
(s;-, nv rotary, or in Indi.i, a magistrate or collector ; in a foreign country a mayor, judge of a 
t r r rccrd, Hrlii -h consul or vice consul, or a notary. Any subscribing witness in Ontario may be 
•■': 'c(.l by order of a jud:T;e to make such affidavit. Affirmations are permitted in cases where 
rrc !c,'-?!r.y v.-.'!d. No party to the deed can be such witness, nor any one who has not signed 
-, :-!o • !'.U his own hand. In case o' the death or absence f'om the province of such witnesses, 
vcvijo ctt '-iiv be adduced before a county judge, and registration permitted, if he is satisfied 
1 ch ' 'oo". •Tli'j seal of a court of record or a corporation, with the signature of the secretary, 
..'•;■■ 'roof f f it e!f. Copies of a power of attorney or substitution, with the other documents 
■ -1 • ';!cli Iviv.-i been rer;istered in one registry office, may be given by the registrar, and duly 
' • '. \prl the .2 n^ay be registered iti other offices without further proof. And it is also prima 
",'■ th 2 oric;lnaI, as are such copies above mentioned, in any court, if io days' notice is given 




so 



Le^slation of 1 867-8 — Ontario. 



•'N 



to the opposite party of the intention to use them as such. Notarial copies executed in Quebec, and 
authenticated by seal, may be registered without further furmalily. Any instrument with affidavits 
&c., shall be registered at full length by delivery to the regis-rar thereof nKalwve recjuired. If it have 
wo or more parts, the certificate ot' the registrar may be written on all of them, makmg prima /act*, 
proof of the registration and execution. Instruments relating to several lots of land in various locali- 
ties should be registered in the books of each township, &c., within which they are situate. Upon 
the production of anv instrument, the registrar enters it in the order in which it has been received, 
and files it with affidavit, &c., and shall certify upon it the year, month, day, hour, and minute at 
which it is entered .tnd registered, with the book and number. Such certificate is proof of registration 
in all courts of record. A special, brief form of registration is provided for the assigment ot property 
belonging to the Bank of U. C. Each page of eacli book and each instrument is numbered, and the 
time of registration entered in the margin, and such entry signed. No bill or proceedings in chancery 
affecting any land is notice to any one not a party thereto till a certificate thereof has been registered 
in the county where such lands are. SheriflTs' deeds of sale for taxes must be registered within iSmos., 
and other sheriffs' deeds within 6 mos., otherwise priority of title is lost, against subsequent bona fid* 
registered purchasers. A duly registered certificate of discharge of a mortgage with reference entry 
thereof in the margin of the page on which such mortgage is entered operates as full a discharge of 
such mortgage as a formal release thereof, and reconveyance to the mortgagor or his assigns of the 
estate formerly held. A portion of the lands so mortgaged mav, in like manner, be released- Any 
by-law of a municipal jty taking land for a street or highway must be registered to be valid. Unregister- 
ed instruments, after the crant from the crown, are void as against any subsequent instrument which 
is registered. Wills may be registered within la months after decease of the testator, or after the re- 
moval of any impediment to the registration. Uegistry of any instrument is notice of it to any per- 
son claiming interest in the lands conveyed or incumbered, subsequent to the registry. " Priority of 
registration shall, in all cases, prevail unless before such prior registraiion there shall have been actual 
notice of the prior instrument by the party claiming under prior registration." Equitable liens, Ik., 
are not valid as against a registered instrument executed by the same party, his heirs, &c., and tacking 
cannot prevail against the provisions of the Act. Leases, with possession, under 7 years, need not be 
registered. Fees for entry and certificate, 40 cts, ; for registration, f i.oo up to 700 words, and 15 cts. 
for every additional 100 words up to 1,400, after that 10 cts. per 100. If more than one registration of 
the same deed, 15 cts. per 100 words up to 1,400, and to cts. per 100 words for additional registration. 
Searches for titles of a lot not exceeding 4 references, 25 cts,, and 5 cts. for each additional up to Jla. 
Searching alphabetical index for i township, &c., 2^ cts, ; general, |i. Abstracts of title, 35 cts. for. 
the first 100 words, 15 cts. per 100 after. Copies of instrument, 10 cts. per 100 words. Certificates 35 
cts. Registration of a plan of town or village lots, ^i. For statements, &c,, to new registry office, 10 
cts. per 100 words. For the abstract index, 10 cts. for each instrument, up to $2,000. Each list of 
marriages, %x. Each affidavit, 25 cts. Shewing originals, each (including search) 10 cts. Register- 
ing certificates of discharge, ^o cts., of payment of taxes, 35 cts. A schedule of fees is to be posted up 
in each office. A registrar is not bound to register any instrument until his fees are paid. He shaU 
keep a book shewing the sums received each day, and what for. Parties subdividing lots into town or 
village lots are bound to register a plan on a scale not less than i inch to 4 chains, sliewing the roads, 
streets, lots, commons, &c. Instruments subsequently made must conform to that plan or they can- 
not be registered. And thereafter, inda.xes and registrations are to be made according to such plan. 
If the party refuse or neglect to register it, after he has been requested to do so bv the inspector or 
any one interested, he incurs a penalty of $30 per month. Old plans of survey and subdivision to be 
registered within 6 months. No plan to be binding or necessarily registered until some sale has been 
made under it. And the courts can order the alteration or amendment of it on the application of 
any party interested. Any village or town on the land of different proprietors shall be surveyed into 
uniform lots and streets, and the plan registered on the demand of the inspector or any one interested, 
the cost to be paid out of the general funds, if the village or townisincorporated, if not, by a special rate 
on the lands and propyerty included within the survey. Refusal or neglect to make and register such 
survey — punishable as above. Where books and dccuments filed have been destroyed or lost, a docu- 
ment having the registrar's certificate upon it may be re-registered, having priority according to that 
certificate,^ by order of any judge of a court of record. Former registration shall not be void for cleri- 
'cal or similar errors, nor because made in a separate book for unincorporated villages which shall be 
reckoned re|;istration in the book of the proper municipality, but this is not to effect pending actions. 
The provinaal registrar shall furnish at once, and every 3 months^ hereafter to each registrar, a state- 
ment of all grants made by the crown within his county or district, and the commissioner of crown 
lands shall furnish maps and plans of all townships, towns, &c., not already furnished, causing surveys 
to be made where not already made. The Lt.-Governor may appoint an inspector of registry offices, 
with a salary of |3.poo. He has authority to inspect all offices, and to see that the law is in every 
respect properly carried into effect, reporting to the Lt -Governor for his information and decision. 

PRISON AND ASYLUM INSPECTION. 
C»p. 31 — Is "The Prison and Asylum Inspection Act." The Lt.Governor is authorized to ap- 
point an Inspector of all public Asylums, Hospitals, Public Gaols and Reformatories, with .n salary of 
^^dooo per annum inclusive of travelling expenses. He must visit and inspect each of these Penal In- 
stitutions twice in the year, and report to the Lt. Governor. He may also, subject to the approval of 
the L. G, in C., alter the regulations for the management and government of the gaols of the Province, 
County Couiicils having also power to make regulations not inconsistent with the Act or such Govern- 
ment regulations. No gaol shall hereafter be built without the approval of the Inspector, or if not so 
approved, will not be recognized bv the Government and Courts as the County Gaol. He shall visit 
and inspect the Lunatic Asylums three times in the year, and frame By-laws for them, subject to the 
approval of the Lt. Governor, to whom he shall report all his proceedings. He shall also make an 
annual report transmitring the reports made to him by the Siiperintendents and Bursars of such 
Asylums, who must report annually to him. He is to inspect twice a year all Hospitals or Benevolent 
Institutions recei^. .'ng any grant from Goverrment, and report upon its management, and whenever re- 
auired make a sp..ia1 inspection and report. He shall inspect and report upon any private Lunatic 
A&vlum once in the year ; and if his report be unfavorable the license may be revoked. He shsjl 
make a general report to the Lt. Governor on or before the ist October in each year. If the Inspect- 
or finds any gaol to be defective he reports the some to the Lt. Governor, furnishing a copy to the 
Municipal Council of the City or County, and the Council must then appoint a Committee to confer 
with the Inspector respecting the repairs, alterations or additions necessary. If they do not agree the 
L, G. in C. is to decide Mtween them, and such decision may be enforced upon the Council by 



Legislation of 1867-8 — Ontario. 



bl 



uebec, and 
h affidavite 
If it have 
ima facit, 
'ious locali- 
»te. Upon 
m received, 
i minute at 
registration 
ot property 
ed, and the 
in chancery 
1 registered 
liin iSmos., 
it bona fid* 
:/ence entry 
discharge of 
signs of the 
tsed. Any 
Unregister- 
iment which 
after the re- 
; to any per- 
" Priority of 
> been actual 
ie liens, &c., 

and tacking 

need not be 
i, and IS cts. 
;gistration of 

registration, 
nal up to %i. 
le. 25 cts. for 
lertincates as 
stryofiBce, lo 

Each list of 
s. Register- 
be posted up 
i. He shall 
I into town or 
ng the road^ 

or they can- 

such plan. I 
inspector or 

livision to be 
^ale has been 
[pplication of 
iurveyed into 
fie interested, 
la special rate 
[register such 

1 lost, a docu- 
rding to that 
Void for cleri- 
hich shall be 
[ding actions. 
Itrar, a state- 
lier of crown 

sing surveys 
[istrjr offices, 

■ is in every 

lecision. 



prized to ap- 
1 a salary of 
be Penal In- 
approval of 
lie Province, 
[ich Govem- 
j or if not so 
le shall visit 
Ibject to the 
lo make an 
lars of such 
1 Benevolent 
Vhenever re- 
ate Lunatic 
He shall 
khe Inspect- 
topy to the 
le to confer 
lot agree the 
1 Council by 



to 



■ih 



Mandamus issued out of either of the Superior Courts a; the instance of the Attorney General or any 
private prosecutor. But the repairs and alterations are not to be made more extensive than necesshy 
requires and the resources of tbc County permit. 

PROCEEDINGS IN JUDGES' CHAMBERS. 
Cap. a» — Provides that any one acting as a Judge of Assize or Nisi Prius may during the sittings 
act as a Judge in Chambers as if he w(>re of one of the Superior Courts : and the two Chief Justices, 
or in their absence two Judges, may wlien necessary appoint either of the clerks of the Crown and 
Pleas, or a barrister of at least five years' standing to do such duty in Chambers. 

ADMISSION OF ATTORNEYS. 

Ca/. 33— Is " The Attorneys Act of 1868," and provides that all persons of the classes mentioned 
in sub-sections i and 3 of section 3 of the 35th chapter of the Consolidated Statutes of Upper Canada, 
shall pass two examinations before the Law Society under regulation of the Benchers, one in the year 
next but two before their final examination, the other in the year next but one before. Persons 
whose indentures have not 4 years to run are dispensed from the first, and those having less than a 
years and 6 months to run, or whose indentures have been fulfiUedare exempt froji both examinations. 
If a person fails to appear for either examination on acconnt of illness, or fails to pass, the Benchers 
may give him another opportunity, but not more than 9 months must elapse between any a of his 3 
exammations. 38 Vict. cap. 31, s. 3 & 7 are amended. 

COMMON LAW PROCEDURE. 

Cap. 34— Amends the Common Law Procedure Act. Sec. 324 is repealed, and it is enacted that 
in actions of trespass, or trespass on the case where the verdict is less than $i the plaintiff shall re- 
cover no costs unless the Judge certify him entitled to full costs, and if that certificate be not granted 
defendant may set off costs against verdict or recover balance unless the Judge certi^ that he is not 
eulitled to do so. In case a Division Court suit is brought in a County or Superior Court, then if the 
Judge certifies it a fit cause to be so withdrawn from the Lower Court, theplaintiff recovers costs <^ 
the Court in which he has brought suit. If the Judge signifies that plaintiiifaad reasonable cause to 
suppose he had the right so to withdraw his suit from the Lower Court, then plaintiff recovers tBie 
costs of the Lower Court. In case the Judge does not certify, then the plaintitt only recovers costs 
of the Lower Court, and the defendant may tax his full costs as between attorney and client, and 
set off all above Lower Court costs against plaintiff's costs and verdict. Sect. 271 is repealed, uid it 
is enacted that in case the money made by a Sheriff under a Writ of Execution is less than ibe 
amount endorsed on the Writ, he can '- >• claim poundage on the amount so realized, and in case 
of satisfaction after seizure without sale ue shall have only his fees and expenses and poundage on the 
amount seized not exceeding the amount of the Writ, or such less sura as the Judge shall direct In 
case of seizure in several counties and such satisfaction without sale, the Sberitf shall have no pound- 
age but his fees and such reasonable allowance, when there are no fees, as the Court shall allow ; the judge 
may reduce the Sheriff's fees and poundage whenever he shall deem them excessive (although allow- ^ 
gd in the tariff as under the Act) on application by the party, notice having been given tothe SheriiL' ' 

WRITS OF EXECUTIC 'J. 
Cap. 3S— Amends the 39 and 30 Vic, c. 43. Sections s and o of that Act, and sss of the Commoa 
Law Procedure Act are repealed, an^ it is enacted that a Writ of Execution against lands and tene- 
ments may issue at the same time as the Writ against goods, or at any time theroafter, but no sale 
shall be bad under it till a return oi nulla bona in whole or in psrt, is made upon the former Writ, nor 
within 13 months of the issue of such Writ against lands. Ar.** no such return of nulla bona shall be 
rendered by the Sheriff^U all the debtor's goods and chattels in tnc County be exhausted. If enough 
is levied under the Writ against goods the plaintiff cannot have the costb ."f the Writ against lands, 

OVERHOLDING TENANTS. 
Cap. 36— Is " an Act respecting; overholding tenants." It repeals the Act 37 and 38 Vict, c jp, 
and enacts, when a lease, whether in writing or verbal, has been terminated by a notice to quit from 
the landlord or otherwise, and the tenant refuses to give up possession, the landlord may apply to thit 
County Judge setting forth the facts on affidavit, llie Judge appoints a tim- ci.d place for inquiry. 
If it appear on such affidavit the tenant wrondiilly holdswithout colour of rigbi', ..iice thereof is served 
on the tenant 3 days before the date fixed, i/the distance be 30 milos, and one uay for each further 201. 
If the tenant make default, or if after summarily hearing the parties and witnesses,, it appear that the 
tenant holds without colour of right, the Judge orders a Writ to issue in the (Queen's name to the 
Sheriff to put the landlord in possession : otherwise he dismisses the application. The parties are 
competent witnesses. Th% proceedings form part of the County Court Records. The c.nse may be 
taken up to one of the Superior Courts by certiorari on motion before <He end of the second term after 
the issue of such Writ, and if such Court reverses the decision it v,;.!;. issue a Writ to restore the 
tenant to possession until the question of right be tried. The Superior Court may make rules respect- 
ing costs in these cases. Proceedings under this Act do not stop the landlord's recourse by action qf E^. 
ejectment. The provisions of this Act apply to tenancies from week to week, month by month, or year 
by year, or at will, as well as all others. In tenancies by the week or month, a week or a month's 
notice to quit is sufficient to determine the lease. Service to be made as in respect of Writs and Pn^ 
ceedings in actions of ejectment. 

PURCHASE OF REVERSIONS 
Cap. 37-Is " The purchasers of Reversions Act (1868)." In case a purchase before the Act of 
anjr reversionary interest is sought to be set aside for under value, the onus probandi m on the 
plaintiff. No purchase ;^er the Act shall be set aside on such ground. 

AUCTIONS OF ESTATES. 
Cap. 38— Is " The Am .ions of Estates Act" A " puffer" is a person appointed by the seller to 
bid on Iiis behalf at such sale- Unless in the particulars of or conditions of sale it is .stated that it is 
subject to a reserved price, or the right of the seller to bid, the sale shall be deemed to be without 
reserve, and it shall not be lawful for the seller or puffer to bid, or for the auctioneer to take a bid 
from either of them. If the reserve is made, the seller or one puffer may bid in such manner as the 
seller thinks proper, but the seller «nay not become the purchaser. 

AGRICULTURE, ARTS, &c. 
Cap. 39— Is " An Act for the encouragement of Aericulturc, Horticulture, and Arts and Manv- 
factures." The Bureau of Ai^icuiture and Arts is attached to the Departmennt of the Commissioner 
of Agriculture and Public Works. The Commissioner is ex offcio a member of tiie Council of Uk 



■'■•. 



82 



Leg^latim ^1867-68 — Ontario. 



Institntes, Arts Associations^ 

th* President and V. PJ are Directors, 

President of the Fruit Growers Association, and oft 

with la elective members form the council which acts on behalf of the association between its annual 



Agricultorml Association. It is his duty to institute inquiries and collect useful statistics respecting 
agricultural, mechanical, and manufacturing interests,, and publish and disseminate them in the 
manuer best adapted to promote improvement and immigration. He is to establish a free museum 
md library in connection with the bureau. The Agricultural Association and societies, municipal 
eouncils, mechanics' institutes, public institutions and public officers are bound to answer communi- 
aitions from, and make diligent enquiry to supply information to the bureau, under a penalty of $40. 
The commissioner may appoint an inspector to inspect the books and accounts of the agricultural 
■ocieties, or others receiving aid through the Bureau. The Council, the Presidents and V. P's. of all 
Ag. Societieii, Horticultural Societies and Mechanics' Institutes, and subscribers of £t per annum 
constitute the Association. Subscription of |io constitutes a person a life member. The Council and 
the ex-Presidents of the Association, and the Presidents and V. P's. of County Societies, Mechanics, 
lions, and Hortictltural Societies (or two members for each elected in p.'ace of 



The Com'r. Profs, of Ajg., the Chief Sup't. of Education, the 
rtne Association of Mechanics' Institutes, top;cther 



meetings, receives its moneys, and orders all its expenditures. All contracts are to be made wi .. it. 
The province is divided into la districts, as follows ^— i. Stormont, Dundas, Glengarry, Prescott, 
and Coniwall. a. Lanark, Renfrew, Ottawa (city)« Ctrleton, and Russell. 3. Frontenac, Kingst^.n, 
Leeds, Grenville, and Brockville. 4. Hastings, Prince Edward, Lennox, and Addington. 5. Dur- 
ham, Northumberland, Peterborough, and Victoria. 6. York, Ontario, Peel, CardwelT, and Toronto. 
7. Wellingtra, Watsrloo, Wentworth, Halton, and Hamilton. 8. Lincoln, Welland, Haldlmand, 
Afonck, ari Niagara, o. Elgin, Brant, Oxford, and Norfolk, lo. Huron, Bruce, Grey, Algoma, 
aadS^mciye. n.Perth, Middlesex, and London. la. Essex, Kent, Bothwell, and Lambton. The 
societies in eack district, at their annual meetings, shall elect a person to represent them in the council 
lu cjse of equality of votes, the commissioner nas the casting vote, and vacancies are Ailed by him. 
The first election to take place at the annual meeting, in 1869, and the la then elected replace all the 
present elective members of council. The members representing i, a, 3 and 4, retire in 1870. and 
odiers are elected in theii stead ; in 1871. 5, 6, 7 and 8 ; in 1873, 9, 10, 11 and la, and so to continue, 
4 tetii ing every year after serving 3 years. The members of council are to serve gratuitous! v. except 
al'iawrnce for actual expenses. A paid secretary is to be appointed, and the auditors may be rcmu- 
Berated. The first meeting of the council is to be called in February, when a president, vice-presi- 
dent, and treasurer are to be elected. They are to hold an annual fair, open to the Dominion, and to 
Ibnign countries, if they see fit ; to procure, and set in operation, a model farm : to obtain improved 
breeds of animaJs, and varieties of grain, vegetables, &c., and new implements, and to test them, and 
adopt any other meant for the improvement of agriculture, they may also establish a veterinary scho' '. 
They are to keep a record of their proceedings, and may publish reports, essays, &c. The council is 
a body corporate, may hold real estate, ftc, and the property of the old board and association is vested 
IB them. The directors meet annually, and elect auditors who examine and report on the accounts 
of the treasurer, and furnish their report to the Comr., and to the affiliated societies, institutes, &c. 
They also fix the place for the next exhibition, and may mak^ rules and regulations for its mniiage- 
aaeolt. and appoint a local committee at such place. Mechanics' Institutes are allowed to j'^inin 
iMming a provincial association, hv votes of their directors, to bi known .is the Association of Mechan- 
ics' Institutes of Ontario, and which, when it has deported a topy of its constitution and by-laws 
vltfa the Comr. becomes a body corporate. It meets annually at the same time and place as the 
Agricnltuml Association, each associated institute to be represented by its president and vice p. and 
^1^ elected officers. Any institute having evening classes or a library«of books on mech.inics, 
engineering, chemical ana cither manu&ctiires is to receive a grant of not more than $200 per annuin, 
Imt not greater than the sum specifically appropriated for these purposes by such institute out tJi its 
oWn revennes. Five per cent of such grants are to be paid over to the association. A report is to 
M annually made to tiie Comr. The fhiination of herticultnral societies is also authorized in each 
tSMi or town of not less than Sjooo inhabitants by 50 subscribers of %\ each. It ranks as a township 
agricultural society in participation in grants to county societies and reporting to them. A I'ruit 
St>wer's Assodation for the Province is also authorised, to be a txidy coiporate and receive a r;raot 
of not more than $350. It is to hold a meeting ai the same time as the Ag. association. An'nCTi- 
toitural society may be formed by sopersons pajnng %t per annum in each electoral division repre^uin led in 
jMUrliament, the two divisions of Toronto to form one. Annual meetings are to be called by the 
Member of ths legislature in the third week of January. They elect a president, vice-p., sccrc.ary 
■nA treasOrcr, two auditors, and not more titan nine directors. The directors must report aiin'.:ally 
^ten- proceedings, thenamesof all members and their subscriptions, the amount awarded in prizes, 
ind for whati with such remarks and suggestions aa they deem useful, and a detailed account ni all 
iBoeipts and disbursements, showing separately the expense of management. Report to be ucni in to 
tile bareaa before the ist March. They receive reports of township and horticultural socle. 1^:; <ind 
itnmamit them. Fifty persons paying %x may forni a society in any township or more than o.nc cni.ed. 
They must bold their meetings in the second week in January, officers the same a.<> a county :-,oc!;::y. 
"Rie directors of the county society decide where ''be annual exhibition is to be held. Any two 
«onnties or towniships may join for the purpose of exhiintion, &c., and erect buildings for suc!i : lio'.ys, 
and acquire and hold sufficient land. No separate townsliip show shall be held in the same lo.vn- 
ship Where the rc^mty show is held in any year, but the f.mds of the township shall merge '\■^ I'm : of 
tba county, ar> ambers of the towiiship become thereby members of the county socie:v Any 
oonnty society having r^larly reported for the previous year, who sends in an alTidivit r.iid 
letoms before the ist July, showing that the county and township and horticultural cccic.ies 
have raised not leas than ^ioo,:Hhall receive three times ar much from the Provincial Trc.-.j:.r;r 
lip to #700. ToKivto may receive ^530, Kingston, Hamilton, UrockviUi, Niasaia, Cc:.;- J, 
London and Ottaan ^330 each, when loronto subscribes two-thirds and er.i' of the othc: |>.l^ 
tiiird as much to a society within its limits for the encouragement of a^ricul* - ' , Iiorticulurc, in .iU' 
... . -"thsof ■ ^ " . ■ '. _■ :_ : 

*" ■ • ' ■ (I 

:^.t 
:g 
j| 
lO 

ly 

ir 
a 



Jtwtttre, and works of art. Three-fifths of the grant to the county society may '^e divided n::^:"v: ibe 
Unmship and horticultnnl societies within such county, but no society can receive more t!-. 
times the amouat of its own awhsci iptions or one-fillh of the whole county grant. The ci.iii 
is to be supported by ths s4»davit of the treasurer as to thi subicrlfjiioa.) to tlie society. A 1 
who has paid his subscript<Mi (or this next yeai before ths ist January, may vote at 1:1 
> BMetftijIis. The L.-GovarB«r mmms his warrant for the whole amount of grant to tlie Cu. 
distributes it. County societies are bodiei cjrponte and a t^.v.tii i J3:uty may b::ri 1 
deefaurfau; its d^sa and fylii« the dsclaradoi) with the bureau. Tiisy may buy and h 
shows, dec 



L, and separately or oo-jointiy with tb^ municipal anthority may purchase an-l 



T^gislation of 1867-68 — Ontario. 



83 



school farm not exceeding aoo acres. Wher- electoral divisions have been recently r'.ivided, separate 
sodeties are to be formed and the property heretofore held equitably divided. Municipalities may 
grant land or money to societies for the purposes of the Act. An^ local J. P. may appoint con- 
stables to preserve order during a fair or exhibition. Any person injuring property, obstructing the 
officers of the society, or such constables in the discharge of their duty, or improperly gaiaing admis- 
sion to the grounds during a show, may be fined from %i to I20. Gamblmg, theatrical, circus, or 
mountebank performances, exhibitions or shows, may be prohibited : and nuckstering, trafficing 
in spirituous or intoxicating drinks, fruits, goods, &c., within 300 yards of the exhibition grounds, 
may be re^ilated by the association under a uke penalty, and removal by the ccnstsbles. 

MUNICIPAL INSTITUTIONS. 
Cmp. 30- Amends the Municipal Institutions Act, »q & 30 Vic, cap. st & 53. In place of sub- 
section I of sec. Tfjy it provides that the amount to be paid by a town to the county, after passage of 
by-law referred to, for expenses of justice, registry offic:, &c., and payment of debt, shall be agreed 
upon or referred to arbitration, the agreement or award to state the amount to be an:iUiilly paid, and 
for how many years. Sub-section 5, is amended bv adding words to iriclude vlie ex^ienses under 
the registration Act. Section 30 is amended by adding the alternative case i;r two-thirds cf the 
resident freeholders and householders of one or more junior townships, petitioning the county coancil 
to be separated from one and joined to another adjoining municipality, which Huch council may, by 
by-law, grant. To tlie end of sec 48 a proviso is added, permitting the senior to pay to the junior 
county its proportion of ar-^etsat the time of separation- In place of the sub-section j of section 66 as 
amended, it is provided that all town councils shall have three councillors to eveiy ward, instead of 
two, whatever the number of wards : to retire as provided for ia case of incorporated towns ; when 
not separated from county to have a Reeve as well as Mayor. Instead of 500 " resident qualified 
electors," " joo frcv'iolden and householders" on the assessment roll is made the title to a deputy 
r^ve or additional deputies in towns not separated from a county. The qualification of aldermen 
in cities is made " freehold to I3000 or leasehold to f 6000." Section 73 is amended by substituting 
the words sheriff's bailiff for sheriff's officer, and by adding registrars, deputy clerks of the crown, and 
clerics of the county court, to those disqualified firom being councillors, at.d doing away with the 
disqualification on account of the non-payment of taxes. Section 75 is amended by adding the words 
" and tenani&i" after " householders," in the 4th line, and striking out " but not jointly," aft ^r " sever- 
ally," and before "rated," in the 7th line. In section 76 the amount of rateable propert* is reduced 
in cities to f 500, in t fs to II300, in incorporated villages to f 200, and in townships and Police 
villages $too. Section 00 is so altered that if the property of ioint owners is rated for a sum large 
enough, if divided equally between them, to qualify each, tner. each is (rated ; otherwise none. 
Section 81 is so altered as to make the legislative franchise in cities, towns, and incorporated 
villages, agree with the municipal fianchi^e in the new section 76, except in townships where 
it is $300, In sub-section 3 of section 100, the words, "and a poll be demanded by any 
candidate or elector" are struck out. The word town&hip is struck out of sub-section 7, 3ra 
line. Sub-section 8 is so amended as to cause the certificate of the state of the poll to be posted up 
at the town hall, instead of a public declaration. Sub-section a of section 101 is so amended as to 
provide for the appointment of retuming-officer by by-law, and sub-section 4 by providing for opining 
polls without forimd demand at such places as are fixed by by-law. Sub-Section 6 is so amended that 
the town derk is to prepare the poll books, writiug in the names of candidates and the returning officer 
(no poll clerk being referred to) to enter the votes offered. Section 105 is so amended as to make 
the clerk of council presiding officer at the election of mayors of cities. The reference to a demand 
of the poll is struck out of sec iii. Among other verbal alterations in sec. 194, a person is rendered 
disoualified by becoming insolvent under the Acts of 1864 and 1865, instead of by being " declared a 
bankrupt :" and a return of nulla bona is struck out among the disqualifying oause& The 8th, 9th, 
and 13th lines are struck out of sec 156. By a new section 165, assessors are requirt i to distinguish 
between freeholders, householders andUtumts, and a third column is added in which the letter T. is 
to btt catered for the last class. Clause 7, of sub-section 3 of sec. 346, isso amendei ' as to allow a 
member of a corporation to be appointed and receive pay as commissioner, superintendent, or over- 
seer of any road or work, and all such payments made and not contested iu the courts are dedared 
legal. The clause is silent respecting the post of valuator. Sec. 271 is so amended as to allow pay 
to members attending committees of council. In sec 373 the words " or any other source" are added 
after " Fund" in the third line. In 379, " and incorporated village" is inserted after " Township," in 
the first line. A sub-section is added to 380, which makes it the duty (which may be enforced on 
the petition of 13 fi«eholders) of a council to clear its part of a stream passing through more than one 
raunidpality when the adjoining one has done so. The spscial rates to be levied under sub-section 3 
of sec 383 are to be levied " in the same manner as other tasds are levied." The words " house- 
holders or" are struck out of sub-section 3 of sec 86. " Ess^ ^nd all articles required for familyuse, 
and such as are usually sold in the market," are added to sub-section 11 of sec. 296, providing ajgainst 
forestalling, &c. " Butchers" are added aftci- " hucksters" in sub-section i3. The commissioners 
of police are given the power respecting cabs, &c., heretofore held by city councils under sub-sec 
31. "Also to remove tne same'^^is struck out of the 3rd line of sub-section 47 : and "town" is added 
after "dty" in the ist line of sec. 301. A sub-section is added to 269, authorizing the prevention of 
throwing rubbish, &c., on anv street, road, &c. A sub-section is added to 345, allowing corporations 
to sell nghts to mine under the roads. A proviso is added to 357, that aldermen and reeves must 
take the qualification oath before acting as J. P. Salaries under s. 3:^1 are to be paid half-yearly. 373 
isamendedbyinsertiiw after "adjudicate'' the words "upon, admit 'o bail, dischirge prisoner, or 
otherwise act." All wkf the word "law" in the^h line of 397 is struck out. Section 413 is so 
amended as not to render the opening of a hou!>e of industry or refuge obligatory, extending the timr< 
to 4 years, and allowing cities and towns tojoin with counties, or unions of counties, without reference 
to the number of people, for the purpose of maintaining it Sub-sections i , 3, ^ & 4 of 396 are made 
)4>plicatde to counties as well as. to cities, towns, &c. Power is given to municipalities to exempt for 
5 yean certain roanuiacturors from taxation. Counties having gravel or macadamized roads on 
which no tolls are levied, are given power of licensing and resulatiag livery stables, and horses and 
vehicles kept for hire, &c, ftc, &c. S. 196 is amended by substiiutmg the wori "clectcs" for the 
wards "those entitled to vote on such by-law," iu sub-section 7, and in the ne;;t sub-section the terms 
of qualificatjon of leawholders are incorporated in the oath to be tuken. 

JOINT STOCK COMPANIES. 
Cy. 31— AmoBds the Acts respecting Joint Stock Companies. Sec. 87 c<*cap. 49 of the U. C 
Coniofidated StaUttM, and sec 6 of the 39 Vi&, cap. 36 are repealed. A company or M unicipa- 



S4 



Legislation of 1 867-8 — Ontario. 





' h'u 



Council neglecting to repair a toll road after the notice provided in the Act within the time specified in 
it, forfeits all right to collect toll nt the two gates nearest on cither side to the unrepaired place : and 
for every three months after the first during which the repair is not made, they forfeit the tolls at two 
more gates, one on either side of those previously lost. When the Directors of the Co. or the Council 
pretend that the repairs have been suflicicntly made though the Engineer refuses acceptance, or that the 
original report of the Engineer concerning the road was wronj;, the matter is referred to arbitration. 
The Directors or Council appoint one and call upon the requisitionists to appoint another, and the two 
appoint a tliird, or failing to do so fur six days, the judge appoints him. Neither the Engineer nor 
any member of CoiKicil or the Co. can serve. Within 6 days the arbitrators examine and report upon 
the road ordering such repairs as they find necessary, and may authorise the Council or^ the Co. to 
levy tolls during the reasonable time granted for such repairs. Their award in duplicate is to be filed 
in the first division court and served on the Council or Co. Should the repairs made prove satisfactory, 
they grant a certificate, or if not, order iheir completion, granting, or prohibiting tolls. A fee of ^ per 
day is allowed to arbitrators. The Act 33 Vic, cap. j^, sec. a, is amended, by striking out the words 
*' to his satisfaction." The Directors of a Co. or Municipal Council are allowed to acquire or appro- 

friate gravel beds, or carrv away stone or gn^vel within a township through which the road passes, 
'ayroent to be settled under the U. C. Con. Stat., cap. 49. The interest of any Co. in a road may be 
sold by execution althoiii«h the six months' delay shall have expired before such sale, and on repay- 
ment to the munici))ality the moneys expended on such road after the expiry of the 6 months, and 
registering their certificate to that effect, the purchaser becomes the proprietor of the road with a 
rignt to levy tolls. 

MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANIES. 
Cafi. 3a — Amends the Mutual Insurance Co's. Act. It authorizes such Co's. to elect a Vice- 
President to act in the alienee of the President. Acts heretofore done by V.-P's. are declared valid. 
In an action on a Premium note the certificate of the Secretary of the assessment made and amount 
due on the note in consequence is prima facie evidence. The cash premium forms no part of an 
annual assessment. The Directors may re-insure risks. Persons paying cash premiums once a year 
tor insurance are liable to no other assessment and are not members of the Co. unless epecially made 
SCI by by-law. The Co. may form a reserve fund out of moneys in hand after payment of losses and 
exoenses, or may specially assess <6r that purpose, devoting it to pay cff guarantee stock or other 
liabilities, meantime investing in Dominion securities. Debentures, tv.ito^ oills, &c., for not more 
ilian one year may be renewed, but the original debt must be paid on within two years, under cap. 52, 
i>ec. 60 of U. C. Con. Stat. All parties assessed must be notified by post Eacn Co. must furnish 
iach year to the Assembly and Lt. -Governor a statement of the cash in hand, valu<; of real estate, of 
bonds and mortgages, public debt or other stock, amount unassessed of premiu.n notes, amount 
assessed but unpaid, risks outstanding, losses unpaid, amount due on securities given. 

BUTTER AND CHEESE MANUFACTORIES. 
Cap. ^3— Is "An Act to protect Butter and Cheese Manufacturers." It punishes any one 



..Dishing impure, tainted, skimmed, diluted or adulterated milk, or keeping batk strippinss after 

'"icting to supply to a factory, with a fine of from %\ to f 50, to be levied on complainc beiore two 

I one half to go to the person complaining and one half to thii municipality. In default, the 



contracting to supply to a factory, with a fine of from %\ to #51 

J. P., one half to go to the person complaining and one hal. .w ..... ...»...w.|.c...... .» »«•>«•>, 

offender may be imprisoned for not more than la days. Damages may also be recovered. No. J. P. 
interested in a butter or cheese factory may hear the complaint. Any cheese or butter manufitcturer 
taking milk of his customers for his private use is liable to the same punishment. Appeal is given 
under U. C. Con. Stat., cap. 114. 

TRACTION ENGINES ON HIGH RfiADS. 
Cap. 34— Authorizes the use of traction engines upon the high roads for the conveyance of freight 
and passengers. They are not to e?:ceed ao tons weight ; speed not to be more than 6, nor in cities, 
&c., more than 3 miles per hour. The person using it must strengthen the bridges and culverts 
at his own expense, but such expense is to be divided with the other owners of engines used there. 
The width of driving wheels is to be 13 inches, of the trucks or waggons dravm 4 inches for the ist z 
tons load, and half an inch more for each further ton. They ate to be stopped and assistance to pass 
given to persons or vehicles. If run after dark to carry a red light in front and green in rear. Run- 
ning through a city. &c., a messenger is sent 15 to 30 yard.* in advance canying a red flag by day and 
a red lantern at night. Any city or town may procure an order from a judge to stop such engines 
running through ceuain streets, but not so as to bar them from passing through altogether. In the 
case oftoll roads, the party using the engine sliall ,<^ve notice before doing so to the owners of such 
road, who shall thereupon strengthen the bridges and culverts, or if they fail, thee the engine owners 
may do so, and deduct the expense out of the tolls subsequently incurred. The ownei s of the road 
may levy a special rate oftoll on each engine, truck, or wwgon, and if the engine owners consider it 
unfair the rates are to be settled by arbitration. Cap. 49, U. C. Con. Sut. 'w. made applicable to Co's. 
formed to use traction engines. An^ one contravening the Act is liable to a penalty of $< to JI25, 
recoverable before a J. P. and imprisonment in default, besides damages. Fines are to be paid to the 
Chamberlain or Treasurer of the Municipality. An appeal lies from sua.mary conviction under it. 

MUSKOKA. 
Cap. 35— Provides for the temiorial organization of M>:skoka. The L. G. in C. may, by pro- 
clamation, erect the townships of Morrison, Muskoka, M' r:k. Watt, Cardwell and Humphrey, and 
th^ unorganized tract lying between the southern boundary of Humphrey and the river Severn, and 
bounded on the west by the western boundary of Hmnphiey produced to the river Severn, (tobeforthe 
purposes of this Act deUched from Simcoe) arid the townships of Ryde, Draper, Macaulay, Stephen- 
son. Brunei, McLean and Oakley, (tp be detached from Victoria), and the temporary judicial disirict 
of Nipissing into such district. He may appoint a stipendiary mazistrate to reside at such place as 
he m ly direct in such district, with a salary of |iooo, besides fees of J. P. and clerk. Sections 5 and 
7to8ti inclusive, of cap. 138, U. C. Con. Stat, and the schedules are made applicable tothis district. 
The L. G. in C. may appoint persons to be J. P. there without property qualification, or stated 
residence there. Appeals lie from their decisions to the quarter sessions for Simcoe. A Registrar 
for the district may also be appointed, and the Registrars o*" Niprssinir, Simcoe and Victoria transfer 
to him books and papers referring to lands within the new t itrict. The Superior Courts in Toronto 
may appoint commissioners for taking affidavits, recognizances and bail. For all municipal purposes, 
for the administration of justice, except as herein provided, and for representation i.i the Assembly 
these townships, ,Irc., remain as they were. But the Lt. -Governor may detach other townships or 
territnrv from Nipissing and attach it to Muskoka, bad declare the latter a provisional {uncial district 
under U. C. Con. Stat., cap. 138, sec. 93. 



le specified in 
d place i and 
i tolls at two 
<t the Council 
ce, or that the 
:o arbitration. 
r, and the two 
Engineer nor 
d report upon 
ir the Co. to 
: is to be filed 
e satisfactory, 
Lfeeof|4per 
}ut the words 
lire or appro- 
road passes. 
I road may be 
nd on repay- 
months, and 
I road with a 



elect a Vice- 
ledared valid, 
e and amount 
no part of an 
IS once a year 
specialty made 
t of losses and 
stock or other 
, for not more 
under cap. p, 
must furnish 
real estate, of 
r.otes, amount 



Ishes any one 
trippings after 
inc betore two 
[n default, the 
ed. No.J. P. 
r manufacturer 
ppeal is given 



ance of freight 
nor in cities, 

and culverts 

used there. 

for the idt i 
stance to pass 

rear. Run- 
ag by day and 
such engines 
ither. In the 
wners of such 
engine owners 

of the road 
ers consider it 
icabletoCo's. 

of $5 to *3S, 
be paid to the 

under it. 

may, by pro- 
nmphrey, and 
Severn, and 
, (to be for the 
ilay, Stephen- 
idicial district 
juch place as 
lections 5 and 
this district, 
on, or stated 
A Registrar 
itoria transfer 
in Toronto 
lal purposes, 
.je Assembly 
townships or 
i^cial district 



L'gislaiion of 1867-8 — Ontario. 



85 



LANDS IN ALGOMA. 
Caf. 36 — Imposes a tax on patented lands in Algoma, of a cts. per acre.' The Cowr. of Crown 
Lands furnishes a list of all lands patented and in c.ich subsequent anniiil list the further land 
patented, which list is recorded in t'le Treasurer's books, with tlie amount of tax against each lot 
Arrears due on the 31st December and unpaid on the ist April are to be carried forward with 10 p. c. 
added, together with the taxes for the current year to the account against each lot. When such 
taxes are 3 vears in arrears the treasurer issues his warrant to the sheriff of the district or of the 
county_ of York to levy the same, after which the Treasurer himself cannot receive payment. He 
advertises the list of such lands with taxes due th'ireon and notification of sale not less than 3 mos. 
nor more than 6 after the first public.itiun. If taxes not sooner paid the sheriff proceeds to sell lands 
diid the purchaser receiving his certificate holds them, but may not waste the timber, &c., on them 
pending right to pay taxes to the sheriff. The owner may thus redeem within one year. The costs 
are added to the taxes by the sheriff in levying. If not redeemed within a year, the purchaser under 
the sheriffs sale is entitled to a deed. The taxes are payable at the Treasurer's office in Toronto, but 
be may appoint agents to receive them within the district. 

COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGEONS. 

Cap. 37 — Is " An Act respecting Dentistry," and incorporates " The Royal College of Dental 
Surgeons of Ontario," with power to establish a dental college at Toronto, appoint profcisors, and 
fix a curriculum of study and terms of articles for students of dental surgery before being licensed to 
practice. The board is to hold two sittings each year in January and July to examine students, 
grant certificates. &c. Persons who have been five years in practice may receive a license on pay- 
ment of fees. If a less time, upon examination ana payment of fees, the fees to be paid a month 
before the sitting at which any person desires to be examined. Lists of licenses issued are to be 
furnished to the Provincial Secretary each year. Persons practicing one year after the passing of the 
Act without being a licentiate of the provincial college or some dental college elsewhere, or falsely 
pretending to hold such license, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and incur a penalty of fao, recover- 
able before any 3 J. P. for each offence and imprisonment in default, and shall have no action to 
recover for work done. 

LOCAL AND PRIVATE ACTS. 

Cap, 38— Incorporates the Clifton Suspension Bridge Co. (Sec also cap. 83 of Statutes of Canada, 
1868.) 

Cai. 39— Amends the charter of the Grey and Simcoe R. R. Co., chani;ing its name to the 
" North Western Railway Co. of Canada," and giving it power to extend to Walkerton and to such 
other point in Bruc3 as the county council may approve ; and to connect with the Northern Rail- 
way, and thence pass through Grey to be extended as aforesaid. The time for commencing work is 
extended to 1 year from the passing of this Act. 

Cap. 40 — Incorporates the Toronto, Grey and Bruce Railway Co. to construct a railway from 
Toronto to the village of Orangeville or some point in the vicinity thereof, and thence to Mt. Forest 
or Durham, or tome point in the vicinity of eitlier, and thence to the border of Bruce, and thence to 
Southampton, with a oranch to Kincardine on Lake Huron, and one from some point at or east of Mt. 
Forest or Durham to Owen Sound, the guage to be not less than 3 ft. 6 in., but it may be made 
wider. Capita* 1^3,000,000, with power to increase. Municipalities may subscribe, but any bonus so 
given is to be held by 3 trustees, one to be named by the L. G. in C, one by the Co., and one by the 
wardens of York, Peel, Simcoe, Wellington, Grey and Bruce, all to be residents of Toronto, to be 
deposited by them as a special account, and to be paid out pro rata as the road progresses upon the 
certificate of thn engineer as to the sum expended and applicable on each section. Company to be 
organized as soot: as ^300,000 is subscribed and 10 p. c. paid in. Directors must hold 10 shares of 
stock (of $100) eaci:. Bonds may be issued to the amount of $3,000,003 ; but no greater amount is 
at any time to be solc^ than equals the actual expenditure upon the road from subscriptions of share- 
holders and bonuses cf municipalities. If at any time the interest or :hem is unpaid the bondholders 
may vote and exercise all the rights of the shareholders at the next annual meeting and thereafter, 
the bsnds being fir-.i registered in like manner as shires. The Co. is obliged to carry wood for fuel 
at the rate for dry of i\ cts. per mile per cord from all stations over fifty miles distant from market ; 
i cts. pei' c^rf'j^r mile for less distances; green wood si cts. per ton per mile, and furnishevery 
iacility for traffic in such wood. No foreign through freight to be carried at a less rate per mile for 
equal distances than local fteight The railway to be begun in i and finished in 5 yean, else the 
charter is forfeited. 

Cap, 41 — Incorporates " The Toronto and Nipissing; Railway Co." to build a railway in the most 
direct line from Toronto through York, Ontario, and Victoria, to such point on Lake Nipissing as 
the Co. may select, with power also to purchase or charter and run steamers on BaUam Lake and 
Gull River ni connection with such railway, and make arrangements with steamboat proprietors to 
run vessels on other lakes and rivers in said counties and Peterborough. The gauge to be 3 ft. 6 in. 
or wider. Capital $3,000,000, with power to i icrease. Provisions respecting municipal bonuses as 
in cap. 40. The Co. to be organized as soon as $150,000 is subscribed and 10 per cent, paid up. 
Directors must hold to shares stock (of $100) each. Bonds may be issued with same limitations and 
rights to bondholders as in cap. 40, also same obligation resoecting firewood. The road to be com- 
menced within I year, 37 continuous miles to be finished witnin three years, and the whole within 5 
years, else the charter is forfeited. 

Cap 42— Incorporates the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway Company to construct a railway 
from a point in the town of Whitby, on the shore of Lake Ontario, or in Port Whitby Harbor, 
through the town of Whitby, connecting with the G. T. R., and thence through the township «rf 
Whitby or East Whitby, or both, and Reach, to a point on Lake Scugog at or near Port Perry, 
within the 6th concession of Reach. Capital stock, $300,033, with power to increase. Municipal bonuses 
or loans allowed in the usual way, to be applied by the Co. to the purposes stated in by-law. Co. to 
ba organized as soon as !£io3,o33 is subscribed, and 10 per cent, paid in. Directors must each be 
holders of 40 shares (of $50.) Municipal councils must pass a by-law to grant a bonus, if a majority 
of persons rated 'n such municipality petition for it, naming the amount, to be thereafter ratified 
under the municipal law. The Co. may purchase Port Whitbv, and erect works there, and at Port 
Perry. They may own or charter boats to navigate Lake Scugog, and the inland waters into which it 
flows or with which it is connected. Bonds iniy bi isjiml tn ths extent of the paid up capital stock. 

Cap. 43~Authorize3 the Cobourg, Peterborough, and Marmora Railway Company to extend their 
line from the vill.igc of AsW>umham, on cither side of the Otonabee river, to some point on the 
Chemung Likt or waters north thereof. This work to be done, and the bridge across Rice Lake to 



8d 



Legislation of 1 867-8 — Ontario. 



1, 



ba roconatructed, and the railway re-op«ned from Uarwood to Ashburnham within 3 years, or this 
Act aid the power* under it lapse. Sacs. 7, 8, 9 ft 10 of the ^9 & 30 Vic. cap. 98 are repealed. 

Caf. 4^— Authorizes the conversion or the ordkiary bonds and old stock of the Urockville and 
Ottawa Railway Co iuto reduced new stock, in accordance with an agreement entered into by the 
prwerential bcudholdars, a majority of Uie ordinary bond-holders, ana three-fourths of the stock- 
oolder*. AD the stock and bonds of the Co. are reduced, and converted into new stock, except the 
preferential extension bonds :— l)onds Leid by preferential bondholders, if purchased before 1863, to so 
centt in tLe dollar; other bouds to 35 cents, and ordinarv stock to 10 cents. Capital stock to be 
reduced to 1^500,000, or such sum as will equal the u.'.iuunt tkus converted. 'I ne rights of the 
preferential shareholders to foreclose theff mortgage on the road forever waived, and the road to be 
'given up within 4 weeks, by their trustee, to the directors. But tliey still hold their lien on the 
revenues of the road. The rights of municipalities are saved. 

Caf. 45— Amends the charter of the Ottawa City Passenger Railway Co., enabling it to lay a line 
to connect with the St. Lawrence & Ottawa Railway Co., to make agreements for the interchange ef 
traffic with that Co. ; enables it to make use of cars belonging to other parties, and to substitute sldghs 
for cars in winter. Cars or sleighs not to be run between midnight of Saturday and of Sunday, and, 
unlets by permission of the city council, no freight car may be run from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. The time 
for the completion of the road is extended to September, 1870. The Railway Act is applied to the 
charter. Fare to be paid on entering sleigh or car— refusal punished by %a fine. The Co., by leavo 
of the city council, may alter the line of route through the city. 

Cap. 46— Renders valid an assessment roll and valuation of the township of Thurlow, in Hattinga' 
.examined and equalized for county purposes, in June, 1865, by the county council, and an apportion- 
ment thereupon made of taxes for couiity purposesof ^,689, although such apportionment was not 
made by by-law, and orders and autkoriies the levying of that amount upon the ratepayers. Arrears 
of taxes equitably due upon lands in the village of Trenton, heretofore undervalued and «UMler> 
aasessed, are also made legally leviable. 

Cap, 47 — Legalizes a ny-law of the couvity of Simcoe, N'o. 157, to provide for the consolidatioa 
of the debt of the county, and the debentures issued thereunder. 

Cap, 48— Enables the town of Peterborough to raise )^s>)oc on debentures more than the amount 
of its debt authorized under 24 Vic. cap. 61, subject to all the conditions applicable to the loui of 
|iao,ooo under that Act. 

Cap. 41^— Dk..lares that collector's rolls for the town of Pelleville have been naade up fixNB (86a 
to 1866, both inclusive, without shewing in separate columns, town rates, school rates and apc^ial 
ratea, and the payment of arrears is resisted on the ground of such irregularity : authorizes new liaU 
to be made out for such arrears, and gives the ri^ht to the taunicipal authoritiea to levy them by 8M 
of land or othenvisc; aAer giving two months' notice. 

Cv;*. so— Legahzes a by-law of the township of Bayham granting a loan of money to the Bay- 
ham, Richmond, and Port Burwell Road Co. and the debentures issued thereunder, and providaa 
for raising the following sums for their payment, 1. *., in 1869, ^a.97as4, and a like turn in each ywtr 
until 1878, inclusive. 

Cap. 5 1— Incorporates the island of Point au Pelee, in Lake Erie, aa a separate munlcipalitTi 



withdrawing it altogether from the jurisdiction of the county ; 
Goimcillors. 



its council to consist of a reeve and a 



Lap. sa— Gives authority to the Toronto Mutual Fire Insurance Co. to do lifie biuineas, inoor- 
porates the several provisions of the Mutual Insurance Act relating to cash policies, proof by certi- 
VA** of the secrc lary, re-insurance, and a vice-president. One-thini of the directors are to retire anau- 
ally and their places to be filled by election. No agent or sub-agent can hold proxies, and no proxy is 
va/id unless entered in the secretary's books i month before the meeting. Directors who own (^oo 
of guarantee stock with 35 p. c. paid up need not be issued in the Co. Policies may be extended 
year by year for 3 years by renewal receipts, the premium note being also thereby continued. Deben- 
tures, &&, may be issued for an amount not exceeding one-fourth of the amount remaining unpaid on the 
premium notes for a period of la mos. and renew them for the same term. An annu^ return 
of amount of real estate, lands and mortgages, notes and the securities thereof, of public debt and 
other stock, of moneys due to and from the Co., with names of all stockholders and dhectors, with 
amount of their subscribed and paid up stock, is to be made. 

Cap. $3— Incorporates the JKo^al Canadian Insurance Company to carry on a fire, marine and 
inland, and general accidental life insurance business. Capital stocK $500,000, and may be increaaed 
to $3,500,000 — S300 000 to be subscribed and 10 p. c. paid up before commencing business. Directors 
to be 15 in numtier and to hold ao shares (of $100) each. First meeting to be held in Ottawa. The 
Co. may hold real estate of Cio,coo annual value. Unless $500,000 have been subs^aribed and 10 p. c 
paid in a.:d business begun before 1871 the charter is forfeited. 

Caf. 54— Grants similar powers to the Oxford Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Co. as are con- 
tained in the general Act. 

Cap. 55 — Enacts similar provisions for the Waterloo County Mutual Fire Insurance Co. 

Cap. 56— Similarly extends the powers of the Gore District Mutual Fire Insurance Co. In 
these 3 Acts it is provided that the non-payment of a premium note or asaeasiaent on it for 30 days 
vacates the policy. 

Cap, 57— Incorporates the Bishop Strachan School, for the education cf girls in the city of 
Toronto, to hold real estate of the annual value of ^8,000, and may accept other estates by donation 
of the aanii.al value of 1(5,000, and hold the same for 7 years, the proceeds then to be invested in public 
securities or municipal debentures. The governing body of tlie ^ool is to be a council, of which 
the lord bishop of the docese of Toronto is to be president, coiisis'.ing beside him of 16 membm, to 
be elected by coutributors of $5 or upwards to the funds of the schcol. 

Cap. 58— Chan^.:s the name of the Lond< n Collegiate Institution to " Hellmath College," and 
limits the liaHlii/ 1^ shareholders to the amount 01° their unpaid stock. 

Cap. j.^— Incorporates the " Toronto Young Nien's Christian Association," with power to hold 
one blcK of real estate in Toronto cf the value of ^10,000, and receive by gift, bequcHt, &c., other 
real create worth l5,ooo, and hold it tor 7 years, the proceeds when sold to he invested in public or 
mun'cipal securities or other approvei securities. They hare power to employ one or more mission- 
arie > to the destitute, degraded, or irreligious classes of the city. They may not traffic in real estate. 

Co/. 60— Incorporates the Sister; of I'Hotel Dieu of Kingston. They may hold real estate in 
Kingston or Froiitenac worth J8,ooo, and receive gitts or bequests to the extent of 1(5,000, to be held 
for 7 years, the proceeds when sold to be invested in approved securities. The revenues to be 
expended in the mriintenance of the members, the construction and repairs of the buildmgs, and the 



3 years, or this 

repealed. 

Ilrockville and 
ired into by the 
I of the stock- 
ock, except the 
rore 1863, to JO 
tal stock to M 
9 rights of the 
1 the road to be 
eir lieo on the 

; it to lay a line 
! interchanse ef 
ibstitute sletght 
if Sunday, and, 
. m. The time 
I applied to the 
e Co., by leave 

w, in Haatingt* 
d an apportion- 
nment was not 
lyers. Arrears 
led and under- 

e consolidation 

lan the amount 
t to the loan of 

B up fi-oo^ (86a 
tes and spat^ial 
orizes new liaU 
y thembfaate 

»y to the Bay- 
, and providM 
rain each ywu: 

e mnnlciinlity, 
a reeve and a 

usiness, inoor- 
>roof by certi- 
to retire annu- 
ad no proxy is 
whoownfaoo 
ly be extended 
lued. Deben- 
unpaid on the 
annual return 
iiblic debt and 
Ihectors, with 

narine and 

be incitaaed 

ss. Directors 

Ottawa. The 

ed and 10 p. c. 

>. as are con- 

ce Co. 

ranee Co. In 

it for ao days 

in the city of 
» by donation 
ested in public 
lacil, of which 
& members, to 

College," and 

power to hold 
Mt, &c., other 
:d in public or 
nore mission- 
in real estate, 
real estate in 
, to be held 
venues to be 
fngs, and the 



Lfgisiaiion of 1867-8— C7«Azrw. 



payment of expenses lealttmately Incurred for the leceplion and instruction of orphans, and the ralSt 
of the poor, sick, and oeslilute. 

C<iA 61— Incorporates th« Temporal CommiMee of St. Andrew's Church, Ottawa, confirming m 
them the title to the church and mansK and the land on which they are tirccted, and to the burying 
grounds. The corporation may acqutra other real estate in Ottawa or Carleion not exceeding |6,aao 
of annual value; but bequests, gifts, or laaacies, in this and the cate of previous corporations, must hav« 
bsen made 6 months bamre Iha death of the party making them, otherwise they are null. Pewholdera 
in the church shall elect the mambtrs of such temporal committee on the ist Monday in March in 
each year. 

Caf. 6a— Incorporates iba Bumsida Lying-in-Hospital of Toronto, with power to acquire and 
hoM property for the direct uses of the koapital, immediately adjoining that on which it is built. 

Caf. 63— Incorporates the Toronto Trust Co. Capital stock |t5oo,o<x>. It may trade in stocks. 




unpaid debentures, the amount of cuh nnd securities at cash value held by the Co. It may act as as 
agency and trust association in respect uf all similar transactions for other parties. The head office \m 
to be in Toronto, but olRcaa m.%y also be opened at London and Edinburgh. The Co. may bs 
organised so aoon as f ioe,ooe ii subicribaa, and half paid up. The Co. may hold real estate 
necessary for its oOices, ftc.i and also for the protection of its investments up to f 10,000 annual value, 
but to retain none of the Itttar longar than 5 years. Shareholders* liability is limited to the amount)., 
of their stock. 

Caf, 64— 'Incoiporatea tha Ouclph Board of Trade with the usual powers. 

Ca> 65— Transfara tu (ha Corporation of the Town of Brautford, the rights and powers of the • 
Grand River Navigation Co., and authorises them to sell the same again to any Co. which shall 
incorporate itself for that purpose, and expend ||3o,ooo on the works. Such new Co. is allowed to b» 
incorporated under the t; and aS Vic, cap. ty by the name of "The Brant and Haldimand Naviga- 
tion Co." But the corporation if works, *c., are not sold, may raise |6o,ooo on t)ie security ef 
such works and expend ft upon their eomniation. 

C«>. 66— Incorporate* tM Rama Timoer Transport Co., with power to explore and take Unda 
aoo feet in width, extending fVom any point on Black River, in the county of Ontario, to Lake St. John, 
and thence to Lakt Couchiehing, and may exacutc such works along the course of the Black and 
St. John Rivers, as may best and most aeonomically secure the passaf;e of timber and saw logs, and 
connect Black River with Lake Couchiehing for the same purpose. Capital stock, (40,000, ^,000 to 
be subscribed and paid up btlbro tha Co. goes into operation. Works to be begun withm a, and. 
finished within 4 years, elk tha charter is void. 

C»p, 67— Incorporalaa tha Oananoqua Water Power Co., with power to hold hinds on the River 
Gananoque, comprising a portion of the bed of the river in the first concession of the Township of 
Leeds, and broken front thtraof, with two dams across the river, and the marble rock dam on the said 
river as heretofore heldbyT, Bi Andanoa, of Montreal, Philip Low, of Picton, and Wm. S. Macdonald, 
of Gananoque, and all such other real astate as may be necessary for the developement of these water 
powers. Ihe stock to be divided into shares of water power classified A. B, &c., according to their 
position with reference to tlia dama. The liability ef shareholders is timitea i j their interest in the Co. 

Caf. (^—Incorporates the Royal Niagara Hotel Co., with power to acquire the necessary real 
estate at Niagara and erect and keep a hotel, and nieasure grounds, Ac, attached thereto or lease 
the same. The capital stock I* IsOtOoo, $m,Ocr .\ -/nich is subscribed, and 1^8,000 paid up. A by-law 
of the town of Niagara, subscribing |8,ooo to t... st<Kk of the Co., is declared legal and valid. 

Cap. 69— Incoriwrates Iha Royal Canadian Yacht Club, with power to hold such real estate as 
may be necessary (or a dub house and diapendencies, and to that end to reecive subscriptions for 
930,000 of stock. 

Ca/. 70— Enables the Truataes of St, Andrew's Church, Chatham, to sell, land vested by a patent 
from the Crown, of Sept., 1837, in Robert Innes and others, trustees for the benefit uf such church and 
congregation, and to invest tba proceeds in Government securities or Municipal debentures, using the 
interest for the benefit of the congregation, and a sum of 13,500 out of the principal for a new church. 

Caf. 71— Provides for a perpetual succession by election to certain trustees, to whom were 
granteo lands for a burial ground tor tha Presbyterian churches of Woodstock, and for the manage- 
ment of the same and permitting the trustees to acquire other lands for the same purpose. 

Cap. 73— Vests in trustees, sub|oel to all the covenants, trusts, &c., of the model deed of the 
Wesleyan Methodists, a portion ef lot 37 In the 4th concession of Ancaster— the tru>>tees to be 
known as "The Trustees of the Aneaster Congregation of the Shaver Settlement Wesleyan 
Methodist Church of Canada, in connection with the English Conference," the above lat ' now 
being^held in trust for the above cnngregatlon. 

C!n/. 73— Authurixas the Crescent Petroleum Co. of New York to hold and dispose of certain 
lands in Enniskillen. 

(7a>. 74— Makes valid a commiHion issued by the Justices of the Q. B. on the loth June, i8s6w 
authorizing James Keays to take and receive affidavits and recognizances of bail in Prescott and 
Russell, without the seal of the Court being attachad, and all acts done by hiip under it, and autho- 
rizes the clerk of the court now to affix the aeal. 

Cap. 75— Ratifies an arrangement respecting the marriage settlements of Mrs. E. A. Meredith, 
Mrs. A. Nanton, and Mrs. L, W. Ord, daughters of W. B. Jarvis, of Toronto, and a trust deed in 
pursuance thereof to James Henderson. 

Cap. 76.— Reciting the death of George Paxton and the minority of bis children, and that he 
died possessed of various prop«/ty held in common with his partner, Thos. Paxton, and representing 
that repeated applications to dianeery and long delays and great expense would be necessary to 
settle the estate, vests the estate in George Paxton and John Dryden as trustees, to wind up the 
estate and divide the proceeds amotig the widow and children. The judge of the court for the 
county of Ontario isautnoriicd to fill vacancies. 

Cap. 77— Authorises the tnisteei to the estate of the late John KnatchbuU Roche, of Port Hope, 
to carry out a contract of sale with ona James Brownscombe. 

Cap. 78— Confirms Ihe conveyance made in 1836 by J. Saxton Campbell, formerly of Quebec, to 
Thos. Byre, late of Cobourg, of lots Not. »% and 36 in the 6th concession of the township of Hamilton. 

Cap. 79— Authorises thia Law iiociety of Ontario to admit John Whitley as a msraber of said 
society and barrister at law. 



88 



Legislation of 1867-8 — Quebtc. 



IK 







f 



PROVINCE OF QUEBEC. 



'|5 



SUPPLY BILL. 
Co/. I— Ii the Supply l}tfl for eighteen months, endine jtst December, 1868. The itim of 
f a.097,717 U voted lor the public service during that period. All paymenti m^de out of it subject to 
■djiutmetit with the governmeut of Ontario and the iJoniiuion. 

STAMPS. 
Cafi. a.— The Act 29 .nnd Vic, c. aS of the Province of Caniida !• amended. No certificate of 
ngistratioii of a deed, Ac, or n search will be received in evidence in any cour: nr be of any effect 
atile4s the proper stamp is affixcii. The registrar shall keep a book, and enter fj;i> '):• flay therein the 
■urche* he maken, aod if a certiiicate is r.ot given, and a stamp .iffixed to it, h(. r)>> >i iffix a stamp to 
hiabook. He must make a yearly return of all such searches and fees paid fo- them. The L. G. in 
C. may by notice in OJjficiat Gatettt order any fees or duties to be |)aviiblc by stamps. Such order 
may be amended or repealed. No instrument requiring a stamp shaH be iisued or availed of in any 
way until the stamps arc affixed. Every officer under tne Act issuing or receiving an instrument witn 
Mich stamp must cancel it by writing or stamping thereon his name and the date. All officer* under 
the Act are held to be Revenue officers under the Treasury Department. The Treasurer is to procure 
the necessary stamps, and the Assistant-treasurer to issue them on certified requisitions. Exact 
detailed accounts to be kept of them by the Assistant-treasurer and Auditor. Sections 6, aa aod ajuf 
the above-mentioned Act are repealed as far as Quebec is concemed. 

DUTIES ON LICENSES. 
Co/. 3.— Th.'f following additional duties on licenses are imposed. Pawnbrokeri, I19 ; Auc- 
tioneers, k'5 : Taverns or vessels, for sale «)f spirits and fermented nquora, $$ ; do. do. for wines and 
iamented liquors only, $3.50 ; Traders for sale of spirits, &c., fj ; Pedlars, a ; Billiard tables, f 13.50 

SPEAKER OF ASSEMBLY. 
Caf, 4— Enables the Speaker to call another member to bis place when temporarily leaving the 
chair. 

INDEMNITY TO MEMBERS. &c. 
Ca/. 5 — Allows f6 per diem indemnity to members of the legislature for 30 days. The sessiots 
beting; longer, the allowance to be 1^450 altogether. 10 cents per mile for travelling allowance, t) 
per diem reduction is made for wilful absence. Salary of Speaker of Assembly is fixed at f 3,400. 

THE .STATUTES. 

Caf. 6. — The enacting clause of statutes " as indicating the authority under which it is passed, 
k : ' Her Majesty, by ancTwith the advice and consent of tne Legislature of Quebec, enacts.' " An 
Act is promulgated when assented to by the Lieutenant Governor, or, if ressrved, when the assent of 
the Governor General is i>roclaimed. '1 lie date of such absent in either case is endorsed on ths Act by I 
the Clerk of the Legislative Council, and forms part thereof. As soon as assent is given a copy of | 
nch Act is furnished to the Queen's printer, who prints the same. The remainder of the Act maker • 
Mbilar rej^ulations for printing, binding and distributing the Acts to those enacted by Parliament anc 
die Ontario Legislature. 

Caf, 7— Consists of Clauses for the interpretation of the statutes. 

CIVIL S .RVICE. 

^ Cap. 8— Repeals cay n r-i the Con. Stat, of Canada, so for as Quebec is cbncerned. The 

'dvil service of the Prov'tir.v h io consist of 7 departments, vis : — i. The Executive Council. 3. The 

Secretary and Regis!i%i.<r. .;. Ttte Law officers of the Crown. 4. The Treasury. 5. The Crown 

Lands. 6. AisricuUntv . d i'ubhc Works. 7. Public Instruction. The following are deputy heads 

<iiot included in the 'ni'iii {mplcyjcs), five or whom are to be appointed a board of examiners and 

ooundl of disc'pline iot ih'i civU service, and to be called the " Civil Service Board," vis : the Cleric 

of the Executive Council, 1 1« issistant Secretary, the assistant of the law officers of the Crown, the 

i Assistant Treasurer, the Auditor, the Assistant Commissioner of Crown Lands, the Assistant Com- 

J sninioner of Agriculture and Public Works, the Secretary and AssisUnt Secretary of the department 

i «f public instruction, the Deputy Registrar. When there is no Minister of Public Instruction but a 

Superintendent of Education, this department may or may not, in whole or in part, belong to the civil 

aervice, as may be ordered by the L. G. in C. The Board shall frame and pubhsh regulations for 

candidates, to be approved by the L. G. in C, examine such candidates, keep a register of them, and 

at their examination, and grant certificates, causing copies of their minutes to be sent to the Clerk of 

du Executive Council. Candidates must send in applications for examination 8 davs before that 

&ced. T'hey are examined in order of applications, except tliat holders of diplomas of a University 

Normal School have precedence. None but holders of certificates can be appointed to the civil 

service. The L. G. in C. may classify persons appointed according to certificates or otherwise, and 

J snake' rules respecting promotions and $-'.?ries in e;tcU iass. All employees in the civil service must 

] be examined within 6 months after p^iasine of Act. .V ii deputy heads and employees to take oaths of 

allegiance and to discharge dutie:i laithfully, taking no fee or reward other than salary or legal allow 

1 ance. Any refusing to take or violating such oaths to be dismissed. The Board may make, subject to 

approval of L. G. in C, rules for discipline of service. The L. G. in C. is authorized to regulate 

security to be given by deputy heads arid employees. Board under order in Council, or in case of 

emergency on reference of nead of de|Kirtment may enquire into conduct of any employee, examine 

witnesses and report thereon ; but this is not to limit power of Lt.-Gcv.to dismiss. Kmploycfs in one 

department may be required to assist in another. The L. G. in C. may .~ .Ice allowances to Bowd t >r 

ctmtingencies. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT AND PUBLIC RE\ ENUE. 
Ca^. 9— Provides for a C. R. F. for the Province, to which all revenue " over which the legis- 
lature has power of appropriation" shall bebng. To be subject to charges for collection and 
oaoagement which are subject to audit and legislative review, &c. Revenue officers are to be 
appointed, and their Salary, &c., regulated by the L. G. in C. Unless express permission is given 
their salaries shall be in place of all emoluments, and those receiving salaries of more than ti,ooo shall 
engage in no otlier business. The L. G. in C. may divide the Province into revenue districts and 



m 



m( 
to 

Ke' 



Legislation of x%6t-%-- Quebec. 



89 



Tht tum of 
r it lubjtct to 



> cf rtifioite of 
! of any effsct 
Yf therein the 
Rx a itamp to 
The L. G. in 
, Such order 
lied of in anv 
itniment with 
officer! under 
r is to procure 
itions. Exact 
6, aaaod 13 of 



ira, tif : Aug- 
for wne* and 
tablet, f ia.50, 

y leaving the 



The letaion 

llowance. %•<, 
at »a,4oe. 

1 it iapaaaed, 
nacts.' " An 
n the aaaent of 
on th J Act by 
iven a copy of 
he Act maker 
irliament anc 



J Crown, the 

sisunt Com- 

! departtnent 

Fuction bvt a 

Ig to the civil 

l;ulationa for 

^f them, and 

Ithe Clerk of 

) before that 

\ University 

to the civil 

kerwise, and 

kervice mtitt 

like oaths of 

[legal allow- 

le, subject to 

Ito regulate 

V in case of 

ee, examine 

liyc99i in one 

lo Boiird i >r 



Ih the legis- 
fection and 
j are to be 
Ion is given 
^1,000 bhall 
istricts and 



time to time rei^uli«. Unless 
A board of aud>t is provided 
of the Asst. -treasurer, Auditor, 
'"'iei of the Auditor are also > 
laining provisions of the 



,'uction, to be a member of 



make ragtilationt respecting officers and Iheir duileR. Any such regulation printed bv the Queen's 
Printer, m- ignad by the Provincial SccrnUry, ilmll bo hold a* .<iitlicntlc nn>or. Officers may be 
removed from one branch of rrveniie service 10 another, but ca'inot be cun^pelled to serve in any other 
public or local or municipal o%ct, on a Jury, or in Ike militia. I Notk.— But cec Act of Parliament of 
Canada respecting Militia, &c., section 17, it having exclusive nuthority in this matter). Unless 
otherwise ordered by the L. O. in C. all reventis officers are subject to the treasury department. All 
moneys to be paid in to the credit of the TreitHiirer in manner directed by the L. G. in C. Cash books 
to be posted up every d.ty, and all book* and nccouiiin lo be open at all tunes lo ihn inspection of any 

Serson sent by the Treasurer. All duties and powers appertaining to the Miiii«ter of Finance and 
Receiver General at the time of union, and such other sn may be n-.«igned by law or the L. G. in C, 
belong to the Treasurer. An Atst -treasurer and Audiior are tu be attacked to the department. 
Accounts to be kept in dollar* aad cents, The fiioal year from jotli June to 30th June. An annual 
statement to be prepared .is soon as paslble aAer the close of each iiitral year for IcgisLiture. All 
unexpended balances of appropriation to lapse and bo written o!T. Surplus revenue on hand at any 
time 10 be invested in Dommion .Securliios. T'emp<irary loans to supply deficiencies may be effected 
at n I ite not higher than 6 p. c. Moneys to be drawn under warrant of the Lt.-Governor by official 
check on some bank signed by Tieasurer or Asil., and countersigned by Auditor. All institutions 
supported by the Province are to make quarterly toturiit and accounts with vouchers, and failing to 
rsnoer satisfactory accounts, payment lo them may be atuppud. Inslituttons receiving nants must 
make yearly returns and tuch further ttailttical atatf mentt as may at any time be required. Munici- 
palities indebted lo the municipal loan fUnd must make nn anni^al return of the amount of "move- 
able" (qy. rateable) proiicrty therein, according tu ilia last ante^sment rolls, and of their debts and 
liabilities, and such further [nformation as the l.t, (i. in C. innv om ti 
otherwise ordered such returns are la be iranKinilted to thn 
for with «imil.ir powers as that of theUominiun Govermi" 
and such other deputy heads as are designated by the I 
substantially the same as those of the same officer at 
Act are also almost identical with the Dominion Act, 

MINISTRY OK PUBLIC IN 

Ca/. lu Provides for the appiMntmant of a Minister ot 
the Executive Council and eligible to the Assembly or capal> c ui holding a seat in the Legislative 
Council. He may hold also any of llio other officaa enumerated in section 134 of the Confederation 
Act He is to have a secretary and assistant secretary under him. and such portion of his duties as 
ht cannot diKharge in iterson may be delegated by tfie L. G. In C. to one ot them or another officer 
of the department. Whenever the L. G. In C. deems it expedient he need not appoint a Minister 
(/, *. parliamentarY head) but instead may replace the department under a Superintendent of 
Education. The minister need nut give security, but the ucreiariet and other officers having to deal 
with the accounts of the department mntt do io. Hit duties are to be those of the supenntendent 
(except as above) and also to provide for schooli for aduitt, workmen and mechanics, certain powers 
of the Ibrmer minister of agriculture respecting board* of ana and manufactures and mechanics' 
institutes being transferred to him, to collect andpublish ■latlitics respecting educational, literary and 
scientific institutions, and the bestowit* of p.i'ronage upon and affording assutance to science, nrt and 
literature, and inatitutions formed for pi'jmoiuig them. 

PROVINCIAL SECRETARY AND REGISTRAR. 

C»f. 1 1— Provides for the appointment of 11 Provincial Secretary and Registrar, with all the 
duties and powers of the Secretary and Regiitirai of the lata Province of Canada, not taken away by 
the Union Act, and such further autict at may b« staisned him by the L. G. in C Also for the 
appointment of an Astitunt Sccreury and t Deputy Ragiitrar. 

ASSISTANT LAW OFFICER. 

C«/. It— Providei for the appointment of an AMiatant to the law officers of the Crown, who may 
be appointed a nierobe; of the Board of Audit. 

THE QUEEN'S PRINTER AND OFFICIAL GA.IETTE. 

Caf. iv-Providt for the appointment of a Queen's Printer, who is to publish the laws and a 
Qu$bte Official GauttUt in which are to be inserted all advertitements or documents which by 
law are ordered to be published unleta otherwiM ureecribad by law. Publicauons relating to Pro- 
vincial matters orderea to be made by any law ana especially by articles 603, 648, 703, 768, 770, 914, 
()5i, 9J4, and 974 in the Caiuula GauM, are, after •rrangemanis are completed for the publication of 
such Qm«6ic Offiein GauiU, to be published in it All official publications by the Queen's Printer 
arc authentic, making proof of themtelvet. 

CONTINUING ACT. 

C«/. 14.— The Acta a Geo. IV, cap 8 : a Geo. IV, c.tp. 10 ! 4 Geo. IV, cap. a6 ; and 9 Geo. IV, 
cap. sa of the Parliament of Lower Canada ; and the Acti 7 Vic. , cap. to ; 9 Vic, cap. 3 : la Vic, 
cap. 18 ; and 13 and 14 Vic, cap. 30 (for certain purposet,) and aS Vic., cap, ao are continued. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

Ca/. 1$.— Providea for the appointmeitt and continuance of powara of Justicet cf the Peace, whh 
power of revocation of appointments by the Lieut.-Covemor. 

JURORS IN CRIMINAL CASES. 
Caf. 16— Exacta that firemen and thote engaged In running ateamert, or railway trains, or grist 
mills, are not to be exempt hereafter from lervlng as Jurors, unlets they have deposited their certificates 
of exemption or affidavits of occupation with the sneriflT before he summons them. He is not to 
summon tliem when they have so deposited their claims. Nor any member of the Government or 
Parliament of the Dominion, or Ooveminent or Legislature of the Province, or any other person 
whom he knows to be exempt. Those other exemptions may be claimed four days after summons 
supported by affidavit. In addition to the assessment valuation roll, which Secretary-Treasurers of 
Municipalities have heretofore been bound to furnish to the sherifT, they must furnish a list of non- 
residents, of those entered more than once, and every six months a list of those who have died or 
removed since his last report, and all corrections of the list made meantime for electoral or other 
purposes. The sherifT is to amend his roll accordingly, Informing the court and prothonotary of such 
amendments, th(* latter also to make same corrections. The counties of Compton and Richmond are 
to pay the same contributions under sub-section 11 of sec. le. cnp. 109, Con. Stat. L. C, as if a 
court bouse and gaol were erected within their limits. Sec. 16 of that Act is repealed. 



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PAYMENT OF MONEYS TO SUCCESSORS OF CERTAIN OFFICERS. 
C«/ 17— Enacts that all moneya in the hand* of any sberiff, prothonoury, or claili bf canrt h|p 
tot of bis oXbiat shall be handed over to his successor withhi three months of his death, removal* ~~ 



, _ fition, the sucoessor thereaAer beins responsible (br their payment or distribtttivn under angr. 
iddpneat or orders of court. Books to be kept by these oflicers and open to iaap«ctfa>n, as 
lV«nn>ryAot 

ACTS AND OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS OF OTHER PR07INCES. 

Cb/. 18.— All Acts, prodanutiona, or other public documents purporting to emanate from At 

Oovemnent or Legislature of any other Province of the Dominioq, snail be received aa authentic ■ 

pHnted by a Queen^s printer or other printer by authority, aad all such piibUcad0<t* puiportipl t6 be 

sd iMnted shall be held to be so until the contrary is proved. 

COLONIZATION ROADS. 

Caf. 19.— The L. G. in C. may designate roads, or projected roads, or partaof tfacm u w lfp i y' 
tioB roads, and divide them into three classes. Hie first to be wholly built by the Province th* 
a#ooad in greater part by the Province with local or municipal help, the third in gicaterpart bv lotalttw 
wtaai4 ofProvince. He may also declare thete to have ceased to be such roada. Stalcmenta an? 
iiM» shewing their advantages for settlers are to be published. All grants are hereafter n^df 
subject to co-operation as above indicated, and only spent upon receiving ft. No ftuthcr^grajita^ — 
to be nuwie to or expended on any county neglecting to maintain roads already built or aasisMO H 
ita linHta. Municipalities niajr be declared interested in any such road by orrlar in CottaeiU 
rwida c^ paru of them, within the limits of a munidpalirv, shall not be deemed to he Pl9vi 
Pwic works, unless specialljr so declared by order m Council. But the L. G. in C may 
olrdara and regulations for Provincial superintendence in the ooostmetioh and aheriag thefM£ 

SETTLERS. 

Oaf. 20.— Lands granted to actual settlers, under the Con. Stat., Can., cap. aa. or the seftlara 
iateiest therein, shall not be mor^taged.or hypothecated foe any jvdgment, or seisea or sold for aov 
dbbt incurred before such grant, except the purchase money. Dnring occupation of anch land, mm 
tve 10 years after issue of the patent, or completion of the 5 years at end of which it sfaoald ieaae. tba 
fillowmg chattels of such settlers are exem{tt from siiture, vis. : The bedding and bedsteads in 
or^unry use, necessary and ordmarjr wearing apparel, a stove and pipes, a crane and appendages, 
pair of andirons, set of cooking utensils, pair of tongs, a shovel, a table, A ohainL 6 kniveeand mrM. 
6iplatws, teaoips and saucers and spoons, a sugar basin, a milk jug, a trapot, all spimiing wheels vA 
loons in use, 10 vols, books, an axe, a saw, a gun, 6 traps, fishmg neta in comoMn use, aU fuel, meati 
fiskt^r and vegetables necMsaiy for 3 months' consomption of fatally, s horsee or osen, 4«««i«, 
ftsheep, 4 pigs, 8eo bundles of hay and other fi>ragenei:essary(brthtir stock, aad provender to fikMm 
am and k^ep other pigs. Vefcirles and other implements of agricuk Are. Seleotios of artidaa to be 
exempt to be made hf aettlcr. The land is not to be exempt from sale for tteea. The nam* of Iht 
origiBal grantee and d<ttc of grant muat be inserted in aH patenta. 

GOLD MINING. 
Ca^. ax— Provides that the seigniory of Rigaud-Vaudreuii, shaU be within tba Ct^udier;! 
mining district Sec. 3 of 97 and aS Vic., cap. 9 ia repealed, aad it ia enaaed instead that the lMf(a.i 
Governor may appoint such inspectors as he may ^eam neoMwary, and assign them tlie|r 4tttii$su4 
salapes, to act under direction of tite Commissioner of Crown unds ; to have all powers of J. P. eir 
s^jifniuary magistrate, or inspector or superintendent of police in their 4tstricts. withput property 
duaofieation. And their decision in disputes respecting license^ occupation, working, &e., •bill'be 
naal, aad no certiorari or appeal allowed from them unless speciiUly given by the Act. See. A of thi 
nme Act is repealed and one substitute4, providing that every Ucen<ee shall exhibit his license to 
the officer of the division, or any constable or peace officer when required, and prove it to be in fbneb 
afndnviag authority (o any sudi constable or officer to examine mining worlu^ on private property. 

awarded. Th* «pi4 

^. ic, cap. 9. Sec. So is 

replaced by a section providing that taverns within 3 leagues of a gol4 minini station must b« UciP|iMd 
monthly by the division officer, a fee of f 5 berog pud tor aucb Iwense, with pp^r to the oVw %a 
ttHuU or rescind it. PeKverv of wine, beer or vpmx* from any place qof Ikensed. npir a privatis IW- 
4«Ke to tmy person not resident theicfai, Vkfrimmfacu pnxn of iUeffil sale, aa4 ilWttn opdb w' 
i^t or promise, express or implied, of lemuneation is illegal from a privato r^m^ooe. rvcxSci 
not more than |ioo and two months* iatprisonment in dnfiiult of payment Kaei^ of oxMimw 
iMuor for sale without license, same penalty. ConsUbles are to Imv* . ^ 8^W|» P«wm U p(mr 
Mov^eal and Quebec, and are under direction of -oflloerr pf division, who may nttae ihitett. n 
30-ofaj and'oS Vic, cap. 9, ta ia-anbstitttted'&r 4 in srd li*i. $ecs. 33 and 34 are repealed. The 




manager, agent, or representative of a c^inpany must perfonti duti^lmpoagd on o^er''er a miUbv 
sJBc aS. No person is inoompetei^t to giv6 evidence becaiue ofitttertst. The ijrorda " df aiwh lands ^ 



iftt struck out of the 9th sec. of said Act 



SCHOOLS. 



C<i>. aa.— The Corporations of Montreal and Quej^ are to pay to the Catholic and Pratastont 
commissioners in those cities annually three times the ateount mich Ae fovenment grint wonU be 
if not restricted by sec. i$3 of cap. 13. of Con. Stat« of L.' G. A certamamount may be aet apart 
l)y lor the building of school houses. The corporations may levy a natii4 tax t4 railM 1|ie 
jt tbfypa ^ '-■ ' '— ^ -^—-^ ^- ' * • • • 

Istooofor ihpoo andllt.fioo for ]f^. . . ., , - -^ , ..^ 

jay M debts incurred for buil^ng siniqol houses, although the amounts appn^riatod for mk hmawi 
oceadad the rates formerly leviable iherefor, and for costs incurred in>endeavaring to collect pnenpua 
asaeesments— the toul amount not to exceed limit fixed by this Act. Every pUpu oaMring a uormal 
a^ool or his parent or guardian must give a bond for payiaeiit of Us boanl udMs be hcUs a bunary 
or to refiind iu certain cases the amount derived fi«m his bursary. TJic principal may sua tor ana 
recover tiie amount of such bonds as well as of those already eneeuted andfrdlen doe. 

INSPECTORS OF PRISONS, HOSPITALS, ^tc. 
Ca/. S3 Authorises the appointment of three inspectors, one of them to be chairman and , 
Itobave a castingvote in case orequality; one to beaqaoium; to inapt«t all ffoh and phiMB of 



i»r owrthv 

removal^i or 

under anr 



LegisbUim of 1867-8 — Qug6ee. 



»1 



n,M 



i. 

s from the 
authentic v 
lortipCtblM 




rtbvloqOitx 
iMmentvana 
wfter Bi«d9 
r granto. — 

twoU 

• Pn9» 
CoMiy 
efMf^ 

the te^lterf 
soM for anv 
ichlaadiMl 
iildiiBM,tte 
bedtteadt in 

Be. «nd MnMk 
IS wheela »\A 
AfaeliOwMi 
oseilt 4W(*H» 
under to Mmi 
wtideetolie 

• nameoftki 



hJrtthsUWit,^ 

3«e.6<trt)M 
hii Ucena* to 
to be in ibfoe, 
vate property, 
ertofleari^a 

_ 9. Sec. sS to 
utb^Ucppeed 

t(teoi||eirl»p 
a privat* 
reijttpM 
looe. re 

; or es! 

iriilctt. Itt 
apealed. --^ 

7of»i*an»y 

df«ishludi<^ 



The 



and FiotwUnt 

ntmtwonldbe 

■lybeeetapert 

|St4r»i)Ml|ie 

bye«btti|t^ 
lay be levied to 
tr ei«di bowM* 
eoUactpNinQHf 
gring ft uonaal 
iMldeftbimarT; 
■- aiNi (or MM 



duirnum en* 
I and fdabei of 




cboiinement at least twice a year and examine oflken* books and pepen and t«port therecm. AD 
gaols are to be built upon plans approved b^ the inspectors and sanctioned by the Lu-Gov. They 
may, make rules and resulations respecting the diet, cTothing, kc, of prisoners, their employment,, 
medical attendance, religious instruction, discipline, restrain^ 3tc., and general treatment while in 
custody, and the whole internal economy and management of the gaols, -to be submitted to the 
Lt. -Gov. for approval. Thsy are also to inspect and report on every hospital or chariuble institution: 
Wholly supported by government, or by money levied under authority of law, twice in the year, and 
on those receiving government aid so often as directed by tbt Lt.-G6v. Alio B'eauport Asylum, so 
long asjt receives a gnvemmsnt grant, at least twice in eve^ year. Also any other asylum erected 
at public expense. Every private lunatic asylum once in every ye^r, and the Lt-Gov. may upon 
their rsport suspend or revoke th<; license of such asylum. Inspectors are to report annually on or 
be<ors the loth February. Special rieports On important matteta to be madie at any tine vbe& 
ordered or deemed necessary. 

JOINT STOCK COMPANIES. 
Of/. 14— Furnishes general dauMs to be incorporated (unless exp re ssly exeluded) wtlli ipidlti 
Acts, incorporating joint stock companies for mannbcturii^, shipbnilaine, meehanie^, printing aliil^ 
pubjtthing, or chemical business, fbr mining or washing, drming or smelnngores, erecting and midli*' 
taitting dams, sluices, ftc, opening and working quarries, boring for and utiiiitng petroleum or salt' 
wells or other mineral sprinss, erecting and maintaining mechanics' institutes, or public readinlf 
or lecture rooms, or gymnasiums, or hotels or baths, or skating or curling rinks, or (or agriculMUW 
fiurs, or libraries, or other educational, literary or scientific or religions purpesesi, or as hmises to IM 
leaKd; for carrving on any fishery, and building and equipping vessels tbeieror, or a forwardisc 
bnsiasss and buiJding or chartering vessels, wharves* roads, ae., acquiring or makit^and maintaiaiMflf 
roadiL bridjfbs, pisrs, wharves, dry docks, marine, railways, ft&, or any hydraulic woilu; carrying eitr 
a model hrm or garden and dealing in stock, seed grain, Ac. : reclaiming marsh land, tec ; supplpng 
any place with gas or water, or both ; constructbig lines of telegraph ; and constructing or a«p>isiat 
and using works for focilitating the transmission of timber. Every such company shall be ft Iwdf 
corporate with a right to hold all real estate necessary for their businesa operations ; to have ■ boftta 
nf not less than 3 or more than 9 directors ; the first to be named in the special Act ; all su b ee qu ent 
directors to be owners of stock, calls paid up, and a majority residents of Canada and suUcolsw K 
M.; to be elected -^— — ^ '^ -^ ^ =. ......"^T^.-.oa- 
or by-laws. If n 
bein|t re-eligible. 

the cbief place of business. 

vote by prmtj^ Election to be by ballot Vacancies to be filled by the board. The board to eieot m 
president and appoint and remove aU officers of the company. It there bo a failure of etsctioa ai tk»' 
regidar annual meeting, it may take place at a special jieneral meeting called for the pnnoee. Th» 
directors hftve the general management of all the aoaim of the company, and may nuike by-laM( 
Mbject to approval or disallowancs by the company at or before the next annual meeting. A foiistli 
part in vahie of the shareholders may at any time oaU a special meeting. A copy of any ^-law nndar 
the seal of the company, and signed by one of its officers, vt^ima iaci» proof that it basbeiiH iisgel/iitjl 
adopted. Stock is personal property transferable, as may be enacted by special Act or by-laws. 
Stock to be allotted as directors order. The directors may odl in stock as special Act or this Act 
allows. 6 p. c. interest accrues on unpaid calls. At least 10 p. c. muet be called in the fiist year ai^i 
not less than $ p. c each year thereafter, till half hab been called in. Amount of calls and interest w 
reooverable in any competent court on a declaration merely setting up that the party is a holder of tj^ 
certain number of shares and the amount of calls in arrear and how long ; and a certificate under tie 
company's seal siencd by an officer of the company is to be taken as frtm»Jmcu proof of these <a^; 
After demand dwy made shares may be forfeited for non-payment of calls by the directors, and; 
thereupon become the property of the company. No share is transferable unless all c^ls are pf)id> W 
ualeas so forfbited or stud iknder execution. No one in arrear for calls can vote at a mca^g of t|^, 
compiiny. Books are to be kept by the secretary or other officer appointed for tbat puiposet >n 
whicR must be recorded all by-laws, alphabetical list of all shareholders, with address and callia|b *9A 
the number of shares held and amount paid in on them and remaining unpaid : all transfer ot Mm< 
in order as presented with dates, Mk., and the names, addresnes and callings of all directors. Tm: 
directors may refiise to allow the transfer of any stock not fiiUy paid up, and >f they allow, tf/m-. 
transfer to a person of not sufficient apparent means they become liable to the creditors-, of the 
company for the amount of subseqiteot calls; but any director present may escape such liability by 
fortkwim pibtasting and pabUalung his protest, or one absent by taking thesarre <»u<a« withiM h 
hovs. No tran^ to complet 3 until duly entered in the books, of the oompauy. Sucb books am 
open to the shareholders and ereditora of the company at all reasonable times, ana ftie f r imm fatk 
evidence oif anytUng recorded therein. Any officer or servant of the eompany mduM; an untrue; 
entry, or n^lecting or n^iainc to make a correct one, er refosin^ to allow inspection of books or thft: 
taking extracts by a sharehuder or creditor forfeits iioo, besides damages to party injured. A; 
company ne^ecting to keep such books fbrfoits its diarter. A tompaay is not bound to see lo 
exeleatien of trusts. Contracts, bilto or notes signed by an agent or offitier of the company in accord* . 
ainoe with hto general powers under its by-laws binds it, erithoMt any aesl or speaal proof of it% 
odecution: but no company is authorised to issue any note pavable'to bearer or any premiaaoii. 
note intended to be circuiated as monev or an the note of a MUk. No company can buy stock ift 
another withbnt spedal autltority in botli charters. Shareholders are liable for the amount remaiaing, 
unpaid on tbeirstoek, a&er an execution against t)re' company has been returned unsatisfied for umt 
of proper ty . Thsy are not in any way reapomdble for m'^re than the amount of their shares. )le 
penon hoUmg stodi in trust or a» collateral seeurity is liable personally. A trustee, eneutor,! 
tutor, Ac may nevertheless vote on the ttock. A person pledging hu stock votes upon it neverthe- 
less. Directors declaring and paying a dividend out of capital, or when the cemnany is rastrimt or 
will be made so faty the payment, are liable for losses to the shareholdeis and cndttors. But ft, 
director may relieve himaetf as above. Any officer lending the money of tbe company to a shftie- 




of the company faito to produce the amount In an action between the company and a share- 
holder another slwreholder to ooinpetent as a witness. Scirvice of writ may be raaoe at the chief 
place of business of the company, or elsewhere on the president or secretary ; if it have no knAwn 



,:>h:!^'t1 



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92 



Le^shiion of X867-S — Quebec. 



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place of basiiMss or prciident or McreUry, the company it notified by aavcrtuement like abMotee 
debtors. , . ,, 

Cap. 35— Provides that companies may be incorporated by letters patent usued by the Lieut. 
Governor for all the purposes -mentioned in the previous Act, except supplying gas or water, erectmg 
and worlting telegraph Imes and works for transmitting timber. Applicants must 8[lve one month's 
notice in the Official GazetU of the name of the Co., its object, the place in which its operations are 
to be carried on, its chief place or places of business, amount of capiul stock, and number.and amount 
of shares into which it is to be divided , the names, calling; and address of the applicants, and the 
names of 3 to 9 among them to be the tirst directors. Within a month after the last publication of 
notice, they petition the Lieut. Governor through the Prov. Secretary, for the issue of patent, reciting 
the facts in the notice and amount of stock taken up by each, amount jiaid in, and the manner in which 
paid in and held by the Co. The aggregate taken must be one-half ofthe capital stock ; the aggregate 
paid must be 10 p. c. of that subscribed, or ( p. c. of the capital, unless total is over $500,004, when 
a p. c. is sufficient. It must have been raid in to some chartered bank, and stand there at credit of 
Co. or of Trustees therefor ; unless the Co. require to hold and use real estate. Then one-half the 
required amount may be invested therein, such property beicg held by Trustees for the Co.. and being 
of the v^ue of such 3^ or i p. c. of the capital stock. Petition may further ask for the insertion in 
letters patent of provisions, which may form subject of a by-law. Before the letters patent issue, the 
Prov. Secretary must be satisfied that the notice and petition are sufficient, and the allegations of the 
latter are true, and that the applicants are persona of sufficient reputed means to juttiiy their incor-. 
poration. Notice of granting the letters patent shall be given in the Official Gautit, and thereupon 
the Go. becomes a body corporate, with general corporate powers such as are granted under special 
Acts. If the directors of a Co. desire to increase or deoease its stock, they may do so by by-law, 
which requires to be sanctioned by a two-third vote of shareholders (in amount) in general meeting, 
and confirmed by supplementary letters patent, to be petitioned for within 6 months after such vote, 
the petition to be supported by the production of such by-law and proof that it has been regularly 
enacted. Upon such proof, letters patent issue, and notice is given as before. All powers conferred 
bjr letters patent are subject to the^rovisions and restrictions of this act. The other provisions for 
rnjulatiiig the proceedings of the Co. are the same as in cap. 24. In any action bv the Co. the letters 
orincorporation need not be recited at length, and the notice of the issue of the letters patent in the 
Official GaatUt sliall make proof of the fiict, and the production of the letters patent shall be prima 
fieit proof of the notice also, and, except in case of |>roceeding by tcirt facia* or othfrwise for direct 
untwachiMnt of them, are conclusive proof of all things therein. A charter is forfeited for non-user 
during three years. Conditions and provisions of letters patent may be varied by subsequent legisla- 
tion. Fees to be established by the L. G. in C. must be paid before patent issues. AU applicants 
for legislative charters for these objects must pay the same fees as for letters patent over and above the 
wnount required by the two Houses for the expense of printing, ftc. And if the Bill fails to become 
law not more than one-third of such fee shall be returned. Previous Acts of Province of Canada on 
tliis subject repealed within the Province of Quebec ; but charters already obtained under them remaiu 
valid. Applications now pending may validly be proceeded with and charters completed ; and none 
granted upon ajiplications prior to ist Jvly, 1867, are invalid because of any part taken by officen of 
Qm Dominion m grantiqg them. 

GAMiS. 
Cap. a6— Provides that no elk, moose, caribon, deer or hare sliall be killed between ist February 
•nd tst September ; no grouse, ptarmigan, partridge, woodcock or snipe, between the ist March and 
lit September : no wild goose.swan, dack, (ndgeon or teal to be taken between aoth May and ist 
Sept e mber, except east oTthe Brandy Pots, where they may be killed for food of the inhabitants up 
to the ist June. Night shooting ot any of these birds except grouse, ptarminn, and partridge is 
prohibited. Nets or traps are prohibited, except for hares and partridges, and any person fimung 
them set may destroy them. The provisions for seisure and confiscation of game kiUed out of season 
ara similar to those ofthe Ontario Act, as also for the protection of en;s of birds. Lynx, wild cat, 
mink, and marten are not to be hunted or killed between tsth April andis: November ; otter, between 
i*t May and ist November; beaver, 30th April and ist September; mi>r^> it, ist June and atst 
October; and sale of skins unseasonably taken is ^hibited. The penal' mfringement of the 

Act is a fine of #1 to #50, to go to the informer, levuble before a J. P., v y convict on view, 

imprisonment for 3 months in default Information need not be sworn c .oceedings must be 
taken within twelve months. Ctrtiorari is taken away but an appeal grantea to the drcwt court. 

STORAGE OF GUNPOWDER. 
Cap. ay.— The Act ay and aS Vic, cap. 56, and by-laws passed undar it in Quebec and Montreal 
an repealed. Hereafter there shall be no powder magasine '. 'ithin the limits of either city or five 
mflea thereof. Such magasines shall be under regulaticns 'A the L. O. in C, and require a license 
npm year to year to be granted to an officer named for that purpose, a foe of |a( beuucjpaid therefor. 
Every place where more than 15 lbs. of powder is kept is a magaxine within the law. No gunpowder 
to be stored or kept elsewhere, within the above limits, nor within 15 acres of a main road or dwelling 
house, except under rMjulations. A magasine to be licensed must be built of stone, walls at least a feet 
thick, covered with a fire-proof roof of metal which is u sly attached to the building bv its own weight. 
It is to be surrounded at a clear distance of at least :ia feet by a brick or stone wall to feet high, coped 
with stone, with but one opening, the door in which must be covered with brass, copper, or sine. It 
moat not open towards the pubbc road, orbs on the same side as the door to the magazine itself. 
No other materials to be used in either structure than utone. brick, coppsr. brass, wood, glass, tin, 
alate, sine, or leather; floors to be tongued and grooved, and close jointed and covered, wherover 
walked on, by hides. The magazine must have two lightning rods. Every proprietor and every 
leasee is personally liable for any infringement of regulations. Any person keeping and selling gun- 
powder anywhere without a license incun a penalty of $53. Fes for yexrly licsnse, %*. Not more 
than as Um. to be kept out of magasine. The part of a shop where it is kept is to bs designated in a 
conspicuous manner, and a sign is to be put up over the entrance, "licensed to sell gunpowder." Penalty 
for neglecting this, #50 per day. Penalties under Act or regulations are recoverable before a I. P , 
who may commit for two months in default ofpayment of fine. Cirtiorari is taken away. To go 
into force 34th February, 1869. Act not to afiect military magazines, and conveyance of gunpowder 
for H. M. forces. 

LOCAL AND PRIVATE. ACTS. 
Cap. sS^Provides that the parish of St. Cryille de Lessard, erected canonically by the Archbishop 



Legislation of 1^61-%— Quebec. 



93 



like abMotee 



of Quebec, consisting of the fief Lessard, two ranges of the township Lessard and the unconceded 
lands between them on the one side, and fief Vin jelotte on the other, shall be a civil parish. 

Cat, 29— Annexes a portion of the seigniory of Belair to the parish of St. Ambroise and part to 
the paruh of St. Catherine— (See above— Statutes of Canada, cap. 78.) 

C«>. 30— Divides the township of Perc^ into two municipalities, one to take the name of Cape 
Cove. 

C0f. 3t— Cures irregularities in the proceedings of Boards of Notaries, in fiiiling to publish notices 
under sees. 5, 38 and 39, cap. 73 Con. Stat. L. C, and to meet at times prescribed by sees. 3 and 7. 

Ca/. 3a— Provides for tne appointment of fire marshals in Quebec and Montreal, with power to 
inquire into the cause or origin or all fires in either city : to have all the powers of a Recorder. Jud^e 
of Sessions or Coroner for such purposes, or for the arrest of persons causing a disturbance at a nro 
or suspected of stealing ther^t If the premises or contents are insured the insurance companies 
interested pay the costs of proceedings. If neither are insured, the city pays $xo fee, besides costs. 

Cttf' 33— Amends the Acts incorporating and providing for the water supply of Quebec. ' Two- 
thirds of tne Council must be present at passing a by-law. The drainage tax is to be imposed by 
being entered in a separate column of the assessment books. Power is given to the Mayor or other 
penon representing nim to summon {Persons to give evidence before the Councilor anv Committee 
thereof, and enforce dieir attendance in the same manner as a court of law. All butchers, bakers, 



from 
may 



he Archbishop 



hudnters. pedlars, carter* and porters in the city, and boat, batteau or canoe men piving to and 
the aty may be compelled to take out licenses and numbers, and i>ay fees for them. The Council 
estaUbh a tariff for the canoe and boat men. It is authorized to impose a tax of I5 on water closets': 
also to raise $55,000 to widen St. Ours and Champlain streets. The time of prescription against 
taxes and water rates is made 5 years in place of a. The drainage tax already impMea is declared 
legal, and art a of by-law of 37th April, 1866. declared to mean that the tax thereby imposed is over 
and above the other taxes sanctioned by that by-law. When assessment roll is made up for anv ward, 
notice is to be given in the newspapers and at the church doors, and objectiocs to be ^led within one 
month thereafter. Parties oUecting thereupon are to receive notice in the same way, at what time 
complaints will be heard by the assessment Dbard ; iu decision to be final. When an assessor requires 
to snp|>ly an omission, or rectify an error, the party affected shall have 15 days' notice to appear and 
state his objections to such alteration. Ctrtiorart and apneal is taken away from decisions in civil 
suits in the Recorder's Court. No wooden houses are to oe erected in Montcalm, St John, Jaoqnea 
Cartier, and St Roch's Wards. 

^0/ 34— Aathorises the Quebec Gas Co. to mcrease its capital stock by ;C30,ooo. 

Cap. 35— Incorporates the Quebec Curlins Club, with power to hold all properqr necessary fbr 
its actual use in Quebec or its vicinity. Liability of members limited to entrance tem and annoal 
subscription. 

L 4^. 36— Enables the incumbent and church wardens of St. Matthew's Chapel, Quebec^ to 
enlam their chapel, and to t^ a sufficient space of the burial ground for that purpose. 

Ct^. 37— Amends the Acts incorporating Montreal. It provides for a consolidated fond of 
15,000^000^ to be divided into stock or shares and debentures of |ioo each, to be divided into 3 classes, 
A, B and C. Ghus A, of #3,000,000, to represent the water works debt, and to be itecured upon the 
waterworks, ftc: Class B. of 91,000,000, the property debt to be secured upon the real estate, 
market houses, public squares, Ac, of the city, and used to pay off the debt thereon ; and Chus C, 
to be osisd for the extinction of the city debt generally, and to be issued as terminable debentures. 
Classes A and B of stock to be perpetual and irredeemable : C redeemable in 2% yean ; all to bear 
interest at the rate of 7 p. c per annum, payable on ist May and ist November. They maybe 
negotiated in the Province or elsewhere, and the interest made payable in currency or steriine. The 
Ciqr Treasurer is to keep a register of the holdera of stock, which shdl be frima /act* evidence of 
What is entered therein. He must invest each year out of the city revenues, before any appropriation 
is paid, 9ao,ooo as a sinking fund fbr the C debentures in Canadian or Provincial secunties, or in such 
stock itself, and a certificate signed by himself and the Mayor must ts submitted to the Council at its 
March meeting that he has done this. The auditor musv also certify under oath whether this has 
been done or not. Failing in this duty, the Treasurer forfeits |3,ooa The Corporation must retain 
an amount of stock and debentures equal to the bonds and debentures out, issued under previous Acts 
and fbrming the debt of the dty. It may redeem them with proceeds of new stock, ftc, or exchange 
the latter for them. The sums on hand to form sinking fonds for past debt to be uwd for redemption 
of so much debt and hereafter discontinued. In proceedings to expropriate under sees, it and is of 
39 and 30 Vic. c <7, thecommissionen shall firat determine who are the parties interested, and civ* 
notice during 10 days in a English and 2 French papers, such parties to fyle oppositions witmn 3 
days after last publication of notice. Certificates for tavern licenses are hereafter to be confirmed or 
refected by a Board composed of the chairmen of standing committees, and not to go before the 
wnole Council. They are to be applied for before the 15th March, and disposed of before the 15th 
AprD, and a list of applications granted are forthwith thereafter to be published. Hereafter proceed- 
ings in the Recorder's Court need not be enregistered at length, unless requested by the defendant, 
but simple enrolment shall be sufficient. In cases of drunkenness the depositions need not be taken 
in writing. A kian of #250,000 is authorised to enable the Corporation to build a new City HaJl, to 
be raised on 7 p. c. debentureis, payable in as years, with special security upon the property. The 
same regulations as to sinking fond, registration, Ac., apply as to consols. In the absence of a 
returning officer firom a municipal election, the City Clerk may appoint a member of the Council to 
take his place. The provision of 37 and aS Vic, cap. fo, sec. 37, as to paving streets with dressed 
stone, ftc, is extended to any other kind of pavinjg the Council may desire to use. When buildings 
are set back firom the line of a street the corporation is only bound to carry the water pipes np to that 
, ine. A by-law may betiassed prohibiting the keeping of pigs within the city, under a penalty of #ao 
or insprisonment for a months. 

Cap. 38— Incorporates the Synod of the Diocese of Montreal and merges (he Church Society in 
it, transferring all the rights and property of the Society to it. 

Ca/. 39— Amends the Montreal City Passenger Railway Act. Obstructing traffic on the trade 
is punishable by a penalty of |ao. Damaging, displaang or interfisring with switches or ndliL or 
injuring property of the company, Sjm besides damages. An employee infringing any by-uw, 
resolution or regulation, may be fined I40. Proceeding to be taken before a J. P. Penalty to go 
half to Crown and half to informer, unless he be an officer of the company, vrhen all goes to Crown. 
Company may impose pimalUes not exceeding^ 30 days' pay on its employees, and stop them ont of 
wages. Any person intoxicated or misbehaving in can may be expelled. The comptny is entitled 
to one month's notice of any daim befora being Sned. 



94 






¥1 



la "^ 












%■ ^ 


ll*^ 


1'^^ 






l> . 



I'U^, 



*s. 



•r«'^H 



■■'"J- 

StJ/iS;' 



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k 






ZtgislaHM &f iS67'S-^Qit€dfC. 



Cm^, ^a— InoorporatM " L» Sodete dd Comtniction Canadtenne de Montrtal " lu n Parmancat 
BaUding bodety, «rtth all the rights, powera and privllegn accorded to nuch •vciatiat by cap. 69 of Iha 
Cod. Stat. L. C. The ihara may be made permanent or continue (emporary. It may invest its 
emplHa fiinda in bank stock, — *■" ' '— ' -" — ' "-*— 



ires may be made permanent or continue temporary. II may In 
k, public security or pivate loans, and may take collateral socurily. 
I the Montreal BnildmR Association, with n capital stock of ijaoo.oc 



Cm^. 41— Incorporates tfie Montreal BnildmR Association, with n capital stock of ijaoo.ooo, will^ 
pomr of increase to it.aoo,ooo. It has power to acquire, hold and convey real estate, buildi laaM 
aoaaell houses, and lend money on mortgages of real estate or provincial government bonds or otlter 
sacaiities or stock of charteredlbanks. In shareholder's meetings, one vote is given for one share, 
two for two or three, and one more tot each two additional shares up to thirteen ; and one more for 
emry three additional shares up to nineteen— ten votes for twenty shares, and one for evsiy flva 
fUiuonal shares: no person to hold proxies for more than one hundred snares. There are to bd 
Directors (holdm of twenty shares each) elected annually ( three a quorum. In ease ut the 
. ^ Ta building by the Association, it may be leased to the purchaser for the period of time within 
which he is to pay the purchase money ; but such lease or possession under il, although it contains • 
prMnlae of sale, shall transfer no right of mx>perty and create no hypothsque until all tlia payment 
axiaiadie and conditions complied with. Then the possession becomes sucli as thftt of any holdai' 
^itui^omtut d* svtiiSr.' whenever such purchaser and leaser is three months in arrears for Ins 
mtalineiits. the Association may retake possession} returning or tendering any balance of purchnaa 
#Mfby paid after deducting 10 per cent, on purchase money unpaid as rent, 10 per eant, on tlia sum. 
pw^ aa fornix the cost of tender, {sipense of repairs rendered necfissary by his occupatian. and 
tHlili»aMchariEes accrued thereon and unpaid. But if the anmwl instalments ire lass fliM 10 
«mWdten the amount of such instalment paid shall be retained as rent. If tl}« party do not vai 



Mt maiMa within ten days after this servu^ of notice or tender, he i 

r44^.^the Civil Code. Tender u to be bfid sufficient if f^Ms^fAr, ,. 

dit^to ifcover (he deficiency or surphis b«>i>g liven to the Qurchaa^r or lbs AlMciltiA^. If 
Metlmd by the Association tw insufficient to n 



may be fitted undar article L 
although upt the exact amoun 



. omeet these chanea it has the usual recourse 

of A lessor upon the goods of the holder. The Directors may at any (line disfolva the As' 
tfm. with the consent of the shareholders. It cahnot begin opemttdna until giStOoe huiMen 
1^, and chatter lapses if they are not begun ii^ five years. 

V0- 4a— Incorporates the Montfeal^anufacturing Comnany ^ith power to carry on buainiss. aa 
iirtm of add diealers in wares aiid abri<!s produced from uatner or other materials.— WIM 
power to hold real estate to the extent of fsiopo annual vahie. Chief pl«oe of buainsss at Montreal 6r 
Quebec. Capital stock, lao^ooot with power to increase to |aoo,ooe : not to begin optratleti^ till 
gokteo is snbacribed and9i|,oao paid up. Botflta only to be ihapMted by DiraotOM, exespt by erdfi; 
Of ule Court. 

. Ci#. 43— Incorporates the Montreal Caledonia Curling Club, with power to bold prOfMrty to bi 
ned fat corporate purposes. 

On*. 44— Inoonurates "Ia Sodete de Conunis Marchands de Montr«aI»" with poorer to hoU 
pl^i^erty necessary for the uto of the corporation. 



iawmuM and pay Over as bonus any sum not exceeding $10,000 to the Company, the by-law bail 
a|mov«d by (ne rate payers. Pi«se»t Diilectors oontinue in office till next annual matting, MH 
mwii of Compa4y dedared not to have lapsed, and not to lapse if the railway be eofflmeaead withiol 
two years and completed within five years or jpassine of this Act. 

C9i^. 46— InooifkMates the CbaAibly Hydraulic and Manufiicturing Company, with power % 
lidjd nal estate of the annual v^^us off 109,033. Thsy Miy acquire prope'ty, erect a dam m 
hranuKc works, ttsing the wateti and portion of the bed of the river Ulchelieu between the Seignorh 
orChambty, west and east, above andTtiear the Yule bridge. May aell and leai* water power, ni 
nay oooltrqct stores, warehouses, «&• " i>i<d also railways for the purpose of cowyectiag the propei , 

' liis Act with any existing rtilway and with any tiavinb] 
irectprs may consider most convenient for the purposes 




nin either by horse or steam power M ihM be nuhd mf 
s, 140 eadi. pirtctors roust hold twenty-nv 
^ .... paid un, the capital nuiv be ineteaMd (0 any amount datme 
ityby theDir^orswith the sanction of two-thirds of the Company^ the by-Mw to bo lyid 



^SnlMiepfthe 



.$1,009,009: shares, 140 eadi. 
inalstftckhasbeenr--^ - "^- 



pirsctors roust hold twenty-nva eacht A 
y be ineteaMd (0 any amount dai 
the Company, the by-Mw to bo lyiM 
the Proviodat Secretary. Withiu six months thereafter, tl|e Directors nrit giving notice in thi 
V<S«8iitir<r, may issue such stock. "Riji^ and i^rivilagu under (hi* charter nmitad by I'rM 
nen-dser. woiks miiy be biigun •"''"- * •"— * ^ '.w— .i«"^ '-* • . --1.* — 



r(S«8M<Sr, may issue such stock. "Rii^ and i^rivilaau uiuMii. , . ., 

. en-(iser. Woiks m^ be b9gunwh«n$4»>i49o have been stibi>«ribfld Mid 1401000 paid up, ,,| 
Ct^, 47 -Incorporates the Canidi Marine Inaunnca Co., with power {o nliGt Inuw^ npyl^Btioti 



iINtMic or landed leeuHties and iHirchase of public 1 



jatd asanne insurance, within the Province, on vessels and qtrgtes aiid (imtMr, «g;iinst ris)ia w nre aa 
,iiwl aa of navigation. May bold real estate of 85,000 annual Value, and other •(ich property for (|y« 
'■pmn, if nxMttmeed to them ortakbn in sfitisiaction of a debt. May invMt tniir ipeneys in leans on 
*" ■ "^''--—* purchase of public securitjei and bank atoc'-t ! eipithl la .000.000, v i|K 

I. Board to consist of five directers, Mdint ten (Barts of iio6 each. 
late Ca.< heretofore incorporated by Iffters patent, navingallpted stotic 
., . . i« par for purchase ctf prM^rty. in igpannce of th* law, the allotmanti 

,aM transien are allowed and diMiared valid, and ai<tnontyjavan (0 aupt tht ranialning sharoa of iho 
lagajoal value wf «;« each atjniees not less than i.>3 each. JKyhta of exiatiag mditors aro lavid. Ciii 
rooggnised as a Mining Co., and capi 64 Con. Stat. U C if dsolorad to imly to it. , 
Ce/. 49— Amends the act of incorporation of the town of St. Johns, Smmt it Into fpur •r.-inU. 
At the first dectiwi after ut January, !»), (ha four retiring CoumUImi shall be raplaeed by fiiur; 
oneorWhomtarestdisntineaciiward: and th: sams in 1870, and iheraaftar each ward ihall nt all 
tJqpa be.fepresented by two coundllor^ Rsaidence of three mondn is rediiirad. Taxes must hitve 
bwn;pald before tho ist January to entitle a rate-payer to vote Taxes un^iga tnq-aaHd lo ' a 

Cd|^ so— Ineorpoitites the '* $t Jean Baptiate Sodety of the Town of St. johftSi" with power lO 
|yiM iwl estate c^ t^e aiuiual valu? of >■ 9,000. 

C<y« s<-Ameiids the Act in«arporaUng "The St. JoselA'e Vnion of St. Jean d'lbervl'lv,'^ 
Aduinc that tjy pen skms and allowances of the SOd^y to widows Hnd aidi menban cannot li« 

^oj! sa-^!inenSihe Atta (aoorptwaUng Leiria. by dvint ftnlher anlht^fy to the Council f'^r thil 
ifipaitionment of rood work, ferregnlathig slauji^tin-BOttses, and tho storage of potrolottHi and nth(>r 



Le^isUtHon of 1868 — New Brunswick. 



95 



> • Ptrmancnt 
np, 60 of the 
nay invait iu 
urity. 
faoo.ooe, wttl^ 
t, bullJ, lonM 
ondt or otliar 
br on« itiare, 
I oiia mora for 
for avavy flva 
ara ara to ba 
In cnaa u\ (h 
)f tima wlthli 
it eontaint a 
tha pnyinantl 
of any holw 
irraara for Ma 
« of purehnaa 
!• on tlw lun 
euMtion, and 
a than 10 ' 
do net va&ia 
darartlclal^ 
axut amouDl, 
iUMn. If 

,;«•" 

hulMan 

m bualnaaaaa 
uarlali.-wlii 
It MoittraalM 
op«ratietif till 
wapt by ordfi; 

iroparty to be 

power to held! 

wny, mating 
mm tffe piaiti 
allad ton t 
btrtbutaCmif 
by-law bain 
meeting, nn. 
' leadwithii^ 



po« 
dnn 



ith 

t a dnm ano 

tha Saigiiorla 

ir nowar, nil 

Etna propart, 
ny navinbJN 
I puipoaaa i 
a lound mo 
each. Aft. 
lountdaamat 
V to be lyi* 
notice In tha; 
lt«dJ)yi-j«Ji 

id nayintliin 
•kaofjireM, 
mm tot flv« 
ninioanii 01 

000^900, V ItU 

atleted atod^ 
le allotmanta 
•haraa of the 
ia«vad. Citt 

four .v:])^. 
aeedbyftiurJ 
i malt ni all 
at muit hrtve 

tft^Vwar.^ 

d*lbervi:i«,'{ 
ira caniioi bif 

Dunejl for iltil 



t 



inftHBmaUa aubataaoaa; to require any one doing any kind of buiiness to talce out a license therelbri 



orinli 

ipaaalf. 
Hpen the ice. 

p*/ 13— Incotporatea the " Union St. Pierre du Village Blainville de Levia," to hold property 
to tbe annual value of Isiooo. Its gk-antt or allowances to widows or sick not to be liable to 




igulate 



^<M> 54— Incorporates " L'Union St. Joseph a St. Sauveur de Quebec" with the same powers, 
■• Cm. si—Aulhorisaa the ministers of the congregation at Hull calling th«mscives the ^'CathMic 
Apoatolic Church," upon taking the oath of allegiance and presenting a c«.rtificate of ordinaticm 
bmore a J P., to keep registers of marriages, baptisms and burials, and the Act is to apply to regiattrts 
alraady kept. ^ 

Ca/. aA— Authorisea the Grey Nuns at Montreal to aoquirs additional property, to the annoal 
im» of £8,000, They may aall dl their present real estate and reinvest the proceedi hi real estM*. 
Aa annual report to be made to Government of the prapeity held. 

Ca/i 57— Providea that the nourial minutes, documents, &&, of the late Theodore Doucet, if 
MOBtreal, N. P., may remain in the hands of bis son "heodoro Doucet, N. P., for ten years, and 
eopiaa granted by hia said son shall be authentic, as if signed by the Prothonolary ; half the Res to tie 
Mia over to the widow, or, if aha die, to the other heirs of the kite Mr. Doucet, and such p>.r cenbiie 
er the other half to the Provincial Treaaury u the L. G. in C. may order. 

Ca^. 5t— AuthoHsea the Curator to the vacant eaUte of the late John Coffin to sell the ca^tala 
or aay or all of the constituted rents due to said estate, and execute deeds of assignment thereof; iad 
to compound with debtors of such rents. Curator to be dischaived when he has accounted therefor. 

. Ow. 59— AHtberiiea the Montreal Board of Notaries io admit Norbert Damase Daniel BtwetW, 
e* RMBemiit ia the Coanty of Rouville, to practice aa a Notary after examination. 



PROVINCE OP NEW BRUNSWICK. 



«M: 



S ^im Btgmm ijlA Ftimtuy tutd Prortgutd tyd March, i86S. 

RECEIVER GENERAL. 
I— Tha Provincial Secretary is made Receivei' General, with power to reoaiveand dWeilt 

monaya. ' He ia to give a bond of Isoooo, with two sureties of tio/ooo each. The L. OL 

■ CL ie to direct how amonnts are to be kept. The Searetary is to receive no sabiry aa R. G. 

ELECTION EXPENSES. 

€mf. *—Deterainea the ftea to be received by Sherifi for holding election. For services, t«p : 
Ibr Hate of voters, to eta. per fol. ; each poll book, 7« eta. ; each constable (not mora than two at eiiah 
palliag phMeK %ut» ; «ach mfesiding omcer, (6 and lo eta. per mile mileage, to be only counted one 
itogri eaa pdU or ahmff'a derk, #4. and mileage for resting notices, as above : extra expejiaea |n 
Coil of CharletM for Island of Grand Manan not to exceed i^ao ; for printing and polling bootha,aay 
raaMoable aum actndly paid. 

ADMISSION OF ATTORNEYS. 

Cm^. 3— Amanda the Act s6 Vic, cap 33, which redaced tbe term of atiidy of atodents who hfT^ 1 
taken a B. A. in Great Britain, or Britiah Colonies, or the United Statea, to three years, by extending 
tiM privilege to graduatea of Irish Universities. i 

JURISDICTION OF J. P. IN CIVIL SUITS. i 

Ce>. 4— Amends cap. 137, Title 37 of Revised Statutes. No J. P. can hold a court to try a vh* 

• unleaa pfaiintiff or denndant raaklea in the parish in which he does. Neither plaintiff np^ 

ieftnilant giving evidence in hia own behalf ia to receive foe aa witness, unless J. P. holds him to i>^ 
« material witness. No constable to act aa agent or attorney of either party. £ach party may ch^l*' 
Mnge one juror peremptorily, and if thua those in attendance be reduced to less tiian three, bystandM 
my be called apon to aiippqr the deficiency. This not to limit jurisdiction of Police Magistnito of 
Portland, aider aS Vic, cap. 3. 

POLLING PLACES-ST. JOHN. 
' . Cmp. 5— Dtvidea the Parish of Laneasfer into three {lolling places. Non-rendeat electors fortt# 
Oeniity oir St jAhn muat vote at No. 3, miless at an election held befora the new liataire 

COLLECTION AND k«ANAOEMENT OF REVENUE. 
Cm^ d.—AU pntilic moneys tc be paid into a bank, designated by the L. G in C, to the credit'M 
'the R. Q., or to the R. G., and by mm ao deposited. The L. G. iu C. to prescribe the time an^ 



Mithodsfif acootttttingfor and 
'Mi by warrant or cheoue of ti 



over public moneys by revenue officen. Moneys to be drinhi 
leot. 'Go<reriiQr, sigtied, by the R. G^ and countersigned by IM 



'Aiiditor General, who shall endorse on it a meni. of the legislative authority for the payment ; exi 
In ease of accident orandden and unforseea emergencv, when L. G. in C. may issue an order for); 
liibdal warrant. PCiiaHy of |roo imposed for neglect or refusal of offloei or corporation to aeeooni 
m public monevaat the proper time. Whenever the R. G. has reason tc beKeve that my person m 
'^tMfontion helda pttWiC moneya linactouated for, he may call ntoon tkem to acownt foraadpay olw^ 
Mm ^me within to tote days; serVice of notice to be made by sheriff or deputy. Onfailui<etocompl] 
tMh notice, the R. G. or Auditor General may state an account between the Crown and snch past] 
tinS Miver it to |IM Attorney General as basis for proceediugs for recovery of the anWant, or obtol 
'iedtHint Same ptoceedin^ to be taken in case of insuffiaent vouchers or none. Whenever ^^ 
bdttka of any revCnee oOeer shew a bahuice linaeoounted (or against him, a jadn er court may, U| 
i aitlnnle affidavit of an eiffieer authorised to lake pnccedSgs, issoe a writ to aeiae and sell tlie 




Mspecti 
oyavcli 



lai course, meiotiwe aMinng otbcr moneya to aucii purpose. AU booka. accounta^ pipers, ^ j 
ing pHblle moneya in tae naida of any eacer or person belong to the Crown, however acquir 



avch person. 



'1t.r 



«« 



Legislation of 1868 — New Brunswick.* 






* 1: 



i. 



r'-i^v- 


















SETTLEMENT OF CROWN LANDS. 
On/. 7— Providw for the survov of wild lands selected for Bcttlement in too acrta lota and cm- 
amictiim of roads to and tlirou^li tncm ; enacts that thcv shall be reserved for actual lettlora, and ba 
mniid iit aingle lots to any cmigr.-int or other settler or ei{;hteen or over who owns no other land in 
the Province, on the foUowinj; terms »— The payment of Cso m advance or doing road and bridga work 
for three years to the extent of '-. lo per annum ; commencement to improve the lot so toon aa ha 
occupies It : and within two years buildins a house at least i6 by ao feet, and clearing two acres of 
land i continuing to reside tor three years and Uearin;; and cultivating ten acres. He may absent 
hitkiaelf from such land from time to time to procure subsistence for his family. After performing two 
years settlement duty he may himself cut and haul the timber on the lot, but cannot dispoee of the 
standing timber till be has received the patent. Any settler upon a lot of loo acres who naa already 
ftiUUlad thMC oonditioiM miy receive a remittance of any sum due to the Crown for it. 

LEGALIZING CERTAIN DEEDS. 
C«y(. 8.— Acknowledgements of deeds for registry made before Judges of the Superiar Court of 
nroon Pleas since the passing of 30th Vic, cap. 10, are declared legal. Thay may b^ 



Common . „ _, 

hereafter before County Court Judges, Notaries Public or Deputy RcKiatrara. 

MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS— ST. JOHN. 

C«y. 9— Provides that no person shall vote in a municipal election for the city of St. John tmhaa 

^ be has, at least seven days before, paid all his taxes ; the receivers of taxes to strike the luumt of 

thoaenotpayingoutofthelistsbefore the day of election. Tax receipts hereafter not to ba prodtwod. 

IIm names of persons exempt from taxes to be retained. No person omitted shall be put upon the 

Uat by the Common Clerk without such receipt of payment aeven days beibra election. 

TOWN OF WOODSTOCK AID TO RAILWAY COMPANY. 
C*p, 10— Gives a mortgage upon the property of the Woodstock Railway Company b ftivoar of 
the town for a loan of 9ao,ooo, with a right to seise and sell or uke possession of the road in defatilt of 
payment. In case of lease of the railway an amount equal to the interest on the loan and i per cent 
more is to be made payable to the town, and no lease for more than three years is to be valid without 
the consent of the town. 

SUPPLY. 
Ca^. 11— Is a Suptily Bill, granting for various services 163,486. 

ROADS AND BRIDGES. 
Cap. IS— Grants 9169,^ for the repairs of the great and bye-roads of the Province and for 
bridges, and repairs and maintenance of public buildings and for steam navigation. This sum is to b4 
expended under direction of the Board of Works, by Supervisors or Commissioners appointed for 
that purpose, except in York, Carleton aijd Sunbury, in which the county inuniciinlitiea appoint 
Commissioners, but take bonds from them in favour of the Crown, and account, in their turn, to the 
govoriftm^nt. No person who has been a defoulter respecting any public money cait be elected Com- 
missioner for a bye-road — the Lieut.-GovemQr to appoint in case of (iulura to elect eligible per- 
son or vacancy by death. Commissioners are allowed 5 per cent, on the anm j expnided 
by them. Money is all to be expended before ist September, except for ccmpletion of 
bridge or removal of obstructions. When practicable, all joba on roads to be divided into allotmenta 
and let after '.en days' notice by public competition. Where that is not to be obtained, work may be 
done by day laborers to the extent of one-fourth of the grant aUotted. Commissioners may, in 
destitute settlements, fiimish seed grain to settlers, to be paid for in woric on bye-roads. Coraiida- 
sioners to give bonds, and furnish receipts and vouchers Kid an account under oath for all mooeya 
received and expended by them before ist December. 

COUNTY COURTS. 
C^. 13— Amends the County Courts Act. ■ Minors miy sue in these courts for wrges due to 
them. Affidavits to be used therein may be taken before a County Court Judge, or JuMge or Com- 
missioner of the Supreme Court. A Judge may order any prisoner, except on a civiiprocest^ to be 
brought before him as a witness, and the Sherm or other officer biringing him is justified Ib^ such 
Older, and may adduce it as evidence under a plea of general issue if prosecuted. Except where it 
is intended to hold defendant to bail, or in replevin, all personal actiona are to be commenced by writ 
of summons. Form of capiat \it provided. Affidavits for process holding persons to bail may be 
hMde out of the Province by Commsisioners of the Supreme Court. The Sheriff or his deputy noust 
endorse on the writ of summons the time of its delivery to him. If not served within fifteen days, 
plaintiff may receive it back and charge Sheriff's fees for service by private person. No summons or 
Copite to be in force for more than two months. A capia* and copiea for eadi deiiendant to be 
delivered to the Sheriff or deputy, and the plaistiff may order service on one or more of thai 
defendants to be made as ifofsummons, without arrest. A County Court Judge may order a render or 
defendant b discharge of bail to gaol of any County. ^Judgment may be entered by successful party 
en a verdict of non-suit within ten days, and execution issue thereon, unless Judge holds that thaeiMH 
of Justice require a stay of judgment. If an action be brought in County Court over which it has no 

Snadiction, prooMdings to execution for costs may be had aa upon non-suit. Jurisdiction is given 
cases of replevin up to llaoo (where title to land is not brought in question). Proceedings aa in 
Supreme Court, Casts as in Inferior Court of Common Pleas. Where, fbr any reason, the Judge 



m 




^___ . . ., _ _, _ Coottraptoc 

Court may be puuished by fine up to f^ or imprisonment fi>r one montlhi, or both. An attachmeitt' 
tat costs accrued in any matter of review i-s authorized. The times of holding County Courts in 
Sunbury, Restigouche, Gloucester, and Chai;lotte, are altered.- The County Courts have concurrent 
jnrisdictioa with the Circuit Courts in trial of all offences not capital All uwa enacted for latter tci 
wphr to former, except that no Grand Jury may be summoned for a County Court uidess upon ordtf 
of the Judge of snch Court. Examinations and recocnisances to be transmitted to Qerk m County* 
Court. County Court Judges may admit to bail in all cases but those of cental eJBnces. Appeaii 
firom convictions of J. P. given. 

» SURVEY AND EXPORT OF LUMBER. 

Cap. 14— Provides that every surveyor of lumber shall keep a record of the mariis upon it, aad 
pvtt td the owner when required an account of the dimensions and marlw of the several pieces. 

C^ IS— Repesds sec. s ^f <ap^ i5i Tit. III. of tht Revised Sutntes, and impoees • doty m 

, -it 



Legisiation of 1868 — Nav Brunrtvick. 



97 



)ts and vutf 
len, and be 
Iher land in 
bridge work 
i toon as he 
two acre* of 
I may abaent 
rforminKtira 
spoae oftlte 
baa already 



rier Court of 
•y b« made 



John tmleaa 
he nanio« of 
fawprodooad. 
Mit upon the 



in AToar of 
i in defaolt of 
d I per cent 
raUd without 



vinceaadfbr 
I sum ia to be 
tpiwinted for 
litiea appoint 
turn, to the 
deeted Com" 
eligible per- 
tci expended 
^pletum of 
to allotraenta 
work may be 
leia may, in 
I. Commia- 
rall moneya 



rgee due to 
4ge or Com* 
ocewtto be 
led Dyanch 
spt where it 
iced by writ 
|bail maybe 
leputy muat 
in daya, 
lummona or 
mt to be 
e of the; 
a render or 
jfiilpaiiy 
^tthaenda 
:h it haa DO 
ia given 
Jnga aa fai 
, the Judfe 
funty Judie 
prooednrei 
.tetemptoC 
attachment' 
Coorta in 
concurrent 
jrbtter to 
upon order 
of CoiinbK 
Appeafc. 



liVaad 
indatyoB 



Haematac and Jumper kne^s shipped,— on each knee 6 to 7 in., m cti. : on each 7 in., 35 cts. ; over 
7 in., 40 cU. ; under 6 in., free of duty. 

INSOLVENT CONFINED DEBTORS. 
Cat. 16— Amendf cap. 134, Tit XXXIV., of the Uevised iitatutes. Any debtor in gaol or on 
the limits may apply to a County Court Jtidg;e for h:s discharge, who may grant aii order, on which 
the Sheriff or Gaoler brings him up for cxannnation. Seven days notice to uo give.i to the dctainins 
creditor. If it appear on sncli examination that the debtor h.is no property or estate except that 
mentioned in the istli section of the .ibovc cited Act, and a homeste.id exempt by law ; and that 
since he was served with the first process in the suit he h.id not directly or indirectly transferred any 
property, r£al or personal, intending to defraud the person at whose suit hs is confined, or civeii any 
unaue preference, he shall be discharged from confinement. If the creditor, or arry person on his 
behalf, make affidavit that he has reason to believe tliat the debtor has not made a full disclosure an 
adjournment may be granted for further examination for not less than seven nor more than tourtccn days. 
Two commissioners may be appointed in each county to discharge the ducies of the Judge in this 
respect. Inconsistent enactments are repealed. 

YORK SITTINGS OF CIRCUIT COURTS OF COURTS OF OVER AND TERMINER. 
Cd/. 17— Provides that the sittings for York shall be held on the second Tuesday of May and 
}ait Tuesday in October in each year, instead of the second Tuesday in January and fourth Tuesd.iy 

mjunfc ADMINISTRATION.OF JUSTICE IN EQUITY. 

Cap. tS.— Any trustee, executor or administrator, may, without the institution of a suit, apply 
by petition to any Judge of the Supreme Court in Ec^uity or by a summons upon a written statement 
to any such Judge in chambers, for advice respecting the execution of his trust, kz, ; and such 
advice shall discharge such trustee, &c., from accountability for any action taken thereupon, unless he 
haa misrepresented or concealed facts. Costs in discretion of the Judge. 

ACTIONS AGAINST OFFICIALS. 
Cap. 19.— The provisions of cap. 36 of the Revised Statutes, respecting actions against public 
oiBcera, &c., are extended to all officers of municinalities and commissioner of highways in perform- 
ance of their functions. One month's notice of action shall in all cases be given, when notice is 
required. _ 

DIVORCE AND MATRIMONIAL CAUSES. 
Cap. 3»— Amends the law on this subject. Citations may be served on the parties out of the 
Province as well as in. Affidavits to be used in the Divorce Court may be taken by any one in or out 
of the Province autliorized to take affidavits to be read in the Supreme Court. If a party fail to 
appear when summohed, proceedings may be had in defiiult, without issue of the writ dt cotUumuu* 
capiendo. 
' COURT IN SUNBURY. 

Cap. 31— Provides that the Circuit Court for Sunbury shall be held on the ist Tuesday in Julyi 
instead of and in January. 

SESSIONS OF THE PEACE. 
Cap. 33— Declares that the 37th section of 30 Vic, cap. to does not apply to the Courts of General 
Sessions of the Peace, as respects the holding of such sessions, or the time. 

Cap. 33.— The Sessions of the Peace shall be held in Queen's County on the 3rd Tuesdays in 
January and June, instead of as heretofore, and those are the orly such sessions to be held there. 

CLERKS OF THE CROWN AND CIRCUITS. 
Cap. 34.— The above offices are abolished, and the Lieut. Governor authorised to appoint an 
(officer in each county or city and county to perform their duties, receiving the same fees. In all cases 
tried, but not finally decided <-it the time of passing the Act, the Petttas to be entered by the present 
clerk. Act to come into operation on ist May, 186S. 

EXEMPTION OF HOMESTEADS. 

Cap. 35— Exempts the homestead of each head of a family, not exceeding in value f6oo. firom 

seizure and sale for a debt or cause of action accrued after passing of Act. If the hom7stcad exceed 

that value, a property of that amount may be set apart from it v/hen seized and ahoi't t,) be sold: 

appraisers l»etng called in for the purpose : and the, proceedings had respecting it to ' ■: < v umcd with 

J;^ ^^ ^ ^ 

over and alwve the $6ao, which shjdl be a dis(£arge of the writ. If he do not so pay within the time i 
allowed for the sale cf real estate on execution, the sale is proceeded with, and out of the proceeds 
|6oo is paid back to debtor, or oldest adult representative, if wife consents ; if not, it is deposited in 
savings or other bank, to be drawn out on joint cheque or order. If not more than $^aa is bid, tlv 
sale is not to lie proceeded with, the debtor retaining the property. Such property can only be alienated 
with consent of the wife, if living. Pioperty fraudulently purchased while a person is insolvent cannot 
be so exempted. Costs of execution of the writ may not be taken out of proceeds of or levied upon 
such homestead. Appraisers wilfiilly and firaudulentiy breaking their oath to appraise Justly are guilty 
of felony, and liable to punishment for peijury. 

VENIRE 10 CORONERS AND PAY OF JURORS. 
Cap. 36.— Whenever the Sheriff is of kin to either party in a suit, or interested in it, the wntrt 
for a jury ahall issue to a Coroner. Special jurors to receive the same pay and allowances as petit 
jurors. 

CORONERS FOR ST. JOHN. 
Cap. 37— The Lieut. Governor may appoint as many Coroners for the citv and county of St 
John as he deems necessary, not exceeding two for the city and one for each pariui. 

GAOL LIMIT BONDS. 
Cap. 38. — Any gaol limit bond taken for or on behalf cf any person for non-payntent of rates or 
taxes may be assigned to the collector for the parish, and sued upon by him if forfeited. 
Cap. 39. — The Act of '30 Vic, relating to gaol limits, is repealed. 

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. 
Cap. 30.— The number of CouncilWs is hereafter to be eighteen. The Lieut. Governor may 
appoint persons to fill vacancies and to keep up that number. To bo eligible a person must be 23 




'Wi 



■^,y. 






96 



LegisiaHm of 1868 — New Brunswick, 






^ 









III-., 



- !i<f-: 



'%,. 



yrara of Kge, a tubjact of Her Majesty by birth, or naturaXied under an Act of Great Britain or of 
one of the Provinces forming the Dominion. He mutt hold $3,400 in real eetate, and must be resident 
within the Province. His plaoe becomes vacant by resignation, absence during two sessions without 
leave ftom the Lieut. Governor, taking the oath of allegiance to, or becoming a subject or citisen of a 
foreign State or Power, insolvency, or oecoming a public defaulter, being attainted of treason, or con- 
victed of felony or any infamous crime, and ceasing to reside or hold the property qualification. 
8uestions of Qualification of a Councillor to be heard and determined by the Council itself. The 
suncil is to cnoose its own President, and, in case of his temporary absence, may choose a President 
4r« Umptt. Eight members necessary for a quorum, unless the Legislature otherwise determine. 
Before taking his teat, a member must take the oath of allegiance and make a declaration of 
qindification. 

LOCAL AND PRIVATE ACTS. 

Cap, 31— Amends the Act authorising the Council of the city of Fredericton to contract a loan 
and grant money in aid of the Fredericton Branch Railway. Debentures may be ittued bearing aa 
high a rate of interest as 8 per cent. City Council may issue |io,ooo of the loan on the ist April, 
1868, taking security for the grading of nve miles or repayment ; and the balance of the #40,000 on 
•uch security and at such times as they deem best. The debentures and interest coupons to l>e a 
Ant charge upon the revenues of the city. 

Cap, 3a— Grants the City Council power to allow the Railway Company to lay its track through' 
and along certain streets, and take possession of and occupy certain oroperty of the city. The 
wharf to be constructed by it at the foot of Westmoreland or near to the foot of Sunbury street only 
to be used for railway purposes, and no tolls or top wharfage to be charged for vessels lying and 
loading or unloading thereat. Also to grant power to lay a track from Salamanca crossing the 
Fredericton and St. John road at Esele's bridge, thence along the St. John to Wesmoreland street. 

Cap. 33— Incor])orates the Fredericton Hotel Company, with a capital of 810,000 divided into 
500 shares. Operations to be commenced ^hen 100 pharos are subscribed. Five directors to be 
choaen annually. Each share to have a vote and proxies allowed. Shares are forfeited for non- 
payment of calls, and to be sold by auction. Balance of proceeds, however, after paying cost of 
aeiling, calls due, .ind interest, to be refunded to the former shareholder. No recourse is given to 
creditors of the Company against the property of individual shareholders, even for arrears ofcalla or 
aaaessments. 

Cap, 34— Continues the several Acts providing for the support of the police of St. John, 




audi award as they make to the J. P., who shall hand it over to the party entitled to receive it. 

Cap. 36— Amends the law respecting municipal asceasments in St. John. Any person carrying 
on any business or having any office or dace of business or any occupation, employment or profes- 
sion. In St. John is, for the purposes or assessment, an inhabitant thereof. The principal place of 
business of a company or corporation in St. John constitutes it an inhabitant there. Foreign com- 
panies doing business t]>ere are to be assessed on the revenue derived firom its business there, which 
the agent or manager must state under oath. If he fail to do so, the assessors may asseu to the best 
ofth3trjudgment,anfl their dedsiop is final. The mi>nager or agent is responsible for the astets- 
nents. No shareholder is to be assessed on his stock or shares in a compamv. Taxea are a special 
lien for two vears upon real estate. They may be recovered either firom the owner or occupier, 
the tenant being first served with notice ; and claims for taxes having precedence over all other liens 
on goods and chattels, &c. Certain errors in the assessment rolls may be corrected by the assessors 
at any time before a new one is levied. Executions issued by the Receiver of Taxes under the Act of 
the a9th Vic. shall run to any part of the County of St. John as well as the city. The assessors are 
to search the registry of shifi^ing and public departments when bond . and other public securities are 
registered for information, and pay the necessary fees. Assessment is not to be levied on freight or 
loamings of any steamer or other vessel entering or clearing the port. 

Ca>. 37— Incorporates the " Carleton (St. John) Shipwright's Shipbuilding and Trading Com- 
pany," for the purpose of building ships or vessels, and freighting, chartering or trading with or 
selling the same," Ac. Permanent capital, $400,000, in shares of gio. An accumulation capital to 
be formed of* per cent, of the first cost of eadi vessel after paying debts of Company, but before any 
dividend ; to oe used for charges or losses on such vessel and building others to replace her. To 
hold real estate worth |i3,ooo. There are to be seven Directors, of whom one shall be President : 
four, including him, to be elected each year ; qualification, live shares, 35 per cent, paid up. , One 
share gives a vote, and three more a second vote. No person to have more than two. Proxies in 
the hands of shareholdera allowed. Shares may be issued tc be paid for by monthly instalments ; but 
no i>erson shall hold more than two, until he has paid up something on them. Shares may be 
forfeited and sold, and the amount appropriated to a reserve fund. Operationa not to commence till 

S[,ooo are subscribed and #1,000 paid up, and certificate thereof lodged with the Provincial Secretary, 
o Director, except the President, to receive »ny salary or allowances. 

Cat.^ 38---Autnorises the Rev. Edgar Lo /ell Foster, Congregationalist Minister at St. Stephen, 
after talcing the oath of allegiance, to solemnize marriages. 

Cap. 39— Authorizes George McLeod and James Cameron to erect booms across and along the 
shores of the River Richibougnacacis, near mills owned by them, to enable them to sort the lumber 
pnnng down and retain their own. The sorting to be done every day, except Sunday, while timber 
is passing down, and timber not theirs allowed to go on. Any person owning s tch timber may recover 
dammes for any neglect or unreasonable delay. Wilfully to damage the booms or piers to Be a mis- 
demeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than three years. 

Cap. 40— Amends the Act authorismg the Trustees of St Stephen's Church, St. John, to sell 
oertain lands in the city; and authorizes the Commissioners to raise #3,000 on security of the new 
diurch and lands, and to sell the pews not allocated under the previous Act, and devote the proceeds to 
the repayment of this loan. 

Ca/. 41— Anthorises the General Sessions of the Peace for Queen's-County to raise a loan, not 
cueeding #6,000, upon debentures, for the erection of a new gaol. Interest not to exceed 6 per cent 
Debentures and coupons to be payable to lender or bearer, and negotiable like promissory notes. 
Sessions nuy levy a rate not exceeding #3,000 per annum to pay off the interest and princifn! of loan. 

Cap, 4a—Authorises the Sessions for Charlotte County to raist a sum of #t,ooo to procure and 
tcaasmit to the Government of Canada information respecting the firontier route of the Intercolonial 



Ligisiation of 1868 — Ntw Brunswieh, 



laio or of 
e retidsnt 
IS without 
Uiun of a 
in, or con- 
tlmcatW>n. 
leir. The 
Preiident 
letermiM, 
aratioa of 



ract a loan 
bearing aa 
lit April, I 
|40,eoo on 
M to be a I 

ck through 
city. The 
street only 
s lying and 
tossing the 
nd street, i 
lividcdinto 
sctors to be 
ted for non- 
ying coit of 



s of 



or 



ihn. 

Is in Spnng 
! arbitrators I 
ihaser to pay 
live it. 

rson carrying 

nt or profes- 

apal place of 

Foreign com- 

there, which 

IS to the best 

ir the assess- 

lareaspedal 

or occupier, 

11 other liens 

the asseasors 

iter the Act of 

assessors are 

securities are 

on freight or 

'rading Com- 
iding with or 
tion capiUl to 
ut before anr 
lace her. To 
be President 
aid up. . One 
9. Proxies in 
tahnents : but 
hares may b<s 
commence tiU 
cial Secretary. 

t St. Stephen, 

and along the 
ort the lumber 
while timber 
mayrecpyer 
to be a mis- 



John, to sell 
ity of the new 
the proceeds to 

ise a loan, not 
«ed6percent 
imissory notes, 
ncipad of loan, 
■^to procure and 
Intercolonui 



railway : and Ism to aid the survey of a branch line from the St. Andrew's Railway to Houlton, in 
the State of Maine, and to levy an assaw . :nt therefor. 

AID TO RAILWAYS. 
C«/. 43— Amends the Act relating to aid to railways . When any ra!lw.iy whall not exceed as 
miles in length, the government may pay over ti 1,500 lor every $50,000 expended by the Company, 
under conditions prescribed by the provisions of the law. 
' SOLICITOR GENERAL. 

C«/. 44— Abolishes the office of Solicitor General. 

SEWERS. 
Cmf. ^5— Amends cap. 69, Tit. X., of the Revised Statutes, repealing the third section reftrrtng 

fcSackville Parish, and ordering the proprietors of Marsh to meet at or near the residence of Wm. 
nnear. 

PROTECTION OF SHEEP. 
C<i/. 46— Repeals cap. 6a, Tit. VIII., sec a Rev. Stat., and provides that the owner of anjr sheep 
or lamb maimed or killed may recover damage IVom the owner of the dog doing the mischief} if of Vao 
Of under, before a J. P. : if over, before any competent court, with costs. 

ELECTIONS TO PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLY. 

Cai. 47— -Provides that in every election in Gloucester for the Provincial Assemblv, the poll, if 
demanded, shall be held on the first Monday aAer (he day of nomination ; the nomination day to be 
at least 3 and not more than 6 days before. 

C«/. 48— Alters the polling places for the parishes of Derb_y and Nelson in Northumberland. 

Ca>. 49— Establiahes an additional polling place in the parish of Bandnn in Gloucester. 

Cap, 50— Establishes an additional polling place in the parish of Westfield in King's. 

Caf. II— Establishes an additional polling, place in Charlotte for inhabitants of parts of Lepreans 
and Pennneld, to be called the Clarendon district. 

PRIVATE AND LOCAL ACTS. 

Cmf. sa— Authorises the Commissioners of Highways in Hampton, in King's Co., to establiab 
certain roads, known as St. James street, St. Andrew's street, Brunswick street, Albert street, Victoria 
street and Elm street, in the village of Hampton, although laid out less than 4 rods wide. 

Caf. 53— Incorporates, as the St. Andrew's Steamboat Wharf Co., certain persons who have 
erected a steamboat wharf at the foot of St. Patrick street, St. Andrew's, with power to keep up and 
extend the same and erect warehouses, ftc, thereon, and collect tolls for the use thereof. Capital 
stock, 16,500, in $\o shares, with power to increase to $10,000. 7 Directors to be elected annually. 
Calls not oftener than 30 days and not to exceed as p. c. each. The stock of any shareholder in arrenr 
may be sold by auction. Irit sell for less than the amount due, he is still liable to the Co. for the 
balance, and shall receive the balance if it sell for more, including interest, costs, Ac. 

CVi/. 54— Incorporates the Fredericton Bridge Co., with power to erect a bridge across the 
St Jolm, at or near Fredericton. The capital stock to be f 300,000, in shares of $35, with power to 
increase to $3oo,ooa 3 p. c. to be paid on his stock before a shareholder can vote. Liability is 
limited to the joint stock and property of the Co. Powers given to enter upon any lands necessary 
for survey and to use those adjacent for deposit of materials, &c. If proprietor or occupier and Co. 
cannot agree upon compensation for lands taken or damage done, it is to be settled by 3 arbitrators, 
one chosen by the Co., one by the proprietor or occupier, they to choose the third : or if they fail to 
do so he shall be chosen by the L. G. in C. If the owner or occupier decline to join in arbitration, 
then, on application, a judge of the Superior Court shall issue an order to the sheriff or coroner or 
some other party (if they are interested,) who shall empannel a jury of 5 to assess the damages, whose 
verdict or award shall be final. Maximum tolls— for a foot passenger, 5 cents ; horse or ass, &c., 
so cents ; one horse carriage, 40 cents ; 10 cents for each extra horse or other draught aninial ; for 
eadt person more than one in carriage, 5 cents; neat cattle, 8 cents; sheep, calves, hogs, a cents. 
For driving over bridge faster than a walk, the penalty is f 4 ; evading payment of toll, $\o ; damaging 
bridge or works, a misdemeanor, with imprisonment lor not more than 10 years, or |aoo fine. The 
I^rovindal Government to have the right at any time to assume the bridge as a public work. Charter 
lapses if bridge be not built in 3 years. 
I Caf. <t5--Continues the several Acts relating to the Maduxnakik Boom Co. until ist May, 1880. 

C«/. 56— Provides for the winding up of the affairs of the Central Bank of New Brunswick. 
Notice that all claims are to be brought in for adjustment within twelve months is to be given in the 
R^mi GoMtitt. After the expiry of that time and the paynxnt of all notes or bills or other just 
aiid legal claima so presented, the President and Directors may distribute the remaining assets fro 
rtta among the snareholders, and thfrttupon the charter shall be considered repealed, and the 
liability of the shareholders cease, exc:pi as regards payment of bills or notes issued by it, which 
cmitinues till awd March, 1870. 

Caf. (7— Extends the time allowed to the Company for commencing the Albert Riijlway to the 
a|rd March, 1870, and for its completion to three years firom that date. 

Caf. 58— Allows the Kent Sessions of the Peace to make a rate On the Parish of Richibucto not 
exceeding 91,300 to build a wharf at the county ground in fhmt of the Custom House, and erect a 
wfaarehouse thereon, rate to be payable half in each of two years. 

Ca/. 59— Incorporates the Woodstock Manu&cturing Company with powers to manuiactmre 
flour and meal, or anything else that maybe manufactured Irom wool, cotton, wood, grain, leather^ 
lAdia rubber, gutta percna or other materials. To hold real estate necessary for its operations. 
Capital stock, ^,o3q, with power of increase to laoo.ooo ; shares $10 each. Five Directors to be 
dected annually, proprietors of twenty shares each. Each share to give a vote. Shares on which 
adls remain six weeks unpaid may be forfeited and sold, the defaulting shareholder being liable to 
make good any deficiency of the proceeds, to satisfy the amount of the unpaid calls. The town of 
Woodstock and County of Carleton may exempt the Company's property from assessments for ten 
years, or commnte them for a fixed sum. 

Cmf. 60— Amends the. Act incorporating the St. John Trades Co-Operative Association. The 
minimum stock may be 9i,oao, and as soon as that is subscribed the Association may be organised 
Twenty-five members to m a quorum. 

C<^. 61— Provides that two Commissioners may be appointed by the L. G. in C. to act with two 
appcrinted in Nova Scotia as a board to regiilate the drainage of the unclaimed bogs, marshes, 
swamps and lakes a4jactat to the river Missiguaah on both udes of the boundary between the two 



1€0 



LegisiatioH of 1867-8 — Nova StoHa, 



H "I 



'\. f 



ProvJncet. A mnlurily of such board to form a ouorunit nnd lo havt all powan conftmd undar cap. 
67 of the RevUsd Statulet, (Sea Nova Scoiin Statuiet, cap. 1 1, ) 

C/i/. 63— Render* perpetual the Act of the arth Vic, relating to the City Court ef St. John. 

Cn». 63— Incorporateetlnt College of St. Joseph, in Wettmoreland, the firet Board of Govemora 
ceniitting of the R. C. Bi»hop, five R, C. miMionaries, and two laymen, to hold property of the 
annual value of $1,000. Whenerer it shall have a faculty consisting of a president and two or mora 
profesaors, nnd 10 or more matriculated students, it may confer the degrees of bachelor, master and 
doctor in the several artf and facid'.ies. 

C«/. 64— Provides that the French inhabitants of the Parish of Shediac shall elect three assessora 
and one collector tor poor rate purposes ; to have entire charge of the French poor in said parish. 
The County Sessions may order a sep.irate assessment upon the French inhabitants of the parish for 
IIm French paupers; and such inh.-ibitants shall be liable for no other or further poor rate. 

Crt/. 6s— Revive* and amends (he Act is Vic, cap. 76, for the incorpor.-ition of the Magagtiadavle 
Railway Co , continuing it in force tMI ist Janaary 1878, and giving power to the Co. to increasa ita 
capital stock to ;£aoo.ooo, in shares of ;£io each. 

Cn^. 66— Aulhorues n boom to bo thrown across the Winder stream, • branch of the Magagua- 
davic River, at some conveaient *pot upon the lands of Thosot Goss. 

CaA 67— Amends the Acts relating to the alms-house and workhouse for the parish a. >nwn of 
Woodstock. The Board of Supervision are to appoint the Commissioners annually onjor b '^ the 
and Tuesday of January, but Commissioner* of preceding year ahall hold office until their si. . .asora 
are appointed. The Bo.ird may pay the Commissioners (or their services, and also nny contingent 
expenses caused by the performance of the duties of such Board, ndding the amounts 10 the .'iftness- 
ment made under aaid Acts. The Board may at any time remove the Commissioners or nny of them, 
the Commissioners being subject to its control and authority in reference to their duties under s.iid 
Act*. They *hall enter into no contract for more than $40, or leaae or agree to leaie any property 
without the concurrence of the Board. It may make rules and regulations for the guida ice of the 
CommiMioners, 

Ca/. 6S— Authorises the electors of the parishes in Carleton, at the time they elect their Council- 
lor*, to decide whether they *hall receive remuneration for their aervice*. If they decide affirmatively 
tha Councillor* may receive a *um not excnsdint; $1.33 per day. 

Co/. 69— Permits J. P. for the County of Charlotte to be appointed fireward* for St. Andrew*. 

Ct%/. 70— Amends An Act authorising the lease of csrtain lands in the Parish of St. Andrews. 
by repealing the provision directing the proceeds to ba applied towards the support of the poor, ana 
permitting their appr9priatinn generally for the benefit or the inhabiianta. 

Ca/. 7 1— Incorporates the Albert Skating Club, of Hillsborough, with power to hold such real 
catate a* it may require. Capital atock f i,o»3, in *hares of 6s< with |M>wer to increaae to 8a,oao. 

Ca/. ja —Amende the Act incorporating the Fredericton Skating Club, permitting them to 
Mganiie, notwithatanding failure to ctU the first meeting a* preacribed in charter. Capital to b« 
(6,000^ in |io aharea. Maw provisioiul director* are named. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 



GOLD AND COAL MINES. 

Ca/. I— Atitend* cap. as Revised Statutes relating to Gold and Coal Mines. It reaervea nghu 
of owners of soil in areas under mining leases from Crown, and provide* for notice to owner*_ to 
arbitrate damage atutained. It is necessary to show reasonable eflbrts to make personal service, 
or knowledge by owner, or evasions of service by him of such notice. When ownership of land 
ia disputed the sum awarded shall be paid to the County Treaaurer. Arbitrators ahall receive $4 
per day. Licenaees to search for gold are relieved from performing labor on areaa. The limitation 
of areaa in future lease* is removed. Any miner building a crusher of 8 stampa on a newly dia- 
covered mine 10 mile* from another crusher shall receive a free leaae exempt from royaltv. The 
time lor returns of lessees is extended to 10 days. Application* for areaa in diaputc will not be 
received till appeal* are determined. TuAnel* may be made in mining property under water from 
the adjacent land, the damage to be aettled by arbitration. Mining leaaes ehall be iuued in du])licat« 
and rc^*tered in Commissioner's Office, and prior leases and transfer* shall be registered within one 
year, with a declaration on oath where there is more than one le**e« of the ownerehip of each pro- 
prietor. A copy of the charter of each company, with a list of officers, i* to be iyled In the 
Commissioner'* Office. A deecription of all documenu affecting the title* to gold or coal mine* *hall 
be recorded in the Commissioner's Office. Government may adopt mtaaurea to attract attention to 
nineral resource* of the Province. 

MARRIAGE LICENSES AND REGISTRATION. 

Ca/, a— Amends the law relating to registration of marriage. &c Provincial Secretary aliaU 
diatribute marriage licenaes inatead of chairman of Board of Statistica. 

RAILROADS. 
Ca/. 3— Amends cap. yoof Rev. Stat|., "Of Railroads." Recites obecnrity of section it, and 
fixe* quantity ot land to be taken for depot and other atation purpo*e*, including track, at five acre*, 
except at terminua or junction, where eight acre* may be taken. 

INSOLVENT DEBTORS. 
Ca/. 4«-Amehd* cap. 137 Rev. Stat of Insolvent Debtors. Fixe* the following fee* :— Each 
Commissioner, for signing order. Si ; final oider, fo cts. Each Justice, for signing order, 30 cts. ; 
fiani order at cts. Penalty for refusal of Commissioner or Justice on tender of tee* to act, iior-to be 
recovered by any peraon a* a private debt. 

SUPREME COURT SITTINGS. 
Ca/. s— Amends cap. 123 Rev. Stat. Sepreme Court shall sit in Htats County last Tueaday of 
May and Tuesday before last Tuesday of September. 
r CV^. 6->Amend* cap. i33.ReV. Sut. by changing sittings in Digby for t868. 



£4gulatkm of 1867-8 — Neva Stotia. 



101 



RECEIPT or RELIEr FROM FISHERIES FUND Nar TO DEPRIVE OF, 

FRANCHISE. 

C«^, 7— Amanda cap. aS Rav. Slat. Paraona having racalvad aid in wlntar and apring of iM 
ondar grant of government for raliaf of auflerara in conaaquanca of Ikilura of flaheriaa ara sot 
diaqiuliBad from voting at any election for General AMembly. 

LICENSES FOR SALE OF LIQUORS. 

C*p, 8— Amanda cap. 19 Rev. Slat., aec. 37- In any county or townahip whert lieonaea (br aata 
of liquora are not grant sd, Seaaiona ahall appoint a member in good standing of a tcroperanca 
organiiation in townahip aa agent for aale or liquors for medicinal, mechanical, manufacturing and 
other purpoaea not inconsistent with law. Agent shall keep a <<;? of purchasera, quantiiy and 
deacription of liquor and purposes for which it is intended to be i.;vitiod, of which he snail make 11 
return under oath to Sessions, who shall prescribo his compensation, the regulation for procuring and 
atlllng liquora, and the penalty for violatiAn uf duly. He shall have no interesi in or prodta flrom taim 
d'aucn liquors. 

EDUCATION-HALIFAX. 

Cap. 9— Amends " The Act for the belter Encouragement of Education. " Board of School Com* 
miaaionera for the city of Halifjut shall be appointed— seven by the L. 0. in C. and six by the 
City Council. They «hall b« n body corporate. Their powers and duties are the same as those of 
trustees under the Act hereby amended. Their power of assessing the city ia limited to 136,000 per 
year, except by consent obtained from the L. G. in C. for greater aum. The approval of tho 
L. O. in C. ia neceaaary to any contract for purchase of land or erection of building. 

WEIGHERS OF HAY. 

Ct^, 10— Amends cap. 83 Rev. Stat. " Of the regulation and inspection of provisions, lumbet 
fliel, and other merchandise."^ Sewiona, on recommendation of grand Jury, may regulate rale of conn 
panaation to weighers of hay. 

> MISSEQUASH MARSH LANDS. 

C»p. II— Amends cap. ts of Rev. Stat. Empowers the L. G. in C. on written requisition of 
marsh proprietors on the Nov.i Scotia side of the Misscquash river, the boundary between N. S. 
and N. B. . to appoint two or more commissioiicrs when two or moro are appointed under an Act of 
N. B. for same purpose, to form board called *' The Missequash Commissioners of Sewers." They 
shall be sworn as in the cap. amended. A majority shall form a quorum, and shall have like powers to 
Commissioners under the Act amended, and rates and assessments made by them may be collected 
pursuant to provisions of said Act. 

STRAY HORSES, CATTLE, ftc. 

Cap. 13— Empowers general or special sessions to make by-laws, except for city of Hal'i- <— to 
prevent the running at large of horses, asses, mules, cattle, sheep or swine ; to fix penally and con- 
fiscate and sell animals if necessary. Regulations may apply to particular sections. 

, SURVEYOR OF HIGHWAYS-VICTORIA. 

Cap. 13— Amends cap. 47, Rev. Slat. Sessions of Victoria County may appoint surveyor of high- 
define his duties, salary, and the mode of payment. 

ASSESSMENTS-HALIFAX. 

Cap. 14— Amends cap. 45, Rev. Stat., so far 'as relates to Halifiu County. Plroperty in one 
district of Halifax County owned by residents of another district is assessable where situate An error 
fai the name of such owner may be corrected on the assessment roll. Warrant of distraint may be 
levied anywhere in county. Property transferred or taken under execution is first liable for assess* 
ment. Sheriff shall pay assessment out of proceeds. 

SUPPLY. 

Ca*. IS— Is the Apnrppriation Act. The following sums are granted to defray the expenses of the 
Civil Government. Civil list, $13,700; criminal prosecutions, |li,oao; coroner's inquests, $500 ; 
education, #165,000 ; Legislative expenses, #34.000 ; miscellaneous expenses. #16,310 ; institution for 



w«ya,i 




paupers, #3.400 : steamboats, packets and femes, |8,86o ; proviocisU exhibition, #3,000 ; new pro- 
vincul buuding, 141,000; agriculture, t6,ooo. These sumt— in all, #541,380^ ate payable by the 
TiMMinr on the warrant of the Governor in Council. 

PRIVATE AND LOCAL ACTS. 

Cap. 16— Anthorises the firewarda of the town of Pictou to borrow $3,000 on the rateable property 
of the town, for constructing reservoirs for collecting water for fire and household purposes. The 
amount to be repaid in six years, with interest not over 7 per cent., by annual assessment* for 8500 
and interest. The loan shall be by tender for sums not leas than f aoo, and the lenders shall receive a 
oertificate, which shall be transferable by indorsement. 

Cap. 17 — Enables the Presbyterian congregation of St. James, in Dartmouth, to sell at public or 
private sale their real estate. The proceeds shall be applied in purchasing a site and erecting a place 
of worship. The Act does not effect existing liens. 

Cap, 18— Amends the Act for appointment of Stipendiarjr Magistrate and Police Constable b 
the town of Pictou. There shall be three justices, and a jury, if required by prisoner, to try hurceny. 
Dog tax shall not «xceed 50c. ... 

Cnp, 19— Legalizes proceedings of sessions in Digby Co., though grand Jurors tm Norember 

1, 1867, andjune term, 1868, were not properly drawn. 

Cap, 30— Changes the name of " Back Settlcfment Tracadie," in Antigonishe Co., to *' Meriand." 

Cap, 31— Empowers Police Court in Halifax to send juvenile offenders to '* Industrial School," 
where they obtain education and a trade. Boys escaping must serve additional term. IncorrigiUo 
boys go to prison. 

Cap, 33— Lefpd&es the Revisort' luU of electors finr Yarmouth and Invemesa Co*., notwith- 
sunding irregularity. 

Cap, 33— Legahxet the assessment roHa for Yarmouth and Victoria Cos., notwithstaadins 
irregularity. , . ... 

Cap, 34— Aathomea the assessment of the proprietors of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway 
Co. for dyke rates, under caps. 73 and 74 Rev. Stats, and Acts in amendment thereof. * 



1C2 



Legislation of 1867-8 — Nova Scotia. 



'i*"l*.. 



%^. 



■ .v 



'<h: 




Cop. as— Amends law relating to Poor'a Asylum and Hoanital in Halifiix. City Qovtici^ shaU 
laise jy debentHres ^30,000 in all, and assens city tor one-third annual maintainance of nocpitaL 
Cbmmisstoners shall render accouAt. They may open accout.t with bank. 

Cnp. 36— Amends an Act to regulate the Poor's Asylum and Hospital in Halifiuc Authoriaea 
sale of certain lots. 

Cap, 37 — Changes sittings of sessions in Hants for 1868. 

Cup. aS— Enables inhabitants of the toM-n of Sydney to procure a fire-engine by assessment for a 
sum not exceeding f 13.00. 

Cap. 39— Extends to Sydney niines in Cape Breton the jurisdiction of Commissioners of Street*. 

Cap. .^o— Authorizes members of Pictou County to borrow la,ooo for a new read. 

Cap. 31 — Amends Acts relating to D.-irtmouth Commpn. Autliorizes sale of portion of common.' 
The proceeds shall be invested and interest expended in improvement of common. Commissioners w 
Streets for Dartmotitli shad have control of common streets. ' ' 

Cap. 33— Authorizes .ippointmcnt of Commissioners for re-a|^praisement of land taken fori 
Windsor and Annapolis Railway in Kings Co. The award of Commissioners to be final, and to bb| 
enforced under provisions of cip. — Kev. Stat 

Cap, 33— Makes like provision as in cap 33 for Annapolis Co. 

Cap. 34— ^Amends Act incorponiting the W. and A. Ry. Co. by authorizing arbitration (jf 
damages for easements destroyed in Kings Co. ! 

Cap, 35— Incorpoiates "Hants County Temperance League." ' | 

G>/. 36— Incorporaiea " Albion Lodge of British Templars," Horton. 

Cap. 37— Amends Act to incorporate the Union Marine Insurance Co. 

Cap. 38— Empowers R. C. Episcopal corporation of Hali&x to sell lands bequeathed by late, 
Archbishop Walsh. 

Cap. 39— Incorporates the Kit:gs Co. Medical Society. 

Cap. 40— Incorporates the Trustees of the Presbyterian Congregation at St. Peters. 

( ap. 41— Amends the Act to incorporate the Trustees of Zion Church in Halifax. 

Cap. 43— Incor)orates the Trustees of Trinity Church in Halifax. 

Cap, 43— Incorporates Union Temple of Good Templars. Williamsdale. 

Cap. 44— Incorporates the Sidrey Mines Industrial and Provident Society. 

Cap. 45— Incorporates "The Society of St. Vincent of Paul" of Halifio, (chariUble). 

Cap. 46— Incorporates the Halifax Sabbath School Association. 

Cap. 47— Incorporates the Board of Managers of the French Mission of the Western Baptist 
Association of Nova Scotia. 

Cap, 48— Incorporates St. Andrews Lodge of Free Masons, Sydney, Ca|>e Breton. 

Cap. 49 -Incorporates the Crown Coal Brick and Pottery Co. for coal mining and manuikcturing 
bricks and pottery in Pictou County. Capital, f 50,000, with power to increase tu $100,000,— limiteo. 

Cap, 50— Incorporates the Intercolonial Iron and Steel Co. (limited), an association organhM 
under articles framed under " Tlie Companies Act, 1863." (Imperial.) 

Cap. 51— Incorporates the Star Manufacturing Co. Oimited), for manufacturing Forbes' patent 
skates and other hardware. Capital, S6o,ooo, with power to increase to {130,000. 

Cat, 53— Enables the North Sydney Marine Railway Co. to borrow money, by issuing bonds 
Mcured by mortgage. 

^ Cai. 53— Incorporates the Glasgow and Cape Breton Railway Co., for constructing a railway in 
Cape Breton. Capital, $500,000, with power to increase. 

Cap. 54— Amends Act to incorporate the Provbcial Gold Mining Co. Proceedings of first 
meeting are legalized. 

Cap. 55— Amends Act to incorporate the Dominion Gold Mining Co. Proceedings of first 
meeting are legalized. • 

Cap. 56 — Amends Act to incorporate the Blue Lead Gold Mining Co., in reference to holding 
meetings. 

Cap. 57 — Amemds Act to incorporate the Mira Harbor Bay Co"., by extending time ibr'commei^e- 
ment of work. 

Cap. 58— Enables the Block House Mining Co. to borrow money by issning bonds, secured by 
mortgage. 

Cap 59.— Enables the Pictou Mining Co. to borrow money by issuing^nds, secured by mortage.' 

Cap. 60— Incorporates the Casco Bay Copper Mining Co. Capital, $100,000, with power to 
hicrease. 

Cap. 61 — Incorporates the Low Point Coal Mining Co. Capital, 1300,000, with power to increase. 

Lap. 63 — Incorporates the Victoria Coal Mining Co. Capital. ^400,000, with power to increase. 

Cap, 63 — Incorporates the Gardiner Coal Mining Co. Capital, $100,000, with power to increase. 

Cap. 64. — Incorporates the Montreal and New Glasgow Coal Mining Co. Capital, $300,000, 
with power to increase. 

Cap. 65— Incorporates " The Scotia Coal Co." Capital. Isoo^ooc^ with power to increase. 

Cap, 66— Incorporates " The North American Mining Co." with f 100,006 capital, with power to 
increase to $300,000, to go into operation when 35 per cent, of the capital is paid in. Incorporated 
" for the purpose of searching for, mining, quarrying, dicing, crushing, washing, and otnerwise 
mining gold or gold bearing quartz, and other metals and minerals," with power to acquire lands and 
erect machinery for carrying on the business of obtaining, crushing, smehing, reducing and refining 

Sold. No stockholder shall be personally liable for more than the amount of stock neld by him, 
educting what has been paid thereon. The Directors'may receive lands, mines, and other property 
in payment for stock. All transfers o.' sh.ares shall be entered in the Company's books. A list 6f 
stocknolders, with the number of shares held by each, shall be filed in the oflSce of Registrar of 
Deeds in the county where the principal works are. The name of an agent of the Co. on whom may 
be served any process, notice, &c., shall be filed with the Registrar of Deeds at Halifax. The books 
and accounts of the Co. shall be open to the inspection of a person appointed by the G. in C. 
Effective works must be commenced within two years. 

INoU.—Tht remaining chapters, all incorporating "gold companies," cdhuin the provisions, 
(except .IS to amount of capital and number of shares,) of cap. 66, and give power in all cases to 
increase the capital.] 

Cap. 67— IncQrporates "The Montreal Gold Mining Association." Capital, |io<f,ooa 
Cap. 68— Inieoiiwrates "Th^ North St. Lawrence and Mount Uniacke Gold Co." Capital, 
|ioo,ooo. 



€■] 



k.< 



Capital,' 



ZegisloHoH of 1867-8 — Nova Scotia. 



103 



;,ij: 



k«< 



Ot/. 69— Incorporates " The Stanley Gold Co." CapiMl, |ioo,ooo. 

Ca/. 70— Incorporates " The Chicago Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, |ioo,ooo. 

Ct^. 71— Incorporates " The West Lake Co. " Capital, |ioo,aoa 

Cap. 7a— Incorporates "The Orient Gold Miaing Co." Capital, |ioo,aoa 

Cap. 73— Incorporates " The Prince of Wales Gold Mining Co." Capital, $100,000, 

Cap. 74— Incorporates "The Imperial Gold Co." Capital, |ioo,ooo 

Cap. 75— Incorporates "The Uniacke Union Gold Mining Co." Capital. #100,0 




Cap. 79— Incoiporates "The Delta Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia. Capital, $100,000. 
Cap, 8»— Incorporates " The Alpha Gold Mining Co. of Mount Uniacke, Nova Scotia.** 
Capital, $ioo,aoa 

Cap. 81— Incorporates '' lite Crescent Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, (loo^ooo. 
Cap. 83— Incorporates " The Royal Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, $100,000. 
Cap. 83— Incorporates " The Canada Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, tioo,aaa 
Cap. 84— Incorporates " The Ontario Gold Minrog Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, %ioo 00a 
Cap, 85— Incorporates " The Eureka Gold Mining; Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, $100,000. 
Cap. 86— Incorporates " The Meridian Gold Mining Co. of Nova Scotia." Capital, #100,000^ 
Cap. 87^Incorporates " The Kingston and Sherbrooke Gold Mining Co." Capital, f 100,00a. 
Cap. 88— Incorporates "The Wentworth Gold Mining Co. of Novu Scotia." Capital, ^loo^ooob 
Cap. 89^Incorporates "The Colonial Gold Mininj; Co." Capital, $100,000. 
Cap. 90— Incorporates " The Peterboro' Gold Mining Co." Capital, $100,000. 
Cap. 9t— Incorporates " The Caernarvon Gold Minbg Co." Capital stock, $ioo,ooa 
Cap. 92— Incorporates " The Woodbine Gold Mining Co." Capital, $100,000. 




Cap 96-rincorporates " The Mayflower Gold Mining Co." Capital, $30,000. 
Cap. 97— Incorporates " The Mulgrave Gold Mining Co." Capital. $ioo,o9a 
Cap. 98— Incorporates " The Maantosh Gold Mining Co." Capital, $100,000. 
Cap. 99— Incorporates " The Atlantic Gold Mining Co." Capital, $100,000. 
Coyi 100— Incorporates "The Sudacona Gold Mining Co." Capital, fiooiooa 




104 



Parliament of Canada. 



fir-' 
p ■ 



U ■■■'•$■ 










= -.,1 






"ifi 






MEMBERS OF THE GOVERNMENTS AND 
LEGISLATURES. 



The following aretbeHembenof tho GoTernments and LeglilaturM of the Dominion imd of the 
M^-eral Province! r— 

Tdi Pabliahent or thx Dohinion or Canada. 
Gfov«mor Oeiural, 
Tae Bight Honorable Sir John Tocko, Bart., P.O., K.C.B., O.O.H.O., Governor General of Canada. 
In tho absence of the Governor Gsneral. tho Govomment la admlnlitered by Llent.-G«neral 
Sir CuAausa Asoe Wixdham , K.C.B. 






The Quem't Privy 

The lion. Sir John Alexander Hacdona^d, 
K. C. B., SIlnlBtcr of .TustlCA and Attorney- 
General. 

Tbo lion. Sir Ge<.. Et. Cabtieb. Bart,, Minister 
of Uilltla and Oefeuce. 

Tho lion. Sami'el Leonabd Tiubt, 0. B., Min- 
ister of Customs. 

The lion. John Eose, Minister of Finance. 

Tho lion. M'lLLiAU McDouaAU» C. B., Minister 
of Public Works. 

Tho lion. 
Minister of Inland Bevenue. 

The Hon. Secretarv of 

State for the Provinces. 



OouHcit /or CtaMada. 

Tho Qon. Preildent 

ofthe Privy Council. 

Tho IIoR. Peteb MiTonxLL. Minister of Marine 
and Fi8ber^»s. 

The Hon. Alexander Campbell, Postiaaator- 
General. 

The Hon. Jean Cuables Chapau. Minister oC 
AgrlcuUur.- and Statistics. 

Tho Hon. Hect b Louis Lanoevin, C. B., Secre- 
tary of State of Canada. 

The Hon. Edwabd Kenny, Becelver-Oeneral. 

(Clerk, W. n. Lee ; Aiat. do., W. A. HImsvorth.) 



Thb Senate. 

Speaker.— The Hon. Jobcfh Caucuon, Quebec. 
Clerk.— John Fenninos Taylob, Senr., Esq. 



IVoeinee tif Ontario. 



Scnaton. 

Hon. John Hamilton 

Roderick Alatheson... 

John Ross 

Samuel Mills 

Benjamin Seymour... 
Walter H. Dickson..... 

James Shaw 

Alexander Campbell.. 

David (bristle 

James Cox AlkliiS..... 
David Beesor., 



Klilah Leonard 

William McMoster 

Asa A. Burnham 

John Simpson 

James Skcad 

David L. Macpherson 

George < rawford 

Donald Macdonald 

Oliver Blake 

B'lla Flint 

Waltnr McCrea 

(}eo. William Allan 

Jas. B. Bens. :i 



r<Mt Office Addieas. 

Kingston 

Perth 

Toronto 

Hamilton 

Port Hope 

Niagara 

Smith's Falla 

Kingston 

Paris 

RIchvlew 

Harkham 

London 

Toronto 

Oobourg 

Bowman vllle 

Ottawa 

Toronto 

nrockvllle 

Toronto 

Waterftord 

B3llevlile 

Oha'ham 

Toronto 

St. Catharinea 



JVovJnee ^ 
8ea«ton. 

Hon. James Leslie 

" Asa Belknap' Foster, 

" J. C. Ubapata. 

" Louis A. Olivier 

" Jacques U. Bureau.... 

" Charles Malhlot 

" Lonis Renand 

" L. Letelller de St. J ust 

" Ulrlc Joseph Tessler... 

" John Hamilton... 

" Charles C'ormlerM 

" Ant. J. Duchesnay 

" David Edward Price.. 

" E. H. J. Uucbeana:.-... 

" Leandro Dumouchel... 



Louis Lacoste 

Joseph F. Armand 

rharles Wilson 

William H. CbaRbrs... 
.Tean B.Ouevremont.. 
James Ferrier 

J 'homes Ryan 
ohn S. Sanborn 



Quebee. 

Port Oflhw AddfiM. 
Montreal 
Waterloo 
Kamouraato 
Berthler 
St. BemI 
Polnto da Lao 
Montreal 
Riviere Uuelle 
Quebec 
Hawkesbnry 
Pleasisville 
St. Catharinea 
Jhlcontimi 
it. Marie, Beance 
St. Theresa de BUin> 

vlllo 
Bouchervllle 
Klvlere dea PrairlM 
Montreal 
St. Cesalre 
Jtorel 
Montreal 
Montreal 
Sherbrooke 



JVovmee q^ Kova Seolia, 



Provinee t^ New Srtmewtei. 



8«n«tan. 

Boa. Kdward Kenny 

•* Jonathan McOully.. 

•• Thus. D. Archibald... 

•* Rob?rt B. Llckey.. 

** John n. Anderson.. 

*• John Holmes 

•• John W. Ritchie 

" John Lock" 

" Caleb V. Bill 

•" John Bourinot 

*■ William Miller. 



Port Offloe Addreif . 

Halimx 

Halifax 

North Sydney, 0. B. 

Amhorat 

Hallfa;£ 

Picon 

nallOix 

Shelbonme 

Klng'rt County 

Svdncy, C. B. 

Hallfuc 



Sonston. 
Hon. Amos B. Botafbrd.. 



John Bobert8on....«... 

Robert L. Hazen 

William H. Udell 

David Work « 

William II. Stcevcs.. 

John Ferguson 

Robnrt D. Wllmot 

Abncr R. McClolan.. 

Poter Mitchell 

John Glasler. 

James Dever. 



Port Offloe AMiesB. 

Westcock, Westmore- 
land 
St. John, K. B. 
St. John, N. B. 
Fredericton 
RIchlimcto 
St. John, N. B. 
Rathurst 

Rplmont, Sunbnry 
Ilopawoll. Albert Oo. 
>fi.wcaBtle,Miramlelil 
Snnhury 
3t. John. N. B. ■ 



i-tm 



Parliament of Canada, 



101^ 



on and of the 



il of Canada. 
jlettt.-0«neral 



PtMldent 
er of Marine 
Fostamtoiy 
. Minuter of 
, 0. B., Secre- 
rmeneraU 



Hlnuirortti.) 



9m AddiMi. 



■aka 



uLao 

1 

Juelto 

Hir7 
lie 
irtnca 
ml 

Beance 
!8o de Blatn> 

irine 
leaPralriM 



00 AMnH. 
:,Weatmore- 

N.B. 

N.B. 

on 

to 

N.B. 

Sunbnrr 
. Albert Oo. 
3,Mlnunlelil 

N.B. 



TUI HODSK or CiOMKOKS. 

Speaker— The Hon. Jambb CocKSVUm. 
Olerk— W. B. Lindbat, Kiq. 
Provine* (/ Ontario. 



Oonitltnen- 
cles. 



Addlngton ..... 

Algema 

Bothwell 

Brant, N. B- 

"8. R.. 
Brockvllln Th 
Brace, N. U. 

" 8. B. 
Canlwcll ........ 

Oarli^ton 

OamjraU.T'wn 

Dnnoas 

Durham. E. R. 

W. B, 

Stain, R. B... 



Euex 

Frontenac 

Glengarry 

Orenvlllo.S.B. 
Grey, N.B... 

" 8.B 

Haldlm«nd 

Halton 

Hamtltou.Cl'y 
Hastings, N.R. 

" ER 
W.B 
Huron, N. R.. 

- 8. R... 

Kent 

Kingston. City 

Iismbton 

Lanark, N. K... 

'• 8. R... 

Leeds A Gren' 

vUlc, N. B... 

Leeds. 8. B 

Lennox 

Lincoln 

London. Olty... 
UlddlC8*z,N.B 



Meni'ui 



James N. Lapuni.... 

W. M.81mpsoii 

David Mllla 

J. T. Bown. M. li. ... 

Hon. E. B.Wood 

Jos. Crawford 

Alex. Sproat 

Francis Hurdon 

T. B. Ferguson 

J. Holmes 

Uon.J.8.Macdonald 

J. 8. Boss 

f. H. Burton 

Bd. Blake 

T.W. Dobble 

J. U. Kunro? 

J. o'oonnor 

T. Kii-kpatrick 

D. A. Macdonald... 

Walter 8hanly , 

Geo. Snider , 

Gao. Jackson , 

I>. Thompson 

John White 

Obarle.H Ma<< 11 

UcKenzIo Bowell ... 
Hon. Bobt. Ueid... 

James Brown 

Joseph WhttclicaJ... 

M. O. Cameron 

UufUs Stephenson .. 
Uon.SirJohnA.Mac 

douald, K.U.B 

Mcx. Mjckcnzic 

Hon. W. McDougall 
Alex. Morris < 



Francis Jones 

John Crawfor.l 

R. J. Cirtwrlght 

T. R. Merritt , 

Hon. John Cirllng.. 
Th08. Scatcherd .... 



Post Office 
Address. 



Napanee. 

S'ltSte. Marie 

Bothwell. 

Brantrord. 
«. 

Brockvllle. 

Southampton 

Kincardine 

Cjokstown. 

Ball's Com*n. 

<.!ornwall. 

Iroquois. 

Port Uope. 

Toronto. 

StratfordTllIe 

WurdsvlUe. 

Wmisor. 

Kingston. 

Alexandria. 

Montreal. 

Owen Sound 

Bantlnck. 

Indiana. 

Hilton. 

Hamilton. 

Belleville. 



Argentenll ...... 

Bagot .....»M.... 

Beauce ........... 

Bsauhamols ... 

BeUechasse 

Bertbler 

Bonaventnre... 
Hromo ......M...I 

Chambly 

Champialn..... 



Hon. J. J. 0. Abbott 

P. f*. Oendron 

0. H.' Po»er 

M. Oayley...„ 

N. Casanlt 

A. H. Pannet. 

T. BobltaUle 

Hon. 0. Dunkln... 

B. Benolt 

Hon. J. J. JtOBS.., 



Oharlevolx... 
Obateangnay... 
Chlcoutlml ft 

Saguenay . 
Comnton...... 

Dorcneator... 

Dmmmond ft 
Arthabaska. 

Oaspo 

Hochelaga m... 
Huntingdon .. 
IborvlUo ........ 

Jae. Cartler.. 

Jollotte. 

Kamouraska.. 
Lapralrlc........ 

L'Assomptlon, 

Laval.............. 



■•••••••••••••I 



Levls.i.. 

L'Islet. 

Lotblnlere ..., 
Masklnonge , 

Mesantlc 

MIsslsqnol .... 
Montcalm .... 
Montmagny . 



S. X. Olmon 

Hon. L. H. Holton... 

P. A. Tremblay 

J. H. Hope. , 

Hon. H. L. LangC' 
Ttn,0. B 



L. A. Senecal ......... 

P. Fortln 

Hon. A. A. Dorlon.. 

" John Rose 

Frsncols Bechard... 

O. O. Gaucher 

F. U. Oodln. 

Vacant 

A. Plnsonneault 

Hon. L. Archam. 

bautt 

J. H. Bellerosa 



Hon. J. O. Blanchet 

B.Poullot 

II. a. Joly. 

G. Caron 

ton. Geo. Irvine.. 

B. Oiiamborlln 

Jos. Dnnrcsne 

Hon. J. 0. Beau- 
blon M. 



Clinton. 

Goderlch. 

Chatham. 

Ottawa. 
Sarnla. 
Ottawa. 
Perth. 

KemptvIUe. 

Toronto. 

Kingston. 

St. Catherines 

London. 
-I 

Province 

Montreal. 
St. Bosalle. 
Quebec. 
Heanharnois. 
Quebec. 
St. Cuthbert. 
New Carl'Me. 
Knowlton 
St. Hubert. 

t. Ann de la 

Perado. 
Malbale. 
Montreal. 

Ohicontlml. 
Oookahlre. 

Quebec. 

PlerrevtUo. 

Quebec. 

Montreal. 

• 
IberrlUe. 
St. Genevieve 
Jollette. 

Lapralrle. 

T/Assomptlon 
St. Vincent do 

Paul. 
Lavls. 
L'Islet. 
Quebec. 
St. Leon. 
Quebec. 
Dunham. 
St. Julienne. 

Montmagny. 



Constltucn- 
c.es. 



Mlddles'x.E R 
" W.R 

Uonck 

Niagara. 'I'own 

Norfolk. N. R. 
8.R. 

Northumber- 
land, E. R... 
" W. It. 

Ontario, N. U. 
8 R 

ilttawa. City.., 

Oxford, N. It... 
" 8. K... 

Peel 

Perth, N. K..., 

Potorboro'.B ii 
" W.R 

Pres-ott 

Pr. Eiward ... 
Renfrew. N. R 

8 U. 

Russell 

Simcoe, N. R... 
" 8 R.... 

Stormont 

Toronto, K 

W 

Victoria, N. R. 

8. R. 
Waterloo. NR 

8 R. 
Welland 



Wel'gton, N.lt. 
''^ 8. R. 
C. R 
Wentw'h, N.U 
8.R. 

York. E. R 

' N. H 

W. B...... 



Members. 



Crowell Wilson .. 
A. P. Macdonaia.. 

L. McCallnu 

\aima M'jrr.son .. 

A. Walsh 

P. Liwson 



Joseph Keelcr 

lion J. Cockbum ... 

J. II. Thompson 

I'hos. N. Gibbs. 

Jos. M. Currier. 

T.Oliver 

E. V. Boiwell 

Hon.J. H. Camaion 

J. Xedford 

B. Mac'arluio 

P. 81. Grovcr 

Oha.9. Perry 

A'bi'it Ilazar 

Walter Bosj 

John Rankin 

D McLachlln 

J. A. Gait, M D 

r. D. McCoukoy 

W. C. LIttI 

:iamuel Ault 

James Biaty 

R. A Harrison 

John Morlson 

Q. Kempt 

I. K. Bowman 

J. Young. 

T. C. Street 

G. A. Drew 

D. 8ttrton 

Vacant. 

J. McVonies 

Joseph Hyuml .„ 

Jamcit Mctcalf 

James P. Wells ....... 

Amos Wrliht 



post OfflC3 

Addretu. 



<lf QH«&«e. 

Montmorency. 

Montreal Otrc 

East 

" West 
Naplervllle... 

Nlcolet 

Ottawa Co... 
Pontlac 



•T. lanslolsi „ 

Thos. Workman 

Uon. Sir G'orgo E, 

Cartler, Bart 

M. P. Byan 

SIxte Coupal 

Jos. Gaudet 

A. Wright 

Ed. Heath 



Portneuf 

Quebec Centre 

East 

West 

" County 

BIrhmond A 

Wolfe 

Klchcllea 

Blmottskl 

Bouvllle 

St. Hyaclnthe. 

St. Johns 

St. Maurice... 



J. Bronssean 

1. n Slmard 

P. G. Hunt 

Hon. T. NcGreevy... 
•• P. J. 0. Chan- 
vcau 



London. 

Ulencoa 

itroroness. 

I'oronto. 

3lmco". 

I'ort Dover 

Coibome. 
Oobourg. 
Janntngtoo. 
Jsliawa. 
)ttaw». 
Woodstock. 
Ingcra .U. 
Toronto 
itratford. 

Norwood. 

Peterboro'. 

Plantajcnei. 

P.cton. 

Uobden. 

Vrnprlor, 

,)ttawa. 

B-^rrle. 

AIM'ndato. 

^ultsvhlo. 

Toronto. 

Woolvlllo. 

L'n'lsay. 

St. Jacob's. 

Salt. 

J.ilppowa. 

»lora. 

Gruclph. 

Waterdown. 
Uarton. 
Toronto. 
King. 



Inebec. 
lontieal. 



LacoIIe. 
G2ntllly._ 
Ironside, Hull 
Portogo dtt 

Fort. 
Quebec 



W. H. Webb 

Thos. Moi'artby 

G30. Sylvaln 

G Cbcval 

Hon. A. £. Klcrz- 

kow.skl 

F. Bourassa 



SheSbrd 



%erbrooke 

Soulanges >.... 



Atanstead 

Temlssouata .. 
Tcrrsbonn3 .. 
Three Blvers.. 



Two Moun- 
tain! 

Vaudroull ... 

Vcrcharos ... 
' Yamaska...... 



iDr. Lacerte ......... 

Uon. L. 8. liuntlng- 

ton 

Hon. A. T. Gait 

L. H. Masson 



"hia. Colby 

Rhas. . A. Bertrand 
': V B. Masson ... 



[Alex. McDougall... 



T. B. Daouttk... 

D. McMillan 

F. GoofTrlon..... 
Molsa Fortler.. 



Helbonme. 

Sorel. 

BIc. 

St. HUalre. 

St. Charles. 
Lacndlc. 

YamachtoiHt. 

Waterloo. 
Sberbrooke. 
Coteau Land- 
ing. 
Stanvtead. 
Isle Verte. 
Terrebonne. 

Three Blvers. 

St Eustacbe. 
RIgaud. 
Verehercs. 
St David. 



h 



'iW 




itaf. 










u ^, 



n. 






K ' 



Local Legislatures — Ontario, 



HouBi or OoMMOks.— (ObNMmMd.) 
iVoviNM ({^ Stw Bnmiuiei. 



OonsUtuen- 
cies. 



Albert 

K'arleton 

lOharlottc 

Cloucestir.... 

Kent 

Ktnus 

Northumber- 
land 



Vemben. 



John Wallace... 
Hon. C. Oonnell 
John Bolton ... 
Hon. T. AngUn 

A. Bcnaud 

Oeo, Byan 

Vacant. 



Post OfBce 
Addreis. 



Htllsboro'. 
Woodstock. 
yt. Stephen. 
3t. John. 
Buctonche. 
Studhani. 
King's Co. 



Constituen- 
cies. 



Quec s 

Restlgouche ... 

St. John, Cou'y 

" City... 

Snnbnry 

Vktoria 

Westmoreland 
York 



Hemben. 



J. Ferris 

Wra.BI. Caldwell 
Hon. J. H. Gray . 
' S. L. Tllley. 

Ohas. Burpee 

J. Cosilgan 

Hon. A. J Smith 
" J. Plckard. 



Post OfBce 
Address. 



Cambridge. 

St. John. 

Sheffield. 
Grand Falls. 
Dorchester. 
Fredericton. 



Annapolis 

Antlgonlsh 

Capo Breton ... 

Colchester 

CumberlAnd . 




iVoWnos <if 
Olementsport 
Antlgonlsh. 
Sydney. 
Londonderry. 

Halifax. 
Dlgby. 
Quyaboro'. 
Halifax. 


Kova Scotia. 
Hants 


Hon. Jos. Howe 

H. Cameron 


Hallftix 


Hugh McDonald 

Hon. J. McKcagney 

A. W. McL-lan" 

lion. C. Tupper, 


Inverness 

Kings 


Mabou. 


W. H Chlpman 

E.M.McDnnalJ 

J. W. Cnrmtchael ... 

James F. Forbes 

W. J. Croke 

Thos Coffin 


Oomwallls 


Lnncnbnrg 

Plctou 


Halifax, 
New OlsKow 
Iilvcrpool. • 
Halifax. ' 




Queens 


Digbv 


A. W. Savory 


Richmond 

Sbclburno 

Victoria 


Guysboro' 


Hon. S. Campbell ... 
A. Jones 


!4helburne. 




Wm. Boss 


St. Anna's. 




P. PowtT 


Yarmouth 


Thos.Klllam 


Yarmouth. 



LOCAL LEGISLATURES. 



Pbotinck or Ontario. 



Lieutenant Governor. 
His Honor Wiluak Peabce Howland, C.B., Toronto. 

Ikeeutive Couneil. 



Hon. John S. Macdonald. Attorney-General. 
Hon. Matthew Crooks Cameron. Secretary and 

B^lstrar. 
Hon. John Oarllng, Minister of Agriculture. 



Hon. Stephen Blchards, Commissioner of Crown 

Lands. 
Hon. £. B. Wood, Treasurer. 

(J. Shuter Smith. Clerk,) 



The Bouse of Aeeemblv. 
Speaker— Hon. J. Stetbnson. ChaeUS T. Giluiob, Clerk. 



Constituen- 
cies. 



Addlngton ... 

AUroma 

Sothwell , 

Brant, N. B.... 

8.R.... 

iBrockvllle, t'n 

Bruce, N. B... 

" 8.B.... 

Cardwell 

Carlton 

Cornwall, T'n. 

Dundos ..•;..•.. 

Durham, E. B. 

" W.B 

^?"«^:S:::::: 

E'sex 

Frontenoc 

Glengarry 

Orenvllle^. B, 

^^V^' ^-^ 

'• 8. E 

Haldlmaud 

Halton 

Hamilton. CHy 

Hastings, N.B 
" B.R 
" W.B. 

Huron, N. R... 
" 8. B... 

Kent 

Kingston, City 

Lamhtou 

Lanark, N. P. .. 
"8 I... 

L'sft0r.,».B. 

Leeds, S.B 

Lennox 

Lincoln 

London, City... 

Middlesex. fi.B 



Members. 



I. J. Hooper.. 

F. W. Cumberland... 

A. ' cKellar 

H. Flnlayson .. 
Hon. E. B. Wood... 

W. Fltzslmmons 

Donald Sinclair 

Kdward Blake 

T. Swlnarton 

R. Lyon 

Hon. J. 8. Macdon 

aid. 

Simon Cook 

A.T.H. Williams... 

J McLeod 

D. Lutton 

Nlcol McOoll ... 

1. WlBle 

. Calvin .... 

Jas. Oralg 

M.Clark 

T. Scott 

\ W. Lauder ... 

J. Baxter 

W. Barber 

J. M Williams .. 

G. H. Boulter ... 

H. Corby 

Ketch. Graham 

R. Gibbons 

W. T. Hays 

John Smith 

H.W. Strange.. 

J.B.Pardee 

D. Oalbratth 

W.M.Shaw 

H. D. Smith 

B.Tett 

J. Stevenson 

JO. Rykert 

Hon. Jno. Carling... 
Jas.BTana........ 



Post Office 
Address. 



Newburg. 

Toronto. 

Chatham. 

Paris. 

BrantfDrd. 

Brockvllle. 

Saugeen. 

Toronto. 

Coventry 

Ottawa. 

Cornwall. 

Morrisburg. 

Port Hope. 

Bowmanvllle 

New Sarum. 

lona. 

Amherstburg 

Oomwall. 

Prescott. 

wen Sound. 

Toronto. 

Cayuga. 

StreetsvlUe. 

Hamilton. 

Sterling. 

Belleville. 
•• 

Goderich. 

Chatham. 

Kingston. 

Sariua. 

\lmonte. 

Perth. 

WerrickTllle. 

Newboro'. 

Napanee. 

St. Catharines 

London. 



Constituen- 
cies. 



Mlddles'x.N.R 

" ^.B. 

Monck 

Niagara, Town 

Norfolk, N. B. 

8.R 

Northnmber- 

land, E. R... 

" W. B... 

Ontario, N. B. 

S.B. 

Ottawa, City... 

Oxford, N. R... 

" B.B... 

Peel 

Perth, NR 

" 8. B 

Peterborq.E.B 

" W. B. 

Prescott 

Prince rjdwajjl 
Renflrew, N. B. 

" 8. B. 

Russell 

Slmcoe, N. B... 

" 8. B... 

Stonnont. 

Toronto, East. 

'• West. 

Victoria, N. B. 

S.B. 

Waterloo, N.R 

8.R 

WelUnd 

Welllng'n,N.R 

" 8.R 

(I OR 
Wentw'b,N.R: 

•• S.B. 
York, E. B 

• N. B 

• W.B 



J.S.Smith 

N.Currle 

Geo. Secord 

Hon. S. Blchards.., 

Jas. Wilson 

S McCall 



Members. 



John Eyie 

Alex. Eraser 

Thos. Poxton 

Dr. McGlll 

B. W.Scott 

Qeo. Perry 

A.< liver..... ».. 

John Coyne 

A.Montelth 

Jas. Throw 

G. Bead 

G. Carnegie 

J. Boyd 

A. Oreely 

J. Supple 

J. L. McDougall .. 

W. Crate 

W. Lount 

T. B Ferguson 

Wm. Oolquhon .. 
Hon. M. O. Cameron 
J.WallU 

A. P. Oockburn... 

J. Matchett 

Moses Springer .. 

I. Clemens 

W. Beoty 

B. McKlm 

Peter Gow 

A. D. Ferrier 

R. Christie... 

W. Sexton 

H. P. Crosby 

Hon. J. McMurricb.. 
T. Orahame ......... 



Post Office 
Address. 



AUsa Craig. 

Glencoe. 

St. Anne's. 

Toronto. 

Oakland. 

Victoria. 

Brighton. 

Oohonrg. 

Port Perry. 

Oshawa. 

OtUwa. 

Washington. 

IngersoU. 

Brampton. 

Stratford. 

Shakespeare. 

Keene. 

PeterbOTo'. 

Vankleek Hill 

Plcton. 

Pembroke. 

Renfl-ew. 

Bussell. 

Barrle. 

Cookstown. 

D'klnsons Lg. 

Toronto. . 

M 

Orillta. 

Omemee. 

Waterloo. 

Preston. 

Thorold. 

Parker. 

Guelph. 

Fergus. 

Flamboro'W. 

Jerseyvllle. 

UnlonvUle. 

Toronto. 

Woodbridge. 



-rr 



Ron.Edwa 

Hon. J. A. 1 

Hon. John] 

" A.B. 



Post Offlc0 
AddreH. 



Cambridge. 

3t. John. 

«« 

Sheffield. 
Qrand Falls. 
Dorchester. 
Vredericton. 



HalUln. 
.\fahou. 
Oomwallla. 
Ballfox, 
New Olaani 
Liverpool. ' 
Halifax. - 
jhelburne. 
St. Anne's. 
Yarmouth. 



Local Legislatures^ Quebec, New Brunswick. 



lot 



sloner of Grown 
rk.) 



Post OAoe 
Address. 



on 



Allsa Craig. 

Olencoe. 

St. Anne's. 

Toronto. 

Oakland. 

Victoria. 

Brighton. 
Oobonrg. 
Port Perry. 
Oshawa. 

Ottawa. 

Washington. 

iDgersoU. 
.1 Brampton. 

Stratford. 

Shakespilie. 

Keene. 

Peterboro'. 

VanUeek Hill 

Plcton. 

Pembroke. 

Benfl-ew. 

Bussell. 

Banle. 

Cookstown. 

D'klnsons Ig. 

Toronto. . 



Orillla. 

Omemee. 

Waterloo. 

Preston. 

Tborold. 

Parker. 

Ouelph. 

Fergus. ,_ 

Plamboro'W. 

Jerseyvllle. 

UnlonvlUe. 

Toronto. ^ 

Woodbrtdge. 



Pbovikos or Quuia 

His Honor Sir Nabcissi Fobtvnat Buuav, Knight.— Quebec. 
ExeeuHve Couneil. < 



Hon. Plena Joseph Olivier Ohauveau, Secre- 
tanr and Beglsirar, and Minister of Public In- 
struction. 

Hon. Oo )eon Onlmet, Attorney General. 

Hon. Christopher Sunkln, Treasurer. 

Hon. Jof 3ph Octave Beanbten, Commissioner of 
Crown Lands. 



Hon. Louts Arrhambeault, CommlssloDer of Agri- 
culture and i ub ic Wo'ks. ^ 

Hod. J. B. DeBouchervUle, President Leglalatlye 
Council. 

Hon. George Irvine, Solicitor General. 1 



LtffiiUUive Couneil. 
Speaker— The Hon. Ohs. DbBouohebvillb. Fblix Fobtikb, Clerk. 



Divisions. 



Alma..... 

Bedford 

De la Durantaye 

DelaYalUere. 

De Lanaudlere... 

De Lorimler. 

DeSalaberry 

Orandvllle ... 

Qttlf. 

Inkerman 
Kennebec 
La Salle... 
Lausou 



Councillors. 



Hcn, J. L. Beaudry 
" Thos Wood,... 
" J.O.Beaublen 
" J.B.GProux 
" P. E. Dostaler 
" 0. 8. Rodler.. . 

" fl. Starnes. 

" B. Dionne 

" J. LeBoutbll- 

llcr. 

" Geo. Bryson.. 
" I. thlbaudeau 

" L.Panet 

" A. 0. DeLery. 



Post Office 
Address. 



Montreal. 

Dunham F'ts 

M'lntmaguy. 

Nicolet. 

Berthlci. 

Montreal. 

St. Anne de 
fla Poc're. 
Gaspe Basin, 
Ohlchester. 
Quebec. 



Divisions. 



Mille-Isle 

MontarvlUe 

Repentlgny 

BIgaud 

Rougemont 

dAurel 

Stadacona 

Shawlncgan 

The Laurent'es, 

Victoria 

Wellington. 



Councillors. 



Hon. F. H. Lsmalr. 
" Chs. De Bou- 

chcrvllle 

" L. Archam 

banlt ..^ 

" J. E. PruU- 

homme 

" J.Fraser. 

' D A.ArmiitroDg 

" J.-j-fe3: 
" J: fife"!!; 

" a. Hale 



Post OS c^ 
Addresi. 



StBenolt. 

BoucbervUli 

L'Assomt'n. 

Tannery, W. 

St. Marc. : 

Sorel. 

Quebec. 

Uhamplaln. 

Quebec. 

Montreal. 

Sherbrooke. 



LteMative Aumnblj/. 
Speaker— Hon. J. G. Blanohet. O. M. Mum, Clerk. 



Constituen- 
cies. 



Argentenll 

Bsgot 

Beauce 

Beauhamols...< 
Bellechoaae ... 

Berthler 

Bonaventure.. 
Brome 



Chambly.... 
OhampIatD. 



Charlevoix' 

Ohateaugnay. 

Cblcoutlml ft 

Saguenay..... 

Oompton 

Dorchester 

Durm: if Arth. 

Gospe 

Hochelaga 

Huutlngdon .., 

Iberville , 

Jac. Cartler .... 

.Toilette „ 

Kftmonraska . 

Lapralrie 

L'Assomptlon 
LavaL 



Levis 

L'Islet 

Lotbtnlere.. 
Hasklnonge .... 
Megant'c 



Members. 



8. Belllngham 

P. 8. Oendron 

0. H. Pozer 

Oelesthi Bergevln, 

Dr. Pelietler 

Dr. MoU 

0. Hamilton 

Hon. 0. Dunkln.. 

J. B. Jodoln 

Hon. J. Chapals .. 

0. Clement 

Dr. Laberge 

P. A. Tremblay ... 

JaihcB Ross 

Hon. L H.Xangevin 
v. J. Hemming...... 

P. Forrin. 

L. BeaubVeh 

J.Scriver. 

Dr Holleur 

N. Le Cavalier.... 

Dr.Lavallee 

Vacant. 

Therten 

Mat. Matbleu 

J. Bellerbse 

Hon. Dr. Blanchet... 

P. Verrault. 

H. J. Joly 

A. L. Desauln(ers. 
Hon. G. Irvine 



Post Office 
Address. 



Montreal. 
.St. Rosalie. 
St. George. 
St. Timothee 
St. Charles. 
Berthler. 
Now Carlisle. 
Knowlton ft 

Quebec. 
Bouchervtlle 
St. Dnnis (en 

bat). 
Eboulements 
Ste.Fhilom'e 

Colcoutlml. 
Gould. 

'bectOt'wa 

rum'jvllle. 
Lapralrie. 
Montreal. 
Hemmingfd 
Iberville. 
St. Laurent. 
St. Felix de 

Valols. 
St. Isidore. 
Lachenale. 
St. Vincent 

de Paul. 
Levis. 
St. Jean. 
Quebec 
St. Leon. 
Quebec. 



Constituen- 
cies. 

Mtsslsquoi 

Montcalm 

Montmagny.... 
Montmorency. 
Montreal O'tre. 

East. 
" West. 

Naplervllle 

Nicolet 

Ottawa Co 

Pontlao :.,.. 

Portnenf 

Quebec Centra. 

East. 
West. 
Quebec County 
Richmond ft 

Wolfe 

Richelieu, 

Rlmouskl 

Rouvllle 

St. Hyaclnthe.. 

St. Johns. 

St. Maurice 

Sheflbrd 

Sherbrooke 

Soulanges 

Stanstead ..:.... 
Temlscouata... 
Terrebonne .... 
Tnreo Rivers... 
Two Mount's.. 

VaudreuU 

Vercheres 

Tamaska 



Members. 



J. S. Brigham 

F. Dugas. 

L.Blals. 

Hon. J.C'uchon 

Ed^Carter, Q. 

Hoh. G. E. Cartler.. 

A. W. Ogllvle 

P. Benolt 

J.Gaudet 

Dr. Obureh 

J. Poupore 

Dr. Larue 

O H.SImard 

J. P. Rheaume 

John Beam 

Hop. P. J. O. Chan 

veau 

J. Picard 

J. Seaudrean 

isron... 

obert... , 

ichand 

F. Harchand 

L. Desaulnlers. 

— Bessette.^ 

J. G. Robertson 

D. A. Ooutlee 

Thos. Locke 

B. Mallloux 

J. A. Chapleau 

Severe Dumoultn... 

Hon. G. Oulmet 

A. C. D. L. Harwood 

Dr. Craig 

M. Senecal 



Plllpsburg. 
Montcalm. 
St. Thomas. 
Qvebec. 
Montreal. 



Naplervllle. ' 
Oentllly. 
Ayhner. > 
Ohlchester. ' 
St. Angusttn. 
Quebec. 



Post Office 
Address. 



Wotton. 
St. Alme. 
Rlmouskl. 
9t. Angele. 
Rt.Hyacinthe. 
StJd'Ib'vlllo 
Three Rivers. 
N.Sluk«ley. 
.Sherbrooke. > 
Oedres. 
S.Barnston. 
St. Arsene. 
Montreal. 
Three Rivers. 
Montreal. 
VaudreuU. 
St. Antolne. 
Pierre ville. 



Niw BBimBWiCK. 

Lieutenant-Oovemor. 
Htt Honor Lxhvil A. Wiihot— Fredericton. 



Ron. Edward R. Chfmdier, President. 
Hon. J. A. Beokwitta, Provincial Secretary.^ 
Hon. John Mo Adam, Commissioner Public Works. 
" A. R. Wetmore, Attorney OeneraL 



Executivt Council, 

' B. Sutton, Surveyor General. 

' W. p. Flewelllng. (without office.) 



*«<:i 



H'^'. 






108 



Zocai LegislatureS'''Nova SeoHa, 



ITtw J3rNMirfo*-(Oontlnued.) 
LegUlativ* OouncU. 



Names. 



Bon. J. 8. Saunders, Prnsldcnti 

** K. B Uhandler...~.......».... 

" Tboi. K. Jones.....M 

" Geo. MInchIn 

" Cbas. Harrison 

" Jaa. Davl(lw>n.....~ 

" J. H llyan 

" Wm. Hamilton 



Foat Offlco 
Addreis. 



Froderlcton. 
Dorcheater. 
't. John. 
Frederlcton. 
Maugen'llle. 
OakPt., ttlnunlcU 
Studbolm. 
Dalbouaie. 



Nome*. 



Hon, 



p. Ha 



HanluRton , 

I. Todd 

.- ilcL.Ho«ly< 
Jf. J. Uobiiiwin, 

flharlea Parlay 

Mulrtioad 



titttiia****! 



H.YonnsM 
J.te - 



uewla., 



Poat Offlca 
Addraaa. 



fhadiac. 
. HUphMI. 






w 



oddatocH. 
OhathAiii. 
Uarsatiatta. 
llfillaSorough. 



Houu qf Auembly. 



Coanty. 



York. 



S«lnt Jobn.. 



H. Dow 

J.A.BeckwUh... 
A. Thomson ...... 

(Vacant.) 
.lames Quinton ., 
JoMpb Uoram,... 



St. Jobn City.. 



Weatm'reland, 



Charlotte., 



Membera. 



Klnjs .........< 



Geo. K. Ktncr , 

Jas.W.Cmlllp 

Un. A. R. Wetmore, 
Attorney General 

W. H.A.Keans 

B. Botsfbnl 

A. McQueen 

\. Landry 

Joseph L. Hoore.... 

J. McAdam 

IF. Hlbbard 

B. B. Stevenson .... 

Henry Fryo 

'lN, P. KlewclllMtr-. 
JW. .T. FIswellinK.... 



Post OIBce 
Address. 



Frederlcton. 
«( 

Dongloa. 

Lancaster 
CarietOD, St. 

Johns. 
St. Jobn. 



Moncton. 
Bal Verte. 
Dorcheater. 

St. Stephens. 
St. Osorse. 
'^t, Anilrews. 
St. John. 
Ollffon. 
Hampton. 



Kings 

Queens 

Snnbnry "iil',','! 

Oarleton '".'."'", 

Nortbum'itnd 



Oonnty. 



Kent 

«• 

•(••«t*at**a*i 

Gloucester ... 
Bestl^pucbo 
Albert '. 

Victoria;!!!!',!!! 



Uembon. 



O, MoLood 

B. T, Rabitt 

W.S. Butler 

fe^-rpfe::!!!!:: 

0«a Kerr, 

^.tfjceiiy!!!!::!!!!!!! 
Jj/cr'aouuii!!!!!!!!!!!! 

W. A Uale 

0. Uclnuriivy 

J, Mt'AbO'J 

WIlFlani Taylor 

A, DosBrlsay 

W. Nonttromery 

0, A. Prnk 

A. A, Bliss 

B. BevarldKa 

Lavlte TlMrUult 



Poot Office 
Address, 



Htndholm 
"rowetown 

rand Lake. 

atunrviiio. 

llaavllle. 

oodjstock. 

Obttham. 
• lion. 
i«t]um. 

oachlbo'gol 
^jlohlbucto, 
Bathnrst. 
MhtppcRBn. 
DtlBfUsle. 

InpawelT. 
Illlaboro' 
Poblqup. 
LlttloValti. 



5 



N3TA SOOTXA. 

LiuUeuanl- Qoternw, 
His Honor VLa^n Oen. Ouasles UAanNM SOTLI— BkUCtti 

JBr«eH«r« CMneit. 

Hon. R. A. McHeflbjr.'t 



jon. W. Annand, Treasurer. 
" M. J. Wllklns, Attorney General. 
" W. B. Vail. Provincial Secretary. 

B. Boberuon, Commls. ot Mines and Works, 



K.p'.'flynS; }ll«inl»«iwlthoutomoe. 



' JartdO. Troop, j 
Legitihitiv Omntett. 



Names. 



Hon. B. Molllson Cutlw... 

" Stayley Brown 

" It. Byier Almon 

** Alexander Keith 

" Henry OesnerPineo.. 

" J.McNab 

" R. A. McHetrey. 

" J. CretKhton 

" W.C. Whitman 



Post OAco 
Address. 



Ouysborougb. 

Tannouth. 

Haljfax. 

Wallace. 

Haiiftix. 

Windsor. 

Lunenburgh. 

Annapolis. 



Namoi. 



Hon. freeman Tuppa 
IPalUi 



, i'*" •siaaaMatia 

Archibald Patterion 

Samuel Chlpman 

Peter Smyib 

Jobn HoKlnnou »••...,.. 

W. 8. HeniBrnan ., 

P. McN Porker. 

Jas. Froser. «.,.. 

Samuel Oreelman 



Post Office 
Addraas. 



[flvarpool. 
Pat«mr~ 



itae. 



Jornwallfa. 

fort tlood. 

LBtlgonld. 

roysuoro. 

lallAx. 

lewOloaiow. 

tusquodoltooit. 



fibwa of Amtmtly. 



Const! tnen- 
cies. 



Annopolls 

Colchester' 

II 

Cnmberlond"!! 
II 

Cape^Breton... 

Dijtby — ::: 

Ouysborottgh . 
Halifax „.. 



Hants 

Invemesa" 



Names. 



JO. Troop 

0. 0. Landers 

Bobt.Cbamben.. 
r.V. Morrison.... 

r\mos Purdy 

H.G. Uneo 

J. Fcrsuson 

B. J. White 

W.B.Vail , 

— Dourette 

Jno. J. Marshall.. 

I no. A Kirk 

H. Balcam 

.T. Cochran 

Jpr. Northnp 

W. Lawrence 

B. Toung 

Jos. MacdonatiJ.. 

A. Campbell 

H. Balcanu 



Broad Cove. 
Salmon Blver 



Post Office 


Constttuen* 


Address. 


clea. 


Bridgetown^ 


Kinga.......i.i». 


Truro, 
fiondondenr. 


Lanenbiifgh".!! 


Wallace 


PlCtOQ ••taettietai 


Pngwaah. 


•••tteseiist 


Sydney. 






QueenaOo 


T»lsby. 




Clare. 


Btcbmond 


Gnysboro'. 




Glenelg. 


Shelbama 


Haliftuc. 




•• 


Antlfonlab 


Haltland. 


Victor!* 


Falmouth. 


M 



Tarmoath 



NtmMi 



Ickle ., 

I. thrown 

Slgenliaur. 

irlaay...,, 

..and 

IklnsiH........ 



B. L. Br 

jUa. BiMnhi 

N.rai,..;.; 

Ji». Frapmaii 
i^Plynn 
, Ifooper 

K, Robertson ., 
Thos, Jpltnson,, 
p. MoPonald .. 
J, noponald ,., 
John ROM 



Ijften.,....,..., 

-vcrson 

. Townseiidi. 



PoatOfflce 
Add ress. 

Luneuburnli. 

BrldMwater. 

Henaomlilt. 

Ploton. 

NewOlasgow 

Liverpool. 

Ari^jiat. 

B«rr|Dgton. 

Antlfonisb. 

Little Bros 

?d'Or 
■ddMk, 
ormautta. 



Local Legislatures-^Prince Edward Island. 



109 





'i^fdr^?' 


. ihadiM, 
.i(.htophm. 


::i'A!X&. 






PoatOffloo 




Addrcw. 






IIM««tlt 


Htndhobn 


(•lllllll* 


«•■■••*(«• 


Mattnrviiio. 


l««*«*ll( 


Blaavlllp. 




Woodjjtock. 




fihatham, 




Ottaljuffl. 




l«ll*lltl 






Rottchlbo'eol 

Rloltlbucto. 

Batbnnt. 




ltll(|««l 


r, 


Dalnfuale.' 


ry 




Hllfiiboro'' 




Toblauo. 


It LUtloFatli. 


MlirlUlOUtOfflM. 


PMtOfllM 




.LIvtrpool. ^ 


> NowGloaiow. 








PoatOffloe 


aaaaaii 


AddNM. 


^"o"ltt. 




LttnanbttrRb. 
BrIdMwater. 




aiaiatai 


aaaiMi* 


WawO'lanow 




Liverpool. 




Ari^]iat. 






ifdiati 


BanlDgtoii. 




Antlmnlib. 


iaiaa«> 




Miiaati 


Little Bra* 




d*Or 


MfltWI 


Baddatk. 
yati|Mutb. 


i 



Pbit^ob Kowabd Islamd. 

Lteuleitant-Oovemor. 
Bis ExceUuncy Gkoroe DuMOia, Eaq. 

Exeeutk* OouuelL 

I Hon. A. A. McDonald. I Hon. O. W. Howlan. 

" Ii. P. Hoytborne. I " A. Laird. 

" U. J. Oallbeck. | " U. Haves. 

Clerks— Oaoige Oolea and Oharlea BesBrltay. Esqs. Aaalttant— W. DeaBrliaT, Esq. 

L*tMaUtt CuMNcfi. 



Hon. GeoigeOoles, President. 
" Joseph Henley. 



District. 



QucenVOoanty: 
(:bartt.ttotuwn A Boyolty 
l8t District ................. 



2n(l District ., 

Kiiiim County: 

inDIstrlct.... 



Names. 



Hon. Ed. Palmer. 
' D. Honteomery, 
Proiildont. 
J. Bdderstou. 

• P.Walker. 
" Jas.Dlngwell. 



IDIstrlct. 



King's Conunty. OmMa'd: 
2ud District .....> 



Prince Connty: 
m DUtrict ... 

a* 

2nd District!! 



Name*. 



Hon. A. A. HcDona!tl. 
" D. Cordon. 

'• W.W.Lord. 

" James Yeo. 

" A. Anderson. 

" Jos. Uulikead. 



Clerk— John Bad, Esq. Black Rod and Scrtteant-at-Anns—n. Palmer, Esq. 
(Address the whole, Cbarlottetovn, P. E. I.) 

JfoHss <>f Aumibl}/. 
Speaker— Hon. Josipu Wiobtiiaii« 

Cblcf Clerk— Jonii McMeill, Esq. 



DUtrtct. 



Queens County: 

Chartottctown. 

1st Dtstrlot 

2nd •* 

3rd - 

4tb " 
Kln;{^s County: 

Ocorare Town .. 

1st District 

2nd- " 



Names. 



V- Bracken. J. J. JAiklns. 
p. Sinclair, — Cameron. 
H. J. Callbeck, W. S. M cNolU' 
Ov'O'Colcs, F< Kelly. 
Jamea Duncan, B. Davles. 

J. H. Haylland, R. HcAutay. 
Joa. Hensloy. E. Klckham. 
fill. Rloley. — McCormnck. 



District 



King's Co., Con, 

2rd District 

4th •• 
Prince County: 

1st District 

2nd *• 

3rd •• 

4th •• 

9th '• 



Names. 



L. C. Owen. Joseph Nightman. 
3. Prowse, K. Henderson. 

0. Howlan, H. Bell. 
J. Tco, David Bamsay. 
Geo. Sinclair. -lot. Arsneaax. 
0. Howatt, A. Laird. 
Vacant^ D* Green. 



NXWTOUMSlAlin. 

LUvtemtHt Qottnn>r.\. 
nis Excellency Aktuont HcsbmAVK, Esq. 

EuaMst OomuU' 

Hon. F. B. T . Carter, Attomey>aoural. I Hon. A mbrose Shea. 

" Jobit Kent, Receiver (luneral. i " Nicholas Ktubb. 

" < vacant,) Solicitor-General. I " John Bemlster. Colonial Secretary and 

" Law. U*Brieu,Proalda&tofOoancU. I Clerk to Executive Council. 

LtyUlativt OouttoU, 

Hon. J. S. Cllft. I Bon. Jas. Cormack. 
" KUwanl White. " L. O'fiiion, President. 

" V. G. Tossler. I " John V/tnter. 

Hon. Geo. Emerson, Q. C, Clerk, Ac. 

Lt0UUitiM Ai$nMy. 

W. v. WniTUWAT, Q. C, Speaker. 

BonavUta.....'....'...J. H. Warren, J. T. Oakley, J. 

T. Burton. 
T«ll'«ateAFogo..T. Kniaht. W. V. Whiteway, 

Fcrryland Tbos.'Qlen. M. Kearney. 

Piaccatia and at. 

Uary's Hon. A. Shea, P. M. Barron, 

T. O'Blcllcy. 

Birln K. Evans. Hon. F. B.T. Carter. 

Fortunu B»y. T. B. B mnett. 

Uursc'o A LaPoUcD. W. Prowse. 



Hon. Ed. Uorria. 
" Nicholas Stabb. 
" Bobt. Kent. 



8t John**, ■ast.Mj. Kavanagb. Bon. J. Kent, B. 

J. ("arsons. . _ 

" Vast...P. Brennan, T. Talbot, B. 
Beiiouf. 

narbor Grace (v.^caut), W.8. Green. 

Ctrbonnear J. Borke.^ 

Usrbor Matae......G. J. Bogsett, Josoph J. 

Little. 

Port de Grave B. J, Pinsont, Q. C. 

nay do Verde.......Uon. J. Bamlster. _ 

Trinity „.„...M..''...9. BendeU, W. J. Wyatt, B. 
Alsop. 
John Stuart, Clerk. 



wenUo la^**'*"* ''*" P*"**"* *» Now Brunswick and Prince Edward Island aa tha Tiar BmK- 



Hon. A. X. Gait. 



XtmUn tflkt Prku OoMeil not af the OabhuL 



1 



Bon. A. 0. Archibald. 



110 



Customs— the Acts. 



W' '*• 



fe 



[i ' ' 



h 















II r 



^>^« 



■t 







Ik;^-*!,-,,,, 



THE CUSTOMS ACTS. 



' The former enitonu tews t>f -the aeveral Provinces of the Dominion Iisvb becAconsoKdstad byiho 
AotSlVlc. Ctp.6, of the Dominion Leglslatnro, which U a long Act of 141 dauiei. and (Umlahesa 
oiomplete general wxle upon the tubject. The fbUowIng U an abitract of the law, to which la alao 
ajppendad an abitract of other Dominion Acts affecting the Customs :— 

Unennmerated articles bearing a close resemblance to enumerated are to be charged with the duty 
of the enumerated: articles compounded of two materials to be charged with same duty aa highest. 
The O. In 0.* may declare duty In doubtfUl caies. 

Goo'ls must not 00 brought Into the Domlolon except at a port of entry, or carried past such port, 
or unladen until entrylduly made, upon pain of forfeiture, or payment of cUbt hundred dollars penalty. 

The Master of any vessel arriving m a Canadian port, or any vessel plying on Inland waters or 
carriage must report at Cuatom House before breablng bulk, bu* suflbranco wharves and warehouses 
may bo established by tho O. In 0. where goods arriving In vessels. In transit for other porlt, may bo 
landed or stored before completing entry. Tesseta on coastwise voyage may nlso bo freed fh>m certa n 
rormalltles. Seagoing vessels nhail complete entry wltbln three days, and masters of vessels on Inland 
waters, or persons !■ ciarge <it carriage, within twenty-four hourb after arrival. 

If goods are not duly entered. tb«y may be taken by offlcers*to warehouse and sold after one moa\h. 
Packages of which the oontenta are unknown to the consignee, or which the collector suspects not to 
correspond with entry, may be opened and examined. If, In latter case, goods do not correspond with 
entry, they are fbrfelted. ' 

The quantity and v«!ue of all goods are to bo entered whether subject to duty or not. Purplui 
stores of vessel must bo entered and duty paid thereon, or warehoused te be re-exported. Vesiols 
entering Out of AnnapollH, may report either at DIgby or Annapolis. Yessels entering the Great 
Bras d'Or te report where M. C* may (Tom time to time direct. 

Abatement Is to be allowed of duties on goods damaged by water, or lost or destroyed, after entry 
made uut before landing. When necessary for repairs to unload vessel, goods may be placed la ware- 
house In custody of collector. OOois sold fbr payment of salvage are exempt from duty. Goods 
derelict, flotsam, jetsam or wrecked are liable to duty, less abatement for damage, and may be sold for 
payment of duty : but this does not apply to goods In custody of any commlisioncr for Isle Sablo. 

Goods admitted free as Importad (or the use of Her MoJesty's troops become liable to duty if sold. 

The allowance for tare Is to be fixed by the 0« In 0., except In casies where it is suecllled in invoice 
and sworn to. Oollcctoror appraiser may take samples of goods to ascertain proper duty. 
' Appraisers are to be appointed at any port where Governor may think It advisable. At other portt 
collector acts as appraiser. In cases where od valorem duties are imposed the " value shall be undi r- 
stood to bo the fair market value thereof In the principal marketa of the countrv whence the same were 
ekportcd directly to Canada." Goods exported from such country, bona Jldo tor Canada, may b; 
so entered, althougu they " pass intranntm through another country," un<ier any order in Council 
providing regnlatlona In that behalf. " The flilr market value forduty," shall be tho fhir market value 
of goods in the usual and ordinary commercial acceptation of the term at theusnsl and ordinary 
credit, and not tho cash value of such goods, except in Cises In which the article Imported is bv unlveroal 
usage considered and known to be a cash article and so botta M« paid for In all transactions." No 
discounts for cash are to bo allowed, butcash invoices are sublect to addltlonaby coUeotor or appraiser. 
: Standards for sugar duties are to bo flxedDy the M. 0. and (ttmlshed to the various coih^ctors. 
' Sight bills of entry may ba made whenever Importer or consignee declares he has not full informa- 
tijon, or ho declares no invoice has been found accompanied by deposit of money estimated suf&ctent 
to meet duty by officer. In other cases an entry cannot be passed without an invoice. The invoice 
must bo sworn to as correct by the owner and tne importer, or agent specially authorized, whenever 
required by the loUector. The Importer may add to the invoice value so as to give in tho entry the 
true value forduty. Any person who makes, sends or brings a Alse Invoice into Canada for customs 
purposes, shall not recover any part of the purchase money of such goods, and the existence of any 
other invoioe of the same goods, or any part of them, from the same person at a higher price is prima 
/oeis proof of such fraud. Collectors are to keep all Invoices and grant copies of them, which whe 1 
certified, may be used as evidence. Collector or appraiser may examine parties under oath to aseertain 
value of goods, and any one refusing to attend to be examined ahaU incur a penalty of ISO, and if tlie 
owner, importer or consignee swear fhlsely, their goods aie forfeited. If importer is dissstlsflei with 
appraisement he may notify collector that he appeals, when two merchants fimiliar with character 
and value of the goods are to be chosen by Mm, who aro to settle it— th^ disagreeing the collector to 
dfccldo between tuem. If the value as flncUy settled by appraisement is twenty per cent, or over more 
than the Invoice price, then fifty per cent.. Is added to the duty otherwise payable. The duties 
to be paid are finally settled by the collector unlsss appeal to the U. C. is made within ten days. And 
duties must be paid accordin? to bis decision and cannot be recovered back by action at law unless sucb 
action be instltutnit within sixty day.q. Where the value of goods Is in dispute the collector miy levy 
tho duty (after dcductiuK one eleventh) in kind, at the value assigned to them by tho Importer. Uo may 
also when expedient taico the goods on payment of that valuation with one tenth added and chnrgrs 
and sell them on government account. Oolleclur must order ono package in any entry, or one in ten, to 
be opened and examined, and finding rco's not mentioned in invoice or not correctly described, or 
firaudulently under valued, or false statement concerning them has been made on oitb, forfliits the 
goods. The remaining packages of goods, not being examined, may be delivered under bond to the 
officers to be fbrthcoming If demanded within 3 days, after which, and after twenty four hours <otlco 
to tho officers to proceed with the examination, they are released. The onus of proof of compliance 
with law Is on the Importer. 

' Goods en which duty has been paid may be branded, and the importer may. If he require |tj within 
tUlrirtlars, have awritten permit sotting forth the goods on which be has paid duty. 

Ba.levlUe, Fr^derlcton. ' Kingston, " Prescott, 

BrockviUe, Godcrich. '" London. Stanley, 

Cobourg, - Halifax, Maltland, (Grand Blyer) St. John. (N. B.) 

Colborne, Hamilton, Montreal, St. JobnB,(Qu«bee), 

Dalhousle, Hope, Nlasam, Toronto, 

ore mado warehomsing porta by the Act, and others are added from time to time by tho G. In Ct 

Goods may bo warehoused and bonded for re-exportation or payment of duty at any of thes 1 ports, 
or fhey may, under regnlatlona by G. in C, be warehoused without bond In pUces under tho Queen's 
lock. Goods takonoutforrc-rxportatlon and landed again in Canada, are forfeited. While in ware- 
house they aro liable for freight as if on shipboard. Goods taken out of warehouse are liable to the 
duties at time they arc so taken out. Cattle and swine may be slaughtered, and grain ground In bond, 



* The word ■'oSoor," In tho' nbovs nlwtraot of the Ax!t, moms ofBoer of onitom* or nrenns officer Hting for 
ionu. Tho lotten " O. la 0.' staad for OoTamor in Oonnol^ ; " K. C." f or Hlslster of Cnitomi, 

t Thsi* oca now SO wanhunslng jpoits in Qaebpo and Ontario, S9 in Ifoyi) Seoti^ 094 9 ^ ^ew Brt^ifwiidc— 



Customs — the Acts, 



111 



MOKdatad by-tho 
, and fUrnlsheia 
,to wblcbltaUo 



ed witb tbe doty 
duty ai blgbMU 

id put «ucb port, 
1 uotlan penalty, 
inland waters or 
and wareboutci 
ler porif, moy bo 
teed from certan 
veiaele on Inland 

after one |Doa\h. 
>r BUtpecta not to 
( correspond with 

r or not. Purplui 
xported. Vesiola 
iterlng tbe Great 

royed, after entry 
)0 placed In wan^ 
om duty. Goods 
Id may be sold for 
or Isle Sablp. 
lie to duty If sold, 
ueclfled in Invoice 
luty. 

le. At otber ports 
ae shall be undi r- 
ice tbe same wer*; 
■ Canada, may b) 
r order In Council 
) fair market value 
roil and ordinary 
rtedisbyuntverKal 
ransactions." No 

So tor or appraiser, 
s collectors. 
I not fuU Informa- 
itlmatod BufBclent 
>lce. The Invoice 
lorlted, whenever 
in the entry ttic 
tnoda for customs 
existence of any 
|ber price Is prima 
lem, wblcbwbei 
oath to ascertain 
of 130, and If tlie 
-, dlssatlslle:! with 
a with character 
g tbe collector to 
ent. or over more 
kble. The duties 
n ten days. Awl 
It law unless sucb 
oUcctor miy levy 
mportcr. IIo may 
Ided and charges 
, or one In ten, to 
!tly described, or 
OAtb, forfeits the 
nder bond to the 
'our hours > otico 
lOf of compliance 

require it, F^tbln 



B,(Quebec), 

J G. In Ct ^ 
ivofthcsiports, 
idor the Queen'n 
Wbilo In ware- 
aro liable to the 
. ground in boml, 



offloer Mtins for 



and beef, pork, flour and meal of requisite value may bo subs! I tutcd for gra! n or II vo stoc>'. Sugar may 
bo reflncd In bond. Transfers of property in bond must bo roglsterod by tbo collector, and bon > of now 
proprte< nay bo substHuted for old. Goods removed without Icavo of collector aro forfoltod. Bonds 
aro ala ' ' .^ tired (br exportation of goods tikeu out for that purpose. No ono but owner or goods or 
master -f v- isel can so enter them for export. 

Any vessel leaving any port must bo entered outward by her master setting forth owneri>, country 
tonnage, crew, cargo and destination, under a penalty of four hundred dollars. The O. in C. may 
require such statistical Information as ho may deem necessary in such entry outwards, ll'ports may 
be made by purser! of steamers Instead of masters. A bill of nealtb may be given by collector when 
raqntred. 

Any person smuggling goods, or making ftilse entry. Is liable to a penalty of two hundred dollars or 
imprisonment for one year, or both. A person oiferlng goods for salo pretending tbem have been smuggled 
ftnnits tbem and trebio their value, or is liable to a Quo of two hundred doUirs. A per on kno a ligly pur- 
chasing or harboring smuggled goodii fi>rf<.'ltthem and treble their value. Any Uvo or mens persons round 
togolber, one of tbem baying smuggled goods, are all llablo f\,r m sdem. anor. Ho who blrea or directs 
otner to assist In smuggling rorfeits one hundred dolt. rs. Any person concealing or rsmoving warehoused 
goods is liable to like punishment as one smuggling. If o.o enters a warohousa without leavo or not In 
presence of ofllcer he forfeits one hundred uollarr-. If any ono alters or dcioces customs marks, he 
forfeits five handred dollars. Spirits (unless from United Kingdom or in bond from a warehouse In 
some otasr Brit'sb possession) or under special regulation of G. la U. on the fubjeot.must be imported 
in casks or vetscla holding not less than 100 gallons, and la decked vessel of not less than thirty tons,rIse 
■re Ibrftlted. Vessels used In carrying forfeited goods aro also forfeited. A vessel hovering on the 
coast wltliln three miles may be bearde>l, and if bound elsewhere ordered to rrocccd. l r she does not 
do sa she may bo brought Into port and ncr cargo examined, and, if prohibited goods are found on 
board atai shall be Ibrfeltud. Persons on boarl smuggling vesseH, knowlog tbem to bo such, forfelttlW. 
Offloers must have free ^oess to all parts of vessels and all goods on board. For forging customs mark 
or brand tbo penalty Is tZfti or imprisonment for ono year. F> roing rapers to bo punished as a misde- 
meanor. For untruo affirmations not otherwise provided for, penalty llOO. Any revenue offloer, sberlir, 
J. P. or any other person resident more than 10 miles from any offlco of customs, ond authorized by 
collector or J. P. may en information or reasonable grounds of suspicion, search for and examine g«ods 
suspected to be smuggled,and to that end stop any vessel or vehicle and effect 8elture,and call on other « 
to ass'st him, and if person In charge reftise to biop when summoned to do so in tbe Queen's name he 
shall forfeit Hxm. An officer attended by a peace ouiccr may,after having made cath that he has reason- 
able cause to suspect smuggled itoods are secreted in a building, search It during tho day, and if reftised 
admission, may force it, after flrst having declared why ho does so. Officers having procured a " writ 
of assistance " from a superior court may search by day or night, writs of aulstanco to last for a wholo 
lelgn and twelvo months after. Persons may be searched by officers, it' they resist they forfeit tioo, 
but they may demand to go before a Justice of the peace, who may order the search If reasonablr cause 
Is shown, otherwise discharge the party. If search made w.thout reasonable cause the officer 
forfelta $to. Females must be searched by female searchers. Goods sels:d as liable to forfeiture must be 
taken to the nearest custom house within 48 hours. If cantnred by police officer as stolen as well as 
smuggled, they are to be taken to the police offlco and kept till after trial, notice being forthwith given to 
the nearest collector. After trial thry are to be sent to collector to be dealt with. Polico officer forfeits 
ilOO for F<egleotlng tbis section. Any person ta' Ing any goods seized and detained by officer— whether 
owneroro.her— Is guilty of theft, and punlsbabis therefore, i'ersons resUtIng officers with violence, 
firing at or wounding them, firing on a vessel employed by them, destroying seized good!) or vessel, or 
custom house, or i aving goods lioble to seizure, and being armed or dlfgiilsed, shall be guilty of telmy 
and punishable therefor. Every officer conniving at smuggling, or any ono bribing or offering to bribe 
an officer to connive at smaggUng.shall forfeit S20aO.Proc83dlngs for condemaatton ofgoods of less value 
than flOO may be had before two Justlcrsof tbe peace. Thoso far larger sums before tbo usual civil 
couits. Notice of such prOcea lings must be postsdupin tho clerk or prothonotary's and colli^ctor's 
offices, and on the vessel or house whore seizure Is made, or nearest public places. Any persons claiming 
the goods as not liable to forfeiture must eivo notice of claim within one month after selzuie, and put in 
claim within one week after such posting If hobasglvcn notice ofclulm. At end of month after posting, 
court proceeds to tar ar and deternimo the case. Oialm must bomado In owner's i;ame, ami securliy 
must be given for penalty and costs. Things seized may be sold as condemned without legal proceedings 
unlets notice of claim is fVied by some one within tho month. Goods may be given up to tlte claimant 
upon his depositing sufficient money or putting In sufficient security. Cattle and ucrlshablo articles 
seised mny be sold oa If condemned, unless sucn money or security Is fbmUhed, and proceeds handed 
over to claimant if articles are not condemned. All such sales must bo by public auction. All actions 
for penalties or forfeitures must be brought within three years. An appeal Is granted from tbo decisions 
of J. P. and county orclrcnit courts. If probable causa of seizure bo certified In a case wher ■ goods 
aie, nevertheless are not condemned, only nominal damages and i o cos's can bo given against the 
otBcer, the M. 0. may at any time restore the things seize i and th ; claimant accepting thcai the cby 
waivea all right to damages. An officer must have a month's no Ico of any action for damages against ,, 
him. andtae may tender arnmd, which if found sufficient shall ca''ry costs In bis favor: such actions 
must bo brought within three months. 

Tho G. m C. may make regulations respecting horses, vehicles and baggage of possengeini or 
respecting goods passing through any portion of Canada over ca als or railroads and not unlade In 
tbe country ; also for exemption from duty of lumber from Oanaillan loss taken Into the United States 
to bo sawed, or of meal or flour taken thither to be (nrouiid, abo cxcnip In? all goods i ro::;ucc(t In 
Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland ; for the distribution of psualtles an-l proceeds of forf. Iturcs ; 
for giving and taking bonds In casss of part remission of daty or other Indulgence by the M. C. lie 
may alio prohibit th .exportation of arms and warlike stores of any kind. The breach of such regulations 
shall be punished by forfeiture cr fine of fiiio. 

Importation of goods by vessel tako places when she comes within the limits of the port ; expor- 
tation when the goods are laden for export. ... • .. 

31 1(0., Oaf. 7. 

This Act Imposes duties of customs, bat is supars ided by tho tariff passed it) the later part of tbe 
session, and to bo found a few pages back. ^ 

It further provides that goods claimed to be exempt fVom duty must be described in the'terms of the 
Schedule or may ba seized and forfeited. 

Tho M. 0. may release seize I goods to tho claimant upon his agreement to pay such penalty aa may 
be deemed necessary. ' 

The O. In C. may make regula'lons to prevent fraud respecting flreo goodc. 

Vtro arms and munitions of war can only bo Imported from Great Britain, except by special 
! permUslon of tho V.. i). 
' No doOuctlon nball bo mado f.om Invoice for ass im:d valu 



3 



_ _ ^ ^^ of package containing goods (unless It 

Is s: natxitely mentioned in Invoice) nor for any uxpzns} of pac'iln". 

Fl3!i or other arttoicsalbgcd t^ b? thcpr.du.t • f • ana la, P.E.Islan ' or No«-fonndland, If Imported 
ft«iu United Sta'es, aro Uabb to duty, unl s azsom lanhd by U at outwar I entry and c rtltlcate vtom a, 
collector of H. H. cuatotns. D.-awbac;: b to ba allowed on (roods wli'ch have baen Imported an I paid 
duty mon thair ro-axpo: ta' Ion direct to 1*. E. Island or N^wi'ouniland. No rcfUnd will be made after 
14 daya' tor mtsdesoriptlon of gc^ds, and such crrori found out In unpacking mu:t be forthwith reported 
to collector without, rarthor interference with goo s. 
■ 1 . ' t \ • 






?:-ii: 



M 



m ■-. A 



J12 



Customs — IT.jtarf'nmiai Cirmlars. 



•S'.lsi. 





;*' . 




14 



I'W.'' 



Ky- 






'^% 



'■|)WV. 



'«3t, 



J»^*t 



DEPARTMENTAL CIRCULARS. 



As raar naturally bo expected, a variety of questions arlso In the tranuctton of IraalneM with the 
Ouatoms Dopaitment wh'ch call for oOlclal decisions. Thcso are always communicated to the 
Collectors of Ciistoms by clrcuta», of which wo append a list, bvUcvlng that It will bo of great uso to 
merchant* am well as to officials to have them thus collected. They are as fallows :— 

Circniar Nn. l.-Ci'ST0M« Department, Ottawa. lOth AuBurt, 1867,— Sib ; The attention of this 
Depnriiiii'ii' having bm>ii tailed to uioluct of "Oa*jJarii,"contalnlntf fliio salt, being admitted duty 
ri-fo.'it('orti.!n fOii.ioriCntry, anil charged with du'y at other Ports. I am desired by thti lion, the 
ActlnKMIiijiiterofCustuniiital firm you that tho "Jars" In question aro consldt-ri-d tu bo liable to 
the duty t>f lA i;br cent, ad valorem, as not brinff the uiiual paclcavca In which salt Is generally importod.- 

lam, iilr. your obedient nervant. 

The Collector of Customs, Tuoa. Wobtuimoton, Aast. Com. Customs A Excise. 



CIrentar* Von. 2 .t, 4 C, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, It, 19. 20. 22, and 23. relate to tho Intoniol admlnlatratlon of 
the Cusionis Department, Ibnun of return to bo made to head quarters, Ac, Ac. 

Octtlar No. s contained the followlns Instruction, explanatory of clauses 121, 122, and 123 of the 
CnlO'i Act:— 

' You are, therefore In your Returns of External or Forelen Tndo, to tako no notice of Goods 
comtn(( In o > our Purt, T'oni nny Port or placo in aay uthur of tlio Provinces, whether such Goods are 
In t mis t or fix- i-oiisuiuptlon there ; provided such Goods bj of tho Growth, Produco or Manuftuituro 
or thoso Piovlnces. 

" 8hould,howover, tho articles brought from any of Ihose Provinces bo of Foreign Growth. Produce 
or :t1 anut'aciun*, a:iil be chamcablo under tho existing TarllTat your Port, with higher duties than those 
■ hlch they shall liavo pa'd on Importation Into any of thoso Provluccs, yon will conform to tho 

EroviiiloMH of I ho IZlrdacctlonabovo quoted, and exact tho dlflterenco between tho duty paid and tho 
lRh''r(ltUy (o wlilcli aucU Roodit may b ; liable under the Tariff In three at your Port, until tho law in 
this respect bo altered by the i'arllament of Canada." 



Clratlar No. 0.— rvsTOMS Depabtmimt, Ottawa, 2Sth November, 1867,— Sib : Thla Department 
havtii:c Approved of " bar and shaklo Lock '* submitted by tho Grand Trunk Ballway Company, In lieu 
of ttio lock now In uso for tho Mourlly of bonded goods carried over their aovvral lines of Uatlway,as 
fluthorlzo't by Oixlcr In Council of Uth March, 1864, 1 beg to transmit to you, herewith, tho Press and 
Dio appropriated to your Port, as per margin, tho receipt of which you will pleoso to acknowledge In 
ducoui'se. 

I have, at tho umc, to enjoin upon you, on no account to allow the press and dio. now transmitted, 
to po out ( f your hands, except Into thoso of tho Customs Officer In charge of tho Ballway Station, at 
which thoy nro to bo used. I am, Sir, your obedient aervant, 

Tho Collector of Customs. B. 8. M. Bodcbktti. 

CtrcHlar No. II.— Oubtomi Dbpabtmbmt, Ottawa. 2lBt December, 1887.— Sir; This Department 

hnvln/(r'.o;lvo4l Intimation that tho Extra Cbriatmaa Mo. of Charlea Dickens' Journal "All the Tear 

Itoumt." tntltl d " Mo Thoroughfare," has been duly registered and entered aa Copyright in London, 

Kns;land, I liavo to direct that all Foreign reprints of that copyright b J suhJectod to tho duty imposed 

by Lew p m Mich renrinta when Imported Into this Country. l am, Sir, your ob(<dient servant, 

Thu Collector of Customs. B. S. M. Bovouettx. 

I 

CircHlar Mo. 16.— CtTSToiia DBPABTXEirr, Ottawa, 31st Dceeroher. 1867.— Sir s I bavo It In command 
to Acntialnt you that IIH Excellency tho Governor Gsncral, by an Order In Council bearing iiato tho 
l'.St°;i i:Htaiit. ims bci<n pl!<as^d to order and direct that cvo y package of raw or manufhcturcd Tobacco 
or of C!.?iirH or Snuir imported or brou^rht Into any Port within tho Dominion of Canada, whether 
on ' erc.l nt tho Custom 1 1 ouso for warehouse or for consumption, shall have attached thereto, by the 
proper oniccr of (customs, Rtampo In tho forms approved by such Order under tho authority of an Act 
rocentiv passed by tho Parll jment of Canada, Cap, 6, intituled : " An Act respecting tho Customs," and 
of which Htarap i n supply Is herewith trau mltted as per margin (br the uso of your Port. 

Tho n:in!l label or stamp tn intended to l>o used In cases wbero tho largo label or stamp would 
materially Intcrfuro with the Foreign Manuihcturer'a marks or labola on amall packages of Cigars or 
Tobacco. 

You will Ii3 supplied with any thrthcr quantity that you miy require upon requisition being made 
to til's Department. I am, Sir. your obedient servant, , 

The Collector of Customs. * B. S. U. Bovcbbit^. 

'. • 

Ctrfuhir Mo. 18.— CcBTOMS Dxpabtmkmt, Ottawa, 4th January, 1868;— Sir! Tour attention Is 
calloil to tho Interpretations and Instructions on tho next page, as approve) by tho Hon. Tho Minister 
cf Cus:oins, a.i I you nro to bo governed thereby In the application at your Port of the Tariff recently 
parsed |jy t'lo Parliament of tho Dominion. I am. Sir, your obodlcnt a rvant. 

The Cullccior of Customs. B. S. M. Bououktte. Com. of Customa. 

InttrprtlaiioH* and iiutructian* to he olterved Ihrouqhout the Porte <^ th» Hon^niiom ef OoMoia 

in operatinff the Tariff Act nf VXt, 

1. AriDS.-Aclds do not Include "Orplment" (Tcllow) or "Beatger" (Red.) ^ 

2. 1)a<;».— Uivss v.Ueu not new may be Imported ftrec for the purpose of being Hired with Groin, Seed 
or Voul for cxpor'aUon— on Bonds for exportation being given— or the amount.of duty deposited, at; 
discretion cf t'.'.o Collector. 

3. C'lit'Roci Khlls.— l!i the admission of Church Bells duty free, tho Collector must bo duly ccrtlflod 
of tha l:itci!tlo!i of t'.io lr.inort( r t<> use them only for such purpose. 

4. Cni"i>K.— Ti'.oifnn '"Crude" Implies tho first conditloii of every article (as merchandise) and 
appUca tn Wimlat 'Is only wi;ea landecl In t idr orlslnal pac)-optrs on Board Ship. Sao Whole Oils. 

h. Cvrsi 11.— Grortid Gypsum may bo admitted free when imported expressly as "Manure." 

<>. klACiiiNnnv.— The <hclarailon or Oath of the Importer must bo given to thnefihct, that the 

mac1<l;iery, (or which cxcn'.ptlon is claimed, is to bo used In tho original construction of a Mill or 

Fuetory. 

7. Models.— Mo<leIs are held to bo such, only when theyvonnot be used as tho articles of which 

I they ^rc. r.aUl to ba the no'lcr, such as .Stoves or Grates. ■ ,• 

H, Pr.VNCLU.— The article c.'ccniptcdnn-JorihUiiead is the fabric generally used fo»the uppen of 
Ladles' boots and shoes. Any fabric not so generally used should not be admitted. 



Customs-^ Departmentai Circulars. 



lia 



), and 123 of the 



[. BOOCBRTI. 



sdulyccrtlflod 



9. Smuu' Emon.— When entrr of " Settler*' KflkcU " li not mcde by the Importer In penon' 
hit declarailun lo tho correctncMa of hli statement of nic< a mait t>o ma le befUre a Jaailce of the Peaee* 
The cxt-mpUon In IkvorofHcttlera" la not to apply to peiaona domiciled InCanaaa, or who bav* 
been abwnt from Canada (br a ahorter term than nvo yi-ara. 

10. 0OLB AMD UPriB Lbathm.— 8ol« and Upper Leather doea not Include Leather dreaaed and 
prepared for purpoMi, other Uian the manuCMtnre of boot a and aboeaitho valuo of which UblglMr 
than aole or upper Leather. 

11. Bv«AB.— In teitlnii the artleto of Sonar ft>r doty by the Slandarda provided by the I>epartrooiit» 
Itlaof tho blgheetlmporunoe. In I h« Interest of tho Revenuo and of the fair trader, to establish an 
unlfbrm syatem In tho use of ioch ttandards. A rl^ld adherence 'o the follow ng almplo Mala, to 
UMNlbK) enjoined In the valuation of sugar fl>r duty throughout the Porta of the I>omlnlo:n :— 

When equal to No. 1 V lOiAs. fS. 

" :. "» but not equal to No. 1 „ ., *• ^M 

V 9% ■•••«*••••••••«•■•••••••■••*•••••••••••••• #«JBV 

U H M «l O M 04 •* A •* 1 <A 

w wf •••••••■■«••*•••«••••••«««•«•••■•••■•■*•«• JiiW 

When not equal to No. •, ....„...„ " l.M 

la. WHAU Oil.— In the entry of Whale Ull, duty freo,the Importer must produce a cortlfleatCt 
dttlyatteated by a Consul or Oonaular Agent, at the Port of Exportation, setting rortb the condltloa* 
required by Law. and sta Ing tbo marks of the casks and tho quantities contalnvd therein. 

IS. UMWiovoH* om BovoR.— Tho term "Unwrongbt" applies to stono which has undergonoa* 
process of manufltctur« beyond chipping to reduce bulk. " Bough " to castings which have unaeigoaa 
no precede of finishing, such aa filing, turnlna or planing. 

14. Wood.— Tho word " Unmanuflkotnred** Is to bo understood as applying to all timber which taM 
undergone no proco«s of reduction other than rough hewing. 

„ 10. Sutra' QBAB. Ac. Ac— Under the head ''Bhipa" it will be obaerved that Ibnr articles, via :— 
" Cables of hemp and grass," " Oordago,''' ** Sail Cloth or Canvas from No. l to 6 " and " Varnish black 
and bright." aro fi-ee only when used ror Ships or Vessels. Entry of these goods nnst be accompaulad 
with a deflaratltn or uath that they are to be used for vessels only. When duty paid, a Drawback wtB 
be allowed when ovldenc* Is fUmlshed satlslhctory to tho Collector at whoso Port the duty thereon waa 
paid, that such artlclea have been actually used In tho building, repairing or rigging or outfit of • ship 
or veaseL 



{XrtiOiiiir No. 31.— • • • •• Q|g Excellency The Governor General, by an Order to 
Council bearing date the aoth January last, has bovn pleased to order and direct that Com Meal ami 
Uya riour, when Imported Into Nova Scotia for food tor tho uso of FUbormen, bo allowed to bu 
entered In Bond, and that, on your report and recommendation to that efliict In each special 
thedutybaremUted." 



Okreutmr Ho. 26.— OvoTOiu DBPAUTMiirr. Ottawa, 10th June, 1868.— 8n: I beg to call your 
attention to the following sections of tne 31st Victoria Cap. 41, Intituled : " An Act fbr better oecurtnii 
the payment of the duty Imposed on Tobacco Uanuflwtured In Canada, and to direct that you wiO 
govern yourself, accordingly, vis. : 

" 1 Itow or Leaf Tobaccj shall not be Imported Into Canada, except at the undermentlaned Port% 
namely: Haut ax, St. John In New Brunswick, Uibaiiichi, Qvueo, UoHTiBAt, St. JoiiN'd In the 
District of Iberville, Pbbsoott, Kinoston, Tobomto, Hamilton, Cuvton, Babnu, Winooob and 
LoxDOM, and at such other porta of entry as tho liovernor in Council may authorize. 

" 3. All Baw or Lsaf Tobacco imported shall bi bonded at one or other of the above named Porta of 
entry, In a Customs Warehouse which shall be suhJoct to tho approval of the Collector of Customs ok 
the Port of Entry. 

"i. All Baw or Leaf Tobacco, whether imported or grown In Canada, may be taken for consumj^ 
tlon out of Bond, or firom tbo flum or premises upon which it was grown, by a dealer In Tobacco dnlr 
licensed for that purpose, under regulations to be made by the Oovurnor in Council, and uponjpaymoni 
of tho samo duty which would bo payable thereon If It had j^n monufhetured and taken4>nt of bond 
for consumption In Canada. 

" 0. Tho bond token for Tobacco warehoused as herein required shall bo for • sum equal to flftemi 
cents per pound on tho Tobacco to which It relates, and shall bo conditioned fbr tho delivery of the 
Baw or leaf Tobacco to which It relates, to some one or nioru Tobacco Manufhcturers duly IICL'n>'ed aa 
such under any Act rehiting to the Inland Revenue, or for tho delivery of such Tobacco to a dralor in 
Tobacco licensed under this Act, on a proper permit, and the payment of the duty thereon by ancb 
dealer, or for its exportation or destruction as nercin required: and the evidence of Its delivery to b 
liconsad Tobacco Manulhcturcr shall be tho CcrtiUcate of a Collector of Inland Bovonuo, that the 
Tobacco has been delivered into soiuo certain llccnsca Tobacco Manufactory or Manufhetorics therein 
named, and that an account thereof has been entered In the Mannfhcturer's Books, a3 required by law. 

" 6. Tobacco warehoused as herein provided, may remain In warehouse for a pcri'xl of two ycan^ 
at the expiration of which period, or sooner, it shall cither bo removed to and entered In som.' Llccnaea . 
Tobacco Manufltctory or uanutoctorics as herein provided, or taken out by a Liccnsad Dealer, or I 
entered for exportation, or at tho expiration of snah period It shall be destroyed under such regulatlona 
08 may be made In that behalf by competent authority. 
. " 8. All Baw or Leaf tobacco Imported or brought into Canada at any port or place, other than at 
' the ports of entry herein named, Bhsll bo seized by any olBcer of customs orExciae having a knowledge 
tbcreof, and shall bo and remain forfeited to the Crown. 

"9. All Imported Kaw or Leaf Tobacco not bonded as herein required, and in the possession of any 
person except a Licensed Tobacco Monuflieturer 

• « • « « « • * 

" Shall be seized by any officer of Customs or Excise having a knowledge thereof, and shall be and 
remain forfeited to the Crown,— 

"Except only that any person may have In his possession, for his own uso or consumption, not 
exceeding ten pounds of Baw or Lsaf Tobacco, purchased from a licensed dealer, and on which tbe 
duty hereby Imposed has been paid, the proof whereof sliall lie on such person." 

I am, sir, your obedient servant. 

The Collector of Customs. B. 8. M, Bouohrttb. 

OircNtar No. 27.- Customs Dbpabtmbnt, Ottawa, l&th June 18(V9.— Sir: Pending any further 
, action that may bo taken by tho Treasury Board on tho subject, lam desired by the Hon. tlio Minister 
of Finance to Inform you that tho exemption created by the Tarlfl', In fuvorof ' Clothlnft" Imported 
for tho uso of Army and Novy, is considered a;i covering plain a3 well aa Military clofulns of every 
description Imported b- Ufflccrs of Her Majesty's Army and Navy serving In Oanaia, Ruch clothln.cr to 
be of course, strictly personal to the Ui&ceni importing tbo same. I am, Sir. your cbzdi^Mit servant. 
The Collector of Customs. ' B. S. M. Bodoiietvk. 

droMlor No. 28.— Ccitoms Depabtmrnt, Ottawa. 18th June, 1868.— Sir : I am desired by the 
Minister of Customs to state for your information and KUtdance )n levying the a<l valorem dnty on 
Sugar, Molasses, Mclado, Syrup of Supar or Su:;ar Cane, Symp of Molasses or ofBorErbum, concent -ntL-d 
Melodo, concentrated Molasses and Sugar Candy, that tho valuo on which such duty shall bo calculated 

8 ' "' 



», -l 






^ 

^^'..' 









II'T 



l>>. 



.v.-^ 



114 



Customs— Departmental Circutars. 



m4 taketi thall Inclufle the value of Ui* pMkefM qnnUlQiDf the ume and tb'< ihlppliu and other 

part f ' 
And I am directed ftirther.to Inatruct you that the guage aud weight uf Sugar Molaieea and the 



paid Ibr tho purcbaee 
Tt of thu ^ alue A>r duty, 



charges on rach artlolei. Including cooperaae and llghtcruirerbut no OonimlMloi 
of any of lucb articles shall be taken Into the account and computed as ' " 

And I am directed ftirther.to Instruct you that the guage aud weig ^, 

other articles herein before mentioned, shall for the purposes uf Entry and duty be governed by the 
gnage and weight of Kcb articles u ascertained on arrival at tho Port of ounslgnment. 

I am, sir, your obedient servauc. 

The Oollaotor of Customs. B. 8. M. Bovoaim. 

OlreiUar No. tf .— OoiTOiu Dipakthmt, Oit i wa, ISth Jnno, iaM.--S r : Ravlnii submitted to the 
Hon. Tiio Mlnlstor uf Jusiloa, for bis legal opinion, the qu si Ion at to the ad n sslon u>ider the Tailff 
of BottlM. Jars. Demi Johns, Oasks, Barrels and other iiacka o« cootalnlng Rood* other than Splrl- 
taous Llonors, wines anl Matt Liquors, tho papartmsnt Is advised that In B«ferenco to the ath 
'* ieotlODOf tho ast Tariff Act, Slst VLtorla. Cap. 44, and the Itft paragraph of Schtdnle II of the Act, 



that Bottles, Jars, Demi Johns. Brandy £i 
** othor than Spirituous Llquon. wines and 



' than nlphurio aold, are free, if belni paokagM In wbloh such 
' In raoh Instano ■ aotaally Importo't." 

ThUMemptlon Item duty doca not, of eonne, extend to B 



iBporiedompi&. 

Tou win, therefore, govern yourself aooordlngly. 
Tho Oollootor of Onsioms. 



3Mks, Ban els or other paokag'S having actual e n e 's 

Malt Liquors, and carboys ba> lug actual contentr oihek 

goods are uiuaily Imported, iJiX uro 

Bottles, Jars, Ac., Ac., Ac, which are 



I am. 



sir, your obedient srrvani, 

B. <i. M. BOOOHITTB. 



OtrsMlar Mo. 80.— CviTOMi DirASTMiirr, Ottawa, 36th June, iaA8.-8lr : I am desired by the 
Hon. Tho Minister of Oustoms to Inform you that the fbllowlng articles are to be adn)ltted to entry as 
directed opposite each of them respectively, vli :— 

▲nallnoDyes. 19 per cent. 

Castllo Soap. IS per cent. 

' Vree when Imported by 
room-paper makers and 
stalnen, to bo URe<l In 
their trade only— other- 
.wise IS per cent. 

I am, Sir, your obedient servant. 
The Collector of Oustoms. B. S. M. BouoRim. 



Blchro mate of Potash,., 
British Oum 



Bxtract of Logwood « Free. 

Oopptfras Free. 

?aper Shavings Free as rag*, 
erftimed 6ulrltii,lmport«a In smaa bottles and 
not In bulk, to pay duty as perfumery and 
ior|1.30 



not at tho rate i 



> per galton. 



CVrettter No. SI.— [Mo. 1 1— OvsT.iMS DiPABTMiNT, Ottawa,7th July, 1868.— Sir 
mand to cqualn'.yon that Bis Bxcell ncy The Qovernor Uen>^al, by an Urder In Oounell hearlns 



I have It In coni' 

. . . _ at(j 

tant,haabeen pleated to order am direct that the raieo duty to be paid yearl bv the 



ler or Master of any Steam Vessel In the Dominion of Canada uuder the Act of t e last Sot' v n of 
Legislature, Intituled : " A ' Act cspectlng tho Inspection of bteamboats and for the greater 



the and 1 

owner 

tho 1 _ . 

" safety of PasMengers by them," be ten cents per ton fo. every ton which such vestel may measure, 

and that tbla rate be In aiddltlon to * he Inspection f . es named In the said Act 

A copy of the Act Is herewith transmitted fbr your Information. I am, sir, your obedient servt., 
— . ^f- ' — - ■" — * — «• - «» ■> — 



The Collector of Customs, 



B. 8. M. BoooaiTii. 



OfroNlor No. »a.— [Mo. 3 ]— Cmrrom Dxpabtmint, Ottawa. 13th July, 186S.— Sir : A decision of the 
Buporlor Court of the Province of Qu ^lec having held that Ooppe , Brass, or Iron Tubes and Piping, 
drawn, which a e Vi-ee under the Tariff, are not exo'uded from tho exam >tlon by tho ends ther of 
being screw-threaded wl^hooupUnv 8 attached, ynu are, hencetortu. to admit Copper, Brass or Iron 
Tubes and Piping, drawn so screw-throade'l or not, with couplings as ubovo tnentl no I to flree entry 

Should Tubes and PIpl g of the description hereinbefore stated have been entered and duly paid 
at your Port, upon the assumption that such Tubes and Piping w»re duttablS, you are aulhorlied to 
refund such duty whenever applied t • by the Importer In such cases, having previously satUHed your- 
self by • roftaonce to the entry that such duty was pal ^ I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

"•ho - - — 



The Collector of Customs, 



B. 8. M. BoocHiTrx. 



dreulor Mo. S3.— [Mo. 3.]— OosTom Dipabtmbnt, Ottawa, asth Jnlv, 1868.— Sir : This Department 
having approved of a^* bar and shakle Lock " submitted by the Great western Ballway, In lieu of the 
look now In use fbr the security of bonded ami uncustomed goods carrli I over their lines of Railway, 
fs authorised by Order In Council of Uth M arch, 1864, 1 beg to transmit to you, herewith, tho Press and 
Die appropriated to your Port, as per mareln, the receipt of which you will please to acknowledge In 
due course, 

I have, at the same time, to enjoin upon you, on no account, to allow the Press and Die, now 
tnnsmltted, to go out of your possession, except when entrusted to the Customs Officer In charge or 
the Ballway Station, at which they are to be used. 

The regulations accompanying my Circular 7th April, 1864, (No. 130) remain In force except In so 
fhr as regards the Locks therein mentioned, to which Looks tho present Bar and Shakle Lock has been 
anbstltuted. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 

7^3 Collector of Customs. B. S. M. Bovohbttb. 



.'^(CiOm No, .14.- [No. 4.]— Loral to Nova Scotia. 
Acting Auditors. Halifax. 



Certain returns to be sent to T. F. Knight, Esq.. 



€Sr«MlarMo.3S.— [No.Sj-Oir8VOM8DBPABTiiBNT.OTTAWA,13thAngU8f,186<^^ r: i cm >* sired, by 
the Hon. the Minister of Customs, to Inform you thst, by an OrderTn Council, tifau va >*uC^ the 8th 
tBstant,authorltybasbeenglventohlmtorenindi:i' duties paid on articles livi> 'Til * ' m General, 
Staff or Departmental Officer or Beglmental Mess or Canteen, and that In < r to aim to 

transmit you the requisite amount. It will be necessary for you to forward to ^ ; . . . tuii ., with the 
least possible delay, a statement of the duties respectively paid on artlciub caieiod between the 
aMh April and theSOth of June last Inclusive. 

A« regards the articles entered since the ist of July, ss duties are to be refhnded to the Canteens 
mouw Jly, KCk^ tbe Office s, Ac, quarterly, you are requested to send a statement of the duties pal 1 by 
Canteens for x^ie past month andcontluue to send such statements at the end of each month as regard! 
Canteens, aud ,\t the end of each quarter as regards Officers. I am. Sir, > our obedient servant. 

The Collect or of Customs. J. Johhboh, iisil. OammiMAmm: 

OlirtmUw Mc. ^. —[No. 6.]— Cusf0iu> Dbpabthbnt, Ottawa, 17th August, 1868.— Sir:— A dlflbrenct 
of opinion ap?^iirl w (-> pre-r a at s< vers* ports In reference to the definition of the word "periodic 1 " 
mentloncil h\ rhr V^rMf .; ,ni desl-,^ to Inform you that It comprises thou publications which 
appear at npn^nf XrtU.: y&.Uv, such n Niwspaper , Reviews, Magaslnea, Ann al Begtsters. Ac., devot' i> 
to religion, i^ii. t'cr, •:h'< sciences, art ., amusements, Ac, which publications are entitle i to entry ai 
•> per cent, xd ^lUtrva. 

„_ I am (Ur:h«rdlrrctA< toinftorm you that the Department has decided that the Interprstatlons o 
"Tariff !8S7," '..«nsmlt^ with Circular of 4th January last, in regard to admission of maohtaiery fb 



i«ed^ 



Customs — Departmentai Circulars. 



lift 



tg and ottiar 
tho piirctMM 
for duty. 
MM »nil the 
trntd by Um 



loooanrB. 

mtttod (0 th« 
dartlwTailff 
ir than Spin- 
)• to the 8lh 
lloftheA^ot, 
toal one \h 
Dntcntf olhtk 
rt«l, alii ure 

e., wMoU are 

inrent, 
BoooBim. 

eilred , 
led to entry m 

,,*Kree* 
...Vree. 

...free M rag*. 
laa bottle* and 
MrAioiory and 
«n. 



by the 
air 



Bouonvm. 

tve It tn COM- 

illlieartng ato 
I yeart by the 
I laatSjt^imof 
for the greater 
may meaitttre, 

obedient senrt., 

. BOOOHITtl. 

kdeclilonofthe 

bee and Piping, 

le ends ther of 

Br«8aor Iron 

I to firee entry 

and duly paid 

authorised to 

■atlnaed your- 

t servant, 

BoQLBiTra. 

bts Department 
r. In lieu of the 
kes of Railway, 
I, tho Press and 
loknowledge In 

and Die, now 
cer In charge o( 

ce except In so 
Lock has been 

BOUOBITTB. 

k Knight, Bsq^ 



cm'' sired, bJ 
I v< (lUtn the 8th 
' General, 
iilm to 
lull ' ■ < with tht 
between the 

^ the Canteens 

■duties pal 1 bj 

lontbasregardi 

ervant, 

imiteioiMr. 

\—k dlflbrenci 
ll"pertortlc.l" 
ilcatlons which 
H, Ao., devot' <> 
lie • to entry ai 

krpntatlons V 
Imaohlnery to 



mills and factories are to be held to Include all new machinery Imported for the extension of maa> • 
OMturtng power and not to replace or repair oM artkilr* or the Mniu cm*. 

I am. Sir, your obPdli>nt *ervant, 
The Collector of Customs. J. Johnson, A-A. Commimitmtt. 

CbmUar No. ST.— [No. 7.]— Ovstoms 1>l i > imknt Ottawa, 3rd September. lf4M.-8lr:— The accoro- 
panylng *' Publl Ifotrce,"re«peu:lnuilttiUI*.i' >>' .uun''i!ortlioKra*ultou*»unpl)rorileporiSBnil Buirteit 
to the public. U sent you for your InFurmittioti •» I i(iiiilaiic<i, un 1 1 h iv« ow furttier to Inatrttct you to 
makr> Annnllbrm charge of ttvoceats for csruh net ur mil i> bleiik>«wQlchyoumayfUrnl*h,af)erthetlrs of 
0' iirnext, *Thts arranmment Is Int'^leil m'>rel)' lo iimv.-ot tnuoinciilence to Importers anU 
01.. .*. The Department does not dualre to * n. « to vie*' : r '»nli*. and no doubt, printers ana 
publisher* will. In a khoit time, be prepared Wllh a ritil vuppj.v ( .r t utilh: umb. 

Ton will also reoelre per mall, a complete set or thM forms at approved by the Department, which 
you are to relala as authorised speetmena. Iam,Bl ,youi "MienteerTant, 

The Collector of Customs. J. Jomnson, XaM. aommi$$lontr. 

(MtH i wr H». M.-Omroin DWAUMtMT^ Ottawa, nst September, (••n-Sir; Under r Kulatlons 
Msuedon Mth ultimo, and approved by the Oovemor 0?neral In Council, for iW ~«fttiid of duties to , 
Her IIi^|Mty*s Troops serving In Canada, It la conil(lor>d bv the Department thAt 'w the bettor 
security of )be Berenue, and to Insure unlfbrmlty of prac Moe, the following rule should l»^ obtorved In 
the ex-warahoaslng of tooqs. 

In all eases whs'.'a the mllltanr pnrohiM goods In bond O'om merchantB, you win osnae a trannfer 
of Bueh goods ta b« first made In the usual Ihrm fW>in the seller to the olBoer eorooMnillnc t tie reRimeht 
ordetsenment; and the ex-warehouae entry, with the certificate required byth* regulattom relMrtd 
to, writtan or endorsed thereon. Is to bo made by the officer to whom Um gouds are so trant^ erred In 
bond. 

Tlil.'t Will Insure the keeping of a correct and Npsrate account of a'l such goods In youi warehouse 
poflli • _.. ^ I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

Tic loll ''■r of Customs. B. 8. M. MrMi<c«aTTi. 

, fSrenUf So. .'».-0nsTO» Dbpabtmiir, OrtiWA. 28th September, 18(l8.-81r: In accordanco with 
' tn ' < . .gestlon of the Cotumlssloi.xrs of Cuntoms In England, and In compliance with tho request of tne 
Beori tary for the Colonies thereon as conveyed In the Circular Deipatch of the 29th of Augvfit. last to 
the Governor General, I am directed by the Minis er of Customs to call your special a«t«iiUon to the 
provisions of the ISlxt section or Customs OonsoUdatlon Act, 1803 (Impl. Act 16 and 17 Vict. cap. 107). 
which HMtJen la In the words (bllovlng :- 

"OLXI. If any article of foreign roanufhcture. and any packages ofsnoh artistes. beaHng any 
naines, brands, or marks being or purponing to be the names, brands or marks of manufacMrers 
rasldoiit In the United Kingdom, shall be Imported Into any of the Brltlah possession* thread, the 

■Mna ■hall ha ftiHMIwul •• -^ • r > 



I have also In fhrt>>eranee of tho same object to call your attention to the 10th section 
last session of the Imperial Parliament, 9D and 31 Vic, cap. 82, whish requires the nei 
goods In transit through Great Britain, to (tarnish a duplicate Shipping Bill containing the particulars 



r the Act of 
the penon entering 



of such goods, which duplicate Shipping Bills accompanrinc the papers of the ship la which the goods 
ara Imported Into the British possessions abroad, nfTo'd the Revenue Officers there, the mean* of know- 
ing the origin of the goods and of seising any (breign goods bearing British marks which may be 
Imported In the respective Colonies. 

It will thereftore he your duty to retinire the production of such Shipping Bills, and dlllR<«ntly to 
enquire Into and examine whether any of tho fbrelgn goods therein mentioned and Imvorted at your 
Port, bear British marks. In contravention of the law, and thereui>on to enfbroe the lAlst section het«> 
Inabovo quoted. ^ I am. Sir, your obedient servant. 

The Collector of Ovstoms. B. S. M. Bovohetti. 



drsMlor Ko, M.— CvSTOiii DiPABnUMT, Ottawa, 2nd October, 1888.— Sir: I be« leave to trsnawitt 
to yon, herewith, for your Information and guidance, a copy of an Extra of the Canada Qa»»tt» of the 
1st instant, containing two Orders of His Excellency the Governor General In Council, having rr >r 
enoe, the one to the Importation of foreign reprints of British Copyright works (a), and the othe to 
the Importation of homei cattle (b). I am. Sir ,your obedient servant. 

The Collector of Customs. B. S. M. Bouorittu. 

Custom Ronsi VQVtu.—PMie NoHetto Importtrt and Otutom Bonn firolter*.— The Customs TaritT 
Act, 31 Vic, Cap. 44, having ' epeaied Sec. 133 of 31 Vic, Cap. 7, relating to Customs Forms, and enacted 
In lieu thereof the following:— 

"See. 133. All bonds, documents and papers necessary for the tranraotlon of any buslnes.s at the 
respective Custom Houses or places or Ports of Entry in Canada, shall be in such form as the Minister 
of Customs shall ftrom time to time direct." 

Notice Is hereby givaa that approved Amns of Beports, outwards and inwards, and entries (br 
duty, flree or ware ouse. an deposited at all Custom Houses of the Dominion, and thai Custom House 
Brokers, Importers or Prlaiters who may wish t'> p Int the same, fbr their own or general use, can pro- 
cure roples for that purpaae by application to the Collector, and that fVom and after the first of October 
DUX*, ^he Department wtll discontinue the gratuitous supply of the above forms for general use; but a'l 
forms prepared for sale or use, are required to be In strict accordance with the copies (Umlshe and 
upon the same sised paper. 

For the present i he forms can be obtained atany Custom House by psyment of the cost of prlntltg. 

Blank Bonds will continue to be fur. lnhed gratuitously as heretofore. 

B. 8. M. BoucnETTE, 

Custom Dbpabtmiht, Ottawa, let Sept., 1868. C<mmi»nouer qf Outtomt. 



MThtoorlnrafsntotfMtonnnUBgtoBiigUnd of the duty of tt| per esat imposed hy the noeat Tariff ea 
Brituh oopytlght works Impotted lain Owada. 

(b^ This order temovea the rrahlbltkm of the impottatloa of Homed Cattle, and mbetltntc* the ftdlewiaa i— Oa> 
from and after the ei^Mk day ef October iaatMM^ tU Otttla intended to be imparted or intiodnoed Into the Proving 




next, and no longer. 



116 



Customs — The Canada Tariff'. 



k-h 






■m 






THE TARIFF OF CANADA. 

(Otroul TCKH.'-En/oroedfrom April 2S(k,ia6i.—Ai»nM to May, 1868.) 

CUSTOMS, 
BcnBDVLE A.~Gooos Patino Spectho Dttths. 



Dutlci. 

Animate, vli:— $ c. 

Hones • • Per he«d 13 00 
Horned Oattlo " 10 00 
Awlne - - - V 2 00 
BbeeD • - • " 1 00 

Acld-Snlphnric • Per lb. COH 

Butter- - - - •• 04 

Cigars— Value not overtlO 

per Mlllo • Per M. 

Dodo jwerSlOandnot 

overfao •• PnrM. 

Do do over 920 and not 

over 840 • - PerH. 

DodooverS40 " 

Cheese - - • - . Mb. 

CofKee.sreen - - 
Do roasted or Rr'd " 

Cbicory or otbcr Root 
or Vegetable used as 
Coffee, raw or gr'n, P.lb. 03 



300 

400 

600 
000 
003 
O03 
004 



Sngar: —All sumtr cqnal to, or 
above No. f>, Dutch Standard, 
twenty-five percent, ad valo- 
rem and a speclflo duty of 
one cent per lb. 
Below No.o Dutch Standard, 
twcnty-flvo per centum ad 
futlorem and a specific duty of 
three-fourths of one cent per 
lb. 



Duties. 
Cbicory, Uln-drl'd, roast'd $ c. 

or ground - - Per lb. 
ri8h,8aItMorranok'd " 
Lard and Tallow • " 
Heats, l^esh, salted or 
smoked • • • Per lb. 
Malt • • . . Per bush. 
Oils, viz :- 
Coal and Kerosene, dis- 
tilled, purified and re- 
fined- - - Per gall. 
Naptha, Benzole, and 
Berd Petrol'm,P.gall. 
Products of Petroleum, 
Cool, Shale, and Lig- 
nite, not otherwise 
speclfled - - Per gall. 
Crude Petroleum, P. gall. 
Soap, common • - P. lb. 
Starch " 

Bugar and Jfofoste*. 

Cane Julc«*. Syrup of Sugar or 
of Sugai^Cnne, Syrup of Ho- 
lasseeor of Sorshum, Mclado, 
concentrated ilelado, or con- 
centrated Molasses, twenty- 
flvo icr centum aa valorem 
and a speclflo duty of five- 
eighths of ono cent per lb. 

Sugar Candy, brown or white, 
and confectionary, twenty- 



004 
01 
01 

01 
040 



OlS 
10 



10 
06 
01 
002 



_ Duties, 
Spirits and strong Waters, $ c. 
vis: 
Brandy. OIn, Bum,Whis« 
key, Bplrlia of >Vinc, 
Alcohol, Bitters con- 
taining Spirit, Ver- 
mouth and other Spiri- 
tuous Liquors of what- 
ever strenBth,notottaer- 
wise specified, on every 

fallen oftho strength of 
>roof of Sykes* Hydro- ■ 
meter, and so In pro- 
portion for any greater 
strength, and for every 
less quantity tlian a 
gallon 

Cordials - - - PergaU. 

Perfumed Spirits, jj 

Tinctures - • - " 



080 
120 
120 
063 



five per centum ad vaiorem 
and a specific duty of one 
cent per lb. 

Molasses, if used for reflningpnr- 
poses, or for the manuflusture 
of BU ar - - Per lOUlbs. 73 

Molasses, if not so used, twen- 
ty-five per centum ad valo- 
rem. 



SoBisuiiE B.— OooM Payino TwEKTr-nvK Peb Oeiitvm Ad Vaubbii. 



Cassia, ground, 
Cinnamon, " 
Ginger, " 
Mace, 
Nutmegs, 



Pepper, grount*. 

Perfumery, not i>therwlE»«i>eei- 



[fled. 



Perftimed end Fancy Soaps, 

Pimento, ground. 

Playing cards, 

Proprieta' y Medeclnesjcommon- 
ly called Patent Medicine!), or 
any medicine or preparation of 



which the,reclpe is kept secret, 
or the Ingredit nts whereof arc 
kept secret, rtconirocndcd by 
advertisement, bi 1 or label for 
tbo relief or cure of any dis- 
order or ailment. 



Ooon Patino Tem Pek Oemtux Ad Valobbm. 
Sole and Upper Leather. 

Ooosa Patino Five Peb Cbxtvm Ad Valobem. 



Books, Periodicals and Pamph- 
Icts.brintcd,— not being foreign 
reprints of British Copyright 
W orks,nor blank account books 
nor copy books, nor books to 
be written or drawn upon, nor 



reprints of books printed in 
Canada, nor printed sheet mu- 
sic. 
Iroii, viz :— Bar, Bod, Hoop and 
Sheet. 
Canada plates and tln'd plates. 



Goods Patimo Ad Valobem axd SPEcmo 



Ale, Beer nnd Porter, ten per cen- 
tum €ul valorem and n spcclflc 
duty of five cents per Gallon In 
Casks, and seven cents per Gal- 
lon In bottles. (5 quart and 10 
pint bottles to be held to con- 
lain n gallon.) 

lea, binck, fifteen per centum 
aa valorem, and a specific duty 
of three cents and one half ot a 
cent per lb. 

Do. Green including .Tapan, fif- 
teen per centum ad vaiorem, 
and a specific duty of seven 
cents per lb. 

Arte and Bcience ;— 
Anatomical preparations, 
Botany, specimens of. 
Cabinets of Antiquities, 
Coins, 
" Ooms, 

" Medals, 

, Drawings, not in oU, 
■ Gems, 
Medals, 

Mineralogy, Kpoclmens of. 
Models, 

Natural nistorv, specimens of, 
Sculpture, specimens of. 



Tobacco, manufactured, except 
Cl7ars.tnd including Snuff, five 
per cent ad valorem, and a spe- 
cific duty of fifteen cents per 
lb. 

Wines of all kinds, including Gin- 
ger, Oranse, Lemon, Gooseber- 
ry, Strawberry, Raspberry, El- 
der and Currant Wines, twenty 
per centum ad valorem, nnd a 
specific duty of ten cents per 
gallon,(3 quart and 10 pint bot- 
tles to be held to contain a gal- 
lon.) 

Schedule C— Fbeb Goods. 

Worleof Art,v(»: 
' Busts— Natur. 1 size, not be- 
ing cists nor produced by 
any mere mechanical pro- 
cess. 
Cast!- as models <br the use of 

schools of design. 
Paintings— In oil, by artists of 
• well known merit, or copies 
of the old masters by snch 
artius. 
Statnes— Of Bronze, marble or 
alabaster, natural sisc. 



Nail and Spike Bod, round 

snuaro and flat. 
Rolled plateand Boiler plate. 
Wire, 
Type. 

DvriES. 

The following packages, that Is 
to say :— Bottles, Jars, Demi- 
johns, Brandy Casks, Barrels 
or Packages In which Snlrtt- 
nous Liquors, WInt s and Halt 
Liquors aro contained and Car- 
boys contalnlngSulphur cAcId, 
and all goods not enumerated 
In any of tho Schedules to this 
Act as charged with any otbcr 
duty and not declared to be 
flreo of duty, shall be charge'l 
with a duty of Customs of fif-' 
teen per centum ad valorem. 



Dmoi, Dye Bhifft, Otte and Colort 

not euewhere e-ecified, vis ; 
Acids of every descrlDtlon, 

except acetic and sulphuric 

acid and vinegar. 
Alum, 
Antimony, 
Argol, 
Bark, when ehlefly used In dye- 

ln?r. 
Barilla. 
Berries, when chiefly nied in 

dyeing. 
Borax, 



Customs— The Canaila Tariff. 



117 



Dottes, 
['Waten, % o. 

of AVlnc, 
tert con- 
It, Vor- 
berSplrt- 
lof wnat- 
,nototbeT> 
1, on every 
trensthof • 
38> Hydro- • 

In pro- 
ny grrater 

1 for every 

^*•!!". • OM 

ItB. " 1 20 

'. <* 63 



turn oA Miorem 
iflc duly of one 

itorreflnlngpnr- 
the manufacture 
Per 100 lbs. 73 
, 80 useU, twen- 
centnmod voto- 



EX. 

IpeiBkeiitaerret, 
ImU whereof arc 
'C'Cominendcd by 
Lbl I or label for 
cure of any dts- 
nt. 



Ike Bod, Tonnd 
flat. 
id Boiler plate. 



aockances, that \s 
ileB. Jars, l)cni}- 
ar Caaks. Barrels 
lln which SnWt- 
IWIm sand molt 
IntolncdandOar- 
tgSulphnr cAcld, 
Tnot enumerated 

Ichedulea to this 
with any other 
p, declared to be 
Ehall be charge;! 
If Customs offif- 

im ad Miorem. 



n. 0&* ami Color* 

Jury description, 
Ic and aulphurlc 
legar. 



ItieflyuMdlndye- 
chiefly and In 



SoHKDUut 0.— FUB Goons.— (OaniiiMMd.) 



DrtiQ$, Due Bt»ffi, <(o.— (ConUn*d) 

ll^oachlns Powilers, 

Brlmstono In roll or flonr, 

Colorj and other articles when 
imported by room-paper 
makers ani Ftalncr*. to be 
used In thelrtra'le only,vlz: 
BIchr-imato of Potash, 
B uo Black, 
British Gum, 
Oulnesoltluo, 
Lakes, scarlet and morone,ln 

P'llp, 
Paris and permanent Greens, 
Satin and line washed White, 
Ru arrf Lead, 
TTItra Marino, 
Umber, raw, 

Crram or Tartar In crystals. 

Drug', when chiefly used in 
dyclJg, 

Indlaco, 

Kelp, 

Kryollte, 

Uetallo Oxides, dry, ground or 
unground, washed or un- 
washed, not calcined, 

Nitre, 

Muts, when chiefly used in dye- 
ing. 

Ochres, dry, ground or un- 
grou' 1(1 .washed or unwashed, 
not cnlcluod, 

Oils, CUC03 iiu . pine and palm 
ill t:iclr natural state, 

Plinsphorui*, 

Bed L:a-1, dry. 

Boots. Medicinal, In their na- 
tural state, 

Sal Ammoniac, 

Sat U Ida, 

Haltpctrc, 

Soda Ash, 

Soda Caustic, 

Soda, n'trato of 

Sod i,olltcatc of 

Snlpiiur In roll or flonr, 

V triol, blue. 

Vegetables, when chiefly tised 
fjrdyeln*. 

White lead, dry, 

Whiting or Whitening, 

Wwods, when chiefly used In 
dyvltig. 

Zinc, white, dry. 
Maiui^acturet and ProdueU ttf 
ManMifaotMrf : 

Anchors. 

Ash <!>, pot, nearl and soda, 

Brt'Bd a:ia Biscuit from Great 
Britain and the B.N A. Pro- 
vinces. 

Bolting Cloth, 

Book-binders' tools and imple- 
ments. 

Brim monlds for gold beaters, 

Burrstjnrs, 

Oandl ) wick, cotton, 

OemcnS Murine, unground, 

rcmsnttUydraulic do 

Church B. 'Us, 

Clothing — donations of, for 
larltablo in stitutloni), 

rommnnloii Plate, 

Cocoa Postp, flrom Great Bri- 
tain and tuo B.N.A. Provln- 

CCS 

Coin and Bullion, except Uni- 
ted States silver cnin, 

Cotton Netting for India Bub- 
ber S'loes, 

Cotton Waste, 

Cotton Wcol, 

Praln Tllrs, 

Duck for belting and hose, 

> mcry Poper and Emory Cloth 

Elcctrotypa Blocks, for piiLt- 
tnrc puriioses. 

Farming imp'cmcnts and utcn- 
sIH when Inipnrto I by Atrrl 
cultural Societies for the en- 
courax'^mcut of Agriculture. 

Felt forllats and Boots. 

FIro Brick. 



pH 

Mac 



Fire Engines — Steam — when 
imported by thn Mnnlclpal 
Corporations of ritles,Towns 
ancl Villages, for the use of 
suchMiinlcipalltics. 
Fish Hooks, Nets and Seines, 

TJneaand Twines, 
Flax waste. 

Gla'S Paper and Glass Oloth. 
Gold Beaters' Skin. 
Gold Leaf, 

Hoop Silrt manufhcture, the 
following articles for, Crino- 
line thread for covering Cri- 
noline wire. Clasps ot'tlnand 
brass, slides, spangles and 
slotted tape, and flat or 
rouHd wire uncovered, 
Junk, 

Linen Machine Thread, 
Lithographic Stones. 
Lumber, plank and sawed, of 
mahogany, rosewood , walnnt 
cherry and chestnut, anU 
pitch pine, 
achino 8llK Twist, 
Machinery when usc'l in the 
oiislnalcoasti-uc'.lonof Mills 
orFactorlos. not to tacludo 
Steam Eiiirlncs. Boilers, 
Water WhoeU or Turbines, 
Nails,— Composition, 
Mads,- Sheathing, 
Oakum, 
Oil Cake. 

Philosophical Instruments and 
apparatus. Including Globes, 
when Imported bv, and for 
the u-o of Colleges and 
Schools, RclcntlUc or Llto- 
rar/ Societies, 
Platers' Leaf, 
PrlntluTlnk, 
Printing Presses, except port- 

ablo hand printing presses. 
Prunella, 

Plush for Hatters' use, 
Bags, 

Sand Pnper and Sand Cloth, 
Sblpa' B'nnaclo Lamps, 
" Blocks anU Patent 

Bu«hc3 for Blocks, 
" Bunting, 

" Cables, Iron Chain, over 
half cc' an inch, shackled or 
swivoled, or not. 
Ships' Compasses, 
" DoalEW, 
" Dead LlghtN 
" Deck Plugs, 
" Knees, Iron, 
" Masta or parts of. Iron, 
" Pumps and Pump-gear, 
" Riders, Iron, 
" Shacslcs, 
" Sheaves, 
" Signal Lamps, 
" Steering Apparatus, 
" Travelling Trucks, 
" Wedges, 
" Wirj Rigging, 
And the following articles, 
when used for thips or vesMls 
only. viz. : 

Cables, hemp and grass, 

Corda'j.''. 

Sail Cloth or Canvas, fh>m 

No. 1 to No. C, 
Varnish, black and bright. 
Silver L?af, 
Splko', C')n)po5Ui"n, 
Straw PI I Its, Tuscan and 

Grass, Fancy. 
Stercotypj Blocks for printing 

purposes, 
Troenills, 
Twists, ellk, fhr hats, boots, 

ana d"io:3, 
Vcnoerin:? of wood or Ivory, 
Weaving or Tram S Ik, for 

nioUIn;; elast'c webbing. 
Weaving or Tram Cotton, for 

making clnsilc wobbln?, 
Wire Cloth of brass and copper 



Woollen Netting, far India 
rubber shoes. 
Uetah: 
Brass,— Bar, Bod, Sheet, and 

Scrap, 
Cranks for SteamboaU, forged 

in the rouRh, 
Cranks for Mills, forged in the 

rough, 
Conpcr, In Pig, Bars, Rods, 
Bolts and Sheete, and 
Sheathing. 
Iron of the descriptions fol- 
lowing :— 

Scrap, Galvanized or Pig, 
Puddlcit, In Bar.«, Blooms 

and Billets, 
Bolts and Spikes, galvantised, 
Locomotlvo Engine 'Frames, 
Axles, Cranks, Hoop Iron or 
Steel for tires of wheels, bent 
and welded, 
Locomotlvo Crank Axles, Pis- 
ton Bods, Guide and Slide 
Bars, Crank Pins, Connecting 
Bods, 
Lead In Sheet or Pig, 
Litharge. 

Railroad Bars, and Frogs, 
Wrought Iron or Steel 
Cbaird. Wrought Iron or 
S eel Fish Plates, and Car 
Axles, 
Shafts for Mills and Steam- 
boats, In the rongh. 
Spelter, In blocks, E'loot or pig. 
Steel, wrought or cast In bars 

and rods. 
Steel Plates cut to any form, 

but not moulded. 
Tin, In bar, blocks, pig, or 

granulated. 
Tubes and Piping, of brass, 

copp' r, or Iron, drawn, 
TypoMot:il, In blocks or pigs. 
Wire, of brass or copper, round 

or ilat, 
Tcllow Metal, In bolts, bars, 

and for sheathing. 
Zinc, In sheets, blocks, and 
pips. 
Natural ProdHClt.' 
Bristles. 
Broom Com, 
Bulbs, 

Caoutchouc, unmannftctnred. 
Clays, 

Coal and Coke, 
Cocoa, bean and shell. 
Corkwood. 
Corkwood Bark, 
Diamonds, unset* 
Earths, 
Eggs, 
EmeryL_ 

Flour, Wheat, and Bye, 
Fibre, Mexican, 
Fibre, vegetable, for manofkc* 

turing purposes, 
Flbrilla, 

Flax, undressed, 
FIro Clay, 
Fire Wood, 

Fish, fre:h, not to tnclndo 
Oysters or Lobsters in Tins 
or Keps, 
Fish Bait, 
Furs, undressed, 
Grain of all kinds. 
Gravels, 

Groasa and Grease Scrap, 
Gum Copal, 
Gutta Percha, unmannufi*- 

tured. 
Gypsum, not ground nor cal- 
cined. 
Hair, Iluman, Goat, Angola, 
Thibet, Horse, Hog and Mo- 
hair, unmanufactured, 
Hay, 

Hemp, undressed, 
Hides, 
Hups, 
Horns, 









;•* ■' 



lis 



Customs — The Canada Tariff. 










ii' 



il^^. 



.4 



■■'Is 



It'.;*; 







SOHKDVT'E C— Fbeb O00D8.— (OmMiHwd.) 



lateral IVodtMto.— (Continued.) 

Indian Corn, 

Indian Meal, 

India Bubber, unmanufactured 

Manilla Grass, 

Manures, 

Uarbie In blocks unwroaglit, 
or sawn on two sides only, or 
Blabs sawn from such blocks, 
havlnft at least two edges un- 
wrought. 

Moss for Upholster/ purposes. 

Or s of metals of all kinds, 

Osiers, ^ 

Pelts. 

Pipe clay, 

Pitch, 

Plants, 



Apparel, wearing of British Sub- 
jects dying abroad, but domi- 
ciled In Canada. 

Articles by and for the use of the 
Governor General. 

Articles for the public uses of the 
Dominion. 



Plaster of Paris not ground nor 
calcined, 

Precious Stones, unset, 

Batan for chair makers. 

Boots, 

Bosln, 

Salt. 

Sand, 

Sea Gross, 

Seeds for agricultural, horticul- 
tural or mannfauturlng pur- 
poses. 

Shrubs, 

Skln» undressed. 

Slate, 

Stone, unwrought. 

Tails, undressed. 

Tanners' Bark. 

Special Exemption froh I>vtt, 

Articles for the use of Foreign 

Consuls General. 
Arin> i.„a Navy, for the use of,— 

Arms, 

Clothing, 

Muslcil Instruments for Bands, 

Military stores. 



TampUo, white and black, 
Tar, 

Tobacco unmanufikctured, 
Tow undressed, 

VrC68 

Turpentine, other than spirits 
of 

Vegetables, culinary, 

Vegetable Fibres, 

Wlialo Oil, In the cosksflrom on 
Slilp-board and In the condi- 
tion Id which It was first land- 
ed. 

Willow for basket makers. 

Wood of all kinds, wholly un- 
manufactured. 

Wool. 



Settlers' ECnecta of every descrip- 
tion. In actual use, notbc-ini; 
merchandise, brought by per- 
sons making oath that tncy 
Intend becoming permanent 
settlers within the Dominion. 



UnDEB BEOULATIONS and BESTB7.CTION8 TO BE PbESCBIBED BT TBE MINISTBB Of CO8TOII8. 



Carriages of travellers and car- 
riages laden with merchaudlso 
an J not to Include circus troops 
hawkers. 

Locomotives and railway passen- 



The following goods when the 
growth and produce of any of 
the British North American 
Provinces, may be Imported 
free of duty, viz : 

Animals of all kinds. 

Fresh, smoked and salted Meats. 

Green and Dried Fruits. 

The following articles shall be 
prohibited to bo Imported un- 
der a penalty of two hun Jred 
dollars together with the forfei- 
ture of the parcel or package of 



gcr, bai^gage and Freight cars, 
mnning upon any line of road 
crossing the (Vontler.so long as 
Canadian Locomotives and 
cars are admitted frco under 

Schedule D. 
Fish of all kinds. 
Products of ash and of all other 

creatures living In water. 
Poultry. 
Butter. 
Cheese. 
Lard. 

SCBBDVLB B. 

goods In which the same may 
be found, viz : 

Books, Printed Papers, Draw- 
ings, Paintings, Prints, and 



similar circumstances in the 
United States, 

Menageries, horses, cattle, car- 
riages and harnesses qf. 

Travellers* baggage. 



Tallow. 

Timber and lumber of all kinds, 
round, hewed, sawed, but not 
otherwise manufactured In 
whole or In part. 

Fish Oil, 

Gypsum, ground or nngronnd. 



Photographs, of a treasonable 
or seditious, or of an immoral or 
Indecent character. 
Coin, base or counterfeit. 



Schedule F.— Expobt Duties. 

Shingle Bolts • per cord of )23 Cubic Feet. $1.00 I ftpruce Logs - 
Stave BolU - • ' " '* 1.00 Pine Logs - - 

Oak Logs perM. 2,00 1 



perM. $1.00 
" ^ 1.00 



Miscellaneous Pbotisions. 

The following provisions are found in the Customs Act :— 

The duty of fifteen per cent, ad valorem is payable on all goods not charged with any other dnty 
and not declared free of duty. 

The value for duty on which the ad valorem duties Imposed upon sugar, molasses, melado, symp of 
sugar or sugar cane, syrup of molasses or of sorghum, concentrated melado or concentrated molasses, 
and sugar candy, shall be calculated and taken, shall Includo the value of the packages containing the 
same, and the sblppln.; and other charges on such ortlcles and the volue for duty shall be the valuo of 
the goods "free on board" at the place or port whence last exported direct to Canada; and the 
Governor In Council shall hare power do declare what charges shall bo Included In such value so 
defined ; and the Governor In Council shall have power to Interpret, limit or extend the meaning of the 
conditions upon which It is provided In Schedule C that any article may bo Imported free of duty for 
special purposes or for particular objects or interests ; and to make regulations either for declaring or 
defining what cosss shall come within the conditions of the said Schedule, and to what objects or 
Interests of an analogous nature the same shall apply and extend, and to direct the payment or non- 
payment of duty In any such case, or the remission thereof by way of drawback if such duty has been 
paid. 

Any other articles than those mentioned In Schedule D, being of the growth and produce of any of 
the British North American Provinces, may be specially exempted from Customs duty by order of the 
Governor in Council. 

Any or all of the articles mentioned In Schedule D, when the growth and produce of the United 
States of America, may be imported into Canada from the said United States ft'ee of duty, or at a less 
rate of duty than Is provldea in the said Schedule, upon Proclamation of the Governor in Council, 
whenever the United States shall provide for the importation of similar articles from Canada Into that 
country, free of duty, or at a less rate of duty than is now imposed on the importation flrom Canada of 
such articles Into the United States. 

< Packages of every description in which goods are usually Imported, and cases covering casks of 
wine or brandy in wood, and cases containing bottled wine or bottled spirits, or other llauors, shall be 
free, except only bottles. Jars, dem^ohns, brandy casks, barrels, or other packages in which spirituous 
liquors, wines, and malt liquors are contained, and carboys containing snlphuric acid. 

The Governor in Council may, under Bogulatlons to be made fbr that purpose, allow, on the 
exportation of goods which have been Imported into Canada, and on which the duty of Customs has 
been paid, a drawback equal to tl:3 duty so paid ; and In cases to be mentioned In such Regulations 
and subject to such provisions a^ may be therein made, such drawback may be allowed on duty paid 
goods, manufactured or wrought in Canada, Into goods exported therefrom as aforesaid, and the period 
within which such drawback may be allowed after the time when the duty was paid shall be limited in 
such Begulations. 



The Newfoundland Tariff. 



ira 



Ld black, 
actured, 



than spirits 

iry, 

casks from on 
In the comU- 
wttsarstland- 

t makers, 
s, wholly un- 



ovory descrlp- 
ISC, notbi-lriK 
ought by per- 
itti that they 
IS permanent 
the Dominion. 

CVBTOMB. 

itances In the 

>s. cattle, car- 1 
isses qf. 



ler of all kinds, 
sawed, hut not 
aufiactur^ In 

or nngronnd. 



% treasonable 
r an immoral or 
ir. 
unterfelt. 



. perM. ILOO 



any other duty 

piolado, syrup of 
[rated molasses, 
\ containing the 
I be the value of 
Lnada; and the 
\ such value so 
[meaning of the 
1 free of duty for 

for declorlng or 
nrhat objects or 
layinent or non- 

. duty has been 

oduco of any of 
I by order of the 

,j of the United 
luty, or at a less 
[nor m Oounctl, 
lanada Into that 
Iftom Oanada of 



Iverlng casks of 
llauors. shall be 
IrMch spirituous | 

-, allow, on the 
lof Customs has 
Ich Begulatlons 
led on duty paid 
1, and the period 
lall be limited In 



THE NEWFOUNDLAND TARIFF. 



toMti JIfarcb U, 13C8. (31 Vic, Cap. 1.) 



l.-No. 1.- 
each $2 30 



2i 
5 011 
10 
030 

200 

60 

10 

1 12 

1 m 

01 

2 64 
003 

25 

3 50 

05 

1 32 

41 
004 

500 

1 00 
006 
020 

15 

1 00 
020 
40 



Section 

Animals, viz : Horses, mares, Slc. 

Sheep, pigs and calves, ru'jh 

Oxen and cows- • the $100 

Ale, porter, elder and perry - • ihe gallon 

Apples ...-. the barre 

Bacod, hams, tongues, smoked beef, 

and sausaees the cwt. 

Beef ani pig's heads (sailed and 

cured) the barrel of 200 lbs. 

Biscuit or bread -..---- the cwt. 

Butter ----- the Cwt. 

Cheese -•----.-... the cwt. 
Chocolate and Cocoa ■•-.-• the )b. 
Cigars, 6 per cent, ad valortm, and • the M. 
Coffee -----.-..... the lb. 
Coals, Imported or brought Into the 

port of St. John's the ton 

Confectionery --------the cwt. 

feathers and feather beds • • . the lb. 
Fish (salted, dried and pickled) - tho cwt. 

Flour the barrel 

Fruit (dried) the lb. 

" other descriptions (except ap- 
ples thetlOO 

Lamber theM 

Molasses the gallon 

Oatmeal -... the barrel 

Indian Meal and Peas - - • • the barrel 

Pork the barrel of 20O lbs. 

Salt the ton 

Shingles theM. 

Shocks and Staves (manufactured 

and dressed) the $100 20 00 

Brandy or other Spirits, not herein 
defined or enumerated, and not 
exceeding the strength of proof by 
Sykes's Hydrometer and so In pro- 
portion for any greater strength 
than the strength of proof • - the gallon 

All other Spirits, oi greater strength than 
forty three over proof, shall be deemed to 
to be undefined spirits, and subject tu duty 
accordingly. 
lOln and Sum, not exceeding the 
I strength of proof by Sykes's Hy- 
drometer, and so in proportion for 
any greater strength than the 
strength of proof the gallon 

Whlskny, not exceeding the strength 
of proof by Sykes's Hydrometer, 
and so In proportion for any greater 
strength than the strength of 

„proof the gallon 

Cordials, Shrub and other Spirits, 
being sweetened or mixed, so that 
the degree of strength cannot be 
ascertained as aforesaid • • the gallon 

Sugar— Loaf and Beflned - - - the cwt. 

Unrefined .--..- the cwt. 

" „ BasUrd the cwt. 

Tea— Souchong, Congou and Bohea, the lb. 
" All other sorts the lb. 

Tobacco— Manufactured the lb. 

;; Leaf the lb. 

Stems the cwt. 

Timber the ton 

Vinegar the gallon 



1 30 



70 



oso 



060 
3 60 
200 
250 
10 
• 12 
12 
10 
50 
0.30 
10 



TTtMM, via.: 



Champagne - - 
Port, Madeira, 
gurdy - - - 



Heck and 



- the gallon 
Bur- 

- the gallon 



1 60 
1 10 



$0 72 

030 
060 

2i00 
2010 

2oro 

20 00 
20 00 

20 00 

13 00 
500 



the $100 8 OO 



-Tablk or Duties. 

Sherry, 12>^ per cent, ad valorem, 
and; -- the gallon 

Spanbh Red, Denla, Sicilian, Fi- 
gueira Itcd, Lisbon Oomnion, Man- 
zanlllu, Cane, Malaga, & Clarcc, the gallon 

All other Wines 12/^ per cent, ad 
valorem, and ------ J the gallon 

Beaily-niade Clothes, viz., Coats, 
Jackets, Trowsers, and Waist- 
coats the $100 

Stockings, Shirts and Drawers (made 
by hand and not woven) - - - the $100 

Mantles, Dresses, Cloaks, Sacks, 
Boots and Shoes the $100 

Candles the $100 

Manufactures of Wood (except Cabi- 
net Wares, Musical Instruments, 
and Agricultural Implements,) - the $100 

Empty Casks of all kinds, not con- 
taining Merchandize,— Including 
Fish Boxes and returned Casks - the $100 

Packages In which Dry Goods rrc 
Imported the $100 

Fresh Meat and Poultry - - - - the $100 

Anchors and Chain Cables, Cipper^ 
and Composition Metal for 
Shlps.vlz.. Bar, Bolt and Sheath- 
ing 

Nails 

Iron, viz., Bar, Bolt, Sheathing, 
and Sheet 

Wrought Nails 

Cordage and Hemp Cobles - - - 

Oakum 

Canvas 

Corks and Corkwood - - - - 

Pitch, Tar, Rosin - 

Raw Turpentine 

Fis Ing Tackle 

Masts and Spars 

Staves, undressed 

Oats. Rice, Indian Corn, Bran - 

Medicines ----, 

Goods, Wares and Merchandize, not 
otherwise enurneroted, described 
or charged with duty in this Act, 
and not otherwise exempt - - the $100 

Local DUtillation. 

Brandy, not exceeding the strength 

of proof by Sykes's Hydrometer, 

and so In proportion for any greater 

strength than the strength of 

proof the gallon 81 

Gin, not exceeding the strength of 

proof by Sykes's Hydrometer, and 

so in proportion for any greater 

strength than the strength ot 

proof -- the gallon 89 

Whiskey, not exceeding tho strength 

of proof by Sykes's Hydrometer, 

and so In proportion for any grreater 

strength than tho strength of 

proof the gallon 71 

Rum, not exceeding the strength of 

proof by Sykes's Hydrometer, and 

so in proportion for any greater 

strength than the strength of 

proof; the gallon 63 

And a fbrther and additional duty at the rate 
of, and equal to. Twenty Dollars upon every One 
Huniired Dollars of the Duties to be levied, col- 
looted and paid on the several articles in the afore- 
said table of duties, except on Local Distillation, 
and on Coals. 



13 OO 



;jv I . 



Seotioh II.— All articles In the following table shall be exempt fro -n any duty, viz.:— 

No. 2.— Table of Exemptions. 

Works of Art— viz., Enaravings, Paintings and 



PrlntlngPresse8,Prlntlng Paper (Royal .ind Demy) 
Printing Types and all other Printing Materials. 
Printe 1 Books and Pamphlets, Maps and Charts. 
Coin c nl Bullion, Hemp, Flax, Tow. 
Fresh Tlsh, Bait. 
Wheat, 



Plants, Trees, Shnibs. 
Unmanufactured Wool. BawOottpn. 
Specimens illustrative of Natural History. 



Statuary not Intended for sale. 
Articles Imported for religious purposes, and not 

Intended fOr sale. 
Manures of all kinds. 
Arms, Clothing and Provisions for Her Malesty'a 

Land and Sea Forces. 
Passengers' Baggage, Household Furnltnre, and 

Working Tools and Implements, used and In the 

use of persons arriving la the Island. 









' - . : :JJi 



11 



M' 



p^'- 



120 



7^ Tariff of British Columbia. 






» ) 



* *;' 















tm 









1. 






JteAiM Bice, Seeds f> r Agrtcultanl purpoMi. 

Veffctablcaofail sorts. 

Bides or pieces of Htdos, not. turned, curried or 
dreised. 

Coals (when not Imported or brongtit into the Port 
or St. John's.) 

Articles of every description Impcrted fi>r the use 
01 the Governor. 

Sanations ot Clotbins spcclal*y Imported'for dis- 
tribution gratuitously by any chailtoble society. 

Ootton Tarn. 

PiKlron, Coke. 

Bark for Tanning Leather. 

Bainhuiic Acid, when used for the manufacture of 
Manure. 

There shall he a Drawback of Twenty-two cents allowed on every Hundred Weight of Biscuit 
manufact'^rcd In this Colony, ft-om Flour the duty on which shall have been char cable anil paid; 
Provided that every person claimlni; such Drawback shall deliver t« the Bccelvcr-Ocncra), Auistant 
orSub-Ooliector, or other proper Ofllcer of Her Majesty's CustomK.an account of the BIscutt baked; 
and Khali annex thereto an affidavit, made before tho Becolver-Oeneral, Aiwlstant or Sub-Collector of 
Her MiUcsty's Customs, tiiai tho full duties on the Flour front which ^aiU Biscuit has b( en manifac-' 
turcl, where paid, an i by whom, toRcthcr with the name of the CRtar'Hshment where such Biscuit was 
baked— whereupon sucli person shall be entitled to receive tho Drawback a'lowed by this Act: 
ProviJed that i o Drawbac - shall bo payable on any quantity of Biscuit, tho Drawback in respect 
wliereof would not amount to Twelve Dollars, nor on any Biscuit manufaclured flrom Flour the duty 
oa which has been secured by bond and not actually patu. 

There shall be allowed a Drawback in lieu of any duties that may have been paid on materials for 
ahipbulldlnfc ; which Drawback shall be computed at the rate of one dollar per ton on every ship or 
reaeel newly built, from the kcl, In this Colony ; which Drawback shall bo paid by tho KereTvcr 
General or Assltoiit Collector when such vessel shall have been regls'ercd according to law In this 
Colony.— The Drawback payabla under this section shall bo pa5 able to tho person or persons for whom 
such vessel as aforesaUl shall have b3en built, or to such porson or persons duly authorized by him or 
them to receive the same, when any such vessel has been registered as required aforesaid. 



Materials for Sheathing the bottoms of Vessel*, 
such a> Zinc, Copper and Composition-metal, 
together with MallD, Paper or Felt, which may 
bo used under thn same, shall be tree and exempt 
from duty when imported in the vessel on whlib 
they are intended to bo used, and entere<l as 
Sbip'sStorcs; such Sheathing and Hattrials to 
be so used l>eft>ro the ship again leaves port, or 
the same thall be eutered for duty in the ordinary 

_way. 

Twines to b« nied in manuflwturlnf Nets in this 
Colony. 

Dye Stufflk 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 



The following is the Tariff of British Columbia on Imported goods. Theco is now no duty on 
exports— that on gold having been repcatL>d In lii63. 

(Aiented to, March 25lh, 1867.) 



Ale ft Porter, In 

wood - • - - 

Do. In hot. 

Bacon and Hams 

Barlpy,Oats,Mult 

& Field Peas - 

Beans and Split 

Poas - . - - 

Bitters . - - - 

Butter - . . - 

Candies- - • - 

Cheese - . - - 

Cider 

Cigars . • • . 

Coal 

CoUbe, raw - • 
Do. manufac'd 
■ggs - • • , - 
Viour - . . - 
Vresh Fruits, viz: 
Apples, Pears, 
Plums. Cher- 
ries, Currantii, 
Baspberries, 
Strawberries, ft 
Cktoseberriea - 



l/ic. p. gat. 
SOc.p. doz.,qts 
4c. p. lb. 

30c. p. 100 lbs. 

Ic. p. lb. 
$1 50 p. gal. 
10c. p. lb. 

6c. p. lb. 

5c. p. lb. 
iSc. p. gal. 
t2p. 100, 2c.ea 
tUta p. tun. 

,3c. p. 11). 

6c p. lb. 
12>i c. p. dox. 
|l.SO per bbl. 



lo, p. lb. 



SPECIFIC DVTII8. 

Gunpowder, 
sporllng - - - 6c p. lb. 
Do. blasting 3c. p. lb. 

Hay - - - - $1 p. ton. 

turd - - - - - 5c. p. lb. 

Lime SOc. p. bbl. 

Lumber :— 
BouRh llr and 93 p. 1000 ftet. 

cedar - - - 
Dressed, acL tS " " 
Shingles- - -tl " 
Fence Pickets -ta " " 
Lath*. - - -tl " 

Livestock:— 
Horses ft Mules |2 p. head. 
Beef Cattle - - fa " 
Milch Cows- - *2 " 
Sheep ft Goats • 75c. " 
Hoss - *- •■ 



Potatoes - • 
Bice • - - - 
8u (jar, raw- - 

Do refined 
Spirits:— 

Brandy • - 



• %e. p. lb. 

- l>^c. p. lb. 

• 2c. p. lb. 

- 2H(i. p. lb. 

- te p. gal., ac- 

cor'g to proof 



Gin, Whisky, 

Bum • - - 

All other klndb 

Tea 

Tobacco - - - 
Vegetables, viz: 
Onions - - - - 
Other kinds, fr'sh 
Wheat - - - . 
Wines, via: 
Champagne ft 

Moselle 
China, medi- 
cated - - - 
California red 
and white - 
Claret- - - - 
Port, Sherry, ft 
all other de- 
scriptions - 
Bran and Shorts 
Buckwheat - - 
Oatmeal - - - 
Commeal - - - 

Hops 

Shot 



t2 p. gal., do. 
$2 '* 

12>^c. p. lb. 
25c. p. lb. 

2 \ p. lb. 
Ic. p. lb. 
39c. p. 100 lbs. 



t3 p. doz. (qts.) 

81.50 p. gal. 

2Sc. p. gal. 
2^c. p. gal. 



75e. p. gal. 
25c. p. lOO lbs. 

Ic. p. lb. 

Ic. p. lb. 

>ic. p lb. 
10c. p. lb. 

2c. p. lb. 



Per cent. 

Axes 15 

Beef, salt - • • • lo 

nil lard ft Bagatello Tables 12>^ 

Blankets - ... 20 

Boots and Shoes - • 20 

Bread 20 

Cards, playing - - - 50 

Chocolate - - - - 2* 

Clothing, ready made • 13 

Confbctlonery . . - 30 

Drngs, medicines • • 20 

Dry Goods .... i2>^ 

Earthenware ... \2i^ 

Ti^h,presQrvcd;driedftsalt 15 

Fire Arms .... un 

Frult'^, preserved A dried I2>^ 

Furniture - - - • 15 

Glass and Ohisswaro - - 12I< 

Groceries .... 12^ 



AD TALOXEH DUTIES. 

Per cent. 

Hardware ft Ironmongery 12>^ 

Harness ft Saddlery • - 20 

Hemp Canvas ... 2H 
Leather- - - » '15 

Jewellery .... 20 

Machinery - . • - 10 

Matches - - • - 12M 

Meat, preserved ... I2>i 

Do. fresh ... 20 

Molasses .... I2)i 

N-ils Wi 

Nuts and Almonds • • 12H 

Oils 15 

Opium 25 

Paints .... 10 

Pork salt .... 10 

Plants, trees, and shrubs 12^ 

Poultry, dead and alive - 23 

Quicksilver - - • W 



Per cent. 

Bope, Cordage and Twine 5 

Soap y> 

Stationery - - - - 12^ 

Tinware • • - . 25 

Vegetables preserved ftsalt 10 

Waggons, Carriages • 20 

Trunks J2Ji 

Watches and Clocks - I2>^ 

Window Sashes and Doors 20 
Shin bnild'g materials, vh : 

Manufactured Sails - - 20 

Cotton Canvas . • 6 

Wooden ware • - - 12)i 

Yeast Powders - - Viki 
All other articles not ennv 
merated in either of the 
above lUts, nor in the 
following V ■ of free 

goods ..... I2>i 



tomB of Veuel*, 
mpodtlon-iuetal, 
Velt, which may 
sirce ana exempt 
) ve<wl on whlib 
and entere<l as 
ind Uattrlals to 
In leaves port, or 
yin the ordinary 

ring Nets In thla 



^elght of Biscuit 
'.able ana paid ; 
cncral, Awfatant 
) Biscuit baked; 
Sub-Collector of 
isb<'entnan'ifac-< 
such Biscuit was 
cd by this Act: 
rback in rcspeit 
1 Flour the duty 



[ on materials for 
on every ship or 
by the Rcrelvcr 
ngtolaw ]:i this 
lersons for whom 
crlzcd by him or 
said. 



now no duty on 



• 92 p. sal., do. 
b $2 « " 

- 12>^c. p. lb. 

- 25c. p. lb. 

- 2 '.p. lb. 
1 Ic. p. lb. 

• 39c. p. 100 lbs. 

t 

• t3 p. doz. (qts.) 

Sl.90 p. gal. 

29c. p. gal. 
2vC. p. gai. 

- 75c. p. gal. 

a 25c. p. 100 lbs. 

Ic. p. lb. 

ic. p. lb. 

He. p lb. 

- 10c. p. lb. 
2c. p. lb. 



Per 

and Twine 



^rved ftsolt 
lages 

locks 

and Doors 
ertalB, vli : 
Sails • - 



s not enuk 
;ber of the 
lor In the 
of free 



cent. 

5 

V> 

12M 

25 

10 

20 

12^ 

20 

20 

6 

i2^ 



- \2^ 






Tariffi of Customs Duties . 



121 



TARIFFS. 



»•■ 



CUDA. 

M piiaM a» iMgth In ike reor^Ml- for I8U. 

St. TMOiiAa, 
./>!■(*— IJV per eml «d all lamitt. Art OkaroM— For ilngla or donU* daek, lja«rip«i or Brttisli Teasalst 

airlTiDg and departing In ballaatilLUS for uy length of tima I Iftf ... _ . 

MiS37.74; fromMtothoentireoargo. S-y.!!) th} whole per " 
orborkt %\M tot a brigir bricaaUaai t0.in f or a top oail 

TniXIDAD. 
Amuat, 1888, 



' iingio or ooDDia oaoK, Amarmn or arnian Teaaaia« 
• I If diaeharglns lasa than M cargo, t*\/itj from H to 
r 101 tona ra^uier, and a VJrt (oo of gS.XJ for a uip 
I lehoonar { f0,ftJ for other aehoonera or aleopa. 



Artldaa. 



AIowlTea. 

Ala 

Beef, Family 

Broad,PUot. 

Beer 

Batter 

Bricka 

Oandloa, Tallow. . 

Cbaaao 

Com, Yellow 

Com M al 

Ooali,8ootcfa 

" Loose 

Floor 

FiahiOod 

Hama 

HerTlnga,8a]t.... 
" Smoked 

Horaea 

Ho-jpa, Wood..... 
•'^Iron...... 

Laid 

Lumber, Fine A 8p. 



Doty. 



teper bbl 

1149 per 64 gait... 
SiporhaUbbl.... 

(Sopor bbl 

Itopor dot 

'0 per lb 

ItoporH 

i.'o por 100 Iba 

He " " 

I '0 per bag 

tloperbbf 

i4eperhhd 

Ho por ton 

•I.Wpor bbl 

$1.10 per 100 Ibt... 

loporlb 

tt'opcrbbl 

ItoperlOO Ibt 

•MJoaeh 

SHperet. ad. vol. 



BOo por ion Ibt . 
$1.60 per U. 



Wharfage Do^. 



SOopcrbbl. 
36oi)or64gaIt. 
lie p r half bbl. 
9o|)orbbl. 
IZoperbbl. 
tcp.kogorSop.flrk 
48c por M. 
Ito per 100 Ibi. 
Ito " " 
3c per both, 
go por bbl. 
4Sc por hhd. 
48c por ton. 
3c par bbl. 
So per im lbs. 
.40 " '• 
OoporbbL 
2c por box. 
6!e por heiid. 
ic per bundle. 
20 " 
2o per keg. 
48o par M. 



Articlet. 



Lime, BuUdlog 

5fi.loi 

Uackerel 

Matohoi 

Oat* 

OlI.Ollvo 

Ull, Petroleum 

OU, Mool 

Onlont 

Pork, moot rroloor, 

Porter 

Peat 

I'otatoea 

Rico 

Shingle 

st:iTci 

3hooka 



Ms por hhd... 
84.8no.cach.. 
aOo. porbbl... 
S'^clpor grata, 
teporbuih. 



Sugar, nofinod.. 
^' CruihoU.. 

Soap 

Slatoa 

Toboooo, Loaf... 
Vinegar 



Daty. 



3)i P^ ci- por gal. 
3H 



^ por cent 

3Hp. 0. adval... 
Ijw II II 

SJper bbl '.'.'. 

ti.40parhhd 

opor bag 

48oi;erliUlba.... 
3>ip c.ad.Tol... 

J4aper M 

SI 40 per M 

'2a each 

iii.40pcrlC01ba... 
iJ.H " '• 
.40 " •' 
m p. c. nd. Tol. . 

39 por 103 lb 

3H per cent 



Whailige Dues. 



■ -0 por Uid. 
iOo por hoad. 
Ic por bbL 
Wo por hhd. 
!0o iwr pun. 
opor 001. 
)o por bbl. 
)6o per pun. 
.cpor lUiIba. 
I2c. per bbl. 
:6a por hhd. 
'x) pur bog. 
!c per bbl. 
ito por tioroa 
'!> per M. 
180 " 

:c per bundle. 
^o por pun. 
20 porbbl. 
1 20 per 103 Iba. 
i'oporM. 
51.44 par hhd. 
Jo por bbl. 



rart CAon/et.— Vouola 50 torn and upwarda, 80.41 per ton. No tonnage dues on retacli entering and clearing in 
faallatt.— Zt0A<ier* per day, 83.00. Spiritt cannot bo imported in a-veks of lots than 2 1 gallona each i Domijohos, 
S gallona each ; CaMi, l>^gaUona each— all Imperial Mooiaro, and in Toatelt not leta than 20 tona. 

POTY ax EXPOnXB. 

Avar.— 3i. itg. per hhd., li. per tieroe, 6d. per bbl. JfoloMet.— la. ttg. per pun., Od. per tleroe. Bumr-M. per 
pan. IJqtfiK.— Od. per 110 Ibt. Uoooa.— 7)id. per 130 Ibt. 

Babbadoks. 

Augiitt, 18(8. 
(K.B.— Ttrenty pereent. ia added to thla Tariff from Itt AprQ, 1808). 



Ale lOOo.porhhd. 

Alewiroa. 8o. per bbl. 

Beef 81 per 100 Ibt. 

Brood lOo. per IOO Iba. 

Bnmdy aocpergal. 

Brioka SUo.porl.DCO. 

Batter 81 .«» per IOO Ibt 

Caadtat ..81.00 " 

Craeken IOo. " 

Com Heal Mc.perbbl. 

Com, fellow So. porbuah. 

Charcoal Free. 

Oheaaa Sl.tOperlOOlbt 

Coal aOaperton. 

Codflsh 4c. perils Iba. 

150. per 100 Ibt. 

JOe. •• 



Flour 940. per bbL' 

Hams SiperiUulbt. 

Hay Froa. 

Horrlngt 8o. per bbl. 

Honoa 88por head. 

Hoopi,Wood 600. per 1,100. 

LardT. JOc.per SCO Ibt, 

Lumber ftOo. per 1,0 0, 

Hatchet gOo. per grott. 

Haokeiel 8o. per bbl. 

Huloa •< per head. 

Oatt So. per both. 

Oil, Keroiine 4o. pergal. 

Oil, Heal ta.perJ00. 

Oniona Free. 

Patent Fuel aOo. per ton. 

Peat icperbaah. 



Pork SIperlOOlbs. 

Porter 81 per hhd. 

otatooii Free. 

Rico. luc. por IOO Ibe. 

Salmon 8o, por lb. 

.shlnglee, W. and U. . . 50c. por H. 
" other kindt. Ijo. per U. 

Soap Uc.per I'iOlbs. 

Stnvea 60a. perH. 

Sugar : 

BeOned $1 .80 per 100 Us 

Baw Uutcorado.. & 'c. " 

All other klnda .. 81.10 " 

Tobacco 5c. per lb. 

Wood, Fire Free. 



atwMpi Dues— Me. per ton. If only halt the raloe of 
the eorgo ia landed, or only ono fourth, the tonnage it 
paid iu inoh pcoportioni only, but It more than half the 
value of the eorgo ia discharged, then the whole tonnage 
most be p^d. 
■aid in such p r op or t ions only i but if more than half of the 

Jibes-Oohmlal Seetetary't, 83 ; Harbor Haater't, 8S. 
▼eaaala ealliag oft the Port to try the market or aeek a 
freli^t. only pi^ a fee of 8t to the Boarding Officer. Mo 
pilotage and wharfage duet. 

-^^- — On SUTet, 6?e. per 1,000 ptecea. On 

So. I 10 iooh, 8c. I It inch, 15e. ; Wallaba. 
Loote. IOo. per U. On Uolaatot. 16c, and 



ZSwerage.- 
Small Shingles, 3 



lOe. per H., and Iwuvv, aw. iwr u* vu mt.vimoavo, awM, wi.v 

Bom f)o. perpon. Sugar per bbl., 4c. ; per hhd., S5o, 
Breaditaib.lWo.perbbT., and FroTltiona ll><o.perbbl 
Lighten per load, 8*. 
^aOoM.— Sana,8uo. 8toM^ $1.10 per ton. 

• POBTO 



Labor,— 90o to SI per day. Vorhooling up Lamben 
White Pino, He., ICo , and Pitch Ptaie. *Je. per M. Uhor* 
flngert oliariro : For reoelring White Pino, Ae., lOa, 
Pitch rhie, IJo. per U. Shingles, l>jo. per U.,Loeee, do.. 
So. per M., and Starot, lie. per If. 

IFater.— 65a perpun., put alongtide. 

Harbor Poliot fee— Voitels not exceedhig 100 tons, M | 
exoeedlngllO tent and not ozaooding 100 tona, 81.50 1 ez< 
oeedlng iOO torn, and not ozooedlng 30 J tone, 48.00 ; p.. 
oeedin 1(300 tout, gt.'iO. Tetteli arrlring and departlag 
within t wenty>fonr hoars are not liable t» thia fee. 

Trade ./fUoioaaea— Lumber, Stavoa and Shingloa are 
aliraya aold ptyablo by promiaiory note at throe months. 
Allowanoe for Splits on Pitch Pino, S>{ peroont. diaeount ; 
on White and Sprooe Pine, A per cent., and on SeontUag, 
t}i per cent. 

(See rtar Book for IMS.) 
Bioo. 
aa last year, ezespt as under the following :— 

Artkktdiiiartdbg BoyalDurteflw <tf impart dutUs in the tAmd<t/Purlofib!o,«UhotdexeqfUm orflrom 

tehenet imported, jyomMJoHuary, itM.vi*:— 

Table OU, Biee, Oodflih, Hamt and Shoulders, Spaniah Peia, Oraint, Tegetab'ea and Seeds, like Oata Bye, Cora, 
Peaa and Beans of all kinds, and other artlolet of similar dotorlption ; Flnur nnd Corealt, Oarlio, Onions, Potateea 
and timilar articles. Lord and Butter ; dried, taltod, imokod and pickled Flih, Salted Sardinei, Jerked Beat ; Ueta, 
Prime and dry aaltad Pork, Wheat, Salted and Smoked Boot, Uutton and Pork, Arrowroot and similar f oe^ulaa ; LIto 
Cattle, Oowi, Aaaet, Boracs, Hales, Shoop, Hogi ; Troet, Plants and Seodt, Hinornl Coal and Charcoal, Lire Fias, 
Ouano, and other natural or artiaetalmnnurciaad compotlti, Uachinory and all kinds of mechanical apporotna or 
Instrametts for agricultural pnrpeeoa, Uachinory or apparatui for the otpcelal cuUiratl ^n, coLootion, &o., of Coooo, 
CofCee, and Cotton ; Uaehtnery f -r boring artesian wollt. Hills for clewing Bice and shelling Cora ; White Spmse 
end Pitch Pine, Lumbar, Shingles, Woodon Houaos and nails for same. 

Eight m3ntha' notice to bo given boforo any alteration can bo mado In this schedule. 

ArtCKorgss at i^»Me,i>.i7.—Tonnsge,8t per ton. Anehorags, 81, Harboar Uastor'a Foes, 88. Pilotage, 8I& 
lateiprelar'a res, 8S. Doctor's Fee, 83. visit Boat Feo, 83. Cast:msFoot,81. Stamped Paper, 88. 



122 



Tariffs of Customs Dutm, 



K'*-. 



fv*;. 



r!*'»t 



OiodlM, iperm loperlb. 

" 8to»rlno....»o •• 

Co*] Free. 

FUh— Cod..... loporlb. 

" Horrings tl.Sjperbbl. 

FlourandMoid tl.OO " 

Onln— Com 7oporbui. 

" Wheat .Mo " 

iVote.— The export duty on Wine ia abollihod. 
Mtiolei. 



MADliaA. 

Lamber, acoordlnfr to 

■Ua, about 91 perU. 

Stares, plpo, acnirUlng 

to thickness, (rom..B to aSo p«r 100, 
MoliM9;-ii, Syrup, and 

Trour-lo 8>.<1por lOllba 

Oil— Llnaood lUo per gal. 

Sperm lOo " 

Fotroleunt SS.iOp.lOOklln*. 



Prevlitoni-IlMf, fork 

nnd tiitrdlopwlbi 
lliiiwi lo " 



losp. . 

luifnr-Mu (lovmlii... 

lldllnml 

TubMan— Oh wlnii... 

" Loaf 

Cliritrii 



20 " 
.So " 
fin " 

il.io porkilo. 
ll.:0 "• 
.(I " 



There ii a imaU export dut/ of »buu( I |i«r outit. on wma otkat 



Antioua. 



(AuKUit, 1868.) 



M.B.— SS per cent. It add^d to the Tariff glren below. 



Ale $2.40 per hhd. 

AlewWe* Ma per bbl , 

Beef $4 " 

Broad 48oper lOOlbi. 

Brioka tIporM. 

Batter leper lb. 

Candloi 3o " 

Cheeae 2o " 

Ooal H p. ct. ad. val. 

CodSah lie per llllbs. 

Com ...So tier boa. 

Com Heal 43e per bbl. 

Oraoker 48o per lOn Ibi. 

Harbor Matters' Fea.—9\M for a retsol of 60 tone, 
mnnlnvnp to (7.68 for one of 30') tona, and upwarda, 

J'Ort Cmirgea.— Tonnage rate, 40a. per ton each tltne of 
entry. 

Do. — (exi>ort duty)— S'^gar per hhd., ROo. ; per 
tieroe, 54e. ; per barrel, lOe. 

HotpittU ZJuea.— 6o. per ton^Cif above 60 tona) ereiy 

Z^Uerage.—tte. per load, (14 barrel! breaditnlta, 10 
barreli proTlalona, &0 buahela of com.) 



Flour SI.SO per bbl, 

llama 8o p-.r lb. 

Qorrlnga 4Scparhbl. 

Huraos S7. 10 per h nod . 

Hoops, wood Sl.20por H. 

Laril 'Jo per 1 b. 

Lumber— W.P 9i per M. 

Spruce.. ..$2 " 

" V.P $3 " 

Moekerel 48c per bbl. 

Uatehea C p. ct. od, 

Oil IZepergol 

OU, Heal 2ttoperT031bi. 



TOl. 



01), Kerotann flu per lal, 

Uatx • ,,,,9(1 pir bua. 

OnUmti >,,,,) 8(1 porawt. 

oaaii (til pnr liua. 

Pork tl per bbl. 

I'ntutoea,,..,.,, iulo *' 

SulmuR m " 

Boap |« per lb. 

BblD'?le«— Cyprflaa ..SI pur Ui 
" C'0(fiirnrpln«Mo " 

Bhooka lHo per btrnjle. 

I'ave* tl. Ill nor Ml 

Tobaeoo (a par lb. 



Wharfage.- 



too 



. . per bbl., I6e, per tloi'oo, PSo. per 

bushela of ooro, 48e. per U , tmt lumber, jrar U, tMvee or 
oyprosa ahinglea, 

I'ackane ViUi/.-'YmmU landing part eargo only pur, 
In Ueu of tonnage duoa, n duty nf m, jier box of flin.Mo. 
per H. feet of lumbar, to. per M, (taTdH, 4o, per ihook, 
Sic. for eaeh oubto foot ot " undeaorlbid paokegM," 
See,, £o. 

Inward Pilotoi/e.—Vniet 9 feet, 94, W i drawtitf tfcet, 
95.76 i oTor B feet, (1.44 (wd dlatmoe money). 



UKITED STATIB. 

The Volted Statea tariff la ao elaborate that we cannot poealblr And room for It, It li vItob In iome detail In fbe 
Tear Book for 1867, alnce when the principal ehaoge has been in the artloloa Wool, and oIoCnlBg, Ao , manttfoetttted 
therefrom. Of theae artiolea, we give below the omelal ennmeratlon, with dutlee to eorroeponi t— 

Woat, nnmanufaotnred, eloaa lat, clothing woolq, Indnd- 

ing anoh oa have hitherto been Imported from 

Buenoa Ayrea, Australia, Canada, &o., the value 

whereof at the lost port whence exported to the 

United States, excluding charges in said port, 

■hall be Sic. or lea«, per lb.— lOe per lb. and 11 per 

oent. ad valorem. 
* As above, exceeding S2c. per lb.— lie. per lb. and 

10 per cent, od valorem. 
" Clasa Sad, Combing woole, Canada long wool, 

te., the valne whereof, &c., ahall be 3tc. per 

lb. or leai— lOo. per lb. and 11 per cent, ad 

valorem. 
" Aa obove, exceeding 3Se. per lb.— 12o. per lb. and 

10 per cent, ad valorem. 
" Claaa 3rd, carpet woola, die, valne lie. or leae per 

lb.— 3o. per lb. 
" Ae above, exceeding lie. per lb.— 6e. per lb. 

The principal other dntiaa are :— 

Agricnltnral Implementa, chiefly 4& per oent. 

(Iron Ploogha) 3& " 

Animab 20 " 

Barley lie per bus. 

(Malt) 20 per cent. 

Beef : leper lb. 

Boots, lace, allk or leather 35 per cent. 

Bntter 4c per lb. 

Oalfaklns, raw or salt 10 per cent. 

CodSah,dry ^ H cent per lb. 

Coal, bituminous (IB bushels to theton).. (1. 25 per ton. 

other 40cper ton. 

10 per cent. 

—Mackerel (2 per bbl. 

■< Herring, pickled or salted (I " 

•' Salmon (3 " 

•■ All other pickled (!.«• " 

" Kot in lbs., and not otherwise pro- 
vided for Mo " 

•• All in oil, do. do aopetoeat. 

'" Fresh, for daily consumption .Frie. 

FIoz, onmonufactored (15perton. 

" Towof (5 " 

Flaxseed I6eper bus. 

' " Oil ISc.pergal. 

Floor— Wheat 10 per cent. 

" Bve 10 " 

Fnit, nnaressed 10 " 

" Crossed » " 

*• Hate or cape of, die S» " 

leper lb. 



Provided that It reduaed In value by admlsture of dtrt, 

wool shall pay double duty. 
Provided that appralaeri snail aTorago Iho gnallljr of 
wool mlxe:l in the bale. And that It lialos of differtn t 
quality are in the same tnvoloe, (he average shall not 
be more than 10 per oent. below the ptloe ot th<< '.-set 
bile. 
Provided that the duty on wool ot the flrtt otose whieh 
shall bo Imparted washed, shall be double that on tw- 
waahed. And it aooured, tlum three timse th4 duty. 
Fool.— All monafaotursn of. not otherwise provldel for, 

0. per lb,— 50o, per lb. and SA per oent, 
IfooOen bass, cloth, embrolderlei, hoslorloe, llstlnn, 

shawls— SOo, per lb. and 80 per eent, 
TTooOen olothlng, ready mode, (whether In whole or part 

wool)— 60a. par lb. and 40 per oont. 
WorHtd blankets, from lOo. per lb„ and U per oent. to 
tOe. per lb,, and U percent,, oeeordlng to value. 



Hay ,,,.,. Wperemk 

Iron, pig fo^r ton. 

Malt M per oent. 

Mangmeee ,.,.,.......... in " 

Nails, Iron, out I We per lb. 

Oata l''e per bush. 

Oatmeal , .,,..,, 10 per eent. 

Oil, Petroleum, crude tOo per gal, 

reflned Wo •' 

" Seal lOpereent. 

Ore, copper 6 " 

Flanks 10 " 

Ploughs, iron ,jn ■' 

Plumbago (10 per (on. . 

Pork ..lopnrlb. ' 

Potatoes > .1)0 per bui. 

Bye IHa " 

Salt lOnperlOAlbi. 

Scantling .,,,, 10 per eent. 

Shingles 8S " 

Shoev, see buots ,..,.....,.,. U " 

Btaroh— potatoes or eom. lo pet lb. A W p. e. 

" Other lo " "io •' 

Stavee for hhds., pipes, and oiski 10 per oent. 

" Other .....10 " 

Sugars, from 8 (o to Mr lb. 

Teas ...lAeperib. 

Timber, hewn or eawed 10|Mtoenl. 

Whiskv, U^ and under (8« for every 

other degree) lltOper |nl. 



k 

llopwlb) 
tlo " 
to " 

,90 " 

Tin " 

g H 

t. on «omo othar 



III (Nir iM. 
to par bui> 

I ill tioi'cwt. 
Dm pur tm«> 
Vl imrbbl. 
lUld '• 

10 Mr lb. 

II put M. 
Mo " 

I'J.KoporK. 
>o por lb. 

iroo, M«. Mr 100 

U. tMVI 



9«r J 



or 



t oMfo only mv 
r box u( ilih. Mo, 
», 4o. per thook, 
'Ibtd pmIumim,'' 

I drkwlnf IfMt, 
Honoy). 



■omtdotMllntlia 

9 , tUMttfMlttttad 

nlitttrt of dtrt, 

I Iht gnrkllty o< 

itlM of (llfforon t 

T«rit|[a ihkU not 

prio* of (hb l-ttt 

I fln( «1iM wbieh 

iblo thtt on tui- 

mo« tho duty< 

rlM prorldad for, 

ir oon(. 

lUrlM, llitlsfi, 

int. 

In wholo or part 

Wpwomt. to 
rdlnfftoriluo. 



Opwomi 

19 <nt ton. 

p«r o«at< 

n •' 
IMopwlb. 
l''o par btuh< 
10 par oant. 
tOoparftl. 
too •' 
10 par o«Bt. 

» " 

m <• 

no par ton.. 

par lb. ' 
lia par bua. 
fto " 

M par 100 Iba. 
Dparaant. 

1 "' 

erib. /blOp. a. 
•' " M " 
par oant. 

I to 6a nor lb. 

«o par lb. 
10 par aant. 

ILMparfia. 



Tanji of Customs Duties, 



123 



TASMANIA. 
Novoiubor, 1097. 



Ala, boar, and porter of all lorti (In wood,). ,0<1. par gal. 

Ale, beer, and porter of all lortii, (.In bottlo) 
repated quart* Sa. perd.4u 

Ale, beer, and porter of all aorta, (In bottlo,) 
nqputed plot* la, perdoa. 

Homa, b:ioon, lord, batter, ehoeao, oaudloi, 
nuta, walnuta, glnirar, almondii, popper, 
pimento, lleorloo, muntard, bluo, arrow- 
root, nuMoronl, Tormlcolll, taplooa and 
aago 9d. per lb. 

(Tiftara and mulf 4a iHir lb. 

OMten, eoooa, ohocolato, ohloory 3<1. pur lb. 

Perry and vinegar 4d por gal . 

Cinnamon, olorea, maoo, gunpowder, (ex- 
oopt bloating,) tivrtarlo acid, oitrio ncid, 
nutmeg*, aplcea, mixed apicoa, ground 
apicea, and oaaila 4d. per lb. 

Hop*..: Xd. per lb. 

Frnita, dried Ihia.porlb. 

Halt li. perbuab. 

OUof all kinde, (except flab oil,) turpentino, 
TarnUh, tplrlt* of tar Id. por gal. 

rioklcain bottloa, 'oputrd quart! 3«. pordoa. 

PIcklea In bottloa, reputed pints 2a. par dux. 

Bloe, pearl borloy, white lead, read lead, 
palnta of OTOry doicrlptlon, oorbonato nt 
aodo, aodaoryalala >£ por lb. 

Splrita, brandy, mm, whiakey, and all other 
aplrita, cordlala, llquon, or strong watora, 
tne degree of strength of which oannot be 
oooertained by Sykes' hydrometer ISs. per gal. 

FInirlta, perfumed ISs.per gal. 

wine containing more thc^ SS per 'sent, of 
aloobolof • apeoiflc gravity of 82A at the 
tamperature of 00 ^ Fahrenheit's thermo- 
meter, for crery gallon In proportion to 
theatrength, (In wood,) b.porgal. 

Same la bottle, par doien qnarta 8b. por dot. 

8amo In bottlo, por doaen pints 4s. per dos, 

Winn not containing more than S& por cent. 
of alcohol Ss. per gal. 

Xobaoco, oigora, and anuS. destroyed for 
ahaepwaah 3d. per lb. 

Toboeco ts.ra. per lb. 

raflaad 8a.percwt. 



Sugar, unraflnod 6a. perowt. 

Sugar, molnsiea 3a .6d. por owt. 

Tea 6d. por lb. 

Snap Id. par lb. 

8larah Id. per lb. 

Bhnt Id. per lb. 

Snucus, reputed pints t .ta. por dos. 

f!auci<B, reputed ha f pints Sa, pordoa. 

Uunufacturcs of silk, cotton, linen, nnd 
woollon, all nitlulcs inanuFocturcd thoro- 
fre,m \ drapery, habcrditahery, liosiory, 
millinery, rars, hata, boots, shoos, conftc- 
tlonory, bottlou fruits, pn'aorvoo, oilmen's 
stnros of all kinda, (oxeopt piakloa and 
snucen,) plate glosa, and all other gouds 
unanumcirated, measuring outside the 
pacicftKO Ss. pero'blcft. 

Crockery nnd glassware measuring mora 
than 1170 cnbin feet lis. per foot. 

Oown and shoot glasa, for every lOU supei^ 
flctal foot, or nny portion not leas than 3i 
f not Sa. 

Bruah ware, hardware, cutlery , hollow ware, 
plated ware, iron mcngury of all kiiida, 
percwt. groaa, or any iwrtioQ thereof not 
IcHa thiin K cwt 3a. 6d. 

Retoru and rougn iron costlnga per cwt., 
(gross,) or any portion not loss than ''A 
cwt fid. 

Wool bags ,....2Md. e-'ch. 

Com sacks Mid each. 

Gunny bags Hd each. 

Bogging per bale of 1,0(10 yards 8s. 4d. 

Doals, miinufnctured or unmanufactured, 
per load of SO cubic feet 6s. 

Tnba and buckets Is. per dos. 

Matchoa, per caso of not mora than SO groaa. lOa. 

Blacking,.; is. per cask. 

Toya 6d. p. c'bloft. 

Room papers , 6d. p. c'bio ft. 

Coir-mattIng mats 6d. p. c'bloft. 

Carriages on two wheels th caoh. 

Carriages on four wheels £10 each. 

All other artlclea < Free. 



Braady lOa. per gallon. 

Gin.... 10s. '• " 

Llqaenrs, cordials, or strong waters ...lOs. " " 

Whiakey 10s. " " 

En"^ los. •' ;; 

Perfumed Spfarlts I's. " " 

All other aplrlU 10s. " " 

•iVhio 8s. " •• 

Ale, porter, and beer, (in wood,) fld. " " 

Ale, porter, and beer, (in ghiaa,) 6d. " " 

Spruce and other beer 6d. " " 

Older ondperry M. ' 

Vinegar «d., *' " . 

Tobacco 8i.6d.peipoiind 

Snu« M.Sd. 

«IP»» •*•• . 

Opium fa. „ 

Tea O'l- 

Coffee and chicory 4d. " " 

Chocolate and monufacturod cocoa 4d. 

Sugar, roAned 0*. 9d. per cwt. 



QunirsLAiio. 
October, 1867. 

Sunr, raw Sa. per cwt. 

Holaaaea 3a. 4a. " 

Dried fruits Id. per pound. 

Rire 40s. per ton. 

Salt 40s. " " 



All other articles Imported to pay an ai vaXaren duty of 
7^ per cent., wltu tho following oxccptiona, via : 

Animals, living. 

Frcah fruits, garden seeds, and garden produce. 

Fresh meat. 

Gold and s'lvcr coin, gold duat and bullion. 

Pasaengers' baggage, cabin furniture, or pcraonal efleots 

which havo been in uso and are not imported for sale. 
Plants, treoi, andehruba. 
Printed books, periodicals, and newspapers. 
Spooimens of natural history. 
Wheat and flour. 

Moohluery, bona fide. Imported for manufacturing sngar. 
Export duty on gold Is. 6d. per ounce. 



On all Imported goods not Included In tho undermention- 
ed lists to which hxod duties arc attached, or which are 
to bo found in the free Hat, an ad valorem dnty of five 
per oant, 

Boer, porter, ale, older, and perr^, (in 
woo<^) 6d. per gallon. 

Beea, porter, ale, elder, and perry, (m 
bottlo,) reputed quarts la. per doaen. 

Beer, porter, ale, elder, and perry, (in 
bottle,) reputed pinta 6d. " 

Coffee, ohloory, cocoa, and chocolate. ... Id. por pound. 

Dried frnita, nuta, and olmoada tOa . por owt. 

Hops iid. per pound. 

BpirlU of strong water* of all aorto, via : for every gallon 
of anoh apirUa or etrong waters of any atrongtn not 
exceeding the atrongth of proof by Bykea' hydrometer, 
and ao la proportion for any greater or leaa atrength 
than the atrength of proof, and for any greater or less 
quantity than n gallon i also perfnmed aplrita not being 
aweetened or mixed with any ortlolo ao that the degree 
of atrength thereof cannot be osoutlr aaeertained by 
auoh hydrometer lOa. per gallon. 

Splrita mannfoctured in the colony 8a. 9d. por gallon. 

Splrita, via i wine containing mora than 30 por cent, ol 
aVwhol of a apeclflo gravity of 81) at the temperature of 
too of Fohrei^t'a Uurmoinetar, for every gallon In 
proportion to abangth 10a. per gallon. 



SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 
November 30, 1887. 

Spirits, cordials, or strong waten sweetened or mIxeU 
with any article so that the desrree of strength thoreo' 
cannot lie exactly ascartaincd by Sykes' hydro- 
mot T iOs per gallon. 

Sugar ; 3s. per owt, 

Holossos and treacle Sa. " " 

Tea 3d. per pound. 

Tobacco, manufactured la. 6d. per pound. 

Tobacco sheep wsah 3d. " " 

Cigars and snuff 4s. " " 

Wine not containing more than 30 per cent, of alcohol of 
a apceifio gravity of 825 at the temperature of 60° of 
Fahrenheit's thermometer, (in wood.).2s. per gallon. 

Wine, (in bottle,) reputed quarts 6s. per doson. 

Wine, (In bottle,) reputed pints 3a. " " 

Wood, viz : posta and rails, lundspikea 
and poles Is. fld. per 100. 

Palings 8d. per 100. 

Shingles and laths 6dperl,O0O. 

Trenails and spokea M. per lOO. 

Oars Sd. per 100 faat. 

Square timber and balks, spars, deals, 
battens, quarteilnga, plonka, boards, 
andaawn hewn, or split timber, per 
40oublo feet th6d. 



Cedar, per 40 cubic feet t«. 



124 



Inland Revenue-^ The Tariffs ^C' 







INLAND REVENUE. 



The more a country progreiMS in ciTlllzktIon and wealth, the more Important a loaroe of iti Income 
does Inland Bavenue becouie. 

In Canada. It was until a few yean azo quite Ini alflcant, but Is now Increasing flut, and bids Mr 
In a short time to rival In ma«nltudo the receipts fl-om Customs, especially as the Dominion, which in 
Its Customs TarlflThos approximated towards the old TarlO's of the Uarltlmo frovlnoes, hus adopted 
In respect to Inland llevcnue the policy of the old Province of Canada. 

Readers of tho Ytar Hook of former years will remember that the Kxclse Bevenue of Nova Scot'a 
at tho tlmo of the Union was nil, the few dlstlUertcs which once existed there having been summarily 
Hupprcsssd by the withdrawal of their licenses. In Now Brunswick tho Excise Itevenuo was less than 
$M> per annum. In old Canada It ran up to two niltllont and a-half of dollars, as shewn by the 
fullo wing table, which gives an upereu of the histories of the various branches of revenue called ExcUie : 

Tablx showing the Excise Revenue of the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, from IMl* to 
tho time of tho Cuutciiciatluu of tho British North American Provinces, lat July, ItMT. 

Ifemo;— Up to end of IJIG the Excise Rcvcnnc was derived from Uconseslmposed upon auctioneers, 
taverns, pedlars, steamboats, Ac. After that period, by Act U Vic. cap 2, a duty of two pence per 
gallon was Imposed on oplrlis manufactured In tho Province. In It44'J (12 Vic. cap. ).the dutypn 
spirits wa.t riiluced to one penny per gallon. In 1833 (16 Vic. cap. iM), hawkerit were allowed to sell 
goods the product of, or uianufoctured In Upper Canada, without license. AttCi' July A, 1836 'IV Vlu. 
cap. 42), tliodutycntiplilts was Increased to \'Ail. per gallon. In 1838 (22 Vic. cap. 7C), the duty on 
spirits waslncrc.'iscd to G cents per gallon, and a duty of one cent per gallon Imposed upon beer or malt 
iliiuor. In 1862 (28 VIc cap. 3). the duty on spirits was Increased to 13 cents per gallon, and on malt 
liquor to 3 cents per gallon. In 1864 (27 ft 28 Vic. cap. 3), the duty on i-plills was increased to 30 cents 
per ga'ion. In Isfxi (.2\) VIc. cup. 7), tho duty on spirits w»s Increased ij 60 cents per gallon; and In 
18 17 (31 VIc. cap. 8), tl'o duty on splilts was Increased to 63 cents per gallon, and a duty of one cent 
per lb. luipoica on malt. Instead of three centu per gallon on beer. 



1841. 
1S12, 

ISiJ... 

1814., 

1845. 

1860... 

1847... 

1848... 

1849.. 

183' I.. 

1631.. 

1832.. 

1863... 

law... 

1853... 
1836... 
18f.7... 
1*58... 
1839... 
1860... 
1861... 
1862... 
1863... 
1864... 
1864-0 
1863-6 
1867-7 



Splrlis. 



No. of 
Stills. 



171 

\6i 
ICfi 
1G3 
14!) 
13.: 
13!) 
122 
11 
113 
1(14 
12U 
109 
95 
68 
83 
47 

; yr)44 

42 
33 
34 



Gallons. 



2.134,721 

i.yit),5.'fe> 

2.1G7,<:»i 
2.C6,s,112 
2,269.141 

2,495,1133 
2,72.s.092 

2,763,602 
3.164 823 
;t,l.')5,5W. 
3,408.397 
:t,308, 98 
3,278,288 
3.861,339 
.3,«a\828 
3,632,039 
2,43(1429 
2,973,130 
3.!'2.'>,753 
2,912,134 



Duty. 



71.1.'.; 

63,98: 

52,101 

3»,46 

37,81! 

46,99; 

51,0.V 

48,0S< 

50,6l» 

69,11,' 

83,04! 

I2r',94i 

198,48.- 

196,69'; 

231,09;, 

368,99.' 

6u,mw 

454,93! 
891,931 
977,451 
.183,227 



Mult Liquor. 



No- of 
Brew's. 



119 
163 
1.56 
174 
182 
148 
136 
143 
142 
137 



Malt 
uted. 



Gallons 
brewed. 



3,041,409 
10,G98,4i2 
13,918 464 
16,380,1 36 
19.731.528 
18,493,828 
18,.T49,.5C2 
18.116,171 
19,532,369 
22,439.711 



1.2»7.8n.T 
3,060 STA 
4,249,93t 
4,899.405 
0,060,27" 
5,487,852 
3,051, 3(J9 
.'>,32t,60l 
.'i,93»,922 
6,925.381 



Doty. 



12,917 
35,668 
42,371 
48,994 
105,994 
164,633 
71,539 
l.')9,OI8 
171.047 
205,290 



Tobacco, biiutt' 
and Clears, 



Uater'ls 
U8i:d. 



Lbs. 



3,.'M7,fi64 
3.999,584 
0,06 ',847 



Duty. 



115,092 
286,281 
413,283 



LIcen- 
sei. 



99,616 
133,964 
122,9(M 
137,480 
12 '.328 
74,808 
49,(67 
68,242 
60,297 
61,448 
58,997 
56,641 
43,499 
3A.(:6 
7,86tf 
a\28ft 
bJ,099 
31,236 
SG,28I 
73,362 
73.908 
89,437 
95,016 
72,887 
276,542 
336,634 
773.318 



Total. 



$ 

99,616 

13>,!;6» 

122.961 

1.17,480 

120,328 

74 808 

12i),224 

132 226 

118,458 

98,810 

96,810 

103-64(1 

94,337 

78,740 

76,984 

101 4' 

11G.I4S 

174,115 

29 ,974 

3I2.G30 

334,594 

664,444 

804,4.57 

G19,'56.-. 

1,443,791 

1.771.421 

2,935,113 



• First statistics now acccwiblo after tho union of ITppcr nnil Lower Canada. Unlike alnunt all tho other tablea 
in this work, tho Editor hag not himself chookcd thoso flours*, whldi are howem doubtless oorroeot, hariag lieen 
prepared by aoaivful offloer of the Inland Burcnue Department. 



INLAND REVENUE-THE TARIFF, 1868. 

EXCISE nUTIEB. 

gEBK.— Brewed In whole or In part from any other substance than Halt, SJ^ cts. per gal, 

' ""'■" per 1,090 Slp?rM 



CioABS.— Value 
Do do from 

Do do do 

Do do do 

Do do do 



flO 

BintoSl5 - • 
Sl5 to S20 - 

|20tO$10- - 

J 10 upwards, 



LiOENBES.— Bonded Manufactures, . - - - . 
Brewers, ..-.--•--". 

nistlUora or Recti fler.i. 

MalRtcrs, under 2.WX10 Its.. - - - - 

Do from 25.r(K) to KO,om lbs., ■ 

Do do 100,000 lbs., upwards, 

Tobacco Manufacturers, - . - - . 

Malt, --..- 

PETIOIJtUK. 

Insppctlon Fees, ..-...- 
Do do, ....... 

Snuft and Snupf Flour. 

Bpieits— Since 29th April, 1863, 



do 
do 
do 
do 



«2" do 
$3 do 
•4 do 

$5 do 

tV) 

t5l) 

92.j() 



Annually, 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



$100 

•l.w 

•200 
«.i0 



packages over 20 gils. 
do under 20 do 



- - 1 ct. per lb, 

- 6 cts. per pal. 

20 ct«. per pkge. 

I ct. per gnl. 

■ - 10 cts. per lb. 

• C3 cts. p^r gal. 



DarM of iU Income 

r flut, and bids Ikir 
omlnlon, which in 
Inces, bui adopted 

lue of Nova Bcot'a 
)g been summarily 
enuo was less than 
, 08 shewn by the 
inuo called ExcUe: 

lada, ttom IM1« to 
t July, IMl. 

I upon auctioneers, 
of two pence per 
p. ). the duty pn 
ere allowed to sell 
fuly ft, 1806 a\) Vic. 
p. 70), the duty on 
upon beer or molt 
ilion, and on malt 
creased to 30 cents 
per gallon ; and In 
X duty of one cent 



- LIcen- 

803. 


Total. 


. M,616 


S 

»".»,016 


. 135,a64 


lavjoi 


. 122,WM 


122.961 


. 137,48t 


i.rr.48o 


. 12 ',328 


120.328 


. 74,808 


74 8(18 


. 49,(07 


12it,224 


. 08,242 


132 226 


. 60,2U7 


118.458 


. 64,448 


98,81(> 


. fl8,097 


96,816 


. 50.641 


103-640 


. 4.1,499 


94,537 


, SS.tiO' 


78,740 


7,8fitf 


76,984 


, a\2«i 


lot 4' 


bJ,099 


116.148 


31,236 


174,115 


50.281 


29 ,974 


73,362 


312.030 


73.908 


354/>94 


89,437 


564,444 


9.'i,016 


e04,4.'V7 


72,887 


0I»..T6.> 


276,542 


1.443,791 


336,634 


l.ni.42l 


773.318 


2.535,113 



all tho other tables 
sitoeot, hsTlnr been 



• SSi cts. per gnl. 
1.090 «1 pjr Si- 
lo S2 do 



S2 do 
f3 do 
,- •4 do 

lo $) do 
Annually, tv) 



$51) 
82.j() 
•lOO 
•150 

•2(10 

8:>o 



do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

- 1 ct. per lb. 

ft cts. per pal. 

20 ct«. per pkjfe. 

1 ct. per gnl. 

• 10 cts. per lb. 

C3 cts. pet eal. 



/niand Revenue — Stamp Duties — The Acts. 



t9ft 



■TAMP Dtniia. 



BiU Stamp*.-m\\ Stamps aro of the denominations of 1, 3, 3. 4, A, 0, 7, 8, 0, 10, 30, ao. 40, and M centa, 
tnd 1, i, and 3 dollars. They ore to bo umxed to Bills of iLxchanBo, Drufis, and Promissory itotoa, as 
andor; tho person atllxlnic the stamp to writo or stamp thereon tho date :— 



Amount. 



)f|.'3. , 

)ver fiftaiid not exceedlns ftM).., 

•' 90 " " Too.. 

" 100 " " aoo.. 

" 300 " " aoo.. 

•• aco • " 400.. 

" 400 •• " aoo.. 

" flOO " - 600.. 



singly. 



|0.0I 
0.03 
0.01 
0.0* 
0.09 
0.12 
15 
0.18 



Duplicate 
each part. 



10.01 
0.01 
0.03 
0.04 
>M 
<».0B 
0.10 

ai3 



Tripllcata 

eac xrt. 



0.01 
0.(<l 
0.09 
0.03 
001 
0J» 
0.0i 



For an analysis of the Act 31 Vic. cap. 9, respecting Ntanip duties, see anothi r part «f this volume. 



INLAND BEVENUE>-THE ACTS. 

TAe following are abstracta of tho Acta relating to Excise branch of Inland berense :— 

The Act 31, Cap. 8, provides that no person shall do business as Brewer, Distiller, or Malster, or 
Manufikoturer of Tobacco, without a license, or mav ho have tho Implements necessary for carrying on 
those callings In bis possession without reporting the same to tho Collector of Inland Bovenue s except 
those browing ale or mannfactut ing home grown tobacco for their own private use. Those licenses are 
to be applied for In writing to the Collector of Inland Be venue. Application must set up minutely, 
the apparatus and premises proposed to be used, and exact place where. Beforo license Is granted, 
premises must be Inspected and reported on by olBccr. Suretfes must be given by a Distiller for the 
estimated amount or the duties payable during one month of full work. A Bectlfler must give sureties 
tor #1,000. A Malster or Tobacco Beflner must give security ft>r two months' duties. A Brewer Ux 
ll/no. The G. in 0. may authorizo manufacture In bond from dutlablo articles under proper regula- 
tions, by persons licensed and giving security for f l,0(^. Applications for this kinl of license aro to 
bo forwarded to the H. I. B. for approval— others to the Districtlnspector. When approved and security 
given OoUoctor issues license. For the rates of license, see tho schedule above. 

Bal'ore commencing to work under license, or after any suspension of work, all these parties, except 
a Brewer, must give six days notice to Collector, under a penalty of two hundred dollars, which all of 
them alai forfeit for work-og; without license. All persons so licensed must give assistance whenever 
required to enable Bevenne Officers to examine premises, apparatus and contenta. When anparatus 
Is to be altered a week's notice must be given under like penalty. All premises on which manufactures 
subject to excise are carried on must have names of persons or firm put up over door, and a sign must 
bs placed over the door of each department stating what it is used for. Every Distiller must keep a 
book or books open at all times to Inspection of officer, shewing quantities of grain put Into wash-tub 
or otherwise used In manufhcturo, qu<mtlty of beer or wash made, quantity of spirits and number of 
hours of working per diem. Bveiy Malster's books must shew quantity by gauga of grain put to steen, 
and quanUty of malt taken out. The stock books of all theso mauuihcturers must shew all materials 
brought Into premises, and bv whom, and all such malerlalsor producta of manuRtcture taken away. 
Their bookt and accounts or all kinds having reference to the manufacture, are to be open at all 
reasonable hours to the Inspection of officers when demanded, and In case of any sslzuro for contraven- 
tion of the law they also mov be seized. All quantities aro to be entered In lbs., avoirdupois, except of 
fluids, which are to be in wine gallons. All beams, scales, weights, and measures to bo tested as often 
as deemed necessary. 

Tho duty levied on the distiller shall be computed by such one of the following methods as shall 
yield tho highest rate of revenue, viz. :— 1. On the grain at the rate of onoprallon per 17 lbs. ; 3. Upon tho 
beer or wash at the rate of one gallon per li : 3. On tho sarao In proportion to Its alcoholic valuo ; 
4. On tho quantity of splritasold or removed from the dlstUleor. Any enquiry to check returns may 
extend over tho period of one year. All vessels of distiller aro to bo accurately gauged onco a year and 
a list In triplicate made out, one for distiller, one for collector, and ono for department. A certain 
portion of tho apparatus must bo made according to Departmental regulations. Ttio qnantltlcs of 
spirit In tho receivers Is to bo gauged from time to tlmo as thought nsccssar>', and no spirlta are to be 
removed f;om them until (taugcd. The kev to the pipes, cocks or valves of receiver H to remain In 
possession of the officer. The ressrvoirs stUkll be so placed that they can bo fU'ly InApectcd, and if they 
are not according to regulation, notice Is to bo given to make them so ; If notice not compiled with In 
one mmth license to bo forfeited. Apparatus not working to bo locked up or seoled. 

In malster's premises grain Is to bo measured by Winchester bushels of 2,150 j^j^jS cubic Inches, 
but on removal from kUn tho quantity shall be also ascertained in pounds Cisterns aro to be made 
according to regulations, and couch flramcs with sides and bottom straight and at right angles with each 
other, and of strength to preserve their true form when filled with grain. No grain is to ba moved 
cither to steep it, or dry It or store It, except between 8 am. and 5 pm. Whenever a malster Is about 
to move grain for any of these processes, he must In towns give 34, In the countiy 48 hours' notice, to the 
Bevenue Officers. 

In order to calculate the duty on malt. It shall be gauged before wetting, after wetting, In tbe oouch 
firame, and on the malt floor, anci after It is drle<l. 

too bushels of dry barley shall be reckoned as 107 of dry malt ; 

t\ii of dry barley io 100 wet ; 

100 gauged In the cistern or in couch flrame to 163 on floor ; 

1' in cistern or couch fVame to 81^ of malt. 

The principal gauge for calculation of duty is that on removal ttom kiln, but others are used to 
check, or In place of that, the largest duty to be always token. The bushel of dry malt !s to be reckoned, 
when not weighed, at 36 lbs. 

yr Dried malt Is to ba kept In warehouse under lock ot the crown till duty Is paid : warehous? to b'> 
provided by maltster, ancI properly secured as to all entrances by olBcers. The duty Is to ba entered 
In stock-book every time malt Is removed to warehouse ; book to be balanced every half month ; pay- 
ment to be made on whole when any removed from warehouse. 

All tobacco Imported or manufactured In Canada shall ba stamped by tlio colbotor of customs, or 
collector of Inland revenue, so soon as duty Is paid or sacurcd thereon. No wholly or partially empty 
box or other package allowed to remain In a factory. Any pacba^a oXircl for sila r/!tliont stamp Is 
forfeited. Manufkcturer must furnish all reqnlsito conveniences for welshing; and stamping tobacco. 
Beturns ore to bo made on the 1st and 16th of caah montb <>attla3 forth abstract of transaationi as In 
boo!c8 required to be kept. Such return Is to be signed by i.no roanufaeturcr, or his agant and foreman, 
clerk or cblef workman, and attested on oath ; and collector may examine other parsons In manufUc^ 



126 



Inland Revenue — The Acts. 



■%■ : 



l-% 



h'U 



m 



Nl^. 



M^ 






toi7 or warebonse m to Ita aocnrkcy. Dutlei «re payable on tbe 6th and 2Ut of eacb montb, except In 
caaea ipeolSed In Act. Ooods may remalnln warebouae at ownor'a risk for any period not exceedlnu 
two yeara, under bonds for twice tno amount of duty. Warehoused goods may bo transt'eircd, exported 
or removed firom one warehouse to another, under regulations by the Uovernor In Council, except 
malt. 

When goods are remoTed from warehouse for consumption— the duty must be first paid, and no 
draw-back is allowed If after that they are exported, and no entry ex warehouse will be granted until 
all conditions imposed by law and regulations have btfen compiled with. But a mauufacturer In bond 
may receive spirits or other articles Into his factory aa into bonded warehouse. Wbcuever collect r 
la satisfied that spirits or other exciseable articles have been used up In manuteoturcs ou which duty 
has been paid, or which have been warehoused or exported, he may give certificate and cancel bona, 
but all not so used In six months must pay duty aseX-warehOuse. Bl-ewers exporting beer, and giving 
two days' notice of intention, will receive draw-back equivalent to excise duties. No splrltsare to be 
removed from distillery or warehouse without payment of duty or permit, on pain of forfeiture, nor 
between the hours of 6 p.m. and 7 a.m.^ nor In less packkges than 40 gallons; and any person found so 



removing ttiem may Im detained, together with vehicle and spirits, wliich are forftitccf, unless proof of 
payment of duty is made within thirty days. The O. In C. may make regulations to carry out or 
modUy certain portions of Act, 

Ho oOloer of Inland Revenue can deal in articles snbleot to excise or customs duties. They may 
break up partition or other part of building, or dig Into any ground surrounding them, in order to 
inspect niUy any apparatus, or to ascertain If anything is kept out of view. On stating his errand ancT 
demanding admittance, and not being admitted, he may by dayhlmself break Into any manutactory ; 
by night he may do so If accompanied by peace officer. He may, upon obtaining search warrant, search 
any place for concealed appaiatos. Be has the aame powers asi customs officer under writ of 
assistance' 

In addition to penalty of #900 far manuflicturlng wlthotk<lloense, the person so manufkcturing shall 
fbrfelt doable excise duty and license duty, and forflslt apparatus and g'ods found in unlicensed 
fkotoiT. Any person having apparatus not reported shall Ibiwlt them anafiou. Tor having package 
,UiJO, besides f>rfeltlng goods. All apparatua i nd stock of material and mann- 
- - .-..-^ Allm<»nu- 



of unstamped tobacco, tluo, besraesfirfeltlng goods. 

fhctures found on premises of those who havo b en guilty of revenue fhmds are forfeited. 



flwt«res on which duty is not paid at the proper time are fbrfbited. Malster fraudulently putting grain 
on cistern forfeits |3..0 and all grain and malt in malt house. Same for removing malt without account 
being taken. Tor using stamped packages for goods on which <luty has not beeu paid, or (ktUng to 
obliterate brand nr stamp on packages sold on delivery, a fine of fioo and imprisonment of from one 
to twelve months. Any person having and using apparatus, to., not reported, or altered Without 
leportlng, or concealed in portions and not made known to officers, or using such apotratns for 
purposes not notified, or refusing or neglecting to designate properly th<e capacity of sucL apparatus 
or parts of it, or to admit officers on duty, or to allow inspection, or who shall deceive c<r mislead 
officers, shall forfeit SMO. and |i Omore Ibr each day on which sucn offistce has been comoiivted jmd 
•11 apparatus not enured, described, Ac, as required, shall be forfeited. Any person refUSl&f to aid officer 
in htsdnty when called upon shall forfeit $30 to $100, and be imprisoned 8 to 6 months. Har afketurers 
failing or neglecting or allowing their employees to fall or neglect to ceep proper books, or make accurate 
returns In any vrsy, or refusing to produce books when required, forfait foOO and double license A>es and 
duties, and all the stock and materials about which such neglect or fraud haa arisen or intbrmation has 
been refused. Tor using uninspected beams, scales, weights or measures, he forfeits 8203 and fSO per day, 
and they are forfslted. The use of any close receiver, high Vine tub, low wine tub or doutler 
perforated by more holes than ore necessair far legitimate use, even though they are stopped, subjects 
the mannfiioturer to a penalty of five hundred dollars and forfeiture of the vessel. Breaking Crown's 
locks .or seals, abstracting goods or counterfeiting labels, or perforating any such vessel as above is 
made a felony. Any person falling to make proper returns t o pay over at proper time license ftaes and 
duties accrued, or to pay peialty or farCsltaro within one month, forfeits his license. Obstructing an 
officer In discharge ofhis duty is made a misdemeanor punishable by imv isonment for 6 to 12 months, 
and assaulting them or persons assisting them is punishable by imprisonnr ^i ^ from a months too years. 
Taking away seized goods in vessel or carriage with or without vlolentio is a telony, punishable by 
imprisonment offrom 6 months to 2 years. Anyperson refusing or neglecting tc give evidence when 
summoned incurs a penalty of |l(io. All other vloUtlons of Act are punishable by penalty of |200. 
Similar immunities and protection are afforded to excise as to customs officers, (see the Customs 
Act anterior.) 

Duties are recoverable in any of the courts as a debt to Her Majesty. Perishable articles seized 
may be dealt with as when seized by^ustoms authorities. Apparatus, engines. Ac., seized mov be 
removed or otherwise secured in the possession of the officers, and may not be used by the person from 
whom taken until condemned or released in due course of law. Stock and apparatus of party o«ing 
any duties are specially liable therefar. Notice of infbrmatlon for condemnation of articles seized 
must be forthwith posted up in office of clerk or protbonotary and of the collector. Delaya for pro- 
cedure of claimant same OS in customs coses. Seizures not claimed also dealt with In like manner. 
Articles may in like manner be delivered up, security being given for double value. Payment of 
penalty discharges no duty. Penalties and proceeds of forfeUures are to be dealt with similarly to 
those under customs laws. The power of the Canada vine-growers association to dUttl brandy Or 
other spirit is limited to that made from the products of their own vineyards without extraneous 
sacharlne matter. Their works are placed under Inspection of Bevenue officers. 

The Act 31 Vic, cap. 60, imposes an additional duty on splriU. (See table.) It renders petroleum 
(meanlug thereby all sorts of mineral or rock oil or naptha) subject to excise. All cefloers must take 
out a license, and without it cannot havo apparatus In his possession. He is subjectea for Infraction 
of the law to similar penalties as spirit refiners or (listlllers, Ac, under cap. 8. It Is Illegal to import or 
sell, or, unless licensed, to possess petroleum which will not bear the fire test of 115 deg. Tahrenbcit. 
Befined petroleum is subject to Inspection, and any person holding or selling it uninspected Is guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and liable to imprisonment for six months or a fine of SSOO. The O. in O. may 
make regulatloiu for the warehouslntr of petroleum, and fbr its storage. Petroleum heUI in contraven- 
tion of the law or regulations is forfeited. Officers are to bo named to be inspectors. The general 
clauses of the Iiiland Bevenue Act (cap. 8) are extended to operations uuder this Act. 

The Act 31 Vie. cap. 01, provides for securing the payment of duty on tobacco manufactured In 
2?°'^ , 5?^,^ leaf tobacco can only be Imported at Hallfhz, St. John (N.B.), Ulramlchl, Quebec, 
Montreal, St. Johns (Que.), Prescott. Kingston, Toronto, Hamilton, Clinon, Samla, Windsor and Lon- 
don, and such other ports as the G. in O. may direct, on penalty of forfeiture if elsewhere brought in. 
It shall all be bonded. All tobacco grown 1 1 Canada, when it passes out of the possession of the grower, 
must be carried directly to a tobacco manufactory or warehouse, ucless sold to a licensed tobacco 
dealer, who may take tobacco for oonsumptloo either from the grower or out of bond upon payment of 
the duty. The bond taken for tobacco warehoused Is to be for I'V cts. per lb., conditioned for ita delivery 
to a tobacco manufkcturer, or dealer, on a proper permit and payment of duty, or Its exportation or 
destruction. It may remain in bond for two years. All stems, sweepings, waste and refuse not used 
in tEjO factory are to be destroyed. If any person other than a licensed maunfiwturer of imported, or 
the dealer or the grower of Canadian, haa la his possession more than 10 lbs. of raw or leaf tobacco 
(Which he may havo bought for his own use. and on which duty is paid.) it may be seized and forfeited. 
The Q. in O. may make regulations to enforce the provlsrons of this Act. Provision is made for the 
storing and keeping of artlclea seized. The last seeUon of cap. 8, relating to the Tine Growers' Asso- 
ciation, is repealed, leaving their charter intact. 



Inland Revenue — Departmental Regulations. 



(87 



>nth, except tn 
notexceedlDu 
)ircd, exported 
Jouncili except 

It paid, and no 
3 granted until 
icturerlnbond 
lever collect r 
ou which duty 
d cancel bond, 
eer, and giving 
ptrltaareto be 
forfeiture, nor 
enon found ao 
unleaa proof of 
A carry out or 

ea. They mar 
em. In order to 
bla errand antt 

manutaotory; 
warrant, search 

under writ of 

ifkotnrlng ihall 
tn unllceused 
lavlng package 
rial and mann- 
ed. Allm«nu- 
f putting grain 
Unont account 
id, or fttUng to 
It of from one 
tltrred without 

apr>^ratna for 
lucb <pparatu( 
Ivc: cr mislead 
omoilited jud I 
TiSUt aid oiBcer I 
uavafheturen 
make accurate 
license ftiea and 
an>rmatlonbaB 
radfSO per day. 
tub or doutler 
ppped, subJecta 
faking Crown's 
.jel as above Is 
license fees and 

bstruotlng an 

to 12 momhs, 
jths too years, 
punishable by 
wldenoe when 

malty oftlW. 
the Customs 

lartlcles seized 
Iselzed may be 
le person from 
If party o«tng 
[articles seized 
(elaya for pro- 
like manner. 
Payment of 
Ih similarly to 
JBtll brandy Or 
It extraneous 

lers petroleum 
brs must take 
[for InfVactlon 
I to Import or 
.. Fahrenheit, 
pcted Is KUllty 

Q. In C7 may 
(n contraven- 

The general 

iiufhctured In 
Itchl, Quebec, 
Isor and Lon- 
fo brought In. 
Jif the grower, 
Insed tobacco 
A payment of 
br Its delivery 
sportatlon or 
]i8e Pot used 
Flmportcd, or 
1 leaf tobacco 
kn4 forfeited, 
nade for the 
owers' Asso- 



INLAMD RBYKIfUB-DBPARTMBNTAL BB0ULATI0N8. 

Tha fbllowlng la anabstractof regulations and orders In Council relative to Bxclae :— 

The Order In Connoll, dated lOtn Blarch, 180S, relative to utlng sugar, molaaaca, or st.'up In 
combination with malt In the manufacture of beer, entitles any Brewer wno uses sugar, molBas'«, or 
ayrap in the proportion in each brewing of not less than Ofteen pounds of sugar, or twenty pounds of 
molasars or syrup to every one hundred pounds of malt, and who shall have palii the duty of three 
and one quarter cents upon the bear produced therafyom, to a drawback of one cent per pound on the 
malt so used. One month's notice must be given by the brewer desirous of availing himssir of the 
regulation. 

_ By Order In Oounoll, dated aoth Hoy. 18M, relative to the "Act respecting Baw Tobacco," th« 
Department of Inland Bevepue baa power to authuriae Collectors and Deputy Collectors of Inland 
Bevenue, as well at P^istQUMters, not exceeding one In each parish, township, or municipality whore 
there is no OOlcer of Inland Bevenue to grant licenses to deal In raw or leaf tobaseo. lueh llceoaa 
shall only be valid when granted on a form aopplled by the Department and signed by the Commla> 
slonor of Inland Bevenue. Permlta to take raw leaf tobacco out of bond or from the preralaes whereon 
It was grown, for consumption, m«y be granted by the offl':ers mentioned to grant licenses, on applica- 
tion feeing made la the form approved by the Department and payment of the duty to whlcn the 
tobareo would bo liable If manufhctured, vl«. :— On raw leaf, the gr'* th of Canada, five cents per 
pound, as If manulhotured Into common Canada twist : and on raw .«af tobacco, not the growth of 
Canada, ten cents per pound. The permit shall be reUlned by the grower or Importer of the tobacco 
aa e'ldrnce of Its having been lawtally removed. 

By Departmental notice, dated llth September, 1868, Collectors of Inland Revenue are required to 
keep an account of all tobacco and cigar labels received by them fl-om the Department, anil whero dis- 
posed of to tobacco manuntcturers. The tobacco labels furnished are of six kinds, viz :— No. 1, Black 
ror Cavendish In boxes ; No. 3, Black far Cavendish In caddies; No. 3, Block for Cigar Boxes; No. 4, 
Red for Cavendish In boxes; No. 5, Rod for Cavendish In caddies; No. 6, Bed for Cigar Boxes. 
A separate account must be kept for each denomination of label. The black are used for tobacco or 
cigars which pay duty ex manufkctory— the red for tobacco or cigars warehoused. Labels to be Issued 
tnm Department without gum— but It will be the duty of the tobacco manufacturer to supply suitable 
glue or paste for putting them on with ; and the duty of the Collector or other offlcer to see that the 
glue or paste Is of such quality that the labels cannot be removed by damping them or otherwise with- 
out entirely destroying them. The cigar labels are to bo wrapped entirely around the cigar boxes, with 
the ends overlapped so that the box cannot be opened without destroying the label. All labels must 
be cancelled by nelng punched by the first vendor before they leave his possession. Thr punch " Is to 
be applied to the body of the label, but not so as to dlsHgure that part of it which contalnv the written 
description of the article In the package, especial caru to be taken to prescrvo the description and 
weight of the tobacco. At every visit to a tobacco manufactory the officer Is to examine the premises 
thoroughly, and ascertain whether there aro In them any broken, rmpty, or partly filled packages having 
cancelled labels attached to them ; and If there are any such, he Is to require the labels to be removed 
nrom the pocakges before leaving the premises, and If he finds any such contravention ot the law u 
second time. It will be his duty to enforce the penalties as provided In the Statute 31st Vic, Cap. 8, 
Sec. 74. Sub Sec. 2, and Sec. 149. When tobacco Is entered for consumption no additional label Is to be 
applied : but when It Is entered for exportation ex warehouse, the labels are to be cancelled by being 
punched with the letters EXP n as provided In the Warehousing Regulations. The " punches " neces- 
sary Ibr cancelling labels supplied by tho Department at the cost of the tobacco manutacturem. 

In further reference to Tobacco, tho following Departmental Order J>earlng dato IVth Sept,, 1868, 
has been Issued :— " By the authority of the Hon. the Minister of Inland Revenue, It has been deemed 
expedient to allow Tobacco which has been worked Into Cavendish, In Canada, aaU paid Excise duty 
often cents per pound, and also Imporlcd Cavendish Tobacco having paid the Customs duty, tu be cut 
without being made liable to any additional Excise duty. But In either of the cases, the cutting bhall 
o.^ly be permitted when the means for carefully surveying the operation are In existence, to prevent 
frau 1 bj the addition of Leaf Tobacco, wh'.oh has not been charged with duty." 

License to manuflscture the following articles In bond may be granted under Order In Council, 
dated SOth May, 1868, via, 

Ethera, 

Extracts, 

OIn (Old Tom and other). 

Hair Oils, 

Hair Washes, 

Patent Medicines, 

Perfumed Spirits. 

Pharmaceutical Preparations, 

Proprietary Preparations, 

Alcohol used In manufacture of spirit varnish shall be mixed with wood naptha (of commerce) In 
the proportion of one gallon of wood naptha to eight gallons of proof spirits. Tinctures, essences, 
extracts and cordla's manufactured In bond, and fVom wtiich the alcohol or spirit can be extracted In 
a potable state, by the usual procensof redistillation or roctlUcation, shall, when entered for con- 
sumption, pay tho same duty of excise as the alcohol or spirit would pay If entered for consumption 
In Its pure state. Other goods manufactured In bond, when taken out f jr consumption, shall pay the 
same excise duty as If Imported from Oreat Britain. Extracts, essences, tlaciures and cordials 
manufactured In bond shall only be entered for consumption at the following places, viz : 

Suebec, Hamilton, Toronto, Halifax, 

Ingston, Monireal, London, St. John, N. B. 

And when so entered shall be subjected to tests for ascertaining the quantity of alcohol they contain, 
and the possibility of extracting It In a potable state. In addlton %•) the license fee. licensed bonded 
manuflicturers'are required to pay the expenses of Revenue Officers for the supervision of manufac- 
tures. 

Spibits can only be removed flrom the distillery In vrhlch they were mannfhctured or the ware- 
house In which they have been placed in bond, by permit from Officer of Bevenue, such permit to bo 
applied far on a printed form supplied by tho Department of Inland Revenue. The permit must 
accompany the spirits, and Is to bo marked " cancelled" when Its provisions are fulfilled. 

Malt.— Every person who manufactures malt, either for his own use as a distiller or brewer, or 
for sale. Is deemed a maltster, and Is required to take out maltster's licence. All malt manufactured Is 
understood to be constructively warehoused, and warehouse entries should bo passed therefor. When 
taken out of warehouse for use an ex- warehouse entry reqnlrrs to be passed «nd duty collected. By 
Order In Council, dated 27th April, 1868, malt warehoused may be removed from one bonded ware- 
house to another within the Dominion of Canada, and may be exported In bond free of duty, but only 
flrom the following ports of entry^vlz:— Halifax, St. John, N. B., Quebec, Montreal, Prescott, Kings- 
ton, Toronto, Hamilton, Clifton, Windsor and Snmla. 

Goods sublect to duties of excise may be bonded In any customs warehouse within the limits of 
the Inland Bevenue Division In which they have been manufactured, or to which they may be 
removed In bond, in accordance with the Order In Council last mentioned. With the exception of 
malt^ no goods shall be admitted to warehouse unless the duties accruing thereon amount, under one 
bond, to at least one hundred dollars. If any gooda, after having bee^ received Into warehouse, and 



Acid (Sulphuric and Acetic), 

Anallne Dyes, 

Bitters, 

Chemicals, 

Chloroform, 

Collodion, 

Compounding of Brandies, 

Cordials, 

Essences, 



Powders, 

Reslnotds, 

Syrups, 

^iTt n c t urc b 

Varnish (Vslng only Methylated 

Spirits,) 
Vinegar, 
Whiskey (Scotch and Irish), 



!■' 



128 



Inland Kevenut^Departtmntai Rtguiations. 



% 



^i. 



f ^ 

Ik 

L '• ■ 



%. 






m 






ffetftontlitir Mtatl dkltrcvy ex*w«rthouw, b« sUere'l In qatnitir, qiwlUy or itrpiigthif rcfpt ^y Wakai*, 
anavoldAblo wuto or aceldauf, li>«y shall be ntrftUrd, anU may bo aeltod by any oOoor of cxcuo or 
cutonit. Ibould looda bondotl mil ibort or Iht aetnal quantity which outhl to bo or rtnain ware- 
hottatU, the owner nhall b« llabia to the full dutlc» on the balaneo of the roo'Ib with which the waro 
hoMO atawls debited, and the Rooda remaining aball be Rubloot to the dutleaon tho qnantlty deOclcnt, 
and may b« sold by the Department t th'> surplus, \t any. '.o bo payable to the person who warthonaid 
tlio goods. All trsnsaotlons In warehousing or ex*war>- .lousIng goods must be made between tho bou' s 
or luno and fjur. Xntry of goods warehoused reo* ..re a written notice to prscodo theni, notifying the 
oOker. at least one day. before they aro removt 1 into warehouse. Kvery cask or barrel of spirits, an J 
every package of tobacco, must be full and whole at tho time It Is warehoused. Ooods csn only bs 
•ntertd fbr exportation ex-wareheaie from a warehouse wlihin (he limits of the port at which they 
HO actually laden on the ship or convi yance In which thev are to teavo the roiintrr, _ 

^ siriiijiB PiTBOUVM Includes "every dOMrlptloii ol Coal • <ll. Natba, Denslne, senaolr. Karaasne, 
Paraflno, Lubricating or lllumlnatlDg 0,1. or nihcr oil or liulrt distllloq. roanuiactured.or prodoeed 
from Oabtda Petroleum. Bock or Hlnera) Oil. Goal, Goal Tar, Bitumen, Bituminous Shale or State, or 
mm any other mineral suhsunce." The st ck of Bellned Petroiium In poosoislon of panlesu 
up to IMn June, law, waa allowed to pass tho Inspection " Are lest" by pyrometer, at one hundred 
difreos, without giving out vapor which would expiod* or jfmlte. After the Oleenth day of Juno '.he 
_pre teat" to be at least ono hundred anil Sftoon agifttt, f abrenhert's thennometer, Iter Petroleum 
manutactured in Canada. The inspecilng oOcer, by Order In Oouncil, dated 
■ed to brand every cask with the date of Inspection, tlM ' amo of the inspecting 

reOner or Importer, and the detroe ofhcat aaetalnad. Baflaad Petroleum may 

M WMhouaod andxemovod la bond udor 0. 0. ofthouth April. UMt 



Zbother importod or manuf 
mh Mur, iai>, is required to 
oBMor, tne name o( the reOne 




J^st Office — Canada. 



139 



BMrofcxcuo or 
or rtnaln ware* 
whtch the ww« 
untlty dfOclt'iiL 
«rho warthOMitf 
itwt«ntb«b«ai 
iBi, notiryiBg Ui« 
rtl of »plrlta, an J 
loodi can only ba 
rt at wbleh ttcy 



POST OFFICE. 



Tbc year 1fW7-<M ha* oc( n an evontftil one In tho Poital hlatory of Canada —tbrte Important cbaniM 
baving been oocomi>llahvri ki> '(< tbe UM Imuc of the y*ar Book. 

I. Tho Postal rPRUlatlonN jnd rat«s throuRhout the Dominion have been awlmlUted ; 

a. Tho rate of local posta^^ has been reduced from>lti* couti to thr«*, and tho Poitmaiter General 
baa boen able to ofll-c^ au arr ngeinont with tbe United State* reducing tbe poitage between that 
country and Canada (toni t»n cents to $ix ; 

8. And Post once SavlnRS Banks have been autborlied and eitablUbed. 

Tbeso measures wero all forethadowcd In our last year's article on tbe Post Office i and there 
remain two others to whir't wo then al uded which wo expect hereafter to see adopted, vli. :— 

1. The employment « the Telegraph by the Post Office department, otlher by purchaaing the tines 
or by lubsldlilng tho companies so as to obtain tbe privilege of sending messages far so many hours 
per 4ay at a cheap and uniform rate ; and 

2, An arrangement fbr the Interchange of Money Orders with Post Offices In the United States. 

Tho proceedings In England which have led to the passago ofa bill to enable tho Post OfTlcc depart- 
ment to purchase tho telegraph 'Incs there must hove great weight with tho Administration of tbe 
Dominion. Tho principle was there acknowledged that tho Oovcrntnent, which can be satiiiflcd with a 
loss rate of Interest on Its Investments than private companies, should, by thepurchaiie of the wires, 
Onablo Itself to multiply stations in places where they might not t>o highly remunerative, and so 
accommodate tbe public. And If It was there seen that the longer this acquisition was delayed, tho 
more numerous tbe companies and tbe more expensive the purchase of their property would boromei 
how much moro must this be noticed hero, where their wires are lengthcnei 20 per cent, each year? 

Tho Interchange of Honey Orders with tbe United States Is of conrso rendered difficult by the 
fluctuations In the value of United S'ates currency, but methods can no doubt be devised for over- 
coming this difficulty, and wo hope they will be. 

Another somewhat Important Postal event has been tbe withdrawal of the Cunard boats tnm tbe 
route between LIveriool and Boston, and tiee vtria,via Halifax, by which tho Provinces of Nova 
Scotia and Mew Brunswick were left unsuppllcd with direct Postal communication with Great Britain. 
Tbl deflclency has, however, been obvlate<l by the Canadian Governniont's entering Into a contract 
with tbe Tnman Steamship Company, who perform this service by calling fartnlgbtly at Hallflix for 
mails and passengers on their voyages to and flrom the United Kingdom. The contract commenced on 
tho 1st July, IMS, and is to continue for three years. These steamers an of great power, and their 
pasiages will compare fbvorably with the other lines of ocean mall packets from New York. 



POST OFriCB DEPABTM KNT.- DOMINION OF CANADA. 

Oeneral PoH Office. 
Postmaster-General, Hon. Alex. Campbell ; Deputy, W. H. Griffin ; Accountant, H. A. M^lcksteed; 
Secretary, W. White; Cashier, J. Ashworth; Superintendent Money Order Branch, P. Lo Sueur; 
Superintendent Savings Bank Branch, J. C. Stewart. 

LtUer RaU*. 
Local letters. If pre-paid .3 cents per M oz. | Local letters, if unpaid 5 cents per M oi. 

If a letter Is posted partially unpaid, tho charge on delivery will be the same as If wholly unpaid, 
deducting, however, any amount that may have been pre-paid upon It. Letters mailed for delivery at 
the office where posted, 1 cent each. Letters are re-dlrected ftom one place to another without any 
(tirtber charge. On letters re-mailed ttoxa the Dead Letter Office, 3 cents additional ; 2 cents for letters 
delivered by letter carriers. 

Letters to Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates, whether In Her Mi^esty's Service or Canadian 
Volunteers whilst on active service, pass, if pre-paid, for two cents each, when not over tbe H oz. ; if 
over H OS., ordinary letter rates. 

On letters for Prince Edward Island, the charge Is 3 cents per H oc., paid; unpaid, A cents; 
to Newfoundland, 12X cents— pre-payraent required. 

Postage on letters to British Columbia and Vancouver's Island Is 10 cents per M oz.— must bo pre* 
paid. An additional sea-rate tnm San Francisco Is cbcrgnd on delivery. The rate to Red Blver, vta 
United States, is cents per yi oz.— must be paid in advav:ce. 

Letters for the United States are 6 cents per ^i oz.. If pre-paid ; if mnpald, or only partially paid, 10 
cents per H oz. 

Lett«n sent by way of the United States, If addressed *<a Mew York, may be forwarded to tbe 
Brazils, Acapulco, Asplnwall, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua (Pacific side), Panama, 
St. Thomas, Sandwich Islands, Venezuela, and tbe British West Indies, for 10 cents per }i oz.. which 
must bo pre-paid by postage stamps. 

To Bermuda, the British and Foreign West Indies, by British mail packet from Halifax, monthly, 
the charge Is 12 cents, which must be prc-pbld. 

Via New York to Australia, and Now Zealand *ia Panama, and to Guadaloupe, Hayti (St. 
Domingo), Martinique, Porto Rico, Santa Cruz, tbe postage is 22 cents per >i oz. By the same route 
to Bolivia, Ecuador, Valparaiso, Honduras, Mexico, via Havana, Nicaragua (Gulf of Mexico aide) 
Oallao, Lima, 34 cents per }i oz. 



^k 






^l 



%. 




I •' . 



;^\ 






\ m 




I'M' 


■l. 


r*r 




i^^ 









,;l. 



re , 



Letter Kates to the United KtiiBdom. If by Canutllan Packet, na cxc3i(llii;r!.:j «/.. t2's cents. 

Exceeding ^i oz.and not exec ding 1 oz y, " 

" loz. " " Dioz ".T'j " 

•nd so ou Increasing one rate of postage for each aildltional ii oz. If 1?! crs lor t!io Unite I Kingdom 
aro posted unpaid, thoy will be chargcJ a One of Cd. sterling In ad Itlon tu the |)us:n^'c< n-\ d llvi ry. 

On letters ft-om Nova Scotia ond New Brunswick, when forwarded by ( onadhi'i ittiiinirr ri>ni Port- 
land during tho wlnt«r, the charge is 15 cents, as there Is a transit rate of •i)i vents for |)i»8;iliis tlirougli 
the States. 

The postage on letters by the Cunard line Is 13 cents per hi oz., and an addlilonal !.'> c'nts fbr every 
H oz., with a fine of 6d. sterling If posted unpaid or only partially pn-pald. 

But from Nova Scotio anl New Brunswick by Ionian steamer from Halifax to Great Britain the 
postage Is \2}i cents per H oz— unpaid or short paid letters being charged a:i addltlon.il CJ. stcrttiie as 
a line. 

Letters for the Dominion of Canada are forwarded thrice per week f or.) Great Britain. (. n Thurs* 
days by the Canadian packets fh>m Liverpool, calling at L'tndondcrry lo r cclvc <\w lat'st ii'.a'U, 
Udcgrams and passengers, arriving In summer at Quebec, and during the winter ni nths a' PurtlunL!, 
Officers are employed on these for the purposiof sorting t!ie niaU'^ so at to \>j rcaJy for dc!]v.<ry 
stall the larger offices In Canada, and fbr the various railways; by t'lli m.-aus ths d llv:-ry of nia'.l 
matter Is very considerably accelerated. Another mall U forwarded by t'.ie Innian line from Liverpool, 
via Queenstown, calling fornlghtly at Hallflix with Canadian mails, and from tUcnci: p occi'di:i;i; t > New 
York. A third mall is despatched by Cunard steamer, leaving Liverpool every Sa'.urUay, railing ut 
Queenstown on Sunday, and ft'om thence salllnir dipcct to New York. 

Letters are forwarded from England to Canada by the first outward steamer unless marked 
by Canadian Packet," or "by British Packet," in which case tbt-y w.U bo sci.t by the mail line 
thus designated. 

The malls by these steamers are despatched from this side : by Canaillan line on Saturday ttom 
Quebec in summer and Portland in winter; by Inman stramrr on Friday from lia'.ifax every 
alternate week; and by Cunard packet every Wednesday from New York. 

Mail MalUr extrnpt from Pottagr. 

All mailable matter sent to or by the Ouvernor-Osneral, or sunt to or from any Public Da; artment 
at the Seat of Government at Ottawa, or to or fh>m any member of the Lesislaurc at the Seat o: 
Government during the ScBf>!on, or ten days before tho meet'n.'; of Parliament. L'ttcrs on Her 
HtOesty'B Service pa3!^ing between the United Kingdom and the Dominion of Canada ta any of ihc 
Imperial MUltAry Departments. Periodicals devoted to theeducatlon of youth, a^rk-u'turo, temperance, 
or any branch of science. 

The last clause will be suspended on and after 1st January, 1809, from which datj> no printed matter 
will pass Orae, with tho exception of exchange newsiiapers. 

BeifiitratioH «tf Lttten. ' v 

Parties posting letters containing articles of value should have them registered, and ob'ain a 
certiflcate of such registration tnm the office when posed. 

The registration fee on letters clrculatln.T; In Quebec and OntarU, is 2 cents; on letter'* to tho 
United States, 5 cents ; and on those for the United Kingdom, 8 cents ; for British Colonics, :j cents; 
fbr France, and letters passing through France, an amount equal to the po.itJgc latc. Tho rogUt ration 
fise, together with the postage, should be pre-paid by postage stamp. 

The object of registration Is not to make the Postal Au'horitiesrPBponslbtc. but Inonler that a 
letter or package may be traced through the various offices which it passes, and when loss Is sustalnrd 
by the negligence or cAvlessness of any party through whose hands It has p isscd, such Individual is 
bound to make goo4 the amount or value of such iiackage. 

Paretl Pott. 
Parcels may be posted (br circulation In the Donrinlon only, at the following rates, which must bo 
paid In advance :— 

Not exceeding B ozs \2\i eta. I Above 1 lb. and not excccd'K Mi lb. .I'H rts. 

Above 8 oz. and not exceeding lib.. 25 '■ > " l>ilb., " 2 IbH. SO " 

Begistration Fee 5 *' 

No parcel to exceed 4 lbs. in weight. No letter must be enclosed. No parcrl shall contain r't- 
tbing liable to li\]ure the mall. The size is limited to two fi!«t li length, one foot hi breadth w llilck- 
neiB. The postage must be pre-paid by stamps. Unpaid parcels will not be forwarded kiit sliort itaiil 
parcels will be sent on with a fine of 12>i cents in addition to any postage that may rciniiln unpal I. 

Pattern and Sample Paul. 
Patterns or samples of merohandl|K may be transuittted within the Dominion at Mio rate of I cent 
per oz., pre-paid by postage stamp, and may be registered on payment of u fee of ."> ront«. Sho^t paM 
packages of samples will be fined 5 centSk No packet sh:;^'.;'. exceed 24 ozs., or l< - move than 24 luclics in 
length, or 12 in depth, or breadth. No letter should be ei.clOMid, or anrlhlns l!abli< to liyurc- tho 
contents of the mail. Parcels should be so made up that they nmy be easily examined by thu officers 
of the Post Office. 

Pattern and Sample Po*t with the United Kingdom, British Oolanie*. and Foreign Connttiei, 
Tho following are the regulations for the transmission of Samples anj Patterns of niercbandi'C 
between the Dominion of Canada and the United Kingdom :— 



<)/.. I2,'s cents. 



t!io fii!tc I KlnRdoiii 
\:a:xi' o-i i| iivi ry. 
'I Htcninrr r.-oni Port- 
I for i)i«»sl!is tlirousli 

lal l."> ci'iitB R>r cvory 

: to Great Britain the 
tlun.il GJ. HtcrlliiB at* 

t Britain. (. n Thurii* 
Ivy ilip lat'St ir.dls, 
ni nth8 at Por'IunJ, 
:.' rcttjy for Ucljv;>ry 
tii3 d llvciry of ina'.l 

line Troni Liverpool, 
c 1) occiillii;? t/ New 

Saturiiay, railing ut 

imer unless inarkrd 
i.t by tho uiail line 

nc on Satunlny ttom 
from liaUfax every 



Public D3!'artment 
!ila' urc at the Seat u: 
t. L'ttera o!i Her 
Canada to any of ihc 
L-niture, temperance, 

t^ no prinU-d matter 



crc<l, and ob'ain a 

on letlcf'* to tho 

Colonies, :j cents; 

Tito roeliit ration 

but In onler thai a 

rn loss (s sustained 

such iudlvtdual Is 



tes, which must be 

Ui lb. .->7H cts. 

lbs. 50 

5 

shall contain n-'y- 
breoiltli w: thick 
leil but s'.Kirt italil 
'cnmlu iiiipal I 

t the rate of I cent 
i-ontJ). Sho'-t |i8M 
c than 24 hu-lie.s In 
»bli> to liUun.' the 
ned by tho ufflcur-'* 

rn Connttif, 
i»of morchandl'C 



zcf — Canaaa. 



1st. skmples of seeds, drugs, and similar articles for delivery In the United Kingdom, may be sent 
In bags entirely closed, provldtd such bags bo transparent. 

2nd. Scl.-sors. knives, razors, lorks, steel pens, nails, key.i, watch machinery, metal tu Ing, pieces of 
metal or ore, au<f such like articles, are allowed to bo forwarded by post as samples, to tho United 
Kingdom, Qermafay, and Belgium, provided they bo packed so as not to Injure tho malls and the 
officers of the Post OtBce. They must bo so put up as to be easily examined. Any packet found 
Insufficiently guarded will not be forwarded. 

Tattcrns or samples of merchandise now circulate between Canada and the following countries, 
but must not exceed the undermentioned weights and sizes :— 



Destination. 



United Kingdom. 

France 

Pur ugal 

Azores 

Madeira 

0<-rmany 

Kingdom of Italy. 

Helgtuni 

Netherlan<ls 

Denmark 

Swhierland 



Weight. 



24 OS. 

36 " 

16 " 

16 " 

16 " 

8 " 

36 " 

8 •' 

16 " 

48 " 

48 " 



Size. 



24 Inches long or 13 in breadth f 
or depth....... \ 

18 Inches long or 13 in breadth 
or depth 



21 inches long or 12 in breadth 
or depth , 





Sato per oz. 




Not 








exce'dlng 


2 to 4 oz. 


1 to 8 oz. 


8 to 1 lb. 


2 oz. 








Cts. 


Cts. 


Cts. 


Cts. 


7 


7 


\2^ 


mi 


5 


10 


20 


40 


5 


10 


17 


31 


5 


10 


17 


34 


S 


10 


17 


34 


6 


13 


23 


60 


6 


13 


2» 


38 


.^ 


10 


20 


40 


s 


10 


17 


at 


6 


13 


23 


50 


6 


13 


23 


SO 



Should tho above rules not be regarded, tho package will be forwarded charged letter rate, but If 
over weight or the size be greater than is allowed. It wll be sent to the Postmaster Qoneral. 

Umupaper Pott. 

On newspapers published In the Dominion, the postage is, if paid quarterly in advance, either by 
the publisher or by the party to whom it is delivered :— 

Once per week • cents. i 3 times a week > 15 cents. 

Twice " . 10 " I Dally 30 " 

If net paid in advance, I cent each. The commuted rate applies not on'y to papers circulating 
within tho Dominion, but also to subscribers in the United Kingdom, United States, Newfoundland, 
and Prince Edward Island. All papers must t>e pre-paid before leaving Canada, If not at the commuted 
rate, I cent each, but all transient papers, i. «. papers not iVom tho publishers or British newspapers 
posted by news agents to regular subscribers, must bo pre-paid 2 cents each by postage stamps. 

Although news agents at present have tho privilege of mailing newspapers and periodicals received 
by them ttova the United States wumk/, so that tho postage m«y bo collected at the office of delivery ; 
this reguhition will be suspended on the Ist January, 1869,88 flrom that date pre-payment by postage 
stamps on such matter will be compulsory. 

Exchange papers pass/r«e between publiskers in Canada, and also to and from those in the United 
States, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. 

Papers coming fh>m England Ha the United States are charged 2 cents each on delivery. By 
Canadian malls/rM. 

Postage on papers ttom the United States to regular sabscrlbers In Canada, 1 cent. Transient 
United States papers, 2 cents. 

Papen from Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland may be dellvoied to regular subacribeiB at 
the ordinary commuted rate. Transient papers, 2 cents each. 

OanatUan Booh Pott. 
Books and Pamphlets addressed to any phtce In Canada, Prince Edward Island, Newftrandland or 
the United States, must be pre-paid 1 cent per os. by postage Btamp.s. 

BritUh Bock Poit. 
Books may be sent by post between tho Dominion of Canada and Great Britain by Canadian Hall 
Steamers, or by the Inman line, calling at Hal'.fltx, at tho following rates, which v^ust be pre-paid :■— 

Under 4 ou ~ 7 cents, i Over 12 ozs., not exceeding 16 ozs. 23 cenlsi. 

Over 4 ozs., not exceeding 8 ozs I2K " I " 16oss. " 20 ozs......... 32 " 

" 8 0IS. " 12 ozs 19 "I 

By Cnnard, or other steamer sailing ttom New York, the rates are :-> 

Under 4 ozs. 9 cents. I Over 8 ozs., not exceeding U ob8.....» » cents. 

Over 4 ozs., not exceeding 8 ozs.... 17 " I " 12 ozs. " 16 ozs....... 33 " 

Tho rales which guide the transmission of Books by post are ;— 
Ist. Book packets most either have no cover or be open at botb ends or both sides, 
tad. Must contain no writing, or any sealed enclosure. 

3rd. The weight not to exceed 4 lbs. : the size not to exceed 2 fl^et long or I Ibot in wtdtb or depth. 
Intufflcirntly paid books. If ft>r Canada, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, or the United States, 
will be sont to the Dead Letter Office ; but If tar England they will be forwarded, marked with the 
unpaid postage and 3d. sterling as a flpo. 



^•11 i 



132 



Post Office — Canada, 






fj ■ 






ffE:*s 









m 



'■> 



Frmush Book Po»t. 
Books for France to be forwarded at the following rates— mast be sent either by the CaudUamall 
steamers from Portland or Quebec, or by the Iniuan steamers from Balldax :— ' 

Under2oz3 Scents, | Between 4 and 8 ozs 20 cents. 

Between 2 and 4 ozs. 10 " > " 8 ozs. and I lb... 40 " 

iSoney Ordert, 
All Honey Order Offices in tbe Provinces of Quebec and Ontario are antborlzcd to draw on each 
other for any sum up to 100 dollars, and as many orders of 100 dollars each as the applicant may require. 
Tbe following are tbe rates of commission :— 



On O-'lera up to $10 cts. 

Over $10 and up to $20....... 10 " 

" $20 " $»a 20 " 



Over $40 and up to $60. 30 cts. 

" $60 " $dO. ,.40 " 

" $80 " $10a .60 •• 

Money Order* with Qreat Sritatn. 
Money Order Offices in tbe Dominion also draw upon all Money Order Offices In tbe United 
Kingdom for sums up to £10 stg., and grant as many orders under and up to that amount as may be 
needed. * 

On Orders up to £3 stg 26 cts. | Over £} and up to £7 75 cts. 

Over £2 and up to £5. 50 " I Over £7 " £10 .Ml 

Money Order* x,t the Dominion, and wUk Prince Edumrd Iiiand and Nettfotundland. 
Money Order Offices in the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario grant and pay Money Orders on all 
Monoy Order Offices In the Provinces of New Brunswick and Kova Scotia, also Prince Edward Island 
and Newfoundland. These Orders are made payable In sterling money, and for sums up to £10. 

For Orders up to £3 stg .^O cts. | Over £5 and up to £10. 50 cts. 

Postmasters are furnished with lists, and will afford every information required by applicants. 

Moneu Order* in Nova Scotia and New Brunewioli. 
The rules relating to local Money Orders in Quebec and Ontario apply equally to local Orders in 
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, but a slight difference exists in the commission charged, which Is at 
(!»Uows :— 



On Orders up to $10 .....~ 5 cts. 

Exceeding 10 and up to $20 10 " 

•• 20 " 30. 15 " 

30 " ■4a.....20 " 

" 40 " 60. 25 " 



Exceeding $50 and up to $60. .aoots. 

60 •• 7a .39 •' 

" 70 " eo. 40 " 

«0 •' «a .46 " 

flo " loa M " 



The Post Offices at Grand Falls, and BHUboro, VJS., issue Money Orders payable In the Dominion 
and Prince Edward Island, but not on Newfoundland or Great Britain. 

As the advices of Steriiog Orders for Great Britain from the Provinces of Qaebeo and Ontario have 
to pass through the head office at Ottawa, those fh>m Now Brunswick through the head office at 
Fredericton. and those fl-om Nova Scotia through the head office at HaUftuc. these Orders should be 
obtained two or three days before the closing of the British Mall by Canadian or Inman steamer. 
Abstbact of Money Order trar^sactlon'i of the Provinces forming tbe Dominion <^f Canada. 



Tear. 



1897... 

law... 

18.>9... 
1860... 
1861... 
1862... 
1863... 
1864... 
1865... 
1866... 



No. of Orders 
issued. 



24,865 
23,812 
84,347 
35,032 

40,143 
42,009 
09,423 
66,412 



Amount Of Orders 
issued. 



$1,432,104.67 
2,198,1169.27 
1,105,763.12 
I,279;6S0.39 
l,143,229.27}|i 
993.243.28>S 
1,U9.255.W}5 
1,410,202.07 
2,014.112.64 
2.399,203.63 



Oommls'on acr'g 
to P. p. Depart. 



$3,670.00 
6,299.91 
6,224.35 
8329.99 
8362.43 
9.1M.6!i}i 
12,146.49 
11,839.37 
16,679.20 
14,625.42 



No. of Orders 
paid. 



20371 
24,853 
24,191 
8837 
35.739 
S37O 
28,603 
32,224 
47,755 
64,048 



Amount of Orders 
paid. 



$1,431,791.62 
3,197,679.21 
1,081 ,.^36 
l,173,7fl3.»>^ 
1,011,33832 
81038185;ii 
959,111,37 

3.140^99.79 



The Money Order system was established In tbe Provinces of Quebec and Ontario on the 1st 
February. 1855, in that of Nova Scotia on the 1st July, 1859, and in Mew BmnsWiek on tM 1st 
November, 1863. 

Tablb shewing the extent of Mall Service. Postal Bevenne, Ac., in the Dominion of Canada, fo, 

the last 10 years. 



Tear. 



leST. 
1858. 
18.59. 
I860. 
I8S1. 
1*52. 
1863. 
1864. 
18ftV. 
1866. 



No. Post 

and Way 

Offices. 



2,107 
3,201 
^121 
2,434 
2,.'>71 
2,702 
2,842 
3,003 
3,207 
3332 



No. Miles 
-Mall 
Boute. 



No. Miles An'l 
Mall Travel 



19.534 
30,006 
30,616 
21,058 
81323 
22fli3 
22,629 
33,088 
24,149 
35331 



6,6.13.760 
6323322 
6,«J09,'508 
7,141,210 
7,36.1344 
7,661,430 
7,805302 
7,919,916 
8,lO',806 
9,052,697 



Postal: 
Revenue. 



$531,147.9« 
616327.60 
654,4»1.29 
744,(M9.28 
769,744.13 
8H,M2.63}i 
65.1,794.08 
037,197.84 
049,747.46 
990.715.69 



Expenditure. 



$770,.'i02.gi 
805,080.69 
784368.47^ 
830,720.19 
859,68rt.49H 
888,449.44)2 
890330.46 
949,101.64 
1,004,724.37 
1,000338.68 



No. of Letters 

by Post 

per annum. 



10,280,012 
11.215/M4 

?»s 

11,936,504 
11,992,799 
13.501,261 
14,678,634 
15,299,133 
16,834347 



tbeCAudUaiiMll 

t 

... 20 cent*. 
... 40 •• 

cd to draw on each 
llcAnt may require. 



....30 cU. 
„«40 " 
..M •• 



Ices In ttae United 

amount aa may be 

• 

.7&cU. 

..Vl 

iMMidlaiMl. 
Soncy Order* on all 
Ince Edward laland 
ns up to £10. 

..« SO eta. 

by applicant*. 

ly to local Orders la 
ihaiged. wlilcta Is &« 

k .30 eta. 

l M " 

1 40 " 

K .45 " 

l JO " 

lie In the Dominion 



KS 



and Ontario have 
the head offlce at 
Orders should be 
Dsan steamer. 
^f Panada. 

Amount of Ordiers 
paid. 



|l.431,751.«8 
2,1U7,679.21 

1,173,793%^ 
1,011.338.32 

ein.A8i89;ii 

939,111^ 



tntarlo on the lat 
Motkik on tM Ist 

m of Canada, fo. 



J'osf Office — Canada. 



No. of IaMMts 

by Pott 
per annum. 



10,280,013 
11.215,044 
10,7«S,27« 
11M978 
11,V9«,904 
ll.9g2,7<» 
13,801,2B1 
14,678,624 
15,295,133 
10,834,347 




i% 



134 



Post Offue'—Canada. 



!*-■'•»,,■ 



■•;». 



Tabu or BAisa to BrltUh Colonies and Forclsn OountrlcB, passing through the United Kingdom, 

per Canadian Steamer. 


Country, &c. 


Not over 
>4 oz. 


Above }4 
0/., and nut 
over, 'a oz. 


Above >a 
oz. anil Dot 
over % oz. 


Above U 
oi. uiul nut 
over 1 oz. 


Above 1 
uz. uml not 
Over l,'4 oz. 


I'.cgistratlon Fee. 


AlRcrta 


CU. 


Cts. 

31 
23 
23 
23 
23 
23 
19 
33 
23 
23 
39 
35 
30 
60 
33 
40 
19 
60 
23 
34 
46 
23 
58 
36 
36 
23 
35 
17 
.33 

:.j 

40 
23 
S3 
46 
23 
33 
23 
23 
23 
.36 
33 
36 
23 

23 

27 
23 
36 

58 

m 

33 
23 
31 
23 
.35 
23 


Cts. 
51 


Ct:S. 

68 
46 
46 
46 
40 
46 

;» 

70 
46 
46 
70 
70 
60 

1.20 
70 
U3 
38 

1.20 
40 
68 
93 
46 

1.1« 
72 
72 
46 
70 
34 
70 
60 
80 
4< 
70 
03 
46 
70 
46 
46 
46 
72 
70 
72 
40 

46 

M 
46 
72 
1.16 
120 
70 
46 
62 
46 
70 
46 


CU. 

83 

92 

92 

92 

92 

92 

76 

1.40 

92 

92 

1.40 

1.40 

1.20 

2.40 

1.40 

1.16 

57 

2.40 

93 

1.16 

93 

1.45 

1.44 

1.44 

92 

1.40 

68 

1.40 

1.20 

100 

93 

1.40 

1.10 

92 

93 

02 

92 

92 

144 

1.40 

1.44 

92 

92 

8i 

92 

1.44 

1.45 

2.40 

93 

92 

1.21 

92 

1.40 

93 


Cts. 

17 per >4 0Z. additional 

23 

25 

23 

24 

23 

23 

25 

25 

33 

23 

29 

23 

23 

23 

23 per M OS. additional 

23 

23 

25 

l7per>^oz. addltior al 

23 per ;4 oz. addmonal 

23 

29 per H OS. additional 

23 

23 

23 

29 

23 

25 

25 

23 

25 

23 

23 per J^ OS. additional 

a 

25 
25 
25 
25 
23 
23 
25 
25 

25 

25 
23 

25 

29 per ^ OB. additional 

23 

19 per )i OS, additional 

25 

23 A 8 c.post.p.}<OB.ad. 

25 
i 


Australia, Sou'b 


Australia, Woot ■ 




Austria 




Bttlen 






Bavaria 







Balglum 






B azil 






Bremen 







Brun.'^v^lctc 












Caps of Good Hope. 









Ohii 






China 







Constantlnupic 

Danmark 


23 


70 


Gc iailur 










. 


'jrrancc 


17 
23 


01 
70 


Galatz > 


Gibraltar 




2» 


87 




Guatemala 






liamburg 







Hoytl 




•■•.■•••>.••■**■*■ 


Ho lan'l 







Hong Kon;; 







India 






Ionian Islands 

Italy 


23 


GO 


Jiipan 






Jerusalem 


23 


70 


1 ubcck 


Maleira 


23 


58 


Malta 


Mnurltlus 





•• •« •••••••• 


Mecklenbunr 






Mexico 







Natal 






New G;'cna'!n 






New South Wiilos... 






New Zealand h Tas- 


f .....M. ■■■.■.• 








OMenbunr. 






Pnnania 




•• 


PanalStatts 


29 


87 


iVrw , 


Portu(?al 

PniRfita . . 


23 


58 


Russia 







Saxo GoburgGotba. 










Victoria 












steamers. 

Postage Slampa. ' 

ftollowlng values :->i cent, 1 cent. 2 cenU, 3 ceats, « cent:. 12X cents, and 15 cents^ Conunlaslon on 
sales per cent. 

Bill Stamps are Issued to about 700 of the principal Post Offices tn the PrortnoM of Ontario and 
Quebec to. sale to the public, of the values ofl, 2, 3, 4 5. «, 7. 8, 9, 10, 30^ 30^ 40, and M cents, laid 
1, 2, and 3 doUars each. Commission on sales 9 per cent. 

law Stamiw. 

fi<vMrat{oii £tampt. 
Beglstratton Stamps are Issued by thirty ot the larger offices of the Prorinoe of <)aebee, of the 

K^t QBiM 8avhtg$ BcMifa. 
Bank, atid no amount exceeding $300 will be received from any depositor In one year, ending the aoth 



falUsl Kingdom, 



SUtratlon Fee. 



r hi ox. additional 



r 3^01, additional 



r?^os.addlUoral 
rjjoz. additional 

irii 01. additional 






!r>^oz. additional 



)^ 01. additional 

^ OS, additional 

ic.po6t.p.)<oi.ad. 



id by Urn Onnard 



•tampa of the 
OommiMion on 



of Ontario and 
ad BO oenta, tnd 



vlDoeofQaebec. 
QnetMO, of the 



i OflBott SaV.ngs 
ending the aoth 



I'ost Office — Newfoundland. 



135 



Depositors must utvo their Christian and surname In Aill, occupation and residence, at the time or 
DiUAlnj t'.is flr.<l UcposU. 

I.Uorcst yi\'.\ b? allowed to depositors at the rate of four per cent, per annum, which will begin on 
t'.ie Qrtit Cvs of t'.i-j month next after the deposit Is mode, and will ecose ca the first day of the month 
1.1 wjlch t:io money U wlthdrawi!. Interest will be calculated to the 30tb June each year, and added to 
t'.u principal. 

DjposKs may be made by any person. If under 10 years of age, a declaration on his or her behalf 
must bs maJi! by a parent or f.lend of the minor. Deposits may be made by single or married women, 
but will on'y bs re-pa'.U to the depositor. 

Depositors can at any tlm'j obtain rc-payment of the whole or portion of their deposits. In ordinary 
account, on application to tha Postmoster Gsncral, on a form provided for that purpose. A cheque fbr 
the amount w.U bo sent to the depositor, payable at any Post Office Savings Bank he may choose to 
name. 

Depositors must forward their books once each yea' to the Postmaster General, on the anniversary 
of the day of the Qrst deposit, In order that the entries therein may be compared with the entries In the 
boolu of Ihu PoJtmoiter Osneral, and that the Interest occr.Ung to the previous 30th Juiie may be 
added to the principal. Ko charga for postage wlU be exacted for the transnrisslon of books, forms, of 
letters, rcspsctlns Savings Ba k b slncES. 

A depositor may, when he has SlOO or more at his credit In the Savings Bank, transfer the same in 
even hundreds ofdallars to a special deposit account bearing Ave per cent. Interest. 

Special deposits wll! be rc-payablo to the depositor upon a previous notice of three months. 

For statistics of deposits made, see the article on Savings Banks In another part of this volume. 

Statement shewing the Correspondence, ftc, between Canada and Europe, by Canadian 

Steamers. 



Year. 



ISOI 

I M 



To and from Canada. 



Letters. I Papers. B )ol:s. 



371,307 
5J2,;V.3 
877.1)00 
gflO,tl00 
8UO.00O 



414,014 

d3l,n->8 

9UI,llOO 

08.'>,()W) 

1,046,000 



7,r>% 
ll.CtfJ 
21,400 
27,290 
31,000 



To and froni 
United Statps. 



Letters. Papers, 



192,499 
IC6,I99 
311.000 
330,000 
300,OU) 



20«,90'> 
201,085 
3.0,000 
3011000 
300,000 



Annual 
Bovenue. 



8 c. 

140,951 .06 
142,837 81 
149,771 32 
153,<J71 06 
147,179 31 



Average Passage. 


East. 


West. 


d. h. 


d. b. 


11 15 


1217 


11 8 


13 14 


11 11 


12 19 


10 23 


11 1 


10 22 


12 



Mean. 



d, b. 

12 4 

13 11 
12 3 
11 
11 11 



NEWFOUNDLAND. 



" 



Postmaster General, John Delaney, Esq. ; Chief Clerk, Accountant and Superintendent of Money 
Order Offlce, James Healy. 

LtUer Po$ta0e. 

Letters circulating within the Province, if pre-paid by stamps, 5 cents per >^oz ; if not so pal* 
double postage will be charged on delivery. To the Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Neva Scotia aai 
New Brunswick (except the City of Halifax, N. S., anl Sydney, 0. B.,) 13 cents per M oz. To the CStji 
orHalKhx, N. S., and Sydney, 0. B., 10 cents per >i oz. To Prince EJward Island, the Unite ' States L' 
ar.d Wost Indies, eta B rmuda, when poiUsd at St. Johns, 10 cnnts per }i oz. ; when posted at c^utporta 
13 cents per >£ oz. To the United Kngdom, 12 cents. Vanconver's Island, British Oolambla, Soatlt 
America (east and west coast of) via Bermuda, 34 cents per }i oz. Parties wishing to sell PoBtagn 
Stamps will bo allowed a commission of 5 per cei t. 

All letters sent from or posted for delivery within Newfoundland must be pre-paid by Postace 
Stamps, or double postajc will be charged to the receiver. 

Letters fbund to contain coin posted for the Uaited Kingdom, not registered, will be fbrwardaC 
charged with a double registration fee. • 

Tulle <tf Foreign Bates. 



Per 

oz. 



Algeria 

Aust-ali I 

Austria 

Badiu 

Bavaria 

Belgium 

Bel zo (Hon- 1 

duras) i 

Bollvio 

B ozll 

Bremen 

B-nnswIck 

Buenos Ayrc-... 
Cans of Good ) 

Hope / 

•Oe^lon 

Chill ».. 



Per 
oz 



10 



(Thlna 

Cuba 

C >u8 antinope 

Denmark 

Ecuador 

B.Typt 

Kraiice 

Oalatz 

Gibraltar 

Greee , 

Gr^ytown 

G'atemala 

Hamburg 

Hiytl 

Ho'land 

India 

Ionian I lands. 



Per 
oz 



20 



32 



10 



Per'l 



oz. 



Italy (except 1 
Papal (itatesj 

Lanarco. 

Lubeck 

Madeira 

Malta 

Mau Itlus 

Mecklenburg ... 

Mexico 

Naples 

Natal^ 

NewGrcna a.. 
NenrS'thWalOi 
New Zealand.. 

Norway. 

Oldenburg 

Papal States... 



Per 
oz. 



22 



22 



23 



Per 
oz 

44 

32 
32 
32 
44 
22 
23 
31 
44 
31 
34 
22 
23 
20 
22 
44 



Pent ft Westi 
Coast... ..../ 

Poland 

Porto BIco 

Portugal 

Prussia. 

Ruasla....^........ 

S'th America 1 
(W. aud E. I 
Coast) ew | 
Bermuda.... J 

S't'i America^ 
(West Coast >• 
eta England j 

Tasmania 

Tenedos 

Thesme........ 



Per 
oz, 



22 



Per 

a 

ox. 



"ii 



M'- 



"0 






^^ , 



*;v 






''I V. 



b^ 



1S6 



Post Office^British Columbia. 



Parcel Pott, 
OlOMd paroeU may be forwarded from any Poat Office wltttlB the Inland to •ny office (not « Way 
Office) at the following rates:— 

Leas tban 1 lb 20centa. l Over21bi.,notexceodlngaibf MconUt. 

Over 1 lb., not exceeding 2 lbs 40 " I RogUtratlon Fee A " 

No parcel shall exceed 3 lbs., or bo more than l foot In length or breadth, or ilx Inches thick. 
No parcel shall contain anything likely to li\)ure the mall, under penally of the parctM buliig farfDltcd. 
The name and address of the sender should bo written on the parcel, so that should It fall n-om any cause 
to reach Its destination, It may be rr 'urned to tho sender, who will be charga<l 20 cents for the recon- 
veyance. No letter mobt be enclosed. The parcel should have the words by " Parcel Post" written 

Above the address. 

Book Pott with Great Britain. 

The following are the rates on Books, Pamphlets and Magazines for Qreat Britain— tho postage on 
which must be pre-paid :— 

Not exceeding 4 0Z9 6 cents. I Exceeding 8oxs.,and not exceeding 1 lb.24oottts.> 

Bxceding 4 ozs., and not exceeding 8 ozs..ia " | Adding 12 cents for ovory additional 6 ois. 

ilfon«v Orderi, 

MoneyOrders are Interchanged with the United Kingdom, the Dominion of Canada, and Prlnoo 
Edward Island, at the following rates:— 

For the United Kinadom, 

Upto£28tg Is. stg. I From £3 to £7 3s.atg. 

Vrom £2 up to £5. 2s. " | From £7 to £10. u. " 

For the Dominion <tf Canada and Prince Edward Ittand, 

Up to £5 stg Is. stg. I From £1U to £13 stg „„„. at ttg. 

From £3 to £1G stg 2s. " | From £13 to £20 stg 4«. " 

No single order can be granted for more than £20, and no )gil, to bo Introduced. 

Tabik shewing tho extent of Mall Service, Postal Revenue, Ac, in Newfoundland, from 1BS2 to 1M7 

Inclusive. 





No. of 


No. of 


No. Miles 


No. Miles 


Postal 
Revenue. 


Expondl- 
turu. 


UrItlRh 




Year. 


Post 


Way 


of Mall 


Annual 


I'ookut 






Offices. 


Omces. 


Kou OS. 


Mall Travel. 


I'OStUgM, 




1862 


15 


2 


750 


ss.ouo 


$1,063 


$7,CU0 


SU,3.M 




1803 


15 


2 


7.')0 


55 (iO 


1,428 


7,ftW) 


6,187 


PoNtugoup'tothispc- 
_ Hod IM, p. OB. letter 


1834 


13 


6 


730 


53,0t0 


1,724 


8.690 


4,:m 


1855 


16 


7 


750 


5.'i,0 


3,194 
5 quart's 


} 8,545 


4,430 


PoHtttgorciluocdthls 
year to 6d. per k 


1896 


16 


14 


850 


61,000 


2,688 


9,784 


4,584 


OK. letter. 


1857 


16 


14 


850 


eioto 


2 8.36 


11,(123 


3,88>» 




1858 


16 


15 


851) 


61,(00 


2,328 


12,981 


4,;i20 




1839 


16 


15 


85) 


61, to 


2,990 


13,081 


4,248 




1860 


17 


13 


1,136 


75,' CO 


. 4217 


17.058 


ft,' 33 




1861 


17 


13 


1,136 


75,C(I0 


4,678 


16,195 


4,728 




. 1862 


17 


16 


1,136 


7!>, 01 


4,273 


13,337 


4,:)2>) 




'1863 


17 


18 


1.136 


64.100 


4,400 


14 615 


4,848 




1864 


18 


21 


1,136 


64 too 


4,439 


15,047 


4,848 




1865 


18 


24 


1,136 


64.0 


4,965 


10 489 


* 4,732 




1866 


18 


24 


1,300 


67,000 


5 075 


16,143 


4,806 




1867 


IB 


28 


1,358 


68,100 


5,014 


17^00 


4,848 





KOTB.— Exelosiva of tho rontes, Ac, given In this table, a otesmer mm North siid fbiuth attomataly evsty 
fortnight, landlDir malls at 2i Po^t and Way ofllacM on her r^ute, for wliioh mttIm a aublliV Ik I aid by tho I<ooal 
CtoTemment if tS)^ o p«r annum. The dUtanco to Twllli. gats, Uui Mortbero tMrmhtus, Is 180 mlltw, and lo VbaUMl, 
the Bonthem-muat Fort of oall, 37U mliea ; total, (UO mUea. 

Abstbact of Money Order transaction*. 



Tear. 



1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 



Orders 
Issued. 



508 
590 
796 
916 



Amount of 
orders 
Issued. 



Coiumls. 

accruing to 

Revenue. 



$ 8,954.86 
10 369.32 
13,181.86 
18,920.61 



$218.40 
257.28 
329.50 
381.61 



No. 
Orders 
Paid. 



72 
117 
263 
217 



Amount of 
Orders Paid. 



$1,570.84 
2,342.00 
3,ft iM 
4,469.00 



Total 

iMusd and 

Paid, 



380 

70T 

1,'AI 
1,133 



Total amount 

of Ordoni 
Iistted * Paid. 



|in,03S.7O 
i».in.«3 

20388.34 
83,38».61 



BRITISH OULUHBIA. 

Arthur T. Bushby. Registrar General of Brittoh Colnmbla. I* «lM Bttperlnt^ndant ff ilia Post 
Office Department, tbe battd office of which Is at New Westminster; blao^olalitaffoonatataofoue 
clerk, Mr. V B. Talt. Tho colony aUo pays the salary of a Postmaster at the Cariboo Mlnsi, and etnoe 
It has be«a united to Vancouver's Island a Postmaster at Victoria. Oonitablea at the dlflbrent towoa 
and mining camps generally act as postmasters. Toll coUeotore, deputy aberiflk, aad other offlclala are 
•mployM In this capacity. 

Inland letter rates are 12)i( cents to a point about half way from VIotorta to Cariboo, beyond 
that point 25 eents per ^ os. Newspapen, 2 cents each. To Oreal BrttalB U ccBta, and to the 
Dominion 10 cents. 



06 (not « Way 



-tbi poiUge on 



id»i«nd Prinoe 



Post Office — Prince Edward Island. 



lar 



The folio wl ng ■UtlHtlo ihe w the extent of postal oper«tion8 tn Bi itUh Columbia flroui 1662 to 1 666 :— 



Year. 



1862., 
1863. 
!<««. 
1865. 
1866. 



No. of 
OtUcei. 



7 
8 
IS 
16 
17 



No Miles 
Post Roads. 



600 
7flO 



No. Miles 
Mall Travel. 



94,000 
im).000 
190,1 «U 
100 ooo 



Bb venue. 



$1873 

7,900 

11.000 

13,000 

0,329 



Expenditure. 



t23.87S 
16,900 
27,0U0 
41,000 
39,160 



No. of 
Letters. 



22,000 
30,1100 
33,000 
30,000 



No. of 
Papers. 



14.000 
12,1100 
10,IHI0 
11.U00 



In 1864 a uniform rate of pottage was cbargcd on letters and papers of \2ii cents, and the revenue 
Inoreased about 60 per cent. In 1865 the malls wore desi-atched more fVequently, and the mileage was 
Increaaed. This change had also the eflbct of increasing the revenue, but as the expenditure was also 
considerably more, It was found expedient again to reduce the number^f trips fiom New Westminster to 
the mining districts flrom twice to once per week. From this cause, although the expenditure for 1866 had 
advanced Ss/KK) beyond what It was in 1864, when the number of miles of maH travel was the same, yet 
the revenue fell below what It had been before the changu took place by $1,500. 

The number of letten as given above do not shew the real amount of corre spondence in the Colonr 
aa the exprera oompanlea carry about half as many more as are forwarded by the pOst office. The rates 
of postage on these are, however, the same as on those forwarded by mall, and the amount thus collected 
U banded over to the Oovemmont. 

The above statistical returns do not include Vancouver's Island which haa hitherto been under Ite 
own local control, bu^ flrom the beginning of 1867— the returns for which year have net yet come to 
hand— the postal aflklrs of Vancouver and British Columbia will merge into one. The postal revenue 
of Vancouver's Island is estimated at between $12,000 and $13,000. 

The Post Office in this colony suflfbrs very much, as it necessarily does in all new countries, from 
the bod state of tho roads throughout a great part of the year, want of bridges and the sparseness of the 
population, which is the grealer because, the gold regions being in the interior, settlers are drawn away 
from tbe^ea coast before the lands near the shores areltaken np. Another drawback Is that of having no 
direct or regular communication with Great Britain, or any other country. Steamers ply somewhat regu- 
larly to Ban Francisco, but at this point all regularity ceases, sometimes the malls arc taken on by private 
ship, sometimes by an occasional steamer, and at others by one of Her Mi^csty's cruisers. A contract 
woa entered into for the conveyance of malls over this part of the route In 1867, by the authorities at 
Vancourer'a Island, but their inability to continue the subsidy terminated this arrangement. Negotia- 
tlons are, however, in progreu, which it is hoped may be brought to a satisfactory issue. 



PBINOB BDWARD ISLAND. 



Lemuel C. Owen, Esq., Postmaster General, Oharlottetown; Peter OesBrlsay, Esq., Aasistant 
Wellington Faught, Additional Assistant. 

Letter Pottage. 

On letters circulating within the Island, the postage (If pre-paid) is 2d, per ^ oz.; If unpaid, 4d, 
To the Province of Nova Scotia (If pre-paii ) 3d. ; If unpaid, 6d. To the Provinces of New Brunswick; 
Ontario and Quebec, 3d., pre-payment optional. United States, 6d. per H oz. California and Oregon, 
M. To the United Klngdrm, not exceeding ^ oz., if pre-paid, 9d. ; if unpaid, a fine of 9d. will be 
charged additional on delivery, if sent by Canadian Steamer. By Boyal Hall Steamer viaUnlted 
State*, Sd. atg. per H oz. if pre-paid ; if unpaid, 6d. stg. additional. To Bermuda, Newfoundland and 
Brltlrti Weat Indies, Od.— 3d. of which must be pre-paid. New Zealand, Australia, or India, Is. AH^i.^ 
pie-payment oompnlsory. 

Book Pott, 

Books may be forwarded to the United Kingdom at the following rates :— 

Under 4 ozs *>iA. i Over 8 ozs. and under I lb la. 6d. 

Over 4 ozt. and under 8 ozs 9d. I and 9d. additional every 8 ozs. 

Printed Tsatter, Prices Current, and Hand-bills, Id. per oz. 

Printed Olrculvs In envelopes, under 1 oz, weight, id. each, must be pre-paid. 

Neunxtptf*. 
Newspapers to the United Kingdom, fne. Newspapers fbr Newfoundland, Bermuda, and the 
West India Islands, and Foreign Countries, must be pre-paid Id.^stg. each ; on those to India and Aus- 
tralia, 3d. stg. each, must be pre-paid. 

Pare«( Patt. 

Parcels may be forwarded at tho following rates:— 

Underllb i8.3d. | Exceeding 2 lbs., and under 3 lbs 38.9d. 

Sxceedlng 1 lb., and under 2 lbs 2». 6d, I Beglstratlon Fee 3d. 

The parcel must ba posted under the following conditions:— No parcel must exceed 3 lbs. in weight 
or 1 font *n length; the postage must bo pre-paid by stamps; the words "By Parcel Post" must be 
plainly written on tho outside. No letters can be enclosed. When the nogie and address of tlio 






188 



Post Office — Prince Edward Island. 



> * 



1 










n 



tending party aro written on the. outsldaofth^) parcel, should It fall In delivery. It will be returned to 
the party posting lr, ParccU can bo rcgUtered by pre-paying 3d. additional In postage stamps. 

The maiU from P. E. Islaud for Nova Scotia, Ac, are mode up twice a week during the summer, 
both for PI. tou and Brute, and for New Di-u iswlck and the United States, via Shedlac, three tlmc«. 
Btearcon are under contract with the Ckivernment to perform this service. During the winter thoae 
luallsall crosi by Ice-boat from Cape Traverse to Oape Tormentlne thrtco a week. To the Un'tcd 
Kingdom, Bermuda, Newfoundland, and West Indies, twice every alternate week throughout the year- 

Mon«)f Ord«r$, 

Money Orders may be obtained at the Post Offlce at Ohorlottetown fbr the Provinces of Ontario and 
Quebec, up to the value of £20 sterling! and for the Prp"lnces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia up to 
£10 sterling, far which tbo following rates will be charged ;— 

Not exceeding £3 sterling. is. stg. I E.xceedlng £5 stg.. and not exceeding £10... Si. tig. 

These rates also apply to Newfoundland. 

Money Oritr$ vUK Oreat Britain, 

The Post Offlce at Charlottetown will also issue Money Orders on all Money Order Offloee In Orcat 
Britain at the fallowing rates:— 

"Not oxccedlnR £3 stg Is. stg. I Exceeding £5 and not exceeding £7 3s. stg. 

Exceeding £2, and not exceeding £.% 28. stg. I E.xceedine £7 and not exceeding £ia 4a. stg. 

No Order will bo granted 'or more than £10 Sterling. 



The amount of Money Ordtts issued in the United States for the fiscal year ended 30th June, 18M 
was a IVactlon under $1,000,000 ; during the succeeding year, ending 30th Junr, 1867, it had Increased to 
upwards of $!> 0,000. ov from an averi^e of 11 cents per head of the population to 30 cents per hra(.'« 
Which, after n.aking the necessary deductions for the Increue of population, shows an increaee of con- 
Blderably more than 100 per cent, per inhabitant. 

In Orcat Britain, the amount of Money Orders Issued, In 1866, was |iao,000/XIO, or an average of |6 
per head. 

Oancda shews an Issue of 82,399.294 in 1866t helng about 66c. per bead. 



In the United Kingdom, In 1866, the nnmber of letters delivered through the post was 730,000j000, or 
24 to each individual, being 13 ' per family. 

In the Dominion, for the same period, 16,334,347 were so delivered, averaging 5 for each Individual, 
or 25 per family. 

The United States shew U letters per head, or fiS each family. 



The number of depositors In the Savings Banks in Oreat Britain, in 1866, was 794,!!S8, and the iMlanoe 
due them wjs $10,523,052. The number of Postal Savings Banks was 3,907. 

Thennmberof depositors in the Dominion, for the four months ended 31st July, 1868, was 3,746; 
and the amonnt deposited $277,799 ; and tho number of Savings Binks in operation w.ts 203. 

The averate amount deposited by each depositor in Oreat Britain Is $S3 s and In the Dominion 
$t01. 

The average amonnt deposited per head of the population in Oreat Britain Is $1.35. In Oanoda aa 
yet hut 10 cents, but the system has only been a faw months lu operation. 



Post Office. 



139 



LwT or Post Ovriccs, aiinwi a which idsve Money Obd sm, bkll vabious kimdh or Stamp*, and 
r.KC2ivr. Savin-qb, uo or TELcoaAPii Orricn in tiii Domimiom or Camaua (nlptiarHitlcaUr 

nr/uiiB?iJ.) 

fT:»ol'<ttcr'0.,Q ,N B., N.S.,nftor the nauieB, I'lotr tbo Province In which the office Ir. «ltuat*-d. 
n . tu I \i fjr Movt'j unit Mice, b, mil Sfar.ips. I, Law St imp '. r, nroMrGlUm Stamp: t, Taharaoh 
a> UiuiiB H, ,<a»iMi/* Lauk*. Maincj nurisou " a:v> Ttlteraph Statiotu omit,) 



Abhot'Ai Corn-TN Q. 

A'jbDlJib.O, y 

AKTiirl r, O 

A c\o-:i,0 t b 

At, rrjylj.O 

Ab:i:; lon.t) 

Ajoiu'jn-unll'i'.N.U. 
Aca;llaMI:i(!si,N.U... 

\:iu.t, NU 

Acton, O ni bl 

A'.ao:iVtt!',Q sm bl 

• Aclo.i Wosi.U 

Arlunmvlll,'. o L 

VI.)ol:y, Q 

A.lillnjton k'orks.N.S. 

A'lilt ;<>ii, (> 

A'lclaUe.U in b 

A«l in-, «> 

AdniOiiton, (). 

A'lol|>hii8ti)wii,0. ... 
AlvOi-a'cUarb., NJ3. 

A.tlnroui t, O 

AlisaCrals.U mbt 

AIO. Q 

Albert BIdce, Nil... 
A bcrt Mini's, N.D... 

Albcr:o!i,0 b 

Ali'Ion, o... bm 

Albion Hills. N.S. ... 

Albury, O 

A'»lbo:o'.0 b 

Allorsriot, O 

Alle;vlll?,0 

AUxander'aP't, N.B. 

Als-xandiia, s b m 

A'.lVoJ.O 

A'^TonciuIn, 

Ala'iburj.O, 

A'landalc Mills, 0... 

A'lan Park, O 

Allan'u Comers, Q... b 

A!lon!lal",0 mt 

A'linforcl, O 

A'llsonvillp, U 

Allls'.on.O 

A'loa.O 

A'lutnotto Island, Q. bl 

Alma, <) 

A'raa. N.8 

Alulra, b 

Almonto, ■ mbt 

Alport, O 

AlU>n, 

A^U>na, 

Alvanlcy, O 

Alvliiston,0 

A:ab3rl3y,0 

AmMloBbnrg, 

Amhcr t Pilnt, N.8. 

Am'iomt, N.S m t 

Am*isr3tburg,0...s mbt 

Amiens,0 

An:a.tt7r,0 tmb 

Anclonno Lorettc. Q. 

And3r8on,<) 

fAndovor, N.B m 

An:;o Ourdlen, Q 

An3Xi(i,0 tmb 

jAnna-rancs. N.B 

AmapoIls.N.S m t 

AntlRonls'JC ,N.S m t 

Antrim, O 

Antrl:n, N8 

oApatroquo 

A')')ln,0 

AVplcbv.O 

Apple Blvor, N 8. ... 

A-)pl3ton, U mb 

Apaby. O 

Aplo. O 

A-fUbaM Hcflom'l, 

N.B ! 

Arde&.O 

Ar:1osi.O 

Ardtrea,0 

A7Tyl?. N8 

Anorlo. O 



II IT) L 

.••.m b 



A-lc'ul!.N3..., 
A-: a ;. N3.., 

A.-::-.i,».. 

A-::o;:a, O 

A:-::v,rI.;;it.O. 

Ar.l:cto:i.O 

AT.:a:,h, Q 

i\T\: a li.Q. 

A Ki troi^J Br'k, N.B. 
A-iisf rop.u's Cor., N B. 

A nolt,0 

Arnp.ioi-,0 mil bt 

Aroiii»toi.li, N B 

A;o», U 

Art :Hliu.s:.iiSi'n, Q , b It 

Arthur, O h lu b 

A thiirci;o, N.B 

.Vruiiiicl, Q 

Arva, O m b 

A cot Corners, Q.... 

AB'ibiirii, U 

Ati!ibr.rni:am, ().... 

Ashg.ov.', O 

Astiton, O 

Ashton 8 atlon. Q. 

A'l'iwo th,<) 

'■■Aipcy Bay.N.S.... 

Atho, O 

Athclttten.Q bl 

AthciiH, O 

Ath«rlpy, 0.. 
Aficrtor, O.. 

Athloiio.O tn 

At'iol.O 

Attirclliro.O b 

Aublgny, Q 

Aubrey, Q. 

Aubu'ii, 

A'JTlni.O 

A'Jltsvl.lc, mbt 

Aurora, O smbt 

Av:>nIn,T,0 b 

Avignon, Q 

Avuca, Q 

Avo'.i. O 

Aronbant,©. ... 
Avonr.iorc.O. ... 
Avonport,N.8... 

Aronton, 

Aycr'.i Fla«.Q.. 
Ayl28ford. N. S. 
Aylmor (B>, Q...8mbr 

Aylra?r(W.),0 amb 

AylwIn.Q t 

Ayr, O anibt 

Ayton,0 

Biby'a Point, 

U. SettU-roont. Wo?t 
ro-nw»mt.. n.8. ... 

Bad I ck.NS t » 

Bidd»ck Briui(C,N.8. 

Baden, <) m t 

BaTot, O 

BicotvlliisQ. 

HuioV rto, N.B m 

BiloVcnc Road, N.B 
B I'Icy'a Broi W-, N.S. 

B'Hlnrg»rn. Q 

Bl'leboro'.O m h 

B llllc*'et:l"'nV,N.B 

Balrdvlll -, N.B 

Bikcr's'^roof.N.B... 

Bi'-cravHJe, O 

Ba'deri'on.O 

ndivl'». O 

B I'laiitr.ic, o 

Bininafad.n b 

niilTcroT,0 

Ballyduir. O b 

Ballymot(\o 

B dmcr's Island, 0.. 

Ba'moral. b 

Balsim.O 

Baltimore. O ni 

Bambersr, 0........ 

Bin In, O... 

Bandon, U 



raii.:;or, O 

nanimc: bunt O 

B.r cuKM.B 

iiarachrdH do bla.- 

b..v,Q 

n Ik L kc, O 

Ban esvl lo, N B 

Br itt.O b 

B II lie 'a Live, N.8. 

Bjrnsto'i.Q bl 

n rrle, -m b' 

'•'Dunlc Btutlon. O... I 

B iriliigtuii, N.» m ( 

Birrliitton, Q 

Da rInctoiP k'ip.NS. 
Bar I'.'aB a h, N8. 

Bar Ib'g. N B 

BartunxMc, O l 

Bass I.lvir. N B 

Uaj-.wood Killer, N.B. 

Ba h, U t lulD 

Bath, N.I' 

Bithui. t. N.B I vn 

Baibursi Vi lagc, N.B. 

Ball tar, Q I r( 

BktIsruii HrlilKo, Q. 

B ttcis a,U 

Cattery Ml. N.s... 

B yiluViii,N.B 

BajU- 'd,0 smb 

Baylicl'l. N B 

lloyUcId, ^.^• 

Ba ham, O _ 

BajSt Liwrpi.cc, N 8. 

B yM'Ic. N B 

oBayVcrtc.N.B t 

Bsiic'.ibug. O t m b 

BeachvlIlP, 0......,...ui b 

Beams II lo.O s mbt 

Boa ■ B ouk, U b 

B arlslanit.N.B- ... 

Boai- Point. N.b 

B:auhri:oU, Q...8 m b r 

Be uUc, Q 

Bcnmont.Q 

Bsauport, Q 

Beaurlv gc, Q 

B;a.crBn't,N.««.... 
Boa vcr Brook, N B... 
BoavcrlTnrb.N B... 
BoavcrBlvcr.NH.... 

Bsavcrt n, O amb 

Bscancour. (I r 

Bsea'ie.niii Stat'D, Q. b t 

Bi'df rd.Q mblr 

Bsdford Ba.-ln, N.S... 

Bscbc Pliiln Q 

Baech Hill. N 8. 

Bstron, Q 

Batfast. <i) 

Belforrt O b 

BeTountal", 

Bal'ravo, O 

B3lhavcn,0 

BcUednne, N.B 

BallodurpKh.NB. 
B»llel8lo Bay. N.B... 
Bellc'.slo. C.'cck. N.B. 

*BcllP Rlrc, O 

BallQ Rhicre. Q 

B «lli;V<TU.\ C >vr, NA 

Bs'lcvllle, O. a mbt 

Be'lcvllle. N.l' 

BollcvouaVIII., N.B. 

Bell En-«tt.O tmb 

Bsllrock, O 

B ir- Co n''r». O m b 

•Blmort, N.B t 

Belmo't, 

B lm"rp.0 b 

♦BMokII BrHgo, O. ... 

Bolcel f<tatlon, Q.... 

Baleell Village. O. b I 

})p'jrpi>H Cove, H.B. 

Bend N.B m 

BantnlllT. <> 

Bonnie's Corners. O. 



Bensf rt, O 

Bontlcy, O 

Barcsford. Q | 

E.rKorvillc, Q 

Bcikdey, b^. 

Brlln. u a mbt 

Bcr- e,0 

Barrytoii, N.B 

Be s mis, Q 

'•Bcrtlo,o t 

n.l tiller ('iitas) Q. 
B 'thi r (en haul) 

Q ambltr 

Bcrvl-'. <• 

Baiwick, N.S 

Berwick, O b 

Bethany, O m b 

H thil. Q 

Brtbunc, Q 

Bcwdlcy, O 

Blc, Q.. *...tbl 



•MenvlUe. Q 

Dig liank. N.B 

I'IgBras ii'Or,N.8... 

BgCovc, N B 

Big Oh-.cc Bay, N.8. 
Big Ilaibor, A...S... 
Bit In crval. Gratd 

Narrowcs, N.8...... 

BIj Interval Martia- 

rco. N.S 

Big luland, N,)" 

Bi,'; Lorain . N.B....~ 

BigPorU. N8 

BIT Port ic Bear, N 8. 
Bllllngo' B l''i,c. 0. 

BllITo»n,N.S 

Blnbrcok, O 

BIrchton Q 

BIrkhull.O 

M rroli.ghani, O 

Birr.O b 

Bl8hp'8Mlll8,0 

BIu' k Bro< k. N.B... 

BhckCirk.O b 

Black Heath. <> 

Black I and, N.B 

I lick Pdnt, N.^ 

Black River, N.B. ... 

Black nver,N.i< 

P'&ck RIv Brli<gc. N.B. 
Black l{|v.St-tn,Q. t 

Black Bock. N.8 

P*ack SantiB, N.S...... 

BIsckvllle, K B....~ 

Blulr. b 

Bliilrtrn.O Bm 



B'andfor'i'.Q, 
Bla'>dford.M 



S.. 



BlantjTo, O 

Blesslngton, O 

Blisaaeld. N B 

nilsBvtIle.NB 

Bloomfl*ld. King's 

Coun'y. N B 

Bloumncld . Cnrleton 

Conn' y, N.B 

BIncmfltld. b 

Bl' om>ngdaIe, Q...... 

BInonilngton, O 

Bloom'burg.O 

Blue M'^nnt&it*. N.S.. 
Bine's Mill". N.8..~.. 

Blnrvale. mb 

Biyth.O mb 

BIythcswcod. O 

Bobcaygi on.n m b 

Bocabec, N B 

BuRart. 

Bole town. N.B....~ 

Bols^a'e, K.«>~ 

BollugbrokP, O 

IJolsover, 

Polton Centre, 
Bolton Forest, 

Romanton, O. 

Bonavcnture. Q....> t 



M 



'»'¥] 



140 



Post Office. 



'f, "T 





LuT of Pott Ofllcca, Telegraph Statlont, Ac, In the Dominion of C»nado.— (Ci>iU<imi«<L) 



Bondhead, s m b 

BunzKr'«lj( orners.U. 

Baok'on, H^ 

Doom, N.S 

BorUaPIoufT'.Q 

Borullu, mb 

Borntiolni, 

BOicobcl, Q 

Bojtoi), O 

Baiw^rtli, u b 

Botany, O 

Buhw II. O tsmb 

Botsfor.t Portaao, N. 

Bouisliurviii^"" 6. '.•.'•' 

DuiKlrcau VIII , K.B. 

B>ulardo:tP, NS. ... 

B >un ary Pro^qullc, 
N.B. ! 

Bourg L.uH, Q 

B iwmanvlilc, (J..u lu b t 

Bowood, 

Boync, 

Boynton, Q 

BoxOrnvc, O 

Bracobrldgc. 

Bradford, U 8 m b t 

Bruomar, 

Brampton, O smbt 

B;anchtun, 

B -antfor i, O smbt 

•BrantfonI SUllon.O. t 

BroJiln. O 

nr.'ntwood, 

Br3slaw, <> t 

Br^w. r'8 MlllB. ... 

Brew tt?r, U 

BlUgenor h, O 

Brldgoport, N.S 

Brll.Tcport, O 

B.id,'Otown, N,S ... tm 

Brld^ovlllo. N.S 

Brlds^'walcr, N.S ... t m 

B.-idgewator, O tm 

Brlgg's Corner, N.B. 

B.i^iiam, Q 

Bright. O m b 

Brighton, O smbt 

Brinlcworih O 

B.inslcy, O 

Brisbane, O 

Brisiol, Q bl 

Brltoimlii, o 

*UrlUnnla Mills, Q. 

Brltoiivllle, Q 

Broad ive, Inter- 
val. N.S. ... 

Broad Cove. Lunen- 
burg. N.S 

Broad Cove, Harsh, 

. N. M 

Prock, 

Brockton, O ; 

Brockvlllo, s mbt 

B odhazan, 

Bromc.Q bl 

Bromeraerc, Q 

Broniptoii, Q t 

B ompton FalLs Q. m b t 

Broutc, b 

Brookbury, Q. 

Brookflold, colches- 
ter.N.S 

Brnokfleld, Queens, 
N. S 

Brooklln, O t s m b 

B ooklyn, N.S 

BrooksdalCrO 

Brookvnle, N. B 

Brook V lie, Cumber- 
land, N.8. 

Brook vllle,Plctou... 
N.S. , 

Brong lani, O m b 

Broughton, Q 1 

Brawnsburg, Q 

BrdwhRvlllv, O. 

BnioflMd, O b 

Bruc<) Hir.e3,0 b 

Brudcheli,0. 

Brunucr, O 

Brunswick, O 

Bryaiiston, 

Buckhorn,0 

Buckingham, Q s m b 



Biickland, Q 

Buckljy'B, N.8 

B ictoiich**, N. B t m 

Bulslrodr, Q 

Bjlwcr.Q 

BurforU, ra b 

Burge!isvlllR,U 

Burgoync. 

Burleigh, 

Biirn-b'uc, O 

Burnhamthorpo, O... 

BiKuloy.O 

BurnH, O 

Biirnstowii,0 

Bm.,tCliurch, N. B. 

Burnltoat, N. 8 

.'•.irrltt'.t Rapld*,U... b 

Ourtch, O 

Burton, <> 

Burton. N. B 

Oury'sOrcon, 

Bute. Q 

Butternut Bldge, N. 

B 

Button vllle,0 

Biixton, 

Byng,0 

Byng Inl t, O 

Byron, O 

Cacouna, Q It 

Cjcsara?, 

Calnsvlile, O b 

• 'aintown, 

CAlst'irvllle.U 

Cdlnbogle, O 

Oiilder.O 

Cildwcll, b 

CalQdon.O mb 

Oiledon, Ea^t, O b 

Calodonia, N. B 

*Oaleaonla,0 t 

Cil.aon'aCor., N.8.. 
CuledonlaMlllH.N.8. 
Calrdonla, St. Mary's 

N. S 

Caledonia Si>rg's, O... 
Calumet Island, Q.... 1 

Camborne, O 

Cambray, b 

Cambridge, N.B 

C imbrldge. N.S 

Camden, East, O b 

Cameron, O 

Cimllla, 

8-imlachlf, t 
ampbellford, O s m b 

Campbell Sattleni't, 

Kings N.S 

Campbell Seitlem't, 

York, N.B 

Campb'>lltown,N.B..t m 
Campbell's CrohS, 0. b 

Oampbollvllle, b 

Ca^ipden, o 

Campo Bello, N. B... 
Canaan Road, N. S.... 
Canada Creek, N.S.... 

Canard, N.S 

Canboro', 

Canfleld. m b t 

Cannlfloii, O 

Canidng, N.S t m 

Canning, O 

C inning, N.B 

Oannlngton, O m b 

CanrobPrt, Q 1 

Canso, N.S m 

Canerbury, N. B m 

Canterbury S^tlon, 

N. B 

Cantley, Q 

Canton, O 

Cap, Chat. Q 

C.t > <les Boslers. Q... 

♦Cape Canso, N.8 t 

Capo Cove, Q b 

Capo George, N. S 

Cane Oaorgc, North 

Side, N.S..... 

Capo .lohn. N. 8 

Capelton, Q 

Cip3 Mabon. N.B... 

Oaio Nagro, N. 8 

Cape North, N. 8 

Capo Rich, 



CapeSabloItl., N.S.. 

C ipo S.jenr, N. B 

*Capo Tormoiitlne, 

N.B t 

Cap Majdcloinu Q.... 

Cap UuUfte, Q 

Cap 8r. Ignnco, Q 1 

Cap Santo, Q I r 

Cara(|UOt.N.B iii 

Cardcn,U b 

Cardlon, Q b 

Carhtoii.U bl 

Carleton. N. B 

Carlctou flao3,U.mbt« 

Oarllngford, b 

Carlisle, O 

Carlow.O 

Carlow, N.U 

CarlaruhP, 

Carlton, N. 8 

Carluke, O 

Carnorvon.O 

Carnegie, 

Carp, O 

Carribo!) Cove, N.S... 
Carroll's Cor., N.8.... 
Oarronl)rooke, 0....m b t 

Oarrville, O 

Oarsonvllle, N.B 

Carthage, 

CartwrlKht,0 b 

Case Sfttlem't, N.B. 

Ca8hol,0 

Cashmere, b 

Cass?lman, O 



Otiortsey, Q.... 
ohesley'sCor.i 
Cbosluy, O. 



M.8.. 



Oastlebar. Q., 



Castleford, 

Oas lemore, 

Caatleton, O m b 

Catalono,N.8 

Cataract, b 

Cataraque.O. 

Cathcart.O 

Caughnawaga, Q 1 

Oavan, O b 

Cawdor, O 

Cayuga, t s m b 

Cudar Grove, 0... 

Cedai Hill, 

Cedar Lake, N.S. 

Cedars, Q 1 

Cedarvlll •, 

Central Bllssville. N. 

B 

Central Chebogue. 

N.S 

Oi^ntral Klngsdear, 

N R 

Oontrai'NortoniN.B.' 
Central Onslow, N.S. 
Centre Augusta, 0.... 

Centreton, 

Ccntrevllle, N.S 

Oentrevllle.O 

Centrevtile, Carleton 

Co.. N.B 

Centrevtile, Albert... 

Co., N. B 

Chambly Basin, Q.... b 1 
QhamblyC'ton.Q.mblt8 

Chamcook, N.B 

Ohitmpla'n, Q 

Chance Harbor, N.B. 

Ohandos, O 

Charing Oros.^ 

• iharlasbo-'rgh, Q 

Charleston, 

Charlevillo, 

Choteauguay.Q It 

OI)ateaugaayBasln,Q 
Chateau Rich«r, Q.... r 

Chatham O smbt 

Chatham, N.B t m 

Chatlllon, Q 

Ohatsworth, m b 

•Chaurtlere, Q t 

*Chaudlere Juhc, Q. t 

Cheapside, O b 

Chebogue. N.S 

Chelsea, Q s b 1 m 

Chelsea, N.S 

Cheltenham, b 

Chepstow, O 

Cherry Crck, O 

Cierry Valley, 



C.»c»t'.-r,Q I 

Cic ter, N.B 

Chester, N.S t m 

Chester Basin, N. S... 

f'hcsterOuld.O 

Chotlcamp.N.S 

hfiverle, N. 8 

ClicMctcuok, N.S 

ilcUcstur, U 

Clilcoutlml,U br 

Ohipman, N.U 

Chlppawa, U s m b t 

Ohockasli, N.B 

Chlrch \\\\\ N.B 

Unrlstnmi Isl., N. 8.. 

Oiiurchtll.O 

Church Street, N.S... 

Churchvillo, O 

C.iurchvll.N.S 

Chute's Cove, N.S 

Clachan, 

Clapham.Q 

Clare. N.8.„ 

Claremoiit, O ra b 

Clarumont. N.S 

Clarence, m b t 

Clarence Creek, 

Clarenccvllle, Q b I 

Clarendon, Q 1 

Clarendon Centre, Q. 

Clarke, O m b 

Clark's Harbor, N.8.. 

Clarksburg, t m b 

Claude, 

Claverlng. U 

Clayton, 

Clear Creek, U 

Clcarvillp, O mb 

Clomcntsport, N.8.... 
Clementuvalo, N.S.... 

Clurord.O mb 

Cltrion,U smbt 

Cllfcon, Gloucester 

Coumy, N. B 

CIIRon, Kings Co'ty 

N B 
Clifton HuuseV'o..'.'.'.*.". b t 

Clinton. s mbt 

Olontarf. m 

Clover Hill, O mb 

Oloyne, 

Clyde, O 

Clyde River, N.S 

Coal iranch, N.B.... 

Coal Mines, N.B 

Coatlcook, Q .•» m b 1 1 

Coats Mills, N. B 

Cobden, 

Ooboconk, 

Cobourg, s mbt 

(localgne, N.B 

Oodrlngton, 

Ooekmagun Blv, N J. 

Oolbome, smbt 

Colchester, O b 

Ooldsprlngs, O 

Coldstream, O 

Coldstream, N.B 

Ooldwater O 

golebrook, b 
oleralneO 

Coleridge, O 

Cole's Island, N.B... . 

OoHnvllle.O 

Oollfleld. O. 

Solllna, nTb 
olllngwood, 0....S mbt 

Collin's Bay, O 

Colpoy's Bay, 

Columbus, m b 

Comber, m 

Combermere, 

Corao, Q 

Compton, Q s m b 1 1 

Concord, 

Gonestogo. mb 

Conlngsby, O 

Conner, 

<;onnorsvlllc, N.B 

Conquerall Bk, N.S,. 

Conroy,0 

Consecon, mbt 



Post Office. 



141 



ioniiiMMd.) 
O 



N.D 

N.8 

Jasiii.N.B.. 
lIU.O 

00k, N.8... 



. 1 
it m 



I, NlJ.. 



br 



a.O Biubt 

li, N.B 

IW, N.B 

w Isl., N. 8.. 

1,0 

Jtrcct.N.S... 

illo.O 

U • N.8 

Cove, N.8 

.0 

:s^::::::::::::;: , 

lit, O m b 

iut,N.8 ^, 

DOretk.O ^ . 

BvUlP, Q t> J 

on.Q .". » 

on Centre, Q. ^ 

m b 

Harbor, N.8.. ^ 

iirg, O t m b 



reek, O ^ 

ile.O ......mb 

tsport, N.8.... 
tuvalo, N.8.... 

.0 mb 

smbt 

Olouci-gtur 
,N.B 

:ing8 Co'ty 

.ouse.O bt 

B m b t 

in 

111,0 mb 



>k, 



iver. N.8 

anch.N.B.... 

neB,N.B 

»k, Q. am bit 

hisTn. b 

_ 

»k.O . ^ 

smbt 

, N.B 

ton, O 

IunBlv,N.8.^^ 

> smbt 

er. b 

ng8,0 

am, O 

iwn.N.B 

er O ^ 

*,0 b 

eb 

e, 

land, N.B.... 




[poil,6....ainbt 

Bay. 0.. 

fBay, ^ 

IsjO mb 

10 ni 

lere, 

I, Q.......9 m b 1 1 

ro.. ^ 

lo.O mb 

ly. 

ll'UeV'N.'B!'.!!'. 
Ill Bk. N.S.. 



LiDT of Poft OfflcM, TelAgrnpb Btatlonii, Ac, In the Dominion of Canada.— (OouMMMit.) 



1,0.. 



■ mbt 



OonntaTice, 0. 

Ooatrocoeiir, Q 1 

Conway, 

Cook'aBrook, N.S.... 

Cookshlre, Q ipbl 

Oookatown, O m b 

CookBville, m b 

Cooper, O 

Copetown, O 

Ojpieiton, 

Cjrlnth, O 

CoraabUB O 

Corner or Windsor 

an<l ObOBterRoad, 
jj g ■ 

Corn uiiu'n.b!!!!!!!!!! 

Cornwall, « mbt 

CarnwallU. K.,N.S. 

Corunna, O 

Cotean du Lac, Q 1 

Coteau Laniting, 

Q mblt r 

Coteau Station, < 
Cote (lea N«Ircb, 

Cote St. Paul, Q 

Ootswold, 

OoaUon, O 

Country Uar., N.S.. 

Oourtland, O 

Oovantry, O 

Coverdalp, N. B 

Covey Hill, Q 

Oowal. 

OowanBvlll^ Q. m b 

Cow Bay, N. 8. t m 

Coxheatb,N.S 

CralKliur<it, mb 

CralKlelth.O 

•CraisB Road, Q t 

Oralgvale, 

Cranboumo, Q, 
Oranwortb.O... 

Crawl'ord, O 

Credit, O m b 

Credltnn, O 

Creek Bank, O b 

Creemoro,0 m 

Orolghton O 
Creasy, O..... 

Crieff, O. .*... b 

Crinan, 

Cromarty, O .... 
Cromwell, N.B, 

OrosBblll.O b 

Oroa8polnt,Q 

Croat BoadB, Otalo, 

N.8 ! 

CroB* Roads, Counirr 

Harbor, N.8 

Crosa RoaMB, Middle 

Hedrord.N.S. 

Cross Road*. Saint 

George's Channel, 

„N.& 

Croton, O 

Crow Harbor, N.8.... 

Orowland.O 

Oroydon.O 

Cryslefi 

Calloden, O 

Cumberland, O t m b 

Oambertand Bay, N. 

B. 

Cumberland Point, 

N.B 

Oummlnsville, 

Oufnnock.O 

Curran, Ot 

Curryvllle.N. B 

Cysblng.Q. bl 

Dtere, O. 

Dklllebout, Q. 1 

Dalesvllle, Q.. 
Doinonsto^.B m t 

galhouBleHoad, N.8. 
^housleSetttement 

galhonsVeHlVl8,'o.'."! 
allbalrc, Q.. 

P Ikelth, O 

PalHton, O 

Panford Lake, Q 

Danforth, O 

nanvlUe.Q smbit 

DarreU, 0. 



Darrow's Cor., N. 8. 

Dnrlford, O 

Barlmuuth, N. 8 

Davenport, O t 

Davrn MIIU, O b 

Dawson Scttl't, N.B. 

Daywood, 

Dcaliown, O 

DoCowsvbIIo, O 

Deep Brook. M. 8 

DeerQcld. N. S 

DecrFiurst, 

Deer Island, N.B 

Delaware, O t m b 

Delhi, O mb 

Delta, O 

Demorestvllle, O 

Dompscy'd Cor. N.B. 

T»cnblgh, O. 

Denaeld, O 

DenHon's Mills, Q-.. 

DcnIston.O 

Dinsmore's, N.8 

DeRamhsy, Q 

Derby, N.B 

Derryvlll •, 

Derry West, 

Derwent, 

Descbambault, Q 

Desmoid, O 

*Des Riviere, Q t 

Detonr du Lac, ~ 
Deux Rivieres, 

Devlxes, O 

Devon, O 

Dcwlttvllle, Q.. 

Dexter. O 

Diamond, O b 

Dickson's Btore, N.8. 
Dickinson's Land- 

lnar,0 mbt 

Dlgbv.N.8 mt 

Dlatdegna^h, N.B 

Diligent River, N. 8. 

Dlni^e, m b 

Dipper Harbor, N.B. 

DIkousp, N. 8 

Dixie, 

Dixon's Corners, O... 

Doak Town, N.B 

Dobbtnston, O 

Doherty's M'K N.B. 
Domatne de Oentll- 

ly.Q; 

Don,0 

Donegal, O 

Don galiN.B 

Doon, O 

Doran, O 

Dorchester, N.B m t 

Dorchester Stat'n, O. 

Dorktng, O 

Domock, O. 



•Doucett's. Q.. 
Douglas, N.B. 



Douglas, O m 

Doudlas Harbor.N.B 
Douglas Town, N.B. 

Douglastown, Q. 

DonglasValley Road, 

N. B 

Dover, N.8 

Dover, N. B 

Dover South, O 

Downeyvllle, O 

Doyle gctrlem't, N.B 

Drayton, O m b 

Dresden, O m b 

Drew's Mills, Q 

Dromore, 

Drumbo, O mbt 

Drammondvtlle, Q..b 1 r 
DrunmondvlUe,0...m b 

Dmmqnin, O 

Drury, O 

Dryden, 

Duart, O m 

Dublin Shore, N. S... 

DU'lswell, Q bl 

Dulftrin, O 

Dumbarton R.R Sta- 
tion N. B 

Dumblane, O 

Dumfries, N. B. 

Dunany, Q 



Dunbar.O b 

Dunbarton, O m b 

Duncrler, O 

Dunilalk, O 

Dundas, O ■ mbt 

Dundee, 0. b I 

Dundee, N.B . 

Dundee Centre, Q.... 

Dundela, O 

Dundonald,0 

Dungannon, O b 

Dunglven, N.B 

Dunham, Q t m b 1 

Dunkrid, O. 

Dunville, smbt 

Dunphy, N.B 

Dunraven, Q 

Dunsford, O 

Dunslnane, O 

Duntroon, O m b 

Dnnvegan.o 

Durham, tsmb 

Durham, N.8 

Kogle,0 

Eardlpy, Q " 

Eorltown, N.8 

Ktist Arthabaska, Q.. 

Bast Bay, N.S 

Ea»tBa>, North Side, 

N.8....... 

Ejwt Bolton, 
Bast Chester, ., 
Bast Clifton, Q. 
Kast Dunham, Q. . 
Eastern Uar., N.8, 

East Farnham,Q I 

East Olnssvtlle 

Bast Hawkesbury, 0. 

East Hereford. Q 

Bast Jeddore, M.S.... 
Easton'sCorntrs, O.. m 

East Oro, 

East Port, Medway, 

East R.', '8t."Mary''8 

N fl 
East Rivii'st.' Mary's 

Qo. Ouy8boro',N.S. 
Bast Scntch Settle- 
men', N.B 

East Side Pubsico 

Harbor, N.8 

East Side of Chezaet- 

cook, N.8 

East Side W.Branch, 

East River, Plcton, 

N.8 

East Templeton, Q... 
Eastviiie N .8.......1:... 

East WiniamBb'g, O. 

BastwoodiO. b 

Eaton, Q bl 

^Ecclesbuif, t 

Economy, N.8 

Economy, Up., N.8. 

Eddystone, O. 

Eden, O. 

Eden Mills, O b 

Edgecombe, 

Edgett'BLaBd'g,N.B. 

Edmonton, b 

Eilmundston; N . B.... m 
1 JW'sdsburg, O bt 

el Brook, N.8. 

lei River, N.B.. 

Iflngham, 0..... 

latanTllle, m 

Igbert, O..... 

gerton, 0... 

^gUngton, O. 

Bgmondvllle, O m b 

Bgremon^, 

|?ypte,Q 

Elder, O 

Eldorado, 0...; 

ElfWdaiO 

Elgin, 

|lgln, N.B 

Nlglnbnrr, O 

Blglnfleld, O. 

Elfzabethvllle, OT.. 

Ellengowan, 0. 

EllerBhausen, N.S 

Ellesmere, 

Elm Orove, 0. b 



Elmlra,0 

Kimsdiile. N.S t 

Bimsvlll(>,N.8. 

Elmvale.O 

Elmwood, O 

Elora, smbt 

Blslnore,0 

Embro, m b 

Embrun, O. 

Emerald, O 

Emigrant Road, N.B 
Bmlgrant 8et'ni,N.B 

Enaeld,N.8 

Enileld,0 

ingllshOur. N.S. 

English Bet'nt, N. B. 
English Town. N.S... 

Ennlsklllen, b 

Bnnhimore,0 b 

Enterprise, O b 

Epplng,0 b 

Epsom, O 

KramoBa,0 

Brb8vllle,0 

Brle,0 

Brin, 8 m b 

Krinsvlllc, O b 

Brlnvllle, N.« 

Brroll, 

Bscott, 

Kscumlnac, N.B 

Escumnac, Q 

ksperance, Q. 

Esgulslng, 

* Btchemln, Q t 

Ethel, O 

Etublcoke, O m b 

gugenia, 
vangellne, Q 

Evelyn, 

fversley, O 
verton, ^ 

Exeter. O smb 

Fairfield, N.B 

Falrfletd, O 

Fairfield Plain, 0.... 

Falrvlew, O 

Falrvllle, N B 

Falk''nburtr, O 

Falkirk, b 

Falkland, O 

Fall's Bay, B'ch.N.S. 

Falmouth, N 8 

Fclmoutb, Windsor 

Bridge. N.S 

Farley^ Mills, N,B... 
Farmerstown, N.B... 

FarmemlUe, O m b 

Farmlngton, O 

Farnboro, Q 

Narnham Centre, Q... t b 

Far<rTthar/0 b 

Farran's Point, 0.... 

F^ttaar Point, Q t 

Feltffii, 

Fen agh vale, O 

Fenella, O b 

Fenelon Falls, m b 

Fenwick, Nap'n,N.S. 

Fenwick, 0... * ;, 

Fenwlclr,N.a..,. 

Fergus, O....; smbt 

Fergtison'B FallB,0... 

Fermoy,0 

FemhiU. O.. ; 

Ferry vllle, N.B ■ 

Fcversbam, O. 

Fingali 0: smb 

Finger Board, N. B. 

FlshOreek.O 

Fisher's Grant, N.S. I 

FlshervlUeiO 

Fitch Bav, Q 

Fltzroy Harbor, O.... b 
FlvelslandK, N.S,... 
Five Mile RlVjN.S... 

Flatlands, N. B 

Flesherton, m b 

Fletcher's flta'nN.S... 

Fllnton.O 

Flora, O 

Florence, m b 

Florencevllle, N. B... 

Do East, N.B. 

Foley, O. 



■:%. 



i<r. 






;f' , 



>, 



i' 




'if •»' 




li 



LllT ofPoit Oncw, Tclograpli HUtloim, dc , l:i I'm- Uu:!iIii: •!! 1 1' C.i 
rontenoy, Q , Olancw, p.... t ni b 



r viiwiiv/f ^ 

roiiihlll.O in b 

fortlycc, U 

IToreKt.U iii bt 

r .re«tcr'it Vallii, U... 

roreatvlllc, U 

rorfUr, O 

rorks, Ba .UocK,N.8. 
rorkM, MI'lillo itiv., 

PIctou, N.8 

Forka, »iiirxaree,N.S. 
"otEIn.U. 

'onuo<a, o 

orrt«titlI'it,N.8 

'o troulongn.Q 

orl ErIa.O m b t 

'ortWllllam(L.8.)0. 

ortWIUIatn, Q 

'ojler'a, N.« 

'ostOT'ftCovo. M.B... 

'ouohlo, N.8 

_'ournlor, O 

fraboro', O 
oxOn>«k.N. D 

fox Harbor. N.8 , 

Fox Jtlvor, Q. I 

Frambo't.'. N. 8 

jTrampton, Q 1 

^Irankfonl.O mb 

FrankUn.U b 

Franklin C'ciitr.', Q... ni 

Franktown, O b 

FrankvlUc, 

Vra»'r'rt Or iit 

FraMr'allUIi,N.8... 
F'-eaoriokton. N.D... m « 

Do Uoad.N.U 

Freelton, u ~ 

Freoport, O 

Fretburs, O ^ . 

Freligtaiburg, U. at m b I 
French Lake, S. B.. 
French Rtvisr. N. 8... 
Fr nob v uiaj . u.... b I 
French VIlloso.N.B. 

Frogmore.O 

Fromq. . 

FroatVlllase. <i b 

Fnlford, Q 

Fullarton, O. 

Fulton, O 

Oabirous', N.8. 

Oad'tIIIII.U 

(^a^town.N.B ni 

Oalt, a ui b t 

Oalway, U 

Gananoquo, O.... am bt 

Oaraffaxa, O......."... ni 

Oardner'a Ck. N.B... 
Oinlen Island, D...... 

garden of ICUen. N.8. 
anlen Btver, 

SamoiUi Q.. .»•••• 
arthby.Q:. I 

OaapeKwIn.U.. b 

Oasporeau, N. B 4 

Qaapereaux, N. 8. 

Gay*a Blvcr, N. 8 

Oiiy*aBiv.UM.N.8. 

Offarr, N. B 

Oomley, 

Geneva, Q . 

OentlUy,Q I 

Georgetown, U.... a m b t 

GeorRevllIc, Q m 1 1 

Gooniitna, O m b 

Gennantown, N. B.. 
G?Ujn'arulnt.N.8.< 

81a- t*a Lak\ N.8.. 
Iflbrd, 

Gilbert Cove, N.S 

gllbert'a Mill, O 
IMbrd. t 

Gladstone, U b 

glammis, O ~ 
la-ilbrl. O b 

Glanmlro, O ~ 

Olaiiworth, O 

Glaicott,0 

8!as8vlU9, N. B 
Iw|l« ^ •{{••■•••■••■■••••■•I 

Olcnallan, O m b 

Glenami. O 

Qlenbuml's 

Glencalm, i> 



81 iiuU, N. 8. 
loiiuary, N.8 

UIOMloyJ.Q 

yi nlyuii,U 

Ole .ni..* cr.u 

8lcn Ilorrl»,u 
lonnevlH, u 

UloiiRoui, N.8 

Ule:i 8jtloii, Q 

8lonTaL*,o 
hnval'.U 

(•lcnWlli:ani,U 

aoblc.tC'orn.'rs,v>.... 

QoJerlch. O h lu b t 

•iQol>!rlchlla:o.,U... I 

GolJonC'rojk, U 

OuldUolda, N.a 

Ool I Mli<09, N.8 

Gold Ulvcr. h.8 

OolJa onc.O 

Gto(l< ornsr, N.B.... 

GoodwooJ, i> 

«iordonsvlili<, N.B.... 

fJoro, N.& 

Oora'd liaiidlng, u.... 

GormUy, U 

Uorrlo, O b 

O'JsaelJ, U 

Ooahen, N. B 

Qothen. N. 8 

Gosport, V 

8oulJ,<i I 
ourock, U b 

Gowanatowii, U 

Goworl'olnt.O. 

GowlanI Mjuutuln, 

N.B . 

r!rario:i,U tmb 

G;'aham.4VlU?, U... ... 

Oranby, Q '. m b 1 1 

Uranaaac:!, Uounty 

lllcbnionJ. N. 8.... 
Oraadanco, Invor- 
GranJ Auncs, N. B... 

n:;83, N. 8 

Graado Ba1.\ Q 

'a do llrevc, Q 

grando LIgnp.U 
.an I ralla. Nil ni 

Grand Falla.Port.,N.B. 
GrandlgU3 Ferry, (N 

aide), N.S. 

Gran lis ic 

Grand ilanan, N.B... 

'"G-and Mctta, U. 

Grand NaT*wH N.8.. 

U.^anil Rivor, Q 

Grand utvor. N.B.... 

Grand River, N.8 

Grantlcy, O 

Granton, <) i 

Grativlllo Korry,N.8. 

GrauPond.Q 

Gravon'iurat, o 

Great Britl.-;:, N.8.... 
Great 8'^?nlo;;ll^ N.B. 
Great Vma-T?,N.8.... 

Grocnb(rik,0 

Orecn'jus^i, O 

Graontlalil, N. B 

Gr-eaflald.N . 8. - 

Ureenlilll, N.S ~ 

*GreeD U^unil, Q t 

Oreonoi-':, O 

Oreon PolBf.o 

Green Bive-. O. 

Oreon River, R.B... 

Orocnsvlll •, O 

O.-e nwlc'i. N. H 

Oraciiwlc:! IIIU.N.B. 

8 reel) w>"). I. t h 
r-snvlll-', <i IK b I 

Gr-.-shani, M 

One'na. Q 

Grey, O 

Oilers lll<', (» 

Grtnin Cove, Q 

iratii.o 

Griinsbv, O n m b t 

♦Olinnb St;uio!i,0. t 

Ooi lln-'s Q. 

O oe-f Pot t, N. 8 

G.-ovc8en'>, O 

Guolp»i,0 * mbl 



'Gj?II)'i Fri'l [till I 

II'»;m',() 

Oil CH ii>r.'. N.S 

nnlHcC.vo, .>.i5... I 

OJ.Vijboro'.o t 

Guy4;ior.)j ;:i N.S.... in 
U.i.iiburo'1: t'l, <.S. 
tloelt iiaiM I'd HM 

»Htt:IIow Gov.', o t 

llatjrtvlll.' (I nib 

ila'CIiMCov,', N.S 
llulfWay Broo::, N.S. 
Il;»lfway B;v.'r,N.S. 

Ilallbartoi, O 

Ilallfux. g 

llall.ax, .8 ni t 

llallow.iy, u 

IIj'.l'i D •; Ig?, l» 

Hall a llar'jor, N.S... 

Ilanj, ii b 1 1 

Haaiburtr, u I 

Haiullton.O miibt 

•IttTnlct, O 

ilaminciui 10...1, U... 

ilammondtp ".. b 

llainmoni U v.,N.B. 
iliin'nondval '. . .11. 

Hampst-a ', O 

ilamd.ttead, i .B 

IlaniD on, O m h 

Ilini )toi, N.B 1 

Hamtow ijH.B 

Ha!it'or.l Bro k, N.U. 

Ha:inon, (> 
anovar, O «n b 

Ilantap'rt. N.S t 

nanwMI, N. B 

Har. u'Boucli t, N.S. 
Ha-bo; ifoal. N.8.... 

Ilurborvllle, N 8 

Ill court, '• 

Ilardhn?, O 

riardwlolt, N.B 

IlA'dwocKl L n a.N. 

3 

Ilarawoo I. N. B 

llarTrav?. (i r 

Harioni, O «. 

Ia|ny,0..... 

Uamion.v, o 

Harold, O. 

Ilarpsr.O 

Iiarpurnev, O mbt 

narrlotsvlll?, o b 

HarrlTaMfov, N.8. 
Harrln'jtoi, West, (». 
Ha'.TlnTton, Eutit, Q. 

Harrl»bur»,«» b t 

llarrlston, ni b 

Harrow, O 

HarrowiDilth, U 

Hartford. O 

Hartln^on, O 

Hatloy. «' 

HartmaM, «) 

Ha-v.-y, N.B m I 

H»-v.4 C>Y'':.^B. 
Ilarvev Hill Mln s.Q. 

"awo , O 

Ha»'W30;I, 0..~ 

Ha*' iiiTs. <» »m b 

'Ta-rtlnisN.S. 

Hast ncH, N. D 

•latl'v. Q m bl 

Ilii lUain, O 

HivMock. O 

'aw:«"»btiry, o.. wni b t 

Hawliston''. O 

"bwaHvIII?, <) in b 

TTiy.O 

Hiyloi.O b 

H.y Il!v r. N.S 

Mav,vlll>, O b 

Haole lean. O 

H:«'lfirl, O 

n-i(ILike, O 

a^alor \niU''rtt,NS 
'l;alJ>rlaMU v.NS 
'IoalorMi;iStr?a'n, 

N C 

n • >'i MrPoutcoTaili 

N.B ! 

Hea I of Ilhlg •. N. B. 
U? 1 1 of 8'. Marja- 

ret'i B.ay,N.>< 



■^l•.-^Oontiluu<^.) 
nrn\ 1)1 St. Ml y'i 

Uiy. N. H 

II 'n I 01 1; I itii K.vcr 

„I..i::a N..S. 

n.M I . I 'Va ai-.ia- 

r; lyc'ic n i , N. 8... 
noa:1o: TMc,N.S.... 
lira or' II , M.I)... 
il ad 01 W.illa:? B y 

N.t; „.... 

Uca I 01 Walla:.- Bay 

..(N.-l,J)N.8 

II a.lr^ut'. O 

I'obro;), (t 

Hihro', N.ii 

ebroi, N,S 

Heck ton. U b 

HM.I Ibur,', O. 

• lot l30:i, y I 

ne:n:i)Uv;lur.l, U. . m b l> 
U.>:irv.O :.„. 

cnr>ttbur,r. Q 

H "irrvl 11', (i ui bl 

Hopwortli, 

Il.'rjort, Q 

Ihr inia-i'i* Our.<.,U. I 

H-rof.iil. Q b I 

Hsrjwar>l,0 

H.TMii'lxia III, N.U. 

II soclor, O a ni b t 

Illawailia, O 

♦HljcnilH.O t 

lll;?li F.tU.1.0 

Ha'ilU'M.o 

m?httcVI. N.S 

H'ThTOt-.O 

IllTh'.anil t!re.'.;,0.... 

Millliir.O 

IIlllsiio-o". N. fl 

HllUboru' (. ■.B.)N.8. 

IIIIUboro',0 

'Miiti»i>roiiBli, N.B....in t 

H'lUbu-Rh.O mb 

I'Hli buica, N.8 t 

niiijiol'.O 

nil'-.Ial ,N.B 

Ili'iiii'vOii. O. 

nili 8 I . N u 

Hilton, B 

'! n'.t;i ll-'a'. O 

11 lo'iplat'i, O 

HocUley, O 

llolbruok, O 

Molcutnb, O 

Holland liUiidl g, U.m b 

HoUo:i, O m b 

Holnioivlil >, O 

iiol:ii BVHI,<, N.B 

U ihtMn, O 

llolt.O l> 

llolyrnol, U 

II msr, O 

U tncywoo I, (I 

UapsUnl I, 

llo)OtC)Wll.<) 

(loiwjll. N.H 

Hop, ..('I., N.I J 

Uop<!WpllC.i)c. N.B. t 
llo|)>v.-'lf f)-.. N. B. 
lIoiKw ' 1 II.i:, N.B. t 

Hornby. O 

UomiiiR'n M I U. ().... h 

Mou^hton, 

H iwj IsUin I, O 

H'Wick. Q 

Uul>l>a-d'..t;.v,'.N.8. 
Iluhb.-ii's KalN. <>.... 

Hu Uo'\ Q t 

Kail, Q abl 

■.lulsv.U', 

It tin')cr, (I 

lluaih-rstnn '. W b 

IliiJi-ilon, b 

IIU'i*ers!o>rii, Q 

Munflnsloi. (J.s lu blr 

II-intiaivIlK'. q 

U;iiitl?y,<> 

Ilnston, O b 

Hy le Par!; (Jor.. i» ... 

!<l.a. O 

IWertoii. 

Tnillaia, o w b 

In 'Ian Cove, y 

Ii'rtlan llo-bor. O^. 
Halifax, N.S 



COHtilUUd.) 

I- St. M.» y'J 

N. n 

I !'. I ii<< ii.vcr 

N.rt. 

1 r 'i'ii ur.ia- 
10 Dt , N.a.. 
i Tilr.N.t*.... 
til ,N.U... 
iWallttClUy 

i'\v"ii"iu*:"Uay 

l)N.S 

ot <■ O 

>. O 

I, N.tl 

'.N.a , 

0:1,0 u 

UU-V, O. . 

Bi.Q ^ 

Uv!io;.l,Q.. mbh 

,0 

Jhur^y -. 

vl 11', Q Ill bl 

)rt1«, U 

iaiV""uoi".'.V«." . 1 

i.l.li »>1 

iiM.O 

i.|«:aiii, N.U. . ^ 

Ijr, • ni b t 

iiha. O . 

piiln.O t 

F.iUi.O 

il.l.O 

cM, N.S 

af.O 

i;i(l UvOwli.O.... 

•, «) 

o-o". N. A 

onV (' ..U.)N.8. 

oro', ^ 

orouKli, N-U.—mt 

u-Rh.O Mb 

b!l.KU, N.S t 

nl',0 

f»l .N.B 

ii:\'l>ti. U 

I I •. N U 

n. U » 

I IK'u '. O 

fill-;'!, (1 

h\%- 

:)(>i, O 

1Hl>. . 

.1 I<tt;»ai B. O.m b 

), O "» b 

(ivM', O 

BVlIU', N.B 

•In, O 



,>o\, 

|r. O 

rvfOO I, (I 

lei I, O 

[own.O 

rjll. N.H 

W.. N.l) 

i^eilCKC. N.Il. t 
r.'i ro •.. K. B. 
' 1 U.i:, N.B. t 
|y. U ^ 

ig'hMI M,0.... b 

Iton.O 

fisliiiil.U 

!{, Q 

UlVTc.v.'.tJ.SI. 

iiV Kallx, ().... 

'.« * 

J sbl 

pi •, 

fr, O 

.■rstoM'. W b 

Ion. b 

rsMtvii, Q 

13101. U.K lu blr 
tvlUo. Q 

y.o , 

1,0 >> 

>«r:; Co;-.. ... 



lii.O 

lii.o 

It'ovo, (J 

lla"l»or. ii^. 
as,N.S 



mt> 



LuT of Pout Offloci, Tclesraph SUtloni, Ac 
Indian lla'bor, Sbcr- 

l».-oki'.N.H 

InJI«:i liiiitia, N.U... 
IiiilU I Ulvcr. O 



iff. 



In thi Domloion ot Cxntii».-(Conliitu»d.) 



1iiiIIa:i1IuiiI, N.H. ... 
InUla.iT.'wn. N. U... 

*ln<lu<try,Q t 

*liiKerio,l8ia'ii.U. . t 



Kerry. O 

K-rtcii.U 

Kc'iiwlcli, O 

Kckwicic HiaKv, N.O. 
Kctvli Harbor. N.8.. 

K'Htloby. O 

K(.>yMr, O 

Kllbrlde.U.. 



iiitentoll.O »bint Klldare.d b I 

nguldHby.d 

nxunUli, K. 8. 

IUIo;t'.'.U t. 



nicemia >, u 

nuirklu,0 

imUUl.O. 

nnUviib, u 

uverary, O. 

'nvorhurun.U mb 

nvenuay, ni b 

ovomckH, Q 1 ui b I r 

ona,0 tub 

rUlitown. N.B 

ronlllll.Q 

ronitldc, U 

l-iO. 



roiiUolHJ U. « uibt 

rvinc, U 

rvlntS tiloX N.B.. 
aac'.4llarb.. N.8.... 

xUid Bruok. Q 

ii'ay. 0. 

ila aux UjuUreH, Q.. 
•kIcauxOruei. Q 



IbIc aux NoIx, Q 

IitleDapai, Q 

I-.|«t IVrrot, Q. 

IhIo Vorto, Q. 

I«lini(inn, U 

Ivanuo!*, ....• 

Iv.v, O. 

Jacfcsoii. u 

Jackson'it UilKN.8. 
JoclMontowii, N. B... 
JackllOnvlll^ M.D.... 

Janciv'lle.O 

Janavlll'.M.B. 

Jarratt'd UortMn), O. 

Jarvis, 

Joii-wr.U 

Joddorv. N. 8. 

Ji'nisoi/, N.B 

Jenkins. N.B 

Jc>ni3ytt.,0:iMler«,Q, 

Jcr«?yvllip, O. 

JoRglu Ulneii, N.8.... 

Jo inton. O 

Johiiaon'M Bl'llmO... 

Jo iiuron, N.B • 

Johnvllle. U 

Jo?invllle.N.B < 

Jollcuro.N.B. 

Jol>pU'\(j MID brt 



.mb 



}ouc|ulPn>s Q . 
unran.U tb 

Ji>r Ian Bav, N.8.. 

Ju tlqu •. N.8 

Jura, < I >.... 

Kalalar.U 

Kaniouraska, U. . . t m b r 

Kan, O. 

Kara, N. B. 

Katesvllle. O 

Kaxu'iaxua, Q m 

K^tenan vlllv. u 

Kcpn?, O M ainb 

Kolwi, <i 

K'Mvlu, (> _ 

Konuit, Co., i|<ic«nt, 

N.S. 

R niM'.OoYaniioutii 

KomiJtBrm'if.'vNVs.'T 
KoTiiH ireal,N.8.... 
Komanoal, N.S.... 
K«-nptTo\vn. N.8.... 

KcHDtvl Ic, O s m b t 

Kendal, 

Keni)''C LIni'. Q 

Kcnllwor.li, O. 

Koimorc. O 

Ken:i?tcoo'5, N.S 

Kp^netcooU (Uppar) 
N.S 



Ko«t n^.ig". o. 

KuntvlIl\N.8 tm La'ieMejantlcQ.... 

Ke.Twooii.O » blLike SetUcni'l.S.B, 



Kilkenny ,U. 
klltarncy.U. 



Riiiai lavjiV ••••• 
IILan.U 

Kllniana{b,u 

Kllmaniock.U 

Kllmanln.O 

KItrth.O 

Klmbcrley.U. 

KInbuni. 

Kincardine, U ■ t m b 

Kins, m b 

Kins Croek.O 

KI'iB Lake, 

KIngibrtdse. U.. 

KIngibiiry, N. 8 la 

Kln;{iibury, U. 

klngselear, N.B. 

Klngaey, Q 

'*Kln.tBtatlijn,0..^ 



bl 
t 

Klngaton, O • m b t 

KlDgtton. N.B t m 

Kingston, KontOo.. 

KlngstonMVllii'a'.'.'.'.'. 
Kingston VII.. N.S.... 

,. . K>ngivlllc. O I m b 

t b I r KInkora, 6.... 

KInloss. O.... 

"Inlougb, O b 

nlnmount, 

Kinnoar'a Mills. Q.... 

Klnsalo. O 

Klntarl.O 

Kintorc. O ~ ». 

Kippcn, b 

Klrby.d 

KlrktlAld. O m b 

Kl-khllI.K.H 

KirkhlljL O. 

Kirk's Ferry, O.. 

Kirkton.O » -b 

Kirk'MI. 0. 

KInf burg, „ m b 

Knatchbull. 0. 

KnowlesvlIlP, N.B... 
Knowlton, Q. . a t m b I r 
Knuxford. K. B. 

Knoydart, N. & 

Konioka, t m b 

Koucblb it^ua cN.B. 

La Bal , Q b I 

L ib«rr«>, Q 

LaB:'<Mi««' Q bl 

L'4c(adKs i^ ^... It 

IdKbcDaMf, U. 

Itctil-Nsd. iiinbU 

b(*LacMneBank, " 
*bachlne June. , 

Lachnte, Q a m b I r 

Lac Maason, Q.......... 

Lac Nolr, Q 

L icullp, Q .....t ni b I 

Lifontaluo, O 

La^van O « 

La Gucrrp, Q 

La (lave Croaa Bds, 

ij a 

La Uave~iJiver'"N.8' 

Lake Atnslle, N.8 

Latce Alnallc,(E.sldtf) 

N A 
Ltke Airudiei (S.8lde) 

N.S 

Lake Aylmer, Q 

Lake Bcauport. Q.... 

Ljk^ Dore, O 

Ltktt Etchpnitn. Q.... 



bl 



Lakefleld, Q 

Ltkeneld,N. B 

LakoCk>)rgR, N. 8.... 
Lakp Qaor./p. N.B.... 

Lakelandtf. N. S 

LakelPt. O 

Lake Hatapedta, Q.. 



Lakeside, 

Laku T<'nilHcimata,Q< 

Lakc>vii<<>,N. U 

Lakcvlllo. N. H 

L'Uiiaroiix,0 b 

LanibBth,0 t> 

Lauibton, U. I 

Limfiju*-, fl.B 

Lanark, O amb 



bt 



Lancas{pr, O 
Langevln. H...,. 

LaiiRl'ord.O 

Laiigslde, O 

Laimton, U 

Lanoralc, Q. ... 
Lansdown 0... 
L'xnseaOlle*. . 
L'Anso ail Koln, 
L'Anso 8t. J«an. 

Lansing, O 

Lanty'a, N.S 

La Petite Ulvlero 8t. 

francota, Q 

La PIgeonnlere. Q.... 

Lapralrlo. Q s m b 1 r 

La Presentation, Q. 
L'Ardolw. N. 8....^.. 

Larglc.O 

Lamnr, O 

Larochcllo, Q 

Laakay.O 

L'Assomptloii.Q.a m bl r 

Laterrlere, Q 

Latona,Q. 

Laurel, O 

Lauson. Q 

Laval, Q. 

Lavaltnc.Q 

Lavant, 

LavendPf. 

L'Avenlr. Q 

Lawrencetown, N, 8. 
LawrenccTllle (W 0) 

. N.8 

LawrencevlllP. Q 

Leamington, b 

Learned Pl'ilna, Q, 

Loaakdale.O 

Leavens, ~ 

Leclercvtilo, Q 

Ledgp, N.B 

Leeds, Q s mbl 

Lsflroy, O ~ 

Leicester N.S. 

Leinster, O 

LpltcheV Oreok, N.S. 

Lolth.O 

LemonTllle, 

Lannox vllK Q. ...s m b t 
L?amed Plain. Q.. 

Lenox, 

Li'onard'sHIII.Q. 

L'EplptaanlPLQ 1 

L?prcau. N. B 

L'Bciulle.N.S. 

Les kboulmnents. Q, 1 

L04 Ecureuiis,Q 

L3B K'ConnMBlns, Q... b 

Laskard, ~ 

Leslie. m 

Les Petltes Ber- 



bl 



..mi 



gerones, Q-- 



L' »„...„ 

Levis, ^smblr t 

LowlsBay, N.S 

LcwU Head, N.S 

Lewis HouutalD,N.B 

Linurd. O 

Llmehonac, U 

Llmo LakP. O 

Lime Bock, N.S 

Lincoln, N.B 

Lindsay, U .••. a b 1 1 

Lindsay's. N.B. 

Lingau, N.S 

Linton, O 

Llntons, N.B..~ 

LIuwood. O 

LlMidel, 

LiHbon, O 

Llabnm, O 

Llsuomb, N.8.... 

L Islet, Q bit 

LIstowpl, 8 m b 

Little Bras d*Or, N.8. 



LKtlonitulTi.O 

L'ttic Ciirri'iii, O 

li'tloOiucuBiy N.8. t m 
lilttluilarlMir. N .•(.... 
LItilu Narrowii,N.8.. 

Little MapldM. U 

LltlluRUIvau.U 

Little Rivor, N.8 

Little HIvor, Cover- 

dale. N.B 

L'MoBlv.,Elgin,N.B. 
Littio Ulver, Co. 

Cumberland, N.S. . 
Little Rivrr. Co. 

, DIgby. N. 8 

iilttle River. Mlij. 
. Musqaodobolt,N.S. 
LlttloRlvcr,Co.8un- 

, bury. N. B 

Little Roclier, N.B... 
L'tlo Shomu^iuc.N.B. 
LlttloTracadlp,N.8.. 

Liverpool, N. 8. t m 

Livingston Cv.,N.8.. 

Lloydtown, U 

Lobo.O 

Lochaber, N.S 

Lochaber Bay. Q 

LocbartvlUo. N. 8.... 

Loch Garry. 

Loclilel. O 

Loch Lomond, ^.B. 
Loch Lomond, N. 8. 
Locke's ISIM..N. 8.... 

Lockton, O 

Loglerali. O 

Londesborough. O.... b 

London, O smbt 

Londonderry, N.B.... 
Londonderry. V.S.... t 

Long Creek. N.B 

Long Island, N.S 

Long Is'd Locks, O... 

Long Point, N. B 

Long Point, N.S 

Long Point. Kings. 

Co", N. B..! .„... 

Long Point. Q 

Long Reach. N,8....> 
Long Settrt. N.B .... 

Longneull. Q m b I r 

Longwood. O m b 

Longwood Sta'n. O... t 

Lonsdale. 

Lorette, Q. 

Lorttto. O > b 

L'Orlgnal. O smbt 

Lorraine. ~ 

Lotbliilere, Q b I 

Loughboro*. U m b 

Loulsburg. N.8 

LaulHvllle. O 

liovat, 0. — 

Low, Q - 

Lowbanks, 0~ ~.~ 

Lower Argrie. N.8.- 
Lower Bamey'sUiv., 

N 8. ....«M.» M 

Lower BriKbt'iiVN.B! 
L'erCanterb'y.N.B. 

Lower Capr.M.B 

Lower Cove, N.S 

L'cr Cov'ra'le. N. B.. 
Lower Freach Vil- 

la-c. N. B ..- 

Lower Granville, N. 

8, „,...»-„ 

Lower OranvlllP, N. 

B «......- 

L'ur Hlllnboro'. N.U. 
Lower Horton.N.S... 
Lower Ireland. Q...~. 
L'wer La Havo CroM 

Road.i, N. 8 _ 

Lower L'AnlohK.-. N. 

t* .: .~... 

Lower Line, Queens. 

NB iv". 

Lower Maccan. N.8. 
L'wer N'castlo.H.B.. 
Lower Percanx, N.3. 
Lower Pockniouchn. 

Lower "Princi Wil- 
liam. N.B 



144 



Post Office. 






fl, ji 




^^, , 





List of Post Offices, Telegraph Stations, Ac. In the Dominion of Canada.— (OonMmMd.) 



Lower Qucensbury, 

N.B 

Lower Blver Inhabl- 

Unts, M. S 

Lower Selmab, N. S. 
Lower Settle't. Mid. 

Blver, Vict., N. 8... 
L'orS'ttiampt'n,N.B. 
Lower Settleme.it, 

goaUi River, N.S. 
Lower South ureeic, 

N B 
L'CT StnwlackerN.8.* 
Low'rWaltetlUd.N.B. 
Lower Wf»rd, N.S.... 
Lo'erW'astock.N.B. 

Low Point, N.8. 

LowPol't8hore,N.3. 

LowvUle, O. 

Lucan, O sm b t 

Lucerne, Q 

Lucknow, 8 m b 

Ludlotv.N.B 

Lumlcy.u 

Luncubarg, Q 

Lunenburg, N.S m t 



Lurgan. Q 

Lnt?s Mount, S. B.. 

LntUtst', O 

Luton, O 

Lylc's Bridge, N.S... 

Lyi>, O. B ui b t 

Lyaden,U m b t 

Lyndburst, O 

Lyiieaoch. tn b 

LyilHfleld,N.B 

Lynnvllie.O 

Lyons, O ~.... 

Lyster, Q 

HcDoni»ld'8 0r.,N.B. 
McD6&ald'BCra..O... 
McDonald'aPt.,N.B. 
McDougald Stittle- 

m*m, N. B 

If oQnilVray, O m b 

McIntyre.O 

McKay's Pt., N.S 

McKenzle'a Cr..N.B. 
McLauolitaA Bd.,N.B 
If cLellian^s Br'k,N.S. 
ficNab, Glendary, O. 
pcPUeirson'8S'yiN.8. 

Uaberly.O 

Mabou, « . S m 

Habou 0. MlDes,N.S. 

HacvconiN.S. 

HaccanlnttirvoI.N.S 

taccan Mount.,N.8. 
apes Bay, N.B 
achider, Q 

Macta(|uack,N.B 

Mact.on, 

MacvUle, O 

Madd|iwton.Q 

Madisco M.B 

Mailoc, 9 '. m b 

Madrid.O ...."•". 

Alagagnaaavjc,M.B 
Mag«WenI«lM8,Q.... br 

Ma;;OS. Q ni b 1 1 

Hagoon's Point, Q... 
MasHaay.N.B.......... 

MabuneBay. N. S.... 

Maidstone, p.... 

Malnadlou. A.S.,..»... 

Maltlaua. Q,..., 

MattlaaA. N.& 

Multloud. C. Apna- 

DoUs. N. S....>.».... 
Blatland, Co. Tar- 

rnoutu, N 8 

Mala';a.stt. N.8 

Ma)agaw:itcli. N. 8... 

Malukuli; 

Malignant Brook 

Cross Roads, N.S... 
Malignant Covc.N.S. 

Mallorytowii.O t 

Wulmalson, Q b 

Malone, O.. 
Maltoti,0.... 
Malvcm, O, 

Mancltestcv, O mb 

Manchester, N.S 

M^nubcHter R<d,N.S 



Mandamin, 0. 

Manilla, O m b 

Manltowanlng,U 

Manners Huttun, N.B 

Manhclm, U 

Mannlngvllle, Q 

Manottck, O 

Nanstlelil.O. b 

Mansonvllle-PotiQ. b 1 m 

Maple. O. m 

Maple Orcen,N.B.... 

Maple Grove, Q 

Maple Hill. 

Mupio Lcaf.Q 

Mapleton, O 

Mapleton,N.B 

Maqnaplt Lake.N.B. 

Marathon, O 

Marbleton, Q b 1 

March, O 

Marcbmont, O 

Murden, O 

Margarec.N.S 

Margarco F'rks. N.S. 
MurgarctsvlUo, M.S.. 

Maria, Q 

Marie Joseph, N.S... 
Marion Bridge;, N. S. 

Marltana, Q , 

Murkham, U s t mb 

M;irkhamvllle, N.B. 

Miirlbank.O 

Maflow. Q 

Marmlon, O 

Marmora, O b 

Marrt«ch,0 

Mart'latt's Cove.N.S. 
Marshall's Covc.N.S. 
Marshall's Town,JT.S, 
Marsh Sattlcm't Mc- 

Lellan'sMt.,N.S.. 

Harshvlllc, O 

Marvsvlllo, N. B...;... 
Marshy Hope, N.S... 

Marston, O 

Mascareiic, N.B 

Mascoucho, Q 1 

Martin's River, N.S. 

Martintown.O. m b 

Martlnvillo, Q 
Marysvtlle, 0.. 

Mashani, Q 

Musklnonge, Q It 

MossawippI, Q m b 

Mas4ie, O 

Mast Town, N.S.... 

Matauc, Q 

Matap?dtac, Q 

Matawatchau, 0... 

♦Matilda, O 

Mattawa, O 

Maugervill8,N.B... 

Mawcock, Q 

Maxwell, 0. m 

MayflcId.O 

MaynarU.O 

Maynboth, U...< 

Mayo, Q 

Meadowvale, 0. 

Muaford, O d m b t 

Mfiwher's Giunt.N.S, 
Mechdnics'Scttlcm't, 

N. B 

MeUford, N.S 

Medina, O. 

MedontR, O. 

Mctancthon, O.. 

MclVQume. Q 8 m b,l 

Mclbourao RldRc.Q . . 

MelochevlUe, Q 

Melrose, O.u 

Mr!rosc,N.8 

Mc-lyem 8nuttre,N.8. 

Melville, 0. 

Memramcook, N.B... 

Mcnlq.O 

McrUonlsh, N.S 

Merlvale. O 

Merlin, O... 

MerrlcKvllle, m b s 

Mersea, 

Meto;,'lian, N. 8..., 

MethotVs Mills, Q t 

Metis, Q b 1 

Mcyorsburg, 



MIchlpicoten Rlv.,0. 
M He. Covcrd'le.N.B. 

Ml laieUeld, N.S 

Middle Kennetcook, 

N; S 

Middle La Have, 

Porry, N. 8..... 

Middle Musqudoboit 
Middle River, Dur- 
ham, N. 8. 

Mdlo Blv.,(C.B.,)N.S. 
Mlddlo St. t'rancls, 

N. B .„ 

Middle Section, 8. £. 

Margarec, N.S 

Mdle. 83ttlcm't, Blv. 

Inhabitants, N. S.. 
Middle Set lement. 

South Blver, N. 8.. 
Mdle.Slmonds,N.B... 
Mile. Southampton, 

N. B ! 

Middleton, N. B 

Middldton. N.S 

Ml JdleviUe. O..., 



Midglc, N. B.. 
Ml(-- 



Moose Creek, O. 

Moray, o ».. 

Mordcn, N.S. 

MorcWood, o 

Morganstown, 0. 

Morlcy, 0. . 

Moililn^d'e 011118,0. 



.smb 



Morpieth, 0. ..> 

Morrl8bahk,0 

Morrisbtirg, O.... s do bt 

Morrlston, m 

Morrlstnwh. N. 3 

Morris Town, King's i 

N.S :.....".. I 

Mortlake.O , 

Morton, 0...M i 

Morton's Cjrner,N.8. 

Morveh, 0. i 

Mqscow, I 

Mos3ley,.0 \ 

Motherwell, O , . * 

Mowlle^s River. N.B. ! 
Mountath Grove, O. i 
Mountain View. O. . 

Mount Albert, O. 

Mount Albion, 

Mount Brydgcs, 0..tmb« 

Mount Oirptel, Q 

Mount Charles, 

Mount Denison, N.S. 

Mount EUiln, 0. ~m b 

Mount Forest, O.t m b I 

MonntUealy, O 

Mount Uorcb.O 

Mount Hurst, U b 

Mount Johnson, Q... 1 

Mounyoy, Q 

Mount Oscar, Q. 

Mount Pleasant, O... b 

iVfountsherg.O 

Mount Salem, O. 

Mount St. Lonf8,0. . 
Mount St. Patrick. O 
Mount Thorn., N.8... 
Monnt Unlacke, N.8. t 
Mount Vernon, 0.....m 6 
Mount Webster, O.... 
Mount Wbatloy,N.B 
M'tb of JemBefr,a.B. 
M'thofKaS'lci.N.B. 
M'tbofMlllst'm.'NB 
Mouth of NeperlsNB 
Muddy Branch, Q.... 

Mulgtuve, 0. 

Mulmnr, O. 

„ Muncey,0 

MutonEast.Q. I Munster.O ~ 

Milton. West. 0....t s m b Murray, 0. 

Murray Bay, Q. . .s b r m 
Hurra.T'aCor.,N.B.. 

Muryale,Q 

MnBkckaFaUs,0 

Muaauaab, N.B.»...... 

Muaquodubolt fiarb. 

N.S „ *.... 

Musnuodohoit Upper 

_„..„.^.„., N.8. ». 

Mofr»tt,0 . ,Mussclburg,.0. ; 



Idliurst 0. 
Mlldmay,0.. 

Mllo End, Q 

Mllfhrd,0 mb 

Ml ford. N. & 

Mil'd Haven Bridge, 

N.S .:.. 

Millbank, a m b 

Mill Bridge, 

Mlir Brook, O smt 

MIIIBrook, N. S 

•Mill Cove, Q t 

Mill Cove, N.S. 

MiirCreek.N.B 

MilUdgevlllc, N.B.... 

Ml.ld Isles, Q 

Mlllc Roches, 0^ m 

Miller's Creeli, N.S... 

MlU Grove, O... b 

Mill Haven, 0. 

Mllllken, 0.. 

MllUngtou, O. 

Mill Bint, q..». t 

MlHstrMm,N.B 

MllnesvUleiO 

Mllltown. N.B 

M'lls Village, N.S. 

i|Hjavllle,lI.a 

Mtllville. N.B 

Milton,N.S..... , 

"UtonEast,Q.......... I 

iIton.Wo6t,0....t8mb 

Ilmlco, O ~ 

aimosa, ^ 

linden, O b 

ijineslngvp'v 

|lnudle,l{.8.. 

lira Out, N.S. 



ispcCjili.B 

-jltcbell.O 

Mpe's River. Q. 



mbt 



,..m t) 



Mohaw Lo... 
Moldart,lJ.S 

Moiro.d. 

Molasses Uarb. ,N. 8. 

Molesworih, 0. 

Monck, O ! 

Moqcklaad.O 

Moucton, N.B. % 

Moueymor?, o 

^longQnals, Q ) 

!Mongplla,0. 

Moukton.O 

Mono Centre, O 

Mono Mills, 0. in b 

Montage, o 

Montcalm, Q 

Monte BqUOiQ. 1 

Moiitlouls. Q 

Montma'^ny, Q....8 m b r 

Montreal, Q 8 m b t 

Montronc,() 

Monf . St. Hllalre. Q. 
Mou't8sttl'nt,N.B. 

Mooro, O m b 

Moorc'a f-tatlun, O.... 
Moo;-e'rt Mills, N.B... 
Muose Brook, N.S... 



Myrtle, 0. 

Mystic Q 

Nuckawick, N. B 

Nairn, O m b 

!NaBtlcoke, O b 

Napanec, « mbt 

Napanee. Mllls,0 

Napier, m b 

NapiervllK>, (j m b r 

Nuppau.N.8 

Narrows, N. D 

Nushwaak, N. B 

Nashwaaki^ls, N.B.... 
Nasljwaak V*gc, N.B 

Nassaslwcya, m b 

Navan, O 

Necum Terch, N. 8. 

Ni'Knacr<, N. B 

Ncigette, Q 

Nelson, 

Netherby, O 

Ncustadt, m b 

Novls,0 

No w A burdeen, O 

New Albany, N.S 

New Auuan, N. 8. 

Newark, 



{Oontimted.) 

Creek, 

, O 

1. N.S. 

ooU, U 

IStUWD, O 

•, . 

ii;d'e 011118,0. b 

th, B m |> 

bank,0 

bUrg.O.... 8 wbt 

tbn.O ra 

town, N. S 

Town, King's i 

► 1 

ike, , 

D,0 , 

ii'8CjTner,N.8. . 

h, O 1 

w, I 

!y,.0 — i 

frwoll, Q ., . • 

e'aBlyer.N.B. ! 
tarn Grove, O. i 
t»inVlew,0. . 

t Albert. O. 

t Albion, : 

tBry(Jgc8,0..tmlM 

tOiijnel, Q 

tCharie3,0 

t Denlson, H.8. 

itBl;!ln,0 mb 

it Forest, O.tmb* 

it Uealy, O. 

itlIoreb,0 

It Hurat, O b 

A Johnson, Q... 1 

itJoy,Q...... 

It Oscar, Q. 

kt Pleasant, O... b 

ituberg.O 

It Salem, O 

It 8t. Louis, O.. 
list. Patrick. O 
It Xtiom., N.S... 
It Unlacke, N.8. t 

it Vumou, O m ■ 

itWpb8tcr,0.... 
It WbatlayJf .B 
of JcmsefiN.B. 
'ofK«^lcE,N.B. 
,of HIllst'm.'MB 
ih ofNcpnlsMB 
ly Branch, Q.... 

-ave, O. 

iur,0. 

fey,0. 

ter.O ~ 

iy,0. 

iy,Bay,Q...8brtt 
AT'»Cor.,N.B.. 

Ifiwfei'6."-!'. 

loOoDOit Barb, 
iiodoboit Upper 



Posf OJJice. 



146 



hlburg,.0. ; 

S §:::::::::::::::::: 

kwlckkN.B. 

,U mb 

icoke.o b 

hecO «ni bt 

Eco, M11U,0 

t, O in b 

tvllK>, Q mbr 

tn.N.8 

Tws.N.B 

laak,N.B 

iraak»lB,N.B.... 
Iraak V'Rc, N.B 
hlwcya,0 mb 

O 

Tercli,N.8. 
ic^ N. B 

h±::::::::::::: 

b(lt,0 mb 

fov. 

Iburtlenn.O. 

llbany,N.S 

Luuan,N.8. 

Ik. 



Lm of Post Offices, Telegraph Stations, Ac, In the Dominion of Canada — (CbtUtmiMl.) 



New Bsmlon, N.B. 

Newbil88,0 

Newboro, O m b 

Newboyno, O 

Newbridge, O b 

Newburg, O s m b t 

Newburg.N.B 

Newbury, O « t m b 

New Caledonia, N.S. 
New Camplot'n,N.8. 
New Canaan, N.B. ... 
New Canada, N. 8.... 

New Carlisle, Q br 

Newcastle, 8 m b t 

Newcastle, N.B t m 

Newc'e Creek, N.B. . 
New Cornwall, N. fl.. 
Newc'o Brid'e, N. B. 

Nsw Dundee, O b 

New Durham, O b 

•New Durham, Q t 

NewE'.llnbnrff, O sm 

New Oalrloch, N.S. 
New Germany, N.S. 
New Glasgow, N. 8...m t 

New Glasgow, Q 1 

New Hamburg, 0...s m b 
New Harbor, N.S.. 
New Hoi-ton, N.B. . . 

Newlngton,0. b 

New Ireland, Q 

NewTreland.N.B.... 
New IrelM load.NB 
New Jerusalem, N.B 

New Larig, N. 8 

New Llvcrpool,Q 1 

New Lowell, O 

New market, O s m b t 

New Marylaail, N.B. 

Now Mlll3,N.B 

Now Minaii, N. 8 

Newport, 



Newp't Corner, N. S. 
Newport Land'g.N 8 
Newport 8tatlon,N.S 

Newport, N.8 

New Richmond, Q.... b I 

New Klver. N.B 

New Ross. 

Now Boss, N. 8 

Newry, O. 

New Samm, O. 

Newton, Brook, O.... 
Newton Itoblnson.O. 

♦Newtonvlllr, t 

Nev Town, N. 8 

Ne'*ton, N. 8 

NewTuskut.N.8 

New Zealand, N. B... 

Niagara. O » m b t 

Nlcholl'8 Corner,N.8 

NIcbolston, b 

Nicolet.Q. tmbi 

NlctauxFall8,N.8.. 
NleVs Harbor, N. 8.. 

Nlely Road, N.S 

Nlle,0 

Nilestown^p 

Nino MlleRlver,N.S 

Ni!wourl,0 

Nlthburg. O - 

Nobleton.O 

Noel. N.S. 

Noel8hore,N.S 

Norham,0.....~....~... 

Norland, O 

Normandale, 0......... 

Normanton, m b 

North A4)ala, 

Northampton, N.B.. 
North Auu'usta, 0....m b 
North Branch, N.B.. 

North Bristol, Q 

N'th Brookaeld, N. 8 
North Bruce, O......... 

North Douro, m b 

N'th B. Harbor, N.S 
N. B. Branch Mar- 

B»ret,N.S 

NorthKshBoom.N.B 

Northfleld, O 

Northfleld.N.B 

Northaeld, N. & 

North OaorgetowniQ 
North 01aDlbrd,0.... 



North Oowcr. O m b 

North Uatley. Q, 

North Head, N3 

North Jogslns, N.B. 

North Keppcl. O. b 

Nortblako,N.B 

North Lake, N.B 

North L4nca8ter,0... 

North Montague, . 

North Mountain, 0.. 

North Mountaln,N.8 

N'th Nation Mills, Q. 

North Pelham, 

North Pinnacle, Q.... 

North Port, O. m 

N'th Range Cor.,N.8 

North Uldge, O 

North River. N.B.... 

North River, N.S 

N'th Rlv. Bridge Co. 
Colchester, N.S 

North River Bridge, 
St. Ann's. N. 8 

North BlverPlatform 
N. B .". 

North Salem. N.8 

North Section, Ban. 
town. N.S 

North Seneca, O 

North Shore, Cum- 
beriand, N.8 

North Shore, .Vic- 
toria, N.S 

North SI o Basin 
River, Danis, N.S.. 

North Staubrtdge. Q. 

Norths uck«lp,Q.... b t 

North Sutton, Q. 

North Sydney, N.s...t m 

North WakcUeld, Q. b 

N'th West Arm, N.S 

N. W. Cove 

N'th WilUamsburB.O 

Norton, N.B t 

Norton Creek, Q 

Nortondale 

Norval, m t 

Norway, O 

Norwich, O s m b 

Norwood,© s mb 

Notfleld. O 

Notre Damu du Por- 
tage. Q 

Nottawa. O 

Noyan.Q 

Nntt's Corners, Q 

0a<c Bay. N. B 

Oak Hill. O 

OakHli.N. B 

Oakland, m b 

Oak Point, N.B 

Oak Point. North N 
B 

Oak Ridges, O 

Oakvllle.O s m b t 

Oakwood, O b 

Oban. 

Odessa, h m b 

Oflh,0 « 

Ohio, N.S 

Oil SpringN 8 m b t 

0ka.Q 

Old Bams. N.S 

Oldham, N.S 

Old Montrose, O 

OUnda, 

Omagb, 

Omemee. ■ m b t 

Oropah. 

Oneida. 

Ongley, 

Onondaga. O t 



Onslow, O. s m b 1 

Ouslow, N.S 

Onslow, Upper, N.S. 

OrangevlUe, O .8 m b 

Orchard. 0....T 

5rtnia,0 stmb 

Orleans, O . 
Ormond, O. 

Ormstowii, Q. m b 1 

Qro,0 

Oromocto, N. B m 



Oueola, O 

Osgoodp, O t m 

Oshawa, O s ni b t 

Osprey. O 

Osprlngp. O 

Ossekeag. N. B m 

Oiislan. O 

Otfiabog. N. B 

Ottawa, O 8 m b t 

•Ottawa Depot. 0.... t 

Otter Lake. Q 

OtterrlUe. O m b 

Oun?ah, 

Oustlc, 

Ontram, O 

Ovens. N. 8. 

Overton, O 

Owen Sound. O. . s m b t 

Owl's Head, Q 

Oxenden, 

Oxford Centr' ,0 

Oxford Mills, O 

Oxford Station. O t 

Oyster Ponds. N.S... 

Oznabruck Centrc.O. 

Paisley, s m b 

Pakenham. O s m b t 

Palermo. mb 

Palmer's Road. N.S. 

Palmsrston. N. B 

Punmunf. O 

Paplneauvllle. Q 

Paquettc.Q.i 

Parailse Lane. N.S... 

Parham. O 

Paris, smbi 

Paris Station, O t 

''arker. O 

Park Head. O 

Park Hill, O: m t 

Parkhurst.Q 

Parma. O 

Parrsbor', N. S m 

Parr8b'o'8hore,N.8... 

Parry Sound, 0. 

Paspeblac. Q b 

Passekeag. N. B 

Patterson. O ro 

Patterson SetHem't, 
N.B - 

Pcarceton. Q 

Peel. N. B 

Peepabun O. 

Peiwrlttw. O. b 

PejJirr's Cove, N. 8... 

Pelham Union, O 

Pcmbro.3ke, O.... s m b t 

Pondleton. O 

Pen'tawnilshene.O. m b s 

Pcninsttla-Gaspp Q.. 

Pentteld Ridge, N.B, 

Penntleld. N. B 

Pcnobf^quls, N. B 

Penvllle, O 

Perce. Q br 

Perch Station. O 

pprklns, Q 

Peio. N.S;. 

Perry Sfttlern't, N.B, 

Perrytown, 0. 

Perth, smbt 

Perth, N. B 

Petawawa, O. 

Peterboro'. O smbt 

Petersburg, O t 

Petltcodtac, N. B t 

Peterson, O 

Peterson's Ferry,0... 

Petersvllle, N. B 

PetersvllleCh., N.B. 

Petite de Grat, N.S... 

Petite. Metis. Q. 

Petite Passage. N. 8. 

Petite River Bridge, 
N.S 

Petrclea, smbt 

Petworth. 0. 

Peverll.Q 

PhtUpsb'g, Rast.Q. ni b 1 

Phlltpsb'«,We8t.Q.. b 

PhlUpsvlllc, 0. 

Plckoring. m b 

Plcton, stmb 

no.O..'. m b Plctou, N.S m t 

ell, O m I Ple<lmontVal'y,N.8, 



Plerevllle. Q 1 

Pigeon Hill. Q 

Pike River, Q mbl 

Pino Grove, O. 

Pino Orchard. O 

Ptnn Village, N.S,.., 

Pine River, O. 

Pinkerton, O 

Pirate Harbor. N.S... 
Rlsarlnco. N. B......... 

IMttsferry. 0. 

Plalnfleld. 

Plalnfleld. N. 8. ,. 

Plalster Cove. N.S... m t 

Plantagenet. O b t 

PlatUvllle, O. b t 

Playftilr,0. 

Pleasant Hill, O 

Pleas'nt RIdgo. N. B. 
Pleasant River. N.S. 

Plum Hollow. O 

Plumweswpep, N.B. 

Plymouth, N.8 

Pockmouche. N. B... 

Pockshaw. N. B 

Point Ablno, 0. b 

Point Alexander, O.. 

Point Brule, N, 8. 

Point au Chcne, Q.... 
Ptp. aux Trembles, 

Hochelaga, Q 

PtP. aux Trembles, 

Portneuf. Q 1 

Polnte Claire. Q 1 t 

Point du Chene.N.B. 

Polnte du Lac, Q 

Point Edward, 

Point Fortune. Q t 

Point la NIm. N. B... 
Ptc. Levi.Bast, Q m b 1 1 
PointofCape. N.8.. 

Paint Petre. O 

Point Piaton. Q 

P'nt St. Charle8,Q.m bt ■ 
*P'tat.Chartesird.Q. t 
*P'tSt.Charie8W..Q... t 
Point St. Peter. Q.... 
Point Traverse. O.... 
Point Woolf.N.B.... 

Poland. O 

Pollelt r.: . cr. N. B... 
Pomcroy Rldge.N.B. 

Pomona. O 

Pomquet Chapcl.N.S. 
Pomciuct Forks. N.S. 

Ponds. N.S 

Ponsonby. b 

Pont Chateau. Q 

Pont de Maskinonge.Q. 

Poole, O. 

Pope's Harbor. N.8„. 

Pequlock, N. B 

Port Acadia, N. 8.... 
Portage du Fort, 

Q mbltB 

Portage River, N.B.. 

Port Albert, O 

Port-a-Plque, N.S... 
Port-a-Pluue Moun- 
tain. N.S 

Port an Penll. Q 

Port Bruce. O 

Port Burwell, 0. smbt 
Port Colborne. 0. m b t a 

Port Credit, O t 

Port Dalhousle.O. m b a t 

Port Daniel, Q 

Port Dover, 0. ...smbt 

Port Elgin. N.B 

♦Port Elgin. O t 

PortElmslpy. 

Porter's Hill, O 

Porter's Lake. N. 8... 

Port George. N.S 

Port Oranby. O 

Port Hood. N.8 m 

FortHoodCoalMlncs, 

N s 
Port H(H>d"lsi'd,'N.s! 

Port Hoover. O 

•Port Hood. N. 8 t 

Port Jolly, N.8. 

Port Hooo, O smbt 

Portland. O b 

Port Latour. N. 8 



'11 



146 



Post Office. 



I'rJ- 





|#'^ '' 




''t'^ 



(■■T '* 



"1^ ,. 
I ■■•4,' 

■."■■♦» . ■ 



I': til 



LuT of Post Ollces, Telegraph Stations, Ac., to the Dominion of Oanada.— (OmiMiHtMi.) 



Port Lewis, Q. 
•Portland. N.& 

Port Haitlana. b 

Port Hatoon, N. S.... 
Port Uedway, N. 8... 
Port Mul(rave,ir.S... m t 

Port Nelson, 

Portnenf, Q t 

Fort Perry, t m b 
ort Bobinson.O. m b t s 

Port Bowan, 0. . . t m b s 

Port Royal, 0... 

Port Royal, M.8. 

PortRyerae,0... 

Port Severn. O.. 

Portsmouth, 0. 

Port Stanley, 0.. tmbs 

Port Talbot. 0. 

Portuguese O'va.N.S. 

Port Union, t 

Tort Williams, N.S.. 

Jowell, 

Powerscourt, Q 

Prescott, smbt 

•Prescott Junctlon,0. t 

•Prescott Wharf, O... 

Preston. s t m b 

Pricevllle, b 

Primrose, 

Prince Albert. O.... t m b 

Prince of Wa'es.N.B. 

Princeport, N. S 

Princeton, m b 

Prince William, N.B. 

prospect, 

jProspett. N. 8 

fpubnlco Beach. N.S. 
'Pttbnlco Harbor,N.S. t 

Pogwash, N.S t 

Pugwash Blver, N.S. 

Purdy, O 

^arpleville, 

Pusllnch, m b 

~'utnam,0 m t 

uaco Bead, M. B.... 

uebec, Q smbt 

neensborough, O.... 

,ueen8ton, t 

'Qneon Street Junc- 
tion, t 

^QueensTllle, N. 8 

iOueensvUle, b 

♦Queen's Wharf, O... 

RaUstock, Q 

Bagged Head. N. 8... 

^Ragged Island, N.S. 
Do (B.slde)N.8.. 

Raglan. O. 

Ballton, 

Bainham.O 

Balnbam Centre, O... 

Bama. 

Banelah. > 

Bankln's Mills. N.B. 

Bap's desJoachlms.Q, 

Batchford Biver.N.S. 

Batho. 

Batter's Oomer,N.B. 

Bavenna, 

Bavenshoe. O 

Bavenswood, O b 

Bawdon, N. 8 

Bawdon Sh.,N. S.... 

Bawdon Upper, N.S, 

Bawdon, Q. I 

Baymond, 

Beading, 

Bear Black Blver.Co. 
Bichmond. N. 8.... 

Bear Landf, N. 8 

Bed Bank, N.B 

Bed Islands, N. 8 

BednersviUe, O 

Beekle, 

Benfrew.N. 8 

Benfrew, s t m b 

Benous Bridge, N.B. 

Benton. 0. 

Bepentlgny. Q 

Bhodes, N.S 

BIceburg, Q 

Blcevillc, mt 

Bichlbucto, N. B.... tm 

BIchmonil.N. B.. 

michm*ndB.,Q. m b 1 r s t 



Richmond HineB.N.S. t 

BIchmond.W., m b 

Richmond HI11,0. m b t s 
Richmond Stat'n.O. . t 
Richmond Ter.,N.S.. 
RIchTlew, 0. 
RIchwood, 0. 

Rtgdetown, mji 

Rldgeville, 

RIgaud.Q 

*Rlley Brook, N.B, 
BImouskI, Q.... s m b T t 

Bingwooa, O b 

Bipley. O. b 

Blver Beaudette, Q... 
Blver Bourgeols,N.S. 
Blver Oharlo. N. B... 

River David, Q b 1 

River Debert, N.8.... 
River DeChute. N.B. 
River Dennis. N. S... 
River Dennis. Upper 

Settlem't, N.B. 

River Desert, Q 

River Gilbert, Q 

River Hebert, N.S... 
Rlv.InhablUnt8,N.S. 

River John. N.S. t 

Blver John, W. 

Branch, N.S 

Blver Loulson.N.B.,. 

Blver Philip, N.S 

Blversdale, U m 

Blversdale, N.S 

Blver SHe, N.B 

BiviereBois Clair, Q. 

Do. DesPrairles Q. 1 
Bivlere du Loup, (en 

bas), Q s m b 1 1 

Bivlere du Lou]p, (en 

haut), Q m b 1 r t 

Bivlere Quelle, Q 1 t 

Riviere Ralstn, O 

Blv.Trois- Plstoles.Q. 
Robert's iHl'd, N. 8... 

RobervaliQ 

Robtns«n, Q, m b 1 

Roblln, 

Rob Roy 

Rochelle, Q 

Rochester, O 

Bockbum, Q 

Bockford,0 

Bocklngham, :.. 

Bock Island, u. 

BockIand,N.B 

Uockport,N. B 

Bockport, 

Bockside, O 

Bockton, b 

BockvlUe^N. B 

BockT'le, Kings, N.B 
Bockvllle.Tarmouth, 

N.S. 

Bockv'le Settl't N.S. 

Bockwood, 0. m b t 

BodgervUle. m 

Bodney, 

Boebuck. 

Boger's Hill. N.S 

BPkeby, 

Boiling Dam, N.B... 

Bolph.O 

Bomney, 

Bonaldsay, b 

Bondeau, m b 

Bondeau Harbor, 0. . 

Bosa, 

Bosebank, 

Bosedale, 0: 

Rosedene, b 

Rosemont, m b 

Rosencath, 

Bosetta, 

Bosevale, lii.ti 

Bosevllle, b 

Boseway,N. S. 

Boslln,0 b 

BoBltn.N.S 

Bass, 

Bosseau, 

Rotnsay, b 

Bothsoy, N.B t 

BougeHlII, 0.. 
Bougemont, Q 



Bound HIIL N.B 

Round HUr, N.S 

•Round House. 0.... 1 

Round Plains, 

Roxburg.N.B. 

Boston TallSiQ m bl 

Boxton Pond. Q. 

Boyal Boad, N.B 

Bulsseau des Ohe- 

nes, Q > 

Bugby, 

Bunnymede, Q 

BiuHell, 0. 
Busseltown, Q. 
Butherford, . 

Buthven. O. m 

Byckman's O'ner'8,0 

Bylstone. 0. 

Ste. Adele. O. 1 

St. Agatha. O 

Ste. Agathe. Q 1 

Ste. Agnes, Q 

St. Alme. <J. 1 

8t.Alban,a 

St. Albert. Q 

St. Alexandre, (Iber- 
ville,) (J 

St.Alexandre, (Kam- 

ouraska,) Q 

St. Alexis. Q 

St. Alphoflse, Q 

St. Anaclet, Q. 

St. Andre, Q 1 

St. Andio Avelln, Q. b 1 
St. Andrews, Antlgo- 

nlshe, N.B m t 

St. Andrew's, N.S.... 
St. Andrew's Coir., 

N.S 

St. Andrew's, B.. Q.mbls 
St. Andrew's, W.,0 

Ste. Angele, Q. 

Ste. AngeUque, Q 1 

8t.Anlcet,Q.. 1 

Ste. Anne. Bout de 

I'Isle, Q 1 1 

Ste. Anne do la Pe- 

rade, Q. It 

Ste.Anne des Monts, 

Q. r 

8te.Anne des X'\% Q. I 
Ste. Anne la Poca- 

tlere, Q t m b 1 

St. Ann's, N.S. 

St. Ann's, O b 

St. Anselme. (). I 

St. Antolne Lotb'reQ I 
St.Antolne,Blver Bl- 

chelieu, Q I 

St. Antonln. Q 

St. Apolllnalre,Q. 1 

St. Armand O'tre, Q. 
St. Armand S'tlon, Q 

St.Arsene, Q 

St. Atbanase, (>....m b 1 r 

St. Aubert, (L. 

St. AugustlnlP'tn'f.Q 
St. Augustln. Two 

Mountains, Q. 1 

St. Bamabe,St. Mau- 
rice, Q 1 

St. Barnabe. Blver 

Tamaska, Q 

St. Bartheleml, Q 1 

St. Bazlle. Q 1 

8t.Bazll.N:B.. 

Ste. Beatrix, Q 

St. Benolt, Q ~ 1 

St. Bernard, Q 

St. Bonaventure, Q. 

Ste. Briglde, Q 1 

Ste.Bril^ttedeeSaults 



St/uruno, Q.. 



St. Camllle^ 

St. Osnut, Q 

St. Caslmir, Q 

St. Catherines, B.Q.. 1 
St. CatherlneB,W.O.mbts 

St. Oeleitin, Q 

St. Cesaire, Q. b 1 

St. Obarlea de Stan- 
bridge, Q 



St. Charles. Blver Bl- 
chellen, Q. 1 1 

St. Charles, B 1 V 6 r 
Bqyer, Q t 

St. (}hrlstophe d'Ar- 

_thabaska,Q mbr 

Ste. Claire, Q. 

St. Clements, 0. 

St. Clet,Q 1 

St. CiothUde. Q. 

St.Columbin.Q. 

6t. Come. Q..T.. 

St. Constant. Q. 

St. Croix. N.kj: 



Ste. Croix, Q mlr 

St. Cuthbert, Q l 

St. Oyrille, Q..:. 

St. Damase, Q. l 

St. Davids, OT. 

St. Denis, Blver 9^« • 

chelieu. Q. b 1 

St. Denis de la Bou- 

telllerie.O. 1 

St. Didace, Q i 

St. Dominique. Q l 

St. Bdonarrf, Q..„ 

8t.Bdward delrramp- 

ton,Q 

St. Edwidge. Q. ] 

St. Bllzabeth, Q i 

St. Biol, Q.....;: 1 

St.BphremdeTring,Q 
St.Ephrem d'UptonQ b 1 

St. Bsprit, Q 1 

St. Btlenne, Q i 

St. Btienne de Beau- 

hamols, Q. 

St Eugene, O 

St. Eustache. Q m b 1 

St. Evarlstede For- 
syth, Q „ 1 

St. Fablen,Q 

Ste. FamllleTQ 

St, FUIclte,Q„. 

St. Felix de ValoU, Q 1 

St.Fereol, Q. Z.? 

St. Fidele, Q 

Ste. Flavie, Q b 1 

St. Flavien.Q ».. 

Ste. Flore, Q„. 



St. Foy, tf. 
St. Francis, Q 



St. Francois, Mont- 
St.Franjs\Beauce"Q'* 



bir 



St.Fran'8,d'0rleansQ 

St. Frederic, Q ,„ 

St. Gabriel de Bran- 

„ don. Q 1 

St. Genevieve, Q 1 

St. George, N.B m t 

8t.<}eorge.Beauce,Q. bl 
St. George Bmt, 0....m b 
St. George de wind> 

sor, Q 

St. George's Channel, 

N. S „ I 

St. Gtermalnde Gran- 

tham,Q « 

Ste. Gertrude, Q, 

«t. OervaK Q 1 

St. Qtlea, Q.„ 1 

St. Qref pire, Q 

St. Gufllaume d'Up- 

„ ton. Q 1 

Ste. Helene, Q. I 

Ste. Helene de Bagot 1 

St!HeienB,'o'..".".!M."'." 

Ste. Henedlne, Q r 

St. Henri, Q 

St. Herma8,Q 1 

St. Hllaire Station, Q t 
St. Hllalra Village, q 1 

St. Hubert, Q .„ t 

St. Hugues, Q b 1 

St. Hyaolnthe, <2....mbrts 

St. Irenee, Q. 

St. Isidore, Dorobea- 

ter.Q..... 

St. Issdore. Lap.,Q.... 1 

St. Ives, 

St. Jacobs, O. m b 

St. Jacques. Q. 

8t.Jao4.1e]Unau».<| I 



Post Office. 



147 



OimMiMMii) 
leStBlTerBl- 

B,^ It 

rlcB, S 1 V e r 

; Q.! t 

[Btoptae d*Ar< 
ska, Q mbr 

11. 

1 



Ire, , 
denti, 0.. 



litlie. Q... 



mbtn. 
ae, Q 

x,N.b.T. , 

>lx,Q mlr 

Hberl, Q. 1 

Me.Q... , 

Bate, Q. I 

rids, 

Di8,Blver 14- • 

BU.Q. bl 

lis de la Bou- 

rie,4. } 

ace.Q 1 

nlnlque, Q 1 

>yard, Q. 

rard dePramp- 

Q 

wldge, Q. 1 

sabetb.Q 1 

il.Q....... 1 

iremdeTrlDg.Q 
irem d'UptonQ b 1 

|)rit, Q 1 

enne, Q 1 

lenne de Beau- 

lols, Q. 

{ene, 

stache, Q m b I 

rarlKtede For- 

1, Q 1 

ibien.Q 

'ainllle.Q 

llclte,Q " . 

illx de YaloU, Q 1 
reol, Q. 

dele, Q ^ , 

lavle, Q b 1 

lavlen, Q i- 

lore, Q 

>y, Q . 

ancTs, Q blr 

raocols, Mont- 

m^s,Beauce,Q... 1 r I 
in*8,d'0rleatu Q 

ederlcQ 

ibriel de Bran- 

Q 1 

nevleve, Q. I 

orge, N.B m t 

>rge, Beauce,Q. bl 
orge Bmt, 0""m b 
orge de wind< 

QT. 

orge's Channel, 



rmalade Oran- 

a.Q - 

ertrude, Q 

rvaK Q 

le8,Q.. 



egplre, Q...;""- 
ifllaume d'Up- 

lelene, Q • 

[elene de Begot 



liens. 0...." 

lenedtne, Q r 

lnna8.Q 1 

lalre Station, Q t 
laire Village, Q 1 

|bert.Q. ^t 

Igues.Q bl 

laolntbe, Q....mbrts 

>nee, O......".... 

lore, Dorohei- 

Sore, Lap.,Q.— 1 

^obs, » ni b 

^^HiUneitfiQ 1 



List of Post Ofilcei, Telegraph Stations, Ac, In tLie Dominion of Canada.— (Obii/imMii.) 



St. Janvier, O 1 

St. Jean BaptUte, 

Bouvllle, Q 1 

St. Jean Baotlste, 

Hochelaga, Q 

St. Jn. Obrysostome, 

Ohateaugnajr, Q. .m b I 
St. Jean ChrysoS' 

tome, Levis, Q 1 

St.J.de8Chatllon8,Q 1 
8' . J^ian de Hatha, Q 1 
8t..Te«n d'OrleanSiQ.. 
St. Jean Port JoU,Q-.lrt 

St. Jerome, Q. I r 

St. Joachim. Q 

St John.N.B?. tmb 

St. John's, E., Q....mbrt8 
St. Johns, West, 0.... 

St. Joseph, Q I 

St. Joseph du Lac, Q. 

St. Jude, Q ;......^ 1 

Ste. Julie, Q 1 

Ste. Julie de Somer- 

g^^ A I 

bte. Julienne, Q....... r 

gt. Justin, Q 1 
te. Justine de New- 
ton, Q 

St. Lambert, Q t 

St. La'bert,irtreal,Q 
StLaurentd'OrrDsS 
8t.Laurent M'treal,Q 

St. Lazare. Q. 

St. Leon, Q... 

St. Leonard, Q 

St. Leonards, N.B.... 
St. Llbolre, r 



St. Llsu.7rl 
St. Lin, Q.. 
St. Louis dc 
lague, Q . 
Ste. Lodise, ' 
St. Luc, Q.. 

St. Luce, 

St. Malacl i 
St. Malo, C: 
8t. Marc, Q. 



Oon- 



Lon- 



8t. Marcel, Q 1 

St. Margaret's Bay, 

Ste.'Marguerite'/Q 
Ste. Marie de iTc 

nolr. Q. I r 

S»e. Marthe, Q. 1 

St. Martin, Q I 

Ste. Martlne. O.. b 1 r 

St. Martins, njB m 

St. Mary's. smbt 

8t.Mary'8Bay,N.S. 
St. Mail's Ferry, NB 

St. Mathlaa, Q. 1 

Ht. Mathlen,u 

St. Maurice JI 

St. Maurice Forges.Q 

St. Michel, Q 1 r 

St. Modeste, Q.. 

Ste. Monlque, Q 1 

St. Narclsse, Q 

St. Nicholas. Q. 1 

St. Norbert,Q 

St. Octave, Q 

St. Onezlme, Q. 

St. Ours, Q bit 

St.Pacome, Q 

St. Paschal, Q 1 1 

St. Patrick, N.B 

St. Patrick's Channel 

St. Patrick's HUirij".' 
St.Paul d'IndustrleQ 

St. Paulln, Q 1 

St.PauirH>rmlte,Q 

St. Pauls, N 8 

St. Paul's Bay. Q.s binn 
St. Peter's, N.8 tm 



St. Philippe, Q 

10 



Ste. Phllomene, Q.... 1 

St. Pie, Q 1 

St. Pierre d'OrleansQ 
StPlerre Montmag- 

ny. Q b 1 

St. Pierre lea Bee- 

qaets, Q bl 

St.Placlde,Q bl 

St. Folycarpe, <t b 1 



St. Prosper, Q 

Sf. Baphael,B.,a... 
" ' \W.D.. 



St. Raphael, 

St. Baymond, Q b 1 

St. BegU, Q 

St. BemI, Q. m b 1 

St. Kobert, Q. 1 

8t. Bocb de BIchruQ 1 
St. B'hdesAulnaUq I 
St.Boch I'Achtean, Q 1 

8t«. Bomalnr. Q 1 

Ste. Boballe, Q. 1 

St. Kose.Q Ir 

St. Sauveur, Q. 

8t.Sauv'rdeQ'b'c.Q 
Ste. Scholastlque, Q.mbr 
St. Sebastlen, Q 

ft. Severe, Q b 
t. Simon de Yama»- 

ka,Q I 

St.Slmon de Blmous- 

kl, Q. 1 

Ste. Sophie, Q b I 

Ste. Sophia de La- 
come, Q 

St. St&ntitias, Q b I 

St. Stanislas do Kost- 

ka, Q. I 

St. Stephen, N.B t m 

St. Sttlplce, Q 

St. Sylvester, 0. 1 

St. Sylvester, B.Q.... 

St. Theodore, 0.. 

Ste.Thereae de Blalu- 

vllle, Q m b 1 

St. Thomas, E., Q.... t 
St. Thomas, 'W.,0...tmbs 

St. TImothee, Q 1 

St.Tlte.Q .„... 

St. Tite des Capa 

St. Urbaln, Q b I 

Ste.Ur8Ul-,Q 1 

St. Valentin, Q 1 

St. Valerlen, C 
St. Valuer. Q 

Ste. Vlctolre. Q. J 

St. Victor deTrlng,Q. 
St.Vlncentde Paul.Q. 

8t.Wlnce8la8, Q 

St. Zephlrtn. Q. 1 

St. Zotlque.Q I 

Sable, 

Sable Biver. N. S. 

Sabrevols, Q 

8ackvllle.N.B mt 

SalntfleM.O. 

Salem, N. a 

Sslem, O 

Salford, 

Salisbury, N. B m t 

Salmon Beach, N. B. 
Salmon Creek. N. B. 

Salmon Hole.N.S 

Salmon Blv., N. B... 
Salmon Blver, Albert 

Co., N B 

Salmon Blver, 0. B., 

N.B 

Salmon Blver, Co. 

Dlgby, N. S 

Salmon Biver, Co. 

Ouysboro, N. S 

Salmon Biver Co., 

Halifax.N.S 

Salmon Blver. Lake 

Settlement, N. 8.... 

SalmonviUe, O 

Salt Spring, N. B 

Sambro, N. S 

Sanborn. Q 

Sandaeld.O 

Sandford, O b 

Sandhill, O 

Sandhurst, 0. 

Sand Point, t 

Sand Point, N. S 

Sandwich, smbt 

Sandy Beach.Q 

Sandy Beaches. N.B. 
Sandy Cove, N. S...... 

Bandy Point. N.S 

Sarawak. 

Bamla, 'o'."."'.'.'."!!!'s"m b t 
BangMn. s t m b 



8aulnIerville,N.a 
Sault au Recollet, Q. 1 
Hault Ste. Marie. 0.... b 
Savage's Mill, Q.... 
Sawmill Creek. N.S... 

SawyervlUe, Q b 

Scarboro'. O t 

Schoroberg, O m b 

Scone, 

Scotch Block. Q 

Scotch Settlement, 

N B 
Scotch Town, n'.'b!!! 
Scotch Village, N. 8. 

Scotland, O m b 

Scott's Bay, M.S 

ScoviU's Mills. N.B. 

ScuROg, 0. 

Seaforth, smbt 

Sebringville, b 

Second Falls. N. B, 



Seeley's Bay, 0. 

Seeley's MlUs, N. B... 



Selby.O.... 
Irk, O 



■ mb 



Selkl . 
Selmah. N. 8. 
Selton. 0.. 
Selwin, O, 

Seneca. s m b 

Settrlngton. 0. 

Severn Bridge, b 

ShM Harbor, N. S.... 

Shakespeare, O m b t 

Shamrock. 

Shanlck, 

Shanly O. 

SbannonvUle. O.... m b t 
Shanty Bay, O. 

Sharon, O m b' 

Sharp's Bridge, N.S. 

!?harpton.O 

Shawbridge, 
Shawenegan, 

Shawvllie, N 

Shea's Blver. N.S.. 
Shedlac N.B. 



mt 
Shedlac Bridge, N.B. 
Shedlac Boad. N.B... 
Sheet Harbor, N.S.... 

Sheffield, 0.....~ b 

Sheffield. N.B m 

Sheffield Mills, N.S... 
Sheflford Mount'n, Q. 

Shelbnme, N. 8 m t 

Shelbume. 

Sheldon, 

Shepody Boad. N. B. 
Sherbrooke. Q... a m b r t 

Sherbrooke, N. B m 

Sherbr'ke Mlnes,N.A. 

Sheridan, O 

Sherkston„0 

Sherrington, Q b 1 

Shetland, 

Shlgawake, Q. 

Shtgtehawk.N.R 

Shlnemlca8BridKe,N.S. 
Ship Harbour, N. 8... 
Ship Harbour, HaU- 

flix. N.8 

Shipley, 0.. 



Bmlthfleld. O 

Smith's, N. B 

SmUh's Falls. 0... smbt 

Smithtown. N.B 

8mlthvllle.Llnc'ln,0.m b 

SomervlUe, N. B 

Sombra, m 

Somerset, N. 8 

Soneraet, %. m b 1 1 

Sonya. 

Sorel, Q b m b r t 

South. N.8 



Southampton, N.B... 
South Bamston, Q.... 

South Bmt, n.8 

South B(Mton, Q 

South Brancb, Co. 

Colchester. N.S 

BouthBranch (Kenn's) 

N. B » 

Bouth Branch (Oro- 

mucto) N.B 

Bouth Cavugii, 

South Douro. 

South Dummer. 0.... 

South Durham.Q...... 

~ " ~ Pas- 



" nil 



bhlpplmn, N.B 

Short Beacb,N.S 

Shrewsbury, Q 

Shrlgley, Q...Z 

Shubenacadle. N. 8... 
ShubenacadleBlv.,N,S. 

Shnlle. N. S. 

Siaht Point, N.S 

SiUsvllle, 

Silver Creek. O 

Sliver HIU. Q 

Silver Shoe, 

Simcoe, smbt 

Singhampton. m 

8ixMlleBrook,N.8... 
Six Mile Boad. N.S... 

Six Portages, ~ 

Sklpnesa, 

^ky Glen, N. 8 

Ikye. O 

lleswlck. 0. 



Bllgo, 0.. 
imith'i ' 



^_-._'8Cove,H.R.. 
Smith's Ofeok, H.B.. 



Bouth Eastern 

sace, N. & 

South Eimsley, O 

South Ely, Q 1 

South Finch, O 

South Oloucester.O... 

South Gower,0 

South Oranby, Q 

South Out of St. 

Ann's. N. S 

South Hlnchlnbr*ke,Q. 

South Lake O. b 

Bouth McLellau's 

Mountain, N. S 

South March.O 

South Mlddleton.O... 
South Monaghan 0. 
South Mountain. 0... 
South Nelson, N.B... 
South Quebec, Q. m b t ■ 

South Boxton, Q 

Bouth Side Basin of 

Rlrrer Denis. N.S... 
Bouth Bide of Boular- 

derie. N. S 

South Side of Why- 

cocomah Bay (N.S. 
South Bide West 

Margaree, N.B 

South Zorra, 

Spanish Blver, 

(Sparta, U m b 

Speedle.O -.. 

Speedslde. O .~.. 

Spencer's, N. S 

Spencer Cove, Q 

Spletcho's Cove, N.B. 

Spencervlle. m t 

Sprague's Polnt.N.B. 

Spring Arbour, 

Springbank, O 

Bpringfleld,N.B 

. Springfield, 

Springfield, N. B 

Bprlngfleld, Yorks 

Xlo., N.B 

Bpringford, m 

Spring Hill. N.B 

Spring HIU, N.S 

Spring HIU B'd.N. 8. 

SpringvUle. N.B 

SpringvlllAO 

Spruce Lake. N. B.... 

Spry Bay, N.B 

Btaflh, O 

Staffbrd, 

Stamford.O. 

Stanbridge Eaat,Q. m b 1 
Staiibridge Statlcn.Q t 

Stanbury, Q 

Btandon, Q. 

Btanfold. Q mblt 

Btanhope.Q. 

BUnley, N7B 

Stanley's Mni8.0 

Stanstead. Q.. s m b 1 r t 
tanton, O.. 

Htarkey'a K. B.......... 

fitameeboro', Q.....~.. 



'M 



148 



Post Office. 




, I 



Vh ^ 











?i^' 



l^ 



ti 






ZiUT Of Post <Kio«i, Tetatnpli SUtloni, Ac 



Steyner. ■ n: b t 

Steam AiaVUliwa,N.S. 
Steele. O 

Steep Creek, N. 8. 
teeves Mount'n.M.B. 

Stella. O M 

SteveiMvUle.O 

8t«wUkaC-B'di,N.8. 
Stewlake, M'dle,N.S. t 

sun Water. N. 8 

StlrUng,0 anibt 

Stirton. O b 

StUtead, O 

8'ltteTiUe. 

Stockdale,0 

Stockwell, Q 

Stoco.O 

gtoddart's. N. 

Btonefleld. Q 

Stoneham. Q 

Stoney Creek. O mb 

Stoney Creek, N. B... 

Stoney Point, 

Stormont, N. 8. 

Storaoway. Q. 

StottvUle, Q 1 t 

StonflVlUe, O B m b 

Strabaue, O m b 

StraffbrdTlUe, O m b 

Strangford.O 

Stratford, O b m b t 

•Stratford BR 8'tlon. t 

Strathallan.O..^ 

Strathbum, O 

Strathnalm.O 

Strathroy, O b m b t 

StreetsvUle.O ■ m b t 

Stretton, O 

StromnesB, 

Stukely, O.. b 1 

SuUlvan, D 

Summer HII.N. B.... 

Sammerstown.O 

Snmmervllle, K.S.... 

Summerville, 0. 

Sunbnry. O 

Sunnidale, Om t 

Snasex Comer, N.B... 
SnsMx Portage, N.B, 
SuBBez Yale, «. B.... m t 
8ntheri=nd'B Cors.. 0. 
Suttaerrnd'8BlT..«.8. 
Sntberiand'B HUls, 

BnttonTQ ".""".V.V.'"m 1 1 

Sweaburg, O b 

SweetsburK, Q t m b 

SwltzervlUe, O b 

Sydenham Place, Q... 

Sidney, N. 8 t m 

Sidney Mines, N.8.... 

8vlTan. m b 

Sypher^B Cove, N.B.. 

Tabuclntac, M.B 

Tadonsac. Q... ,. 

TalbotvlUe Boyal, 0. 

Tamworth, mb 

Vancook Island. M.S. 

Tkngler. N. a 

Tannery, We8t.Q...... 

Tapleyton, O...,. 

Tara, a 

Tarbert, C — ......"• 

TatamiKonche, N. S. 
« Hoant.,N.B. 

Tatlock,0 .......... 

Tavistock, 0~......Ai.. m t 

Taylorbolme, O........ 

Taylor Town, N.B.... 

Taylor VUtage. N. B. 
TayHlUs, «.&..».... 

TaySettlem't, N.B. 
T«cam8eth,p..~...»... 

Tedlsb. N. B.. 

Teeswater, Q 

TeeterrlUe, »... 

Temperance Tale, N. 

B. ••• .•....•••..••."••* 

Templeton, Q............ 

? Tempo, 0...~.... 
enecaflB, N.8 
eBHU«Oreek,N.B. 
Tennant'a Oove, N.B 
Tenoyton, 



Terrebonne, Q m b 1 

Tesii'ervllle, Q... 

Tcstob.O. 

TeTlotdale.O...., 

Tbamesford, 0. m 

TtaamesvlUe, t m b 

Tbf;aet,0. 

Tb«Bange,N. B. 
Tbistletown. 0..... 
Tbomasbnrg, 0.... 
TbompsonvUle, O. 
Thombury, 0............ t b 

Thomdale, O. t 

Thome,Q. 

Thome Brook. M.B. 
Thoraetovn, M.B... 

Ttaorahlll, s m b t 

Thornton, 

Thorold, a m b t 

Thorold Station. O.... 
Three Brooks, N.B... 
Three MUe Plains. 

N.8 

Three Blver8.Q. m b r t s 

Thnrlow, O 

Thurso, Q .s m b 1 

Tldnl8h,N.S 

TMnUh Brldse. N.B, 

Tilbury, Sasf, mb 

Tllsonbarg.O. .. st 

TltusvlUe, N. B... 

Tiverton. ~... 

Toledo. 0. 

ToneyBlTor.N.g. 

IS?fea= 

lorbolton, 0. 

nrmore, 0. 

Toronto, s m b t 

•Toronto Station, 0. t 

Totnea, O. 

Tottenham, O b 

Tower Hill. N.B 

Townsend Centre, O. 

Tracadle N.B 

Tracadie. N. 8 

Tracy's Mills, N.B.... 

Trafalgar, 

TrafliUar, N.& 

Treadwell, 

Treca8tle,0 b 

TremMay, Q.. 
Treubolm, Q.. 

Trenton, O s m b t 

TroU Pistoles, Q It 

Trots Saumons, Q 
Trout Cove, N.8... 
Trout Blver, Q.... 

Trowbridge, 0. 

Troy,0 b 

TrudetUO. 

Truro. N.8. mt 

Tuam, O. b 

Tnllamore. m b 

TnppervUie, N. S..., 
Turn's Bay, N.S.... 
TurUe Creek, N. 3 

Tufcarora, 

Tusket,N.S mt 

Tnsket wedge, N.8... 

Tweed, b 

Tweedslde, 0..... 
Tweedslde, N. B. 

•Tyandinaga, O t 

Tyrconnell, 0. 

Tyrone, 0. 

Tyrrell, O. 

ITdora,a b 

Ufflngion, 0. 

Ubter,0 

niverton, Q m b 

UmftmTllie.O.. 
Underwood, 0. 

Union, .m b 

•Union Station (To- 
ronto) 0. t 

UnlonTllle, O............ b 

Uphain.N.B.< 
Upnor, 0. 

Ui>'rBaydnVln,N.B. 
Up*r Buotoache,N. B 
UpV Caledonia, N.8 



„ in the Domlnlou of 
Upp'r Cross Beads, 

St. Mary's, N.8 

Up'rDykeVU'ge,NJ9 
I'Tp'r Oagetown,N.B. 
Up'rOreenwicbfN.B. 
Up'r HaynesyUle,NB 

Upper Kent. N.B 

Up'r Keswick, N.B... 
Ugr Keswick Bidge, 

Up'r La"HaTe,"N."8"'. 
Uroer L'ch Lomond 

U^r Magaguadavl'c, 

Upper"Miiui,"N7B!"r. 
Up'r MaugerTlUe,NB 
Upper Neguac, N.B. 
Upper Nelson. N.B. 
Up'rN'wHorton.NB 
Upper Newport, N.S 

Upper Peel, N.]& 

Upper Pocgmouche, 

U'per Queen8b'y,N.B 
UpperBt. Basil, N.B. 
Upper SackvlUe,N.B 
Upper Settlement, 

ttaroey'sBlv.,N.S. 
Up'r Settlement, BU 

BaddeckBlver,N.S 
Upper Settlement, 8. 

iiiver, N.8. 

Up'r Settlement, W. 

Blver, N.a 

Upper Southampton, 

UppWStewiackeVNS 
Upper 8^; <tez, N.B... 
Up'r Wasbabuk, N.8. 
Upper Wlck]ow,N.B. 
Up'rWoodstockjN.B 

Ujpsalquitch, N.B 

•Upton.Q. t 

Ut<ca.O 

Utterson. O 

Uttoxeter. O 

Uxbrldge.O. s m b 

VaUlancourt. Q 

valcartler, u 

Valcourt, Q. 

yalenUa,0 

Valetta,0 

Valentyne, 0. 

Valtort,Q 

VaUeytteld.Q 

Talmont, Q. 

Yandecar, 

Yankleek Hill, O... s m b 

Yarennes, Q.. 1 

Yaraa, O b 

Yauban, Q 

Yaudreull,Q. Irt 

Yv\aghan's,N.& 

Yelihton.0. 

Yellore,0..... 

Yenice, Q> 

Yennachar, 

Yentnor, 

Yercheres, Q r 

Yerdnn, O 

Yeraon.O 

Yeroonvllle. 

Yerona,0 

YersaUles. Q. 

Yesta. O 

Ylcars,Q. 

YlctoriarN.B 

Ylctorla.Co.Cumber* 

land, N.8 

Ytctona Comer*, 0... 
YlctOTt»Bqnare. 0.... 

Ylenna, s t m b 

Vlger,;0 

Yl|o,0 

YlTgedes AnlnalB,Q. 
YllUigeBlohelleu, q. 

Yillanova, 

Vincennes, Q 

Vine, O. 

Yinton, Q........ 

YioleCoT. 

YlrgUO 

Yictorla, O m b 

Vivian, 0. 



Yogler's Cove, N. S... 
Yroomanton. 0.........m b 

•Walnfleet.0. t 

Wabashene, U.......... 

Wakefield. Q 

Wales. 0.....:. 

Walkcrton. O s t m b 

Wallace, N. S m t 

Wallace, O. 

Wallace Bridge, N.S. 

Wallac<>bnrg, .s m b 

Wallace Bldge, N.S. 
Wallace Blver. N.S. 

Wallacetown, b 

Wallbrldge,0 

WaUensteIn, O. b 

Walmer.O 

WaUb. 

Walslngbam. b 

Walter^sVaUB,0...... 

Waltham, Q. 

Walton, O . 

Walton, N. 8 

Wanstead, O 

Warden.Q. 

Ward's Creek /oad.. 

Wartsville,"0.V.*.'.'.V.V8'm b 

Warebam, 

Warkworth, 0. m b 

Warminster, 

Warner. 

Warren. N. 8 

Warrlnjtton. 

Warsaw, m 

Warwick. Q bit 

Warwick. O m 

Washademoak, N. B. 

Wa8hago,0 

Washington, O. b 

Waterborough, N. B. 

Waterdown, t m b 

Watcrford, s m b t 

Waterloo, Q s m b r t 

Waterloo, O .a m b t 

Watervllle, N. a 

Watervllle, Q. t 

WatervlUe.N.B 

Wbtford, m 

Watson's Corners. O. 
Watson Set'm'ntjNB 
Waugh's Blver, N.S. 

Waverly, O 

Waverly.N.** 

Waweffj N.B. 

WW's Mills, Q 

Webbers. Lr. Oran- 

vlUe, N.S 

Webster's Creek.N.B 

Weedon, Q.— 

Welcome, O 

Wetland, s m b t 

Wetland Port, O m 

Welleslty, 0. .mb 

Welllngtoo, O m b t 

Wellington Sq.. 0...mbt« 
Wellman's Coraer8.0 

Welsford. N. B 

Wendover. O 

WestArlchat,N.S.... 

West Arran, O 

West Bay, N. & 

West Bolton, O. 

West Branch. B. Bl- 
ver, Plctou,N.a 

West Branch, Nlcho- 

laa Blver, N.B 

West Branch, Blver 

Philip, N.S. 

West Brome, Q. 

West Brook, O,. 

West Brongnton,Q... 

Westbnry, Q 

WestOheiser,N.S.... 
West Chester Lake, 

N fl. 
West Cock, N.B.""'.'.* 

WestDltton,Q. 

West Dublin, N. 8.... 

WestKssa,0. b 

West Famham, Q...m b I 
Westfleld,0.......7..... 

Westfield, N. B 

West Vlamboro', 0...m b 
West OlaasvtUe. N.B 



OmMmmA) 

I Cove, N. 8... 

mton.0. mb 

leet,0 t 

lene. U» 

^!!::::::-: 

ton.O stmb 

9, N. S m t 

9,0. 

B Bridge, N.& 

bbnn, ■> m b 

9 BIdge, N. 8. 
sBlvor. N. 8. 

Btown, b 

idse,0 ^ 

stein, O. b 

^?=::::::: 

gtaam, ^ b 

B Valla. 

.in.Q. 

1,0 

i.N.S 

sad.O 

i.Q. 

Creek .'o«<3., 

MlleV6V.V.'.'".'.s"m b 

»rn. 

orth, 0. m b 

nster, 

r, O 

i! N. s 

i'ton, O 

«r,0 in 

ck.Q bit 

ck,0 m 

lemoak, N. B. 

go.O..... 

igton, O b 

)OToagh, N. B. 

lown.O t mb 

brd,0 siDbt 

00, Q smbrt 

00. .a m b t 

rllle, N. 8. 

Ilie, Q. t 

lUe. N. B 

a, m 

i'» Corners. O. 
1 Set'm'nt.NB 
.'8Blver,N.8. 
y, 

ylN-J* 

I.N.B 

ttin|.Q.;.. 

m, Lr. Orui- 

r'8 dreekVN.B 

1.Q" 

He, O ^ ^ 

d, O smbt 

a Port, O m 

»y, 0. .mb 

iton, .m b t 

^on Sq., 0...mbta 
m's Corneta,0 

■6, K. B 

rer, 

ricnat, N.8.... 

rran.o 

ay, if. S. 

olton, a. 

ranch. B. Bl- 

>lctou,N.S. 

rancb.Mlcho- 

▼er. N.B 

Iranch, Blver 

»,N.S.. 

rome, Q. 

rook. Om 

rougnton,Q... 

ry, Q 

leiser, N.S.... 
Iiester Lake, 

>ck,N.'B.""'." 

Itton, Q. 

ublln.R.S.... 

wa, O b 

»mbam,Q...mbl 
ld,0.......:..... 

Id. N. B. 

lamboro*. 0...m b 
laMvlUe. N.B 



J*aff Office. 149 

LUT of Pott Offloei. Telegraph 8tatlona, *c., In the Dominion of Canada.- (OmM«n«I.) 



WeetOore,N.8 

West Unnilngdon, 

West Hnntley, 

WoatLakc.O. 

WcKt HcOlIllTray, 

Wp«tmeath,0. 

Weat Hontrow. O.... 
Weatmorland Point, 

jl n 

Weaton,"6"."V.V.*.""i"m b t 

Weat Oagoode, 

Weatover. b 

WeatportiO 

Weatport,N.8 m 

Weat Potion, a. 

Weat Blver. K% 

Weat Blver Station, 

JT & ' 

Weat'BConieri',*©.'.'.*" 

Weat Sbeflbrd, Q 

Weat Side Locbabar. 

N.a 

Weatvii'e, N.8 

WeatWlncbeater.O. b 

Weatwood.O ~..... 

Wexford, 

Weymontb, N.S t 

Weymoath Bridge, 

^^. O...W. 

Whalen, 0. 

Wbeatland, Q 

Wheatly. 0..?. b 

Wheaton Settlement, 
H.B 



Whitby. a m b t 

White Uead, N.S 

Whltehurat.O 

White Lake, ~.. 

White Point, N. 8.... 

White Boae,0 

White'a Cove, N.B... 

Whltevale,0 b 

Whitfield, O 

Whittlngton, 

Whycocoman, N.S... 

Wlarton, 0. 

Wick, 

Wickham, N.B 

WIckham Station, 
V n ' 

wickiow,'*6!!!'.*."!!!i'.r.'. 

Wlcklow,N.B 

WIckwire Station, N. 

a 

Wldder,0 bt 

WIdder Station. 0...t mb 

Wlimd.O 

Wtlkesport, O 

Wllletsholme, 

Wmiaoia, O m 

•WUllamsbin^.Q t 

Wllllamstown, O 

Wllllam8town,N.B... 

Wllll8crofl.O 

Wlllowdale. 

Willow Grove. O 

WlllowgroTe,N.B.... 
Wilmot, N.8 .m t 



Wllmnr, ~ 

Wllson'a Beach. N.B 

Wilton, 0. b 

Wimbledon. O 

Winchelaea, 

Wincheater, O. b 

WincheaterSp'ga, 0. 

Windermere, 0... 

Windham, Centre, O 
Windham Bill. N. 8. 

Windaor.N.a 

WIndaor. 0..........a m b t 

•Windsor. Station. Q t 

Windsor, »&. m t 

Windsor Junction. 

N a .... t 

Wliid8o7MlUB"a,"i" 
Wine Harbor. I}^.... 

Winfleld. 

WIngtaani. m b 

Winona, » t 

WInterboume, 

WInthrop, O. 

Wtsbeacb.O 

Wobum.O 

Wolfe laUnd.O 

Wolfttown,Q 1 

WolfvUIe I!.. N.S m t 

Wolverton, 

Woodbridge, O m b 

Woodbam. 

Woodibrd, 

WofKlhnm, m 

Wood HaroOT. N.S... 



Woo<: Like, N.B. 

Woodlands, 

Wood Point, N.B..-. 

WM>dalde,Q..... bl 

Woodtlee. U 

Woodatoci;, O » t m b 

Wooda-.uck, N. B m t 

WoodatockBoad Sta- 
tion, N.B 

Woodvllle, Xk b 

Wooler, Q 

Wotton.Q bl 

Wreck Cove. N.S 

Wright. Q 

Wroxeter. a m b 

Wyandott. O 

Wyebridge. 

Wyoming. 0.........a m b t 

Tamtushlche, Q.........b It 

Tamaaka, Q...». bl 

Yarker.O..^ b 

Yarmouth, N.a m t 

Yarmouth Centre, 0. 

Yoho, N.B 

York, m b 

YorkHlUa, O b 

York Blver, O 

YorkvUle,0 .m b 

Young's Covo, N.B... 

Young's Point. 

Zephyr. 0. 

Zeiland, 

Zimmerman, 0. 

Zurich. O.........M..M..M SB 




■dlMMMMNfa^^.MaiMta.-V.M.ft« 



:!!:.■ i ;S 



50 



Us 









S. 



■•^«'.i' 



MiKtia and Defence, 



MILITIA AND DEFENCE. 



The mtutta orgtnlutlon of the Provlaoei (for which we the 7m» Book for ISM, (tege 101) le now 
being lupplanted by a uniform Dominion lyatem ; rat new Mllltla Act, for • careful digest of whioh 
iee onr article on the legislation of laii eeeilon, having come liito fbroe on Oet lit. 

There Is tbio little to: ns to do this year except to state the •trengtb of certain brancbee of our 
defbnslTe Ihrce » t period. , 

In the ProTl of Qu»b«e and OiOario the following Tokintecr eerpi existed (Oct. 1st, UM) i— 



Ontario. 


Quobei 


« 
18 
33 


8 
11 


•■•••• 


•••••• 

3 


•••••• 

1 
816 


"mt 


••-•I* 




%•■••• 





Total. 



8 

21 

44 

13 

3 

1 

1 

463 

23 

6 



^2 



Kalure of Force. 



Field BatUrles. • • - - 
Troops of Oavalrjr - • • . 
Garrlion Artillery - - • • 

Do. do. O. T. B. * ' 
Bnglneers 

Do. O.T.B.*- • ■ 

Naval Oo. 

Infantiy and BIfles • - • < 

Do, O.T.B.*- - . 

Do. 0. 8. B. • - - • 



■:-:-l 



Total 



Nominal Strength. 



600 mad. 
I,0M " 

3,490 " 

166 " 
66 " 

r,T» " 



M.nio men. 



•Th* GraBd T'onk Bns*d« and tha Clril SwtIm BUU B«gt. tm ooBildtisd eemnoB to both QutbM and Ontario. 

Of the«e, probably 25.000 are well drilled men, ready to take the Held at short notice. 
The rest of the mlUtla force In these Provinces has hitherto not been worth counting— no 
muster, still less drill, having been required. The Service Mllltla nominally consists of 40,646 men In 
Quebec, and 48,49A in Ontario. 

In Nova Scotia (1867) there were 8 companies of volunteers— 1 artillery, 1 englnesn, the rest rifles ; 
43 officers, 47 sergeanU, and 649 rank and file. The mllltla Is (0 some extent orgonlsed, and the 
parade^Utes shew that 41,997 of aU ranks were present during the year at Inspection parades. Only 
6,691, however, attended drill, and these only for an average of 31 hoyrs each. 

In ITeie Brutuwiok (1867) there were, of volunteers, 7 corps of cavalry, (337 officers and men,) 9 of 
artillery, (639 officers and men,) 1 of engineers, (36 men,) 33 of Infantry, (1,317 officers and men.) 
Total, 39 corps, with 122 officers, 133 sergeants, and 1,623 rank and file,— In all, 3,079. 

Of militia, class A, there were 2,079; class B, 18,770 1 olas* 0, 17,876 1 HdenUry, 7,193. Total 
46,926. Some few of these attended muster parades. 

The following armed vessels vessels are malntolned by tlie British and Canadian Oovernments on 
the lakes and river St. Lawrence west of Montreal. Those east of Montreal are not fitted wUh guns, 
but are available as gunboats, and are employed in light house and coa4t service i— 



Name. 



BritUhOovt. 
Ueron 

Oherub 

itomart..... 



Minstrel 

OoModianOopt. 

Bescue •• 

Prince Alfi«d. 



Description. 



/Screw Stea'r.l 
iB'rqueBlg'd./ 

do 

do 
do 



/Twin Screw 1 
I Steamer. J 

Screw Stea*r, 



Horse 
Power. 



60 
60 
60 
60 

65 
76 



No. of 

Men. 



Tons 



40 
40 
40 
40 

63 

70 



226 
226 
226 
226 

275 

436 



No. of Ouns. 



Service on which employed 
this year. 



ri 110 Arm'g.l 

;1 40 " ' 



1 no 


•1 




40 




1 no 






40 


1, 


1 no 


•1 




40 


•1 




14 


Arm'g, 




10 


Brass. 




14 
10 


Ajm'g. 
Brats. 



uake Ontario Po;ts, between 
. Kingston and Hamilton. 
Lake Huron Ports, between 
. Oo.lerlch atiil Windsor. 
Lake Brie Ports, between 
.Dunvllle and Windsor. 
Biver St. Lawrence, between 
Lachlne and Cornwall. 

River St. Lawrence, between 
Prosoott nnd Kingston. 

Lake Erie Pnru, between Port 
Brie and Dunvllle. 



(tttieeet 



168 registered tonnage. 
311 registered tonnage' 



At Quebec the government owns :— 

The Lady Head I Screw steamer, iron I ISO horse power 

The Napoleon III | Screw steamer. Iron 1 300 horse powcr< 

In Halifcm, the Dominion owns the " Daring " and the " Druid,*' two fut steamers, employed la 
coast service,— not fitted with guns, but available as gunboats. 

The cost of the defensive organixations of the Provinces comprising the Dominion was (034,076 In 
1864; 4^69,159 in 1865; and $1,928,016 in 1866. In 1867-8 It was probably ahoul 11,600,000, the cost »f 
reparatioDS fbr FenlaB raids having been somewhat dimlnlahad. 



8, pltga 101) !• now 
ifut digest of which 

kin bmobti of our 

[Oot.lit.18M)!- 



Nomlntl Stnnfth. 



MOmol 
1,0M ** 

8,490 " 

l«5 " 
M " 

afr.TJo " 



93,010 tnon. 



h Qu«Im« Md OnUrie. 

Otiot. 

rorih counting— no 

ita of 40,ft4l> men In 

iflon, the reit rtflei • 
orgonlKed, and the 
tlonparadei. Only 

Iceri and men,) 9 of 

officers and men.) 

I. 

iiMrr, 7,193. Total 

nOovernmenta on 
ot fitted wUh guna, 



, which employed 
hia year. 



rto Po!ts, between 
and Hamilton. 
•n Porta, between 
anil Wtndaor. 

Forta, between 
and Windaor. 
lawrence, between 
nd Cornwall. 

jawrenee, between 
ind Klnsaton. 
oru, between fort 
Dunvllte. 



eglitered tonnage, 
cglatered tonnage' 

men, employed In 

on wa« <^34.&7S in 
00,000, tho oost «r 



Charters of Incorporation, 



151 



There are 4 companlea of BIflea, formed Into a battalion, at St. John**, (Major Ilenry Renonf, 
the Deputy AdUatant General, commanding,) and I company at Harbor Orace. The following are the 
offloera of the companlea ;— 



No. 1. The " Prince of Wales." 

No. 3. The " Avalon Company. '... 
No. 8. The "Victoria Company.*'... 

No. 4. ' Torra Nova *' Company 

No.O. "Harbor Grace** Company.. 



Captain. 



Qonry J.Stabb 

(Not gazetted yet.) 

Tbos. W.Stabb 

B. J. Parsons.Jr 

Hon. J. Hayward 



Lieutenant. 



Chos. S Plusent 

(Not sazctted yet.) 

N. 8. Stabb 

H. Dryer 

B. T. Moore 



EnslRnii. 



Th^. Brown, J. Bosch 

(Nut eazetted yet.) 
niiarles Bowrlng. 
Weston Carter. 
Bobert Munn. 



CHARTERS OF INCORPORATION. 



Obaitim granted by the Ontario Ooveramenv to Incorporated Companies, firom ist July, 1887, to 
September, 1868, being 14 In number, with an aggregate capital of 1906,000 :— 



Namea of Companies. 



The Qpmwall Manutecturing Company 

The Victoria Gold Bllulng Go. of Toronto... 
The Anglo-Saxon Gold Mining Company... 

Ontario salt Company. 

Dominion Salt Company 

The Union Mining Company 

The MattlandTllle Bait Well Company. 

The Te. amseth Salt Company 

?he Huron Salt Well Company 
he Canada Salt Works. Co. of Ooderich... 
The Thunder Bay Silver Mining Company... 
The Toronto and Whitby Mining Company. 
The Oalway Mining Company. 
The Ont. Concentrated Tannin 



Co. of Perth, 



Capital 



<ioo,oou 

35,000 

n.»,o'io 

13,000 
20,000 
60,000 
4,000 
10.000 
12,000 
15,000 
400,000 
60,<00 

ao,(K)o 

40,000 



Plaoe of operation. 



Co-nwall Township 

Modoc Township 

Hado. Township ».... 

Ooderich Town 

Goderlch Town 

Madoc Township 

Coibome Townablp 

Uoderich Town 

Ooderich Town 

Colborne Township 

Thunder Baj- and Montreal 

Madoc Township 

Oalway k SomerTiUo Townships. 
Bathurst ft South Sherbrookc T'ps 



Date. 



13th Peb.. 186k. 
17th " " 
9th March, " 
9th " •* 
1st April, •• 
9th " 
9th " 

4th May, " 
ith " 

2nd June, ** 
2nd " 
13th " 
I8tb July, •* 
5th Sept.. •• 



LiiT ot the Charters of Incorporation granted In Qaeber <turinj; the year ending 3Uth June, 1868— vis. 
11 companlea, with an authorlfed capital of |l,20l,7(> 



Names of Companies. 



St. Lawrence Glass Company. 
[ontreal Gymnasium 

Kingsbury Slate and Manufacturing Co 

UrapUlte Company of Canada. 

Locnabcr Plumbago Company. 

Buckingham Manufacturing Company. 

Drummondvlllo Bark Extract Manufac- 
turing Company 

Montteal Bollmg Mllla Company. 

Paton's Manufocturing Company 

Ole. des %£lnea de la BTvlere St. Francois.... 
KUershanaen Company. } 



OaplUl 



$23,000 

11,700 

30,000 

100,000 

300,000 

100.000 

80,000 
10,000 
100,000 
100,000 
370,000 



Placj of operation. 



Hontreal 

Montreal 

Kingsbury. 

Township of Templeton., 

Lochaber. 

Buckingham ~ 



Township of Simpson June lOth. 

City and Parish of Montrea? April Uih, 

Sherbrooke June I0t,h, 

River St. Francois IApril24th, 

Montreal June 10th, 



Date. 



Feb. 1st, xmB, 
Jan. 29th, •• 
Feb. 14th. •• 
Jan. 30th, " 
March Ulb." 
Feb. 19th, •• 




\^ 



152 



Game and Fishery Laws, 



1 






'd i; 






■'m^ -' 




m 



GAME AND FISHERY LAWS. 



(By Sdwars 0. Baxbik, Esq., OtUwa. author of " The Orack Shot." *e.. *o.) 

Omtabio AMD Qunio. 

Since the iMt ime of the T«ar Book rery conelderable changes bare been made In the Oame 
Laws of the Province! of Ontario and Qaebeo. The ruhery Lawe of the Dominion haTe alio been 
roTlied to lome extent, and it U now believed that if iportimen will respect the provliioni of the 
▲ote and aid In enlbrcing the penalty against the poacher fi>r infractions thereof, game and flsh 
will again become plentlAil. 

It Is greatly to be regretted that the Leglslatares of the dimsrent Provinces have not provided the 
means for carrying ont thr'.r various enactments on the subiect of the protection of game.and herein is 
fslt the inconvenience of these matters being dealt with in detail by the various Provinces Instead of 
by the Dominion. Had the Dominion Legislature been vested with the power of legislating upon (he 
suhioot of Oame as well as upon the risherles, the fishery overseers might have been ma<!9 efllclent 
aids to the diflbrent game clubs throughout the country. To those of Quebec and Montreal 
much praise Is due fbr their eflbrts to protect game ; but It Is absurd to suppose that individual effbrt 
can stay the devastating hand of the pot-hunter. Much good would be accomplished If the munici- 
palities could be Induced to aObrd their aid. 

Ix Omtaxio, the close season (br Deer or Fawn, Xlk. Moose or Cariboo, extends tnm 1st Deo. to 
Ist Sept., not to be trapped ; the close season tor Wild Turltey, Grouse, Pheasant. Partridge, or Hare, 
If between 1st Jan. and 1st Sept. ; for Quail between 1st Jan. and 1st Oct. ; and for Woodcock tnm 
1st March to 1st Sept. ; and no Wild Swun, Ooose, r v say description of Duck is allowed to be killed 
between the first day of March and the first day of September. Melthei is it to be trapped or taken 
by means of traps, snares or springs, or killed by any other method than by shooting. It Is also 
nnlawfUl to use sunken punts or batteries. No eggs of any kind of the birds above enumerated are 
allowed to be taken or destroyed at any time. No Beaver, Muskrat, Mink. Sable, Otter or VIsher, is to 
be taken or trapped between the 1st May and ISth November. There is also a clause protecting any 
partlcaiar kind of game that may be Imported by parties desirous of breeding the same. The fine 
varies ftom |2 to |25 tor each head of game Illegally killed, and I9 detoult of payment olfenders are 
imprisoned In a eommon Jail tor a term not exceeding 30 days. 

Speckled Trout can be taken between the Ist January and Ist October, but only by angling by 
hand with hook and line. Whlteflsh or Salmon Trout are not to be taken by awy means between the 
19th November and Ist December, nor by means ot any kind of seine between the aoth May and la< 
▲ngust. The close seasons for Bass, Pickerel, Masklnonge and other flsh, are to be fixed by the 
Govemor In Council to suit dlftorent localities. 

In Qviuo, the close season for Xlk, Moose, Cariboo, Deer, Fawn or Hare, is flrom the Isi 
FObmary to Ist September ; tor Grouse, Ptarmigan, Partridge, Woodcock or Snipe, between the Ist of 
March and 1st September. No Wild Swan, Wild Goose, or any kind of Wild Duck Is allowed to bA 
shot at, trapped or killed between the 20th of May and Ist September except In that part of the 
Province east of the Brandy Pots, where the Inhabitants are allowed, tor /ood only, to kill the same 
between the 1st September and Ist June. Neither Is it lawftil to kill any of the above between sunset 
and sunrise. All the game animals and birds mentioned in the Act, exetpt Hares and Patrldges, are 
protected from trapping. No eggs of any of the kinds of birds mentioned or any species of wild fowl 
are allowed to be disturbed. Injured, or taken. 

No Lynx, Wild Oat. Mink or Martea to be taken or killed between the ISth April and 1st November ; 
no Otter between the 1st May and 1st November ; no Beaver between the 80th April and 1st Septem- 
ber ; no Muskrat between Ist June and 2lBt October. Nor Shall any person buy, sell, or have In his or 
her psssBssion any unseasonable skin of any of the said animals. 

Fines vary flrom |l to |50, and in default of imnudiaU payment the penalty Is Imprisonment in 
the conunon Jail tor a term not exceeding three months. No proceeding under thli Act can be set 
aside by esrtforori, an appeal only lying to the Circuit Court of the chief place of the district wherein 
the oflbnce was committed. The Jurisdiction is very summary and the general provisions very 
stringent. No kind of Trout (or lunge) can be taken between the Ist October and 1st January ; Whlte- 
flsh and Salmon Trout are not to be taken In any way between the I9th November and 1st December, 
vw by means of any kind of seine between the 3Ist July and Ist December ; between 31st October and 
Sist December It Is unlawAil to kill Shad or Whitefish In Missisrquol Bay, Lake Channplain ; Salmon 
oannot be flShed for in Ontario and Quebec, or the river Bestigouche, (H. B.,) between the 31st July' 
•nd 1st May, except by fly-snrftce-fishlng, which extends In Ontario and Quebec from aoth April to 
41st August. 

It is believed that much good has atanady been accomplished by the recent Act fnr the protection 
of Insectivorous birds. By its provisions it is made unlawftil to kill or snare between the 1st March 
and Ist August, any kind of bird whatsoever except Xagles, Falcons, Hawks, Wild Pigeons, Klng- 
flshers. Crews and Bavens. This Act applies to both Ontario and Quebec. 

Niw BnuNtwiox. 
The law In this Provtnee is very strict as regards Moose, the only game laws of the Province 
being those relating to the protection of Moose and Partridge. The close season only extends from 



Insurance. 



153 



ko..*o.) 

made In the Otme 
lion have alto been 
1 proTliloni of the 
eof, game and flib 

re not proTtded the 
came.and herein It 
>roTlnceitntteadof 
egttlatlDg npon (he 
been ma>!e efficient 
bee and Montreal 
lat indlvldnal effort 
shed If the mnntcl- 

dt flrom Itt Deo. to 
Partridge, or Hare, 1 
for Woodcock flrom j 
allowed to be killed 
>e trapped or taken 
looting. It It alto 
tve ennmerated are 
OtterorTlther.lato 
laote protecting any 
the tame. The fine 
yment oftenden are 

only by angUng by 

meant between the 

le 30th May and lit 

to be fixed by the 

It flrom the lit 
I, between the let of 
|ck la allowed to bA 
in that part of the 
|Iy, to kill the taae 
•▼e between lonaet 
and Patrldgei, are 
Ilea of wUd fowl 

land lit Noyember; 
Iril and lit Septdm' 
111, or have In hia or 

ki imprlionment In 
Ithla Act can be aet 
he dUtrlct wherein 
|al prOTiilona yery 

t January :Whlte- 
I and lit December, 
|m Slat October and 

a;-nplaln; Salmon 
Iween the Slat Jnly' 
1 from 80th AprU to 

tAnr the protection 
leen the lit March 
lild Pigeent, Klnf- 



of the Provinee 
lonly eztenda flrom [ 



lat rebruary to lit May; fine §40, and any one la empowered to kill any dog found hunting witbin 
the prohibited time. Mo one It allowed to kill more than two Mooao within a period of 13 montbt ; 
111 for each oflbnce. The killing, except ft>r (bod, It prohibited; and leaving the carcati In the woodi 
anblectt the oflbnder to a fine oflMO. Partrtdgea are notto be killed between the lit March and lit ' 
September. There waa an Act making it unlawflil to kill Deer en the Itland of Grand Manan for a 
period of three yean, but it expired June 8, 18U. The Plthery legulatlona are the tame at thete of 
of Quebec and Ontario, except ttiat the dote leaion for Salman la, for net flthlng from the 1Mb 
Augntt to lit March, and fly-rarfhoe-flthlng Uth September and lit March. 

MoTA Scotia. 

Chap, n of the Bevlied Statntea of Moya Scotia hat alto been amended, and now reada that no 
Mooae ihall be killed between the lit January and lit September; no Cariboo between lit March 
and lit September. The dote time A>r Partridge ia fh>m lit January to lit September; and (br 
Woodcock and Snipe ttwa. lit March to lit September. The prohlbltiona reapecting the killing of 
Cow Mooae, and the limitation of the number allowed to be killed haye been removed. Pheaianti 
are not allowed to be killed. The export of Mooie and Cariboo hldu ia prohibited ; line fh>m fao to 
|M, and fbrfiiture of the game or hidea. Otten. MInka, and Muikrata are not allowed to be killed 
between the lit May and lat November, under a penalty of |8. It ia abaelutely fi>rbldden to kill 
Bobini, Swallowi, Sparrowa, Ao., and blrdi of tong. Penalty |l Ibr each bird ao killed. 

fhe anomaly of the Oame Lawi being dealt with by the varioua Provtneea In detail It itriklngly 
apparent when the dote leMoni are conaldered, e. g. : In Ontario the legal time for killing Deer endt 
on the lit Dec. ; but in Quebec it ia lawftil to kill until the lit Feb; The tame with regard to Ducn ; 
In Ontario the aportaman it debarred flrom knocking thrm over after the lit March ; but hit Quebec 
brother can pop away at them until the aoth May ; and to in other Inatanoea. Thit caniei, and will 
continue to cauae, a great deal of uouble to tecure convictioDt againat parMea far illegally killing 
game. Thete Provincee 1>elng only aeparated by the Blver Ottawa, makea it difficult to establlah the 
Act of the illegal killing. Would it not be well to have • convention of iportamen, agree on dote 
aeaaona that would anawer fbr all the Provlncea, and preaa the adoption of them In their rcapectlve 
LegUlatoreeT Of couiae. there are difficultlet In the way; but theao could eaaily be got over If 
aportimen would only approach them in a candid and conciliatory tplitt. 

Thb OTHiB PaoviKOia. 

The Oame Lawt of Prince Edward Iiland, Newfoundland and Britlih Columbia are lUlI u given 
in the 7ear Booh tat 1868, page 91. 



INSURANCE. 



To place the buiineii of Iniurance in Canada on a tounder batit than It haa heretofore occupied, 
and to obtain ttatlitlct reipectlng the nature and extent thereof. Parliament haa patted an Act 
relating to the tubject (31 Tie. cap. 48*), wbich came into operation on the Itt of Auguit laat, under 
which all Iniurance Companiea muit obtain a Ucenie befbre doing bnaineaa. 

To obtain a llcenie, Tire, Lift, Acddent, Guarantee, or Inland Marine Iniurance Companiea mutt 
drpoait at leaat 990,000 with the M. F., but Canadian companiea may make the depoalt in three Inatal* 
menta. They mutt make it fi>r each branch of buainen, except when accident ia combined with life. 
vuX inland marine with fire bualneat. The depotlt it to bear Interett at 6 per cent, being placed in 
the Government hooka aa "Dominion Stock." In catea where a company'a depotlt ia leia than 
tlO(M>^( It mutt depotlt yearly the amount of Ita premiuma, leti 85 per cent fbr office expenaea, 
and leat the loiaea paid, (excepting thoie which ^confine their builneia to the Province In which they 
were or are Incorporated,) and alao add the interett ou the amount depoaited until it reachea that ram. 
Tbia rule ^^pliea to Canadian companiea only after the three yean allowed for pajrment by Inatal- 
menta. The depotita of Canadian teonritiea already made by fire companiea ahall count aa part of 
thia depotlt, and other aeouritiea depoaited by them under previoui Acta may be held fvr two year* aa 
part of it, the Oovemment leoeiving the interett ai Inereaae of depoalt. She depealt fbr other kinda 
of iniurance butineia may be pretcribed by the M. of T. Brltiih or Ibreign companiea whoae eharttra 
do not allow them to inveit in Canadian aecuritlea. may make the depoalt in rach aecnrltiea aa Qiay be 
a legal Inveatment, at the current market rate, and making good any ftatur* depreciation, which may 
bo held fl)r three yean, thla time being allowed them to get diaabllng ^'^ or by-lawa repealed ; but 
at the expiration of theae three yean rach aecuritlea mut be replaced by calb, or the lieenao returned. 
The Intereit on the depoalt, when complete, la paid over to the companiea, nnleaa notice of a 
Jndgmeat or order of a court to the contrary be made known to the Beoetver General. Every com- 
pany iMiAne doing bualneM mutt alto depoalt with the clerk or prothonotary of either of the raperlor 
oonrta a the other piovlnoea ; and In Quebec, In the office of the prothonotary of the raperlor court In 



^Bvthk Aakileek taMmaae ntiwiriMin. itr matotl An tatanaM eompealM whUh takeaOTMh j/mtimta, 
^ tSke eat eUMOM fien the Xinlttar o< HaMiM beCara thty am do esy new bwluiw aM^eoMa buiIm 

- 'bythelateorpnMotfnviiiaialLaffUax 



l,«alMittagr 



TlMAat,how«T«,da«e«ol4ply to eomp 

tafM,MlotisMth«|r«iaa]Mth«br boriawa to the r- 
«mIn to tdn adTMnga of lit SMvlileBa. 









154 



Insurance. 



>%i 



'fk- 






fllrv 



Nfr* 















?|'^^ 



•I A 



I 



th« district wbenin the chltf ■lency Is, « copy of the charter eikl power of Attorney to the M*nii 
making lerrlc* of prooeas on him legal m agBlnit the Co. Kotice of llcenM mutt be publlihed by the 
Oompftny. Krery foreign company mait have at least llOU.MO unimpaired capital, of which the 
tfepocit may form part. The penalty for doing bnainess without a license Is ll.OOO for each act. Full 
annual statements of business are to be made, and published In the CbiMMia QtuutU. Certain Kngllsh 
eompanies, with a deposit of ilM.OOO, are dispensed from making a part of tho statement. If a 
company fltll to pay an undisputed claim witbin 80 days after loss, or one disputed within 30 days 
after Judgment and olhr of discbarge, It Is to be reckoned insolvent ; and tho M. F., on notice thereof, 
may apply deposits to payment of risks under order of the courts. Licenses are forflelted by negleet to 
mAke the required deposits or by InsoWency. Mutual Insurance companies mnst register themselTes 
with the M. of F., and If they receive cash or part cash premiums In place of premium notes, they 
must deposit one-third of such premiums until they reach a sum equal to the average for three yean 
either ef their annual cash premiums or of their losses, the deposit Is U>r the boneflt of Canadian 
policy holJers, except In the case of mutual companies, which must state 'be fhct of Its being A>r the 
general benefit of all policy holders In all their returns. 

The names ofthe companies which have obtained llceniei, and of their general agents are given In an 
advertisement at the end of this volume. Also the amount of their business, and the description of 
Insurance they are licensed to carry on. a 

We have, as yet, no official statistics as to the financial position of the Insurance coittpanles doing 
bnslness In the Dominion ; but the following statements as to assets and liabilities have been flimished , 
OS by several of the leading Institutions :— 



TBI OOIiaraOIAI. VMION INSUBANCl COMPANT. 



Dr. 


£ *.d. 


To Share rapitsl paid up • > - 


3M,0m 


" Investment Beeerve Fund 


1,101 1 4 


" Lift Fund 


109,823 8 7 


" Fire Duty due to Government • 


2,7ft3 3 ft 


" Bills Payable 


1,000 


" Balance of General Account • 


174,078 13 8 



The year 18A7 closed the period for 
ascertaining the position of the Llfb 
Brancii. The result it as highly satisfac- 
tory, and, after providing a large resoive 
for future liabilities, the Directors allotted 
a Bonus averaging £3 2s. Od. per cent, to 
participating policy-holders. 



Or. £ f. d. 

By Gov't Securities • -111,478 13 3 

" Debon. * Guar. Stock 4t4,<i0l 16 
" Deben. vested In LIfd 

Trustees - - • - io,l60 lo 7 



Adv. on Mortgage, Ac. 70,283 V 
Adv. vested lu Life 
Trustees - - - - 121 788 3 ft 



" Freehold Offices, Fit- 
tings k Furniture- 
London A Branches 

" Deposl;s at Interest, 

Genaral Account - 19,0CO 

" Do. Life Account. 30.000 



In Bank and In hand (3 

branches) 

By Bankers' and other 

drafts not matured. • • - - 
" Stamps on band - - .... 
" AgenU* Balanees • 35,139 9 9 
" Marine Premiums 

due 8th Jan.. 1866. a^<09 13 8 



3l8t December, 1867. 



£909 216 7 



£ :*• 

20>,700 17 10 

mjM 3 ft 

07,898 3 3 

40000 

81,637 10 6, 

10.96] 7 8 
614 3 6 

91,740 f II 



£ft99.31« 7 



TBI ITAXSASD LIII AiaUBANCB COMPABT. 

The (bllowing statement was communicated lu the Beport submitted at the annual meeting of 
the Company, held 30th April. 1868 :— 

ItnettTMiU of tht ftrnd* at HOi SowtnlUr, 1867. 

Mortgages and other Landed l^curltlns 

Government Securities 

Loans on the Company's Policies within their Burrjnder Value 

Various Investments -- 

Stocks and Debentures 

Bank Balances. Agents' Balances, and Premiums upon wlilch Days of 

Grace are current .-.--•-... 
Invested abroad In connection with Colonial business .... 

Life Annuities and Beverslons purchased 

Mlsoellaneou Property 

£3.888.483 1 3 



£3,OD2,0A 13 

80.843 18 

210,699 a 

379.714 16 

316.073 9 




319.109 18 1 
S1.628 10 ft 
34.784 18 
90.603 U 1 1 



Insurance. 



156 



r to tb« M*bU 
blUbad hi th« 
of which th« 
lacbMt. ruU 
ertain XngtUh 
ttemcnt. If • 
within SO dsjri 
notloa thereof, 
d by neglMt to 
ter themMlves 
am notei, they 
for three yetrt 
flt of OanadUn 
U being for tha^ 

ikregWenlntn 
t dcscrlpUon of 

t 
impanlei doing 
i been (\imUhad 



, d. t •■*• 
I 3 
) 

n 7 

20J.700 17 10 

U 

8 S 

198,0rt S 8 



C7,8I» S 3 




- 49000 

- 3i,e3r 10 0, 

■ 10,801 7 8 

614 3 6 

91,749 I 11 



«M9,31« 7 


inual meeting of 


.0»13 * 
,843 18 5 
,639 8 
.714 16 7 
,073 9 6 


,109 18 1 
,638 10 6 
,784 18 
,603 14 1 1 


,483 1 3 



TBI ■OOTTUM raOTINaAL AMUBiMOl COMPAinr. 

Capital <1,000,COO OStg. 

▲mount propoaed for Life Aianranoa during the rear contained In 

1,003 PropoiaU 4IH,880 0" 

Amount of PropoiaU accepted, and fbr which 8M Pollclea were lamed 327,488 0" 

New Annual Premium! thereon 10,077 10 8 " 

Olalma by Death, Including Uonuiea on Participation Pollclea • 43,3)7 18 4 " 

Sum Aarared under Current Life Pollclea - S,4SO,ooo 0" 

Ti«. «.>..!•. fPromluma .... £ioa,340 7 

Lift Bovenue - • lintoreatonLlftFunda - 17,214 14 » 

■ 120,OM 15 " 

Accumulated Fund ■* 603,584 19 4 " 

THl UTUPOOL AND MNDOK AND OlOBI IM8VBAMCI OOMPAMT. 

The Vundi of thii Company on 31st December, 1M7, ooniUted of :— 

Paid up Capital £891,753 

Lite Keaerve 1,973,020 13 8 

Ueterve Fund 971,409 13 10 

Undivided ProHt 64,833 1 9 

£31401,008 6 10 Stg. 

Fire Premluma received, 1867 £836,816 

Life do. do. 359,039 

Premium Bevenue, 1867 £1,099,855 

Amount Inveated In Canada under the Act Silt Vic, cap, 48, $150,000. 

Lin AI80CIATI0N OF lOOTLAMO. 

Besulti at the close of the year 1867 :— 

Total Life Assurancea In force ....... £6363,568 19 4 Stg. 

Total sums assured pali or payable under Policies on 1,881 
Deceeased Lives to the amount of nearl" One MlUloa 
Pounds Sterling - - 971,960 9 4" 

Total Cash Paymente iVom the Profits to the A Pollcy-hol ers 

to the amount of 371,070 16 10 " 

Xqulvsleut to the Beverslonary Bonus Additions (o the Sums 

Assured of upwards of --- 743,000 0" 

LUb Annuities payable .... 381 for per aNMnm. 12,00813 9 " 

Accumulated Fund remaining In hand ..... 1491,082 4 10 " 

.^..jiual Premiums on Policies In force and Interest on Invest- 
ments 273,043 Oil " 

Annual Bevenue from these deducting the Abatements of 

Premiums now allocated In Clasd A 33995936" 

The Accumulated Funds la hand consist of :— 

Beal Securities and Estate £593,395 17 8 Stg. 

Ballway Debentures, Loans on Ballway StocM, Ab. • - • 191,291 18 11 " 

British Colonial Government Bonds, Preference Stocks, Ac. * 94382 18 " 
Loans on the Association's Policies, being under their Surrender 

Talue, and Policies with other Offices 236,592 18 4 '• 

MlsceUaneous Securities 2,388 1 •' 

Stemps and Office Furniture - 1,239 il 5 " 

InBanks 26,872 110 " 

In hands of Agents, being pr)ncii>ally Premium Receipts due, the 

days of grace being current • 48,535 3 1" 

Premium Becelpte due at Head Office, the days of grace being 

current - . . .* 24.030 6 2 " 

Onrrent Interest, Ac, up to the date of Balance .... 12.753 34" 

£1,191,582 4 10 Stg. 

The Invested Funds yield at present on the average. Interest at the rate of £4 128. percent 
perannvjn. 



ir« 



If IN 



J. 



!)> * 




Newfoundland. 



NEWFOUNDLAND. 



In addKlon to the facta mpcottnc Newfoaodluid, gtvan In other pMta of thU Ytm Bfi, wo hora 
proMnt the fallowing ■tatemente:— 

POPVLATIOR, 

Although the first citabUahed of the colonlee renwlnlng to Orcat Britain, and containing 4S/M 
■qnare mllee of land, much of which U well ad«i«tod fDr eettlement, the population of Newfoundland 
la now eetlmated at only 130,000 aoula. 

PUBUO SHT. 

The debt of Newfinndland on the 31it Decembor, MOT, wu:— 
Vunded Debt- 
Permanent laoo,oi9.a 

Terminable 073.710.00 

• 90S3M.» 

noatlngDebt , 300,304.03 



0ijsi,oao.ao 
The Terminable Debt la prlnclpallj repayable in 1073 and 1070. The Floating Debt la chiefly due 
to the Union Bank. 

UmiUX AND ixMnditvm. 
The fallowing la the ofllclal atatement of Bevenuo and Sxpendltnre for 1007. It Includea some 
rtvenne from loana, and aome money expended In paying off the Public Debt. It will be aeen 
that on the expenditure aide, the principal Item la glTon without detalla, which we cannot yet obtain. 



BM*ipti. 
Customs BeTonue (ded'ting drawbacks). J»4Q,341.3a 

Xxoiae BeTonne (no leceipta in 1807) - 

Grown Benta. 3,473.00 

Poatal BoTenue 0,014.77 

Veeo firom public c!2cef 3,000.83 

Light Dues 34,433.11 

Lean under Act 39 Vic, cap. 30. 3l,400.0lo 

Loan under Sewerage Art 3 430.00 

Beoelpta towarda paying Intereat on do... 8,431.70 

Boeel ved f^om Board of Trade on account 

of Oape Bace light 4.009.0s 

Beoelyed tnm General Water Company.. 10,010.10 

Savlnga Bank proflM for 1000, brought to 

aoeount In 1807......^ f ,300.00 

Mlacellaneoia 3440.90 



|039.334.1SI 



Aa per TInancial Secretary'a atatement ..tU7,n73.fl0 

Intereat on Public Debt 07,037.00 

Debentnrea paid off. 7,707.40 

Intereat on Sewerage Debeoturea 8.431.75 

jOost of Collecting Customs BeTonue.... 34,341.81 

Do. do. Kxclae ». 130.00 

Per Qeneral Water Company for water 

rate* and dutlea on OoaL lo.oio.io 



Total Bxpendlture t070,277.34 



Amount expended for Bducatien and 
Literary pnrpoeea (Included inOO&7,- 
O73.00nnder the head of expenditure. •00,143.90 

WPOBTa AXD nUOBTi. 

The fbllowlng table ahewa the amount and direction of the fbreign trade of Newfsundland. 
The articlea exported are principally the prodncta of the Cod and Seal Fiaherlea. The artiolea 
imported are ohlefly breadatuflb and animal fsod— Vlour, Pork and Butter being the chief ataples. 

Total Yalvb of Importa and Bxporta of the Colony of NewfbundhHid from and to each oountry 

in the year 1807. 



Oountrtea. 



Salted Kingdom., 
Hsey. »... 

Canada. 

Nova Sootla.......... 

New Brnnewiok... 
Prince Sdward laland 
BritUh Weat Indioa... 
MaltSM...., 

Bamburg< 
Spain 



!•■••••••••• 



••••eeeeeeo* 



i**ei****«**e»e«eee«« • 1 



Importa 


BxporU H 


therefr'm 


thereto. | 


3.048,374 
81,331 


'4}^» 


i**^ 


317,034 


714,147 


08.430 


10,093 


807 


**'fl 


0.010 


110,040 


837,040 




9,400 


801,388 


80.780 


43|38i 


090.133 



Countries. 



Importo 
therefr'm 



Portugal ^ 

ItalyTT. 

Sicily 

Greece 

United SUtea 

Voreign Weat Indiea... 

Brasir. 

St. Petera..................... 

Total 



I 



490 
8.990 
4.800 



1,014.338 
170.000 



19.139 



0.551,000 



Bxporta 
thereto. 



703,040 
03,780 



7,800 
101,844 
139,483 
088,103 

7,084 



0.008.008 



anrraia. 
On Dec Slat, 1087, thero were registered in Newfaandland 1,507 t easels of 83,(89 tona-«Tertca 04 
ton*. 

Tho Teaaols bollt far the last An yean were :— 

In 1003 ......... Vo.4> tonal344i InlflOO V0.IOT tOB8 8A84 

" " 1,805 " 1807 "111 " OS 

.„... •• 2.010 1 

ila la thereflm. oonalderably tnereailnc. 



1804 " 49 

" 1880 . " 71 

The huUding of small ▼( 



fMT Bm*. w« hare 



1 eonUtnlDg 43,000 
I of MawfoandlMid 



.00 

—I 9UMi.» 

.... S68,1M.5I 



•l,2ftl.eaB.80 
Debt U chleflf dtia 



r. It Inclndas lome 
l>t. It will b« Men 
't cannot yet obtain. 

>. 

itaUment..|SA7,O71.00 

ajai.tt 

7,707.40 

mtt 8,431.74 

lavenne.... 94,341.81 

130.00 

' for water 

10,016.10 



..1670,277.34 



ktton and 
[edin«U7,- 
cpaadlture. •60.143.t6 

lewfbundland. 
lai. Tbearttclea 
M cblef aUplea. 
Id to each oonntiy 



I Importa 
thereflr'm 



80.490 
8.096 
4.866 



1^114,333 
170.668 



19,139 
1 5,551,006 



Ixporta 
thereto. 

793,546 
63.780 



7.500 
MI,844 
190.483 
688.163 

7,084 



5,068.608 



l«S9 toi»-«Tei««« M 



tona 8.534 
" 4.468 



Niwfoundland. 



lOT 



In the iprlng of tbla^yar iteamera were employed In the Seal Flaherr, of which 5, of 1,066 tona. 
are reglitered In the Colony, and the 4 othen, though not registered, are owned by pet pie aotualiy 
engaged In trade with the Iiland. 

riTO other email a.oamera are employed In carrying malls and passengers between St. John's and 
the oatports and In tug serrlee. 

The Toanage entered and cleared at Newfoundland ports In 1866 and 1167 was as follows ;— 
iMirsd. I Cleared. 

1866 No. 1.161 tons 157,004 1866 No. 047 tons 130.3a 

1M7 '• 1,360 " 167,106 1 1867 " 1,016 " 146,173 

•AMBS. 

There are two Banks In Newfouadland— the Vnlon and the Commercial. The following are the 
flgnrea respecting them. (For the Union Bank, year ending 31st May, 1868. Tor the Commercial 
average for year ending 30th Juno. 1868.) 



I 



Union Bank 

Commercial Bank., 



Capital 
paid up. 



|aoo,(ioo* 
auo,ooo 



circulation. 



|.'U7,8(M 
1M,000 



Deposits. 



|f)14,4«> 
170,000t 



DlKounts. 



|l 295,670 
l.'W.OOO 



Specie 



tlM,936 

iM-noo 



* Bwerva Fond •100,000 bcildM. t At intmwt only. 

The dividend of the Union, last year, was 8 per cent., and 4 per cer . bonus. Its sharea standing at 
140. The dividend and bonus of the Commercial, last half-year, were 4 per cent. 

8AVIN0S BANK. 

The Newfoundland Savings Bank Is a Oovernment Institution. Interest paid 4 por .ent. ; oflBces 
at St. John and Harbor Orace. The following Is the statement of Its p' ttion, 31st T>?cember, l^fT. 
(Tor previous years, see Ytw Book* for 1867 and 1868.) 



▲mount on deposit |63l,414 67 



Deposited during 1867 195,890 01 

Withdrawn 99,013 79 



Number of depositors. 1,393 



Assets— Cash | 4?,%' «-.. 

Colonial Debentures KV.aV^ 04 

Water Co. stock 6iV,000 (0 

Mortgages go,447 03 

Notes discounted . 12,134 97 

Beal Estate ~ 3,678 93 



1645,017 70 

OBOWM LANDS AMD MIXU. 

During the year 1867 there were Issued for agricultural purposes 1,827 grants, contat.ilng SCS acres 
1 rood, and 20 perches. Besides this, 31 licenses for occupation were Issued, covering 648 acres. It 
will be seen by this that the holdlnga In Newfoundland are small In sixe— varying fl-om half an acre to, 
about 30 acres. The price paid appears to be about so cents an acre. Increased ac .vlty In selecting 
and cultivating land la this year reported, and, no doubt, with such a fine cash market at hand aa 
there Is In Newfoundland, stock and aheep farming, and the raising of coarse grains, for which the aoll 
and cUmate are suitable, would be highly profitable. 

Nino granta wore made to work copper and lead mines. 

TWelva applications for licenses to search for minerals were granted i eight others remaining 
over to await the doolslon of the Imperial Oovernment on " the Vrench shore question." 

The French possess treaty rights to fish upon the greater part of the northern and western coasta 
of Newfoundland. Upon the plea that persons residing on tb* shore would Interfore with the 
fisheries, they have claimed the right to prevent occupation, 'fit. 'ome Government, without 
admitting these claims, have forbidden the Island govemmenv u u granting land or Itcenaos to 
search for minerals. Thla part of the Island Is now believed to be rich In minerals. 

The OoTemor of Newfoundland on a recent visit to Bngland. Is supposed to have succeeded In 
getting tha restrictions removed, but the Duke of Buoklngharo (Secretary for the Colonies) wants to 
impose soma tcstrlotlona which Mr. Carter, the Premier of Kc wfonndland, is not disposed to assent 
to. The matter may have to await for an lasna ftkvonral'le to the natural righta of the aettlera— 
the union af tha Island with Canada. 

For detailed Information respecting the mining actually done, see the article on that snhleot. 

BAILWAn AHD TELXOBAPai. 

The KewTork, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Company— the only company having land 
lines In NewfoundUuid, over 649 miles of posts and 1.216 miles of wire. They have 84 miles of sub- 
marine cable between Port an Basque (Nfld.) and Aspy Bay. (C. B.) ; also 10 miles between Cape 
Tormentlae (N. B.) and Cape Traverse (P. B. I.) They submerged also, In the (Ul of 1867. a cable 
between Placentto (Nfid.) and Sydney. (0. B.) 

Sn-Teyon are at present engaged In laying cat a Una ftor a proposed railway between 8t John'a 
and St. George's Bay. It Is thonght tfiat this will be an Important link In the " short ocean rente** 
between Xnrope and America, via Holyhead, (Xngland.) Dublin and Yalentta, (Ireland,) St. John's, 
(Newfoundland,) SUppecan, QiTew Brunswick.) and the Intercolonial and connecting railways. 

■URIA. 

The anntial vota In Newtonndlaad for tba malntenano* of a MlUtIa Force la $1,300. Untforma 
are provided at tha ezpenae of the fovemment. 



^' »■ i ii > jum 



.'.> 



<\| " 



if I^J 



fW 

':|.,. 



4^1 ■ 
1^"' ■ 



Kf 



.1 



■ ^i: 









158 



/Vr>wf Edward Island. 



PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. 



Prince Edward Islani 1b about MOmtles In length, and 34 In greatest breadth. lU coaata ara bo 
imieh Indented by bays that no part of the Island Is more than 10 mites from salt water. Its area is 
^Liao square miles. It has a greatly undulating surAce, n > part being In any way mountainous : and 
lis soil Is all arable, no part being rocky. Its climate Is not quite so cold In winter or warm In snmme 
as that of the Province of Quebec. All the coarse grains grow well ; wheat with difficulty : com does 
not ripen. 

The population of the Island was, in 1861, 40,880 males, and 39,977 females ; total, 80,867. There an 
now. probably, about 93 OOD people residing there. 

For details of the expenditure and revenue, trade and debt of the Island for a series of years past, 
the Fsor Booh of 1867 anJ 1863 may be consulted. 

T e " Bitiance avainst tbe Colony " (Debt), 3l8t January, 1868, was £129,169 I4s. 9d., Island currency 
which, as £3 make $10, is about t43l,980. 

The revenue for the year ending at that date was £78,025 ISs. 9d. (#260,060), and the ezpendltnre 
£73,962194. 101., (|246,M0.) Ofthe revenue, £51,390 19a. Od. ($171,300), was IVom Customs. * 

Tbe following statement of the trade of 1867 shews the quantity of the leading articles imported 
We are not In possession of the exnorts, which are chiefly ships, oats, flsh, eggs, Ac, Ac. 

Amouni of duty paid on each description of goods :— 

BPKCU'IC DCIIKS. 



Articles. 



Tea- -.-.-■- 
Sugar .---•-. 

" Bpflned - - - . 
Coffee, Green - - - - 

" Boasted - - - 

Tobacco, manufactured 

Leaf - - 

Dried Fruit 

Sole Leather - - - - 

Oonfoctlonery - - - - 

Chocolate and Cocoa - 
Almonds - - - - - 

Onions ------ 

Cheese .---.-. 

Bread 

Molasses - 

Spirits 

Brandy;- ------ 

G'n 

Whiskey 

Wines 

" Light 

Ale and Porter - • - 

Cider 

Syrups and Cordials - 
Spirits flrom Ora'n - - 
" " Molases 

Keroslne - 

Flour and Meat - - - 



Quantity. 



Duty. 



338,447 lbs. 
4.629 cwt. 
31,a4J> lbs. 
6,S97 •' 
1,766 " 
7J,897 " 
110.203 " 
98,385 ** 
82,960 " 
23,336 " 
479 " 
263 " 
21,490 " 

50 cwt. 

76,433 lbs. 

152,721 galls 

45,818 " 

6,864)^ " 

25,650 ," 

4,S88 " 

Value. 
23,779 £1,288 6 10 

240 13 9 

tsm-a galls. 
128 " 
637« •' 
3,268 " 
4,086 
29,458 
18,811 



Total 



£ 

5,640 

1,620 

394 

54 

22 

1,847 

1,377 

409 

345 

373 

9 

3 

32 

12 

38 

2,945 

6JU3 

1,948 

4,963 

,.964 



s. d. 
15 8 



10 9 



19 9 
9 « 
4 9 

12 

4 

7 
11 

1 
19 




9 
7 
1 
19 10 



B39 17 
60 3 
198 13 



6 

6 

7 

13 4 

26 17 6 

81 14 

103 8 

920 10 4 

1,410 16 4 



£31,696 19 7 



AD VALOKKif DUTIM. 



Articles. 



Merchandise - - 

Do. . - • 

Do. - - 

Do. . . - 

Do. - • 

Do. . . » 

Do. - - 

Do. - - - 



/ 



Value. 



£ s. 

353 11 

177 12 

187 13 

11,817 13 

168,414 2 

11,371 19 

34,644 11 

9,941 U 



30 per cent. 
38 •• 
20 •• 

i2« ;; 

10 " 

9 " 

3 •• 

1 " 

Total - - 



Duty. 



£ B. 

109 19 

44 8 

37 10 

1,477 4 

16,841 7 

968 11 

493 17 

69 8 



d. 

I 
T 
« 

6 




£19,623 2 \\\i 
31,096 19 7 



£90,719 18 f>M 



The tariff of Prince fidward Island Is given in another part of this work. It Is moderate, for the 
Colony has built no ral ways, and no public works of any kind except lighthouses. It Is Indeed 
difficult to see what necunlary advantages the Colony conid reap from enterinc the Canadian Union, 
unless, indeed, the DomU ion were to undertake the settlement ot its land tenure question, which 
appears to be b;yond Its own resources. The lands are chiefly owned by absentee proprietors, and the 
rents they exact are paidgrudgtngly.lfat all, oftenglv'ngrlse top pniartumult. Aleadlng Industryof 
Prince E I ward Island Is ship building, for details of which see our last F«ar Booh, page 66. About 
100 vessels, averaging 25U tons each, are annually built. The timber iB chiefly porobaBed in New 
Brunswick. 

The Colony is governed by a Ooveraor and two Hooiea. 



ta comU an so 
ter. Its «re» i; 
>nntatnonB;ana 
varm In aumme 
iolty ; com does 

>^7. There «• 

lea of yean put. 

, bland currency 

the expenditure 

us. 

rtlcles Imported 

!C. 



Duty. 



£ B. d, 
6,640 13 8 



1,620 
394 



M 19 6 



22 
1,847 8 
1,377 10 
409 18 
343 13 
372 
S 
3 
32 



a 

7 
9 
9 
4 
6 1 
19 9 



12 12 



38 

2,64ft 7 

5.633 11 6 

1,648 1 7 

4,963 IS 1 

,.964 19 10 



639 17 

60 3 

198 13 

2 13 



26 


17 


6 


81 


14 





102 


3 





920 


10 


4 


1.410 


16 


4 


£31.C96 


16 


7 


Duty. 





£ B. 

VA 13 

44 8 

37 10 

1,477 4 

1 16.841 7 

' 668 11 

492 17 

63 8 



d. 

1 
7 
« 

B 




E19,623 2 UX 
f3 i;09g 13 T 

0,719 18 0>f 

Imoderate. for the 

Ises. It 18 indeed 

1 Canadian Union, 

B question, which 

rcprtetor9.andthe 

badluE Industry of 



British Columbia — Montreal Ocean Steamship Company. 169 



There are no railways in Prince Edward Island. The New York, Newfoundland atid London 
Telegraph Company laid a cable from New Brunswick to the Island, but it is now damaged. On the 
land there are 30 miles of wire and posts owned by the above Company, and 30 miles by private partiea. 

The following tables shew the nature and extent of the Banking business of the Island : — 



Bank of Prince Edwar<l Island 

Union Bank of Prince Edward Island 

SUmmerside Bank 

Farmer*' Bank of Rustico 



Capital 
paid up. 



• 

100,000 

100,000 

34i98o 

8,416 



Circulation. 



106,263 

93i«70 

o,»so 

I. •.,»30 



Deposits 

bearing 

Interest. 



% 

«3.a36 

28,690 

1,760 

833 



Deposits 

not bearing 

Interest. 



$ 

S7.966 

61,033 

1,0*6 

nil. 



Bank of P. E. Island 

Union Bank of P. E. Island. 

Summerside Bank 

Farmers' Bank of Rustico. 



Amount 
of each 
Share. 



% 

33-33 
33-33 
X6.66 

3-33 



Amount 
called up. 



The whole. 
The whole. 
70 per cent. 
The whole. 



Dividend 

last 
six months. 



5 per cent. 
S-per cent. 

nil. 
5 per cent. 



Value 
of Stock. 



43 p. c. prem, 
3op.e. prem, 

par. 

par. 



Cashier. 



William Cundall. 
James Anderson. 
Edward L. Lydiard. 
Marin Blanchard. 



The Government circulation remains at 138,666. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 



British Columbia consists of two parts— Vancouver's Island, 11,872 square miles, and the mainland 
290,000 square miles. 

No censnc has been taken, but the population of the two parts together Is about 29,000 whites and 
Chinese, and 33,000 Indians. 

The revenue Is about $300,000, and the expenditure somewhat more, rtr annum. 

The debt Is something under f IiSOOiOOO, principally Incurred in making roads, which are owned by 
Qovemment, which collects the tolls. 

The Oover ment consists of tho Governor and a nominate Executive and Legislative Oonncll. 

The Imports are about $5,310,000, and the exports. Including t3,000,000 to $4,000,000 of gold, about 
the same. 

The distance fh>m Halifax, Nova Scot'a, to Victoria. Vancouver's Island, the capital of Brltiah 
Colnnibia, Is about 4,300 miles by the vaM->ys and mountain passes. 

The climate of Vancouver's Island Is milder than that of Canada— that of the mainland not vciy 
dlflkrent. 

For detailed statements on these and other subjects see "A Statistical Account of British 
Columbia," by the editor— a work of 41 pages, uniform In slse and type with the Ytwr Book, and 
published by 0. B. Desbarats, Ottawa. Price 60 cents. 



MONTREAL OCEAN STEAMSHIP COMPANY. 



The Montreal Ocean Steamship Company is now one of the largest steamship companies in tht 
world— the Cunard and perhaps the West India Royal Mail and the Peninsular and Oriental being, 
we believe, the only ones equal to it. The Inman Company, we think, comes next. 

The Montreal Ocean Stea.nship Company was formed in 1853 ; the first trip to Canada was 
made in 1854, but the regular mail service only commenced in 1856. It was then fortnightly, but in 
1859 it was made weekly, and so continues. _ Each year, especially of late, has seen a considerable 
addition to its fleet ; each year a dimunution in the average length of the ocean passasjes of its magni- 
ficent vessels. Its magnitude aed success should be a source of pride to every Canadian. 

The individuals forming the Company are now the owners of thirty sailing ships of an aggregate 
of a6,ooo tons. Of these, nine are built of iron, the remainder of wood, and they trade to all parts of 
the world. They keep constantly in their employ about 4,500 men, thus being the means of support 
for about 33,000 people, besides the large number of persons constantly engaged in building new 
vessels and repainng others. The capital of the Company in steamships, tenders, lighters, work- 
ahops and plant, may be estimated at #9,000,000. 

The Compuy's vessels now compnse the following :— 

Mail Line. 



Scandanavian. . . .Building 3,500 Tons. 

European do. 3,500 " 

Prussian do. 3,350 " 

German Capt. Graham 3>'>5o " 

Austrian " Wylie 3,700 

Nestorian Lt. Dutton, R.N.R. 3,700 

Peruvian Capt. Ballantine. . . 3,600 



11 



Moravian Capt. Browne... . . . 3,650 Tons* 

Hibernian Lt. Smith, R.N.R. 3,434 " 

Nova Scotian . . . Capt. Aird 3,300 " 

North American. '* Barclay 1*784 " 



Belgian ■ 



Ridiardson.. 



a<434 
33>xoa 



Glasgow Link. 



Ottawa Capt. Archer 1,831 Tons. 

St. David •' Watt 1,650 " 

SuGeorge.... " Jones 1,468 " 

St. Andrew.... " Scott 1,433 " 

Aggregate Tonnage, 43,390. 



St. Patrick . . . .Capt. Ritchie 1,309 Tons. 

Damascus *' Trocks 1,600 " 



9,188 



ito 



Montreal Ocean Steamship Company. 



r.i 






'fi 



v», 



F -, 






',,._;.,'t>s;,i 



f'h. 



The following statement shews the average length of the Pa«sage» of the Mail Line ;— 



Liverpool and Quebec 



1856. 
1857. 
1858. 
i8s9- 
i860. 
1861. 
i86a. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 



Westward 



days 

13 
II 

la 
ti 
II 

13 

«3 

13 

II 
10 
10 
10 



h'rs 

3 
I 

I 

5 

»9 
«4 
«4 
»9 



Eastward 



days 
II 
10 

TI 

10 
II 
II 
It 
It 
10 

lO 

9 
9 



h'rs 
6 

13 

a 
10 

I 

6 

8 
II 

4 
II 



Liverpool and Portland. 



i8s6-s7 . . 
1857-S8.. 
i8s8-S9.. 
1859-60 . 
1860-61 . . 
i86i-6a.. 
1863-63 . • 
1863-64.. 
1864-65 . . 
1865-66.. 
1866-6 
1867-61 



Westward 



I: 



« 



days 
13 
13 
«4 

13 
13 

13 

14 

«4 
II 

«3 

13 
13 



h'rs 

30 

5 

31 

9 
I 

«7 
10 

«4 
I 

9 
33 

a3 



Eastward 



days 


h'rs 




I 




a3 




13 




6 




6 









13 




I 




»3 




«9 




00 


10 


13 



Abstract from Stwamship Rbcistbr— Summer Service, 1867. 



Steamship. 



Moravian 

Nestorian 

Hibernian 

Peruvian 

Nova Scotian... 
N. American... 

Moravian 

Austrian 

Nestorian 

Peruvian 

Hibernian 

Nova Scotian... 

Moravian 

Austrian 

Nestorian. 

PeruTian 

Hibernian 

Nova Soatian... 

Moravian. 

Austrian.. 

Nestorian. 

Peruvian 

Hibernian 

Nova Scokian... 

Moravian 

Austrian 

Belgian 

Peruvian 

Hibernian 

Nova ScQiian... 



Left 
Liveiixwl. 



April 
« 

May 



June 
it 



Jul^ 



Aug. 



Sejft. 

4< 



Oct. 

« 



Nov. 



18. 

as. 

a.. 

9. 
16. 
23. 
30. 

6. 

«3- 

30. 

37. 

4- 

IX. 

18. 

as- 

t* 

8- 

«S 

33. 
39. 

5- 

13. 
19. 
36 

3- 
10. 

«7- 

a4- 

3«> 

7- 



Arrived 
at Quebec. 



Au,5. 



Sejjt. 
II 



Oct. 



•I 



May a... 

7... 

16... 

19... 

38... 
June 3... 

10... 

18... 

35... 
July I... 
9... 

IS-- 
21. .. 
30... 
4... 
14... 
30 .. 
37... 
3... 
9... 
15... 
33... 
t... 
•• 9- 
" 14... 

" 31... 
" 31... 

Nov. s... 
It... 
18... 

Average. 



Net 
Passage. 



days 

13 
II 
10 

9 
II 

9 
10 
II 
to 
10 
to 
10 

9 
8 

9 
10 

9 
10 
to 
9 
9 
to 
It 

13 

10 

to 

13 
It 

to 

10 



10 



hours. 
8.4s 
8- 45 

30.30 
3.10 

««S 
31. CO 
13.00 

4-4S 
16.00 
7.00 
4.00 
8.00 
4-4S 
1715 
5-00 

31. 00 
13.30 
31.15 

5-45 

33.00 
13.00 

8.30 
«3-30 
11.35 
13.30 

3.00 

7.30 
1.30 
9.00 
7.40 



Left 
Quebec. 



Arrived 
at Liverpool. 



May II.. 
" 18., 
35.. 
June I . ■ 
8.. 
15. 
33. 
39. 
6. 
13- 

30. 
37. 

3- 
10. 
17. 
a4- 

Sept 7- 
^ 14- 

31. 
38. 

5. 
" 13. 

" «9. 

" 36. 

Nov. 3. 

•• 9. 
" 16. 

" a3. 
•• 30. 



May 33. 

June s. 
' II. 
' «9- 



Jul^ 



It 
« 
ic 



Oct. 



Jul^ 



11.57 



days 
10 
10 
10 

9 
to 



Au|r. 



4- 

9- 

16. 

a4- 
30. 

S- 
»4- 
«9. 
36. 



i( 
11 

Sept. 3. . 
to,. 
16.. 
34.. 

3°- 
Oct. to.. 

" 16.. 

" 33.. 

" 30.- 
Nov. 5.. 

;• 13. 

" 30.. 
" 36.. 

Dec. 5. . 
." II.. 



Net 
Passage. 



hours. 
4-45 
t3-3o 

3I.0O 

8.30 
19.15 



Average. 
Abstract from Stramshif Rbgistkr— Winter Service, 1867-68. 



17.30 

10.45 

1. 00 

16.00 

17.05 

1.30 

0.40 

»»-4S 
6-00 
8.00 

30.30 

11.55 
9.35 

33.30 
7.00 

13 30 

I4»S 

18.00 

4.30 

3I.OO 

«3iS 

IS-30 

i8.oo 

SSO 



33.30 



Steamay)p. 



Moravian. .,■... 

Nestorian, 

Bdgian 

Austrian....... 

Hibemiaa 

Nova Scotian.. 
Moravian. • ^ • . • 

Nestorian, 

Belgian 

Austrian 

Hibernian..... 

Nestorian 

Peruvian 

Nestorian...... 

Belgian 

Austrian 

Hibernian 

Nova Scotian.. 

Peruvian 

Nestorian 

Belgian 

Austrian 



Left 
Liverpool. 



Nov. 
it 


14- 

31 


II 


38. 


Dec 


<. 


II 


13. 


<t 


19. 




a6 


Jany. 


a. 


II 


9 




16 


II 


as 




.10 


Feby 


6 




»3 




ao 


•1 


ar 


March s 


11 


la 


u 
II 


2- 


A^rfl 


a 
9 



Arrived 
at Portland. 



Nov. 


a4 


Dec. 


1 


i( 


II 


II 


*7 




37 


Jany. 


3 




R 


« 


X5 




34 


li 


a9 


Feby. 


6 


II 


t6 


It 


18 


It 


»7 


M'ch 


ti 


II 


XI 


It 


ao 


«» 


a6 


11 


3> 


Aijril 


8 



" aa. . . 
Average. 



Net 


Passage. 


days 


hours. 


9 


7.40 


9 


16. oo 


13 


33.10 


XI 


13.00 


13 


33.00 


«4 


1.50 


la 


6.00 


13 


8.00 


»3 


«3-3S 


II 


5.00 


13 


15.00 


16 


4.50 


It 


4«> 
16.00 


«3 


18 


11.35 


la 


S.eo 


«4 


9-30 


X3 


10.35 


II 


13.00 


xa 


5.30 


IS 


n.05 
16.00 


13 


xa 


a3-3S 



Left 
Portland. 



Dec 7 

" xs 

" a? 

" aS 

Ja«y. S 

11 

18 

35 

Feby. a 

" 9 

" 16 

" 33 

March i 

" 9 

" IS 

" 33 

" 39 

^?r^5 

" is!!!!!! 
" as 

May a 



Dec. 

II, 

J»y. 



Arrived 
at Liverpool. 



«7- 

»5- 



«S 

a4 
39 
Feby. 4. 

13 
30 
36 
March 5 

" 13 

li 



•f 



i8... 
ay... 

X... 

8... 
IS... 
ai... 
38... 

7... 

" 13... 

Average. 



A^l 

II 
li 
it 

May 



Net 
Passage. 



days 
o 
9 
13 
to 
10 
11 
to 

9 
to 
to 

10 

to 
to 

9 
II 
10 
II 

to 
9 
9 

13 

9 



10 



hours. 
14.00 
to. IS 

4-30 

4.30 

4.00 

14.40 

33.00 

to. 30 

o.oo 

3. 00 

9-30 

tSSo 

8.00 

to. 00 

33.30 
6.00 

3-30 
19.00 
14.00 
18.30 

0.3s 

IJ-OO 



it 
It 



li 



Index. 



161 



Line :— 
land. 





days! 


h'rs 


tward 




I 


4t 




83 


!• 




13 


(■ 




6 


U 




6 



la 
II 

13 



13 
I 






10 33 

11 I >9 



la 

10 



oo 
la 



>7: 

rived I „Net 
irerpool. Passage. 



9 »3-3» 



Arrived 
Uiverpool. 



Ii3*3* I 



INDEX 



Page 

Calendar a to 5 

Anniversaries 5 

Asylum* • 5* to 57 

Assemblies, Legislative 106 to 109 

Accounts of Insurance Companies iS4 

Allan Steamship Company 159 

Births and Deaths in Ontario, Quebec, New 

Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 6 

Births and Deaths— comparison with other 

countries 6 

Boundaries 9 

Banking iStoai 

Banks, Savings aato 34 

Building Societies 34 

Beauport Asylum S3 

British Columbia— Post 136 

" Area, Population, Revenue, 

Debt, Imparts and Exports, 

Climate, sc 159 

Census S 

Comparison Births and Deaths 6 

Creed, Census by 8 

Copper Mining, Quebec 33 

" " Ontario 30 

Common Gaols 51 

Councils, Legislative 106 to 109 

CustomsActs . no 

" Departmental Circulars 112 

Charters of Incorporation 151 

Defence and Militia 150 

Departmental Circulars— Customs na 

Eclipaea 5 

Expenditure for Railways 46 

Fixed and Moveable Feasts and Festivals. . . 5 

Finance and Trade 40 to 43 

Foreign Post i33 to 134 

Fishery and Game Laws 153 

Gold Mining, Nova Scotia 35 to 38 

•• " Quebec 33 

" «• Ontario., 30 

•• " New Brunswick 38 

•* '* British Columbia 38 

Game and Fishery Laws 15a 

Goals S« 

Gov'ment and Legislatures, Members of. 104 to 109 

Governor General. 104 

Houae of Commons 105 

Immigration and Settlement 35 

Intercolonial Railway— Distances 47 

Insanity in Canada 55 

Inebriate Asylums 57 

Inland Revenue 134 to 138 

•♦ " The Tariff. 135 

•* " Departmental Regulatious. . 137 

Incoipofation, Charters of. 151 

Insurance '53 to 155 

Jewish Calendar s 

Loan Fund, Municipal ti to 17 

Land to eao) inhabitant— comparison 7 

Lead Mining 3> 

Lunatic Asylums 53 

Loi^Blation of 1867-8 j8to 103 

" Dominion s8 to 77 

•• Ontario 77 to 87 

** Quebec 88t095 

" New Brunswick 95 to 100 

" NovaScotia too to 103 

Local Legislatures 106 to 109 

Legislatures, Members of. 104 to 109 

Moon's Phases a to 4 

Memorandum of Solar Phenomena 5 

_ 



Page. 

Municipal Loan Fund 11 to 17 

Municipal Census 8 

Minjng in Canada, Quebec and Ontario. . 30 to 38 

Mining Regulations 33 

" " Nova Scotia .... 37 

" " New Brunswick 38 

MaldenAsylum 53 

Members of the GovemmenU and Legisla- 
tures 104 to «oo 

Money Orders (see Post Office) 139 to 138 

Mail Service 133 

Militia and Defence 150 

Montreal Ocean Steamship Company 159 

Map of Railways 47 

New Brunswick Asylum 54 

NovaScotia Asylum 54 

Newfoundland Post 135 

" Population 156 

" Revenue and Expenditure.... 156 

" linoorts ;cnd Exports 156 

" Shipping 136 

'• Banks 157 

" Crown Lands and Mines iS7 

" Militia 157 

Ocean Steamships i59 to 160 

Orillia Asylum 53 

Penal Institutions 48 

Population in Ontario, Quebec, New Bruns- 
wick and Nova Scotia 6 

Progress of Population 6 

Peat 33 to 35 

Petroleum Mining 31 

Phosphate of Lime 33 

Pyrites , 33 

Penitentiaries 48 

Prevalence of Insanity in Canada s$ 

Private Asylums 57 

Parliament of Canada 58 to 77 

Privy Council 1O4 

Post Office 1*9 to 149 

Prince Edward Island— Post 137 

" " Tariff. 138 

" " Banks 159 

Public Accounts 41 

Revenue and Expenditure of Dominion 41 

Railways 43 to 47 

Reformatories 50 

Rockwood Criminal Lunatic Asylum 53 

Revenue, Inland 134 to 138 

Sunrise and Sunset 3 to 4 

Savings Banks aa to a4 

Silver Mining, Quebec 33 

" " Ontario 30 

Salt » 3» 

Shipping in the Dominion ^9 to 401 

St. John's Lunatic Asylum 53 

Stamp Acts 13$ 

Savings Banks Postal (see Advertisement and 

Post Office Article) tao 

Statistics of Penal Institutions 48 

Senate 104 

Trade and Finance 40 to 4a 

Traffic of Railways 44 

Telegraphs 4a 

Toronto Lunatic Asylum 53 

Tariff of Canada 116 to 1 18 

" Newfoundland 119 

" British Columbia lao 

" Cuba lai 

" West India Islands lat to 133 















m^*^; 



ffm^ 



ERRATUM. 

A misprint on page 5, in another part of the Vear B»ok, says that the total Eclipse of the Sun, 
on the 7th August, 1869, will be " iwvisible in Canada." It win be partially visible at the following 
points iT-Hamx, Fredericton, Quebec and Toronto, commencing at 5h. 50.3m. ; sh. aS.xm. ; 
5h. i6.im. ; and 4h. 44.8m., respectively. 






■3, 




''S§ 






riilvcrthemcrJs. 



Eclipse of the Sun, 

isible at the fbUowing 

3m. ; sh. 38.1111. : 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 


IRON, BtiAHS, COPPER, A^D TYPE FOUNDRIES, 


ST. LAWRENCE ENGINE 

** WORKS, Mill Street, Montreal. 

W. P. Bartlky & Co., Engineers. 

Builders of Steam Engines for Steamboats, 
Propellers, Saw and Grist Mills, Cheese Fac- 
tories, Tanneries, Distilleries, Gold and other 
mining purposes. Builders of Iron Steamers, 
Propellers and Barges. 

Builders of every description of Boilers. Boil- 
ers always on hand for heating public or private 
buildings with steam or hot water. Manufacturers 
of Patent Shingle Lath Edging Machines, and 
every description of Sawing Machinery, Steam 
Pumps, Hand Pumps, and Steam Wincnes. 

Heavy and Light Forgings : Heavy and Light 
Castings in Iron or Brass. Makers of the most 
improved Water Wheels. 


NOVELTY IRON WORKS. 

46 to 54 Nazareth Street, Montreal. 
Robert Gardner, Manufacturer of everv 
description of Machinery, Steam Engines, Mill 
Work, Forgings, Pattern Making and Railroad 
Work, Hand Cars, Turn Tables, Switches, &c. 

Bakers' and Confectioners' MacLineiy, Bark 
Mills, Tuming Lathes, Bookbinders' Presses, 
Hoop Skirt Machinery, &c. 

46 to 54 Nazareth Street. 


RAGLE FOUNDRY. Montreal, 

George Brush, Proprietor. 

Manufactures all kinds of Steam Engines, Steam 
Boilers, Steam and Hand Pumps, Hydraulic 
Presses, Hoisting Machines, Ore Crushers, Min- 
ing Machinery and Mill Gearing of most approved 
pattems. 

Castings and Forgings of all kinds. 

Founders' Materials, Engine and Boiler Fittings 
and supplies en sale. 


QHABLES GARTH & CO., 

Montreal Lead, Copper, and Brass Works, 
and Warming and Ventilating Establish- 
ment. Public and Private Buildings, Conserva- 
tories. Vineries, Manufactories, &c., Warmed and 
Ventilated on the most approved principles. 

Plumbers', Gasfittors' and Engineers' Brasswotk 
on hand, and made at the shortest notice, as well 
as all kinds of Iron, Steam and Gasfittint^^. 

Office and Manufactory— 536 to 543 Craig Street, 

Montreal. 


MONTREAL T S FE FOUNDRY 

C. T. Palsgrave, No. 1 St. Helen Street, 
Montreal. Offers for sale Book and News Letter 
of the hi^h standard of quality for which his Foun- 
dry is reputed ; Fancy Letter, Wood Type, Hand 
Presses, Cylinder Presses, Job Presses and all 
kinds of Printers' material. 

^7" Specimen Books sent on receipt of one 
dollar for postage. 


BOOTS AND SHOES. 


DRUGS AND PEhi'UMERT. 


BROWN & CHIIiDS, 

M a nu(acturers of Boots, Shoes and Leather, 
Montie-^. Office and Warehouse— Comer St. 
Peter and Lemoine Stiftots. Tanner'— Comer 
St. Bonaventure and Canning Street!. Orders 
received by post promptly executed ; and should 
the Goods *cnt not be as ordered, they may be 
returned at our expense. To occupy the extensive 
facilities which we have at our command for the 
mai.u&ctiire of Boots and Shoes, it is necessary 
that we should send Goods to all sections of the 
Province, however remote; every inducement 
allowable in commerce will be granted to this end. 
In 'Evidence of the excellence of these manufac- 
tures, a Medal and Diploma were awarded at the 
Dublin Exhibition for real merit. 


HENRY SIMPSON & CO., 

Wholesale Canadian 
MEDICINE AND PERFUMERY WARE- 
HOUSE. 513 & St$ St. Paul St., Montreal. 

Sole Proprietors of 
N. H. Downs' Vegetable Balsamic Elixir, 
Henry's Vermont Liniment, 
Henry's Worm Lozenges, 
Odous Kallunteilos, or Tooth Embellisher. 

And General A genii /or 
Ayer's Preparations, 
Thompson's Eye Water, 
Payson's Ink, 
Radway's Relief, 

Hunneweir Remedies, Humphrey's Remedies, 
TCnder's Toilet Soap, &c., &c. 


FORWARDING. 


TOBACCO. 


h E. JAQUES & CO., 

^^ • Montreal and Toronto. Forwarders of 
Merchandize and Produce to and from Canada 
West, Commission Merchants for the Ssle or 
Shipment of Grain, Flour and other Produc>\ 


w c. McDonald, 

W * Manufacturer of Fine and Staple Tobaccos. 
My best brands have my Card and Trade Afark 
stencilled on eviry box. Montreal. 


HOOP SKIRTS. 


MARBLE WORKS. 


de B. MACDONALD & CO., 

19 St. Helen Street, Montreal manufacturers 
op Hoop Skirts, and Importers of Men's and 
Women's Straw, Felt, and Fancy Woolen Goods 
Wholesale. 


hANAJOA HYBRAUnC IVTAR- 

^^ BLE MILLS, (St Gabtiel Lock,) $$» 
William Street, Montreal. Monuments, Head- 
atones, Mantles, and all kinds of Furniture and 
Plumbers' Marbles ; Scotch Granite Monuments 
in stock or imported to any design. 

Office, Comer Borchester and Bleury Streets, 
Montreal. 

Robert Forsyth. 


IMPORTERS OF DRY GOODS. 
TjEWIS, KAY ft CO., 

Montreal, Importers of Dry Goods. > 



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